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1994

Western Michigan University

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Western News, December 8,1994, Western Michigan University Dec 1994

Western News, December 8,1994, Western Michigan University

Western News (1972-2018)

Story highlights: Senate postpones implementation of general education policy, hears update on MLK Day, Eight new study abroad programs available, Bulletin, action plan issued on lead in water fountains Sindecuse Health Center official clarifies information on lead levels, More than 2,000 degrees to be awarded; Malaysian official to get honorary doctorate


Reading Horizons Vol. 35, No. 2 Dec 1994

Reading Horizons Vol. 35, No. 2

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Complete issue of Reading Horizons volume 35, issue 2.


Geology Newsletter- 1994, Department Of Geology Dec 1994

Geology Newsletter- 1994, Department Of Geology

Geological and Environmental Sciences News

Vol. 1, No. 19

  • Faculty News
  • Awards and Scholarships
  • Alumni/ Friends/ Former Faculty Notes
  • Geology Development and Scholarship Donations


Western News, December 1, 1994, Western Michigan University Dec 1994

Western News, December 1, 1994, Western Michigan University

Western News (1972-2018)

Story highlights: AIDS Memorial Quilt coming to campus March 22-25, Federal grant to University libraries will expand computer linkages across the state and nation, Program responds to demand for specialized skills, 1994-95 Sculpture Tour features six new works and five pieces from lost year's outdoor exhibit, 30 faculty and staff members to be inducted into 25 Year Club at annual banquet Dec. 5, Two appointed in Division of External Affairs


World View, Culture, And Science Education, William W. Cobern Dec 1994

World View, Culture, And Science Education, William W. Cobern

Scientific Literacy and Cultural Studies Project

In the last few years many science education policy documents, including those from Project 2000+, have noted the need for further knowledge and understanding of how people individually and as members of social and cultural groups learn and teach science. To this end science educators have studied cognitive development and mental capacity. They have explored the effectiveness of various instructional strategies. Among other things they have investigated the errors students make. However, what students believe about the physical world, belief rooted and nurtured in students' socio-cultural environments, has received far less attention. In a non-Western economically developing nation one speaks ...


Using Storybooks To Teach Science Themes, Sandra Moser Dec 1994

Using Storybooks To Teach Science Themes, Sandra Moser

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Sympathy, empathy, respect, admiration, affection: These are not words normally found in the science texts of primary level classrooms, and the emotions they name are not ordinarily associated with the teaching of science. Yet the young writer quoted above communicates an involvement with small creatures —even an urgency —that was learned through literature. And this emotional involvement was gained right along with a knowledge of spider anatomy, web building and feeding habits. Through literature—storybooks — this student learned science content intertwined with values.


Professional Materials, Brian Dobbie Dec 1994

Professional Materials, Brian Dobbie

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Farr, Rodger. Tone, Bruce. (1994). Portfolio and Performance Assessment: Helping Students Evaluate Their Progress as Readers and Writers.


Oral Participation In Shared Reading And Writing By Limited English Proficient Students In A Multiethnic Class Setting, Kathryn Laframboise, Margie Wynn Dec 1994

Oral Participation In Shared Reading And Writing By Limited English Proficient Students In A Multiethnic Class Setting, Kathryn Laframboise, Margie Wynn

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Meeting the educational needs of students with limited English proficiency is a challenge that is changing and will continue to change the direction of educational programs. There has been a huge influx of limited English proficient (LEP) students across all geographic regions of the United States (United States Department of Education, 1992). Of the 25 largest school districts in the country, 23 have a majority of minority students (Multicultural Education Review Task Force, 1991). The impact of this increase in LEP students has resulted in individual states and school districts examining their resources, priorities, and curricula to meet their needs.


A Critical Course For Literacy Education, Andrea Bartlett Dec 1994

A Critical Course For Literacy Education, Andrea Bartlett

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

During a recent update of our Literacy Education program, the introductory graduate-level course was renamed Critical Literacy. While the term critical is used extensively in the professional literature, I found as instructor of the course that I needed to research the term in order to present my stu dents with a clear picture of what it means to be critical. This paper presents the results of that research, including implications for literacy education courses. My research began with a reexamination of critical theorists. Represented by the writings of Marcuse (1960; 1964) and Habermas (1970; 1975) among others, the goal of ...


Read It Again!: A Study Of Young Children And Poetry, Barbara J. Sepura Dec 1994

Read It Again!: A Study Of Young Children And Poetry, Barbara J. Sepura

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

She sells sea shells by the seashore. This little tongue twister came back to me recently as I first experienced collecting little shells along the shores of the Atlantic. It wasn't too surprising that my mind rambled so. Little meaningful rhymes and verses have always had a habit of popping into my head in a variety of situations. I recall having learned most of these from my mother in the early years of life. In her natural way she gave me a heritage rich in rhyme, verse and song that has supported me in daily living.


Priority Of Reading Instruction Revisited: Evidence From A Regression Analysis Of Adult Esl Learners' Reading Ability, Zhihui Fang Dec 1994

Priority Of Reading Instruction Revisited: Evidence From A Regression Analysis Of Adult Esl Learners' Reading Ability, Zhihui Fang

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Historically, there has been an intense debate over the most effective approach to instruction: bottom-up versus top down (Adams, 1990; Chall, 1967; Grabe, 1991; McCarthy, 1991; Swaffar, 1988). With the increasing emphasis on the role of context in literacy activities (Anderson and Pearson, 1984; Lave, 1988; Steffensen, Joag-dev, and Anderson, 1979), reading research in English as a second language (ESL) has in the recent past focused on the effects of prior knowledge, or schemata, on comprehension (Carrell, 1984, 1987; Dubin and Bycina, 1991; Lee, 1986). Most of these studies generally reported significant effects of background knowledge on reading performance. Concomitantly ...


Bibliotherapeutic Literature: A Key Facet Of Whole Language Instruction For The At-Risk Student, Dan T. Ouzts Dec 1994

Bibliotherapeutic Literature: A Key Facet Of Whole Language Instruction For The At-Risk Student, Dan T. Ouzts

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Literature is the creative product of the minds of creative people. As a painting serves to fire the imagination, so does a fine story, a well-composed poem, or a good book (Smith, 1975). Literature is not a subject that should be taught but one that should be read and enjoyed. It is through literature that children develop interests and pleasure in reading. Moreover, literature stirs the imagination and creativity of children instead of destroying their interests. These are the basic foundations of lifelong learning (McMillan and Gentile, 1988). Literat


Children's Books, Steven L. Layne Dec 1994

Children's Books, Steven L. Layne

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Shusterman, Neil. (1994). The Eyes of Kid Midas; Hughes, Shirley. (1994). The Nursery Collection; Barnes-Murphy, Frances. (1994). The Fables of Aesop; Lerner, Carol. (1994). Backyard Birds of Winter; Hamanaka, Sheila. (1994). All the Colors of the Earth; Juster, Norton. (1994). Otter Nonsense.


Interim Outcomes And Change Processes: A Case Study Of School Restructuring, Meg V. Blinkiewicz Dec 1994

Interim Outcomes And Change Processes: A Case Study Of School Restructuring, Meg V. Blinkiewicz

Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative case study was two-fold: (1) to describe interim outcomes that occurred within a restructuring school district and the change processes related to each outcome; and (2) to confirm or expand what is known about educational restructuring. Individual interviews were conducted with fifty-five (55) persons including central office administrators, principals, teachers, support staff, parents, and School Board members. Approximately 120 hours were spent in the field observing meetings, classroom activities, and other events. Existing documentation (meeting minutes, policies, and procedures) also was reviewed.

This study produced detailed descriptions o f six categories of interim outcomes that ...


A Comparison Of Teacher Attitudes Based Upon Their Involvement In Various Levels Of Staff Development, James Lehto Dec 1994

A Comparison Of Teacher Attitudes Based Upon Their Involvement In Various Levels Of Staff Development, James Lehto

Dissertations

This study sought to measure the relationship between teacher attitude and involvement in staff development. It was conducted as a follow-up to a recent implementation and audit of educational standards in the state of Wisconsin and focused upon the results of Standard B for Staff Development. The study compared the attitudes of teachers based upon their involvement in various levels of staff development, which were determined through the audit process.

Previous literature described in the report focused upon the background of state educational standards as well as previous studies which attempted to assess employee attitudes and staff development. In both ...


Academic Self-Esteem Of Michigan High School Students, Dolores J. Howe Dec 1994

Academic Self-Esteem Of Michigan High School Students, Dolores J. Howe

Dissertations

In this study, relationships among academic self-esteem, teacher/student relationships, school climate, students' level of involvement in school activities, and size of school were analyzed.

Sixteen lower Michigan high schools were randomly selected, 12 with a population of 200-500 and 4 with a population of 1,500-2,000. One class each of 9th, 10th, 11th, and 12th grades, representing a wide range of ability levels, were chosen from each school, for a total of 64 classrooms containing 1,319 students. Brookover’s (1962) Self-Concept of Ability Scale, the author's Academic Self-Esteem Inventory, and the National Association of Secondary School ...


Gender Differences In Higher Education: A Comparison Of Males And Females Applying To Graduate School, Lynda Bennett Dec 1994

Gender Differences In Higher Education: A Comparison Of Males And Females Applying To Graduate School, Lynda Bennett

Master's Theses

The objective of this study was to determine in what ways male and female applicants to graduate school are similar or different. Secondary analysis was conducted on survey data which described attitudes and behavior of students admitted to graduate programs at Western Michigan University. The purpose was to assess the relationship between gender and curricula selected, likelihood of applying for and receiving financial aid, and the influence of marital status. Gender did have a statistically significant relationship with curricula selection and influence of marital status. Furthermore, it appeared that women graduate students find marriage to be a more limiting factor ...


The Relationship Of Leadership Style Behaviors Of Principals To The Existence Of Effective Schools, Lanny John Tibaldo Dec 1994

The Relationship Of Leadership Style Behaviors Of Principals To The Existence Of Effective Schools, Lanny John Tibaldo

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine if the leadership style behaviors of principals were related to the existence of effective schools. Leadership style behaviors of principals of Wisconsin public schools recognized as effective by the Blue Ribbon Schools Program were compared to a random sample of principals of Wisconsin public schools not identified as effective to determine if principals of effective schools demonstrated more democratic, participative leadership style behaviors. The relationship of elementary and secondary principals' leadership style behaviors to the existence of effective schools was also studied.

A Personal Data Sheet for demographic data and the Self-Scoring ...


Assertive Communication: Its Effect On Conflict, Trust, Hostility, And Productivity In The Organization, Jacqueline J. Brayman Dec 1994

Assertive Communication: Its Effect On Conflict, Trust, Hostility, And Productivity In The Organization, Jacqueline J. Brayman

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between assertive communication training and conflict over values, goals, and demands, as well as trust, hostility, and productivity in the organization. The investigation took place at a manufacturing firm in Grand Rapids, Michigan, which produces wood chair frames and components for distribution worldwide. The research involved both the day and night shift employees of four "work cells" or units, each numbering three to four workers. Two work cells were randomly assigned to be trained in assertive communication. The other tw o work cells, the comparison group, were trained in preventive ...


A Causal-Comparative Study Of The Relationship Of Mathematics, Science, Athletics And The Career Expectations Of Adolescent Women, Elwood Martin Bowers Dec 1994

A Causal-Comparative Study Of The Relationship Of Mathematics, Science, Athletics And The Career Expectations Of Adolescent Women, Elwood Martin Bowers

Dissertations

The premise of this study is that high school women who complete course work in advanced mathematics and advanced science and participate in organized athletic programs will develop skills, knowledge, and attitudes that facilitate and encourage expanded options in their occupational expectations. It was hypothesized that such women would have occupational expectations that reflect a greater degree of gender integration or nontraditionality than women who do not participate in such activities. Other environmental or attribute variables such as parents' occupation, birth order, and constructs of self concept, were examined for intervening or modifying effects on the major premise.

Participants in ...


Women In Public School Administration: Factors That Facilitate Attainment, Betty Newlin Lapointe Dec 1994

Women In Public School Administration: Factors That Facilitate Attainment, Betty Newlin Lapointe

Dissertations

The educational system in the United States, although staffed by an equal proportion of men and women in teaching roles, is administered predominantly by men. Women are represented in fewer than 5% of our nation’s schools in the role of superintendent, and only 10% of the high schools are administered by women principals.

The purpose of this study was to expand the research on the factors that facilitate the attainment of key leadership positions for women within the public school, and to determine differences in access between the positions of secondary principal and superintendent.

A total of 78 female ...


An Experimental Analysis Of Instructional Technologies Applied To The Three Contingency Model Of Performance Management, Judith S . Devoe Dec 1994

An Experimental Analysis Of Instructional Technologies Applied To The Three Contingency Model Of Performance Management, Judith S . Devoe

Dissertations

This research had four goals: (1) to refine the theory of performance management based on rule-governed behavior and refine the three-contingency model of performance. management, (2) to develop a university-level programmed instruction unit to teach the three-contingency model of performance management, (3) to test for functional independence between response classes—using concept-discrimination and concept-exemplification, and (4) to test a common assumption of programmed instruction— the necessity for active responding (this assumption was tested with both concept-discrimination training and concept-exemplification training).

Participants included fifty-nine undergraduates enrolled in a behavior analysis course. They were randomly assigned to one of four groups: (1 ...


An Exploration Of Students’ And Business Persons’ Ratings Of The Importance Of Writing Skills For Business Success, Miriam P. Coleman Dec 1994

An Exploration Of Students’ And Business Persons’ Ratings Of The Importance Of Writing Skills For Business Success, Miriam P. Coleman

Dissertations

The central question explored in this research was whether the perceptions of undergraduate students and business employers about the importance of writing skills for success in business differ from one another. Related questions were posed about the relationship of certain individual characteristics such as sex, student classification, and student institutional affiliation and their interactions to these perceptions.

Subjects were selected from both public and private institutions of higher education and 11 medium-sized businesses in western Michigan. Data collection was accomplished using two 30-item Likert-type Importance of Business Writing (IBW) questionnaires developed for obtaining information on the perceptions of subjects relative ...


Western News, November 29, 1994, Western Michigan University Nov 1994

Western News, November 29, 1994, Western Michigan University

Western News (1972-2018)

WMU President Diether H. Haenicke's "State of the University"


Western News, November 17, 1994, Western Michigan University Nov 1994

Western News, November 17, 1994, Western Michigan University

Western News (1972-2018)

Story highlights: Plan designed to move University to Research II status, United Way fund-raisers recognized as drive nears end, University attracts more than $2.1 million in grants, Counseling Center earns continued accreditation, $346,344 in gifts reported to Board of Trustees, Jazz quartet returns for second tour of Poland


Western News, November 10, 1994, Western Michigan University Nov 1994

Western News, November 10, 1994, Western Michigan University

Western News (1972-2018)

Story highlights: Oxhandler, Starcher earn Distinguished Service Awards, Trustees approve Haenicke's recommendations on athletics, Board gives School of Nursing fonnal go-ahead, Faculty Senate to vote in December on one-year delay of general education policy implementation, Theatre complex named for Irving S. Gilmore


Western News, November 3, 1994, Western Michigan University Nov 1994

Western News, November 3, 1994, Western Michigan University

Western News (1972-2018)

Story highlights: Two to be honored for their superior classroom skills, Federal engravers seek 'stamp' of approval from WMU, WMU authors hope to bring history alive in new book, School of Music ensembles earn unprecedented four invitations to international jazz conference


Western News, October 27, 1994, Western Michigan University Oct 1994

Western News, October 27, 1994, Western Michigan University

Western News (1972-2018)

Story highlights: Micklin's Aral Sea work focuses on preventing further damage in Asia, Geography computer project puts meteorological info in student hands, Sitkins honored with faculty service recognition from regional continuing education association, VISitingscholar to describe successful methods to eliminate illiteracy,ADD, learning disabilities, Reid's social work text translated into Japanese


Western News, October 20, 1994, Western Michigan University Oct 1994

Western News, October 20, 1994, Western Michigan University

Western News (1972-2018)

Story highlights: Innovative mathematics curriculum moves to national test sites, South African poet and activist among speakers for Peace and Justice Education Week Oct. 24-26, Work by WMU playwrights opens off-Broadway


Western News, October 13, 1994, Western Michigan University Oct 1994

Western News, October 13, 1994, Western Michigan University

Western News (1972-2018)

Story highlights: WMU campus is the place to go during Homecoming activities Oct. 16-22, Founding director envisions healthy future for new School of Nursing, Serving as loaned executive an eye-opening experience