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Full-Text Articles in Education

A Correlational Study Of Female National Certified Counselors And Their Attitudes Toward Homosexuals, Jelane Anne Kennedy Jan 1994

A Correlational Study Of Female National Certified Counselors And Their Attitudes Toward Homosexuals, Jelane Anne Kennedy

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between sex roles and homophobia. The author also hoped to explore the relationship of age, sexual orientation, training experience, and friendship with homophobia.;Female National Certified Counselors (NCC) as certified through the National Board of Certified Counselors were studied for this project. Female NCC's were selected because NCC's on the whole have not been studied in relationship to homophobia. Also women were chosen since most research has examined men and women together.;A computer generated nationwide random sample of 200 female NCC's was sampled. Each were sent ...


The Department Of Anthropology At The Louisiana Purchase Exposition: Motives, Methods, And Messages, Jeffrey Daryl Gauss Jan 1994

The Department Of Anthropology At The Louisiana Purchase Exposition: Motives, Methods, And Messages, Jeffrey Daryl Gauss

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


In The Shadow Of Giants: Contemporary Constraints On Effective Presidential Leadership In Higher Education, Sarah Corner Kennedy Jan 1994

In The Shadow Of Giants: Contemporary Constraints On Effective Presidential Leadership In Higher Education, Sarah Corner Kennedy

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study was designed to investigate the importance of contemporary constraints on effective presidential leadership in higher education. The study was undertaken because this topic was found to be a neglected area in higher education literature. The intent was to fill a void and add to the present knowledge about effective presidential leadership.;The research focused on the perceptions of a stratified random sample of 400 college and university presidents from publicly and privately controlled doctoral, research, liberal arts, and comprehensive institutions. A mail-questionnaire requested personal and professional information and asked the presidents to indicate (1) their perception of the ...


Lessons From The Past: An Historical Analysis Of Science Education (Biology) Curriculum Reforms, 1950 To 1975, Gwetheldene Louise Holzmann Jan 1994

Lessons From The Past: An Historical Analysis Of Science Education (Biology) Curriculum Reforms, 1950 To 1975, Gwetheldene Louise Holzmann

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine what relationship existed between preservice science (biology) teacher education and the reforms in secondary school biology that occurred between 1950 and 1975. Research questions were generated which dealt with the collaboration of the various sectors of education as well as if the prospective teachers were being trained to teach the reform curricula through their college science and teacher education coursework.;Content analysis of textbooks was utilized to determine the content of textbooks on the secondary and higher education level. The secondary texts contrasted were Modern Biology and the BSCS Blue and Green ...


Part-Time Music Faculty In Selected Senior Institutions Of Higher Education In The Commonwealth Of Virginia, Thomas Ward Forrest Jan 1994

Part-Time Music Faculty In Selected Senior Institutions Of Higher Education In The Commonwealth Of Virginia, Thomas Ward Forrest

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate part-time music faculty in higher education in Virginia. Part-timers are a significant part of music programs in Virginia where they make up fifty-three percent of the music faculty and outnumber the music full-timers. The results of this study suggest that perhaps the discipline of music may use more part-timers than any other discipline.;While the body of literature on part-timers in general is small, scholars such as Howard P. Tuckman, Judith M. Gappa and David W. Leslie have begun significant research and reporting. The literature on part-time music faculty, however, is virtually ...


Psychological And Psychosocial Responses Of Women Seeking Pregnancy Counseling To Hiv Antibody Testing, Geoffrey Wayne Ludford Jan 1994

Psychological And Psychosocial Responses Of Women Seeking Pregnancy Counseling To Hiv Antibody Testing, Geoffrey Wayne Ludford

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this descriptive investigation was to study the reactions of women, specifically women who were seeking pregnancy counseling, to the psychological and psychosocial impact of HIV antibody testing. A questionnaire was developed that surveyed women on HIV knowledge, behaviors associated with HIV infection, and locus of control issues related to the disease. Additionally, questions regarding the stigma and discrimination associated with the disease were posed that may have acted as barriers to taking the HIV antibody test. Finally, supplemental questions related to HIV and the issue of abortion were also presented.;The sample for this research consisted entirely ...


Section 504(E) And Higher Education: An Historical Case Study Of Federal Policy Development, Robert John Howman Jan 1994

Section 504(E) And Higher Education: An Historical Case Study Of Federal Policy Development, Robert John Howman

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This research project investigates the processes by which federal policy pertaining to the the American higher education system evolves through an historical case study analysis of the development and implementation of section 504(E) of Public Law 93-112. Also examined is the statute's impact on postsecondary education in prohibiting discrimination on the basis of handicap.;Section 504(E) was developed and shaped by the actions of the federal courts, Congress, and various federal agencies. Policy development was also stimulated by interest group politics, public opinion, the influence of political elites, and the calendar of national politics. Although the actual ...


Staff Development Practices Used In Virginia's Public Schools: A Comparative Analysis Of Personnel Perceptions From Rural And Other Districts, Herbert Oliver Cox Jan 1994

Staff Development Practices Used In Virginia's Public Schools: A Comparative Analysis Of Personnel Perceptions From Rural And Other Districts, Herbert Oliver Cox

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Effectiveness Of An Intervention Program To Improve Performance Of Low-Achieving Students On The Literacy Passport Test, Harriet Elizabeth Bauer Jan 1994

The Effectiveness Of An Intervention Program To Improve Performance Of Low-Achieving Students On The Literacy Passport Test, Harriet Elizabeth Bauer

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine whether there was a difference in achievement scores and pass rates on Virginia's Literacy Passport Test between students who volunteered for and received additional instruction, students who volunteered for but did not receive the instruction, and students who neither volunteered for nor received interventional instruction in a program for rising sixth graders identified as potentially at-risk of initially failing the LPT.;It was hypothesized that (1) volunteers' scores of those who attended the summer program would show higher achievement and pass rates than either the scores of the volunteers without additional ...


The Effects Of Psychodrama Treatment On Levels Of Assertiveness And Locus-Of-Control In Women Who Have Experienced Battering, Jeanne Ball Burger Jan 1994

The Effects Of Psychodrama Treatment On Levels Of Assertiveness And Locus-Of-Control In Women Who Have Experienced Battering, Jeanne Ball Burger

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to measure the effects of psychodrama treatment on assertiveness and locus of control for women who sought out-patient therapy to deal with the experience of having been battered. Subjects were required to have been out of their abusive relationships for at least two months.;Forty women completed the study. They were randomly assigned to an experimental group of psychodrama treatment or to a comparison group that received whatever treatment was available to them if the study were not taking place. Each of three sections of psychodrama experimental groups met for one eighteen hour weekend ...


Adult Children Of Alcoholics: Measuring The Personality Characteristics Of Autonomy, Inferiority And Intimacy, Cynthia Ann Walker Jan 1994

Adult Children Of Alcoholics: Measuring The Personality Characteristics Of Autonomy, Inferiority And Intimacy, Cynthia Ann Walker

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study investigated how adult children of alcoholics differ from adult children of non-alcoholics when measured on the personality characteristics of autonomy, inferiority and intimacy. The subjects were randomly selected from the employees of a large school district in southeast Virginia. Each subject received a questionnaire package that included the Adjective Check List, Personal Orientation Inventory, Children of Alcoholics Screening Test and The Personal History Questionnaire. The return rate for questionnaire packages was 72%. All subjects were volunteers and their identities remained anonymous to the researcher. The sample size was 130.;The subjects were placed in the adult children of ...


A Study Of The Effectiveness Of Using Collegiate Mentors To Reduce Violent Behavior, Improve Self-Concept, And Increase Academic Success In An Urban Middle School, Faith Richards Newton Jan 1994

A Study Of The Effectiveness Of Using Collegiate Mentors To Reduce Violent Behavior, Improve Self-Concept, And Increase Academic Success In An Urban Middle School, Faith Richards Newton

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation was designed to determine whether mentoring programs which might be used in middle schools could be successful in increasing self concept in order reduce violent behavior and improve academic performance. The significance of this study lay in its intent to assess the outcomes of a semester-long intervention by collegiate mentors to effect a reduction in middle school violence by building self concept and improving academic success. Although there has been a substantial amount of literature documenting the linkages between violent behavior and self concept, and between self concept and academic success, there is little or no direct evidence ...


A Comparative Study Of Brief And Time-Unlimited Marital Therapists, Sharon Kay Gilley Jan 1994

A Comparative Study Of Brief And Time-Unlimited Marital Therapists, Sharon Kay Gilley

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This was a descriptive study of 140 volunteer therapists in the Richmond, Virginia metropolitan area who identified themselves as either "brief" or "time-unlimited" in their practice of marital therapy. The sample, predominantly female and highly educated, had a mean age of 46.9 years.;For the purpose of this study, brief marital therapy was defined as eight or fewer therapeutic sessions within a 3-month period, and time-unlimited marital therapy was designated as therapy lasting longer than eight sessions or over 3 months. There were 60 self-identified brief marital therapists (BMTs) and 73 self-identified time-unlimited marital therapists (TUMTs). Subjects completed four ...


Family Counselor Interaction Patterns As Related To Client Gender: Differences In Treatment Of School-Age Girls And Boys, Sherry Barnes Rabinowitz Jan 1994

Family Counselor Interaction Patterns As Related To Client Gender: Differences In Treatment Of School-Age Girls And Boys, Sherry Barnes Rabinowitz

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether counselors differed in their interaction patterns when counseling school-age girls as compared to school-age boys when measured by the communication categories of indirect-statements (feeling statements), direct statements (information statements), interrupting the client, and being interrupted by the client. Videotapes of counseling sessions were made from existing videotapes of counseling sessions conducted by the staff of the PACES Family Counseling Center at The College of William and Mary. Sections of 50 counseling sessions were used, plus two more sections to determine inter-rater reliability.;Five videotapes were made, each consisting of ten different ...


Academic Freedom And The Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary Experience, 1979-1989, James Benson Johnson Ii Jan 1994

Academic Freedom And The Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary Experience, 1979-1989, James Benson Johnson Ii

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

As fundamentalist-conservatives pressed their agenda in Southern Baptist Convention life, and, in particular, as they assumed a majority on the board of trustees of Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary in Wake Forest, North Carolina, the academic freedom of the Southeastern faculty became an issue. Concerns enunciated by Robert M. MacIver (1955) provide reference points in responding to the inquiry: "Was the academic freedom of the faculty violated at Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary?" While a prologue and epilogue are offered, the study parameters of the Southeastern Seminary experience are 1979 to 1989. The study concludes that academic freedom was compromised in this ...


D-Q University: A History And Case Study, Mary Josephine Berger Jan 1994

D-Q University: A History And Case Study, Mary Josephine Berger

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

In the United States, despite the large number and a seeming variety in types of colleges and universities, most people hold an image of the typical college, and most innovative institutions are variations on that theme. A truly different institution, however, challenges our assumptions about numerous aspects of higher education.;A tribal college without a tribe, a "university" offering only two-year degrees, an institution that values a Celestial Wheel as much as a biology laboratory: D-Q University is unique. This study attempts to answer basic descriptive questions about this institution, through analysis of documents, observation of the facilities and classes ...


The Impact Of Principal Instructional Leadership On Student Achievement In Small High Schools In Virginia, Joseph Roy Geiger Ii Jan 1994

The Impact Of Principal Instructional Leadership On Student Achievement In Small High Schools In Virginia, Joseph Roy Geiger Ii

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the degree to which a principal demonstrates instructional leadership and student achievement in small high schools in Virginia. This inquiry was an extension of previous research which has examined the relationship between these two variables in urban elementary schools. The study controlled for the effects of the socioeconomic status of the students, which has been demonstrated through research to have an important impact on student achievement.;Forty-four high schools with enrollments in grades 10-12 of 500 or less students participated in the study. Teacher and supervisor questionnaires were used ...


The Life Histories Of Ten Of The First Women To Attend The College Of William And Mary [1918-1930], Diane Marie Roy Jan 1994

The Life Histories Of Ten Of The First Women To Attend The College Of William And Mary [1918-1930], Diane Marie Roy

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Relationships Between Cognitive Appraisal, Coping And Physical Functioning In A Work Hardening Population, Linda Susan Townsend Jan 1994

The Relationships Between Cognitive Appraisal, Coping And Physical Functioning In A Work Hardening Population, Linda Susan Townsend

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study explored the interactions of cognitive appraisal of pain, cognitive appraisal of function, pain coping strategies and physical functioning in a work hardening population. Using a retrospective design, the medical records of 85 subjects were reviewed for their responses on the following instruments: a 10 cm. Visual Analogue Scale (to measure appraisal of pain), the Spinal Function Sort (to measure appraisal of function); the Coping Strategies Questionnaire (to measure pain coping strategies); a series of objective measures of physical function; and several demographic questions. Pearson product moment correlation and simple regression were used to analyze data. Correlational analyses suggested ...


Wishlist Or Reality? The Committee On The Future Of The Virginia Community College System And Its Report, "Toward The Year 2000", Elizabeth Hinton Crowther Jan 1994

Wishlist Or Reality? The Committee On The Future Of The Virginia Community College System And Its Report, "Toward The Year 2000", Elizabeth Hinton Crowther

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study analyzes the Committee on the Future of the Virginia Community College System and its report, Toward the Year 2000: The Future of the Virginia Community College System, to determine if the committee product is an effective report that identified pertinent issues and is still used as a basis for planning. Research on the role of commission work in higher education indicates a dearth in scholarship about the subject. This study is conducted through an ethnographic examination of the committee process and an hermeneutic study of the report. Janet Johnson and Laurence Marcus' (1986) model for commission effectiveness is ...