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1994

Teacher Education and Professional Development

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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Writer's Digest Character Naming Sourcebook, Charlie Sweet, Hal Blythe, Sheerilyn Kenyon Jan 2012

The Writer's Digest Character Naming Sourcebook, Charlie Sweet, Hal Blythe, Sheerilyn Kenyon

Hal Blythe

Call your characters by their right names. This book will help you. Now you won't have to use baby name books or your teelphone directory for ideas for character names. More than 20,000 character names are included right here, along with valuable instruction for selecting names, and how those names will affect your story.


The Development And Validation Of A Descriptive Survey For American Children : Assessing Health And Health Risk Behaviors, With Special Applications In American Indian Communities, Retta Prophet Dec 1994

The Development And Validation Of A Descriptive Survey For American Children : Assessing Health And Health Risk Behaviors, With Special Applications In American Indian Communities, Retta Prophet

Teacher Education, Educational Leadership & Policy ETDs

The purpose of this study was to develop a comprehensive health survey for elementary and middle school children, with special consideration for the needs of American Indian communities, in order to provide a way to effectively and economically describe their health conditions. The American Children’s Health Survey (TACHS) is a tool for providing communities, policy makers, curriculum designers, teachers and families with greater understanding of the nature and the extent of the health conditions of children. It was designed as a means for providing an ongoing evaluation of health instruction programs and as supporting evidence to gain funding for ...


Teaching Thinking Skills In The Content Area: A Workshop For Secondary School Teachers, Evelyn Ryan Dec 1994

Teaching Thinking Skills In The Content Area: A Workshop For Secondary School Teachers, Evelyn Ryan

Critical and Creative Thinking Capstones Collection

This thesis presents a curriculum for a workshop on teaching thinking skills in the content area designed for secondary school teachers. In-service time for the workshop is twenty hours. The first fifteen hours are scheduled for one week in the summer. Two follow-up sessions, each two and a half hours in length, are scheduled during the school year. The purpose of this curriculum is to establish a foundation for skillful thinking-purposeful thought that is aware not only of its objective but of its own processes. In order to accomplish this purpose the workshop has two goals. The first goal is ...


Attitudes Of Elementary Principals Toward Parent Involvement In Schools In The Commonwealth Of Virginia, Linda V. Brittle Dec 1994

Attitudes Of Elementary Principals Toward Parent Involvement In Schools In The Commonwealth Of Virginia, Linda V. Brittle

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to identify and analyze the attitudes of principals toward parent involvement in schools. The population for the study consisted of all public school elementary principals in the Commonwealth of Virginia. A random sample procedure was employed and an instrument was developed specifically for the study. An initial and second mailing resulted in an overall response rate of 53%. Factor analysis identified 5 groupings in parent involvement. Factors were labeled: Decision-Making, Policy-Making, Home Tutor/Co-Learner, Socio-Economic Status, and Parent Desire and Expertise. Seven null hypotheses were formulated and tested for the study. It was found ...


The Relationship Between Job Satisfaction And Social Network Characteristics Of Elementary School Principals, Lisa R. Gentry Dec 1994

The Relationship Between Job Satisfaction And Social Network Characteristics Of Elementary School Principals, Lisa R. Gentry

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the nature of social communication networks and to determine the levels of job satisfaction of public elementary school principals in Northeast Tennessee. Relationships between social communication network characteristics and job satisfaction were described. Information from the Social Support Questionnaire (SSQ) and the Job Descriptive Index (JDI) was used to identify characteristics of social networks and levels of job satisfaction. Data was used to investigate relationships between social network characteristics and job satisfaction scores. Data gathered included principals' gender, age, school size, years of experience, education level, ethnicity, community setting, marital status, tenure ...


Elementary Teacher Education In Pakistan: What Is Needed, Yatta Kanu, Muhammad Memon Dec 1994

Elementary Teacher Education In Pakistan: What Is Needed, Yatta Kanu, Muhammad Memon

Institute for Educational Development, Karachi

No abstract provided.


Gender And Academic Achievements Of Agricultural Students Of College Of Education, Katsina-Ala, Mchivga Alexander Abelega Dr. Nov 1994

Gender And Academic Achievements Of Agricultural Students Of College Of Education, Katsina-Ala, Mchivga Alexander Abelega Dr.

Dr. Mchivga Alexander Abelega

The study was conceived to investigate the relationship between gender of students and their academic achievements in College of education Katsina-Ala's agricultural education programme from 1979 to 1988. It was found that female students obtained higher mean score values at graduation than their male counterparts.


School-Based Management: Promise And Process, Priscilla Wohlstetter, Susan Albers Mohrman Nov 1994

School-Based Management: Promise And Process, Priscilla Wohlstetter, Susan Albers Mohrman

CPRE Policy Briefs

This issue of CPRE Finance Briefs summarizes research that investigated how school-based management can be implemented so that it is more than just a catch-phrase. Making the transition to SBM is neither simple nor quick. Neither is it possible for SBM to succeed simply by giving schools more power over such things as budgets, personnel and curriculum. In addition to power, schools need hefty portions of three other commodities that private sector research has found to be essential for making good and productive decisions:

Knowledge of the organization so that employees can improve it. Teachers and other stakeholders need technical ...


Volume 08, Number 01, Richard F. Welch Editor Oct 1994

Volume 08, Number 01, Richard F. Welch Editor

Reaching Through Teaching

Full text of Volume 08, Number 01 of Reaching Through Teaching.


Social Context And Perceived Norms: Their Relationship To Alcohol Use In An Adolescent Population, Bette Jean Wolcott Aug 1994

Social Context And Perceived Norms: Their Relationship To Alcohol Use In An Adolescent Population, Bette Jean Wolcott

Health Science Master's Theses

Over 1400 public school students in grade 7-12 were surveyed with an anonymous questionnaire to determine the relative ability of the social context scales and the perceived norm scales to explain adolescent alcohol use intensity, frequency of alcohol-impaired driving, and frequency of riding with an alcohol-impaired driver. It was found that during the twelve month period prior to the survey, 54.2% of all students had used alcohol on at least one occasion, 13.8% had driven a motor vehicle under the influence of alcohol, and 41.8% had ridden with an alcohol-impaired driver. A multiple regression analysis showed that ...


Principal And Teacher Perceptions Of School Climate Related To Value-Added Assessment And Selected School Contextual Effects In The First Tennessee District, Diann B. Casteel Aug 1994

Principal And Teacher Perceptions Of School Climate Related To Value-Added Assessment And Selected School Contextual Effects In The First Tennessee District, Diann B. Casteel

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The problem related to this study was to develop a clearer understanding of organizational climates in K-8 schools in Tennessee and the relationship that climate has to school performance, as measured through value-added assessment. The purpose of this study was to identify relationships between dimensions of school climate and student achievement as measured by mandated value-added assessment at the third grade level in Tennessee. The study attempted to determine if there was a significant difference between principal and teacher perceptions of school climate and if a relationship existed between the school climate and value-added assessment. The study also endeavored to ...


An Investigation Into The Gender Bias Issue, Bonnie L. Wolcott Aug 1994

An Investigation Into The Gender Bias Issue, Bonnie L. Wolcott

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Women tend to hold a smaller population within the fields of science and mathematics than men. This is believed to be largely due to gender bias coming from family, school, and society. The areas of math and science are largely considered to be male-oriented, and female students consider the fields to be largely unavailable to them. This master thesis addresses this topic by surveying a large number of high school math students, and interviewing school faculty.

A large suburban school district in Rochester, NY was used for this research. The study included 285 male students and 343 female students in ...


A Historical Look At "The Journal Of The National Association For Bilingual Education", Christine Jennie Mitchell Aug 1994

A Historical Look At "The Journal Of The National Association For Bilingual Education", Christine Jennie Mitchell

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper examines the history of The Journal of the National Association for Bilingual Education (NABE), beginning with its first editor—Alma Flor Ada. It traces the shifting focus of the journal’s articles during each of its editorial eras, noting the changes between heavily politically-focused editors/eras and those focusing on issues such as evaluation and assessment, and psycho-social linguistics. The author provides a brief description of each editor’s tenure, noting their editorial philosophy as well as their major contributions to the journal. The author concludes that the journal’s continuing focus on evaluation/assessment and political articles ...


What Three-, Four-, And Five-Year-Olds Do In A Classroom Library Corner: Interactions With Books, Deborah Jill Buddle Aug 1994

What Three-, Four-, And Five-Year-Olds Do In A Classroom Library Corner: Interactions With Books, Deborah Jill Buddle

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study looked at the types of interactions three-, four-, and five-year-olds had with books in a preschool classroom library corner. This study took place in a rural cooperative preschool program consisting of 21 students.

Questions addressed were:

  1. What percentage of time spent in the library corner was actually spent interacting with books?
  2. What Interactions did students have with books in the library corner?
  3. What percentage of time spent in the library corner was spent on each type of interaction with books?

The data were collected over 32 classroom observation periods. Each observation took place during center time which was ...


The Perceptions Of Career Ladder I, Career Ladder Ii, And Career Ladder Iii Elementary Principals Regarding Instructional Leadership, Brenda T. Gulledge Aug 1994

The Perceptions Of Career Ladder I, Career Ladder Ii, And Career Ladder Iii Elementary Principals Regarding Instructional Leadership, Brenda T. Gulledge

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine if Career Ladder I, Career Ladder II, and Career Ladder III Tennessee Elementary Principals perceived differently their role as instructional leaders. The amount of time principals spent in six identified dimensions of instructional leadership was examined. The study examined selected independent variables, such as, grade level configuration of the school, years of experience as a principal, number of years of classroom experience, and gender for any effect on the Career Ladder I, Career Ladder II, and Career Ladder III elementary principals' perceptions of their instructional leadership role. The research design included three ...


A Descriptive Study Of Programmatic And Curricular Components Of Regular And Developmental Kindergartens, Stephen A. Anderson Aug 1994

A Descriptive Study Of Programmatic And Curricular Components Of Regular And Developmental Kindergartens, Stephen A. Anderson

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to assess and describe programmatic and curricular differences between developmental and regular kindergartens. The research questions were to find how regular and developmental teachers describe their program and to determine from these descriptions any differences or similarities. A descriptive research design was used. A survey was developed from a search of literature, review by a panel of experts, and a pilot study.

The population for the study was all kindergarten teachers and the sample was all kindergarten teachers in a metropolitan Detroit county. Surveys were returned by 82% of the sample which met a ...


Preservice Elementary Education Students’ Beliefs Regarding The Teaching And Learning Of Mathematics, Elsa L. Geskus Aug 1994

Preservice Elementary Education Students’ Beliefs Regarding The Teaching And Learning Of Mathematics, Elsa L. Geskus

Dissertations

This dissertation analyzes the entering and exiting beliefs of preservice elementary education students in three domains. The domains are: (1) the nature of teaching mathematics, (2) the nature of learning mathematics, and (3) the nature of the underlying source of their success or failure in mathematics. The data collection for this study was comprised of two questionnaires. The first questionnaire with 72 items used a five point Iikert scale. The second questionnaire took 10 of the Iikert items and formatted them as an open-ended response questionnaire. Students were to respond favorably or negatively to the statements and provide support for ...


Urban Teachers’ Views And Ranking Of Five Home And School Variables With Respect To Effective Teaching Of Disadvantaged Students, Loraine Constance Enniss Aug 1994

Urban Teachers’ Views And Ranking Of Five Home And School Variables With Respect To Effective Teaching Of Disadvantaged Students, Loraine Constance Enniss

Dissertations

There is a range of information on effective teaching of disadvantaged students, with educators supporting either the home or school, as the variable with the greatest impact. What are the opinions of classroom teachers on this topic?

In this exploratory study, Group 1 teachers included all those who ranked the impact (on their ability to effectively teach disadvantaged students), of the home variables: parental involvement, dialects of English, socioeconomic status as 3, 4. and 5 and the school variables: teaching methodology and teacher expectations, as 1 and 2. All others were in Group 0. Scores of these two groups of ...


Effective Approaches To New Faculty Development, Mary Deane Sorcinelli Jun 1994

Effective Approaches To New Faculty Development, Mary Deane Sorcinelli

Mary Deane Sorcinelli

The author provides research-based and practical advice on how to foster the career development of new and junior faculty. She first reviews who the new and junior faculty are and highlights research findings on the work and career experiences of these faculty members. She then describes model programs and successful strategies to support the newest members of the professoriat, including exemplary programs for orientation, mentoring, research, and teaching development.


Volume 07, Number 03, Richard F. Welch Editor May 1994

Volume 07, Number 03, Richard F. Welch Editor

Reaching Through Teaching

Full text of Volume 07, Number 03 of Reaching Through Teaching.


Children's Safety Zone And Gateways To Life-Long Learing, Anne J. Mcdonough May 1994

Children's Safety Zone And Gateways To Life-Long Learing, Anne J. Mcdonough

Critical and Creative Thinking Capstones Collection

The major purpose of this thesis is to examine the relationship between a psychologically safe environment, which the author has termed Children's Safety Zone, and positive learning structures. Together they can of a practical new model for decentralized teaching. Educators create the conditions in which learning discoveries can be made; therefore, an exploration into children's motivations, achievements, learning abilities, intelligences, and values can affect how to effectively approach their learning discoveries. It is the assumption of this thesis that education needs to produce learners who have encountered and acquired a sense of responsibility and control of their own ...


Critical Thinking In Elementary Science Instruction Using Portfolios And Cooperative Learning, Lisa A. Hayes May 1994

Critical Thinking In Elementary Science Instruction Using Portfolios And Cooperative Learning, Lisa A. Hayes

Critical and Creative Thinking Capstones Collection

Elementary science education often does not reflect the processes used n professional science. Students are instructed in a recipe-oriented way to follow predetermine procedures in order to come to predetermined results. The embedding of critical thinking skills instruction into science curriculum makes it possible for science instruction to more closely resemble professional science. This curriculum development thesis utilizes critical thinking skills and instructional strategies as a basis for embedding critical thinking skills instruction into a series of lessons on the topic of sound. Each lesson includes objectives for science content and thinking skills, a motivational activity, use of portfolios for ...


An Investigation Of Racial Attitudes Among White Pre-Service Teachers, Diantha B. Joiner May 1994

An Investigation Of Racial Attitudes Among White Pre-Service Teachers, Diantha B. Joiner

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine White American prospective teachers' racial attitudes about African Americans. In the age of multiculturalism, it is important to address the issue of racism and racial attitudes among educators. Racism continues to influence many aspects of American society, particularly education. Though the face of racism has changed from its blatant forms, it is now manifested in more subtle forms, and has thus been named "new" racism. This study investigated the level of "new" racism among White American prospective teachers enrolled in a teacher education program. Jacobson's "New" Racism Scale was used to ...


Identification Of Tennessee Teacher And Principal Beliefs About National Standards And National Goals In Education, Shirley R. Ellis May 1994

Identification Of Tennessee Teacher And Principal Beliefs About National Standards And National Goals In Education, Shirley R. Ellis

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the beliefs of Tennessee principals and teachers in relation to national standards and national goals. This was a descriptive study, which utilized a survey methodology. The population under study was limited to 232 principals and 268 teachers randomly selected from the 1992-1993 membership of the Tennessee Education Association. The instrument, developed by the researcher for this study, was the National Standards/National Goals Questionnaire. The 32 item instrument was designed to determine the level of belief of national goals and national standards. Descriptive statements were used to analyze the data gathered from ...


Perceptions Of Classroom Social Environment Held By Virginia Community College Students And Instructors In Developmental Courses, Ann C. Bartholomay May 1994

Perceptions Of Classroom Social Environment Held By Virginia Community College Students And Instructors In Developmental Courses, Ann C. Bartholomay

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine students' classroom social environment needs by identifying characteristics of actual and ideal classroom environments as perceived by students taking developmental math or English courses in Virginia community colleges, characteristics of the actual classroom environments as perceived by their instructors, and characteristics of actual and ideal classroom environments as perceived by subgroups of students. The subgroups were formed by gender, race, age, type of developmental course, size of college, and whether students were first generation college students. The Adult Classroom Environment Scale was administered to students and instructors in developmental studies classes in ...


The Effects Of Homogeneous And Heterogeneous Grouping Methods On Student Reading Attitudes, Jennifer Tracey Oddo May 1994

The Effects Of Homogeneous And Heterogeneous Grouping Methods On Student Reading Attitudes, Jennifer Tracey Oddo

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to compare the reading attitude scores of students in homogeneous reading groups to the reading attitude scores of students in heterogeneous reading groups. The subjects were forty-six fourth grade students who attended two schools in the same suburban school district located in Western New York. One school in the district began heterogeneously grouping students for reading instruction during this 1993-1994 school year. The other school in the district homogeneously grouped students for reading instruction for many years. Each student tested spent at least one quarter (eight weeks) in a homogeneous or in a heterogeneous ...


Relationships Among Teachers' Efficacy, Teachers' Locus-Of-Control, And Student Achievement, David L. Burrell May 1994

Relationships Among Teachers' Efficacy, Teachers' Locus-Of-Control, And Student Achievement, David L. Burrell

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine if teacher effectiveness, as measured by value-added gain scores on student achievement, was related to the teacher personality characteristics of efficacy and locus of control. The value-added mean gain scores for each teacher were correlated with teachers' scores on the Rand Corporation Efficacy Scale and the Rose and Medway Teacher Locus of Control Scale. A multiple regression analysis was used to determine if these teacher characteristics along with selected demographic variables could be used as good predictors of achievement gain. The population consisted of 132 middle school teachers across five subject areas ...


Occasional Papers: On Collaboration In Education, Janice Rowan Apr 1994

Occasional Papers: On Collaboration In Education, Janice Rowan

Hollybush Series

Volume 4 of The Hollybush Series contains 11 faculty essays on collaboration in education, with artwork from students at John Fenwick School and Elmer School.

Faculty authors are: Jane Sullivan, Carl Calliari, Sharon Davis-Bianco, Donna Hathaway, Jody Blohm, Christine Johnston, Gary Dainton, Charles Ivory, Christy Faison, Peggy Beck, David Kapel, Carol Sharp, Janet Moss, Edith Thompson, and Brenda Benson-Burrell.


The Academic Workplace (Spring/Summer 1994): Reduce Student Costs And Enhancing Student Learning: The Challenge Of The 1990'S, New England Resource Center For Higher Education At The University Of Massachusetts Boston, Zelda F. Gamson, Alan Guskin Apr 1994

The Academic Workplace (Spring/Summer 1994): Reduce Student Costs And Enhancing Student Learning: The Challenge Of The 1990'S, New England Resource Center For Higher Education At The University Of Massachusetts Boston, Zelda F. Gamson, Alan Guskin

The Academic Workplace

No abstract provided.


Effectiveness Compared: Asl Interpretation Vs. Transliteration, Sue Livingston, Bonnie Singer, Theodore Abramson Apr 1994

Effectiveness Compared: Asl Interpretation Vs. Transliteration, Sue Livingston, Bonnie Singer, Theodore Abramson

Publications and Research

Two kinds of interpretation are currently used to make the spoken language accessible to deaf students in regular college programs; namely, ASL Interpretation and Transliteration. To test the effectiveness of each kind, 43 students from several colleges of the City University of New York were divided into two groups by their preference for one or the other kind, and the groups divided according to level of education. Matched groups then received a narrative presentation and a lecture presentation, interpreted either one way or the other by experienced certified interpreters, and then answered questions on the material so received. The results ...