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Articles 1 - 10 of 10

Full-Text Articles in Education

Business Women's Appearance Management, Career Development And Sexual Harassment , Patricia Anne Kimle Jan 1994

Business Women's Appearance Management, Career Development And Sexual Harassment , Patricia Anne Kimle

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Recent changes in women's business dress presented an opportunity to explore the social meanings conveyed by dress in a specific context. Combining qualitative methods of observation with interpretive and grounded theory analyses, this study contributes to our understanding of dress. The applicability of various theories of product symbolism and social behavior to women's business dress was explored;The purpose of this study was to examine meanings of the perceived ideal image and actual image for women in business. It explored women's experiences with and feelings about the use of dress as part of their development as professionals ...


African-American Students At Iowa State University: A Preliminary Test Of A Diversity Model, 1974-1994, Chantel A. Thibodeaux Jan 1994

African-American Students At Iowa State University: A Preliminary Test Of A Diversity Model, 1974-1994, Chantel A. Thibodeaux

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Self-Efficacy Of Teacher Education Students: A Study Based On Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory , Mary Jo Anderson Lively Jan 1994

Self-Efficacy Of Teacher Education Students: A Study Based On Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory , Mary Jo Anderson Lively

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study of teacher education students' self-efficacy was based on Bandura's self-efficacy theory. A critical review of the literature about self-efficacy and teachers explores its "fit" with Bandura's theoretical model. Particular attention is given to the widely used and adapted two factor teacher efficacy scale developed by Gibson and Dembow. The controversy over definitions and interpretations of the constructs is evidence of need for further study. Overall, it appears there is not a very good fit between Bandura's self-efficacy theory and its application in current education research. Differences in definitions, lack of attention to salient features of ...


Women's Roles And Social Change In Sudan , Cecilia A. Adae Darkoh Jan 1994

Women's Roles And Social Change In Sudan , Cecilia A. Adae Darkoh

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this study were to determine if Northern Sudanese women with (1) different family backgrounds (traditional, transitional, or modern), (2) different geographic locations (urban high-income, urban low-income, and rural low-income areas), and (3) different educational backgrounds differed in their attitudes toward traditional gender roles and changes occurring in these roles. This research was based on an analysis of portions of data collected in 1990 by researchers at Ahfad University for Women (AUW) in Omdurman, Sudan, for purposes of determining the critical aspects of women's status that would predict fertility rates in the Sudan;Data were collected using ...


Social Stress, Social Support, Locus Of Control And Depression Among Middle And High School-Aged Population , Nasser M. Al-Mehaizie Jan 1994

Social Stress, Social Support, Locus Of Control And Depression Among Middle And High School-Aged Population , Nasser M. Al-Mehaizie

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The data from a randomly selected sample of 545 middle and high school-aged adolescents across the state of Iowa were studied to examine the means through which social stress is associated with depressive symptoms. Social stress is assumed to be socially determined by unjust social distributions of power and resources that place certain individuals and groups under greatest social pressure and give rise to situations that limit their access to already limited resources, obstruct alternative behavior options, and create unjustified interpersonal tension. Four variables were used to measure social stress: (1) lack of job opportunities, (2) competition in school, (3 ...


Student Perceptions Of Their Teachers, Their School, And Themselves As Learners , Janice Marie Donahue Jan 1994

Student Perceptions Of Their Teachers, Their School, And Themselves As Learners , Janice Marie Donahue

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The problem for this study was to design an instrument that would secure student feedback concerning their perceptions regarding their school, teachers, and themselves as learners, and determine if these perceptions and their critical thinking ability were associated with their attendance, gender, academic achievement (Iowa Test of Educational Development), and academic status (grade point average). Sixty-five students in a ninth grade class at Mason City High School in Mason City, Iowa were voluntary participants;The procedure followed four major steps: (1) Selecting the critical thinking test and items for the student feedback questionnaire. (2) Gathering the student ratings from the ...


A Cross-Case Analysis In Two Transforming Middle Level Schools Of The Effects Of School, Adult, And Student Factors On The Protective Factors Which Promote Resiliency , Lesley Kay Forsythe Jan 1994

A Cross-Case Analysis In Two Transforming Middle Level Schools Of The Effects Of School, Adult, And Student Factors On The Protective Factors Which Promote Resiliency , Lesley Kay Forsythe

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to examine the influences between and among the student-centered middle school policies and practices; the adult influences of teacher engagement, teacher readiness, and principal leadership; student engagement and the factors that influence student engagement; and the protective factors that promote resiliency. Its specific purposes were: (1) to establish the level of each factor and how each factor was demonstrated in each school; and (2) to determine how the factors influenced one another;A multiple case study design was used with qualitative interviews with students and staff, classroom observations, and artifact analysis supplemented by ...


Perceptions Regarding The Status Of Women In Selected Careers In Agriculture: Implications To Agricultural Education, Annette Louise Kiefer Jan 1994

Perceptions Regarding The Status Of Women In Selected Careers In Agriculture: Implications To Agricultural Education, Annette Louise Kiefer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Familial Drinking History, Gender, And Family Environment As Predictors Of Alcohol Use Patterns And Psychological Adjustment Among College Students , Richard Allen Martin Jan 1994

Familial Drinking History, Gender, And Family Environment As Predictors Of Alcohol Use Patterns And Psychological Adjustment Among College Students , Richard Allen Martin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the effects of parental alcoholism, gender, and family environment on alcohol use patterns and psychological adjustment of a non-clinical sample of college students. Participants were 543 students from introductory psychology courses at a large midwestern university. Adult children of alcoholics (ACAs) were found to have greater perceived external locus of control and greater problematic alcohol use than adult children of non-alcoholics. These findings were primarily attributable to differences in gender and family functioning. No significant differences were found between ACAs and non-ACAs in self-esteem, self-realization, or motives for drinking. When compared with parental alcoholism, gender and family ...


Parent Perceptions And Expectations For Siblings Of Different Birth-Order Positions, Anne Sullivan Laing Jan 1994

Parent Perceptions And Expectations For Siblings Of Different Birth-Order Positions, Anne Sullivan Laing

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.