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1994

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Articles 1 - 30 of 190

Full-Text Articles in Education

The Impact Of Curriculum-Based Examinations On Learning In Canadian Secondary Schools, John H. Bishop Dec 1994

The Impact Of Curriculum-Based Examinations On Learning In Canadian Secondary Schools, John H. Bishop

CAHRS Working Paper Series

Externally set curriculum-based examinations at the end of high school apparently have pervasive backwash effects on middle school students, their parents, teachers and school administrators. Holding the social class background of students constant, students from Canadian provinces with examination systems were substantially (23 percent of a standard deviation) better prepared in mathematics and 18 percent of a standard deviation better prepared in science than students from provinces lacking such exams. The effect of an exam system on mathematics achievement of 13 year olds is larger in a standard deviation metric than the decline in math SAT scores between 1969 and ...


Instructional Planning And Teaching: Perceptions Of Practice And Department Expectations Of Principal Preparation Program Faculties, David L. Deweese Dec 1994

Instructional Planning And Teaching: Perceptions Of Practice And Department Expectations Of Principal Preparation Program Faculties, David L. Deweese

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study of principal preparation programs composing the Danforth Foundation Program for the Preparation of School Principals (DPPSP) was conducted to identify and compare the perceptions of program faculty and program coordinators of their respective instructional planning and teaching practices, and their like perceptions of department expectations of faculty regarding these same roles. Variables were constructed using a pilot survey with selected faculty who were members of the Southern Region Council for Education Administration. There were three major findings. Faculty and program coordinators ranked their perceptions of their own practice highly. Faculty and program coordinators ranked their perceptions of their ...


'N Evaluering Van Die Verklarende Handwoordeboek Van Die Afrikaanse Taal As Standaard Verklarende Woordeboek, Michele Van Der Merwe Nov 1994

'N Evaluering Van Die Verklarende Handwoordeboek Van Die Afrikaanse Taal As Standaard Verklarende Woordeboek, Michele Van Der Merwe

Michele Van Der Merwe

Critical evaluation of the Verklarende Handwoordeboek van die Afrikaanse Taal. Argues that the treatment of multilexical items in the HAT is not satisfactory at present. Offers suggestions to remedy the situation.


School-Based Management: Promise And Process, Priscilla Wohlstetter, Susan Albers Mohrman Nov 1994

School-Based Management: Promise And Process, Priscilla Wohlstetter, Susan Albers Mohrman

CPRE Policy Briefs

This issue of CPRE Finance Briefs summarizes research that investigated how school-based management can be implemented so that it is more than just a catch-phrase. Making the transition to SBM is neither simple nor quick. Neither is it possible for SBM to succeed simply by giving schools more power over such things as budgets, personnel and curriculum. In addition to power, schools need hefty portions of three other commodities that private sector research has found to be essential for making good and productive decisions:

Knowledge of the organization so that employees can improve it. Teachers and other stakeholders need technical ...


Using Portfolio Reflections To Re-Form Instructional Programs And Build Curriculum, Sarah Robbins, Nancy Brandt, Susan Goering, Jeanette Nassif, Kathleen Wascha Nov 1994

Using Portfolio Reflections To Re-Form Instructional Programs And Build Curriculum, Sarah Robbins, Nancy Brandt, Susan Goering, Jeanette Nassif, Kathleen Wascha

Faculty Publications

An educator who finds merit in both content- and student-centered instruction may find it difficult to develop a classroom learning program with a firm theoretical base drawing on strengths from both perspectives. The implementation of a collaborative portfolio project as an ongoing curriculum reformation is described.


Volume 08, Number 01, Richard F. Welch Editor Oct 1994

Volume 08, Number 01, Richard F. Welch Editor

Reaching Through Teaching

Full text of Volume 08, Number 01 of Reaching Through Teaching.


1994-1995 Undergraduate Catalog, Morehead State University. Oct 1994

1994-1995 Undergraduate Catalog, Morehead State University.

Morehead State Catalog Archives

1994-1995 undergraduate catalog of Morehead State University.


A Business Curriculum For The Commonwealth Of Independent States, Susan Coleman, James L. Narduzzi Oct 1994

A Business Curriculum For The Commonwealth Of Independent States, Susan Coleman, James L. Narduzzi

School of Professional and Continuing Studies Faculty Publications

Eastern Europe and the former states of the Soviet Union have undergone and continue to undergo a period of dramatic transformation from centralized economies to free market systems. This has involved a shift from public to private ownership for many large state enterprises, and it has also involved the development and launch of many new business ventures. Privatization as it is called, has created a demand for American style business education, capabilities, and experiences.


1994-1995 Graduate Catalog, Morehead State University. Oct 1994

1994-1995 Graduate Catalog, Morehead State University.

Morehead State Catalog Archives

1994-1995 graduate catalog of Morehead State University.


Unlv Magazine, Donna Mcaleer, Terry Baskot Brooker Oct 1994

Unlv Magazine, Donna Mcaleer, Terry Baskot Brooker

UNLV Magazine

No abstract provided.


Supply And Demand For Literacy Instruction In The United States, Richard L. Venezky, Daniel A. Wagner Sep 1994

Supply And Demand For Literacy Instruction In The United States, Richard L. Venezky, Daniel A. Wagner

Working Papers (Literacy.org)

The supply-demand equations for adult literacy instruction in the United States are complicated by (a) changing demands for basic skils in the workplace, (b) an increased in immigrants who have limited command of English, (c) changing federal welfare policies, and (d) limited awareness on the part of those with low reading and writing ability that their skills are not sufficient for everyday literacy needs. This paper reviews critical features of the supply of literacy instruction, drawing on recent state and national surveys of service providers and of technology; data on the demand for literacy instruction; the recent National Adult Literacy ...


Reform Of High School Mathematics And Science And Opportunity To Learn, Andrew C. Porter, Michael W. Kirst, Eric Osthoff, John L. Smithson, Steven A. Schneider Sep 1994

Reform Of High School Mathematics And Science And Opportunity To Learn, Andrew C. Porter, Michael W. Kirst, Eric Osthoff, John L. Smithson, Steven A. Schneider

CPRE Policy Briefs

This brief concerns the nature of the high school mathematics and science curriculum in the United States. It draws from a large study which documented instructional practices and content using novel methodologies. This research approach is a promising step toward the development of indicators of opportunity to learn. The study also provides encouraging news about the effects of increased standards in math and science - they did not result in a watering down of the curriculum. However, practice in the schools studied is a far cry from the ambitious goals for math and science instruction now being developed by the profession.


Challenges In Systemic Education Reform, Susan H. Fuhrman Sep 1994

Challenges In Systemic Education Reform, Susan H. Fuhrman

CPRE Policy Briefs

Reform is generating a great deal of excitement and energy is associated with many positive classroom changes. But policymakers and educators are also facing a number of challenges in designing and implementing the new policies. This policy brief examines these challenges as well as strategies states are using to address them. It draws from CPRE's studies of reform in 19 states and from discussions with staff of policymaker associations involved in providing assistance to states.


The University Of Iowa General Catalog 1994-96, University Of Iowa Aug 1994

The University Of Iowa General Catalog 1994-96, University Of Iowa

University of Iowa General Catalogs

No abstract provided.


The Theory Of Information As A Testing Technique To Determine Spanish Reading Proficiency, Sandra G. Kukuvka, Jean M.T. Hurst Aug 1994

The Theory Of Information As A Testing Technique To Determine Spanish Reading Proficiency, Sandra G. Kukuvka, Jean M.T. Hurst

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to expand on previously-limited investigations into the use of information theory as a Spanish language assessment technique, within an English-speaking setting, by providing a larger data base and employing a wider variety of reading passages. A further purpose was to attempt the development of a Spanish reading proficiency test that could be used in the classroom to provide a broad picture of a student's ability to comprehend reading material at or near his/her level of language learning. At no time was this study an attempt to analyze specific strengths or weaknesses in ...


The Perceptions Of Career Ladder I, Career Ladder Ii, And Career Ladder Iii Elementary Principals Regarding Instructional Leadership, Brenda T. Gulledge Aug 1994

The Perceptions Of Career Ladder I, Career Ladder Ii, And Career Ladder Iii Elementary Principals Regarding Instructional Leadership, Brenda T. Gulledge

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine if Career Ladder I, Career Ladder II, and Career Ladder III Tennessee Elementary Principals perceived differently their role as instructional leaders. The amount of time principals spent in six identified dimensions of instructional leadership was examined. The study examined selected independent variables, such as, grade level configuration of the school, years of experience as a principal, number of years of classroom experience, and gender for any effect on the Career Ladder I, Career Ladder II, and Career Ladder III elementary principals' perceptions of their instructional leadership role. The research design included three ...


1994-1995 Academic Catalog, Cedarville College Aug 1994

1994-1995 Academic Catalog, Cedarville College

Undergraduate Academic Catalogs

No abstract provided.


Female Voices In Mathematics: A New Course, Shobha Gulati Aug 1994

Female Voices In Mathematics: A New Course, Shobha Gulati

Humanistic Mathematics Network Journal

No abstract provided.


Florence Ragland, Early Librarian At Western, Jonathan Jeffrey Jul 1994

Florence Ragland, Early Librarian At Western, Jonathan Jeffrey

DLSC Faculty and Staff Publications

Florence Ragland (1861-1949) served as the first librarian for Western Kentucky State Normal School (now Western Kentucky University) from 1908 to 1923. This biographical article documents how she helped develop and reference the collection with meagre resources. She also advised librarians and teachers on collection development for rural school libraries and taught both botany and English classes as Western during her tenure.


Use It Or Lose It? The Problem Of Adult Literacy Skills Retention, Daniel A. Wagner Jul 1994

Use It Or Lose It? The Problem Of Adult Literacy Skills Retention, Daniel A. Wagner

Working Papers (Literacy.org)

In the fields of adult literacy and adult learning, most researchers have focused on the acquisition of various skills and abilities. Very little attention has been devoted to skill retention. Without more research information, however, it is difficult to know whether the literacy skills learned in America's adult education programs are likely to be retained for very long. This report is a literature review that covers what is known about (a) cognitive skill retention across the life span, (b) studies of literacy and basic skills retention, and (c) policy implications of skill retention work. The main conclusion of the ...


An International Comparison Of Lower Elementary School Schedules, Barbara Helen Wyns Jul 1994

An International Comparison Of Lower Elementary School Schedules, Barbara Helen Wyns

Masters Theses

International comparisons indicate that U.S. students test below other industrialized countries. Researchers identify a shorter school day and year as a possible reason. While recognizing the fundamental differences from country to country, this study focuses on the measurable variables; days of instruction per year and total hours of instruction for lower elementary students. Comparisons with Japan, Switzerland, Germany, Canada, and the United States, find that U.S. instructional days are fewer, however, the length of day is longer, and that total annual hours are second only to Japan. The amounts of homework and out of school learning are also ...


Inclusion: Educating Students With And Without Disabilities, Bill Henderson Jun 1994

Inclusion: Educating Students With And Without Disabilities, Bill Henderson

New England Journal of Public Policy

This article presents an overview of inclusion, a practice that is being utilized increasingly in schools across the country. In inclusive schools, students who have disabilities learn together with their nondisabled peers. Teachers and support staff collaborate to serve all students in integrated classes. After reviewing the social and legal background of inclusion, Henderson describes specific strategies for designing and implementing successful programs. He outlines organizational change, curriculum and instruction modification, and school culture transformation.


New Directions In Juvenile Justice: School-Based Crime Prevention, Paul F. Walsh Jr. Jun 1994

New Directions In Juvenile Justice: School-Based Crime Prevention, Paul F. Walsh Jr.

New England Journal of Public Policy

This article considers the role of the district attorney as a catalyst for aggressive school-based educational programs to help young people avoid trouble with the legal system. Walsh argues that while it may be unfair to burden classroom teachers with additional responsibilities concerning drug and alcohol issues, school is the logical site at which to provide these services and that a district attorney is well suited to act as a catalyst and resource for providing these additional services.


What's Wrong With Reform?, James H. Case Jun 1994

What's Wrong With Reform?, James H. Case

New England Journal of Public Policy

The conservative educational reform movement, which still, after more than a decade, is the dominant force in school reform, has had little success in improving schools because it is based on invalid and self-defeating theoretical assumptions. Taken together, these assumptions have the effect of substituting nostalgia — a longing for the schools the reformers themselves attended —for policy and for increasing standardization at the expense of individual growth and development. The reformers (Bloom, Hirsch, Ravitch, Finn, Bennett, et al.) have particular difficulty, given their assumptions, in dealing both with individual differences among students and with ethnic and racial differences among groups ...


The Suffolk County Sheriff's Department: Correctional Education Program, Robert C. Rufo, Stefan F. Lobuglio Jun 1994

The Suffolk County Sheriff's Department: Correctional Education Program, Robert C. Rufo, Stefan F. Lobuglio

New England Journal of Public Policy

This article describes the Sheriff's Department correctional education programs at the Suffolk County House of Correction and Jail. It points out the tremendous need for educational services given that more than 60 percent of those incarcerated in these institutions are high school drop-outs, and a much higher percentage are functionally illiterate. Because 95 percent of those incarcerated at this facility will return to their communities within three years, educating prisoners serves as a constructive and cost-effective means of preventing recidivism and an effective investment in public safety. The authors also discusses the new Mandatory Literacy Law, which essentially links ...


Service Learning: The Promise And The Risk, Alice L. Halsted, Joan C. Schine Jun 1994

Service Learning: The Promise And The Risk, Alice L. Halsted, Joan C. Schine

New England Journal of Public Policy

Service learning, the pairing of meaningful work in the community and structured reflection, has the potential to transform schools. It provides opportunities for young people to test new roles, develop skills, apply academic learning in a "real world" setting, and move toward responsible citizenship. Service learning can reinvigorate traditional classrooms and turn passive students into dynamic and engaged learners. However, unless it is implemented with care, with a solid rationale and clearly articulated learning and service goals, service learning will fail to realize this potential. The power and the promise of service learning are too great to allow this imaginative ...


Better High Schools: What Would Create Them?, Theodore R. Sizer Jun 1994

Better High Schools: What Would Create Them?, Theodore R. Sizer

New England Journal of Public Policy

The American desire to improve education has set off a flurry of activity to reform schools. In such a climate of restructuring, Sizer explores what better secondary schools might "look like" if indeed they existed. His consideration of the improved high school is based on five particular conditions — all of which support teachers and students in their engagement with the serious stuff of learning and all of which must exist in one form or another for schools to be effective. The conditions are cast as questions. Sizer locates the responsibility for school reform broadly, from the heart of a school ...


Connecting Productive Schools And Workplaces For A Knowledge Society, Byrd L. Jones, Robert W. Maloy Jun 1994

Connecting Productive Schools And Workplaces For A Knowledge Society, Byrd L. Jones, Robert W. Maloy

New England Journal of Public Policy

As American education struggles to achieve new competencies for an emerging information age, popular reforms remain locked in industrial-era metaphors. Testing for basic skills, teacher professionalism, and school-business collaboration assumes that schooling prepares workers with skills for predictable roles. Meanwhile, computers and related technologies make possible low-cost information that is transforming learning and jobs. Hierarchical organizational structures that subordinated most employees have given way to flatter, flexible teams. Quasi-autonomous decision making by knowledgeable professionals extends to more and more workers. When businesses simply offer schools a few extra resources, they stunt interactive partnerships that enable youth and business cultures to ...


Violence Prevention In The Schools, Deborah B. Prothrow-Stith Jun 1994

Violence Prevention In The Schools, Deborah B. Prothrow-Stith

New England Journal of Public Policy

Violence and its consequent injury and death represent a major health problem in this country. The United States has one of the highest homicide rates in the industrialized world: ten times higher than that of England and twenty times higher than that of Spain. Fatalities from violence represent only the tip of the iceberg: nonfatal intentional injuries occur as many as one hundred times more frequently: assault and intentional injuries identified in medical studies can be four times those reported to the police, suggesting that medical institutions are a primary site for identification of individuals with violence-related problems. Violence and ...


Connecting Productive Schools And Workplaces For A Knowledge Society, Byrd Jones, Robert Maloy Jun 1994

Connecting Productive Schools And Workplaces For A Knowledge Society, Byrd Jones, Robert Maloy

Robert W. Maloy

As American education struggles to achieve new competencies for an emerging information age, popular reforms remain locked in industrial-era metaphors. Testing for basic skills, teacher professionalism, and school-business collaboration assumes that schooling prepares workers with skills for predictable roles. Meanwhile, computers and related technologies make possible low-cost information that is transforming learning and jobs. Hierarchical organizational structures that subordinated most employees have given way to flatter, flexible teams. Quasi-autonomous decision making by knowledgeable professionals extends to more and more workers. When businesses simply offer schools a few extra resources, they stunt interactive partnerships that enable youth and business cultures to ...