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Full-Text Articles in Education

Reentry: Procedures And Strategies Necessary To Achieve Greater Capitalization Of Human Assets In International Business Repatriation , Hildegard M. Vary Jan 1992

Reentry: Procedures And Strategies Necessary To Achieve Greater Capitalization Of Human Assets In International Business Repatriation , Hildegard M. Vary

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research had two purposes. First, a mailed survey was used to investigate the scope and nature of current strategies used by U.S.-based Fortune 100 firms to facilitate the reentry of international executives. Its second purpose was the development of management strategies intended to optimize utilization of international executives during reentry and beyond;Survey results indicated MNCs are becoming more aware of the importance of international assignments. However, the majority paid little attention to repatriating employees. Organizations usually did not provide repatriation preparation before international assignments, nor debriefings or reentry orientations at reentry. Three out of four indicated ...


Selected Perceptions Of Aspects Of Sex Equity And Affirmative Action Within Iowa Community Colleges , Carl Roy Heilman Jan 1992

Selected Perceptions Of Aspects Of Sex Equity And Affirmative Action Within Iowa Community Colleges , Carl Roy Heilman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research project was undertaken in order to study selected perceptions of issues related to sex equity and affirmative action within chosen Iowa merged area community colleges. The four major objectives of this research project were to determine the extent of knowledge of the adoption of institutional policies relating to state-mandated affirmative action, to determine the extent of knowledge of the implementation of state-mandated policies relating to affirmative action, to determine if there is a need for policy implementation on the part of community colleges, and to determine if the Iowa Department of Education should continue to promote affirmative action ...


Community And Campus Culture: Out-Of-Class Involvement At A Midwest Liberal Arts College , Jerry Mark Price Jan 1992

Community And Campus Culture: Out-Of-Class Involvement At A Midwest Liberal Arts College , Jerry Mark Price

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The time students spend outside the classroom "profoundly shapes the form and quality" (Boyer, 1987, pp. 292-293) of their undergraduate experiences. Out-of-class opportunities can challenge students to broaden their educational interests, engage themselves in their own education, and learn to take responsibility for their own actions. Out-of-class opportunities also can enhance growth in students' self-confidence, leadership, empathy, social responsibility, and understanding and appreciation of cultural and intellectual differences. This study examined and described students' out-of-class involvement opportunities at a midwest liberal arts college, as well as the factors and conditions that influence involvement;The methods of inquiry for this study ...


The Pace (Perceptions, Attitudes, Concerns, And Emotions) Of Selected Doctoral Students At Iowa State University , Daleanne Anderson Jan 1992

The Pace (Perceptions, Attitudes, Concerns, And Emotions) Of Selected Doctoral Students At Iowa State University , Daleanne Anderson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation presents the results of a study of doctoral students from selected departments at a large midwestern research university. Doctoral students from six departments in three colleges were surveyed. The College of Education (Professional Studies and Curriculum and Instruction), the College of Family and Consumer Sciences (Family and Consumer Science Education and Human Development and Family Studies), and the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences (Psychology and Sociology) were the selected colleges and departments;The study was designed to explore doctoral students' perceptions of the institution and of the faculty, their financial and academic concerns, and perceptions of their ...


The Ames Project: Administering Classified Research As A Part Of The Manhattan Project At Iowa State College, 1942-1945 , Carolyn Stilts Payne Jan 1992

The Ames Project: Administering Classified Research As A Part Of The Manhattan Project At Iowa State College, 1942-1945 , Carolyn Stilts Payne

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

From 1942-1945, Iowa State College, like several other universities and colleges, participated in a classified research and development project to build the first atomic bomb. Three federal agencies--the National Defense Research Council (NDRC), the Office of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD), and the Manhattan Engineer District (MED)--funded this atomic weapon project at various times throughout the war. This dissertation is an examination of the administrative apparatus set up on Iowa State College's campus to manage that research and technology development. It also proposes that this same organizational structure was used as a model for administering research funding after ...


To Pursue The Blessings Of Prosperity: Economic Reductionism And Higher Education Reform, 1983-1988 , Lorna Peterson Jan 1992

To Pursue The Blessings Of Prosperity: Economic Reductionism And Higher Education Reform, 1983-1988 , Lorna Peterson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Eight documents written between 1983 to 1988, and selected as representative of the higher education reform movement of that period, are analyzed for economic reductionism. These eight documents are Involved in Learning, Integrity in the College Curriculum, In the National Interest, 'To Secure the Blessings of Liberty', Tomorrow's Teachers, One Third of a Nation, America's Competitive Challenge, and A Nation Prepared. Economic reductionism is defined as a hierarchical thought process that diminishes the importance of other values for the believed superiority of national prosperity. To place the 1983-1988 higher education reform movement in historical context, research is presented ...


School District Improvement Through Strategic Planning: A Case Study , Troy Jude Vincent Jan 1992

School District Improvement Through Strategic Planning: A Case Study , Troy Jude Vincent

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Strategic planning is one of the decision-making structures available to educational administrators. Given the myriad of social, educational, and economical forces impacting education and the national outcry to produce changes, urban school districts like Des Moines use strategic planning to gather and decipher information needed to make the best decisions. Failure of decision makers to utilize a structure to gain proper perspectives places the district in a posture to respond to those issues which engender the emotions of stakeholders. Without a structure, those with the loudest voices and the political prowess to achieve their special interests outcomes are more apt ...


An Analysis Of Nonformal Education Needs Of Rural Women: A One Village Case Study In India , Neela Trivedi Jan 1992

An Analysis Of Nonformal Education Needs Of Rural Women: A One Village Case Study In India , Neela Trivedi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the nonformal education needs of rural women in the sociocultural context of a village in India. Specifically, the objectives of the study were to examine: (1) the physical, social and cultural milieu that determine women's need for and participation in nonformal education; (2) the needs that can be addressed through nonformal education programs; and (3) the perceptions and attitudes of women toward nonformal education;It was assumed that the needs of women are determined by and grow out of the sociocultural context and therefore can be adequately understood only in terms ...


An Examination Of Six Constituent Groups' Perceptions Of The Need To Increase Participation In Educational Decision-Making In Taiwan, The Republic Of China , Thomas Han-Yuan Wang Jan 1992

An Examination Of Six Constituent Groups' Perceptions Of The Need To Increase Participation In Educational Decision-Making In Taiwan, The Republic Of China , Thomas Han-Yuan Wang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine six constituent groups' perceptions of the need to increase participation in educational decision-making in Taiwan, the Republic of China;A five-part, fifty-four item questionnaire to determine respondents' perceptions on the need for change in the educational decision-making process, the degree of public involvement, and areas of involvement for local education administration in Taiwan was developed by the researcher. The sample consisted of 409 subjects who were categorized as: directors of the Bureau of Education, central office staff, principals, teachers, parents, and community members in Taiwan. Demographic factors such as district type, gender ...


A Study Of Chronic Self-Injurious Behaviors In Nonretarded Adults , Phyllis J. Nelson Priest Jan 1992

A Study Of Chronic Self-Injurious Behaviors In Nonretarded Adults , Phyllis J. Nelson Priest

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A study was conducted to investigate chronic self-injurious behaviors (SIB) in nonretarded adults. Sixty-three subjects (47 females, 16 males), obtained primarily by clinician referrals, voluntarily completed retrospective questionnaires which were followed by 1- to 3-hour private, face-to-face interviews with the researcher. Data collected about chronic SIB were: (a) onset, (b) modalities, (c) frequency, (d) reasons for SIB from subjects' perceptions, (e) factor/situations reported being associated with SIB, (f) subjects' reports of pain and/or pleasure in SIB, (g) subjects' specific affects/cognitions immediately pre and post self-injury, (h) incidence of childhood abuse, (i) gender and relationship of the abuser ...


Investigation Of The Status Of International Education In Colleges Of Education At Land-Grant And State Universities , Jing-Qiu Liu Jan 1992

Investigation Of The Status Of International Education In Colleges Of Education At Land-Grant And State Universities , Jing-Qiu Liu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The increasing interdependence among nations in this world has created a growing need for internationally educated citizens. Indeed, international education is becoming an integral part of the complex educational process;The quality of international education at Colleges or at Schools of Education in public higher institutions of learning reflects the understanding of the significance of international education by administrators of these institutions as well as their efforts towards that end. Education provided at universities also has the potential influence upon the quality of international education at elementary and secondary schools. The problem of this study was to investigate the nature ...


A Comparative Analysis Of Pre-Collegiate Students' College Preparation Determined By Academic Achievement, Achievement Test Performance, And Learning Style Preference , Bobby James Beavers Jan 1992

A Comparative Analysis Of Pre-Collegiate Students' College Preparation Determined By Academic Achievement, Achievement Test Performance, And Learning Style Preference , Bobby James Beavers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The main purpose of the study was to examine the relationships among demographic characteristics, standardized achievement test performance, academic performance in college preparatory courses, and learning style preference of economically and educationally disadvantaged students;The data were collected from 804 high school students in grades 9-12 from eight Upward Bound programs located in the midwest, south, and southwest. Six achievement tests, one learning style inventory, and one study habit survey was utilized to report data along with students' high school grade reports;The research design utilized the ex post facto research design--General Linear Models Procedure (GLM), correlational analysis, analysis of ...


Principal Performance Evaluation: A Nationwide Status Report On The Type And Effectiveness Of Evaluation As Perceived By Principals And Supervisors , Ruth A. Frerking Jan 1992

Principal Performance Evaluation: A Nationwide Status Report On The Type And Effectiveness Of Evaluation As Perceived By Principals And Supervisors , Ruth A. Frerking

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the national status of principal performance evaluation including type of system, conditions of implementation, and effectiveness as perceived by principals and their evaluators and the relationship among these characteristics and the size and socioeconomic status of school and district. An instrument based on current models of principal evaluation and organizational structure and change was developed to gather data from high school principals, elementary principals, and their evaluators. A sample of 682 districts was randomly selected from a population of 9,760 school districts in 41 states following stratification by size and region, with a return rate of ...


A Test Of The External Validity Of Focus Group Findings Using Survey Research And Statistical Inference , Robert Marvin Gillespie Jan 1992

A Test Of The External Validity Of Focus Group Findings Using Survey Research And Statistical Inference , Robert Marvin Gillespie

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

It is observed that the focus group or group depth interview is agreed to be a strictly qualitative methodology. Sampling is not random and any participant may contribute disproportionately and introduce bias. Therefore, results of focus group research are not externally valid and should not be used to make inferences to the population from which the focus group is recruited.;It is also observed that, in practice, inference of focus group findings is commonplace and that strict adherence to the proscription against generalization would seriously reduce the current utility of the focus group as a method of inquiry.;A technique ...


An Interpretive Case Study Of Perceptions And Experiences Of Undergraduate Women In Engineering Majors At Iowa State University , Mildred Annette Haggray Jan 1992

An Interpretive Case Study Of Perceptions And Experiences Of Undergraduate Women In Engineering Majors At Iowa State University , Mildred Annette Haggray

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to describe and analyze the perceptions and experiences of selected undergraduate women in engineering majors at Iowa State University. Using qualitative research methods, the researcher described and analyzed the effects of selected educational environment factors on the persistence of women in engineering majors. Educational environment factors that provided the focus for the study included: classroom climate, interaction with faculty and peers, and internal support systems. Related factors that were examined included: personal fit with the major, academic preparation, and career aspirations, and preferred teaching and learning styles and methodologies. Primary data sources included semi-structured ...


Measuring Community Members' Perceptions Of Actual And Expected Correlates Of Effectiveness Within A School System , Donald Gene Hansen Jan 1992

Measuring Community Members' Perceptions Of Actual And Expected Correlates Of Effectiveness Within A School System , Donald Gene Hansen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This investigation was designed to determine the extent to which community members' perceptions of actual school performance differed with their perceptions of how a school should perform in seven categories based on effective schools research, plus an eighth category called community involvement. The responses of 54 community members indicated that males rated their school higher on every correlate than did females. The females, however, had higher expectations for a safe and orderly environment. Respondents with less than four years of college rated their school lower than those with four years or more of college. Those without children in school rated ...


Internship Programs For The Preparation Of School Leaders: Profiles Of Two New Approaches , Pearl Lenora Jefferson Jan 1992

Internship Programs For The Preparation Of School Leaders: Profiles Of Two New Approaches , Pearl Lenora Jefferson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate two approaches to school administrator internship programs: university field-based internship programs and Danforth field-based principal preparation programs. The study was explicitly designed to determine the program design and delivery system for operating university and Danforth administrator internship programs. Additionally, the study was designed to examine to what extent selected processes, components, and experiences (program design and delivery) improve and develop internship leadership skills;Two survey instruments: (1) Program Facilitator School Leader questionnaire and (2) Intern School Leader Questionnaire, and telephone interviews with program interns were utilized to address key research questions. Twenty-two ...


A Survey Of Nurse Educators' Knowledge, Use, And Perception Of Outcomes Assessment , Beth Marie King Jan 1992

A Survey Of Nurse Educators' Knowledge, Use, And Perception Of Outcomes Assessment , Beth Marie King

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this study were: (1) to determine nurse educators' level of knowledge regarding the antecedents which have led to the outcomes assessment movement in higher education, (2) to elicit from nurse educators their knowledge of outcomes assessment and their usage of such information, and (3) to acquire insights from nurse educators concerning their methods of assessing caring by nursing students;An outcomes assessment questionnaire was sent to the Deans and Chairpersons of 542 baccalaureate nursing programs, all of whom were National League for Nursing accredited. Completed questionnaires were received from 400 programs, resulting in a response rate of ...


Factors That Influence Course Difficulty , George Cleveland Bradley Jan 1992

Factors That Influence Course Difficulty , George Cleveland Bradley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Throughout the academic community it is generally accepted that there are degrees of difficulty among college courses. The source of variability in course difficulty could be related to background knowledge of students, variability in instructional methods, and variability in the characteristics of the subject matter;Some courses may be more difficult than other courses because of the content of the courses. These are the courses that present students with abstract ideas and are based on the assumption that students have the ability to think in abstract terms. The vocabulary presented in many of these courses is often foreign to students ...


The Adaptation Of Afrikan Students To Iowa State University , Tina Marshall-Bradley Jan 1992

The Adaptation Of Afrikan Students To Iowa State University , Tina Marshall-Bradley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Within the past two decades there has been a tremendous increase of Afrikan students in the United States (Arubayi, 1981). Afrikan students at Iowa State University are experiencing difficulty in a variety of areas. Economic problems have always been the most severe difficulty experienced by Afrikan students in the United States (Arubayi, 1981). They also experience difficulty in communicating with Americans, (Pruitt, 1978); feelings of homesickness that can often lead to alcohol abuse (Oshodin, 1982); social problems, (Arubayi, 1981; Teferra, 1978; Adelegan & Parks, 1985; Ekaiko, 1981); and food problems (Hossain, 1982), including preparation and consumption of American foods and the procurement of ...


The Relationship Of A Five Factor Algorithm To Placement Of Teachers On A K-12 Career Ladder , Peter P. Price Jan 1992

The Relationship Of A Five Factor Algorithm To Placement Of Teachers On A K-12 Career Ladder , Peter P. Price

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purposes of this investigation were to analyze the relationship of five factors used for placement on a career ladder and to determine which, if any of the factors served as predictors of final placement on the career ladder hierarchy. The factors were; (1) supervisor's (principal) ratings of teachers, (2) second appraiser's (peer) ratings of teachers, (3) student feedback (ratings) concerning teachers, (4) student achievement, and (5) accomplishment of a professional growth plan by the teachers;From a district faculty of 102, data concerning 37 subjects, who volunteered for participation in a career ladder program, were used ...


Refining Valid, Reliable And Discriminating Student Feedback Items For Use As One Component Of A Total Teacher Performance Evaluation System , Les M. Omotani Jan 1992

Refining Valid, Reliable And Discriminating Student Feedback Items For Use As One Component Of A Total Teacher Performance Evaluation System , Les M. Omotani

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study identified, refined, and tested three sets of student feedback items comprising separate questionnaires for use as one component in a total teacher performance evaluation system. Essentially, this study affirmed that student raters, using valid feedback items, can reliably discriminate between teacher performance when differences do, in fact, exist;The analysis of the data for this study supports the following observations and findings. First, all but four of the original items developed by Judkins (1987) and those subsequently refined by the Iowa State University's School Improvement Model (SIM) continued to demonstrate item discrimination power when used with a ...


An Examination Of Teacher Evaluation In Iowa , Daniel William Lawler Jan 1992

An Examination Of Teacher Evaluation In Iowa , Daniel William Lawler

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Teacher evaluation is one of the most challenging tasks facing school administrators today. Effective July 1, 1990, an individual employed as an administrator or supervisor in an Iowa public school, who conducts teacher evaluation, must possess an evaluator approval certificate. This study utilized the Teacher Evaluation Profile (TEP) to examine teachers' perceptions of the quality and impact of teacher evaluation in Iowa. The instrument was modified to allow teachers to reflect on their most recent evaluation and their evaluation three years previous to their most recent evaluation;The data were gathered from 1040 Iowa teachers from 208 randomly selected schools ...


Factors Affecting Success Of African-American Male Graduate Students: A Grounded Theory Approach , Virginia Cortez Henderson Jan 1992

Factors Affecting Success Of African-American Male Graduate Students: A Grounded Theory Approach , Virginia Cortez Henderson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to assess factors affecting the success of African-American male graduate students utilizing a grounded theory approach. Of major importance was determining which factors were most important in their perseverance during graduate school. Those factors were: (1) personal characteristic profile information; (2) graduate assistantship experiences; (3) classroom and teacher expectations of student achievement and experiences of current graduate program; (4) financial aid resources for undergraduate and graduate education; (5) undergraduate academic preparation and performance; (6) the impact of parent support, religion, mentors, and others during their undergraduate and graduate education; (7) campus environment and institutional ...


Study Of The High School Principalship: Relationships Of Selected Job Contextual Factors With Principals' Job Satisfaction, Security, Authority, And Challenges , Keith A. Guy Jan 1992

Study Of The High School Principalship: Relationships Of Selected Job Contextual Factors With Principals' Job Satisfaction, Security, Authority, And Challenges , Keith A. Guy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This investigation assesses the relationships of the following variables with Iowa high school principals' level of job satisfaction: (a) size of school, (b) level of authority, (c) threats to job security, and (d) educational issues seen as challenges. Further, relationships between levels of authority, size of school, job security issues, and educational challenges were identified and analyzed. Data for this study were taken from an existing data set using the "Iowa Secondary School Principals' Status and Opinion Study" compiled in 1989 by the School Administrators of Iowa, Iowa State University, and the University of Northern Iowa;The population was all ...


Identification Of Valid, Reliable, Discriminating Criteria For Use In Developing Evaluation Instruments For Special Education Teachers , Glenn R. Holzman Jan 1992

Identification Of Valid, Reliable, Discriminating Criteria For Use In Developing Evaluation Instruments For Special Education Teachers , Glenn R. Holzman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study sought to determine discriminating, reliable, and valid criteria to evaluate the performance of special education teachers. Data were collected on criteria to distinguish high performing special education teachers from average and poor performing special education teachers. A sample of over 500 principals/supervisors, teachers, related services personnel, and knowledgeable others was administered a 49-item questionnaire. In addition, the investigation endeavored to determine if appraisers' ability to rate a special education teacher varied according to job assignment. In particular, it tried to verify the ability of typical building principals to make performance evaluation judgments about special education teachers. The ...


The Influence Of Demographic, Achievement And Socioeconomic Factors On Proportions Of Students With Disabilities , Jeananne Reister Hagen Jan 1992

The Influence Of Demographic, Achievement And Socioeconomic Factors On Proportions Of Students With Disabilities , Jeananne Reister Hagen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research study examined the relationship between demographic, achievement, and socioeconomic factors and differences in proportions of students served in special education in school districts and intermediate education agencies (AEAs) in Iowa. Vast differences were found in the proportions of students being served in special education programs, ranging from 3% to 17% of school district populations. Four research questions were addressed in the study: (a) Are demographic, achievement, and socioeconomic factors related to the proportion of students served in special education in school districts? (b) Are demographic, achievement, and socioeconomic factors related to the proportions of students served in special ...


Profile Of Indicators Of Industrial Education And Technology Doctoral Programs: Indicators For Definition And Evaluation , Keith E. Johnson Jan 1992

Profile Of Indicators Of Industrial Education And Technology Doctoral Programs: Indicators For Definition And Evaluation , Keith E. Johnson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to investigate the perceptions of doctoral students regarding definition and evaluation of quality indicators in Industrial Education and Technology nationwide. The investigation focused on student characteristics and network support as they were perceived to relate to program quality;Data were collected by means of a direct-mail survey. A questionnaire was mailed to all doctoral students in Industrial Education and Technology nationwide. The population included only doctoral students from Industrial Education and Technology programs nationwide. The sample consisted of 210 doctoral students in Industrial Education and Technology. The questionnaire contained 89 questions using a 5-point Likert response ...


The Impact Of Incoming Student Characteristics And College Environment On Community College Student Success , Susan Croy Norton Jan 1992

The Impact Of Incoming Student Characteristics And College Environment On Community College Student Success , Susan Croy Norton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to identify incoming student characteristics and college environment variables predictive of student success at North Iowa Area Community College (NIACC). Using the I-E-O model developed by Astin, the researcher investigated input variables of prior academic achievement, gender, race, personality type, age, socio-economic status, and educational goal; environmental variables of full or part time attendance, on or off campus classes, commuter or dormitory residence, major area of study, goal congruence, student involvement, and student satisfaction; and student success measured by self-assessment, grade point average, and ratio of number of hours completed to number of ...


Teacher Perceptions Concerning Their Role And The Efficacy Of Moral Education In Public Elementary Schools , Ray Calvin Owens Jr. Jan 1992

Teacher Perceptions Concerning Their Role And The Efficacy Of Moral Education In Public Elementary Schools , Ray Calvin Owens Jr.

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

One hundred and seven elementary teachers in four randomly selected elementary schools in northern Illinois were selected for inclusion in this survey study to measure teacher satisfaction concerning current levels of moral education in public schools. The survey was also used to determine teacher perceptions of their role in moral education. A secondary purpose of the study was to determine the factors that have an impact on teachers' perceptions concerning their role in moral education;A one group t-test was used to test the hypothesis that teachers perceive their role to be one of neutrality in moral education in the ...