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Full-Text Articles in Education

Attitudes Toward Athletics: A Comparison Of Five Groups , Rosemary Clark Kellenberger Jan 1992

Attitudes Toward Athletics: A Comparison Of Five Groups , Rosemary Clark Kellenberger

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The intent of this study is to assess and compare the attitudes of five groups directly and indirectly related to Iowa State University, in regard to their attitudes toward athletics. The five groups are: Alumni, Faculty, Parents of Student-Athletes, Students and Student-Athletes. Each group consisted of 300 individuals. No existing questionnaire was considered appropriate for this study; therefore, one was constructed. Using the techniques of grounded theory, six different aspects of attitudes were identified from the literature on attitude theory and athletics: Belief, "Basking-In-Reflected-Glory," Benefit to Females, Benefit to Males, Competition, Facts, and Importance. These clusters were used in constructing ...


The Adaptation Of Afrikan Students To Iowa State University , Tina Marshall-Bradley Jan 1992

The Adaptation Of Afrikan Students To Iowa State University , Tina Marshall-Bradley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Within the past two decades there has been a tremendous increase of Afrikan students in the United States (Arubayi, 1981). Afrikan students at Iowa State University are experiencing difficulty in a variety of areas. Economic problems have always been the most severe difficulty experienced by Afrikan students in the United States (Arubayi, 1981). They also experience difficulty in communicating with Americans, (Pruitt, 1978); feelings of homesickness that can often lead to alcohol abuse (Oshodin, 1982); social problems, (Arubayi, 1981; Teferra, 1978; Adelegan & Parks, 1985; Ekaiko, 1981); and food problems (Hossain, 1982), including preparation and consumption of American foods and the procurement of ...


An Investigation Of The Academic Preparation And Performance Of Student-Athletes At Iowa State University , Gary Irving Wade Jan 1992

An Investigation Of The Academic Preparation And Performance Of Student-Athletes At Iowa State University , Gary Irving Wade

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate and describe student-athletes' preparation for and performance in college. Additionally, the study sought to reflect upon the role of the individual institution in support of the student-athlete's pursuit of higher education. Student-athletes from all intercollegiate athletic sport teams entering Iowa State University in the fall terms of 1981 and 1982 were matched to non-athletes by entry date and race;Hypotheses were tested for significant differences (p ≥.05) in the areas of (1) academic preparation (high school rank and American College Testing composite score), (2) academic success (graduation rate and terms to ...


The Use Of Noncognitive Variables To Predict The Academic Success Of Student Athletes , Charles William Walker Jan 1992

The Use Of Noncognitive Variables To Predict The Academic Success Of Student Athletes , Charles William Walker

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Freshmen and Sophomore student-athletes and a control group of matched students (N = 234) at Iowa State University were administered the Noncognitive Questionnaire (NCQ). The NCQ has been shown to have validity in predicting first semester grade point averages;The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of noncognitive variables as predictors of first semester grade point averages of student-athletes;Results Showed that the three of the eight NCQ constructs (Community service, Support person and knowledge acquired in field) combined to predict first semester grade point averages of student-athletes (R =.38; p <.05). ACT scores had essentially no correlation with athletes grades (R =.05);It was concluded that ACT scores should not be used to prevent athletes from competing in their first year;Suggestions for programs that incorporated NCQ variables are made.


Factors That Contribute To Black Students Retention And Graduation At Iowa State University , Elaine Patterson Walker Jan 1992

Factors That Contribute To Black Students Retention And Graduation At Iowa State University , Elaine Patterson Walker

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the retention and graduation rates for 125 black students who had enrolled as freshmen at Iowa State University in 1984. The study examined student history data from the university's data base and information on the college experience at Iowa State, based on telephone interviews with 95 former students. The study identified factors associated with black students who graduated and those who withdrew from Iowa State University;Information obtained from the Iowa State University data base determined that black students who graduated had higher ACT scores, high school rank, and grade point ...


Factors That Influence Course Difficulty , George Cleveland Bradley Jan 1992

Factors That Influence Course Difficulty , George Cleveland Bradley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Throughout the academic community it is generally accepted that there are degrees of difficulty among college courses. The source of variability in course difficulty could be related to background knowledge of students, variability in instructional methods, and variability in the characteristics of the subject matter;Some courses may be more difficult than other courses because of the content of the courses. These are the courses that present students with abstract ideas and are based on the assumption that students have the ability to think in abstract terms. The vocabulary presented in many of these courses is often foreign to students ...


The Impact Of Incoming Student Characteristics And College Environment On Community College Student Success , Susan Croy Norton Jan 1992

The Impact Of Incoming Student Characteristics And College Environment On Community College Student Success , Susan Croy Norton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to identify incoming student characteristics and college environment variables predictive of student success at North Iowa Area Community College (NIACC). Using the I-E-O model developed by Astin, the researcher investigated input variables of prior academic achievement, gender, race, personality type, age, socio-economic status, and educational goal; environmental variables of full or part time attendance, on or off campus classes, commuter or dormitory residence, major area of study, goal congruence, student involvement, and student satisfaction; and student success measured by self-assessment, grade point average, and ratio of number of hours completed to number of ...


Academic Advising: A Comparative Analysis Of National Norms In Public Community Colleges And In The League For Innovation In The Community College , Dava Paulette James Jan 1992

Academic Advising: A Comparative Analysis Of National Norms In Public Community Colleges And In The League For Innovation In The Community College , Dava Paulette James

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The focus of this study was the identification and analysis of academic advising model components and trends in public community colleges and in the League for Innovation in the Community College, a national, nonprofit, educational consortium of progressive community colleges. The results of a 1987 American College Testing national survey and the results of a 1992 survey of League for Innovation members were utilized. Based on these data, academic advising delivery systems were analyzed and reviewed for the purpose of identifying the components of quality advising programs in community colleges;The study elicited answers to the following research questions: (1 ...


Community And Campus Culture: Out-Of-Class Involvement At A Midwest Liberal Arts College , Jerry Mark Price Jan 1992

Community And Campus Culture: Out-Of-Class Involvement At A Midwest Liberal Arts College , Jerry Mark Price

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The time students spend outside the classroom "profoundly shapes the form and quality" (Boyer, 1987, pp. 292-293) of their undergraduate experiences. Out-of-class opportunities can challenge students to broaden their educational interests, engage themselves in their own education, and learn to take responsibility for their own actions. Out-of-class opportunities also can enhance growth in students' self-confidence, leadership, empathy, social responsibility, and understanding and appreciation of cultural and intellectual differences. This study examined and described students' out-of-class involvement opportunities at a midwest liberal arts college, as well as the factors and conditions that influence involvement;The methods of inquiry for this study ...


To Pursue The Blessings Of Prosperity: Economic Reductionism And Higher Education Reform, 1983-1988 , Lorna Peterson Jan 1992

To Pursue The Blessings Of Prosperity: Economic Reductionism And Higher Education Reform, 1983-1988 , Lorna Peterson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Eight documents written between 1983 to 1988, and selected as representative of the higher education reform movement of that period, are analyzed for economic reductionism. These eight documents are Involved in Learning, Integrity in the College Curriculum, In the National Interest, 'To Secure the Blessings of Liberty', Tomorrow's Teachers, One Third of a Nation, America's Competitive Challenge, and A Nation Prepared. Economic reductionism is defined as a hierarchical thought process that diminishes the importance of other values for the believed superiority of national prosperity. To place the 1983-1988 higher education reform movement in historical context, research is presented ...


The Relationship Between Interest In Teaching As A Career Choice And Perceptions Of School/Classroom Environment Of 7th And 8th Grade Students , Raymond Eng Wong Jan 1992

The Relationship Between Interest In Teaching As A Career Choice And Perceptions Of School/Classroom Environment Of 7th And 8th Grade Students , Raymond Eng Wong

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The teaching profession is being confronted with changing demographics: an increase in the number of students of color and a decrease in the number of teachers of color. The study examines the possibility of a relationship between interest in teaching as a career choice and perception of school/classroom environment of 7th and 8th grade students. Seventh and eighth grade students are an appropriate group for the study as they are in the process of developing career options. Also, students have experienced the school/classroom environment for most of their lives and have developed impressions of schooling and the teaching ...


Profile Of Indicators Of Industrial Education And Technology Doctoral Programs: Indicators For Definition And Evaluation , Keith E. Johnson Jan 1992

Profile Of Indicators Of Industrial Education And Technology Doctoral Programs: Indicators For Definition And Evaluation , Keith E. Johnson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to investigate the perceptions of doctoral students regarding definition and evaluation of quality indicators in Industrial Education and Technology nationwide. The investigation focused on student characteristics and network support as they were perceived to relate to program quality;Data were collected by means of a direct-mail survey. A questionnaire was mailed to all doctoral students in Industrial Education and Technology nationwide. The population included only doctoral students from Industrial Education and Technology programs nationwide. The sample consisted of 210 doctoral students in Industrial Education and Technology. The questionnaire contained 89 questions using a 5-point Likert response ...


The Pace (Perceptions, Attitudes, Concerns, And Emotions) Of Selected Doctoral Students At Iowa State University , Daleanne Anderson Jan 1992

The Pace (Perceptions, Attitudes, Concerns, And Emotions) Of Selected Doctoral Students At Iowa State University , Daleanne Anderson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation presents the results of a study of doctoral students from selected departments at a large midwestern research university. Doctoral students from six departments in three colleges were surveyed. The College of Education (Professional Studies and Curriculum and Instruction), the College of Family and Consumer Sciences (Family and Consumer Science Education and Human Development and Family Studies), and the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences (Psychology and Sociology) were the selected colleges and departments;The study was designed to explore doctoral students' perceptions of the institution and of the faculty, their financial and academic concerns, and perceptions of their ...


A Comparative Analysis Of Pre-Collegiate Students' College Preparation Determined By Academic Achievement, Achievement Test Performance, And Learning Style Preference , Bobby James Beavers Jan 1992

A Comparative Analysis Of Pre-Collegiate Students' College Preparation Determined By Academic Achievement, Achievement Test Performance, And Learning Style Preference , Bobby James Beavers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The main purpose of the study was to examine the relationships among demographic characteristics, standardized achievement test performance, academic performance in college preparatory courses, and learning style preference of economically and educationally disadvantaged students;The data were collected from 804 high school students in grades 9-12 from eight Upward Bound programs located in the midwest, south, and southwest. Six achievement tests, one learning style inventory, and one study habit survey was utilized to report data along with students' high school grade reports;The research design utilized the ex post facto research design--General Linear Models Procedure (GLM), correlational analysis, analysis of ...


An Interpretive Case Study Of Perceptions And Experiences Of Undergraduate Women In Engineering Majors At Iowa State University , Mildred Annette Haggray Jan 1992

An Interpretive Case Study Of Perceptions And Experiences Of Undergraduate Women In Engineering Majors At Iowa State University , Mildred Annette Haggray

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to describe and analyze the perceptions and experiences of selected undergraduate women in engineering majors at Iowa State University. Using qualitative research methods, the researcher described and analyzed the effects of selected educational environment factors on the persistence of women in engineering majors. Educational environment factors that provided the focus for the study included: classroom climate, interaction with faculty and peers, and internal support systems. Related factors that were examined included: personal fit with the major, academic preparation, and career aspirations, and preferred teaching and learning styles and methodologies. Primary data sources included semi-structured ...


A Survey Of Nurse Educators' Knowledge, Use, And Perception Of Outcomes Assessment , Beth Marie King Jan 1992

A Survey Of Nurse Educators' Knowledge, Use, And Perception Of Outcomes Assessment , Beth Marie King

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this study were: (1) to determine nurse educators' level of knowledge regarding the antecedents which have led to the outcomes assessment movement in higher education, (2) to elicit from nurse educators their knowledge of outcomes assessment and their usage of such information, and (3) to acquire insights from nurse educators concerning their methods of assessing caring by nursing students;An outcomes assessment questionnaire was sent to the Deans and Chairpersons of 542 baccalaureate nursing programs, all of whom were National League for Nursing accredited. Completed questionnaires were received from 400 programs, resulting in a response rate of ...


Investigation Of The Status Of International Education In Colleges Of Education At Land-Grant And State Universities , Jing-Qiu Liu Jan 1992

Investigation Of The Status Of International Education In Colleges Of Education At Land-Grant And State Universities , Jing-Qiu Liu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The increasing interdependence among nations in this world has created a growing need for internationally educated citizens. Indeed, international education is becoming an integral part of the complex educational process;The quality of international education at Colleges or at Schools of Education in public higher institutions of learning reflects the understanding of the significance of international education by administrators of these institutions as well as their efforts towards that end. Education provided at universities also has the potential influence upon the quality of international education at elementary and secondary schools. The problem of this study was to investigate the nature ...


An Analysis Of Educational Consumer Rights Protection At Iowa State University In 1991 , Gene V. Kellenberger Jan 1992

An Analysis Of Educational Consumer Rights Protection At Iowa State University In 1991 , Gene V. Kellenberger

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research involved a study of educational consumer rights of undergraduate students at Iowa State University. Data were gathered using a questionnaire consisting of thirty-three specific questions, which in turn were based on specific rights of students at colleges and universities; the rights involved were those specifically supportable by judicial decisions and the literature;Student participants were randomly selected as students enrolled in specific classes at Iowa State University. A total of thirty-seven classes were targeted, and from these a total of 865 participants responded to the questionnaire. The data were categorized into the specific rights involved including (1) the ...


Reentry: Procedures And Strategies Necessary To Achieve Greater Capitalization Of Human Assets In International Business Repatriation , Hildegard M. Vary Jan 1992

Reentry: Procedures And Strategies Necessary To Achieve Greater Capitalization Of Human Assets In International Business Repatriation , Hildegard M. Vary

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research had two purposes. First, a mailed survey was used to investigate the scope and nature of current strategies used by U.S.-based Fortune 100 firms to facilitate the reentry of international executives. Its second purpose was the development of management strategies intended to optimize utilization of international executives during reentry and beyond;Survey results indicated MNCs are becoming more aware of the importance of international assignments. However, the majority paid little attention to repatriating employees. Organizations usually did not provide repatriation preparation before international assignments, nor debriefings or reentry orientations at reentry. Three out of four indicated ...


Selected Perceptions Of Aspects Of Sex Equity And Affirmative Action Within Iowa Community Colleges , Carl Roy Heilman Jan 1992

Selected Perceptions Of Aspects Of Sex Equity And Affirmative Action Within Iowa Community Colleges , Carl Roy Heilman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research project was undertaken in order to study selected perceptions of issues related to sex equity and affirmative action within chosen Iowa merged area community colleges. The four major objectives of this research project were to determine the extent of knowledge of the adoption of institutional policies relating to state-mandated affirmative action, to determine the extent of knowledge of the implementation of state-mandated policies relating to affirmative action, to determine if there is a need for policy implementation on the part of community colleges, and to determine if the Iowa Department of Education should continue to promote affirmative action ...