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1992

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Full-Text Articles in Education

An Analysis Of The Relationship Between Power Style, And Locus-Of-Control For Selected Academic Deans, Carla E. Warner Aug 1992

An Analysis Of The Relationship Between Power Style, And Locus-Of-Control For Selected Academic Deans, Carla E. Warner

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The concept of locus of control, as an aspect of the human personality, has remained of interest to researchers since its identification by Julian Rotter in the 1960s. Beginning with the work of French and Raven in the 1950s, the concept of power and its interrelationship with leadership ability has also continued to be of interest to social scientists and educators. This study was completed in response to the lack of previous research on the relationship of locus of control to power style usage and preference. Four hundred and eighty academic deans from one hundred and nine Comprehensive II institutions ...


Teacher Morale As Related To School Leadership Behavior, Diane F. Carroll Aug 1992

Teacher Morale As Related To School Leadership Behavior, Diane F. Carroll

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The problem of this study was to identify the leadership behaviors of principals that affect teacher morale positively and negatively. Elementary schools containing a combination of kindergarten through eighth grade were included in this study. The study was conducted during the spring semester of the 1991-92 school year. The Leader Behavior Description Questionnaire--Form XII was the instrument used to assess principals' perception of their own leader behavior. The Purdue Teacher Opinionaire was the instrument used to measure teacher morale. After the population was clustered by system, a random sample of 24 schools was used. A total of 433 teachers (83 ...


Teachers’ Attitudes Toward Special Education Students In Regular Classrooms, Gail Lysenko Aug 1992

Teachers’ Attitudes Toward Special Education Students In Regular Classrooms, Gail Lysenko

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the attitudes of teachers toward special education students and toward integrating them into regular classrooms.

The subjects involved were 269 teachers from an upstate New York suburban school district. Of those 269 subjects, 247 were regular education teachers and 22 were special education teachers. They were from nine different schools within the district (5 elementary, 2 middle schools, and 2 high schools).

There were two different surveys used in this study, one for regular education teachers and one for special education teachers. They were asked to fill out the survey anonymously and ...


The Preferences Of Tennessee School Superintendents And School Board Chairpersons Regarding School-Based Management, Ronald D. Nelson Aug 1992

The Preferences Of Tennessee School Superintendents And School Board Chairpersons Regarding School-Based Management, Ronald D. Nelson

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the preferences of Tennessee public school superintendents and school board chairpersons regarding school-based management and to determine the differences between both groups' preferences regarding the following aspects of school-based management: each identified approach or model, school-based budgeting decisions, personnel decisions, curriculum decisions, function(s) of school-based management councils, and district level planning prior to implementing school-based management. Demographics were reported regarding superintendents' and school board chairpersons' preferences regarding school-based management. When a significant difference was determined between the two groups' preferences regarding any of the identified facets, the demographics were analyzed. The ...


Spelling In The Middle School: The Testing Of Three Teacher Approaches, Karen A. Imburgia Aug 1992

Spelling In The Middle School: The Testing Of Three Teacher Approaches, Karen A. Imburgia

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The objective of this study was to evaluate three current practices in the teaching of spelling to see if these approaches were effective. These approaches were the teaching of spelling rules, the practice of independently assigned word lists, and the teaching of syllabication to aid in the memorization of list words.

Each method was also compared to see if any one approach was more effective than another. The subjects of this study were 51 twelve year olds heterogeneously grouped into three seventh grade classes. Data were collected from identical teacher-made pre and posttests. Posttests were administered six weeks after direct ...


Effects Of Western Education On Employees' Participation And Job Satisfaction In Saudi Arabian Industries, Abdulrahman Y. Al-Selaim Aug 1992

Effects Of Western Education On Employees' Participation And Job Satisfaction In Saudi Arabian Industries, Abdulrahman Y. Al-Selaim

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate to what degree Western education and Saudi Arabian employees' degree of participation in quality circle programs influences their job satisfaction. These variables were investigated using a survey administered to 150 Saudi Arabian employees working in the production department of a Saudi Arabian company. The Questionnaire of Participation and Satisfaction (QPS) instrument that was used in this investigation is a 20-item questionnaire; items 1-13 were developed by the researcher, and items 14-20 were developed by Abbas (1985). The questionnaire consisted of three components designed to determine: where employees were educated, as well as ...


Factors Influencing Persistence Of Adult Students In High School Completion Programs, Joan E. Garbarino Aug 1992

Factors Influencing Persistence Of Adult Students In High School Completion Programs, Joan E. Garbarino

Dissertations

This research was conducted to contrast adult persisters' and dropouts' perceptions of the importance of institutional, situational, and dispositional barriers to high school completion.

Institutional factors included staff support, curriculum , student services, and logistical considerations. Situational factors were family and friend support, time, employment, and health. Dispositional factors included attitudes toward education, academic preparedness plus expectations, and satisfaction.

Completers who graduated and noncompleters who dropped out before graduation were surveyed. Statistical analysis allowed the researcher to test differences between the perceptions of persisters and dropouts in regard to eleven factors found in the three major barriers. It also revealed differences ...


The Effects Of Public-Posted Feedback On The Use Of A Photocopy Machine By Faculty In An Academic Department, Shijing Hu Aug 1992

The Effects Of Public-Posted Feedback On The Use Of A Photocopy Machine By Faculty In An Academic Department, Shijing Hu

Master's Theses

This study assessed the effects of a public-posting intervention on photocopy machine use by faculty members in an academic department. Public posting included posting of a chart that displayed number of copies made each week by individual faculty members along with the average cumulative rate of copying for previous weeks for each person. The intervention was applied in an A-B-A reversal design where data were collected prior to the intervention under usual conditions (A), during public posting (B), and after the public posting intervention was removed and usual conditions were restored (A). The results indicated that: (1) number of copies ...


An Investigation Of Source Memory In Learning Disabled Children, Roseanne Hatt Ewing Aug 1992

An Investigation Of Source Memory In Learning Disabled Children, Roseanne Hatt Ewing

Student Work

Recognition memory and memory for source information were examined in learning disabled (LD) and nondisabled (NLD) children in two experimental conditions. In the listen-listen condition (external source monitoring), subjects watched a videotape in which two girls completed sentences that were constructed so as to highly constrain a terminal noun. In the think-listen condition (reality monitoring), subjects were asked to imagine themselves completing some sentences and to listen as a girl on the videotape completed other sentences. In each of the two experimental conditions, half of the stimuli were presented once, and half were presented twice. Recognition memory and source memory ...


The Relationship Between Comprehension And Literature Based Reading Program, Karen Quaranto Aug 1992

The Relationship Between Comprehension And Literature Based Reading Program, Karen Quaranto

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Previous research indicates that children involved in a literature based reading program are actively involved in the task of reading. Research also indicates that children in literature based programs made significantly higher gains in reading versus their peers in a basal reading program. In the present study three classrooms of third graders, all of which were using a form of literature based reading instruction, were compared to determine the effect of the respective reading program on comprehension. Literature based reading programs used were student selected literature based reading, whole class literature based reading, and teacher pre-grouped literature based reading. The ...


Transformational Leadership: An Integrative Review Of The Literature, Joseph Mark Gasper Aug 1992

Transformational Leadership: An Integrative Review Of The Literature, Joseph Mark Gasper

Dissertations

Transformational leadership was introduced by James MacGregor Bums in 1978. This new paradigm described the leader and follower interaction as a mutually elevating process which Bernard Bass later described as performance beyond normal expectations. Transformational leadership theory has been expanded and extended by numerous authors and has been the focus of numerous research studies over the years.

Bass and his colleagues have been the most prolific researchers on the subject. The Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) (Bass, 1985) was developed to measure the extent to which a leader demonstrates transformational and transactional leadership. The MLQ also provides a measure of the ...


The Effectiveness Of Special Education Placement And Services: A Descriptive Study, Michelle D. Lewis Aug 1992

The Effectiveness Of Special Education Placement And Services: A Descriptive Study, Michelle D. Lewis

Master's Theses

This descriptive study evaluated the effectiveness of special education placement and services over a three year period o f time. The files of seventeen students were chosen for the study. The study took place in two school districts in Southwestern Michigan.

The findings from this study indicate that: (a) there was an increase in test scores in the area of Performance IQ, and (b) there was a significant decrease in test scores in the area o f Math Calculation. There was a general trend, although not significant, of a decrease in scores in all areas of ability and achievement except ...


The R Value At Vo2 Max During Maximal Graded Exercise Treadmill Tests Of Coronary Artery Diseased And Nondiseased Subjects, Sherry S. Williams Aug 1992

The R Value At Vo2 Max During Maximal Graded Exercise Treadmill Tests Of Coronary Artery Diseased And Nondiseased Subjects, Sherry S. Williams

Master's Theses

This study examined the R value at VO2 max during maximal graded treadmill exercise tests to determine if it was a reliable indicator of VO2 max and could therefore be used as a test termination criterion. The subjects in this study were 160 coronary artery diseased (CAD) patients and 170 nondiseased individuals. Data were collected from existing stress test records. The R value was also analyzed to determine if proportions of diseased and nondiseased subjects were the same. The time it took 100 CAD patients to reach VO2 max and exhaustion once R rose above 1.00 was also examined ...


The Effects Of Imagery On Competitive Anxiety In High School Wrestlers, Lynwood G. Vandenburg Jul 1992

The Effects Of Imagery On Competitive Anxiety In High School Wrestlers, Lynwood G. Vandenburg

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

The purpose of this investigation was to study imagery as an effective tool for decreasing competitive anxiety in high school wrestlers. The investigation was conducted using 27 subjects from a high school wrestling team. The subjects were selected for a treatment or control group by a pretest SCAT score. Both groups consisted of high to low anxiety subjects. The treatment group received an imagery program designed to decrease competitive anxiety. The contact sessions were fifteen minutes in length, culminating into 22 sessions over a nine week period. Both groups were pretested and posttested using the Sport Competitive Anxiety Test (SCAT ...


An Evaluation Of Instructional Grouping And Achievement Within An Accelerated Science Program, John Mark Prouty Jul 1992

An Evaluation Of Instructional Grouping And Achievement Within An Accelerated Science Program, John Mark Prouty

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis was designed to determine if an accelerated science program had an effect on the performance of accelerates and nonaccelerates on New York State Regents Exams.

Four groups of students representing 54 students were used in the study. Two groups were heterogeneous and two were homogeneous. A t - test analysis was performed to determine if a significant difference in Regents exams existed due to instructional grouping.

Results indicated that this study has shown that no statistically significant difference in scores occurred due to instructional grouping.


An Analysis Of Elementary School Teachers Attitudes Toward The Integration Of Mildly Disabled Students Into The Regular Classroom, Felicia Gail Ward Jul 1992

An Analysis Of Elementary School Teachers Attitudes Toward The Integration Of Mildly Disabled Students Into The Regular Classroom, Felicia Gail Ward

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

This study examined the expressed attitudes of regular classroom teachers towards the mainstreaming of exceptional students into their classrooms.

The results indicate that there is a significant difference between the expressed attitudes of regular classroom teachers. Results further indicate that sex and the number of special education courses completed are variables that influence attitude.


The Web, Francis L. Olson Jul 1992

The Web, Francis L. Olson

Morehead State Theses and Dissertations

A thesis presented to the faculty of the College of Arts and Sciences at Morehead State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts in English by Francis L. Olson in July of 1992.


A Descriptive Study Of The Development And Validation Of A Curriculum Development Process For Occupational Therapy In An Institution Of Higher Education, Alfred G. Bracciano Jun 1992

A Descriptive Study Of The Development And Validation Of A Curriculum Development Process For Occupational Therapy In An Institution Of Higher Education, Alfred G. Bracciano

Dissertations

This was a descriptive study of a curriculum development process for occupational therapy at Saginaw Valley State University in Michigan. A four-stage process was designed and documented. These stages included: (1) feasibility , (2) curriculum design and development, (3) review and evaluation-validation for each component, and (4 ) implementation stage.

The study was conducted to develop a curriculum development process that was academically appropriate for occupational therapy programs for institutions of higher education and which met identified needs as set forth by the feasibility study and the American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA), Division of Education. Further, the study undertook to valid ate ...


The Extent To Which The Career Guidance And Counseling Component Is Addressed In The Administration Of Tech Prep Programs, Linda Joan Kwasny Jun 1992

The Extent To Which The Career Guidance And Counseling Component Is Addressed In The Administration Of Tech Prep Programs, Linda Joan Kwasny

Dissertations

This study examined the career guidance and counseling component of tech prep projects that were being planned and implemented in Michigan during the 1990-91 school year. A survey was conducted of all eleven consortia operating funded tech prep projects to determine the involvement of secondary and post-secondary guidance professionals in tech prep planning, the extent of articulation of guidance services for regular and special populations tech prep students, and the nature and extent of the career guidance and counseling programs that were being planned for regular and special populations students.

The findings from this study indicate that for secondary and ...


Stability Of Wisc-R Scores Between Triennial Evaluations Of Learning Disabled Students, Norman J. Wozny Jun 1992

Stability Of Wisc-R Scores Between Triennial Evaluations Of Learning Disabled Students, Norman J. Wozny

Student Work

Recent studies of intelligence test score stability among learning disabled children have reported adequate stability when correlational and analysis of variance (ANOVA) techniques were used. However, less than adequate score stability has been found when individual scores were examined. The present study explores the test-retest stability of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-R) using three statistical methods: Pearson product-moment correlation, analysis of variance, and an examination of individual scores. Regression to the mean is also examined. While reasonably high levels of stability are concluded by the Pearson product-moment correlations, significant drops in Verbal and Full Scale IQ scores between ...


Bridging The Skills Gap: Employers’ Needs Vs. Vocational Education Students’ Perceived Capabilities, Barbara Ann Riley Jun 1992

Bridging The Skills Gap: Employers’ Needs Vs. Vocational Education Students’ Perceived Capabilities, Barbara Ann Riley

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine the perceived worker qualities of vocational education students who have participated in a job training program for at least one year. In addition, this study also endeavored to reveal what these students rated as the five most important worker qualities needed for their future employment.

Sixty high school students enrolled in the WE-MO-CO Vocational Education and Technological Center participated in this study. This job training program enrolls students from 11 public high schools and two private educational institutions in western Orleans/Monroe County, New York.

A Survey of Worker Qualities was administered ...


Self-Efficacy And Academic Success Of Integrated And Segregated Emotionally Impaired Adolescents, Jerry William Davisson Jun 1992

Self-Efficacy And Academic Success Of Integrated And Segregated Emotionally Impaired Adolescents, Jerry William Davisson

Dissertations

In this study, levels of self-efficacy and levels of academic success of emotionally impaired adolescents in both integrated and segregated settings were analyzed. The data were analyzed to determine if placement setting (integrated or segregated) impact: self-efficiency levels, academic success levels, and the relationship between self-efficiency and academic success.

Subjects were selected from two junior high schools within Macomb County, Michigan. The integrated junior high educated emotionally impaired students with nonimpaired students and the segregated junior high educated emotionally impaired students with only other emotionally impaired students. Eleven students from the integrated junior high and 28 students from the segregated ...


The Financial Implications Of School District Consolidation In Michigan, William P. Letarte Jun 1992

The Financial Implications Of School District Consolidation In Michigan, William P. Letarte

Dissertations

The consolidation of public school districts in Michigan has again become an issue with the state legislature with the introduction of Senate Bill 570 of 1989 and Senate Bill 344 of 1991, both of which have proposed a reduction in the number of school districts to a maximum of 200 and a minimum size of 2,000 students per district. The last major legislative initiative in Michigan was from 1960 to 1970 when the number of public school districts was reduced from 2,149 to 638.

The purpose of this study was to develop a model of school district reorganization ...


A Study Of Cooperative Learning At The High School Level, Lisabeth S. Margulus Jun 1992

A Study Of Cooperative Learning At The High School Level, Lisabeth S. Margulus

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to answer the following research questions:

1. Which teacher skills are necessary to implement effective teamwork in a classroom?

2. What kind of learning environment is optimal for implementing effective teamwork in a classroom?

3. In classrooms using teamwork, does greater student achievement occur than in classrooms not using teamwork?

The study outlined the specific teacher skills and described the optimal learning environment for implementing cooperative strategies in high school classrooms. To address the third question , an experimental study was conducted in which sixty-four 10th-,11th-, and 12th-grade Business Applications and Technology students in ...


Cross Cultural Study: A Comparative Analysis Of Information Content Of Thai And U. S. Television Advertising, Aree Waeochan May 1992

Cross Cultural Study: A Comparative Analysis Of Information Content Of Thai And U. S. Television Advertising, Aree Waeochan

Morehead State Theses and Dissertations

A thesis presented to the faculty of the College of Arts and Sciences at Morehead State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts in Communications by Aree Waeochan on May 21, 1992.


Intensive Esl Course Performance As A Predictor Of Academic Success, Coleman South May 1992

Intensive Esl Course Performance As A Predictor Of Academic Success, Coleman South

Dissertations and Theses

In order to determine the reliability of international students' English as a Second Language (ESL) class performance as a predictor of academic performance, a population of 169 international students at Portland State University (PSU) in Portland, Oregon were selected and statistical tests were performed on their GPAs and TOEFL scores. Individual students' GPAs were computed for all ESL classes taken and for each component--grammar, reading, writing, and speaking/listening--as well as for the end of the first quarter, first year, and second year of academic study. Pearson Coefficient Correlations were then computed for the ESL and academic GPAs. The students ...


Mathematical Problem Solving: Changing Students' Attitudes Through The Use Of Heuristics, Lori Fulton May 1992

Mathematical Problem Solving: Changing Students' Attitudes Through The Use Of Heuristics, Lori Fulton

Honors Theses

Current research indicates that "...the teaching of problem solving is regarded by many as the most important and fundamental goal of school mathematics instruction" (Silver & Thompson, 1984). The fact that problem solving is considered a goal of mathematics instruction leads this writer to believe that the methodology involved should also be examined. In order to have successful programs both the teachers and the students must feel comfortable working with the problems. Past experience has made this writer aware that often this is not the case.


Deliberate Response Falsification On Corresponding Subtests Of Two Tests Of Intelligence: Indicators For Simulating Mental Retardation, Denis William Keyes May 1992

Deliberate Response Falsification On Corresponding Subtests Of Two Tests Of Intelligence: Indicators For Simulating Mental Retardation, Denis William Keyes

Special Education ETDs

Among concerns inherent in psychological testing is the possibility that examinees might perform less than accurately or honestly when responding to test items (Lezak, 1983). In context of some legal proceedings, individuals may stand to gain by performing poorly on physiological tests (Anastasti, 1988). For example, defendants could attempt to falsify their answers to impersonate an individual with mental retardation for the purpose of raising issues of incompetence to stand trial, nonresponsibility, or mitigation. In some states, a finding of mental retardation may mean the difference between a life sentence and execution for a defendant convicted of a capital crime ...


Personal Values, Work Values, And Job Interests Of Nursing Students, Stella Beach Bellarts May 1992

Personal Values, Work Values, And Job Interests Of Nursing Students, Stella Beach Bellarts

Dissertations and Theses

The purposes of this study were to (1) describe the personal values and work values of nursing students in the last year of their present educational preparation, (2) to investigate the relationships between values, both personal and work, and selected demographic variables (type of educational institution, present educational preparation, job interests, and age), and (3) to examine the correlations between students' personal values and work values. Using the Profile of Life Values (PLV) and the Ohio Work Values Inventory (OWVI) , the personal and work values of 452 student nurses were examined, first as a total sample for means and standard ...


New York State Migrant Education Program And Its Impact On Students In The Brockport Tutorial Outreach Project, Dolly Jackson-Williams May 1992

New York State Migrant Education Program And Its Impact On Students In The Brockport Tutorial Outreach Project, Dolly Jackson-Williams

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In spite of their problems the Migrant Education Program still provides effective assistance to the migrant population. It is surprising to note that many educators have no knowledge of the lifestyle and the educational process that the migrant students have to contend, in order to receive an appropriate education. Sadly, many educators do not know how to address the academic needs of the migrant students in their classroom. Because of this lack of knowledge, the special needs of the migrant child go unmet. Conversely, when a teacher knows he/she has a migrant child in class and sets out to ...