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Full-Text Articles in Education

Social Activity Among Sociology Alumni, Dawn June Riddle Jan 1992

Social Activity Among Sociology Alumni, Dawn June Riddle

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Relationship Between The Content And Quality Of Ex-Spousal Interactions And The Adjustment Of Stepchildren: An Exploratory Study, Bradley Lawrence Elison Jan 1992

The Relationship Between The Content And Quality Of Ex-Spousal Interactions And The Adjustment Of Stepchildren: An Exploratory Study, Bradley Lawrence Elison

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between ex-spousal interactions following remarriage and the behavioral and emotional adjustment of stepchildren. The subjects for the study were volunteers and were recruited for the study either through The PACES Family Counseling Center at The College of William and Mary or through a networking sampling procedure. The study participants included stepchildren between the ages of 8 and 16, and their residential biological parents.;Thirty-one stepchild/biological-parent pairs participated in the study by completing a series of questionnaires relevant to ex-spousal interactions and children's adjustment. Ex-spousal interactions were assessed using ...


Adequate And Appropriate Intelligence Testing Of Moderately Mentally Retarded Children, Nancy Lynn Robertson Orrison Jan 1992

Adequate And Appropriate Intelligence Testing Of Moderately Mentally Retarded Children, Nancy Lynn Robertson Orrison

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The intelligence of moderately mentally retarded (MR) children is difficult to assess because they often have concurrent physical or sensory impairments which adversely affect their test performance. The purpose of this study was to determine if necessary adaptations are made when assessing children who are moderately MR for educational placement in the State of Virginia.;A survey was sent to public school psychologists in the State of Virginia as identified by the 1990-91 roster obtained from the Virginia Department of Education. The survey inquired as to their normal methods of intelligence testing used with the moderately mentally retarded population. The ...


The Relationship Between Teacher Verbal Feedback, Aptitude, And Academic Intrinsic Motivation, Ann Jenkins Wickwire Jan 1992

The Relationship Between Teacher Verbal Feedback, Aptitude, And Academic Intrinsic Motivation, Ann Jenkins Wickwire

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between academic intrinsic motivation and positive teacher verbal feedback, negative teacher verbal feedback, and student aptitude for academic work. The research questions evolved from the Cognitive Evaluation Theory of Edward Deci (Deci & Ryan, 1985) in which intrinsic motivation develops out of a sense of competence and self-determination. In that teacher verbal feedback to students provide messages about academic competence, it was hypothesized that positive verbal feedback would enhance intrinsic motivation and negative verbal feedback would be detrimental to intrinsic motivation.;The subjects for the study were 368 fourth and fifth grade students. Student academic intrinsic motivation was measured by a questionnaire developed by Harter (1981). Aptitude was assessed with the Cognitive Abilities Test (Thorndike & Hagen, 1985). Negative and positive teacher verbal feedback reactions were determined by classroom observers who coded all teacher verbal feedback reactions to the students in accordance with the observation system developed by Brophy and Good (1969). Through factor analysis the positive feedback factor and the negative feedback factor were formed from the verbal feedback categories loading with those factors.;Results revealed that both aptitude and positive verbal feedback correlate positively with academic intrinsic motivation. Aptitude for school work, positive verbal feedback, and grade ...


White Students' Racial Attitudes And Racial Identity Development In A Liberal Arts Environment, Mary Hornback Glisan Jan 1992

White Students' Racial Attitudes And Racial Identity Development In A Liberal Arts Environment, Mary Hornback Glisan

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to document the racial attitudes and racial identity development scores of White students in a liberal arts environment. of particular interest was gender differences, classification differences, and Greek/nonGreek affiliation differences. Furthermore, an effort was made to predict the racial attitude and racial identity development scores using self-report biographical variables.;The College of William and Mary, a public liberal arts university was the institution studied for this project. A stratified random sample was obtained of all White students attending the College. Participants completed the White Racial Identity Attitude Survey (WRIAS), the Racial Attitude and ...


The Use Of Humor To Relieve Stress In Psychiatric Nurses, Joanne Kwandt Jan 1992

The Use Of Humor To Relieve Stress In Psychiatric Nurses, Joanne Kwandt

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of humor as a coping mechanism to relieve work stress of psychiatric registered nurses (RNs).;The population was selected from 31 volunteer RNs who worked thirty-two to forty hours a week in psychiatric hospitals in the Norfolk-Tidewater-Williamsburg-Richmond areas of Virginia. The RNs completed three pretest self-report measurements on stress. The Social Readiness Rating Scale (SRRS) was given to assess preexisting life stress. The Work Environment Scale (WES), and the Psychiatric Nurses' Occupational Stress Scales (PNOSS) were given to measure for pre-treatment work stress.;The RNs were then randomly assigned to ...


Anger And Type-Related Coping Resources In The Experience Of Adult Survivors Of Incest, Kathleen M. Giles Jan 1992

Anger And Type-Related Coping Resources In The Experience Of Adult Survivors Of Incest, Kathleen M. Giles

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine from a group of ending stage of treatment or post-treatment incest survivors their experience with anger before therapy, during therapy, and at present, using semi-structured interviews and the following objective measures: STAXI--State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory (Spielberger, 1988), CRI--Coping Resources Inventory (Hammer and Marting, 1988), MBTI--Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (Myers and McCaulley, 1985), a researcher-constructed outcome measure (a visual analog scale of awareness of feelings and symptom improvement) and a researcher-constructed Type-Related Anger questionnaire. Subjects who volunteered to participate in the study were 45 adult female (average 38 years old) survivors of childhood incest ...


The Relationship Among Professional Recommendations, Certification Standards And Preservice Program Requirements In Early Childhood Special Education, Lisa Gaye Fore Jan 1992

The Relationship Among Professional Recommendations, Certification Standards And Preservice Program Requirements In Early Childhood Special Education, Lisa Gaye Fore

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among competencies recommended by the Division for Early Childhood of the Council for Exceptional Children (DEC/CEC), state requirements for teacher certification, and college and university personnel preparation program requirements for educators working with children with disabilities from birth-5 years of age. The study included all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The groups of subjects interviewed by phone consisted of state Part H coordinators, department of education staff, and college and university professors from early childhood education (ECSE) programs.;Overall the results indicate an increase in the number ...


The Organizational Culture Of The Academic Department: A Case Study Of A Department Of Biological Sciences, Martha Anne Smith Jan 1992

The Organizational Culture Of The Academic Department: A Case Study Of A Department Of Biological Sciences, Martha Anne Smith

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to examine theories of organizational culture typically applied to the university level of organization and their applicability to the academic department. Chaffee and Tierney's (1988) theory of organizational culture, dimensions of culture, and leadership strategies became the basis for a qualitative case study of a Department of Biological Sciences in a metropolitan university.;Interviews of current faculty members, current and former deans, and other administrators were conducted. Observations were made of faculty meetings and retreats and of departmental governance committee meetings. Extensive review of documents and correspondence covering more that twenty years provided ...


Special Education Complaint Management: A National Profile, Elizabeth C. Yaryan Jan 1992

Special Education Complaint Management: A National Profile, Elizabeth C. Yaryan

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Special education complaint management is federally mandated with regulations promulgated in the Education Department General Administrative Regulations. Despite these federal regulations, little attention and no research has ever focused on this area. Special education complaint management systems have access to valuable information necessary for thorough compliance monitoring and this information should be used to benefit children requiring special education services.;This study examined special education complaint management systems and complaint issues in each of the 50 states in the United States, the District of Columbia, the territories, and the Department of Defense Schools. State level complaint managers were asked to ...


The Efficacy Of Special Education Services For Students With Learning Disabilities: A Longitudinal Study, Madeline N. Sobczak Jan 1992

The Efficacy Of Special Education Services For Students With Learning Disabilities: A Longitudinal Study, Madeline N. Sobczak

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to examine the achievement of students with specific learning disabilities over a six-year period, from their initial placement in special education until their second triennial evaluation.;The study proposed to look at changes in achievement for the entire sample (n = 103) labeled specific learning disabled, and for three subgroups of this population. The subgroups were: (a) students whose criteria for classification as specific learning disabled included a discrepancy between achievement and their full scale IQ score (n = 74); (b) students whose criteria for classification as specific learning disabled included a discrepancy between achievement and ...


A Study Of Teachers' Instructional Planning As Revealed By An Analysis Of Objectives, Strategies And Indicators Of Student Achievement, Barbara Sewell Davis Jan 1992

A Study Of Teachers' Instructional Planning As Revealed By An Analysis Of Objectives, Strategies And Indicators Of Student Achievement, Barbara Sewell Davis

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate teachers' planning through an analysis of objectives, strategies, and indicators of student achievement to answer six research questions. The questions were related to the following topics: congruence of content in objectives and congruence of the types of assessment among teachers in school systems using the same textbook; levels of student behavior indicated in the teachers' objectives; the types of strategies and activities used to implement the objectives; the types of indicators of student achievement selected by teachers; and, the levels at which test items were written as related to the levels of ...


Aids And The Academic Community: A Study In University Governance, Ann Dinius Jan 1992

Aids And The Academic Community: A Study In University Governance, Ann Dinius

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the policy making process used in a higher education institution with an academic health center when dealing with social justice issues. How the policy group was constituted, the components of the policy, and policy implementation and oversight issues were included. An attempt was also made to explore factors which could facilitate or impede the policy making process.;The development of an AIDS policy at Virginia Commonwealth University served as the case study. This institution, with one of the ten largest academic health centers in the United States, is a state-supported urban research ...


Alumni As Givers: An Analysis Of Donor-Nondonor Behavior At A Comprehensive I Institution, Linda Faye Burgess-Getts Jan 1992

Alumni As Givers: An Analysis Of Donor-Nondonor Behavior At A Comprehensive I Institution, Linda Faye Burgess-Getts

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

There has been limited research published about the characteristics of alumni donors in higher education. The majority of the research that has been done focused on large universities, consequently, such research findings may not be generalizable to smaller institutions.;The purpose of this study was to determine to what extent selected demographic, academic, behavioral, and attitudinal variables would discriminate between donors and nondonors in a smaller college or university such as a Comprehensive I institution.;Data for the study were gathered through a questionnaire mailed to a simple random sample of 300 alumni of a Comprehensive I institution. A 72 ...


An Analysis Of The National War College, Thom H. Terwilliger Jan 1992

An Analysis Of The National War College, Thom H. Terwilliger

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The higher education's voluntary system of self-regulation is the accreditation process which recognizes institutions and their degrees with an established level of performance, integrity, and quality entitling them to the confidence of the educational community and the public they serve.;It was hypothesized that if the National War College fits the model of a professional school and volunteers to seek accreditation, then the benefits of the accreditation process will provide for an enhanced program and successful accreditation will enhance the professional status of the National War College in the higher education community.;In addition to the hypothesis, the study ...


A Study Of The Relationship Of Territoriality And Teacher Sense Of Efficacy To Job Satisfaction Of Elementary School Teachers, Barbara Elizabeth Smith Jan 1992

A Study Of The Relationship Of Territoriality And Teacher Sense Of Efficacy To Job Satisfaction Of Elementary School Teachers, Barbara Elizabeth Smith

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Purpose. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of teachers' perceptions of territoriality and sense of efficacy to job satisfaction.;Method. A sample of 350 public school elementary teachers teaching in Virginia was selected to complete four instruments. The Teacher Territory Questionnaire was used to measure three factors, including control of resources, responsibility for students, and openness of teaching. The Teacher Efficacy Scale measured two efficacy factors, personal efficacy and teaching efficacy. Job satisfaction was measured by the facet scores of the Job Descriptive Index and the global score of the Job in General scale. Demographic data ...


A Validity Study Of The Control/Nurture Dimensions Of The Sale-Hendren Model Of Structural Family Therapy, Robert George Mahan Jan 1992

A Validity Study Of The Control/Nurture Dimensions Of The Sale-Hendren Model Of Structural Family Therapy, Robert George Mahan

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to validate a model of Structural Family Therapy promulgated by M. S. Sale and Thomas Hendren and in use by many public agencies in the Commonwealths of Virginia and North Carolina since 1981.;The Newport News Department of Social Services was chosen as the main site for the investigation as this author had learned the model while working there; and at the time the research began, all social workers at the agency were being trained in the model. Many middle to lower class SES clients were receiving SFT at the time for a variety ...


Helping First-Year College Students Climb The Academic Ladder: Report Of A National Survey Of Freshman Seminar Programming In American Higher Education, Betsy Overman Barefoot Jan 1992

Helping First-Year College Students Climb The Academic Ladder: Report Of A National Survey Of Freshman Seminar Programming In American Higher Education, Betsy Overman Barefoot

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate a contemporary curricular phenomenon in freshman education: the freshman seminar. By means of a survey instrument mailed to all regionally accredited American colleges and universities enrolling over 100 students, this study investigated the nature and current numbers of freshman seminars with respect to the five most common forms of this course--the extended orientation seminar, the academic seminar with common content across sections, the academic seminar with content that varies by section, the professional seminar, and the basic study skills seminar.;Similarities and differences between seminar types were reported in terms of goals ...


Leadership Development In Higher Education For Public Health, Grace Peak Erickson Jan 1992

Leadership Development In Higher Education For Public Health, Grace Peak Erickson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The dearth of public health leadership and lack of leadership development in higher education for public health, reported by the Institute of Medicine Committee for the Study of the Future of Public Health, prompted this study of leadership perspectives in schools of public health and the practices and behaviors of contemporary public health leaders and their followers. Ambiguity between management and leadership was evident. Academic responders identified transactional leadership roles and relationships more often than those of transformational leadership. Leader and follower ratings of leader performance were most often 'moderate' indicating that leaders sometimes or fairly often exhibit exemplary leadership ...


Peer Influence Within The Student Residential Environment: The Effectiveness Of Educational Crime Prevention Programming, Stephen Damian Bisese Jan 1992

Peer Influence Within The Student Residential Environment: The Effectiveness Of Educational Crime Prevention Programming, Stephen Damian Bisese

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Recent instances of campus crime, government intervention, increased media attention, and significant public concern has caused widespread institutional reaction to the issue of campus crime. The purpose of this study was to measure the effectiveness of two types of educational, proactive, crime prevention programs implemented in the residential setting. The two programs evaluated were crime prevention seminars conducted by campus safety and residential life personnel and the periodic distribution of crime prevention literature within the residential environment. The author hoped to concentrate on filling the research deficiency in the area of actual effectiveness of the preventive, educational crime prevention programs ...


Metaphors We Make Schools By: The Debate On Schools Of Choice, Stephanie Marie Mcconachie Jan 1992

Metaphors We Make Schools By: The Debate On Schools Of Choice, Stephanie Marie Mcconachie

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Donald Schon (1979) in his article, "Generative Metaphor: A Perspective on Problem-Setting on Social Policy," noted that the main difficulty of analyzing social policy was defining how the problem was "set." By "set" he meant the depiction of "what needs fixing" in the metaphors generated from a troublesome situation. Consequently, for Schon, evaluating social policy meant evaluating not the answer but the question. This dissertation, likewise, has focused on the question, the metaphors which underlay the setting of problems concerning the public policy of schools of choice.;Using the work of cognitive linguists George Lakoff and Mark Johnson, I identified ...


Reducing Teachers' Levels Of Stress: A Comparison Of Two Counseling Treatment Models, Andrew Charles Elgort Jan 1992

Reducing Teachers' Levels Of Stress: A Comparison Of Two Counseling Treatment Models, Andrew Charles Elgort

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Teachers are experiencing heightened levels of stress throughout the school day the impact of which may be seen in increased absenteeism, turnover, poor performance and waste. This study taught classroom teachers cognitive-behavioral methods to reduce and manage their professional stress comparing a Group Counseling (GC) approach with a Cooperative Professional Development (CPD) approach.;Participating classroom teachers were randomly selected for each treatment condition. The participants in the GC approach met for ten 2-hour consecutive weekly sessions. The CPD treatment initially met as a group for a {dollar}6{lcub}1\over2{rcub}{dollar} hour inservice. at the end of the ...


Selected Personality Characteristics As Correlates Of Effective School Principals, Elizabeth Jean Shahmouradian Jan 1992

Selected Personality Characteristics As Correlates Of Effective School Principals, Elizabeth Jean Shahmouradian

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to examine selected personality characteristics of commitment, control, and challenge as correlates of effective school principals. Twenty-five Directors of Personnel were selected to identify 100 effective school principals. Two to eight principals rated as effective were selected for this research from each of the 25 school systems throughout the Commonwealth of Virginia. It was hypothesized that there is a correlation between selected identified personality characteristics and principals rated as more effective by personnel directors. It was concluded that the selected personality characteristics of commitment, control, and challenge are not correlates of effective principals and ...


Creating A Tradition: Early Campus Planning At Hampton Institute, 1868-1893, Susan Hicks Jones Jan 1992

Creating A Tradition: Early Campus Planning At Hampton Institute, 1868-1893, Susan Hicks Jones

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The goal of this study was to explore the beginnings of higher education for freed slaves after the Civil War as reflected in the development of the built environment of one of the earliest and most prominent of the historically Black colleges, Hampton Institute. The main purpose was to study the way in which campus planning was implemented at Hampton, its intentions and effects. The study had three hypotheses: (1) a master plan for the development of the campus of Hampton Institute was created by its founder, (2) this master plan was followed by the administration and builders during the ...


A Study Of Programs Designed To Stimulate Students' Independent Reading, Elizabeth K. Welsh Jan 1992

A Study Of Programs Designed To Stimulate Students' Independent Reading, Elizabeth K. Welsh

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine what types of programs designed to stimulate students' independent reading were being utilized or had been utilized in the past five years in the Commonwealth of Virginia. This descriptive study examined how such programs were selected, implemented, and evaluated plus business involvement and incentives.;The sample consisted of 102 or 77% of the 132 school divisions whose superintendents had an original and confidential survey completed and returned.;of the 367 programs, Pizza Hut's accounted for 87% and SSR for 78%. A literature search or a professional journal influenced the selection of ...


A Study Of Student Attrition At A Small, Rural Community College: A Test Of The Bean And Metzner Model, Alan Michael Harris Jan 1992

A Study Of Student Attrition At A Small, Rural Community College: A Test Of The Bean And Metzner Model, Alan Michael Harris

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to test the Bean and Metzner Model of Nontraditional Student Attrition (1985) in a small, rural community college environment. The influence of selected sets of background, environmental, and academic variables from the model were tested, in addition to, the individual variables contained within each set. The differences between the persister and nonpersister groups were examined by variables.;Data was collected via the Student Entry Questionnaire and the Student Questionnaire. Everyone who came in for placement testing at Paul D. Camp Community College during the fall of 1991 (n = 148) completed the Student Entry Questionnaire ...


An Evaluation Of Personality-Environmental Factors Related To Job Satisfaction Of Secondary School Natural Science Teachers, George Newton Deshazo Jan 1992

An Evaluation Of Personality-Environmental Factors Related To Job Satisfaction Of Secondary School Natural Science Teachers, George Newton Deshazo

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among certain personality traits, vocational interests, and demographic factors with job satisfaction among secondary school natural science teachers. Implications for future research and educational practice were explored.;Volunteers teaching secondary school natural science classes in seven Virginia public school districts primarily in the Hampton Rhodes area were subjects for this study. Subjects completed the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, the Vocational Preference Inventory, The Job Descriptive Index, and a biographical informational questionnaire.;It was hypothesized that (1) there would be a positive correlation between the predominant basic preference, INTJ, and job satisfaction ...


An Analysis Of Virginia School Psychologists' Decisions Relative To Assessment Profiles And Recommended Handicapping Condition, Brian Alan Keith Jan 1992

An Analysis Of Virginia School Psychologists' Decisions Relative To Assessment Profiles And Recommended Handicapping Condition, Brian Alan Keith

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the classification congruency of Virginia school psychologists as it related to assessment profile analysis and, additionally, to examine assessment instrument rankings and demographic variables when classifying targeted handicapping conditions. The targeted conditions were learning disability, educable mentally handicapped, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder/attentional problems.;The seventy-two certified Virginia school psychologists who participated in the study were each mailed identical packets containing a letter of explanation, demographic questionnaire, the test profiles for each of the handicapping conditions, and a profile for a non-handicapped child.;The data were analyzed using a discriminant analysis ...


A Study Of Core Special Education Competencies Needed For Public School Building Administrators, Joanne Yarbrough Carver Jan 1992

A Study Of Core Special Education Competencies Needed For Public School Building Administrators, Joanne Yarbrough Carver

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

As manager and instructional leader of the school, the principal is responsible for the well-being of all programs, including the provision of general and special education services for children and youth with disabilities. However, the intricacies of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, P.L. 101-476, coupled with the complexity of the building administrator's role in contemporary educational settings, result in a need to assist principals in keeping abreast of key information regarding special education. A core set of special education competencies, based on clearly defined areas and identified by the principal and other key stakeholders responsible for preservice ...


A Study Of Battered Women Utilizing The California Psychological Inventory-Revised, The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, The Constructive Thinking Inventory And The Demographic Variable Of "Times Previously Separated", Martha Miller Grenier Jan 1992

A Study Of Battered Women Utilizing The California Psychological Inventory-Revised, The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, The Constructive Thinking Inventory And The Demographic Variable Of "Times Previously Separated", Martha Miller Grenier

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The problem of most shelters is that they have very limited resources. In addition, space is at a premium in most shelters. Optimum employment of these limited resources is paramount. Since leaving the abusive relationship appears to be a process, it would be extremely useful to shelter managers and counselors alike if there were a way to ascertain which women were ready to leave the abusive relationship and which women were not.;Using the scales of Dominance, Independence, and Feminine/Masculine from the California Psychological Inventory - Revised (CPI-R), the scales of Emotional Coping, Behavioral Coping, and Naive Optimism from the ...