Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1992

Theses/Dissertations

Teacher Education and Professional Development

Institution
Keyword
Publication

Articles 1 - 30 of 57

Full-Text Articles in Education

Preschool Teachers’ Stated Approaches To Imaginary Companion Behavior Among Preschool Students, Sharon Rose Stevens Dec 1992

Preschool Teachers’ Stated Approaches To Imaginary Companion Behavior Among Preschool Students, Sharon Rose Stevens

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the responses of preschool teachers toward students with imaginary companions, in particular, their reactions to situations involving imaginary companions in the classroom settings.

Past research has focused on reflections of individuals who have had imaginary companions in childhood. Professional attitudes toward these children have ranged from very positive to suggestive of mental illness, requiring treatment.

The subjects were 27 female preschool teachers currently teaching nursery school in the western New York region. Eight hypothetical imaginary companion scenarios were devised. Each scenario was comprised of three to five short sentences. Subjects responded to ...


The Impact Of Site-Based Management On Perceived Roles Of Superintendents, Board Chairpersons, Principals And Selected Central Office Personnel In Tennessee School Systems, Narvia D. Haywood Dec 1992

The Impact Of Site-Based Management On Perceived Roles Of Superintendents, Board Chairpersons, Principals And Selected Central Office Personnel In Tennessee School Systems, Narvia D. Haywood

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The introduction of site-based management has had an impact on the operation of school systems in Tennessee; however no one seems to know for certain what that impact was. Findings from this study revealed that there is a basic understanding of the impact of site-based management as perceived by superintendents, board chairpersons, principals, personnel, budget, curriculum, and staff development administrators. Findings also revealed that central office staff and principals, for the most part, perceive that the superintendents and board chairpersons were supportive of site-based management programs. One hundred and eighty-one educators, including board chairpersons, responded to a fifty-four item questionnaire ...


An Analysis Of Student Math Scores Based Upon Teacher Training In The Instructional Theory Into Practice Model, Martha O'Kray Dec 1992

An Analysis Of Student Math Scores Based Upon Teacher Training In The Instructional Theory Into Practice Model, Martha O'Kray

Dissertations

The main purpose of this study was to determine if teacher participation in Instructional Theory Into Practice (ITIP , Hunter, 1978) training resulted in any difference in student achievement. Student outcomes were measured by scores received on the district's Exit Level Mathematics Test (Roseville Community Schools, 1986).

The study took place in Roseville Community Schools. Six hundred forty-nine students and 32 teachers in Grades 3, 4, and 5 participated.

Fourteen teacher observations were included to confirm the appropriateness and frequency of ITIP strategies in classroom instruction. Observers using the Instructional S kills Observation Instrument (ISOI, Wolfe, 1984) scored non-ITIP-trained teachers ...


The Effects Of Retention In Elementary School On Subsequent Academic Performance And Instructional Practices, Janie H. Snyder Dec 1992

The Effects Of Retention In Elementary School On Subsequent Academic Performance And Instructional Practices, Janie H. Snyder

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of retention on the academic performance of students retained in the third and fifth grade during the 1985-86 school year. A follow up study was used to analyze changes in academic test results. Another purpose was to interview teachers who had retained students and teachers who had taught the children the next school year to determine what changes occurred in instructional practices. Forty retained students of Northeast Tennessee were matched according to sex and similar scaled scores on the Stanford Achievement Test. Scores were compared by grade and by year ...


Self-Concepts Of Career Level Ii And Iii Teachers And Career Ladder Eligible Teachers In The Public Schools Of Tennessee, Lois C. Myers Dec 1992

Self-Concepts Of Career Level Ii And Iii Teachers And Career Ladder Eligible Teachers In The Public Schools Of Tennessee, Lois C. Myers

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is a significant difference in the self concept of Career Level II and III teachers and teachers who are eligible to apply but have not elected to participate in the Career Ladder Program in the public schools of Tennessee. The technique of causal-comparative research was used in this study. The Tennessee Self Concept Scale (TSCS), developed by William Fitts, was selected as the appropriate instrument for use in this study. The TSCS is a versatile instrument that measures ten dimensions related to self concept: total level of self esteem, self ...


The Impact Of Site-Based Management On Perceived Roles Of Superintendents, Board Chairpersons, Principals And Selected Central Office Personnel In Tennessee School Systems, Narvia D. Haywood Dec 1992

The Impact Of Site-Based Management On Perceived Roles Of Superintendents, Board Chairpersons, Principals And Selected Central Office Personnel In Tennessee School Systems, Narvia D. Haywood

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The introduction of site-based management has had an impact on the operation of school systems in Tennessee; however no one seems to know for certain what that impact was. Findings from this study revealed that there is a basic understanding of the impact of site-based management as perceived by superintendents, board chairpersons, principals, personnel, budget, curriculum, and staff development administrators. Findings also revealed that central office staff and principals, for the most part, perceive that the superintendents and board chairpersons were supportive of site-based management programs. One hundred and eighty-one educators, including board chairpersons, responded to a fifty-four item questionnaire ...


A Study Of Cooperative Learning At The High School Level, Lisabeth S. Margulus Jun 1992

A Study Of Cooperative Learning At The High School Level, Lisabeth S. Margulus

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to answer the following research questions:

1. Which teacher skills are necessary to implement effective teamwork in a classroom?

2. What kind of learning environment is optimal for implementing effective teamwork in a classroom?

3. In classrooms using teamwork, does greater student achievement occur than in classrooms not using teamwork?

The study outlined the specific teacher skills and described the optimal learning environment for implementing cooperative strategies in high school classrooms. To address the third question , an experimental study was conducted in which sixty-four 10th-,11th-, and 12th-grade Business Applications and Technology students in ...


A Regression Model Of The Interactions Between Higher Education And High-Tech Industries In East Tennessee And Southwest Virginia, William H. Blanton May 1992

A Regression Model Of The Interactions Between Higher Education And High-Tech Industries In East Tennessee And Southwest Virginia, William H. Blanton

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the interactions--(1) research grants and contracts, (2) faculty consultation, (3) employee training, (4) student internships and co-ops, (5) universities sharing firm facilities, and (6) firms sharing university facilities--between higher education and high-tech industries in East Tennessee and Southwest Virginia using multiple regression modeling. The purpose of the study was the development of a vision of what the future could be and the strategies to successfully overcome the threats and enrich the opportunities that exist between higher education and high-tech industries. Data were collected from the engineering and engineering technology faculty at Tennessee Technological University, East Tennessee ...


Predictors Of Success On The New York State Earth Science Regents Examination, Elaine Matthews Welch Apr 1992

Predictors Of Success On The New York State Earth Science Regents Examination, Elaine Matthews Welch

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The 1970 New York State Earth Science Regents Syllabus targeted students who displayed a high degree of ability and interest in science. The State Education Department has been reluctant to define exactly what constitutes a higher ability and interest. However it has often been suggested to represent the top 10 to 25% of any given class. This can lead parents and teachers to wonder if there is a factor that can predict a student’s performance. This master thesis examines a number of variables to determine if any of them can be used to help predict the probability of success ...


Teacher Induction: An Investigation Of Factors That Affect First-Year Teachers' Attitudes Toward Their Jobs, John G. Longcore Apr 1992

Teacher Induction: An Investigation Of Factors That Affect First-Year Teachers' Attitudes Toward Their Jobs, John G. Longcore

Dissertations

This study compared specific induction-year support variables that might affect the attitudes that first-year teachers have about their jobs. Forty-eight first-year teachers from randomly selected school districts in western Michigan participated by completing the Teacher Attitude Inventory (TAI) as a pretest-posttest measure. Each participant also submitted a professional activity checklist which determined the level of support they experienced. All subjects were then divided into a high, medium, and low support group to locate any differences in attitude among the groups. No differences in attitude toward their job among the groups was found.


A Comparison Of Junior High Schools To Middle Schools With Respect To Achievement And Attendance, Darrell Clay Apr 1992

A Comparison Of Junior High Schools To Middle Schools With Respect To Achievement And Attendance, Darrell Clay

Dissertations

During the past 30 years, the middle school movement has been a comprehensive effort to restructure middle level education. Literally thousands of school districts have chosen to change from junior high schools to middle schools for a variety of reasons. Research to support this massive reorganization of American schools has not been evident. The early research did not provide consistent evidence of improvement for middle school students. Most of this early research was based solely on the grade configuration of the schools being compared rather than the conceptual framework of the school.

The purpose of this study was to compare ...


Hispanic Student Teachers' Practice Teaching In Cooperative Learning: Two Qualitative Case Studies, Myrna Colon Jan 1992

Hispanic Student Teachers' Practice Teaching In Cooperative Learning: Two Qualitative Case Studies, Myrna Colon

Dissertations

Purpose: A qualitative case study designed to look at two student teachers' practice teaching experiences using cooperative learning was undertaken during the 1990-1991 academic year. The purpose of the study was to gain insight into student teachers' perceptions in translating theory into practice. Joyce's training model of theory, demonstration, and practice with feedback was utilized to train student teachers in cooperative learning in the college and school setting.

The researcher was guided by four major questions: (1) What happens to the cooperative learning model when student teachers practice it in the school setting? (2) What happens to student teachers ...


Sustaining And Impinging Factors On Teaching Satisfaction Of Effective Middle-Level Teachers, Cheryl D. Hoversten Jan 1992

Sustaining And Impinging Factors On Teaching Satisfaction Of Effective Middle-Level Teachers, Cheryl D. Hoversten

Theses and Dissertations @ UNI

The purpose of this study was to identify the ontogeny of effective middle level teachers. The study was a search through their lives, both professional and private, for those elements that they perceived have contributed to their professional development and consequent attitudes and perspectives on teaching.

A sample of 12 teachers was obtained through reputational-case selection, a process by which teachers were nominated by experts on the basis of their professional expertise. All participants were middle level teachers from two Midwestern states who had at least 10 years of teaching experience.

A career history interview, which focused on critical shifts ...


A Gender Analysis Of Teacher Feedback In Coeducational Secondary Physical Education Lessons, Paul R. Watson Jan 1992

A Gender Analysis Of Teacher Feedback In Coeducational Secondary Physical Education Lessons, Paul R. Watson

Theses : Honours

The purpose of this study was to examine whether the verbal feedback distribution patterns of teachers in coeducational secondary physical education lessons were gender equitable. Previous literature indicated that inequality in verbal interaction and feedback existed in coeducational secondary physical education classes. This inequality tended to favour males to the disadvantage of females.

Fourteen lessons by male teachers and fourteen lessons by female teachers were video-recorded. The study utilized a modification of the systematic behaviour observation instrument developed by Siedentop (1983). Data obtained were categorized for analysis and interpretation. Statistical procedures were applied to establish the significance of the findings ...


Biotechnology Research And The Public University: An Assessment Of The Social And Organizational Impacts , William Joseph Kinney Jan 1992

Biotechnology Research And The Public University: An Assessment Of The Social And Organizational Impacts , William Joseph Kinney

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In 1986, the State of Iowa appropriated approximately 17 million to implement a program of biotechnology research and development at Iowa State University. The purpose of the research program was to use state research facilities and staff to develop new technologies that would aid in the State's plan of economic recovery and development. However, the large infusion of public research funding may have had impacts on the university structure that were both unintended and unforseen at the time of the original appropriation;This study utilizes comprehensive records of all university research expenditures for the period 1983/1984-1989/1990, as ...


The Impact Of Incoming Student Characteristics And College Environment On Community College Student Success , Susan Croy Norton Jan 1992

The Impact Of Incoming Student Characteristics And College Environment On Community College Student Success , Susan Croy Norton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to identify incoming student characteristics and college environment variables predictive of student success at North Iowa Area Community College (NIACC). Using the I-E-O model developed by Astin, the researcher investigated input variables of prior academic achievement, gender, race, personality type, age, socio-economic status, and educational goal; environmental variables of full or part time attendance, on or off campus classes, commuter or dormitory residence, major area of study, goal congruence, student involvement, and student satisfaction; and student success measured by self-assessment, grade point average, and ratio of number of hours completed to number of ...


Effects Of Using An Integrated Learning System On Middle School Student Achievement In Reading, Joan Frances Johnson Jan 1992

Effects Of Using An Integrated Learning System On Middle School Student Achievement In Reading, Joan Frances Johnson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Early Mathematics Teaching And Learning In Sudanese Families, Azza Moawia Habib Jan 1992

Early Mathematics Teaching And Learning In Sudanese Families, Azza Moawia Habib

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


An Evaluation Of The Procedures Used To Assess And Remediate The Perceived Writing Difficulties Of Undergraduate Students In The Faculty Of Education At Edith Cowan University, Les Puhl Jan 1992

An Evaluation Of The Procedures Used To Assess And Remediate The Perceived Writing Difficulties Of Undergraduate Students In The Faculty Of Education At Edith Cowan University, Les Puhl

Theses: Doctorates and Masters

The standards of written literacy of teacher-education students at Edith Cowan University are perceived by many staff to be inadequate. The Faculty of Education's response to this perceived inadequacy is to carry out a mandatory skills-based remedial writing programme for students whose literacy competencies are judged to be deficient, The instrument used to assess the students' literacy competencies is the English Skills Assessment test. The students' performances in the various skills which the test purports to measure, also determine the area in which they are given remedial instruction if the results of the test suggest this is necessary. However ...


Staff Development Through The Colloquium Process, Tim Emery Jan 1992

Staff Development Through The Colloquium Process, Tim Emery

Theses: Doctorates and Masters

This study examines the Colloquium which is a professional development process used in Catholic schools. The Colloquium was designed to help people employed in catholic schools renew their vision of care and service to students and to seek to reshape the curriculum to reflect Gospel values more clearly. This thesis was a research evaluation of the Colloquium process and aimed to exploreits effectiveness in te1ms of its impact on the teachers and their work in Catholic schools. The study is based on the theoretical domains of faith development, school improvement end staff development. The design of the study involved before ...


Study Of The High School Principalship: Relationships Of Selected Job Contextual Factors With Principals' Job Satisfaction, Security, Authority, And Challenges , Keith A. Guy Jan 1992

Study Of The High School Principalship: Relationships Of Selected Job Contextual Factors With Principals' Job Satisfaction, Security, Authority, And Challenges , Keith A. Guy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This investigation assesses the relationships of the following variables with Iowa high school principals' level of job satisfaction: (a) size of school, (b) level of authority, (c) threats to job security, and (d) educational issues seen as challenges. Further, relationships between levels of authority, size of school, job security issues, and educational challenges were identified and analyzed. Data for this study were taken from an existing data set using the "Iowa Secondary School Principals' Status and Opinion Study" compiled in 1989 by the School Administrators of Iowa, Iowa State University, and the University of Northern Iowa;The population was all ...


An Interpretive Case Study Of Perceptions And Experiences Of Undergraduate Women In Engineering Majors At Iowa State University , Mildred Annette Haggray Jan 1992

An Interpretive Case Study Of Perceptions And Experiences Of Undergraduate Women In Engineering Majors At Iowa State University , Mildred Annette Haggray

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to describe and analyze the perceptions and experiences of selected undergraduate women in engineering majors at Iowa State University. Using qualitative research methods, the researcher described and analyzed the effects of selected educational environment factors on the persistence of women in engineering majors. Educational environment factors that provided the focus for the study included: classroom climate, interaction with faculty and peers, and internal support systems. Related factors that were examined included: personal fit with the major, academic preparation, and career aspirations, and preferred teaching and learning styles and methodologies. Primary data sources included semi-structured ...


A Case Study Of Inservice Education For Teachers Of Computer Education At The Elementary School Level In Taiwan, Republic Of China , Lih-Jen Jew Jan 1992

A Case Study Of Inservice Education For Teachers Of Computer Education At The Elementary School Level In Taiwan, Republic Of China , Lih-Jen Jew

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to gather the perceptions and the attitudes of elementary school teachers in Taiwan R.O.C. regarding inservice computer education programs. The study also investigated elementary school teachers' attitudes towards content, format, scheduling, and administrative' support of inservice education;Data were collected by way of a survey which was measured using a Likert scale. A proportional, stratified random sampling procedure was used to identify 200 elementary schools from the 2,467 elementary schools in Taiwan. The survey was mailed to principals of sampled schools. Only one teacher from each school was chosen as a ...


An Assessment Of Field-Level Extension Agent Inservice Training Needs Related To The Educational Process As Perceived By Extension Personnel In The Sabah State Department Of Agriculture, Malaysia , Abdul Rahim Awang Jan 1992

An Assessment Of Field-Level Extension Agent Inservice Training Needs Related To The Educational Process As Perceived By Extension Personnel In The Sabah State Department Of Agriculture, Malaysia , Abdul Rahim Awang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was conducted to identify and analyze the training needs of Agricultural Technicians (ATs), the field-level extension agents, in professional competency areas of agricultural extension related to the educational process. The objectives were to: (1) identify inservice training needs of ATs in the identified areas; (2) determine relationships between the perceived training needs of ATs and the training needs of ATs as perceived by extension supervisors; (3) determine relationships between ATs' and extension supervisors' perceived level of importance to extension; (4) investigate the relationships between individual demographic data and the perceived training needs of ATs; (5) identify the preferences ...


The Adaptation Of Afrikan Students To Iowa State University , Tina Marshall-Bradley Jan 1992

The Adaptation Of Afrikan Students To Iowa State University , Tina Marshall-Bradley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Within the past two decades there has been a tremendous increase of Afrikan students in the United States (Arubayi, 1981). Afrikan students at Iowa State University are experiencing difficulty in a variety of areas. Economic problems have always been the most severe difficulty experienced by Afrikan students in the United States (Arubayi, 1981). They also experience difficulty in communicating with Americans, (Pruitt, 1978); feelings of homesickness that can often lead to alcohol abuse (Oshodin, 1982); social problems, (Arubayi, 1981; Teferra, 1978; Adelegan & Parks, 1985; Ekaiko, 1981); and food problems (Hossain, 1982), including preparation and consumption of American foods and the procurement of ...


Junior High School Student Needs Related To Home Economics In Taipei, Taiwan, Republic Of China , Jeou-Shyan Horng Jan 1992

Junior High School Student Needs Related To Home Economics In Taipei, Taiwan, Republic Of China , Jeou-Shyan Horng

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of the study were to: (1) identify junior high school students' perceptions of the importance of home economics competencies and their perceived levels of performing these competencies, (2) identify home economics needs of junior high school students in Taipei as perceived by students, home economics teachers, and experts, and (3) use the findings to make recommendations to the administrators, policy-makers, and teachers for redefining the junior high home economics curriculum in Taiwan, R.O.C;Home economics needs were assessed by questionnaires with sixty-two statements which reflected competencies expected for each subject matter area. Students, home economics teachers ...


The Relationship Between Interest In Teaching As A Career Choice And Perceptions Of School/Classroom Environment Of 7th And 8th Grade Students , Raymond Eng Wong Jan 1992

The Relationship Between Interest In Teaching As A Career Choice And Perceptions Of School/Classroom Environment Of 7th And 8th Grade Students , Raymond Eng Wong

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The teaching profession is being confronted with changing demographics: an increase in the number of students of color and a decrease in the number of teachers of color. The study examines the possibility of a relationship between interest in teaching as a career choice and perception of school/classroom environment of 7th and 8th grade students. Seventh and eighth grade students are an appropriate group for the study as they are in the process of developing career options. Also, students have experienced the school/classroom environment for most of their lives and have developed impressions of schooling and the teaching ...


Community And Campus Culture: Out-Of-Class Involvement At A Midwest Liberal Arts College , Jerry Mark Price Jan 1992

Community And Campus Culture: Out-Of-Class Involvement At A Midwest Liberal Arts College , Jerry Mark Price

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The time students spend outside the classroom "profoundly shapes the form and quality" (Boyer, 1987, pp. 292-293) of their undergraduate experiences. Out-of-class opportunities can challenge students to broaden their educational interests, engage themselves in their own education, and learn to take responsibility for their own actions. Out-of-class opportunities also can enhance growth in students' self-confidence, leadership, empathy, social responsibility, and understanding and appreciation of cultural and intellectual differences. This study examined and described students' out-of-class involvement opportunities at a midwest liberal arts college, as well as the factors and conditions that influence involvement;The methods of inquiry for this study ...


An Analysis Of Nonformal Education Needs Of Rural Women: A One Village Case Study In India , Neela Trivedi Jan 1992

An Analysis Of Nonformal Education Needs Of Rural Women: A One Village Case Study In India , Neela Trivedi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the nonformal education needs of rural women in the sociocultural context of a village in India. Specifically, the objectives of the study were to examine: (1) the physical, social and cultural milieu that determine women's need for and participation in nonformal education; (2) the needs that can be addressed through nonformal education programs; and (3) the perceptions and attitudes of women toward nonformal education;It was assumed that the needs of women are determined by and grow out of the sociocultural context and therefore can be adequately understood only in terms ...


In Search Of The Expert Pedagogue: How Is The Expert Physical Education Teacher Perceived?, Christine Albert Jan 1992

In Search Of The Expert Pedagogue: How Is The Expert Physical Education Teacher Perceived?, Christine Albert

Theses : Honours

Like most professions, teaching needs to be concerned with the notions of expertise and effectiveness. This study aimed to determine how the expert physical education teacher is perceived by pupils, student teachers, and teacher educators. Perceptions were compared and contrasted to identify both areas of discrepancy and consensus with respect to subjects' views of expertise. Subject groups involved in the study consisted of 30 year 10 pupils, 30 student teachers completing a BArts degree majoring in physical education (3rd year), and 28 teacher educators (physical education specific). Perceptions of expertise were determined through the administration of a questionnaire which specifically ...