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Full-Text Articles in Education

Social Activity Among Sociology Alumni, Dawn June Riddle Jan 1992

Social Activity Among Sociology Alumni, Dawn June Riddle

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Self Concept And Family Relations Of American-Lebanese Children: A Descriptive And Comparative Study, Tagrid T. Chartouni Jan 1992

Self Concept And Family Relations Of American-Lebanese Children: A Descriptive And Comparative Study, Tagrid T. Chartouni

Dissertations

Problem. There is a great current need to assist and understand American children, especially minorities, through their familial and cultural backgrounds. The purpose of the study was to examine the Kinetic Family Drawings of American-Lebanese children to gain information about their relationship with other family members while comparing them with American-Caucasian children.

Method. The Kinetic Family Drawing was administered to 150 American-Lebanese, and 150 American-Caucasian, age 4-17, through Christian church-activities in Connecticut and Massachusetts. The data were analyzed by t-tests and analysis of variance.

Results. (1) There are few differences between the family drawings of American-Lebanese males and females either ...


A Validation And Comparative Study Of Kinetic Family Drawings Of Native American Children, Sheryl A. Gregory Jan 1992

A Validation And Comparative Study Of Kinetic Family Drawings Of Native American Children, Sheryl A. Gregory

Dissertations

Problem. Research on how Native American (NA) children draw their families and how perceptions of their families are reflected in their family drawings is lacking. The purpose of the study was (1) to validate the Kinetic Family Drawing (KFD) as an appropriate instrument for use with this population, and (2) to compare Native American and Caucasian children's KFDs.

Method. The KFD and Semantic Differential Scales were administered to 52 Native American children from the Potawatomi and Iroquois tribes, ages 6-14. A matched sample of 104 KFDs of Caucasian children from Southern Michigan was used for comparison. The data were ...


The Relationship Between Attitudes Toward Women, Rape Myth Acceptance, And Sexual Coercive Experiences Of Male And Female Students At Religious And Public Colleges, Lennard Allan Jorgensen Jan 1992

The Relationship Between Attitudes Toward Women, Rape Myth Acceptance, And Sexual Coercive Experiences Of Male And Female Students At Religious And Public Colleges, Lennard Allan Jorgensen

Dissertations

Problem. The purpose of this study was to find the prevalence of sexual coercion and to explore relationships between sexual coercion, attitudes toward women, and rape myth acceptance of men and women on Seventh-day Adventist and public college campuses.

Method. Three scales furnished scores for sexual coercive experiences, attitudes toward women, and rape myth acceptance. Multiple- and step-wise regression analyses were used to discover relationships between attitudes toward women, rape myth acceptance, and religious affiliation, college affiliation and sexual coercion. One-way analysis of variance was used to analyze the influence of age, religious affiliation, college affiliation, religion, type of coercion ...


The Relationship Between The Content And Quality Of Ex-Spousal Interactions And The Adjustment Of Stepchildren: An Exploratory Study, Bradley Lawrence Elison Jan 1992

The Relationship Between The Content And Quality Of Ex-Spousal Interactions And The Adjustment Of Stepchildren: An Exploratory Study, Bradley Lawrence Elison

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between ex-spousal interactions following remarriage and the behavioral and emotional adjustment of stepchildren. The subjects for the study were volunteers and were recruited for the study either through The PACES Family Counseling Center at The College of William and Mary or through a networking sampling procedure. The study participants included stepchildren between the ages of 8 and 16, and their residential biological parents.;Thirty-one stepchild/biological-parent pairs participated in the study by completing a series of questionnaires relevant to ex-spousal interactions and children's adjustment. Ex-spousal interactions were assessed using ...


Family Life Education In The Church Of Jesus Christ Of Latter-Day Saints In The 20th Century: A Historical Review, Ray W. Stringham Jan 1992

Family Life Education In The Church Of Jesus Christ Of Latter-Day Saints In The 20th Century: A Historical Review, Ray W. Stringham

All Theses and Dissertations

This thesis reviewed selected educational literature in almost 350 texts published by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormon) from General Authorities and manuals which included content curriculum in adult family life education; for the adult women's organization (Relief Society); for the men's Melchizedek Priesthood; and for parents instructing their children at home (Family Home Evening).

Topics were ranked by century, according to frequencies of occurrence (FO) in the five major publications. Topics were also summarized by each decade. Tables were provided which summarized the top 40 of 78 topics identified. Recurring Themes suggest family is ...


Biotechnology Research And The Public University: An Assessment Of The Social And Organizational Impacts , William Joseph Kinney Jan 1992

Biotechnology Research And The Public University: An Assessment Of The Social And Organizational Impacts , William Joseph Kinney

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In 1986, the State of Iowa appropriated approximately 17 million to implement a program of biotechnology research and development at Iowa State University. The purpose of the research program was to use state research facilities and staff to develop new technologies that would aid in the State's plan of economic recovery and development. However, the large infusion of public research funding may have had impacts on the university structure that were both unintended and unforseen at the time of the original appropriation;This study utilizes comprehensive records of all university research expenditures for the period 1983/1984-1989/1990, as ...


Early Mathematics Teaching And Learning In Sudanese Families, Azza Moawia Habib Jan 1992

Early Mathematics Teaching And Learning In Sudanese Families, Azza Moawia Habib

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Adaptation Of Afrikan Students To Iowa State University , Tina Marshall-Bradley Jan 1992

The Adaptation Of Afrikan Students To Iowa State University , Tina Marshall-Bradley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Within the past two decades there has been a tremendous increase of Afrikan students in the United States (Arubayi, 1981). Afrikan students at Iowa State University are experiencing difficulty in a variety of areas. Economic problems have always been the most severe difficulty experienced by Afrikan students in the United States (Arubayi, 1981). They also experience difficulty in communicating with Americans, (Pruitt, 1978); feelings of homesickness that can often lead to alcohol abuse (Oshodin, 1982); social problems, (Arubayi, 1981; Teferra, 1978; Adelegan & Parks, 1985; Ekaiko, 1981); and food problems (Hossain, 1982), including preparation and consumption of American foods and the procurement of ...


Assessment Of Sex Equity In Athletics In Illinois Educational Service Center #13 Schools, Wayne C. Scarlett Jan 1992

Assessment Of Sex Equity In Athletics In Illinois Educational Service Center #13 Schools, Wayne C. Scarlett

Masters Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine sex equity compliance and sex equity achievement in athletic programs in grades 5-8 and 9-12 attendance centers in the eight county area served by Illinois Educational Service Center #13. Champaign, Douglas, Ford, Iroquois, Kankakee, Livingston, Piatt, and Vermilion Counties were included in the study. An 18 question survey instrument, keyed to the 1990 Illinois Sex Equity Rules, was sent to building administrators in all attendance centers in the eight county area that contained grades 5-8 and/or 9-12. The survey asked administrators to provide, by grade and gender, numerical information on student ...


Dr. Professor Mommy: Working Mothers' Gender Role Self Images In The University Community, Dawn Renee Krywanio Jan 1992

Dr. Professor Mommy: Working Mothers' Gender Role Self Images In The University Community, Dawn Renee Krywanio

Masters Theses

A common misperception exists that working mothers experience their professional lives differently than other working women. This is often the basis for differential treatment of mothers in the workplace. This thesis describes gender role self image among university women in administration, faculty, and staff positions who are also parents; it relates to professional relationship satisfaction in the workplace. Data were collected through the use of open ended surveys of 185 female employees at Eastern Illinois University, follow up interviews, and a Likert scale survey within the same population. Content analysis of the data and qualitative results are the descriptive basis ...


The Organizational Culture Of The Academic Department: A Case Study Of A Department Of Biological Sciences, Martha Anne Smith Jan 1992

The Organizational Culture Of The Academic Department: A Case Study Of A Department Of Biological Sciences, Martha Anne Smith

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to examine theories of organizational culture typically applied to the university level of organization and their applicability to the academic department. Chaffee and Tierney's (1988) theory of organizational culture, dimensions of culture, and leadership strategies became the basis for a qualitative case study of a Department of Biological Sciences in a metropolitan university.;Interviews of current faculty members, current and former deans, and other administrators were conducted. Observations were made of faculty meetings and retreats and of departmental governance committee meetings. Extensive review of documents and correspondence covering more that twenty years provided ...


A Validity Study Of The Control/Nurture Dimensions Of The Sale-Hendren Model Of Structural Family Therapy, Robert George Mahan Jan 1992

A Validity Study Of The Control/Nurture Dimensions Of The Sale-Hendren Model Of Structural Family Therapy, Robert George Mahan

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to validate a model of Structural Family Therapy promulgated by M. S. Sale and Thomas Hendren and in use by many public agencies in the Commonwealths of Virginia and North Carolina since 1981.;The Newport News Department of Social Services was chosen as the main site for the investigation as this author had learned the model while working there; and at the time the research began, all social workers at the agency were being trained in the model. Many middle to lower class SES clients were receiving SFT at the time for a variety ...


Peer Influence Within The Student Residential Environment: The Effectiveness Of Educational Crime Prevention Programming, Stephen Damian Bisese Jan 1992

Peer Influence Within The Student Residential Environment: The Effectiveness Of Educational Crime Prevention Programming, Stephen Damian Bisese

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Recent instances of campus crime, government intervention, increased media attention, and significant public concern has caused widespread institutional reaction to the issue of campus crime. The purpose of this study was to measure the effectiveness of two types of educational, proactive, crime prevention programs implemented in the residential setting. The two programs evaluated were crime prevention seminars conducted by campus safety and residential life personnel and the periodic distribution of crime prevention literature within the residential environment. The author hoped to concentrate on filling the research deficiency in the area of actual effectiveness of the preventive, educational crime prevention programs ...


A Study Of Student Attrition At A Small, Rural Community College: A Test Of The Bean And Metzner Model, Alan Michael Harris Jan 1992

A Study Of Student Attrition At A Small, Rural Community College: A Test Of The Bean And Metzner Model, Alan Michael Harris

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to test the Bean and Metzner Model of Nontraditional Student Attrition (1985) in a small, rural community college environment. The influence of selected sets of background, environmental, and academic variables from the model were tested, in addition to, the individual variables contained within each set. The differences between the persister and nonpersister groups were examined by variables.;Data was collected via the Student Entry Questionnaire and the Student Questionnaire. Everyone who came in for placement testing at Paul D. Camp Community College during the fall of 1991 (n = 148) completed the Student Entry Questionnaire ...


Changing Attitudes Toward Science And Women In Science: Assessing The Impact Of A Role Model Intervention On Ninth Grade Students , Mary Ann Evans Jan 1992

Changing Attitudes Toward Science And Women In Science: Assessing The Impact Of A Role Model Intervention On Ninth Grade Students , Mary Ann Evans

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation describes the results of a three-day role model intervention. The intervention utilized female scientists and engineers to change the attitudes of ninth grade students toward science and math and toward the role of females in technical careers. A general introduction and literature review describe factors influencing the attitudes and behaviors of adolescent girls toward science and technology. Three papers report the results of the study;In the first paper, we explain the development and testing of an instrument designed to measure ninth grade students' attitudes toward science and math and the role of females in technical careers. The ...


The Adoption Of Soil Conservation Practices In Burkina Faso: The Role Of Indigenous Knowledge, Social Structure And Institutional Support , Basga Emile Dialla Jan 1992

The Adoption Of Soil Conservation Practices In Burkina Faso: The Role Of Indigenous Knowledge, Social Structure And Institutional Support , Basga Emile Dialla

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In the West African country of Burkina Faso, soil erosion has long been a concern. The national government has perceived soil erosion a problem for over a quarter of a century. Although institutional support and practices to control the severity of soil erosion are available, attempts to address the problem have met with limited success. This limited success may be related to lack of consideration of the local indigenous knowledge as a restraining factor. Farmers may be reluctant to adopt conservation practices unfamiliar to them;This study, conducted in two villages in the northwestern Burkina Faso investigates the important role ...


Children's Academic Self-Perceptions: The Influences Of Social Comparison And Classroom Setting , Marilyn Sue Wilson Jan 1992

Children's Academic Self-Perceptions: The Influences Of Social Comparison And Classroom Setting , Marilyn Sue Wilson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to begin testing the proposition that returning or serving mildly handicapped students in the general classroom may jeopardize their academic self-perceptions and to assess students' preferences regarding extra academic assistance. Participants were regular (N = 287) and special education (N = 175) students in three midwestern cities. The students completed the Children's Self-Perception Profile for Learning Disabled Students (SPPLDS) and accompanying social comparison measure (Renick & Harter, 1988), as well as a measure of locus of control consisting of the cognitive section from Connell's (1985) Multidimensional Measure of Children's Perceptions of Control. Students also were asked to choose from whom and where they would prefer to receive extra academic assistance. Data on each student's educational handicapping condition, level of special education programming, curriculum modification, and extent of team teaching utilized were provided by classroom teachers;Initial analyses by district indicated differences in self-perceptions; for all academic self-perception areas regular education students in District A scored the same as the special education students (combined for all three districts ...


An Analysis Of Power And Stress Using Cybernetic Epistemology , Randall Robert Lyle Jan 1992

An Analysis Of Power And Stress Using Cybernetic Epistemology , Randall Robert Lyle

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation unites two papers intended for publication in professional journals. The dissertation begins with a general introduction to cybernetic epistemology which functions as the foundation for the analyses accomplished in the two papers. The Myth of Power and the Power of Myth is concerned with examining how cybernetic epistemology alters our understanding and use of the concept of power in our lives and in our society. Toward a Vibrant Stress Model presupposes a cybernetic epistemology as it creates an alternative model for the understanding and explanation of the experience of stress in human lives. Individually, each of the papers ...


To Pursue The Blessings Of Prosperity: Economic Reductionism And Higher Education Reform, 1983-1988 , Lorna Peterson Jan 1992

To Pursue The Blessings Of Prosperity: Economic Reductionism And Higher Education Reform, 1983-1988 , Lorna Peterson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Eight documents written between 1983 to 1988, and selected as representative of the higher education reform movement of that period, are analyzed for economic reductionism. These eight documents are Involved in Learning, Integrity in the College Curriculum, In the National Interest, 'To Secure the Blessings of Liberty', Tomorrow's Teachers, One Third of a Nation, America's Competitive Challenge, and A Nation Prepared. Economic reductionism is defined as a hierarchical thought process that diminishes the importance of other values for the believed superiority of national prosperity. To place the 1983-1988 higher education reform movement in historical context, research is presented ...


A Study Of Chronic Self-Injurious Behaviors In Nonretarded Adults , Phyllis J. Nelson Priest Jan 1992

A Study Of Chronic Self-Injurious Behaviors In Nonretarded Adults , Phyllis J. Nelson Priest

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A study was conducted to investigate chronic self-injurious behaviors (SIB) in nonretarded adults. Sixty-three subjects (47 females, 16 males), obtained primarily by clinician referrals, voluntarily completed retrospective questionnaires which were followed by 1- to 3-hour private, face-to-face interviews with the researcher. Data collected about chronic SIB were: (a) onset, (b) modalities, (c) frequency, (d) reasons for SIB from subjects' perceptions, (e) factor/situations reported being associated with SIB, (f) subjects' reports of pain and/or pleasure in SIB, (g) subjects' specific affects/cognitions immediately pre and post self-injury, (h) incidence of childhood abuse, (i) gender and relationship of the abuser ...


Senior Center Counseling Services: A National Survey, James Dean Thompson Jan 1992

Senior Center Counseling Services: A National Survey, James Dean Thompson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Two hundred twenty-eight National Institute of Senior Center members, representing a 50.1% response rate to a national survey, completed a questionnaire regarding their centers' present or potential counseling services. Respondents indicated that beginning or continuing to offer counseling programs was important and necessary. Results revealed that lack of funding was the primary reason for not offering or discontinuing counseling services;Almost 45% of the responding centers reported offering counseling for their participants. These centers indicated that, on average, over 65 clients or over 7% of the centers' participants, were utilizing their counseling services. In addition, centers offering counseling programs ...


Community And Campus Culture: Out-Of-Class Involvement At A Midwest Liberal Arts College , Jerry Mark Price Jan 1992

Community And Campus Culture: Out-Of-Class Involvement At A Midwest Liberal Arts College , Jerry Mark Price

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The time students spend outside the classroom "profoundly shapes the form and quality" (Boyer, 1987, pp. 292-293) of their undergraduate experiences. Out-of-class opportunities can challenge students to broaden their educational interests, engage themselves in their own education, and learn to take responsibility for their own actions. Out-of-class opportunities also can enhance growth in students' self-confidence, leadership, empathy, social responsibility, and understanding and appreciation of cultural and intellectual differences. This study examined and described students' out-of-class involvement opportunities at a midwest liberal arts college, as well as the factors and conditions that influence involvement;The methods of inquiry for this study ...


A Client-Based Description Of Reflecting Team-Work In Family Therapy , David Norton Brown Jan 1992

A Client-Based Description Of Reflecting Team-Work In Family Therapy , David Norton Brown

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Though the practice of reflecting team-work has a strong theoretical base there has been little research examining its actual use. What has been written is primarily based on the therapist's and/or supervisor's experience, rather than the client's. This dissertation describes clients' perceptions of two different strategies of reflecting team-work that emerged from interviews conducted and analyzed using a moderately structured ethnographic interview methodology. The primary results suggested that reflecting team-work was helpful in providing clients with different perspectives; that in-room teams should be used sparingly during early therapy; that teams should reflect at least twice in-session ...