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Full-Text Articles in Education

Diagnostic Theory Of Information As A Testing Technique To Ascertain Spanish Reading Proficiency, Ivette V. Robles Aug 1992

Diagnostic Theory Of Information As A Testing Technique To Ascertain Spanish Reading Proficiency, Ivette V. Robles

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of information theory as a testing reading proficiency of bilingual students. This study is not an attempt to analyze mistakes or to debate which reading proficiency test is the best in testing Spanish language abilities or expertise. This test was constructed to determine the readability and the validity of information theory as a testing tool. A second purpose was to determine whether this technique could help increase the student's ability to comprehend reading material at his/her level of language learning. A third purpose was to try to develop ...


The Relationship Between Comprehension And Literature Based Reading Program, Karen Quaranto Aug 1992

The Relationship Between Comprehension And Literature Based Reading Program, Karen Quaranto

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Previous research indicates that children involved in a literature based reading program are actively involved in the task of reading. Research also indicates that children in literature based programs made significantly higher gains in reading versus their peers in a basal reading program. In the present study three classrooms of third graders, all of which were using a form of literature based reading instruction, were compared to determine the effect of the respective reading program on comprehension. Literature based reading programs used were student selected literature based reading, whole class literature based reading, and teacher pre-grouped literature based reading. The ...


New York State Migrant Education Program And Its Impact On Students In The Brockport Tutorial Outreach Project, Dolly Jackson-Williams May 1992

New York State Migrant Education Program And Its Impact On Students In The Brockport Tutorial Outreach Project, Dolly Jackson-Williams

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In spite of their problems the Migrant Education Program still provides effective assistance to the migrant population. It is surprising to note that many educators have no knowledge of the lifestyle and the educational process that the migrant students have to contend, in order to receive an appropriate education. Sadly, many educators do not know how to address the academic needs of the migrant students in their classroom. Because of this lack of knowledge, the special needs of the migrant child go unmet. Conversely, when a teacher knows he/she has a migrant child in class and sets out to ...


Exploring Middle Childhood Reading Responses To Self-Selected Books: A Look At Evaluative And Emotional Responses, Developmental Stages And Personal Associations, Susan M. Codding May 1992

Exploring Middle Childhood Reading Responses To Self-Selected Books: A Look At Evaluative And Emotional Responses, Developmental Stages And Personal Associations, Susan M. Codding

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The research for this study centered around three questions: 1. Do children respond emotionally and thoughtfully to the books they read, and are they able to explain these emotional and evaluative responses? 2. Does the book appeal to a child because it reflects the developmental stage of the child? 3. Does the book generate any personal associations for the child?

Fifty children from a rural-suburban school district in western New York State took part in this study. The children were members of one fifth-grade and one second-grade literature-based classroom, which represent the beginning and ending ages of the middle childhood ...


Veteran Teachers’ Perception Of Changes Over Time In The Kindergarten, Patrick James Mercer May 1992

Veteran Teachers’ Perception Of Changes Over Time In The Kindergarten, Patrick James Mercer

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate and document the changes that kindergarten teachers have seen take place in kindergarten and to record kindergarten teachers' opinions of these changes.

A pilot study was conducted to narrow down the changes that have taken place in kindergarten. Three kindergarten teachers with various years of teaching kindergarten were used. Ten common threads of commentary were chosen and used as the basis for the actual study.

Seventeen kindergarten teachers with nine or more years of teaching experience in kindergarten were the subjects. All seventeen kindergarten teachers were personally interviewed by the same researcher ...


A Comparison Study Between The Peer Relations Of Only Children And Children With Siblings, Katrina J. Schaller May 1992

A Comparison Study Between The Peer Relations Of Only Children And Children With Siblings, Katrina J. Schaller

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the peer relations of only children at the primary grade level, K-2. The difference between the peer relations of only children and the peer relations of children with siblings was investigated. Teachers in a suburban Western New York school district were asked to fill out surveys for each of the only children in their classrooms and the children with siblings that the researcher randomly selected. The study was designed to determine if, on 10 items, there was a significant difference between the peer relationships of only children and children with siblings. A ...


A Comparison Of Two Strategies To Teach Spelling To Students Who Are Learning Disabled, Christine Gay Apr 1992

A Comparison Of Two Strategies To Teach Spelling To Students Who Are Learning Disabled, Christine Gay

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Spelling is often frustrating for students with learning disabilities. They may seem to 'learn’ the words because the words are spelled correctly on a weekly spelling list. However, the spellings may be forgotten the minute the test is over. The purpose of this study was to compare two spelling strategies to teach spelling to students with learning disabilities to determine if one helped them to retain the words better. The first strategy involved traditional activities, such as putting the words in alphabetical order. A weekly spelling test was administered. The second strategy was student-monitored. The students started with a bank ...


Oral Presentation Of Literature K-8: Values And Practices, Karie Shelton Apr 1992

Oral Presentation Of Literature K-8: Values And Practices, Karie Shelton

Education Undergraduate Theses

I first became aware of the benefits of reading aloud to students as a teacher’s aide in a high school resource room. There, on numerous occasions, I was amazed by the positive effects of oral presentation of literature. As students were introduced to the veritable treasure-store of human experience waiting to be discovered in literature, I saw reluctant readers once again find motivation to read. I saw minds and lives of those unable to read fluently for themselves enriched by what was read to them. I often saw moments of shared literary experience contribute to a sense of camaraderie ...


Gender Differences In Mathematics Achievement And Confidence In The Learning Of Mathematics In Grades Eight And Nine Of A Montana Community, Darcie Hilton Apr 1992

Gender Differences In Mathematics Achievement And Confidence In The Learning Of Mathematics In Grades Eight And Nine Of A Montana Community, Darcie Hilton

Mathematics, Engineering and Computer Science Undergraduate Theses

This thesis reviews past research on gender differences in mathematics achievement and attitudes toward mathematics. The review is divided into three categories: gender differences that have been found in mathematics, possible causes of those gender differences, and ways to eliminate the gender differences. A small community in Montana was tested for gender differences in mathematics achievement and confidence in the learning of mathematics. The subjects consisted of 55 females and 56 males in grades eight and nine. The subjects’ scores on the Fennema-Sherman Confidence in the Learning of Mathematics Scale and the CTBS Mathematics Achievement Test were compared to each ...


Imagining Imagination: A Phenomenological Study Of Children's Drawings Of Imagination, Robert M. Callahan Jan 1992

Imagining Imagination: A Phenomenological Study Of Children's Drawings Of Imagination, Robert M. Callahan

Educational Studies Dissertations

A phenomenological study of imagination employing "archetypal hermeneutics." The theoretical background for the research comes from the disciplines of Archetypal Psychology and Ontological Design. The research focuses on 296 Kindergarten to fifth grade public school children's drawings of imagination within an educational setting and aims at understanding imagination and its educational value. The research demonstrates that images of imagination are purposeful and intelligible when viewed with imagination, and it provides distinctions regarding imagination's nature. Images seen imaginally were regarded as teachers which deepen learning, the artistic process, and living in the world. Conclusions challenge developmental theories of learning ...


A Study Of The Relationship Of Territoriality And Teacher Sense Of Efficacy To Job Satisfaction Of Elementary School Teachers, Barbara Elizabeth Smith Jan 1992

A Study Of The Relationship Of Territoriality And Teacher Sense Of Efficacy To Job Satisfaction Of Elementary School Teachers, Barbara Elizabeth Smith

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Purpose. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of teachers' perceptions of territoriality and sense of efficacy to job satisfaction.;Method. A sample of 350 public school elementary teachers teaching in Virginia was selected to complete four instruments. The Teacher Territory Questionnaire was used to measure three factors, including control of resources, responsibility for students, and openness of teaching. The Teacher Efficacy Scale measured two efficacy factors, personal efficacy and teaching efficacy. Job satisfaction was measured by the facet scores of the Job Descriptive Index and the global score of the Job in General scale. Demographic data ...


Selected Personality Characteristics As Correlates Of Effective School Principals, Elizabeth Jean Shahmouradian Jan 1992

Selected Personality Characteristics As Correlates Of Effective School Principals, Elizabeth Jean Shahmouradian

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to examine selected personality characteristics of commitment, control, and challenge as correlates of effective school principals. Twenty-five Directors of Personnel were selected to identify 100 effective school principals. Two to eight principals rated as effective were selected for this research from each of the 25 school systems throughout the Commonwealth of Virginia. It was hypothesized that there is a correlation between selected identified personality characteristics and principals rated as more effective by personnel directors. It was concluded that the selected personality characteristics of commitment, control, and challenge are not correlates of effective principals and ...


A Study Of Programs Designed To Stimulate Students' Independent Reading, Elizabeth K. Welsh Jan 1992

A Study Of Programs Designed To Stimulate Students' Independent Reading, Elizabeth K. Welsh

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine what types of programs designed to stimulate students' independent reading were being utilized or had been utilized in the past five years in the Commonwealth of Virginia. This descriptive study examined how such programs were selected, implemented, and evaluated plus business involvement and incentives.;The sample consisted of 102 or 77% of the 132 school divisions whose superintendents had an original and confidential survey completed and returned.;of the 367 programs, Pizza Hut's accounted for 87% and SSR for 78%. A literature search or a professional journal influenced the selection of ...