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1992

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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Impact Of Site-Based Management On Perceived Roles Of Superintendents, Board Chairpersons, Principals And Selected Central Office Personnel In Tennessee School Systems, Narvia D. Haywood Dec 1992

The Impact Of Site-Based Management On Perceived Roles Of Superintendents, Board Chairpersons, Principals And Selected Central Office Personnel In Tennessee School Systems, Narvia D. Haywood

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The introduction of site-based management has had an impact on the operation of school systems in Tennessee; however no one seems to know for certain what that impact was. Findings from this study revealed that there is a basic understanding of the impact of site-based management as perceived by superintendents, board chairpersons, principals, personnel, budget, curriculum, and staff development administrators. Findings also revealed that central office staff and principals, for the most part, perceive that the superintendents and board chairpersons were supportive of site-based management programs. One hundred and eighty-one educators, including board chairpersons, responded to a fifty-four item questionnaire ...


Identifying A 9-12 Curriculum For High Schools In The Upper Peninsula Of Michigan, Patrick Manning Dec 1992

Identifying A 9-12 Curriculum For High Schools In The Upper Peninsula Of Michigan, Patrick Manning

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to identify high school graduation standards for high schools in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. The standards should meet the state of Michigan recommendations or standards for high school graduation. In addition, recommendations of local, state , and national studies and commission reports were included. A comparison was made between a ll Upper Peninsula high schools' graduation requirements for both non-college-bound and college-bound students and the Michigan State Board of Education recommended graduation requirements and those of the Michigan College Presidents Council.

Inquiry was made into course cred it requirements for graduation, recommended curriculum for ...


The Impact Of Site-Based Management On Perceived Roles Of Superintendents, Board Chairpersons, Principals And Selected Central Office Personnel In Tennessee School Systems, Narvia D. Haywood Dec 1992

The Impact Of Site-Based Management On Perceived Roles Of Superintendents, Board Chairpersons, Principals And Selected Central Office Personnel In Tennessee School Systems, Narvia D. Haywood

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The introduction of site-based management has had an impact on the operation of school systems in Tennessee; however no one seems to know for certain what that impact was. Findings from this study revealed that there is a basic understanding of the impact of site-based management as perceived by superintendents, board chairpersons, principals, personnel, budget, curriculum, and staff development administrators. Findings also revealed that central office staff and principals, for the most part, perceive that the superintendents and board chairpersons were supportive of site-based management programs. One hundred and eighty-one educators, including board chairpersons, responded to a fifty-four item questionnaire ...


Observations Of Emergent Literary Behaviors In A Literacy-Enriched Play Environment: Does Teacher Guidance Make A Difference?, Cheryl M. Totten Sep 1992

Observations Of Emergent Literary Behaviors In A Literacy-Enriched Play Environment: Does Teacher Guidance Make A Difference?, Cheryl M. Totten

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was completed to investigate whether there are differences in emergent literacy behaviors between a teacher guided literacy-enriched play environment and a literacy-enriched play environment without teacher guidance.

This study occurred over a five week period. During the first week, base-line data were collected using qualitative naturalistic observations where literacy behaviors were recorded during spontaneous play. The play area was literacy-enriched with play centers, environmental print, and literacy props. Six four-year olds were exposed to the environment for a half hour daily. During the first week of treatment, three of the subjects received teacher guidance / modeling while they played ...


Assessment: Authentic Strategies For Early Childhood Education, Gail Ann Hathaway Tupper Aug 1992

Assessment: Authentic Strategies For Early Childhood Education, Gail Ann Hathaway Tupper

Dissertations and Theses

This thesis explores the relationship between assessment techniques and reporting procedures in early childhood settings. Discrepancies between curriculum being presented and skills and progress being reported are examined. The curriculum used in this study is Portland Public Schools' Piaget Curriculum, which stresses active, scientific problem solving for children 4 to 6 years old. A variety of assessment, observation, recording and reporting tools are suggested, implemented and critiqued. Creation of a portfolio to store and showcase these items is suggested and explained. The important role of parents and families in the assessment process is studied. Strategies for involving parents at all ...


Diagnostic Theory Of Information As A Testing Technique To Ascertain Spanish Reading Proficiency, Ivette V. Robles Aug 1992

Diagnostic Theory Of Information As A Testing Technique To Ascertain Spanish Reading Proficiency, Ivette V. Robles

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of information theory as a testing reading proficiency of bilingual students. This study is not an attempt to analyze mistakes or to debate which reading proficiency test is the best in testing Spanish language abilities or expertise. This test was constructed to determine the readability and the validity of information theory as a testing tool. A second purpose was to determine whether this technique could help increase the student's ability to comprehend reading material at his/her level of language learning. A third purpose was to try to develop ...


The Relationship Between Comprehension And Literature Based Reading Program, Karen Quaranto Aug 1992

The Relationship Between Comprehension And Literature Based Reading Program, Karen Quaranto

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Previous research indicates that children involved in a literature based reading program are actively involved in the task of reading. Research also indicates that children in literature based programs made significantly higher gains in reading versus their peers in a basal reading program. In the present study three classrooms of third graders, all of which were using a form of literature based reading instruction, were compared to determine the effect of the respective reading program on comprehension. Literature based reading programs used were student selected literature based reading, whole class literature based reading, and teacher pre-grouped literature based reading. The ...


Bridging The Skills Gap: Employers’ Needs Vs. Vocational Education Students’ Perceived Capabilities, Barbara Ann Riley Jun 1992

Bridging The Skills Gap: Employers’ Needs Vs. Vocational Education Students’ Perceived Capabilities, Barbara Ann Riley

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine the perceived worker qualities of vocational education students who have participated in a job training program for at least one year. In addition, this study also endeavored to reveal what these students rated as the five most important worker qualities needed for their future employment.

Sixty high school students enrolled in the WE-MO-CO Vocational Education and Technological Center participated in this study. This job training program enrolls students from 11 public high schools and two private educational institutions in western Orleans/Monroe County, New York.

A Survey of Worker Qualities was administered ...


New York State Migrant Education Program And Its Impact On Students In The Brockport Tutorial Outreach Project, Dolly Jackson-Williams May 1992

New York State Migrant Education Program And Its Impact On Students In The Brockport Tutorial Outreach Project, Dolly Jackson-Williams

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In spite of their problems the Migrant Education Program still provides effective assistance to the migrant population. It is surprising to note that many educators have no knowledge of the lifestyle and the educational process that the migrant students have to contend, in order to receive an appropriate education. Sadly, many educators do not know how to address the academic needs of the migrant students in their classroom. Because of this lack of knowledge, the special needs of the migrant child go unmet. Conversely, when a teacher knows he/she has a migrant child in class and sets out to ...


Evaluation Of A Stress Management Program Effectiveness For Preschool Children, Pnina C. Herzbrun May 1992

Evaluation Of A Stress Management Program Effectiveness For Preschool Children, Pnina C. Herzbrun

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Thirty-two preschool children from a day care center in suburban Rochester, New York participated as an experimental group in a study to evaluate a Stress Management Program. The program was designed to provide the children with different relaxation techniques for coping with stress. Thirty four preschool children from a second day care center, also in suburban Rochester, served as the control group. It was hypothesized that the stress management program would be effective in reducing the level of stress in the treatment group as contrasted with the control group. Material included a short form of the Preschool Behavior Questionnaire (PBQ-S ...


The Development And Administration Of A Modified Community College-Type Program For Caribbean Union College, T. Leslie Ferdinand Jan 1992

The Development And Administration Of A Modified Community College-Type Program For Caribbean Union College, T. Leslie Ferdinand

Dissertations

Problem. Throughout the Caribbean Union College (CUC) constituency thousands of youth are unemployed and unemployable. They do not possess marketable skills. At present no church-operated educational institutions exist in the constituency to provide relevant education for 50%-60% of its young people.

Methods. The survey method of research was used to compare the self-perceived educational needs of non-college-bound youth with the perceptions of board members/administrators, faculty/staff, alumni, students, parents/guardians, and other-adult SDAs of those needs in the CUC constituency. The population and sample were 93,140 and 1,903 respectively. A 56-item questionnaire was used. Chi-square was ...


Inclusion Of Gregorc's Mind Styles Concepts In Physical Therapy Curriculum And Instruction In Selected Baccalaureate And Post-Baccalaureate Programs, Keith R. Gaden Jan 1992

Inclusion Of Gregorc's Mind Styles Concepts In Physical Therapy Curriculum And Instruction In Selected Baccalaureate And Post-Baccalaureate Programs, Keith R. Gaden

Dissertations

Topic. The topic under study in this paper was the application of Gregorc's mind styles concepts in two baccalaureate and two post-baccalaureate physical therapy programs.

Purpose. The purpose was to determine how these concepts were used while addressing the teaching and learning theory competency of the accreditation standards.

Sources. I examined intra- and extra-classroom activities, noting how information on styles was given and/or modeled to the students. Gregorc's Energic Model of Styles formed the basis for style determination. The research design was multiple-case study (embedded). Accreditation documents, curriculum file materials, handout materials, and videotaped classroom sessions were ...


Historical/Analytical Study Of The Contributions Of Alma E. Mckibbin To The Seventh-Day Adventist Church School System, Marie Louise Myers Jan 1992

Historical/Analytical Study Of The Contributions Of Alma E. Mckibbin To The Seventh-Day Adventist Church School System, Marie Louise Myers

Dissertations

"If we don’t understand our roots, we lose sight of our mission" (G. Ralph Thompson). Alma E. McKibbin, the first Seventh-day Adventist church school teacher in California, is little known among Seventh-day Adventists outside that state, where she began teaching in 1896. She developed a Bible curriculum that was used for over half a century in the Seventh-day Adventist church school educational system—a private, religious, parochial organization of over four thousand schools all around the world.

The purpose of this study is to document the contributions she made to that system, with a special emphasis given to the ...


The Student, The Teacher, And The Text : An Ethnography Of The Literary Acculturation Process In Three Undergraduate Literature Classrooms, Matthew Justice Quartey Jan 1992

The Student, The Teacher, And The Text : An Ethnography Of The Literary Acculturation Process In Three Undergraduate Literature Classrooms, Matthew Justice Quartey

Dissertations

In this study I describe the context and environment in which students in three undergraduate literature classrooms in a mid-western parochial university "acquired a sense of literature," as well as the role played by their teachers in the process. As qualitative research, the study seeks to provide additional insight and understanding of the process of acquiring literary competence. While participant observation and interview were the principal methods used in gathering data, the data also included the use of documents. I examined course syllabi, students' journals, students' written work, and school documents. I also observed each of the three classes at ...


A Classroom Preferences Questionnaire Based On The Theory Of Multiple Intelligences, Allyn Snider Jan 1992

A Classroom Preferences Questionnaire Based On The Theory Of Multiple Intelligences, Allyn Snider

Dissertations and Theses

A questionnaire based on Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences was developed and administered to forty-five second grade students in three different classrooms. Sections of the fifty-eight item questionnaire dealt with students' preferences for certain classroom activities, methods of learning, and modes of social interaction. Each student's responses were summarized to create an individual profile, indicating preference for linguistic, mathematical, and/ or spatial activity. In addition, students' preferences for receptive and/ or expressive methods of learning, and for working by themselves, with peers, or with adults were profiled.


The Impact Of Dramatic Improvisational Strategies On The Oral Comprehension Skills Of Children With A Low Socio-Economic Background, Heather A. Timms Jan 1992

The Impact Of Dramatic Improvisational Strategies On The Oral Comprehension Skills Of Children With A Low Socio-Economic Background, Heather A. Timms

Theses : Honours

Children with a low socio-economic background frequently fail to reach a high level of scholastic performance during their school years. The school milieu is a potential contributor to this scenario, as schools are generally designed for the attributes, needs, and skill levels that are characteristic of children from middle socio-economic backgrounds. As a result, these children require specific intervention to enable them to function within this 'alien' system. Drama offers unique and exciting possibilities in this field. Previous research endorses the use of improvisational strategies for this specific purpose; and the theories propounded by learning and language theorists and drama ...


Assessing The Effects Of A Program To Improve Questioning Skills Of Nurse Educators In Clinical Post-Conferences : An Initial Study, Diane M. Wink Jan 1992

Assessing The Effects Of A Program To Improve Questioning Skills Of Nurse Educators In Clinical Post-Conferences : An Initial Study, Diane M. Wink

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The use of cognitively high level questions, those classified in Bloom's taxonomy at the application level and above, has been suggested as a teaching strategy which will help students develop critical thinking abilities. This study was designed to determine the effect of a program to teach nursing faculty how to ask cognitively high level questions. A convenience sample was used. Subjects in the treatment (N=10) and control (N=4) groups were faculty and the students in their clinical laboratory groups from four National League for Nursing accredited undergraduate nursing programs in the state of Florida. Pre- and post-intervention ...


An Historical Analysis Of The Philosophies Of The Vocational Education Leaders In Relation To The 1990 Carl D. Perkins Vocational And Applied Technology Education Act Amendments, Cynthia D. Woodley Jan 1992

An Historical Analysis Of The Philosophies Of The Vocational Education Leaders In Relation To The 1990 Carl D. Perkins Vocational And Applied Technology Education Act Amendments, Cynthia D. Woodley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Federal vocational education legislation has undergone drastic changes in recent years. This study was designed to determine the educational philosophies of the leaders who pushed for the 1990 Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Education Act Amendments and the degree to which the amendments reflected the philosophies of those leaders. Data were collected on testimonies given before the United State[s] Congress during hearings related to the act, to identify who the leaders were. Once the leaders were identified, the published literature and testimony of each leaders was analyzed using a m model developed by Lloyd Duck and the ...


Teacher Perceptions Of Agricultural Teaching Practices And Methods For Youth And Adults In Iowa , Abdul Karim Kassem Jan 1992

Teacher Perceptions Of Agricultural Teaching Practices And Methods For Youth And Adults In Iowa , Abdul Karim Kassem

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The objectives of this study were to determine (a) the importance of selected instructional techniques, (b) the degree to which teachers should possess selected teacher characteristics, (c) the effectiveness of selected instructional methods in formal educational settings for youth and adults, and (d) the effectiveness of selected instructional methods in informal educational settings of youth and adults;Mailed questionnaires were the means employed to gather information on the research topic from the target population. Stratified sampling was the method used to select teachers to participate in the study. The total sample was 90 teachers;Frequencies were used to satisfy the ...


The Effects Of Different Systems Of Positive Reinforcement On Computer-Based Learning , Yang Mei-Hsueh Tsai Jan 1992

The Effects Of Different Systems Of Positive Reinforcement On Computer-Based Learning , Yang Mei-Hsueh Tsai

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to investigate the effectiveness of three selected hierarchies of positive reinforcement stimuli (i.e., text, text with sound, and text with moving picture as well as sound effects) coupled with different presentation schedules (i.e., continuous, fixed-ratio, and variable-ratio) on computer-based learning of the arithmetic concepts of addition. To fulfill the purpose, nine computer programs which had identical instructional content were developed on Apple II computers using SuperPILOT software. Although the programs had identical instructional content, each program had a different reinforcement system. These nine reinforcement systems were the combinations of two factors, reinforcement ...


Junior High School Student Needs Related To Home Economics In Taipei, Taiwan, Republic Of China , Jeou-Shyan Horng Jan 1992

Junior High School Student Needs Related To Home Economics In Taipei, Taiwan, Republic Of China , Jeou-Shyan Horng

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of the study were to: (1) identify junior high school students' perceptions of the importance of home economics competencies and their perceived levels of performing these competencies, (2) identify home economics needs of junior high school students in Taipei as perceived by students, home economics teachers, and experts, and (3) use the findings to make recommendations to the administrators, policy-makers, and teachers for redefining the junior high home economics curriculum in Taiwan, R.O.C;Home economics needs were assessed by questionnaires with sixty-two statements which reflected competencies expected for each subject matter area. Students, home economics teachers ...


The Meyersville School's Utilization Of Windows On Science, Art D. Anthony Jan 1992

The Meyersville School's Utilization Of Windows On Science, Art D. Anthony

Masters Theses

This study was designed to determine if the students and teachers of Meyersville School, Meyersville, Texas, liked the Windows on Science® program better than learning and teaching science using the traditional book. All students, grades three through six, and teachers, grades one through six, were surveyed regarding their opinion of Windows on Science®.

This field experience indicated the students and teachers liked the Windows on Science® program better than using standard science textbooks. The male students had a higher mean score than the female students or teachers. The teachers felt they needed more experiments to help the students learn Windows ...


The Effects Of Combining Direct Instruction, Metacognitive Instruction And Co-Operative Learning Strategies To Teaching Summarizing To Year 6 Students, D. A. Bergin Jan 1992

The Effects Of Combining Direct Instruction, Metacognitive Instruction And Co-Operative Learning Strategies To Teaching Summarizing To Year 6 Students, D. A. Bergin

Theses : Honours

Summarizing is one of several study skills students are asked to do as evidence of their ability to learn from texts and it is one which students find difficult. Research suggests that part of the difficulty students experience with summarizing is due to the lack of instruction students received in summary writing and the quality of that instruction. Therefore the purpose of this study was to design an instructional procedure for teaching summary writing to primary school students and to investigate the; effects this form of instruction had on students' summaries. This study involved pre-testing, instruction in summarizing, followed by ...


Distance Education: A Cost Analysis , Judy Irene Book Jones Jan 1992

Distance Education: A Cost Analysis , Judy Irene Book Jones

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Today, the technical capabilities exist for all schools to provide effective distance education opportunities. While the technologies do offer solutions to enable school districts to improve their curricula and learning experiences, they also create new problems. They are expensive and complicated. There are a growing number of efforts to make telecommunication infrastructure and information resources available; however, access to telecommunication resources varies considerably in different locations (U. S. Congress, 1989). There can be large differences in estimated costs and actual expenditures (Feasley, 1982). There are price and quality variances (Eicher, 1987). It is difficult to analyze and compare costs because ...


An Analysis Of Writing Across The Curriculum, M. Katherine Haight Jan 1992

An Analysis Of Writing Across The Curriculum, M. Katherine Haight

Masters Theses

Between 1900 and 1925 several changes took place which modernized American universities. One of the most significant involved a different curriculum. The new program was, in part, geared toward preparing students for specialized careers. This approach, however, made it possible for teachers outside of English to eliminate writing from their courses and, more generally, to develop distorted and limited views of the uses of writing. Today, Writing Across the Curriculum (WAC) programs are being incorporated into many colleges and universities across the country in an attempt to correct misperceptions and to bring writing back into non-English courses.

WAC stresses the ...


The Relationship Between Teacher Verbal Feedback, Aptitude, And Academic Intrinsic Motivation, Ann Jenkins Wickwire Jan 1992

The Relationship Between Teacher Verbal Feedback, Aptitude, And Academic Intrinsic Motivation, Ann Jenkins Wickwire

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between academic intrinsic motivation and positive teacher verbal feedback, negative teacher verbal feedback, and student aptitude for academic work. The research questions evolved from the Cognitive Evaluation Theory of Edward Deci (Deci & Ryan, 1985) in which intrinsic motivation develops out of a sense of competence and self-determination. In that teacher verbal feedback to students provide messages about academic competence, it was hypothesized that positive verbal feedback would enhance intrinsic motivation and negative verbal feedback would be detrimental to intrinsic motivation.;The subjects for the study were 368 fourth and fifth grade students. Student academic intrinsic motivation was measured by a questionnaire developed by Harter (1981). Aptitude was assessed with the Cognitive Abilities Test (Thorndike & Hagen, 1985). Negative and positive teacher verbal feedback reactions were determined by classroom observers who coded all teacher verbal feedback reactions to the students in accordance with the observation system developed by Brophy and Good (1969). Through factor analysis the positive feedback factor and the negative feedback factor were formed from the verbal feedback categories loading with those factors.;Results revealed that both aptitude and positive verbal feedback correlate positively with academic intrinsic motivation. Aptitude for school work, positive verbal feedback, and grade ...


A Study Of Teachers' Instructional Planning As Revealed By An Analysis Of Objectives, Strategies And Indicators Of Student Achievement, Barbara Sewell Davis Jan 1992

A Study Of Teachers' Instructional Planning As Revealed By An Analysis Of Objectives, Strategies And Indicators Of Student Achievement, Barbara Sewell Davis

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate teachers' planning through an analysis of objectives, strategies, and indicators of student achievement to answer six research questions. The questions were related to the following topics: congruence of content in objectives and congruence of the types of assessment among teachers in school systems using the same textbook; levels of student behavior indicated in the teachers' objectives; the types of strategies and activities used to implement the objectives; the types of indicators of student achievement selected by teachers; and, the levels at which test items were written as related to the levels of ...


Helping First-Year College Students Climb The Academic Ladder: Report Of A National Survey Of Freshman Seminar Programming In American Higher Education, Betsy Overman Barefoot Jan 1992

Helping First-Year College Students Climb The Academic Ladder: Report Of A National Survey Of Freshman Seminar Programming In American Higher Education, Betsy Overman Barefoot

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate a contemporary curricular phenomenon in freshman education: the freshman seminar. By means of a survey instrument mailed to all regionally accredited American colleges and universities enrolling over 100 students, this study investigated the nature and current numbers of freshman seminars with respect to the five most common forms of this course--the extended orientation seminar, the academic seminar with common content across sections, the academic seminar with content that varies by section, the professional seminar, and the basic study skills seminar.;Similarities and differences between seminar types were reported in terms of goals ...


A Content Analysis Of The Attention To Microcultural Factors In Selected Multicultural Education College Textbooks Used In The United States, Sandra Farmer Baugh Jan 1992

A Content Analysis Of The Attention To Microcultural Factors In Selected Multicultural Education College Textbooks Used In The United States, Sandra Farmer Baugh

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Problem. The purpose of this study was to conduct a content analysis of the attention to nine microcultural factors (race, ethnicity, language, gender, social class, religion, disability, age, and giftedness) in selected multicultural education college textbooks used in the U.S. to seek an answer to the following question: "Are there significant differences in attention to nine microcultural factors in selected editions of the same textbook?".;Methodology. Two textbooks were examined both qualitatively and quantitatively using topical and analytical categories to develop a display analysis outlining attention scores for microcultural factors in message units. These scores provided raw data for ...


Reader-Text Match:, Kathryn Maelou Baxter Jan 1992

Reader-Text Match:, Kathryn Maelou Baxter

Theses and Dissertations @ UNI

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of text difficulty on the comprehension monitoring of above- and below-average readers. The most of the good reader/poor reader comprehension monitoring research, students have been given identical passages. Consequently, the poor readers must read text that is relatively more difficult for them than it is for the better readers.

In this study, 36 fourth graders, 18 above-average readers and 18 below-average readers, were given text on three levels of difficulty, as determined by the Fry readability formula: (a) a second-grade passage for all students, used to reflect the standard ...