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1992

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Full-Text Articles in Education

An Analysis Of The Utilization Of Power By Florence Nightingale 1856-1872, Louise C. Selanders Dec 1992

An Analysis Of The Utilization Of Power By Florence Nightingale 1856-1872, Louise C. Selanders

Dissertations

This historical analysis sought to determine the types of power utilized by Florence Nightingale while providing leadership to major reforms and how these power acts were implemented- The scope of the study was her productive post- Crimean years from 1856 through 1872. Events which were examined included the reform of the health of the British Army including the Royal Commission, the establishment of modem, secular nursing education and the establishment of public health standards in India during British colonization.

The power acts were examined relative to the constituents of power defined by Dahl (1957). The source of power contained subsets ...


The Web, Francis L. Olson Jul 1992

The Web, Francis L. Olson

Morehead State Theses and Dissertations

A thesis presented to the faculty of the College of Arts and Sciences at Morehead State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts in English by Francis L. Olson in July of 1992.


Sketches Of Autumn, Jeff Spradling Apr 1992

Sketches Of Autumn, Jeff Spradling

Morehead State Theses and Dissertations

A thesis presented to the faculty of the College of Arts and Sciences at Morehead State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts by Jeff Spradling on April 13, 1992.


Choreography For The Camera: An Historical, Critical, And Empirical Study, Vana Patrice Carter Apr 1992

Choreography For The Camera: An Historical, Critical, And Empirical Study, Vana Patrice Carter

Master's Theses

This study investigates whether a dance choreographer's lack of knowledge of film, television, or video theory and technology, particularly the capabilities of the camera and montage, restricts choreographic communication via these media.

First, several film and television choreographers were surveyed. Second, the literature was analyzed to determine the evolution of dance on film and television (from the choreographers' perspective). Third, shooting and editing theories that maximize kinesthesis were examined.

Three primary conclusions were drawn: (1) Historically, choreographers of critically acclaimed film or television products seemed to understand major principles for shooting and montage; (2) choreographers who expanded their knowledge ...


The Empirical Development Of A College Curriculum Of The Epistle To The Galatians, Dragutin Matak Jan 1992

The Empirical Development Of A College Curriculum Of The Epistle To The Galatians, Dragutin Matak

Dissertations

Problem. Seventh-day Adventist adolescents need a clear understanding of the gospel which provides the assurance of salvation. Since in Seventh-day Adventist colleges there is no curriculum for the Epistle to the Galatians, this study was intended to provide college religion students with the opportunity to understand cognitively and to apply experientially the claims of the gospel as presented in Galatians.

Method. The basic philosophy of the learning approach utilized in this study was that a curriculum is more than a blueprint for educational planning. In Christian education, curriculum is a bridge between theory and practice in the cognitive, affective and ...


Information Essential For Accountability And Planning As Identified By Board Chairs And Principals Of Seventh-Day Adventist Secondary Schools, James R. Nash Jan 1992

Information Essential For Accountability And Planning As Identified By Board Chairs And Principals Of Seventh-Day Adventist Secondary Schools, James R. Nash

Dissertations

Problem

Particularly during the 1980s and 1990s, Seventh-day Adventist secondary schools have been facing problems with enrollments and finances. The purpose of this research was to identify those elements of information and data that the board chairs and principals of United States Seventh-day Adventist secondary schools determined would provide, if gathered and organized, the foundation for school personnel accountability and planning.

Method

The population consisted of the board chairs and principals of SDA secondary schools located in the continental United States. A questionnaire was developed, piloted by a panel of judges, and sent to each of the 78 principals and ...


A Study Of Religious Attitudes And Problems As Perceived By Current And Former Seventh-Day Adventist Students At Seventh-Day Adventist Mission Secondary Schools In Hong Kong, Daniel Gim-Teng Chuah Jan 1992

A Study Of Religious Attitudes And Problems As Perceived By Current And Former Seventh-Day Adventist Students At Seventh-Day Adventist Mission Secondary Schools In Hong Kong, Daniel Gim-Teng Chuah

Dissertations

Problem. In spite of the combined efforts of both the local churches and the schools, the church attendance of Seventh-day Adventist adolescents has been low. This present study was to identify the religious attitudes of current Adventist students and Adventist alumni of all Adventist mission secondary schools in Hong Kong and to determine the relationship of these attitudes to other selected variables such as Bible classes, spiritual assemblies, church services and activities, doctrinal beliefs, relationships with parents, teachers, and pastors, their own self-concepts, and peer and media influences. This study sought to relate also the attitudes with 14 background variables ...


A Validation And Comparative Study Of Kinetic Family Drawings Of Native American Children, Sheryl A. Gregory Jan 1992

A Validation And Comparative Study Of Kinetic Family Drawings Of Native American Children, Sheryl A. Gregory

Dissertations

Problem. Research on how Native American (NA) children draw their families and how perceptions of their families are reflected in their family drawings is lacking. The purpose of the study was (1) to validate the Kinetic Family Drawing (KFD) as an appropriate instrument for use with this population, and (2) to compare Native American and Caucasian children's KFDs.

Method. The KFD and Semantic Differential Scales were administered to 52 Native American children from the Potawatomi and Iroquois tribes, ages 6-14. A matched sample of 104 KFDs of Caucasian children from Southern Michigan was used for comparison. The data were ...


Historical/Analytical Study Of The Contributions Of Alma E. Mckibbin To The Seventh-Day Adventist Church School System, Marie Louise Myers Jan 1992

Historical/Analytical Study Of The Contributions Of Alma E. Mckibbin To The Seventh-Day Adventist Church School System, Marie Louise Myers

Dissertations

"If we don’t understand our roots, we lose sight of our mission" (G. Ralph Thompson). Alma E. McKibbin, the first Seventh-day Adventist church school teacher in California, is little known among Seventh-day Adventists outside that state, where she began teaching in 1896. She developed a Bible curriculum that was used for over half a century in the Seventh-day Adventist church school educational system—a private, religious, parochial organization of over four thousand schools all around the world.

The purpose of this study is to document the contributions she made to that system, with a special emphasis given to the ...


An Organizational Model For A Coordinated Program Of Music Ministry For The Seventh-Day Adventist Church In North American And Europe, Raimo J. Lehtinen Jan 1992

An Organizational Model For A Coordinated Program Of Music Ministry For The Seventh-Day Adventist Church In North American And Europe, Raimo J. Lehtinen

Dissertations

Problem. Initiating work in the coordination of church music activities has been undertaken in the North American and European portions of the world-wide organization of the Seventh-day Adventist Church. There was a need to develop a comprehensive model of music ministry which the Church could utilize when further steps in the advancement of organized music programs will be taken.

Method. In the process of creating the philosophical rationale for the model a descriptive method was used. Adventist literature on music ministry was reviewed, analyzed, and compared with the basic themes of Johansson's contrapuntal design (1984). In thedevelopment of the ...


Integrating Folk Literature Into A Meaning Center Curriculum, Sheilah Marie Bellew Jan 1992

Integrating Folk Literature Into A Meaning Center Curriculum, Sheilah Marie Bellew

Theses Digitization Project

No abstract provided.


The Arts As Strategy Or The Arts As Process? : A Comparison Of Two Learning Approaches In Religious Education In The Catholic Primary School, S. L. Desker Jan 1992

The Arts As Strategy Or The Arts As Process? : A Comparison Of Two Learning Approaches In Religious Education In The Catholic Primary School, S. L. Desker

Theses : Honours

This study examined differences in understanding of Christian values between two groups of children experiencing two different learning approaches in religious education in the Catholic primary school. One learning approach used the arts as strategy. In it children expressed themselves discursively through worksheet activities: colouring in pre-designed pictures and completing written sentences, paragraphs or crossword puzzles. The other approach was learning through the arts as process. In this approach children expressed themselves non-discursively through their creative products: paintings, play dough modelling and construction scenarios. Each group comprised 30 subjects who were in Year 5, and whose ages ranged from 9 ...


Family Life Education In The Church Of Jesus Christ Of Latter-Day Saints In The 20th Century: A Historical Review, Ray W. Stringham Jan 1992

Family Life Education In The Church Of Jesus Christ Of Latter-Day Saints In The 20th Century: A Historical Review, Ray W. Stringham

All Theses and Dissertations

This thesis reviewed selected educational literature in almost 350 texts published by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormon) from General Authorities and manuals which included content curriculum in adult family life education; for the adult women's organization (Relief Society); for the men's Melchizedek Priesthood; and for parents instructing their children at home (Family Home Evening).

Topics were ranked by century, according to frequencies of occurrence (FO) in the five major publications. Topics were also summarized by each decade. Tables were provided which summarized the top 40 of 78 topics identified. Recurring Themes suggest family is ...


Linguistic And Interactional Adjustments In Ns-Nns Communication In The Tutoring Setting , Xueru Cheng Jan 1992

Linguistic And Interactional Adjustments In Ns-Nns Communication In The Tutoring Setting , Xueru Cheng

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Children's Television Favorites And The Values They Portray: As Perceived By Children And Adults, Lori Perkins-Detrick Jan 1992

Children's Television Favorites And The Values They Portray: As Perceived By Children And Adults, Lori Perkins-Detrick

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Using An Integrated Learning System On Middle School Student Achievement In Reading, Joan Frances Johnson Jan 1992

Effects Of Using An Integrated Learning System On Middle School Student Achievement In Reading, Joan Frances Johnson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


An Interpretive Case Study Of Perceptions And Experiences Of Undergraduate Women In Engineering Majors At Iowa State University , Mildred Annette Haggray Jan 1992

An Interpretive Case Study Of Perceptions And Experiences Of Undergraduate Women In Engineering Majors At Iowa State University , Mildred Annette Haggray

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to describe and analyze the perceptions and experiences of selected undergraduate women in engineering majors at Iowa State University. Using qualitative research methods, the researcher described and analyzed the effects of selected educational environment factors on the persistence of women in engineering majors. Educational environment factors that provided the focus for the study included: classroom climate, interaction with faculty and peers, and internal support systems. Related factors that were examined included: personal fit with the major, academic preparation, and career aspirations, and preferred teaching and learning styles and methodologies. Primary data sources included semi-structured ...


Fabric Hand As Perceived By Us And Korean Males And Females , Hyunsik Kim Jan 1992

Fabric Hand As Perceived By Us And Korean Males And Females , Hyunsik Kim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this research were to develop comparable sets of unipolar adjectives for consumer evaluation of fabric hand for English and Korean speakers and to examine how males and females in the United States and Korea use these descriptors. This research also examined preferences of judges for hand of shirt fabrics for the judge's own sex and for the other sex. The psychological approach was used for this research because human judgments of fabric hand provide multi-dimensional understanding of fabric properties. Stimuli were selected to represent a variety of shirting fabrics for U.S. and Korean males and ...


An Analysis Of Nonformal Education Needs Of Rural Women: A One Village Case Study In India , Neela Trivedi Jan 1992

An Analysis Of Nonformal Education Needs Of Rural Women: A One Village Case Study In India , Neela Trivedi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the nonformal education needs of rural women in the sociocultural context of a village in India. Specifically, the objectives of the study were to examine: (1) the physical, social and cultural milieu that determine women's need for and participation in nonformal education; (2) the needs that can be addressed through nonformal education programs; and (3) the perceptions and attitudes of women toward nonformal education;It was assumed that the needs of women are determined by and grow out of the sociocultural context and therefore can be adequately understood only in terms ...


Beginning Reading Instruction: Issues In Phonics And Modality Preferences, Debra A. Kelley Jan 1992

Beginning Reading Instruction: Issues In Phonics And Modality Preferences, Debra A. Kelley

Masters Theses

This thesis reviews the major trends regarding the place of phonics in reading instruction since the 1950's and attempts to integrate current perspectives on phonics in regard to both classroom and individualized instruction. In the 1950's, instruction in the regular classroom tended to emphasize sight-words at the expense of word analysis or phonic skills. The mid-1960's classic study by Chall, Learning to Read: The Great Debate, documented the value of phonic instruction in beginning reading and led to later refinements regarding the place of phonics in beginning reading instruction.

The attempt to match individual children's preferred ...


Factors Affecting Success Of African-American Male Graduate Students: A Grounded Theory Approach , Virginia Cortez Henderson Jan 1992

Factors Affecting Success Of African-American Male Graduate Students: A Grounded Theory Approach , Virginia Cortez Henderson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to assess factors affecting the success of African-American male graduate students utilizing a grounded theory approach. Of major importance was determining which factors were most important in their perseverance during graduate school. Those factors were: (1) personal characteristic profile information; (2) graduate assistantship experiences; (3) classroom and teacher expectations of student achievement and experiences of current graduate program; (4) financial aid resources for undergraduate and graduate education; (5) undergraduate academic preparation and performance; (6) the impact of parent support, religion, mentors, and others during their undergraduate and graduate education; (7) campus environment and institutional ...


An Analysis Of Power And Stress Using Cybernetic Epistemology , Randall Robert Lyle Jan 1992

An Analysis Of Power And Stress Using Cybernetic Epistemology , Randall Robert Lyle

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation unites two papers intended for publication in professional journals. The dissertation begins with a general introduction to cybernetic epistemology which functions as the foundation for the analyses accomplished in the two papers. The Myth of Power and the Power of Myth is concerned with examining how cybernetic epistemology alters our understanding and use of the concept of power in our lives and in our society. Toward a Vibrant Stress Model presupposes a cybernetic epistemology as it creates an alternative model for the understanding and explanation of the experience of stress in human lives. Individually, each of the papers ...


An Analysis Of Writing Across The Curriculum, M. Katherine Haight Jan 1992

An Analysis Of Writing Across The Curriculum, M. Katherine Haight

Masters Theses

Between 1900 and 1925 several changes took place which modernized American universities. One of the most significant involved a different curriculum. The new program was, in part, geared toward preparing students for specialized careers. This approach, however, made it possible for teachers outside of English to eliminate writing from their courses and, more generally, to develop distorted and limited views of the uses of writing. Today, Writing Across the Curriculum (WAC) programs are being incorporated into many colleges and universities across the country in an attempt to correct misperceptions and to bring writing back into non-English courses.

WAC stresses the ...


Parent Involvement And Vocabulary Development In Kindergarten, Carolyn Eckerty Jan 1992

Parent Involvement And Vocabulary Development In Kindergarten, Carolyn Eckerty

Masters Theses

A kindergarten teacher used action research to determine if the vocabulary growth of kindergarten students was influenced by parents being involved in the Tasks For Talented Parents (TFTP) program. A correlational study was conducted to determine the relationship between parent involvement and student's vocabulary development. Kindergarten students (N=58) were administered the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test in August and November. Also in August and November each child's parent completed the parent questionnaire from the Tasks For Talented Parents program. The results indicated a moderate correlation between the answers on the parent questionnaire and the results of the PPVT-R ...


Dr. Professor Mommy: Working Mothers' Gender Role Self Images In The University Community, Dawn Renee Krywanio Jan 1992

Dr. Professor Mommy: Working Mothers' Gender Role Self Images In The University Community, Dawn Renee Krywanio

Masters Theses

A common misperception exists that working mothers experience their professional lives differently than other working women. This is often the basis for differential treatment of mothers in the workplace. This thesis describes gender role self image among university women in administration, faculty, and staff positions who are also parents; it relates to professional relationship satisfaction in the workplace. Data were collected through the use of open ended surveys of 185 female employees at Eastern Illinois University, follow up interviews, and a Likert scale survey within the same population. Content analysis of the data and qualitative results are the descriptive basis ...


White Students' Racial Attitudes And Racial Identity Development In A Liberal Arts Environment, Mary Hornback Glisan Jan 1992

White Students' Racial Attitudes And Racial Identity Development In A Liberal Arts Environment, Mary Hornback Glisan

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to document the racial attitudes and racial identity development scores of White students in a liberal arts environment. of particular interest was gender differences, classification differences, and Greek/nonGreek affiliation differences. Furthermore, an effort was made to predict the racial attitude and racial identity development scores using self-report biographical variables.;The College of William and Mary, a public liberal arts university was the institution studied for this project. A stratified random sample was obtained of all White students attending the College. Participants completed the White Racial Identity Attitude Survey (WRIAS), the Racial Attitude and ...


A Study Of Battered Women Utilizing The California Psychological Inventory-Revised, The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, The Constructive Thinking Inventory And The Demographic Variable Of "Times Previously Separated", Martha Miller Grenier Jan 1992

A Study Of Battered Women Utilizing The California Psychological Inventory-Revised, The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, The Constructive Thinking Inventory And The Demographic Variable Of "Times Previously Separated", Martha Miller Grenier

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The problem of most shelters is that they have very limited resources. In addition, space is at a premium in most shelters. Optimum employment of these limited resources is paramount. Since leaving the abusive relationship appears to be a process, it would be extremely useful to shelter managers and counselors alike if there were a way to ascertain which women were ready to leave the abusive relationship and which women were not.;Using the scales of Dominance, Independence, and Feminine/Masculine from the California Psychological Inventory - Revised (CPI-R), the scales of Emotional Coping, Behavioral Coping, and Naive Optimism from the ...


Racial Issues In White Dyads: An Investigation Of Helms's Interaction Model, Nancy G. Ochs Jan 1992

Racial Issues In White Dyads: An Investigation Of Helms's Interaction Model, Nancy G. Ochs

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Experienced counselors in three eastern states were surveyed about the incidence of racial issues presented by their White clients and were asked to complete the White Racial Identity Attitudes Scales (WRIAS) and to respond to a questionnaire about a White client presenting a racial issue. Nearly a quarter of the counselors responding to the survey reported having some clients raising racial issues as main issues in counseling, and 45% reported having some clients bringing up racial issues relevant to their counseling. Respondents generally did not have training to help White clients with racial issues, nor did many report having special ...


Changing Attitudes Toward Science And Women In Science: Assessing The Impact Of A Role Model Intervention On Ninth Grade Students , Mary Ann Evans Jan 1992

Changing Attitudes Toward Science And Women In Science: Assessing The Impact Of A Role Model Intervention On Ninth Grade Students , Mary Ann Evans

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation describes the results of a three-day role model intervention. The intervention utilized female scientists and engineers to change the attitudes of ninth grade students toward science and math and toward the role of females in technical careers. A general introduction and literature review describe factors influencing the attitudes and behaviors of adolescent girls toward science and technology. Three papers report the results of the study;In the first paper, we explain the development and testing of an instrument designed to measure ninth grade students' attitudes toward science and math and the role of females in technical careers. The ...


The Ames Project: Administering Classified Research As A Part Of The Manhattan Project At Iowa State College, 1942-1945 , Carolyn Stilts Payne Jan 1992

The Ames Project: Administering Classified Research As A Part Of The Manhattan Project At Iowa State College, 1942-1945 , Carolyn Stilts Payne

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

From 1942-1945, Iowa State College, like several other universities and colleges, participated in a classified research and development project to build the first atomic bomb. Three federal agencies--the National Defense Research Council (NDRC), the Office of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD), and the Manhattan Engineer District (MED)--funded this atomic weapon project at various times throughout the war. This dissertation is an examination of the administrative apparatus set up on Iowa State College's campus to manage that research and technology development. It also proposes that this same organizational structure was used as a model for administering research funding after ...