Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1992

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Discipline
Institution
Keyword

Articles 1 - 30 of 93

Full-Text Articles in Education

Educator Change During The Adoption Of Hypermedia, Dennis Wayne Mcelroy Jan 1992

Educator Change During The Adoption Of Hypermedia, Dennis Wayne Mcelroy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Role Of Technology Education In Selected Iowa Elementary Schools, Alfred A. Hart Jan 1992

The Role Of Technology Education In Selected Iowa Elementary Schools, Alfred A. Hart

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/25860401


Consumers' Conceptualization Of Apparel Attributes And Apparel Quality , Liza Kovilagathu Abraham Jan 1992

Consumers' Conceptualization Of Apparel Attributes And Apparel Quality , Liza Kovilagathu Abraham

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Examining the attributes that affect consumers' perceptions of product quality has been of pivotal interest in marketing research. The objectives of this study were (1) to identify and classify attributes that play a significant role at time of purchase and during use of apparel, (2) to compare expectations of apparel attributes at time of purchase with perceptions of attributes as the apparel product is being used, (3) to identify attributes that are predictors of perceived quality at expectation stage and at the post-purchase evaluation stage, and (4) to propose a model for consumers' perceptions of apparel quality;Five focus group ...


The Effects Of Different Systems Of Positive Reinforcement On Computer-Based Learning , Yang Mei-Hsueh Tsai Jan 1992

The Effects Of Different Systems Of Positive Reinforcement On Computer-Based Learning , Yang Mei-Hsueh Tsai

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to investigate the effectiveness of three selected hierarchies of positive reinforcement stimuli (i.e., text, text with sound, and text with moving picture as well as sound effects) coupled with different presentation schedules (i.e., continuous, fixed-ratio, and variable-ratio) on computer-based learning of the arithmetic concepts of addition. To fulfill the purpose, nine computer programs which had identical instructional content were developed on Apple II computers using SuperPILOT software. Although the programs had identical instructional content, each program had a different reinforcement system. These nine reinforcement systems were the combinations of two factors, reinforcement ...


Reentry: Procedures And Strategies Necessary To Achieve Greater Capitalization Of Human Assets In International Business Repatriation , Hildegard M. Vary Jan 1992

Reentry: Procedures And Strategies Necessary To Achieve Greater Capitalization Of Human Assets In International Business Repatriation , Hildegard M. Vary

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research had two purposes. First, a mailed survey was used to investigate the scope and nature of current strategies used by U.S.-based Fortune 100 firms to facilitate the reentry of international executives. Its second purpose was the development of management strategies intended to optimize utilization of international executives during reentry and beyond;Survey results indicated MNCs are becoming more aware of the importance of international assignments. However, the majority paid little attention to repatriating employees. Organizations usually did not provide repatriation preparation before international assignments, nor debriefings or reentry orientations at reentry. Three out of four indicated ...


An Assessment Of Farmers' Participation In Integrated Agricultural Development Projects In Peninsular Malaysia , Bahaman Abu Samah Jan 1992

An Assessment Of Farmers' Participation In Integrated Agricultural Development Projects In Peninsular Malaysia , Bahaman Abu Samah

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to determine the nature and intensity of farmers' participation in Integrated Agricultural Development Projects (IADP) in Peninsular Malaysia. Specifically, the objectives of the study were to: (1) determine the demographic characteristics of the farmers in IADPs, (2) assess farmers' knowledge of IADP, (3) determine farmers' attitudes toward IADP programs, (4) determine farmers' attitudes toward IADP personnel, (5) assess the nature and intensity of farmers' participation in developmental activities in IADP, (6) determine the differences in selected variables among IADPs, and (7) assess the relationships between selected variables and intensity of participation;Data for the study were ...


Selected Perceptions Of Aspects Of Sex Equity And Affirmative Action Within Iowa Community Colleges , Carl Roy Heilman Jan 1992

Selected Perceptions Of Aspects Of Sex Equity And Affirmative Action Within Iowa Community Colleges , Carl Roy Heilman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research project was undertaken in order to study selected perceptions of issues related to sex equity and affirmative action within chosen Iowa merged area community colleges. The four major objectives of this research project were to determine the extent of knowledge of the adoption of institutional policies relating to state-mandated affirmative action, to determine the extent of knowledge of the implementation of state-mandated policies relating to affirmative action, to determine if there is a need for policy implementation on the part of community colleges, and to determine if the Iowa Department of Education should continue to promote affirmative action ...


An Historical Analysis Of The Philosophies Of The Vocational Education Leaders In Relation To The 1990 Carl D. Perkins Vocational And Applied Technology Education Act Amendments, Cynthia D. Woodley Jan 1992

An Historical Analysis Of The Philosophies Of The Vocational Education Leaders In Relation To The 1990 Carl D. Perkins Vocational And Applied Technology Education Act Amendments, Cynthia D. Woodley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Federal vocational education legislation has undergone drastic changes in recent years. This study was designed to determine the educational philosophies of the leaders who pushed for the 1990 Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Education Act Amendments and the degree to which the amendments reflected the philosophies of those leaders. Data were collected on testimonies given before the United State[s] Congress during hearings related to the act, to identify who the leaders were. Once the leaders were identified, the published literature and testimony of each leaders was analyzed using a m model developed by Lloyd Duck and the ...


Assessing The Effects Of A Program To Improve Questioning Skills Of Nurse Educators In Clinical Post-Conferences : An Initial Study, Diane M. Wink Jan 1992

Assessing The Effects Of A Program To Improve Questioning Skills Of Nurse Educators In Clinical Post-Conferences : An Initial Study, Diane M. Wink

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The use of cognitively high level questions, those classified in Bloom's taxonomy at the application level and above, has been suggested as a teaching strategy which will help students develop critical thinking abilities. This study was designed to determine the effect of a program to teach nursing faculty how to ask cognitively high level questions. A convenience sample was used. Subjects in the treatment (N=10) and control (N=4) groups were faculty and the students in their clinical laboratory groups from four National League for Nursing accredited undergraduate nursing programs in the state of Florida. Pre- and post-intervention ...


Collaborative Holistic Evaluation: Theoretical Underpinnings And Classroom Use, Grant Moser Jan 1992

Collaborative Holistic Evaluation: Theoretical Underpinnings And Classroom Use, Grant Moser

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Ever since the first composition student set stylus to clay tablet, we who teach composition have been blessed with the authority and cursed with the responsibility of evaluating student writing. Blessed because that grant of authority is an acknowledgment from our colleagues, our profession, our institutions, and our students that we can be trusted to fairly and accurately judge the quality of other people's writing. Cursed because that burden of responsibility demands an intensity of effort and an investment of time that are frequently intimidating and always exhausting.


Distance Education: A Cost Analysis , Judy Irene Book Jones Jan 1992

Distance Education: A Cost Analysis , Judy Irene Book Jones

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Today, the technical capabilities exist for all schools to provide effective distance education opportunities. While the technologies do offer solutions to enable school districts to improve their curricula and learning experiences, they also create new problems. They are expensive and complicated. There are a growing number of efforts to make telecommunication infrastructure and information resources available; however, access to telecommunication resources varies considerably in different locations (U. S. Congress, 1989). There can be large differences in estimated costs and actual expenditures (Feasley, 1982). There are price and quality variances (Eicher, 1987). It is difficult to analyze and compare costs because ...


Community And Campus Culture: Out-Of-Class Involvement At A Midwest Liberal Arts College , Jerry Mark Price Jan 1992

Community And Campus Culture: Out-Of-Class Involvement At A Midwest Liberal Arts College , Jerry Mark Price

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The time students spend outside the classroom "profoundly shapes the form and quality" (Boyer, 1987, pp. 292-293) of their undergraduate experiences. Out-of-class opportunities can challenge students to broaden their educational interests, engage themselves in their own education, and learn to take responsibility for their own actions. Out-of-class opportunities also can enhance growth in students' self-confidence, leadership, empathy, social responsibility, and understanding and appreciation of cultural and intellectual differences. This study examined and described students' out-of-class involvement opportunities at a midwest liberal arts college, as well as the factors and conditions that influence involvement;The methods of inquiry for this study ...


The Pace (Perceptions, Attitudes, Concerns, And Emotions) Of Selected Doctoral Students At Iowa State University , Daleanne Anderson Jan 1992

The Pace (Perceptions, Attitudes, Concerns, And Emotions) Of Selected Doctoral Students At Iowa State University , Daleanne Anderson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation presents the results of a study of doctoral students from selected departments at a large midwestern research university. Doctoral students from six departments in three colleges were surveyed. The College of Education (Professional Studies and Curriculum and Instruction), the College of Family and Consumer Sciences (Family and Consumer Science Education and Human Development and Family Studies), and the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences (Psychology and Sociology) were the selected colleges and departments;The study was designed to explore doctoral students' perceptions of the institution and of the faculty, their financial and academic concerns, and perceptions of their ...


The Relationship Between Interest In Teaching As A Career Choice And Perceptions Of School/Classroom Environment Of 7th And 8th Grade Students , Raymond Eng Wong Jan 1992

The Relationship Between Interest In Teaching As A Career Choice And Perceptions Of School/Classroom Environment Of 7th And 8th Grade Students , Raymond Eng Wong

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The teaching profession is being confronted with changing demographics: an increase in the number of students of color and a decrease in the number of teachers of color. The study examines the possibility of a relationship between interest in teaching as a career choice and perception of school/classroom environment of 7th and 8th grade students. Seventh and eighth grade students are an appropriate group for the study as they are in the process of developing career options. Also, students have experienced the school/classroom environment for most of their lives and have developed impressions of schooling and the teaching ...


The Ames Project: Administering Classified Research As A Part Of The Manhattan Project At Iowa State College, 1942-1945 , Carolyn Stilts Payne Jan 1992

The Ames Project: Administering Classified Research As A Part Of The Manhattan Project At Iowa State College, 1942-1945 , Carolyn Stilts Payne

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

From 1942-1945, Iowa State College, like several other universities and colleges, participated in a classified research and development project to build the first atomic bomb. Three federal agencies--the National Defense Research Council (NDRC), the Office of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD), and the Manhattan Engineer District (MED)--funded this atomic weapon project at various times throughout the war. This dissertation is an examination of the administrative apparatus set up on Iowa State College's campus to manage that research and technology development. It also proposes that this same organizational structure was used as a model for administering research funding after ...


To Pursue The Blessings Of Prosperity: Economic Reductionism And Higher Education Reform, 1983-1988 , Lorna Peterson Jan 1992

To Pursue The Blessings Of Prosperity: Economic Reductionism And Higher Education Reform, 1983-1988 , Lorna Peterson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Eight documents written between 1983 to 1988, and selected as representative of the higher education reform movement of that period, are analyzed for economic reductionism. These eight documents are Involved in Learning, Integrity in the College Curriculum, In the National Interest, 'To Secure the Blessings of Liberty', Tomorrow's Teachers, One Third of a Nation, America's Competitive Challenge, and A Nation Prepared. Economic reductionism is defined as a hierarchical thought process that diminishes the importance of other values for the believed superiority of national prosperity. To place the 1983-1988 higher education reform movement in historical context, research is presented ...


The Perceived Effectiveness Of The National Plumbing Competency Test In Taiwan, Republic Of China , Chang-Yen Tsai Jan 1992

The Perceived Effectiveness Of The National Plumbing Competency Test In Taiwan, Republic Of China , Chang-Yen Tsai

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to ascertain the perceptions of the plumbing incumbent workers, supervisors, and vocational educators regarding the current effectiveness of the National Occupational Competency Test in theory and practical aspects in Taiwan, Republic of China;The questionnaire method of data collection was used. A questionnaire was designed and structured into three parts that included the National Plumbing Competency Test critical competencies assessment, the perception assessment and personal information. A total of 112 plumbing incumbent workers, 110 supervisors, and 30 vocational educators responded to the questionnaires;Conclusions drawn from the findings were: (1) There was a high Spearman's ...


School District Improvement Through Strategic Planning: A Case Study , Troy Jude Vincent Jan 1992

School District Improvement Through Strategic Planning: A Case Study , Troy Jude Vincent

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Strategic planning is one of the decision-making structures available to educational administrators. Given the myriad of social, educational, and economical forces impacting education and the national outcry to produce changes, urban school districts like Des Moines use strategic planning to gather and decipher information needed to make the best decisions. Failure of decision makers to utilize a structure to gain proper perspectives places the district in a posture to respond to those issues which engender the emotions of stakeholders. Without a structure, those with the loudest voices and the political prowess to achieve their special interests outcomes are more apt ...


An Analysis Of Nonformal Education Needs Of Rural Women: A One Village Case Study In India , Neela Trivedi Jan 1992

An Analysis Of Nonformal Education Needs Of Rural Women: A One Village Case Study In India , Neela Trivedi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the nonformal education needs of rural women in the sociocultural context of a village in India. Specifically, the objectives of the study were to examine: (1) the physical, social and cultural milieu that determine women's need for and participation in nonformal education; (2) the needs that can be addressed through nonformal education programs; and (3) the perceptions and attitudes of women toward nonformal education;It was assumed that the needs of women are determined by and grow out of the sociocultural context and therefore can be adequately understood only in terms ...


Senior Center Counseling Services: A National Survey, James Dean Thompson Jan 1992

Senior Center Counseling Services: A National Survey, James Dean Thompson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Two hundred twenty-eight National Institute of Senior Center members, representing a 50.1% response rate to a national survey, completed a questionnaire regarding their centers' present or potential counseling services. Respondents indicated that beginning or continuing to offer counseling programs was important and necessary. Results revealed that lack of funding was the primary reason for not offering or discontinuing counseling services;Almost 45% of the responding centers reported offering counseling for their participants. These centers indicated that, on average, over 65 clients or over 7% of the centers' participants, were utilizing their counseling services. In addition, centers offering counseling programs ...


Segregated Schools, Investment In Education, And Property Values In Maryland School Districts: 1924-1955 , Thomas Tenhoeve Iii Jan 1992

Segregated Schools, Investment In Education, And Property Values In Maryland School Districts: 1924-1955 , Thomas Tenhoeve Iii

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Many theoretical models have been developed which describe the educational investment process. Each presents causal relationships among variables such as birth rates, enrollments or attendance, property values, and per-pupil expenditures. The validity of the relationships among such variables as set forth in these theoretical models is tested in a vector-autoregressive setting using Maryland grade school data during the segregated schooling era. The period covered is from 1924 to 1955. A vector-autoregressive approach is taken because it makes no a priori assumptions about variable relationships. The causal structure of the vector-autoregressive model alone empirically determines the relationships of the relevant variables ...


Perceptions And Values Of Secondary Education As Expressed By Professional Foresters , Grant Morris Tipton Iii Jan 1992

Perceptions And Values Of Secondary Education As Expressed By Professional Foresters , Grant Morris Tipton Iii

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to answer two key questions: First, should forestry education be integrated into Oregon's overall public instruction; and more specifically, into that of the secondary education component? Second, if forestry education should be integrated into Oregon secondary instruction, what educational units should constitute the curriculum? The membership of the Oregon Society of American Foresters was used as the frame for this investigation. The sample consisted of 400 randomly selected respondents;Data were collected through the use of a survey instrument. In addition to demographic information about the respondent, the instrument was designed to determine ...


Biotechnology Research And The Public University: An Assessment Of The Social And Organizational Impacts , William Joseph Kinney Jan 1992

Biotechnology Research And The Public University: An Assessment Of The Social And Organizational Impacts , William Joseph Kinney

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In 1986, the State of Iowa appropriated approximately 17 million to implement a program of biotechnology research and development at Iowa State University. The purpose of the research program was to use state research facilities and staff to develop new technologies that would aid in the State's plan of economic recovery and development. However, the large infusion of public research funding may have had impacts on the university structure that were both unintended and unforseen at the time of the original appropriation;This study utilizes comprehensive records of all university research expenditures for the period 1983/1984-1989/1990, as ...


An Examination Of Six Constituent Groups' Perceptions Of The Need To Increase Participation In Educational Decision-Making In Taiwan, The Republic Of China , Thomas Han-Yuan Wang Jan 1992

An Examination Of Six Constituent Groups' Perceptions Of The Need To Increase Participation In Educational Decision-Making In Taiwan, The Republic Of China , Thomas Han-Yuan Wang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine six constituent groups' perceptions of the need to increase participation in educational decision-making in Taiwan, the Republic of China;A five-part, fifty-four item questionnaire to determine respondents' perceptions on the need for change in the educational decision-making process, the degree of public involvement, and areas of involvement for local education administration in Taiwan was developed by the researcher. The sample consisted of 409 subjects who were categorized as: directors of the Bureau of Education, central office staff, principals, teachers, parents, and community members in Taiwan. Demographic factors such as district type, gender ...


A Study Of Chronic Self-Injurious Behaviors In Nonretarded Adults , Phyllis J. Nelson Priest Jan 1992

A Study Of Chronic Self-Injurious Behaviors In Nonretarded Adults , Phyllis J. Nelson Priest

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A study was conducted to investigate chronic self-injurious behaviors (SIB) in nonretarded adults. Sixty-three subjects (47 females, 16 males), obtained primarily by clinician referrals, voluntarily completed retrospective questionnaires which were followed by 1- to 3-hour private, face-to-face interviews with the researcher. Data collected about chronic SIB were: (a) onset, (b) modalities, (c) frequency, (d) reasons for SIB from subjects' perceptions, (e) factor/situations reported being associated with SIB, (f) subjects' reports of pain and/or pleasure in SIB, (g) subjects' specific affects/cognitions immediately pre and post self-injury, (h) incidence of childhood abuse, (i) gender and relationship of the abuser ...


Investigation Of The Status Of International Education In Colleges Of Education At Land-Grant And State Universities , Jing-Qiu Liu Jan 1992

Investigation Of The Status Of International Education In Colleges Of Education At Land-Grant And State Universities , Jing-Qiu Liu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The increasing interdependence among nations in this world has created a growing need for internationally educated citizens. Indeed, international education is becoming an integral part of the complex educational process;The quality of international education at Colleges or at Schools of Education in public higher institutions of learning reflects the understanding of the significance of international education by administrators of these institutions as well as their efforts towards that end. Education provided at universities also has the potential influence upon the quality of international education at elementary and secondary schools. The problem of this study was to investigate the nature ...


An Analysis Of Power And Stress Using Cybernetic Epistemology , Randall Robert Lyle Jan 1992

An Analysis Of Power And Stress Using Cybernetic Epistemology , Randall Robert Lyle

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation unites two papers intended for publication in professional journals. The dissertation begins with a general introduction to cybernetic epistemology which functions as the foundation for the analyses accomplished in the two papers. The Myth of Power and the Power of Myth is concerned with examining how cybernetic epistemology alters our understanding and use of the concept of power in our lives and in our society. Toward a Vibrant Stress Model presupposes a cybernetic epistemology as it creates an alternative model for the understanding and explanation of the experience of stress in human lives. Individually, each of the papers ...


Swing Manager Selection In Fast Food Restaurants , Michael T. Machatton Jan 1992

Swing Manager Selection In Fast Food Restaurants , Michael T. Machatton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The objectives of the present study were to (a) develop an interview procedure for selection of fast food restaurant swing managers that would be valid, reliable, and usable, and (b) determine the personal, situational, and business characteristics that best predict swing manager performance. Instrument development and pilot testing were conducted in Iowa with the assistance of a six-person advisory panel. The developed instrument, the Swing Manager Selection Guide (SMSG), used structured interview questions and pre-interview performance review data to assign numerical scores to all candidates for swing manager positions;Field testing was conducted in Wisconsin over a 1-year period with ...


An Assessment Of Field-Level Extension Agent Inservice Training Needs Related To The Educational Process As Perceived By Extension Personnel In The Sabah State Department Of Agriculture, Malaysia , Abdul Rahim Awang Jan 1992

An Assessment Of Field-Level Extension Agent Inservice Training Needs Related To The Educational Process As Perceived By Extension Personnel In The Sabah State Department Of Agriculture, Malaysia , Abdul Rahim Awang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was conducted to identify and analyze the training needs of Agricultural Technicians (ATs), the field-level extension agents, in professional competency areas of agricultural extension related to the educational process. The objectives were to: (1) identify inservice training needs of ATs in the identified areas; (2) determine relationships between the perceived training needs of ATs and the training needs of ATs as perceived by extension supervisors; (3) determine relationships between ATs' and extension supervisors' perceived level of importance to extension; (4) investigate the relationships between individual demographic data and the perceived training needs of ATs; (5) identify the preferences ...


A Comparative Analysis Of Pre-Collegiate Students' College Preparation Determined By Academic Achievement, Achievement Test Performance, And Learning Style Preference , Bobby James Beavers Jan 1992

A Comparative Analysis Of Pre-Collegiate Students' College Preparation Determined By Academic Achievement, Achievement Test Performance, And Learning Style Preference , Bobby James Beavers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The main purpose of the study was to examine the relationships among demographic characteristics, standardized achievement test performance, academic performance in college preparatory courses, and learning style preference of economically and educationally disadvantaged students;The data were collected from 804 high school students in grades 9-12 from eight Upward Bound programs located in the midwest, south, and southwest. Six achievement tests, one learning style inventory, and one study habit survey was utilized to report data along with students' high school grade reports;The research design utilized the ex post facto research design--General Linear Models Procedure (GLM), correlational analysis, analysis of ...