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1992

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Expanding Horizons: The Reading Bookbag To Go, Char M. Lemons Dec 1992

Expanding Horizons: The Reading Bookbag To Go, Char M. Lemons

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

The Reading Bookbag To Go can be tailored to fit your classroom's needs. Create a theme, include puppets, posters, store bought taped stories and blank story writing books — whatever coordinates with your curriculum or sea son of the year. The Reading Bookbag that I have used consists of a compact and simple (goof proof) cassette recorder and a durable, waterproof tote bag. Laminated identification tags are attached to the tote bags and each cassette recorder is engraved with an identification number. A teacher can arrange for a different student to take the bookbag home nightly, or use the bookbag ...


Children's Books, Rick Kowalski, Karen Welch, Jeanne M. Jacobson Dec 1992

Children's Books, Rick Kowalski, Karen Welch, Jeanne M. Jacobson

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Tony Blundell (1991). Beware of Boys; Eve Merriam (1992). Fighting Words; Marisabina Russo (1992). Alex is My Friend; James Stevenson (1992). Monty; Roland Edwards (1992). Tigers; Peter Sis (1992). An Ocean World; Ann Jonas (1992). The Thirteenth Clue; Elsa Marston (1992). Runaway Gazebo


An Analysis Of Children's Responses To Storybook Characters In Non-Traditional Roles, Dianna D. Anderson, Joyce E. Many Dec 1992

An Analysis Of Children's Responses To Storybook Characters In Non-Traditional Roles, Dianna D. Anderson, Joyce E. Many

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Sex role stereotypes have been investigated in text materials (Rupley, Garcia and Longnion, 1981; Scott and Feldman-Summers, 1979; Taylor, 1973) and in children's literature (Ashby and Wittmaier, 1978; DeLisi and Johns, 1984; Donlan, 1972; Key, 1971; Kropp and Halverson, 1983; Styer, 1975; Weitzman, 1972; Winkeljohann and Gallant, 1980). These studies have examined the stereotypical roles portrayed by male and female characters, in terms of the way the males and females are presented in the material. Findings indicate change in sex roles to be slow; males still tend to be viewed as active and achieving while girls are passive and ...


Thematic Units: A Scottish Approach To Literature-Based Education, Barbara Erwin, Cheryl Hines, Carol Curtis Dec 1992

Thematic Units: A Scottish Approach To Literature-Based Education, Barbara Erwin, Cheryl Hines, Carol Curtis

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Lisa Nicoli and Sara, both aged seven, stood at the computer composing the following retelling of the story Katie Morag and the Two Grandmothers by Mairi Hedderwick.


Teachers Reflect On Their Experience As Readers: The Literacy Club Luncheon, Carolyn S. Andrews-Beck, James Rycik Dec 1992

Teachers Reflect On Their Experience As Readers: The Literacy Club Luncheon, Carolyn S. Andrews-Beck, James Rycik

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Just as teachers who write are best able to act as guides for less experienced writers (Graves, 1983; Murray, 1985; Calkins, 1991; Atwell, 1985), teachers who see them selves as readers - who are aware of the requirements and strategies of the reader's role - are best able to guide young readers (Smith, 1982; Bleich, 1985; Hansen, 1987). For this reason, it is important for teachers to keep their membership in the "literacy club" (Smith, 1985) current by attending regular meetings.


Basal Reader Alteration: A Creative Way To Put Schema Theory Into Classroom Practice, Sandra K. Moser, Samuel A. Perez Dec 1992

Basal Reader Alteration: A Creative Way To Put Schema Theory Into Classroom Practice, Sandra K. Moser, Samuel A. Perez

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Alteration of the typical basal lesson format is an out growth of research on schema theory. Reutzel (1985) has suggested that while most basals emphasize post-reading assessment, "schema theory punctuates the importance of the prereading stage of the reading lesson" (p. 194). One reason for the alteration of the traditional basal format is that basal instruction often fails to compensate for inadequate student background knowledge. In a study of three elementary basal series, Afflerbach and Walker (1990) found that in 407 instructional units assessed, over half assumed that students possessed the prior knowledge necessary to understand the text. This finding ...


Documentary Perspective Of Bibliotherapy In Education, Johnson A. Afolayan Dec 1992

Documentary Perspective Of Bibliotherapy In Education, Johnson A. Afolayan

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Implemented correctly, bibliotherapy may prove one of the better techniques in dealing with emotional conflicts among children and adolescents, as research reminds us that periods of development are critically contingent upon self-concepts and how individuals believe they are perceived by significant others. Because many individuals (children and adolescents) are reluctant to verbalize emotions such as fear, rejection, and depression openly, carefully selected books allow these individuals to understand themselves better, learn from the experiences of others and contemplate possible solutions to problems (Schrank, 1982). The purpose of this article is to provide knowledge and understanding of the history, concept and ...


Oral Language, Literacy And Schooling: Kindergarten Years, Karen F. Thomas, Steven D. Rinehart, Sherrie K. Wampler Dec 1992

Oral Language, Literacy And Schooling: Kindergarten Years, Karen F. Thomas, Steven D. Rinehart, Sherrie K. Wampler

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

This article reports the findings from the second year of a three year study following four children from a prekindergarten Headstart program through first grade. Grounded in the developmental theories of Vygotsky (1986), who has asserted the importance of social interaction and language learning, and Halliday (1975), who has provided a sociolinguistic framework for children learning language in social functions that promote meaning in their lives, it is an attempt to document the impact of oral language on young children's reading and writing. In the initial year of this study, we identified four children who demonstrated varying levels of ...


The Multidimensional Reading Instruction Observation Scale, Patrick P. Mccabe Dec 1992

The Multidimensional Reading Instruction Observation Scale, Patrick P. Mccabe

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

The Multidimensional Reading Instruction Observation Scale is a formative evaluative instrument which can be used to judge the quality of reading instruction by recording the nature of the interaction between the student and the teacher along three dimensions critical to quality instruction: cognitive processes, affective processes, and management skills. Cognitive processes are those behaviors which are directed toward acquiring strategies or skills (to improve reading). Affective processes are those behaviors which influence the self-concept of the learner. Management skills are those behaviors which demonstrate ability to utilize components of the learning environment effectively.


Expanding Horizons: Writing Cliffhangers, Jerry Phillips Dec 1992

Expanding Horizons: Writing Cliffhangers, Jerry Phillips

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Cliffhangers are story points which leave the reader in suspense. I recommend writing cliffhangers as a way of engaging students in the writing process. In this exercise students take three steps recommended by writing educators toward effective writing. First, they develop raw written material during several minutes of nonstop freewriting (Elbow, 1981). Second, they reread material, searching until they find a focus to develop further (Murray, 1987). Third, they publish a book when finished (Calkins, 1986).


Reading: The Conferences, Jeanne M. Jacobson Dec 1992

Reading: The Conferences, Jeanne M. Jacobson

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Among the presentations at the International Reading Association's world conference held last summer in Maui were a series of round table sessions sponsored by the Organization of Teacher Educators in Reading (OTER). One focus of the papers shared by members of the OTER Special Interest Group was on issues in assessment.


Reviews: Professional Materials, Paul Farber Dec 1992

Reviews: Professional Materials, Paul Farber

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Henderson, James G. (1992). Reflective Teaching: Becoming an Inquiring Educator.


Reading Horizons Vol. 33, No. 2 Dec 1992

Reading Horizons Vol. 33, No. 2

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Complete Issue of Reading Horizons, volume 33, issue 2.


Using Newspapers With Remedial Secondary Students To Improve Reading And Writing Literacy, Deborah G. Phelps, Donald D. Pottorff Oct 1992

Using Newspapers With Remedial Secondary Students To Improve Reading And Writing Literacy, Deborah G. Phelps, Donald D. Pottorff

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Literacy has gained national attention and continues to concern educators, parents, and a business community that relies on a literate work force. The use of newspapers in the classroom with secondary remedial reading students is a supplementary strategy that is worthy of attention. Newspapers provide special elements that have been well received by secondary students with reading problems.


Trends In Statewide Reading Assessment: A Closer Look, William A. Henk, Robert J. Rickelman Oct 1992

Trends In Statewide Reading Assessment: A Closer Look, William A. Henk, Robert J. Rickelman

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

In recent years significant changes in our thinking about reading have ushered in a much needed reform movement in reading assessment practices. The formal origins of this shift can be traced to exciting developments in statewide reading assessments that were rightly touted in the professional literature during the latter 1980s (Carbo, 1988; Illinois State Board of Education, 1988; Roeber and Dutcher, 1989; Wixson, Peters, Weber, and Roeber, 1987; Valencia, Pearson, Peters, and Wixson, 1989). Reports about truly innovative testing practices in pioneer states such as Michigan and Illinois seemed to signal the beginning of a national trend in reading assessment ...


What Is Important In Reading In Middle Level Classrooms: A Survey Of Classroom Teachers' Perceptions, Tom Davidson, George H. Mcninch Oct 1992

What Is Important In Reading In Middle Level Classrooms: A Survey Of Classroom Teachers' Perceptions, Tom Davidson, George H. Mcninch

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Should reading instruction in middle level schools be aimed at helping youngsters to acquire more specific, isolated skills of how to read? Or should the focus of reading in middle level schools be on assisting learners to become readers? An answer to both of these critical questions might be — yes. Middle level learners (10 to 14 years old) should grow both in their skillfulness as readers and in the process of becoming readers. Research data and current instructional practices can be found to support both of these positions.


How Can We Use What We Know About Questioning Skills To Develop Literate Thinkers?, Bonnie B. Thomas Oct 1992

How Can We Use What We Know About Questioning Skills To Develop Literate Thinkers?, Bonnie B. Thomas

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

As the critical thinking movement has developed and corresponding research has been reported, a wide body of knowledge has developed around the skill of questioning as a means of developing critical thinking. Effective teachers from Socrates to the present day have sought to do more than transmit facts to students. Teachers have tried to help students develop skills in problem-solving, analyzing, evaluating and interpreting information. A typical teacher does this by asking hundreds of questions on a given day. The prevalence of this type of teaching has been found in reviews of research on teachers' questions which include studies going ...


Children's Books, Mary Radtke, Sherry R. Myers, Jeanne M. Jacobson Oct 1992

Children's Books, Mary Radtke, Sherry R. Myers, Jeanne M. Jacobson

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Alain Leonard (1992). Barnaby and the Big Gorilla; Holly Keller (1991). Island Baby; Anthony Browne (1992). Through the Magic Mirror; John Greenleaf Whittier (1992). Barbara Frietchie; Lydia Dabcovich (1992). The Keys to My Kingdon: A Poem in Three Languages; Charlotte Zolotow (1992). This Quiet Lady


Instruction Meets Learner: Success Of An Inner-City Learner In A Traditional First Grade Classroom, Ellen Mcintyre Oct 1992

Instruction Meets Learner: Success Of An Inner-City Learner In A Traditional First Grade Classroom, Ellen Mcintyre

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

In my language arts methods courses at the university, I spend time demonstrating the efficacy of a meaning-based curriculum. Students spend time in my classes reading and writing for functional purposes. They collaborate on assignments and choose many of the projects from an extensive list. They even design their own exams. I try to engage my students in activities which are alternatives to traditional instruction, so that they will teach young children in similar ways. Yet, I always have some students who argue for traditional instruction. One student may say, "It worked for me," while another might question, "If it ...


Fostering Multi-Cultural Awareness: Books For Young Children, Doris Walker-Dalhouse Oct 1992

Fostering Multi-Cultural Awareness: Books For Young Children, Doris Walker-Dalhouse

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Parents are children's first teachers, and in this capacity the home provides the foundation for their later literacy development (Vacca, Vacca and Gove,1987). Parents also transmit values and shape attitudes about people who function as the core for children's socialization in the school and larger community. Therefore attempts at multicultural education should, ideally, entail the active participation of parents. Thomas Sobol, Commissioner of Education and President of the University of the State of New York, believes that young children at home or in preschool need help at home and school in order to understand diversity. They must ...


Reading: The Conferences, Jeanne M. Jacobson Oct 1992

Reading: The Conferences, Jeanne M. Jacobson

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

At the International Reading Association's annual convention last spring, several presentations were devoted to the topic of literature-based themes. For a session on "Extending Students' Curiosity and Knowledge: Developing Interdisciplinary Expertise in Print Rich Environments," the featured speakers were Deborah Rowe and Charles Kinzer of Peabody College of Vanderbilt University, and Jeanne Peter from the Vanderbilt University Child Care Center.


Reviews: Professional Materials, Christine Drikakis, Jeanne M. Jacobson Oct 1992

Reviews: Professional Materials, Christine Drikakis, Jeanne M. Jacobson

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Lehr, Susan S. (1991). The Child's Developing Sense of Theme: Responses to Literature; Robinson, Richard D. (1991). Teacher Effectiveness and Reading Instruction


Whole Language Collaboration Project: Implementing Change In One Elementary School, Grace Shepperson, Robert J. Nistler Oct 1992

Whole Language Collaboration Project: Implementing Change In One Elementary School, Grace Shepperson, Robert J. Nistler

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

The purpose of this article is to describe the impact of the initial phase of a long-term inservice program aimed at restructuring one elementary school's literacy program. It focuses on observed changes that occurred as teachers became active participants in staff development sessions designed around effective change principles. Fannin Elementary School in Grand Prairie, Texas, is a multi-eth nic, urban elementary school situated in a neighborhood changing from lower middle socioeconomic status to low socioeconomic status. Nearly seventy percent of the children enrolled in the school qualify for free or reduced lunch. At least half of the population is ...


Reading Horizons Vol. 33, No. 1 Oct 1992

Reading Horizons Vol. 33, No. 1

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Complete Issue of Reading Horizons, volume 33, issue 1.


Reconsidering Instructional Groupings, Richard L. Allington Jun 1992

Reconsidering Instructional Groupings, Richard L. Allington

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

For over a half-century elementary school teachers have organized students for reading instruction into achievement groupings (sometimes mislabeled "ability groups"). The traditional three group scheme-top, middle and bottom-was recommended shortly after the turn of the century as a better alternative to whole class instruction. The three group scheme has come under increasing scrutiny over the past few years as American society changed and our understanding of how children learn to read and write increased.


Creating A Disabled Reader: A Father's Perspective, Jerry Phillips Jun 1992

Creating A Disabled Reader: A Father's Perspective, Jerry Phillips

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Parents want their children to be competent in reading so the children can play the game on a level field.


The Non-Traditional Student, Brenda J. Wickey Jun 1992

The Non-Traditional Student, Brenda J. Wickey

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Tired of the mediocre educational system in which she was trapped and the aimless direction in which it was taking her, she dropped out of school after her junior year, got a job in a factory, and was married that fall. Two years later she became a mother. The years that followed were happy, busy ones for her husband and her. They had four sons within five years. He began his own business and became quite successful. She was happy with her life, her family, her friends. Yet her husband knew. She wanted to teach.


Reading Horizons Vol. 32, No. 5 Jun 1992

Reading Horizons Vol. 32, No. 5

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Complete issue of Reading Horizons, volume 32, issue 5.


Article Index Jun 1992

Article Index

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Index to articles in volume 32.


A Prologue: What Happens Before Alternative Groupings, Mary E. Hauser Jun 1992

A Prologue: What Happens Before Alternative Groupings, Mary E. Hauser

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

In this introduction I wish to stimulate you to raise questions that will help you to think about what your personal definitions of reading/literacy/language arts are and then to use this knowledge as a background for interpreting and applying the information presented in the articles in this special issue.