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Western News, Dec. 10, 1992, Western Michigan University Dec 1992

Western News, Dec. 10, 1992, Western Michigan University

Western News (1972-2018)

Story highlights: Haenicke one of 36 named to national task force to promote student retention and graduation, Architectural internship program earns statewide honor, C/TO seeks sites, donations for drive for YWCA shelter, Books use techniques of storytellers to portray groundwater resources in Michigan counties, Branclulw elected head of international association.


Western News, Dec. 3, 1992, Western Michigan University Dec 1992

Western News, Dec. 3, 1992, Western Michigan University

Western News (1972-2018)

Story highlights: Catalogs highlight 11artworks and their creators included in year-long Sculpture Tour Program, Final lecture in series to focus on study/work opportunities in E.C., WIDR alumni establish fund for Rossman scholarship, Earhart book gives readers overview of world religions, Holton earns national award, Earhart book gives readers overview of world religions, Cordier explores post-Cold War defense plans, Cotton achieves economic developer certification, Off-campus management students pound keyboards instead of the pavement.


Expanding Horizons: The Reading Bookbag To Go, Char M. Lemons Dec 1992

Expanding Horizons: The Reading Bookbag To Go, Char M. Lemons

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

The Reading Bookbag To Go can be tailored to fit your classroom's needs. Create a theme, include puppets, posters, store bought taped stories and blank story writing books — whatever coordinates with your curriculum or sea son of the year. The Reading Bookbag that I have used consists of a compact and simple (goof proof) cassette recorder and a durable, waterproof tote bag. Laminated identification tags are attached to the tote bags and each cassette recorder is engraved with an identification number. A teacher can arrange for a different student to take the bookbag home nightly, or use the bookbag ...


Geology Newsletter- 1992, Department Of Geology Dec 1992

Geology Newsletter- 1992, Department Of Geology

Geological and Environmental Sciences News

Vol.1, No. 17

  • Faculty News
  • Alumni/ Friends/ Former Faculty Notes
  • New Alumni
  • Awards and Scholarships
  • Geology Development and Scholarship Donations
  • Service Staff News
  • Grand Canyon Raft Adventure


Children's Books, Rick Kowalski, Karen Welch, Jeanne M. Jacobson Dec 1992

Children's Books, Rick Kowalski, Karen Welch, Jeanne M. Jacobson

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Tony Blundell (1991). Beware of Boys; Eve Merriam (1992). Fighting Words; Marisabina Russo (1992). Alex is My Friend; James Stevenson (1992). Monty; Roland Edwards (1992). Tigers; Peter Sis (1992). An Ocean World; Ann Jonas (1992). The Thirteenth Clue; Elsa Marston (1992). Runaway Gazebo


An Analysis Of Children's Responses To Storybook Characters In Non-Traditional Roles, Dianna D. Anderson, Joyce E. Many Dec 1992

An Analysis Of Children's Responses To Storybook Characters In Non-Traditional Roles, Dianna D. Anderson, Joyce E. Many

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Sex role stereotypes have been investigated in text materials (Rupley, Garcia and Longnion, 1981; Scott and Feldman-Summers, 1979; Taylor, 1973) and in children's literature (Ashby and Wittmaier, 1978; DeLisi and Johns, 1984; Donlan, 1972; Key, 1971; Kropp and Halverson, 1983; Styer, 1975; Weitzman, 1972; Winkeljohann and Gallant, 1980). These studies have examined the stereotypical roles portrayed by male and female characters, in terms of the way the males and females are presented in the material. Findings indicate change in sex roles to be slow; males still tend to be viewed as active and achieving while girls are passive and ...


Thematic Units: A Scottish Approach To Literature-Based Education, Barbara Erwin, Cheryl Hines, Carol Curtis Dec 1992

Thematic Units: A Scottish Approach To Literature-Based Education, Barbara Erwin, Cheryl Hines, Carol Curtis

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Lisa Nicoli and Sara, both aged seven, stood at the computer composing the following retelling of the story Katie Morag and the Two Grandmothers by Mairi Hedderwick.


Teachers Reflect On Their Experience As Readers: The Literacy Club Luncheon, Carolyn S. Andrews-Beck, James Rycik Dec 1992

Teachers Reflect On Their Experience As Readers: The Literacy Club Luncheon, Carolyn S. Andrews-Beck, James Rycik

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Just as teachers who write are best able to act as guides for less experienced writers (Graves, 1983; Murray, 1985; Calkins, 1991; Atwell, 1985), teachers who see them selves as readers - who are aware of the requirements and strategies of the reader's role - are best able to guide young readers (Smith, 1982; Bleich, 1985; Hansen, 1987). For this reason, it is important for teachers to keep their membership in the "literacy club" (Smith, 1985) current by attending regular meetings.


Basal Reader Alteration: A Creative Way To Put Schema Theory Into Classroom Practice, Sandra K. Moser, Samuel A. Perez Dec 1992

Basal Reader Alteration: A Creative Way To Put Schema Theory Into Classroom Practice, Sandra K. Moser, Samuel A. Perez

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Alteration of the typical basal lesson format is an out growth of research on schema theory. Reutzel (1985) has suggested that while most basals emphasize post-reading assessment, "schema theory punctuates the importance of the prereading stage of the reading lesson" (p. 194). One reason for the alteration of the traditional basal format is that basal instruction often fails to compensate for inadequate student background knowledge. In a study of three elementary basal series, Afflerbach and Walker (1990) found that in 407 instructional units assessed, over half assumed that students possessed the prior knowledge necessary to understand the text. This finding ...


Documentary Perspective Of Bibliotherapy In Education, Johnson A. Afolayan Dec 1992

Documentary Perspective Of Bibliotherapy In Education, Johnson A. Afolayan

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Implemented correctly, bibliotherapy may prove one of the better techniques in dealing with emotional conflicts among children and adolescents, as research reminds us that periods of development are critically contingent upon self-concepts and how individuals believe they are perceived by significant others. Because many individuals (children and adolescents) are reluctant to verbalize emotions such as fear, rejection, and depression openly, carefully selected books allow these individuals to understand themselves better, learn from the experiences of others and contemplate possible solutions to problems (Schrank, 1982). The purpose of this article is to provide knowledge and understanding of the history, concept and ...


Oral Language, Literacy And Schooling: Kindergarten Years, Karen F. Thomas, Steven D. Rinehart, Sherrie K. Wampler Dec 1992

Oral Language, Literacy And Schooling: Kindergarten Years, Karen F. Thomas, Steven D. Rinehart, Sherrie K. Wampler

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

This article reports the findings from the second year of a three year study following four children from a prekindergarten Headstart program through first grade. Grounded in the developmental theories of Vygotsky (1986), who has asserted the importance of social interaction and language learning, and Halliday (1975), who has provided a sociolinguistic framework for children learning language in social functions that promote meaning in their lives, it is an attempt to document the impact of oral language on young children's reading and writing. In the initial year of this study, we identified four children who demonstrated varying levels of ...


The Multidimensional Reading Instruction Observation Scale, Patrick P. Mccabe Dec 1992

The Multidimensional Reading Instruction Observation Scale, Patrick P. Mccabe

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

The Multidimensional Reading Instruction Observation Scale is a formative evaluative instrument which can be used to judge the quality of reading instruction by recording the nature of the interaction between the student and the teacher along three dimensions critical to quality instruction: cognitive processes, affective processes, and management skills. Cognitive processes are those behaviors which are directed toward acquiring strategies or skills (to improve reading). Affective processes are those behaviors which influence the self-concept of the learner. Management skills are those behaviors which demonstrate ability to utilize components of the learning environment effectively.


Expanding Horizons: Writing Cliffhangers, Jerry Phillips Dec 1992

Expanding Horizons: Writing Cliffhangers, Jerry Phillips

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Cliffhangers are story points which leave the reader in suspense. I recommend writing cliffhangers as a way of engaging students in the writing process. In this exercise students take three steps recommended by writing educators toward effective writing. First, they develop raw written material during several minutes of nonstop freewriting (Elbow, 1981). Second, they reread material, searching until they find a focus to develop further (Murray, 1987). Third, they publish a book when finished (Calkins, 1986).


Reading: The Conferences, Jeanne M. Jacobson Dec 1992

Reading: The Conferences, Jeanne M. Jacobson

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Among the presentations at the International Reading Association's world conference held last summer in Maui were a series of round table sessions sponsored by the Organization of Teacher Educators in Reading (OTER). One focus of the papers shared by members of the OTER Special Interest Group was on issues in assessment.


Reviews: Professional Materials, Paul Farber Dec 1992

Reviews: Professional Materials, Paul Farber

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Henderson, James G. (1992). Reflective Teaching: Becoming an Inquiring Educator.


Reading Horizons Vol. 33, No. 2 Dec 1992

Reading Horizons Vol. 33, No. 2

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Complete Issue of Reading Horizons, volume 33, issue 2.


An Analysis Of The Utilization Of Power By Florence Nightingale 1856-1872, Louise C. Selanders Dec 1992

An Analysis Of The Utilization Of Power By Florence Nightingale 1856-1872, Louise C. Selanders

Dissertations

This historical analysis sought to determine the types of power utilized by Florence Nightingale while providing leadership to major reforms and how these power acts were implemented- The scope of the study was her productive post- Crimean years from 1856 through 1872. Events which were examined included the reform of the health of the British Army including the Royal Commission, the establishment of modem, secular nursing education and the establishment of public health standards in India during British colonization.

The power acts were examined relative to the constituents of power defined by Dahl (1957). The source of power contained subsets ...


Identifying A 9-12 Curriculum For High Schools In The Upper Peninsula Of Michigan, Patrick Manning Dec 1992

Identifying A 9-12 Curriculum For High Schools In The Upper Peninsula Of Michigan, Patrick Manning

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to identify high school graduation standards for high schools in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. The standards should meet the state of Michigan recommendations or standards for high school graduation. In addition, recommendations of local, state , and national studies and commission reports were included. A comparison was made between a ll Upper Peninsula high schools' graduation requirements for both non-college-bound and college-bound students and the Michigan State Board of Education recommended graduation requirements and those of the Michigan College Presidents Council.

Inquiry was made into course cred it requirements for graduation, recommended curriculum for ...


Factors Associated With Success In A Participative Decision Making Program For Supervisors, Managers, And Salaried Professionals, Eric Paul De Nijs Dec 1992

Factors Associated With Success In A Participative Decision Making Program For Supervisors, Managers, And Salaried Professionals, Eric Paul De Nijs

Dissertations

This study was designed to investigate the factors associated with success in a participative decision making program, based on the quality circle concept, involving teams of first-line supervisors, managers, and salaried professionals. The teams were formed to initiate and implement cost saving projects. A total of 35 subjects from six teams participated in the study conducted in a food processing company located in the Midwest. Cross-functional teams representing the main functional areas of a company were ranked on the basis of their success, defined as the proportion of the savings goal the team attained. From this ranking, the top three ...


An Analysis Of Student Math Scores Based Upon Teacher Training In The Instructional Theory Into Practice Model, Martha O'Kray Dec 1992

An Analysis Of Student Math Scores Based Upon Teacher Training In The Instructional Theory Into Practice Model, Martha O'Kray

Dissertations

The main purpose of this study was to determine if teacher participation in Instructional Theory Into Practice (ITIP , Hunter, 1978) training resulted in any difference in student achievement. Student outcomes were measured by scores received on the district's Exit Level Mathematics Test (Roseville Community Schools, 1986).

The study took place in Roseville Community Schools. Six hundred forty-nine students and 32 teachers in Grades 3, 4, and 5 participated.

Fourteen teacher observations were included to confirm the appropriateness and frequency of ITIP strategies in classroom instruction. Observers using the Instructional S kills Observation Instrument (ISOI, Wolfe, 1984) scored non-ITIP-trained teachers ...


The Effect Of Varying Weightload Intensities On Biceps Curl Technique, Jeffrey C. Gailhouse Dec 1992

The Effect Of Varying Weightload Intensities On Biceps Curl Technique, Jeffrey C. Gailhouse

Master's Theses

This study described biomechanical deviations from proper biceps curl technique specifically in the shoulder, trunk, body and knee angles, that occurred in response to varying intensities of an individual's 1 RM (repetition maximum). Ten college age males participated in the study. Subjects were required to perform one repetition at 60%, 70%, 80%, 90% and 100% of his 1 RM. The only differentiating factor was the order in which the five intensities were performed. Condition order was randomized to minimize bias. Movement was filmed with a high-speed motion picture camera, digitized and then analyzed with computer software.

The findings indicated ...


The Effects Of An Integrated Environment On Specific Target Behaviors In Severely Impaired Young Children, Rosemarie R. Smith Dec 1992

The Effects Of An Integrated Environment On Specific Target Behaviors In Severely Impaired Young Children, Rosemarie R. Smith

Master's Theses

Four severely impaired children, ages four to seven, were integrated in a non-handicapped preschool setting during a free play period. A multiple baseline design was used to study the environment's effect on specific target behaviors. No intervention, other than the classroom setting, was implemented to effect levels of these behaviors. The results were mixed with one student showing a marked increased in the desired behavior from.136 occurrences per minute to 1.73 occurrences per minute. However, a second subject's desired behavior decreased from 2.0 occurrences per minute to.194 occurrences per minute. The target behaviors of ...


An Analysis Of The Effect Of Matching Student Learning Style To The Method Of Instruction, Addamae Akin Dec 1992

An Analysis Of The Effect Of Matching Student Learning Style To The Method Of Instruction, Addamae Akin

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine if matching student learning style and teacher teaching style w ill result in any difference in achievement of students in the classroom as measured by the number of students receiving credit in ninth-grade world history classes.

The study was conducted in a mid-size Macomb County, Michigan, school district. Two hundred fifteen ninth-grade students and four teachers participated in this study. World history classes were used because of their heterogeneous grouping and because i t was a required ninth-grade class.

Students were administered the Learning Style Profile (Keefe & Monk, 1986) from the National ...


Characteristics Of Community Foundations At Different Ages And Asset Sizes, Kathryn Ann Agard Dec 1992

Characteristics Of Community Foundations At Different Ages And Asset Sizes, Kathryn Ann Agard

Dissertations

This dissertation identifies a growth pattern for community foundations. The study is based on a comparative review of 89 community foundations selected on a stratified random sample basis from the membership of the Council on Foundations. Changes in the administrative , social, strategic, and technical systems were studied. Measurements were taken on 35 indicators and analyzed through descriptive and correlational statistics .

The findings of this study indicate that there is a pattern to the change in each of the administrative, social, strategic, and technical systems in the foundations studied. The pattern of change is correlated to the two independent variables of ...


Women And Leadership: The Effect Of Gender, Gender-Role Orientation, Socioeconomic Status, And Parental Influence On Women’S Aspirations To Leader Roles, Barbara Katherine Kreuzer Dec 1992

Women And Leadership: The Effect Of Gender, Gender-Role Orientation, Socioeconomic Status, And Parental Influence On Women’S Aspirations To Leader Roles, Barbara Katherine Kreuzer

Dissertations

The objective of this study was to determine which factor or combination of factors are related to the degree to which university women aspire to leadership positions. A random sample of university seniors (N=311) from the business, teacher education, and political science curricula were surveyed by mail. The study attempted to answer the following seven research questions: (1) Are there gender differences among university seniors' aspirations to leader positions, (2) are there differences among university seniors' aspirations to leadership based upon curriculum, (3) are there gender differences among university seniors in their projections of classmates into career roles, (4 ...


A Study Of Selected Strategies For Allocating Funds To Improve County Roads, Ronald E. Reid Dec 1992

A Study Of Selected Strategies For Allocating Funds To Improve County Roads, Ronald E. Reid

Dissertations

Strategies for the ranking of county road improvement projects can be based on a rating that reflects the physical condition of the pavement, a rating that reflects the pavement roughness, a rating that incorporates the combination of physical condition of the pavement and the pavement roughness (its pavement serviceability rating), or a rating that takes into account the age of the pavement and amount of traffic

This study compared the relationship between the strategy of the ranking of each road segment based on that segment's: (a) surface distress rating and roughness rating, (b) surface distress rating and pavement serviceability ...


The Naturalistic Study Of Performance Feedback In A Higher Education Administrative Setting, Karen M. Reese Dec 1992

The Naturalistic Study Of Performance Feedback In A Higher Education Administrative Setting, Karen M. Reese

Dissertations

Examined in this study is the performance feedback provided to administrative staff at the research location and the relationship of that feedback to performance. Data were collected through semistructured interviews from 27 subjects at a small midwestern coeducational public university. Six research questions were investigated: the conditions under which feedback occurs, the sources of feedback and their relative usefulness, barriers to feedback giving and seeking, and the relationship of feedback to performance.

The desire to correct a deficiency was the primary catalyst to informal feedback being given to staff. Supervisors became aware of staffs' deficiencies through observation and complaints from ...


A Longitudinal Study Of The Developmental Kindergarten Program In The Troy Schools, Troy, Michigan, Dennis H. Raetzke Dec 1992

A Longitudinal Study Of The Developmental Kindergarten Program In The Troy Schools, Troy, Michigan, Dennis H. Raetzke

Dissertations

This study evaluated the long-term effects of developmental kindergarten on reading achievement, grade retention, and special education services. Data were collected for 84 subjects from 12 participating elementary schools in Troy, Michigan. Forty-two subjects in the experimental group were matched with 42 subjects from the control group. Pairs were matched according to age within 6 months, gender, and to ta l score on the Developmental Indicators for the Assessment of Learning-Revised (DIAL-R, Mardel1-Czudnowski & Goldenberg, 1983) screening test.

Multivariate analysis of covariance, used to analyze the effects of developmental kindergarten participation on reading achievement over time, indicated no significant results between ...


Western News, Nov. 19, 1992, Western Michigan University Nov 1992

Western News, Nov. 19, 1992, Western Michigan University

Western News (1972-2018)

Story highlights: Centers for Excellence will enhance research capabilities, Bartley elected president of WMU-AAUP chapter, Deming speech to be telecast live for campus viewing, Nobel Prize-winning physicist to speak Dec. 2-3 as part of Visiting Scholars and Artists Program, Pilot version of Computer Competency Test ready, WMU unit earns largest national SME grant this year, Cordier' book chronicles lives of school teachers of the Midwestern plains.


Western News, Nov. 12, 1992, Western Michigan University Nov 1992

Western News, Nov. 12, 1992, Western Michigan University

Western News (1972-2018)

Story highlights: Policy governing student academic rights and responsibilities approved by Faculty Senate, Four gain experience and insight into higher education through internship, New students find a friend in popular UNV 101 course, Economist to present talks on human capital, development, Conference to focus on empowering women, E.C. common defense is topic of Ziring lecture, Johnson to share ideas on teaching black children, Famous geographer here as part of special week.