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Full-Text Articles in Education

Unlv Magazine, Barbara Cloud, Lisa Story Oct 1992

Unlv Magazine, Barbara Cloud, Lisa Story

UNLV Magazine

No abstract provided.


Oasis, Barbara Cloud, Lisa Story Apr 1992

Oasis, Barbara Cloud, Lisa Story

UNLV Magazine

No abstract provided.


A Comparison Of Health-Promoting Practices Of Nevada Rural And Urban Nurses, Donna Nepper Jacobs Jan 1992

A Comparison Of Health-Promoting Practices Of Nevada Rural And Urban Nurses, Donna Nepper Jacobs

UNLV Retrospective Theses & Dissertations

The purpose of this descriptive correlational study was to compare health-promoting lifestyle practices of rural and urban nurses in Nevada. Pender's Health Promotion Model provided the theoretical framework for this study. A total of 266 randomly sampled rural and urban nurses participated in completing two self-administered questionnaires, the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile and a biographical data sheet; Eight research questions were answered in the study. Seven of the research questions sought to determine if significant differences existed between rural and urban nurses on the total Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile (HPLP) and six subscales. No significant differences were identified between the two ...


A Methodological Study And Forecasting Of Room Occupancy Trend In Las Vegas, William Weixia Wang Jan 1992

A Methodological Study And Forecasting Of Room Occupancy Trend In Las Vegas, William Weixia Wang

UNLV Retrospective Theses & Dissertations

The purpose of this research is to develop a systematic methodology for occupancy forecasting and to obtain the future occupancy trend for the Las Vegas hotel/motel industry; A systematic analytical model is developed for generic hotel/motel occupancy forecasting; The analytical model includes log-linear regression models and "other" extrapolation forecasting models for model parameter estimation and optimization; The model is applied to Las Vegas and the U.S. lodging occupancy data from 1973 through 1990 and is used to forecast Las Vegas and the U.S. room occupancies from 1991 through 1993.


A Sample Selective Linear Predictive Analysis Of Speech Signals, Suresh Kumar Venkata Vishnubhatla Jan 1992

A Sample Selective Linear Predictive Analysis Of Speech Signals, Suresh Kumar Venkata Vishnubhatla

UNLV Retrospective Theses & Dissertations

The Linear Prediction Analysis is one of the popular methods of processing speech. But it has problems in estimating the vocal tract characteristics of voiced sounds uttered by females and children. This is because the conventional linear prediction method assumes that all the sample values in each analysis frame are to be approximated by a linear combination of a definite number of the previous samples whether the previous samples include excitation periods or not. Also, the Linear Prediction analysis is easily affected by source excitation; The vocal tract characteristics of signals of short pitch period can be estimated more accurately ...


A Study Of The Relationship Between Anxiety And Social Support Systems, Nancy Knight Miller Jan 1992

A Study Of The Relationship Between Anxiety And Social Support Systems, Nancy Knight Miller

UNLV Retrospective Theses & Dissertations

The study was designed to investigate the relationship between anxiety and social support systems. University students (N = 145) were given two questionnaires. On the first questionnaire the students were required to respond to questions assessing their anxiety levels. On the second questionnaire the students were required to respond to questions assessing the levels of social support which they may have or perceive that they can access if and when they need it. A descriptive analysis of the data was made and significant negative correlation was found to exist between levels of social support and anxiety. Thus, it is important for ...


A Study Of Japanese Guests' Satisfaction With Hotel Attributes And Performance In Taiwan, Chih-Lin Lee Jan 1992

A Study Of Japanese Guests' Satisfaction With Hotel Attributes And Performance In Taiwan, Chih-Lin Lee

UNLV Retrospective Theses & Dissertations

The objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between hotel performance and guest's satisfaction using the evaluative congruity theory framework; The findings indicate that the guest's satisfaction of hotel services is a positive function of the functional evaluative congruity between a guest's expectation of hotel attributes and perceived performance outcome. More specifically, the level of satisfaction is the highest among those individuals who have lower expectations but positive perceptions of performance, followed by individuals who have higher expectations and higher perceptions of performance. Those who have lower expectations and lower perceptions of performance, and those ...


A New Optimization Approach To The Design Of One-Dimensional And Two-Dimensional Finite Impulse Response Digital Filters, Eddie G Awad Jan 1992

A New Optimization Approach To The Design Of One-Dimensional And Two-Dimensional Finite Impulse Response Digital Filters, Eddie G Awad

UNLV Retrospective Theses & Dissertations

The theory for designing finite impulse response (FIR) frequency sampling digital filters can be extended to two-dimensions. The linear phase frequency response can be represented as a linear combination of individual frequency responses corresponding to the filter's bands. The design of two-dimensional frequency sampling filters (FSF) has been treated in the past by using the technique of linear programming to find the optimal values of the transition samples. Although in theory the method guarantees an optimal solution, convergence problems occurred; This paper will introduce some detail of a one-dimensional FSF design technique and then extend these concepts to the ...


Transracial Adoptions: An Alternative Solution, Kitty Lynn Hardy Jan 1992

Transracial Adoptions: An Alternative Solution, Kitty Lynn Hardy

UNLV Retrospective Theses & Dissertations

This research into transracial adoptions indicated that White homes for Black children are a viable adoption resource. In this society Black children who are free for adoption require extra attention from agencies for adoption. The focus of the study was on White homes for Black children, and the racial issues in the community and agency which influenced placement practices; Findings indicated that the community and the agency both were favorably disposed to transracial placements in general, and the study yielded information on racial opinions from both groups. Racially mixed families were socially accepted by the community and the agency. These ...


A Historical Study On The "Eight Revolutionary Model Operas" In China's Great Cultural Revolution, Joe He Jan 1992

A Historical Study On The "Eight Revolutionary Model Operas" In China's Great Cultural Revolution, Joe He

UNLV Retrospective Theses & Dissertations

During the Great Cultural Revolution (1966-1976) eight revolutionary model operas were popularized as a means of transformation the ideology and values of the Chinese people as well as a political tool in struggle between the Maoists and Luists. When Mao realized that his ideals were being eclipsed, he concluded that a massive revolution was inevitable and allowed his wife, Jiang Qing, to direct the "movement of popularizing model operas." The purpose of this study to analyze the operas and their political and social significance; During that decade eight revolutionary model operas were written based on wartime experiences or on economic ...


Validation Of Current Body Composition Estimation Equations For Men Over 60 Years Of Age, Elizabeth Lorain Kelley Jan 1992

Validation Of Current Body Composition Estimation Equations For Men Over 60 Years Of Age, Elizabeth Lorain Kelley

UNLV Retrospective Theses & Dissertations

This study compared five skinfold equations for body composition (Jackson & Pollock's Sum of 7 {dollar}\{{dollar}JP7{dollar}\}{dollar} and Sum of 3 {dollar}\{{dollar}JP3{dollar}\}{dollar}; Jackson & Pollock's Sum of 4 {dollar}\{{dollar}Y4{dollar}\}{dollar} and Sum of 3 {dollar}\{{dollar}Y3{dollar}\}{dollar} for the YMCA, and Durnin and Womersley's Sum of 7 {dollar}\{{dollar}DW{dollar}\}){dollar} with percent fat obtained from underwater weighing. Subjects were ninety-seven adult males aged 60-80 years. Skinfold measurements were taken with Lange calipers and underwater weight (UWW) was determined in a seated position utilizing a load cell system with residual volume (RV) measured at the time of weighing; The skinfold equations achieved a mean correlation of.74 with underwater weighing. JP7 yielded the highest correlation (.78) and DW the lowest (.72). A 1RM-ANOVA indicated that all five equations produced significantly different results than UWW. The data showed that these equations are not as valid with the present study's population as with those from which the equations were derived.


A Study Of Transportation Needs Of Selected Samples Of Frail Elders In Las Vegas, Carolyn Worth Martin Jan 1992

A Study Of Transportation Needs Of Selected Samples Of Frail Elders In Las Vegas, Carolyn Worth Martin

UNLV Retrospective Theses & Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to assess if frail elders in the Las Vegas community had transportation problems and were unable to satisfy their needs. A survey of 103 randomly selected residents (65 and above), was made; The results of the study indicate that a number of factors have a significant relationship with the elders' inability to move or get around. Variables such as low income, health impairments, age related sensory problems and the design and service features of the Las Vegas mass transit systems appear to adversely affect the elders' ability to drive an automobile and/or to ...


Ambrose Bierce: Between Politics And Philosophy, Jeffrey Raymond Macmillan Jan 1992

Ambrose Bierce: Between Politics And Philosophy, Jeffrey Raymond Macmillan

UNLV Retrospective Theses & Dissertations

This study examines the political thought of Ambrose Bierce. Because of his aversion to Gilded Age politics, Bierce did not participate in the political process. As a result, his political thought must be considered from an ideological or philosophical perspective; Examination of his views suggests Bierce was a philosophical conservative much like the "father" of British conservative thought, Edmund Burke. Though many political historians argue American political culture has never contained elements of British conservatism, others claim there has always existed a small strain of Burkean conservatism throughout American political history. This study supports the latter view by holding the ...


An Early Childhood Study Of The Water Cycle, Jolynne Taylor Miner Jan 1992

An Early Childhood Study Of The Water Cycle, Jolynne Taylor Miner

UNLV Retrospective Theses & Dissertations

Young children's understanding of the water cycle was investigated. Sixty children were individually interviewed using the "Survey of Understanding of the Water Cycle." The answers were then scored according to a scale of Four Levels of UnderstanDing A t-test and chi-square test were run. Answers were carefully examined to determine how much young children understand about the water cycle, to see what misconceptions they have about the water cycle, and to compare children's understanding of the water cycle between those children who live in a desert region and those children who live in a mountainous region. The results ...


An Assessment To Determine How A Franchisee's Thorough Understanding Of The Disclosure Statement Would Affect Potential Legal Pitfalls In A Franchisor-Franchisee Relationship, Scott Hadley Witzman Jan 1992

An Assessment To Determine How A Franchisee's Thorough Understanding Of The Disclosure Statement Would Affect Potential Legal Pitfalls In A Franchisor-Franchisee Relationship, Scott Hadley Witzman

UNLV Retrospective Theses & Dissertations

An analysis of a hotel franchisee's thorough understanding of the franchisor's disclosure statement was conducted with franchisee participants from four major hotel chains in Southern California and Las Vegas. An assessment of these results was used to determine if there were correlations between the franchisee's perceived clarity of the document and the number of legal problems subsequently encountered. The results from this paper will give prospective hotel franchisees guidelines to follow that will help them make more informed and intelligent franchise purchase decisions.


An Investigation Of Social Isolation And Well-Being Among The Elderly, Claudia Layne Mehl Jan 1992

An Investigation Of Social Isolation And Well-Being Among The Elderly, Claudia Layne Mehl

UNLV Retrospective Theses & Dissertations

The present study investigated the relationship of objective indicators of social isolation and measures of well-being among the elderly. Respondents consisted of 135 elderly men and women aged 60 and older chosen from the roster of a dental office. The objective indicators included living alone, having no companions, having no confidants, closeness of confidants, having no children, and marital status. Measures of well-being included a life experience scale, a health status scale, a quality of life scale, a satisfaction scale, and a scale that measured material comforts. Results of a canonical correlation analysis revealed a significant relationship among the indicators ...


An Investigation Of Personalities Of Superintendents From Selected Public School Districts Within The Western United States, Craig S Babcock Jan 1992

An Investigation Of Personalities Of Superintendents From Selected Public School Districts Within The Western United States, Craig S Babcock

UNLV Retrospective Theses & Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to establish 16PF personality profiles for superintendents of large and small public school districts from eleven western states, and to determine the significant differences, if any, between the profiles; Sixteen null hypotheses were formulated based on the sixteen primary personality factors of the 16PF. The first of these hypotheses was: There was no significant difference between the mean score of superintendents from large public school districts and the mean score of superintendents from small public school districts on Factor A, Social Orientation, of the 16PF a significance level of.05. The remaining fifteen hypotheses ...


The Validity And Reliability Of A 1-Minute Half Sit-Ups Test, Maria Hortensia Diener Jan 1992

The Validity And Reliability Of A 1-Minute Half Sit-Ups Test, Maria Hortensia Diener

UNLV Retrospective Theses & Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the validity and reliability of a 1-minute half sit-up test to allow for its implementation as a test of abdominal strength and endurance. Subjects (N= 133) performed as many sit-ups as they could in one minute. A test-retest reliability study was conducted for two measuring devices, in which subjects performed the sit-ups twice using the same apparatus. An inter-apparatus reliability study between the two apparatus was conducted, in which subjects performed the sit-ups once for each measuring device. Results showed very high test-retest reliability for both measuring devices and high inter-apparatus reliability ...


The Subjective Nature Of Decision-Makers In The Domain Of Objective Sentence Processing, William Bud Brown Jan 1992

The Subjective Nature Of Decision-Makers In The Domain Of Objective Sentence Processing, William Bud Brown

UNLV Retrospective Theses & Dissertations

Selective incapacitation has been defined as an objective process whereby violent and/or chronic offenders are isolated and given longer prison terms. The purpose of this process is to keep these offenders out of society for longer periods of time resulting in a safer society. Couched within this utilitarian perspective is the assumption that the social sciences have developed a reputable formula from which future criminal behavior can be accurately predicted. This research, a case study of a Nevada presentence investigation unit, found that all convicted offenders are dealt with using the same criteria applied to violent and/or chronic ...


The Structure, Conduct, And Performance Of Nevada's Slot Route Industry, Benedict Dell'orto Jan 1992

The Structure, Conduct, And Performance Of Nevada's Slot Route Industry, Benedict Dell'orto

UNLV Retrospective Theses & Dissertations

The four largest firms in the Nevada slot route industry control over 70 percent of the industry. Its structure was shown to be highly concentrated using the Herfindahl-Herschman index; The individual slot route operators appear to conduct themselves in a non-competitive manner by differentiating their respective products. Each firm in the industry established their own niche either through product or service differentiation; Firms in concentrated industries tend to earn monopoly profits. Yet, using Tobin's q and Jensen's coefficient, we show that Nevada's slot route firms did not earn excess profits, despite the high degree of industrial concentration ...


The Retention Power Of Pre- And Post-Matriculated First Semester Student Perspectives, Anthony Paul Pellegrini Jan 1992

The Retention Power Of Pre- And Post-Matriculated First Semester Student Perspectives, Anthony Paul Pellegrini

UNLV Retrospective Theses & Dissertations

This research analyzed the first semester perspectives of university freshmen at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas during the Fall semester of 1991. This study employed the use of inferential and descriptive statistics on pre- and post-matriculated attitudes and perspectives of a power analyzed, randomly selected sample of freshmen students; Summary of data and conclusions. (1) Some respondents were pleased with their visits to the university while they were still in high school. They perceived that the community was behind the university and that there were strong ties between the two entities. Comments regarding the positive appearance of the University ...


The Recurring Appeals Of The Mormon Rhetorical Vision, Arthur Thomas Challis Jan 1992

The Recurring Appeals Of The Mormon Rhetorical Vision, Arthur Thomas Challis

UNLV Retrospective Theses & Dissertations

This study investigates the recurring appeals of the Mormon rhetorical vision, appeals that help account for the growth of the Mormon Church which is now eight million; Bormann's Fantasy Theme Analysis, a communication model that explains how small groups develop imaginative ideas and concepts called fantasy themes that form rhetorical visions and chain out to society, is the overall methodology used in investigating the Mormon vision, while Fisher's narrative fidelity and coherence, and Rieke and Sillars' American Value Systems are used as procedural enhancements to Bormann's model; This rhetorical vision displays fidelity with three American value systems ...


The Poetics Of Sketch Comedy, Michael Douglas Upchurch Jan 1992

The Poetics Of Sketch Comedy, Michael Douglas Upchurch

UNLV Retrospective Theses & Dissertations

The Poetics of Sketch Comedy labels, defines and analyzes the conventions of sketch comedy. The comic sketch is examined for its structural conventions, and is broken into categories for analysis. The superstructure of variety entertainment, and conventions used to simulate cohesiveness in variety shows are also examined. Included is a review of pertinent literature, a brief historical background and a summary of conclusions with suggestions for future research.


The Principal's Role In The Development Of Teacher Leadership: A Case Study, Carla Jean Steinforth Jan 1992

The Principal's Role In The Development Of Teacher Leadership: A Case Study, Carla Jean Steinforth

UNLV Retrospective Theses & Dissertations

This study explored the principal's role in the development of teacher leadership in a school in the process of change. The single, case study was conducted in a large urban elementary school, grades K-5, within a major, western metropolitan school district. The nature of teacher leadership was examined along with the actions, behaviors, and thoughts of the principal which fostered the development of teacher leadership. Change process activities that were influenced or facilitated by teacher leadership were also studied; Primary sources of data collection included field observations, document reviews, and interviews conducted on a regular basis for a period ...


The Politics Of Aids: An Analysis Of The Aids Coalition To Unleash Power, Brian Edward Graf Jan 1992

The Politics Of Aids: An Analysis Of The Aids Coalition To Unleash Power, Brian Edward Graf

UNLV Retrospective Theses & Dissertations

Since 1987, the AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power (ACT UP) continues to pressure the government, corporate America, and society into confronting the AIDS epidemic. This work analyzes ACT UP as a movement organization. First, the organizational structure of ACT UP is discussed. All aspects (membership, leadership, revenue, etc) which make ACT UP a truly unique organization are elaborated upon. Second, the tactics and targets of opportunity of ACT UP are analyzed. Some of the groups more notable demonstrations are discussed in order to illustrate the evolution of ACT UP. Finally, ACT UP is analyzed in terms of how influential it ...


The Progression Of Photographic Image Manipulation In Communication: An Argument Against The "Revolution" Of Technological Change, Cynthia Lynn Wood Jan 1992

The Progression Of Photographic Image Manipulation In Communication: An Argument Against The "Revolution" Of Technological Change, Cynthia Lynn Wood

UNLV Retrospective Theses & Dissertations

The technology of photographic image manipulation has evolved faster than our ability to consider its implications. This thesis looks at the recent evolution of image manipulation, which some regard as a "revolution." The various stages of technological progression are examined using examples according to Brian Winston's model of technological change. These stages include: scientific competence, ideation, prototypes, supervening necessity, invention, the 'law' of the suppression of radical potential, and technological performance. A review of literature on the topic of photography in communication is included as well as an examination of the early photographers who used image manipulation in their ...


Analyses Of The Structure And Function Of Lower Colorado River Riparian Plant Communities, David E Busch Jan 1992

Analyses Of The Structure And Function Of Lower Colorado River Riparian Plant Communities, David E Busch

UNLV Retrospective Theses & Dissertations

Throughout western North America, riparian ecosystem function has been transformed by anthropogenic influences on riverine environments. Modified flood frequencies, durations or intensities, depressed floodplain water tables, and increased rhizosphere salinities contribute to change in communities formerly dominated by alluvial forest taxa. In addition, the invasion of a naturalized arborescent shrub, Tamarix ramosissima, potentially alters competitive hierarchies and disturbance regimes in riparian ecosystems. To evaluate southwestern riparian community structure and function, comparison of ecophysiological characteristics of dominant woody taxa with site physical parameters was undertaken in riparian ecosystems that are relatively pristine (Bill Williams River) and highly perturbed (lower Colorado River ...


Analysis Of Personnel Interview Questions For Student Affairs Positions At Land-Grant Institutions, Theresa Yi-Chin Tung Chiang Jan 1992

Analysis Of Personnel Interview Questions For Student Affairs Positions At Land-Grant Institutions, Theresa Yi-Chin Tung Chiang

UNLV Retrospective Theses & Dissertations

Personnel issues have always played an important part in any operation. There is no denying the fact that proper selection and placement of individuals could be the key to an organization's success. This study was made to compare the variables assessed and questions asked during final interviews to evaluate the candidates for open positions in the division of student affairs at all public land-grant institutions; The theoretical base for the study stressed the necessity of comparing applicants' abilities. Variables being considered during the interviews were categorized as job knowledge, professional attitude, personal qualities, interpersonal skills and miscellaneous. Using these ...


The Window, The Mirror, And The Stone: A Reassessment Of The Roles Of Mimesis And Opsis In Critical Theory, Andrea J Hanson Jan 1992

The Window, The Mirror, And The Stone: A Reassessment Of The Roles Of Mimesis And Opsis In Critical Theory, Andrea J Hanson

UNLV Retrospective Theses & Dissertations

This thesis develops three interpretive classifications based on mimetic and opsitic verbal structures. First, the classification of the "window" is described. Second, the aspects of the "mirror" are discussed and illustrated. Third, the features of the "stone" are analyzed and clarified; The theoretical description of mimetic discourse is based on M. H. Abrams' pivotal book on romantic literature, The Mirror and the Lamp. This thesis expands upon his critical classifications for mimetic literature and adds an additional classification to deal with opsitic verbal structures, namely the "stone."; The "window" is shown to include discourse that depicts the world or universe ...


The Detection Of Crevice Corrosion In Titanium And Its Alloys Through The Use Of Potential Monitoring, Dave Dror Bergman Jan 1992

The Detection Of Crevice Corrosion In Titanium And Its Alloys Through The Use Of Potential Monitoring, Dave Dror Bergman

UNLV Retrospective Theses & Dissertations

Conventional laboratory crevice corrosion testing requires approximately thirty days and is a simple go/no go test which does not indicate crevice incubation time and propagation. This study focuses on the effectiveness of potential monitoring to detect the onset of crevice corrosion and propagation for several titanium alloys in chloride environments. Utilizing this technique, crevice corrosion initiation is determined after several days, thus a shorter test period is required. This technique may well be suited for field as well as laboratory applications. Crevice corrosion incubation periods and corresponding potential behavior are investigated along with the effect of crevice to uncreviced ...