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1992

Teacher Education and Professional Development

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Preschool Teachers’ Stated Approaches To Imaginary Companion Behavior Among Preschool Students, Sharon Rose Stevens Dec 1992

Preschool Teachers’ Stated Approaches To Imaginary Companion Behavior Among Preschool Students, Sharon Rose Stevens

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the responses of preschool teachers toward students with imaginary companions, in particular, their reactions to situations involving imaginary companions in the classroom settings.

Past research has focused on reflections of individuals who have had imaginary companions in childhood. Professional attitudes toward these children have ranged from very positive to suggestive of mental illness, requiring treatment.

The subjects were 27 female preschool teachers currently teaching nursery school in the western New York region. Eight hypothetical imaginary companion scenarios were devised. Each scenario was comprised of three to five short sentences. Subjects responded to ...


The Impact Of Site-Based Management On Perceived Roles Of Superintendents, Board Chairpersons, Principals And Selected Central Office Personnel In Tennessee School Systems, Narvia D. Haywood Dec 1992

The Impact Of Site-Based Management On Perceived Roles Of Superintendents, Board Chairpersons, Principals And Selected Central Office Personnel In Tennessee School Systems, Narvia D. Haywood

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The introduction of site-based management has had an impact on the operation of school systems in Tennessee; however no one seems to know for certain what that impact was. Findings from this study revealed that there is a basic understanding of the impact of site-based management as perceived by superintendents, board chairpersons, principals, personnel, budget, curriculum, and staff development administrators. Findings also revealed that central office staff and principals, for the most part, perceive that the superintendents and board chairpersons were supportive of site-based management programs. One hundred and eighty-one educators, including board chairpersons, responded to a fifty-four item questionnaire ...


An Analysis Of Student Math Scores Based Upon Teacher Training In The Instructional Theory Into Practice Model, Martha O'Kray Dec 1992

An Analysis Of Student Math Scores Based Upon Teacher Training In The Instructional Theory Into Practice Model, Martha O'Kray

Dissertations

The main purpose of this study was to determine if teacher participation in Instructional Theory Into Practice (ITIP , Hunter, 1978) training resulted in any difference in student achievement. Student outcomes were measured by scores received on the district's Exit Level Mathematics Test (Roseville Community Schools, 1986).

The study took place in Roseville Community Schools. Six hundred forty-nine students and 32 teachers in Grades 3, 4, and 5 participated.

Fourteen teacher observations were included to confirm the appropriateness and frequency of ITIP strategies in classroom instruction. Observers using the Instructional S kills Observation Instrument (ISOI, Wolfe, 1984) scored non-ITIP-trained teachers ...


The Effects Of Retention In Elementary School On Subsequent Academic Performance And Instructional Practices, Janie H. Snyder Dec 1992

The Effects Of Retention In Elementary School On Subsequent Academic Performance And Instructional Practices, Janie H. Snyder

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of retention on the academic performance of students retained in the third and fifth grade during the 1985-86 school year. A follow up study was used to analyze changes in academic test results. Another purpose was to interview teachers who had retained students and teachers who had taught the children the next school year to determine what changes occurred in instructional practices. Forty retained students of Northeast Tennessee were matched according to sex and similar scaled scores on the Stanford Achievement Test. Scores were compared by grade and by year ...


Self-Concepts Of Career Level Ii And Iii Teachers And Career Ladder Eligible Teachers In The Public Schools Of Tennessee, Lois C. Myers Dec 1992

Self-Concepts Of Career Level Ii And Iii Teachers And Career Ladder Eligible Teachers In The Public Schools Of Tennessee, Lois C. Myers

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is a significant difference in the self concept of Career Level II and III teachers and teachers who are eligible to apply but have not elected to participate in the Career Ladder Program in the public schools of Tennessee. The technique of causal-comparative research was used in this study. The Tennessee Self Concept Scale (TSCS), developed by William Fitts, was selected as the appropriate instrument for use in this study. The TSCS is a versatile instrument that measures ten dimensions related to self concept: total level of self esteem, self ...


The Impact Of Site-Based Management On Perceived Roles Of Superintendents, Board Chairpersons, Principals And Selected Central Office Personnel In Tennessee School Systems, Narvia D. Haywood Dec 1992

The Impact Of Site-Based Management On Perceived Roles Of Superintendents, Board Chairpersons, Principals And Selected Central Office Personnel In Tennessee School Systems, Narvia D. Haywood

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The introduction of site-based management has had an impact on the operation of school systems in Tennessee; however no one seems to know for certain what that impact was. Findings from this study revealed that there is a basic understanding of the impact of site-based management as perceived by superintendents, board chairpersons, principals, personnel, budget, curriculum, and staff development administrators. Findings also revealed that central office staff and principals, for the most part, perceive that the superintendents and board chairpersons were supportive of site-based management programs. One hundred and eighty-one educators, including board chairpersons, responded to a fifty-four item questionnaire ...


A Study Of Cooperative Learning At The High School Level, Lisabeth S. Margulus Jun 1992

A Study Of Cooperative Learning At The High School Level, Lisabeth S. Margulus

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to answer the following research questions:

1. Which teacher skills are necessary to implement effective teamwork in a classroom?

2. What kind of learning environment is optimal for implementing effective teamwork in a classroom?

3. In classrooms using teamwork, does greater student achievement occur than in classrooms not using teamwork?

The study outlined the specific teacher skills and described the optimal learning environment for implementing cooperative strategies in high school classrooms. To address the third question , an experimental study was conducted in which sixty-four 10th-,11th-, and 12th-grade Business Applications and Technology students in ...


A Regression Model Of The Interactions Between Higher Education And High-Tech Industries In East Tennessee And Southwest Virginia, William H. Blanton May 1992

A Regression Model Of The Interactions Between Higher Education And High-Tech Industries In East Tennessee And Southwest Virginia, William H. Blanton

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the interactions--(1) research grants and contracts, (2) faculty consultation, (3) employee training, (4) student internships and co-ops, (5) universities sharing firm facilities, and (6) firms sharing university facilities--between higher education and high-tech industries in East Tennessee and Southwest Virginia using multiple regression modeling. The purpose of the study was the development of a vision of what the future could be and the strategies to successfully overcome the threats and enrich the opportunities that exist between higher education and high-tech industries. Data were collected from the engineering and engineering technology faculty at Tennessee Technological University, East Tennessee ...


Predictors Of Success On The New York State Earth Science Regents Examination, Elaine Matthews Welch Apr 1992

Predictors Of Success On The New York State Earth Science Regents Examination, Elaine Matthews Welch

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The 1970 New York State Earth Science Regents Syllabus targeted students who displayed a high degree of ability and interest in science. The State Education Department has been reluctant to define exactly what constitutes a higher ability and interest. However it has often been suggested to represent the top 10 to 25% of any given class. This can lead parents and teachers to wonder if there is a factor that can predict a student’s performance. This master thesis examines a number of variables to determine if any of them can be used to help predict the probability of success ...


Teacher Induction: An Investigation Of Factors That Affect First-Year Teachers' Attitudes Toward Their Jobs, John G. Longcore Apr 1992

Teacher Induction: An Investigation Of Factors That Affect First-Year Teachers' Attitudes Toward Their Jobs, John G. Longcore

Dissertations

This study compared specific induction-year support variables that might affect the attitudes that first-year teachers have about their jobs. Forty-eight first-year teachers from randomly selected school districts in western Michigan participated by completing the Teacher Attitude Inventory (TAI) as a pretest-posttest measure. Each participant also submitted a professional activity checklist which determined the level of support they experienced. All subjects were then divided into a high, medium, and low support group to locate any differences in attitude among the groups. No differences in attitude toward their job among the groups was found.


A Comparison Of Junior High Schools To Middle Schools With Respect To Achievement And Attendance, Darrell Clay Apr 1992

A Comparison Of Junior High Schools To Middle Schools With Respect To Achievement And Attendance, Darrell Clay

Dissertations

During the past 30 years, the middle school movement has been a comprehensive effort to restructure middle level education. Literally thousands of school districts have chosen to change from junior high schools to middle schools for a variety of reasons. Research to support this massive reorganization of American schools has not been evident. The early research did not provide consistent evidence of improvement for middle school students. Most of this early research was based solely on the grade configuration of the schools being compared rather than the conceptual framework of the school.

The purpose of this study was to compare ...


Hispanic Student Teachers' Practice Teaching In Cooperative Learning: Two Qualitative Case Studies, Myrna Colon Jan 1992

Hispanic Student Teachers' Practice Teaching In Cooperative Learning: Two Qualitative Case Studies, Myrna Colon

Dissertations

Purpose: A qualitative case study designed to look at two student teachers' practice teaching experiences using cooperative learning was undertaken during the 1990-1991 academic year. The purpose of the study was to gain insight into student teachers' perceptions in translating theory into practice. Joyce's training model of theory, demonstration, and practice with feedback was utilized to train student teachers in cooperative learning in the college and school setting.

The researcher was guided by four major questions: (1) What happens to the cooperative learning model when student teachers practice it in the school setting? (2) What happens to student teachers ...


A Gender Analysis Of Teacher Feedback In Coeducational Secondary Physical Education Lessons, Paul R. Watson Jan 1992

A Gender Analysis Of Teacher Feedback In Coeducational Secondary Physical Education Lessons, Paul R. Watson

Theses : Honours

The purpose of this study was to examine whether the verbal feedback distribution patterns of teachers in coeducational secondary physical education lessons were gender equitable. Previous literature indicated that inequality in verbal interaction and feedback existed in coeducational secondary physical education classes. This inequality tended to favour males to the disadvantage of females.

Fourteen lessons by male teachers and fourteen lessons by female teachers were video-recorded. The study utilized a modification of the systematic behaviour observation instrument developed by Siedentop (1983). Data obtained were categorized for analysis and interpretation. Statistical procedures were applied to establish the significance of the findings ...


Biotechnology Research And The Public University: An Assessment Of The Social And Organizational Impacts , William Joseph Kinney Jan 1992

Biotechnology Research And The Public University: An Assessment Of The Social And Organizational Impacts , William Joseph Kinney

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In 1986, the State of Iowa appropriated approximately 17 million to implement a program of biotechnology research and development at Iowa State University. The purpose of the research program was to use state research facilities and staff to develop new technologies that would aid in the State's plan of economic recovery and development. However, the large infusion of public research funding may have had impacts on the university structure that were both unintended and unforseen at the time of the original appropriation;This study utilizes comprehensive records of all university research expenditures for the period 1983/1984-1989/1990, as ...


Effects Of Using An Integrated Learning System On Middle School Student Achievement In Reading, Joan Frances Johnson Jan 1992

Effects Of Using An Integrated Learning System On Middle School Student Achievement In Reading, Joan Frances Johnson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Early Mathematics Teaching And Learning In Sudanese Families, Azza Moawia Habib Jan 1992

Early Mathematics Teaching And Learning In Sudanese Families, Azza Moawia Habib

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Study Of The High School Principalship: Relationships Of Selected Job Contextual Factors With Principals' Job Satisfaction, Security, Authority, And Challenges , Keith A. Guy Jan 1992

Study Of The High School Principalship: Relationships Of Selected Job Contextual Factors With Principals' Job Satisfaction, Security, Authority, And Challenges , Keith A. Guy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This investigation assesses the relationships of the following variables with Iowa high school principals' level of job satisfaction: (a) size of school, (b) level of authority, (c) threats to job security, and (d) educational issues seen as challenges. Further, relationships between levels of authority, size of school, job security issues, and educational challenges were identified and analyzed. Data for this study were taken from an existing data set using the "Iowa Secondary School Principals' Status and Opinion Study" compiled in 1989 by the School Administrators of Iowa, Iowa State University, and the University of Northern Iowa;The population was all ...


The Adaptation Of Afrikan Students To Iowa State University , Tina Marshall-Bradley Jan 1992

The Adaptation Of Afrikan Students To Iowa State University , Tina Marshall-Bradley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Within the past two decades there has been a tremendous increase of Afrikan students in the United States (Arubayi, 1981). Afrikan students at Iowa State University are experiencing difficulty in a variety of areas. Economic problems have always been the most severe difficulty experienced by Afrikan students in the United States (Arubayi, 1981). They also experience difficulty in communicating with Americans, (Pruitt, 1978); feelings of homesickness that can often lead to alcohol abuse (Oshodin, 1982); social problems, (Arubayi, 1981; Teferra, 1978; Adelegan & Parks, 1985; Ekaiko, 1981); and food problems (Hossain, 1982), including preparation and consumption of American foods and the procurement of ...


In Search Of The Expert Pedagogue: How Is The Expert Physical Education Teacher Perceived?, Christine Albert Jan 1992

In Search Of The Expert Pedagogue: How Is The Expert Physical Education Teacher Perceived?, Christine Albert

Theses : Honours

Like most professions, teaching needs to be concerned with the notions of expertise and effectiveness. This study aimed to determine how the expert physical education teacher is perceived by pupils, student teachers, and teacher educators. Perceptions were compared and contrasted to identify both areas of discrepancy and consensus with respect to subjects' views of expertise. Subject groups involved in the study consisted of 30 year 10 pupils, 30 student teachers completing a BArts degree majoring in physical education (3rd year), and 28 teacher educators (physical education specific). Perceptions of expertise were determined through the administration of a questionnaire which specifically ...


A Comparative Analysis Of Pre-Collegiate Students' College Preparation Determined By Academic Achievement, Achievement Test Performance, And Learning Style Preference , Bobby James Beavers Jan 1992

A Comparative Analysis Of Pre-Collegiate Students' College Preparation Determined By Academic Achievement, Achievement Test Performance, And Learning Style Preference , Bobby James Beavers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The main purpose of the study was to examine the relationships among demographic characteristics, standardized achievement test performance, academic performance in college preparatory courses, and learning style preference of economically and educationally disadvantaged students;The data were collected from 804 high school students in grades 9-12 from eight Upward Bound programs located in the midwest, south, and southwest. Six achievement tests, one learning style inventory, and one study habit survey was utilized to report data along with students' high school grade reports;The research design utilized the ex post facto research design--General Linear Models Procedure (GLM), correlational analysis, analysis of ...


An Investigation Of The Academic Preparation And Performance Of Student-Athletes At Iowa State University , Gary Irving Wade Jan 1992

An Investigation Of The Academic Preparation And Performance Of Student-Athletes At Iowa State University , Gary Irving Wade

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate and describe student-athletes' preparation for and performance in college. Additionally, the study sought to reflect upon the role of the individual institution in support of the student-athlete's pursuit of higher education. Student-athletes from all intercollegiate athletic sport teams entering Iowa State University in the fall terms of 1981 and 1982 were matched to non-athletes by entry date and race;Hypotheses were tested for significant differences (p ≥.05) in the areas of (1) academic preparation (high school rank and American College Testing composite score), (2) academic success (graduation rate and terms to ...


Parent Involvement And Vocabulary Development In Kindergarten, Carolyn Eckerty Jan 1992

Parent Involvement And Vocabulary Development In Kindergarten, Carolyn Eckerty

Masters Theses

A kindergarten teacher used action research to determine if the vocabulary growth of kindergarten students was influenced by parents being involved in the Tasks For Talented Parents (TFTP) program. A correlational study was conducted to determine the relationship between parent involvement and student's vocabulary development. Kindergarten students (N=58) were administered the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test in August and November. Also in August and November each child's parent completed the parent questionnaire from the Tasks For Talented Parents program. The results indicated a moderate correlation between the answers on the parent questionnaire and the results of the PPVT-R ...


A Field Experience: Teacher Orientation, Rena J. Talbert Jan 1992

A Field Experience: Teacher Orientation, Rena J. Talbert

Masters Theses

The purpose of this field experience was three fold: 1) to determine the existence of formal teacher orientation programs, 2) the contents of the programs, and 3) the level of satisfaction by the principal(s) regarding the formal teacher orientation programs for newly employed teachers. A survey of the high schools in Educational Service Centers 15, 16, 17, and 18 was conducted.

In addition, a thorough review of literature and research associated with the need and benefits from a teacher orientation program was presented. Included in the review was the components of a mentor program.

An analysis of the survey ...


The Relationship Among Professional Recommendations, Certification Standards And Preservice Program Requirements In Early Childhood Special Education, Lisa Gaye Fore Jan 1992

The Relationship Among Professional Recommendations, Certification Standards And Preservice Program Requirements In Early Childhood Special Education, Lisa Gaye Fore

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among competencies recommended by the Division for Early Childhood of the Council for Exceptional Children (DEC/CEC), state requirements for teacher certification, and college and university personnel preparation program requirements for educators working with children with disabilities from birth-5 years of age. The study included all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The groups of subjects interviewed by phone consisted of state Part H coordinators, department of education staff, and college and university professors from early childhood education (ECSE) programs.;Overall the results indicate an increase in the number ...


A Study Of Teachers' Instructional Planning As Revealed By An Analysis Of Objectives, Strategies And Indicators Of Student Achievement, Barbara Sewell Davis Jan 1992

A Study Of Teachers' Instructional Planning As Revealed By An Analysis Of Objectives, Strategies And Indicators Of Student Achievement, Barbara Sewell Davis

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate teachers' planning through an analysis of objectives, strategies, and indicators of student achievement to answer six research questions. The questions were related to the following topics: congruence of content in objectives and congruence of the types of assessment among teachers in school systems using the same textbook; levels of student behavior indicated in the teachers' objectives; the types of strategies and activities used to implement the objectives; the types of indicators of student achievement selected by teachers; and, the levels at which test items were written as related to the levels of ...


The Adoption Of Soil Conservation Practices In Burkina Faso: The Role Of Indigenous Knowledge, Social Structure And Institutional Support , Basga Emile Dialla Jan 1992

The Adoption Of Soil Conservation Practices In Burkina Faso: The Role Of Indigenous Knowledge, Social Structure And Institutional Support , Basga Emile Dialla

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In the West African country of Burkina Faso, soil erosion has long been a concern. The national government has perceived soil erosion a problem for over a quarter of a century. Although institutional support and practices to control the severity of soil erosion are available, attempts to address the problem have met with limited success. This limited success may be related to lack of consideration of the local indigenous knowledge as a restraining factor. Farmers may be reluctant to adopt conservation practices unfamiliar to them;This study, conducted in two villages in the northwestern Burkina Faso investigates the important role ...


Educational Technology Tools Used By Extension Professionals: A North Central Region Survey , Eusebio Dagoberto Torres Quintana Jan 1992

Educational Technology Tools Used By Extension Professionals: A North Central Region Survey , Eusebio Dagoberto Torres Quintana

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research project focuses on the use of educational technology tools (ETt) within the Extension Service and its professional staff in the 12-state North Central Region of the United States. ETt are those pieces of equipment, software, and hardware used by Extension staff members to support program delivery management;The objectives of this study were to investigate the kinds of ETt available, assess the current and future use of these technologies, and identify barriers that prevent their use in Extension programs;The systems and communication theory and behaviorism and cognitive theory are the environment and the framework that support the ...


An Assessment Of Farmers' Participation In Integrated Agricultural Development Projects In Peninsular Malaysia , Bahaman Abu Samah Jan 1992

An Assessment Of Farmers' Participation In Integrated Agricultural Development Projects In Peninsular Malaysia , Bahaman Abu Samah

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to determine the nature and intensity of farmers' participation in Integrated Agricultural Development Projects (IADP) in Peninsular Malaysia. Specifically, the objectives of the study were to: (1) determine the demographic characteristics of the farmers in IADPs, (2) assess farmers' knowledge of IADP, (3) determine farmers' attitudes toward IADP programs, (4) determine farmers' attitudes toward IADP personnel, (5) assess the nature and intensity of farmers' participation in developmental activities in IADP, (6) determine the differences in selected variables among IADPs, and (7) assess the relationships between selected variables and intensity of participation;Data for the study were ...


Perceptions And Values Of Secondary Education As Expressed By Professional Foresters , Grant Morris Tipton Iii Jan 1992

Perceptions And Values Of Secondary Education As Expressed By Professional Foresters , Grant Morris Tipton Iii

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to answer two key questions: First, should forestry education be integrated into Oregon's overall public instruction; and more specifically, into that of the secondary education component? Second, if forestry education should be integrated into Oregon secondary instruction, what educational units should constitute the curriculum? The membership of the Oregon Society of American Foresters was used as the frame for this investigation. The sample consisted of 400 randomly selected respondents;Data were collected through the use of a survey instrument. In addition to demographic information about the respondent, the instrument was designed to determine ...


Attitudes Toward Athletics: A Comparison Of Five Groups , Rosemary Clark Kellenberger Jan 1992

Attitudes Toward Athletics: A Comparison Of Five Groups , Rosemary Clark Kellenberger

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The intent of this study is to assess and compare the attitudes of five groups directly and indirectly related to Iowa State University, in regard to their attitudes toward athletics. The five groups are: Alumni, Faculty, Parents of Student-Athletes, Students and Student-Athletes. Each group consisted of 300 individuals. No existing questionnaire was considered appropriate for this study; therefore, one was constructed. Using the techniques of grounded theory, six different aspects of attitudes were identified from the literature on attitude theory and athletics: Belief, "Basking-In-Reflected-Glory," Benefit to Females, Benefit to Males, Competition, Facts, and Importance. These clusters were used in constructing ...