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1992

Teacher Education and Professional Development

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Teacher As Researcher: A Two-Tiered Model, Barbara B. Nelson Dec 1992

Teacher As Researcher: A Two-Tiered Model, Barbara B. Nelson

Critical and Creative Thinking Capstones Collection

This thesis focuses on an investigation I undertook to enhance my effectiveness to teach mathematics, a subject to which I was assigned, but for which I had not been formally trained. It describes my attempt to construct knowledge through the clinical interview method as to how middle school students construct knowledge about integers and think about the knowledge they are constructing. On one level, I was attempting to learn how students come to understand the concept of integers; on a level, I was creating an understanding of how a teacher can construct knowledge about the construction of knowledge. This two-tiered ...


Metacognition In The Elementary Classroom: An Exploration, Terri Anne Caffelle Dec 1992

Metacognition In The Elementary Classroom: An Exploration, Terri Anne Caffelle

Critical and Creative Thinking Capstones Collection

Metacognition is a practice which enables students to monitor their thought processes in order to think critically. Research indicates that when students are aware of their thinking they become better thinkers. The purpose of this thesis is to encourage teachers to give more attention to metacognition in the classroom. A review of the literature on metacognition is given. Next, classroom lessons are outlined which introduce fourth grade students to metacognition in the context of math problem solving. Finally, an initial assessment is given of how students' metacognitive and problem solving abilities have changed as a results of the curriculum. Before ...


Preschool Teachers’ Stated Approaches To Imaginary Companion Behavior Among Preschool Students, Sharon Rose Stevens Dec 1992

Preschool Teachers’ Stated Approaches To Imaginary Companion Behavior Among Preschool Students, Sharon Rose Stevens

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the responses of preschool teachers toward students with imaginary companions, in particular, their reactions to situations involving imaginary companions in the classroom settings.

Past research has focused on reflections of individuals who have had imaginary companions in childhood. Professional attitudes toward these children have ranged from very positive to suggestive of mental illness, requiring treatment.

The subjects were 27 female preschool teachers currently teaching nursery school in the western New York region. Eight hypothetical imaginary companion scenarios were devised. Each scenario was comprised of three to five short sentences. Subjects responded to ...


Self-Concepts Of Career Level Ii And Iii Teachers And Career Ladder Eligible Teachers In The Public Schools Of Tennessee, Lois C. Myers Dec 1992

Self-Concepts Of Career Level Ii And Iii Teachers And Career Ladder Eligible Teachers In The Public Schools Of Tennessee, Lois C. Myers

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is a significant difference in the self concept of Career Level II and III teachers and teachers who are eligible to apply but have not elected to participate in the Career Ladder Program in the public schools of Tennessee. The technique of causal-comparative research was used in this study. The Tennessee Self Concept Scale (TSCS), developed by William Fitts, was selected as the appropriate instrument for use in this study. The TSCS is a versatile instrument that measures ten dimensions related to self concept: total level of self esteem, self ...


The Impact Of Site-Based Management On Perceived Roles Of Superintendents, Board Chairpersons, Principals And Selected Central Office Personnel In Tennessee School Systems, Narvia D. Haywood Dec 1992

The Impact Of Site-Based Management On Perceived Roles Of Superintendents, Board Chairpersons, Principals And Selected Central Office Personnel In Tennessee School Systems, Narvia D. Haywood

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The introduction of site-based management has had an impact on the operation of school systems in Tennessee; however no one seems to know for certain what that impact was. Findings from this study revealed that there is a basic understanding of the impact of site-based management as perceived by superintendents, board chairpersons, principals, personnel, budget, curriculum, and staff development administrators. Findings also revealed that central office staff and principals, for the most part, perceive that the superintendents and board chairpersons were supportive of site-based management programs. One hundred and eighty-one educators, including board chairpersons, responded to a fifty-four item questionnaire ...


The Impact Of Site-Based Management On Perceived Roles Of Superintendents, Board Chairpersons, Principals And Selected Central Office Personnel In Tennessee School Systems, Narvia D. Haywood Dec 1992

The Impact Of Site-Based Management On Perceived Roles Of Superintendents, Board Chairpersons, Principals And Selected Central Office Personnel In Tennessee School Systems, Narvia D. Haywood

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The introduction of site-based management has had an impact on the operation of school systems in Tennessee; however no one seems to know for certain what that impact was. Findings from this study revealed that there is a basic understanding of the impact of site-based management as perceived by superintendents, board chairpersons, principals, personnel, budget, curriculum, and staff development administrators. Findings also revealed that central office staff and principals, for the most part, perceive that the superintendents and board chairpersons were supportive of site-based management programs. One hundred and eighty-one educators, including board chairpersons, responded to a fifty-four item questionnaire ...


An Analysis Of Student Math Scores Based Upon Teacher Training In The Instructional Theory Into Practice Model, Martha O'Kray Dec 1992

An Analysis Of Student Math Scores Based Upon Teacher Training In The Instructional Theory Into Practice Model, Martha O'Kray

Dissertations

The main purpose of this study was to determine if teacher participation in Instructional Theory Into Practice (ITIP , Hunter, 1978) training resulted in any difference in student achievement. Student outcomes were measured by scores received on the district's Exit Level Mathematics Test (Roseville Community Schools, 1986).

The study took place in Roseville Community Schools. Six hundred forty-nine students and 32 teachers in Grades 3, 4, and 5 participated.

Fourteen teacher observations were included to confirm the appropriateness and frequency of ITIP strategies in classroom instruction. Observers using the Instructional S kills Observation Instrument (ISOI, Wolfe, 1984) scored non-ITIP-trained teachers ...


The Effects Of Retention In Elementary School On Subsequent Academic Performance And Instructional Practices, Janie H. Snyder Dec 1992

The Effects Of Retention In Elementary School On Subsequent Academic Performance And Instructional Practices, Janie H. Snyder

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of retention on the academic performance of students retained in the third and fifth grade during the 1985-86 school year. A follow up study was used to analyze changes in academic test results. Another purpose was to interview teachers who had retained students and teachers who had taught the children the next school year to determine what changes occurred in instructional practices. Forty retained students of Northeast Tennessee were matched according to sex and similar scaled scores on the Stanford Achievement Test. Scores were compared by grade and by year ...


Volume 06, Number 01, Don Forrester Editor Oct 1992

Volume 06, Number 01, Don Forrester Editor

Reaching Through Teaching

Full text of Volume 06, Number 01 of Reaching Through Teaching.


The Academic Workplace (Fall/Winter 1992): Issues Facing Higher Education, New England Resource Center For Higher Education At The University Of Massachusetts Boston, Sandra Kanter, Claire Van Ummersen Oct 1992

The Academic Workplace (Fall/Winter 1992): Issues Facing Higher Education, New England Resource Center For Higher Education At The University Of Massachusetts Boston, Sandra Kanter, Claire Van Ummersen

The Academic Workplace

No abstract provided.


New Fiscal Realities In Higher Education, University Of Pennsylvania Oct 1992

New Fiscal Realities In Higher Education, University Of Pennsylvania

CPRE Policy Briefs

This issue of CPRE Finance Briefs draws from a study conducted by Massy and Wilfer for the Finance Center of the Consortium for Policy Research in Education. The study examines how post secondary academic departments work in order to identify organizational incentives that can improve productivity.


The Muse: Resources For Faculty And Ta Newsletters, No. 5, Fall 1992 Oct 1992

The Muse: Resources For Faculty And Ta Newsletters, No. 5, Fall 1992

Archives of Professional and Organizational Development Network in Higher Education

A Primer for excellence: Attention to details can make a good newsletter great, by Linc. Fisch

Editors' musings: What do readers want?

Filings; Muse news to use: Reap the benefits of newsletter networking

Review of The Editorial Eye, by Ken Zahorski

Selecting quotations: Different voices, different viewpoints, by Laura L. B. Border

Supplement: Reaching Through Teaching, A NEWSLETTER HIGHLIGHTING CLASSROOM PHILOSOPHY AND PRACTICE AMONG KENNESAW FACULTY, VOLUME 6, NUMBER 1, FALL 1992:

WIGS, MORTARBOARDS AND OTHER TRADITIONS, by Don Forrester, Ed., Director of CETL

DR. ]0 ALLEN BRADHAM: 1992 DISTINGUISHED TEACHING AWARD RECIPIENT, by Kenneth P. Gilliam, Ph.D., Associate ...


Unity Through Diversity: Meeting The Needs Of A Changing Student Population, William Welburn Sep 1992

Unity Through Diversity: Meeting The Needs Of A Changing Student Population, William Welburn

William C Welburn

No abstract provided.


Volume 05, Number 03, Don Forrester Editor Sep 1992

Volume 05, Number 03, Don Forrester Editor

Reaching Through Teaching

Full text of Volume 05, Number 03 of Reaching Through Teaching.


Building A Home For Thinking Transfer, Margaret M. Burke Sep 1992

Building A Home For Thinking Transfer, Margaret M. Burke

Critical and Creative Thinking Capstones Collection

Thinking skills development is an important educational goal if students are expected to cope with the challenges of today's rapidly changing world. Teachers attempt to build the foundation for thinking by applying innovative programs that introduce and reinforce critical and creative thinking skills. Yet, educational practitioners and experts in the critical thinking field recognize that even those students who demonstrate mature thinking in school frequently fail to transfer thinking skills outside the classroom. To maximize the possibility for transfer two approaches to thinking skills development were chosen for this thesis. First, methods employed in the classroom included direct instruction ...


Thinking About Grammar In The Middle School: A Study And Recommendations, Jennifer Ault Simmons Sep 1992

Thinking About Grammar In The Middle School: A Study And Recommendations, Jennifer Ault Simmons

Critical and Creative Thinking Capstones Collection

The study involved 53 sixth graders in a small, rural town in southeastern Massachusetts. Its purpose was to identify some of the grammatical concepts held by these students. The survey is presented. Briefly, these students lack understanding of basic grammatical concepts (such as the subject/verb relationship and subject versus object). These and other misconceptions indicate that students do not understand the role of word function in language. A central finding about students' attitudes toward grammar study is that students do not realize that they have intuitive knowledge of their native language. Although students are not sure what grammar is ...


Critical And Creative Thinking And Humor, Regina Temple Sep 1992

Critical And Creative Thinking And Humor, Regina Temple

Critical and Creative Thinking Capstones Collection

Schools need to be more creative in helping students devise adaptive methods so as the ability to analyze, compare/contrast, and evaluate, and creative thinking behaviors, such as fluency, flexibility, and originality, are needed to solve the complex problems which students face in today's world. This thesis suggests the idea that humor, particularly humor resulting from the recognition and resolution of incongruity, found in jokes, puns, metaphors and visual representations, is related to and can facilitate the basic processes of critical and creative thinking, and hence facilitate complex problem solving. This thesis examines the importance of finding ways to ...


Variations In Dicto-Comp, Ayesha Bashiruddin Jul 1992

Variations In Dicto-Comp, Ayesha Bashiruddin

Institute for Educational Development, Karachi

No abstract provided.


A Study Of Cooperative Learning At The High School Level, Lisabeth S. Margulus Jun 1992

A Study Of Cooperative Learning At The High School Level, Lisabeth S. Margulus

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to answer the following research questions:

1. Which teacher skills are necessary to implement effective teamwork in a classroom?

2. What kind of learning environment is optimal for implementing effective teamwork in a classroom?

3. In classrooms using teamwork, does greater student achievement occur than in classrooms not using teamwork?

The study outlined the specific teacher skills and described the optimal learning environment for implementing cooperative strategies in high school classrooms. To address the third question , an experimental study was conducted in which sixty-four 10th-,11th-, and 12th-grade Business Applications and Technology students in ...


Cultural Diversity And Library And Information Science Curriculum, William Welburn May 1992

Cultural Diversity And Library And Information Science Curriculum, William Welburn

William C Welburn

No abstract provided.


Creative Problem Solving: Nine Model Lessons On The Rainforest, Christine Morton May 1992

Creative Problem Solving: Nine Model Lessons On The Rainforest, Christine Morton

Critical and Creative Thinking Capstones Collection

The need for imparting critical and creative thinking skills to students has never been greater. No longer can students be expected to absorb passively each aspect of their education without the means of understanding more fully the nature and content of the learning experience. The amount of information currently available for teaching purposes alone is truly staggering. Just as the instructor must choose the most appropriate material for a curriculum, so too must the student decide what will be the moist useful to study from this endeavor. Teachers need to become developers of critical and creative thinking skills, and advocates ...


Using Stress Management To Promote Critical Thinking, Robert L. Schoenberg May 1992

Using Stress Management To Promote Critical Thinking, Robert L. Schoenberg

Critical and Creative Thinking Capstones Collection

This paper examines the effects of distress upon critical thinking and offers a variety of stress management techniques to enhance critical thinking skills. A major theme throughout this paper is that one cannot think clearly when one is distressed. The harmful effects of distress upon critical thinking are discussed in the content of the works of several authors in the field of stress management and cognitive psychology. Several different types of stress reduction techniques are presented and discussed. The critical thinking skills of metacognition, frame of reference and methodological believing are reviewed with a focus on how stress management can ...


A Study Of The Relationship Between Self-Concept And Heterogeneous And Homogeneous Grouping Procedures With Seventh-Grade Students, Wanda Hughes Johnson May 1992

A Study Of The Relationship Between Self-Concept And Heterogeneous And Homogeneous Grouping Procedures With Seventh-Grade Students, Wanda Hughes Johnson

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Homogeneous grouping, a technique which assigns learners by ability levels into class sections for instruction, has undergone considerable controversy. This study investigated the relationship between global self-concept and two procedures used to group seventh-grade students for instruction. The two procedures were heterogeneous and homogeneous grouping The Piers-Harris Children’s Self-Concept Inventory Scale was administered to 76 heterogeneously grouped students and 70 homogeneously grouped students. A T-Test was applied to study the data by total groups. It was concluded that there was insufficient evidence to reject the hypothesis that there was no difference between the two groups.


A Regression Model Of The Interactions Between Higher Education And High-Tech Industries In East Tennessee And Southwest Virginia, William H. Blanton May 1992

A Regression Model Of The Interactions Between Higher Education And High-Tech Industries In East Tennessee And Southwest Virginia, William H. Blanton

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the interactions--(1) research grants and contracts, (2) faculty consultation, (3) employee training, (4) student internships and co-ops, (5) universities sharing firm facilities, and (6) firms sharing university facilities--between higher education and high-tech industries in East Tennessee and Southwest Virginia using multiple regression modeling. The purpose of the study was the development of a vision of what the future could be and the strategies to successfully overcome the threats and enrich the opportunities that exist between higher education and high-tech industries. Data were collected from the engineering and engineering technology faculty at Tennessee Technological University, East Tennessee ...


Volume 05, Number 02, Don Forrester Editor Apr 1992

Volume 05, Number 02, Don Forrester Editor

Reaching Through Teaching

Full text of Volume 05, Number 02 of Reaching Through Teaching.


The Academic Workplace (Spring/Summer 1992): Of Petals And Purposes: The Keene State College Reorganization Of Student Affairs, New England Resource Center For Higher Education At The University Of Massachusetts Boston, Zelda F. Gamson, Delina Hickey, Howard Cohen Apr 1992

The Academic Workplace (Spring/Summer 1992): Of Petals And Purposes: The Keene State College Reorganization Of Student Affairs, New England Resource Center For Higher Education At The University Of Massachusetts Boston, Zelda F. Gamson, Delina Hickey, Howard Cohen

The Academic Workplace

No abstract provided.


The Academic Workplace (Spring/Summer 1995): Today's College Students: Myths And Realities, New England Resource Center For Higher Education At The University Of Massachusetts Boston, Zelda F. Gamson, Arthur Levine Apr 1992

The Academic Workplace (Spring/Summer 1995): Today's College Students: Myths And Realities, New England Resource Center For Higher Education At The University Of Massachusetts Boston, Zelda F. Gamson, Arthur Levine

The Academic Workplace

No abstract provided.


Predictors Of Success On The New York State Earth Science Regents Examination, Elaine Matthews Welch Apr 1992

Predictors Of Success On The New York State Earth Science Regents Examination, Elaine Matthews Welch

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The 1970 New York State Earth Science Regents Syllabus targeted students who displayed a high degree of ability and interest in science. The State Education Department has been reluctant to define exactly what constitutes a higher ability and interest. However it has often been suggested to represent the top 10 to 25% of any given class. This can lead parents and teachers to wonder if there is a factor that can predict a student’s performance. This master thesis examines a number of variables to determine if any of them can be used to help predict the probability of success ...


Teacher Induction: An Investigation Of Factors That Affect First-Year Teachers' Attitudes Toward Their Jobs, John G. Longcore Apr 1992

Teacher Induction: An Investigation Of Factors That Affect First-Year Teachers' Attitudes Toward Their Jobs, John G. Longcore

Dissertations

This study compared specific induction-year support variables that might affect the attitudes that first-year teachers have about their jobs. Forty-eight first-year teachers from randomly selected school districts in western Michigan participated by completing the Teacher Attitude Inventory (TAI) as a pretest-posttest measure. Each participant also submitted a professional activity checklist which determined the level of support they experienced. All subjects were then divided into a high, medium, and low support group to locate any differences in attitude among the groups. No differences in attitude toward their job among the groups was found.


The Muse: Resources For Faculty And Ta Newsletters, No. 4, Spring 1992 Apr 1992

The Muse: Resources For Faculty And Ta Newsletters, No. 4, Spring 1992

Archives of Professional and Organizational Development Network in Higher Education

Sometimes simpler may be better: The case for the traditional one-column newsletter, by Linc. Fisch

Editors' musings: The Muse goes subscription

Filings: Muse news to use

Book review of Language on a Leash by Bruce 0. Boston

Design Review: York University's CORE illustrates an appealing blend of graphic elements

Supplement: Editor to editor, by LeAne H. Rutherford

Supplement: Instructional Development newsletter:

Springboard to the Professoriate, by Paul Treuer and LeAne Rutherford

EGALITARIAN TEACHING: Uncommon Teaching with a Common Touch, by Rick Lichty

THE SAFE CLASSROOM, by Deborah Petersen-Perlman, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Communication

REFLECTING ON WORKSHOPS AND LIFE IN ...