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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Effect Of Varying Weightload Intensities On Biceps Curl Technique, Jeffrey C. Gailhouse Dec 1992

The Effect Of Varying Weightload Intensities On Biceps Curl Technique, Jeffrey C. Gailhouse

Master's Theses

This study described biomechanical deviations from proper biceps curl technique specifically in the shoulder, trunk, body and knee angles, that occurred in response to varying intensities of an individual's 1 RM (repetition maximum). Ten college age males participated in the study. Subjects were required to perform one repetition at 60%, 70%, 80%, 90% and 100% of his 1 RM. The only differentiating factor was the order in which the five intensities were performed. Condition order was randomized to minimize bias. Movement was filmed with a high-speed motion picture camera, digitized and then analyzed with computer software.

The findings indicated ...


The R Value At Vo2 Max During Maximal Graded Exercise Treadmill Tests Of Coronary Artery Diseased And Nondiseased Subjects, Sherry S. Williams Aug 1992

The R Value At Vo2 Max During Maximal Graded Exercise Treadmill Tests Of Coronary Artery Diseased And Nondiseased Subjects, Sherry S. Williams

Master's Theses

This study examined the R value at VO2 max during maximal graded treadmill exercise tests to determine if it was a reliable indicator of VO2 max and could therefore be used as a test termination criterion. The subjects in this study were 160 coronary artery diseased (CAD) patients and 170 nondiseased individuals. Data were collected from existing stress test records. The R value was also analyzed to determine if proportions of diseased and nondiseased subjects were the same. The time it took 100 CAD patients to reach VO2 max and exhaustion once R rose above 1.00 was also examined ...


A Descriptive Study Of The Development And Validation Of A Curriculum Development Process For Occupational Therapy In An Institution Of Higher Education, Alfred G. Bracciano Jun 1992

A Descriptive Study Of The Development And Validation Of A Curriculum Development Process For Occupational Therapy In An Institution Of Higher Education, Alfred G. Bracciano

Dissertations

This was a descriptive study of a curriculum development process for occupational therapy at Saginaw Valley State University in Michigan. A four-stage process was designed and documented. These stages included: (1) feasibility , (2) curriculum design and development, (3) review and evaluation-validation for each component, and (4 ) implementation stage.

The study was conducted to develop a curriculum development process that was academically appropriate for occupational therapy programs for institutions of higher education and which met identified needs as set forth by the feasibility study and the American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA), Division of Education. Further, the study undertook to valid ate ...


Occupational Stress Among Nurse Administrators In General Hospitals In Tennessee, Ruby T. Davis May 1992

Occupational Stress Among Nurse Administrators In General Hospitals In Tennessee, Ruby T. Davis

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the level of occupational stress among nurse administrators and to identify the types of strategies used by nurse administrators to deal with or manage occupational stress. The study examined the relationship between selected demographic variables, occupational stress, and strategies. The research design included five research questions along with seven null hypotheses testing the relationship between occupational stress and demographic variables--age, gender, marital status, years of professional nursing experience, years as a nurse administrator, educational attainment, and hospital bed capacity. There were seven additional hypotheses testing the relationship between the same demographic variables ...


Implementation Of Mandated Health Concepts In The Curricula Of Iowa Secondary Schools , Brenda Lee Mccoy Jan 1992

Implementation Of Mandated Health Concepts In The Curricula Of Iowa Secondary Schools , Brenda Lee Mccoy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The overall purpose of this study was to determine how schools are incorporating health concepts into their curricula. A sample of 148 Iowa secondary school health teachers, 97 (66%) females and 51 (34%) males responded to a health education survey related to two specific purposes of the study, which were to examine: (1) organizational aspects of health curricula for grades nine through twelve, and (2) secondary school health teachers' attitudes toward the eleven health strands that make up one unit of health as mandated by the Iowa General Assembly. The survey consisted of demographic questions, Likert-type attitude statements, rating of ...


Effectiveness Of Training On Algorithms Versus Notation For Indirect Addressing Comprehension , Robert Dee Franks Jan 1992

Effectiveness Of Training On Algorithms Versus Notation For Indirect Addressing Comprehension , Robert Dee Franks

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study compared two units of instruction for overcoming difficulties of beginning programmers in understanding and implementing strategies of indirect addressing. One of the units emphasized the algorithms in which indirection was used, whereas the other unit emphasized indirect notation. Both instructional units were delivered by computer to two introduction to Pascal programming classes. Students in each class were randomly divided so that each student used one or the other of the two units;These units were used prior to and were supplementary to three lectures covering indirect notation. The effectiveness of the units were determined by two posttests. One ...


Consumers' Conceptualization Of Apparel Attributes And Apparel Quality , Liza Kovilagathu Abraham Jan 1992

Consumers' Conceptualization Of Apparel Attributes And Apparel Quality , Liza Kovilagathu Abraham

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Examining the attributes that affect consumers' perceptions of product quality has been of pivotal interest in marketing research. The objectives of this study were (1) to identify and classify attributes that play a significant role at time of purchase and during use of apparel, (2) to compare expectations of apparel attributes at time of purchase with perceptions of attributes as the apparel product is being used, (3) to identify attributes that are predictors of perceived quality at expectation stage and at the post-purchase evaluation stage, and (4) to propose a model for consumers' perceptions of apparel quality;Five focus group ...


A Client-Based Description Of Reflecting Team-Work In Family Therapy , David Norton Brown Jan 1992

A Client-Based Description Of Reflecting Team-Work In Family Therapy , David Norton Brown

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Though the practice of reflecting team-work has a strong theoretical base there has been little research examining its actual use. What has been written is primarily based on the therapist's and/or supervisor's experience, rather than the client's. This dissertation describes clients' perceptions of two different strategies of reflecting team-work that emerged from interviews conducted and analyzed using a moderately structured ethnographic interview methodology. The primary results suggested that reflecting team-work was helpful in providing clients with different perspectives; that in-room teams should be used sparingly during early therapy; that teams should reflect at least twice in-session ...


A Survey Of Nurse Educators' Knowledge, Use, And Perception Of Outcomes Assessment , Beth Marie King Jan 1992

A Survey Of Nurse Educators' Knowledge, Use, And Perception Of Outcomes Assessment , Beth Marie King

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this study were: (1) to determine nurse educators' level of knowledge regarding the antecedents which have led to the outcomes assessment movement in higher education, (2) to elicit from nurse educators their knowledge of outcomes assessment and their usage of such information, and (3) to acquire insights from nurse educators concerning their methods of assessing caring by nursing students;An outcomes assessment questionnaire was sent to the Deans and Chairpersons of 542 baccalaureate nursing programs, all of whom were National League for Nursing accredited. Completed questionnaires were received from 400 programs, resulting in a response rate of ...


Senior Center Counseling Services: A National Survey, James Dean Thompson Jan 1992

Senior Center Counseling Services: A National Survey, James Dean Thompson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Two hundred twenty-eight National Institute of Senior Center members, representing a 50.1% response rate to a national survey, completed a questionnaire regarding their centers' present or potential counseling services. Respondents indicated that beginning or continuing to offer counseling programs was important and necessary. Results revealed that lack of funding was the primary reason for not offering or discontinuing counseling services;Almost 45% of the responding centers reported offering counseling for their participants. These centers indicated that, on average, over 65 clients or over 7% of the centers' participants, were utilizing their counseling services. In addition, centers offering counseling programs ...


Integrating "Smart House" Technology And Barrier Free Design For Housing Elderly And Disabled Persons, William Harry Lueck Jan 1992

Integrating "Smart House" Technology And Barrier Free Design For Housing Elderly And Disabled Persons, William Harry Lueck

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Predictors Of Success On The Nclex-Rn Examination, Kathleen S. Pangle Jan 1992

Predictors Of Success On The Nclex-Rn Examination, Kathleen S. Pangle

Masters Theses

This ex post facto study was designed to determine if the scores of advanced standing LPNs' NCLEX-RN scores were significantly different from those of generic students and to identify predictors of success of NCLEX-RN performance. Based on Bandura's theory of self efficacy it was hypothesized that LPNs would score higher on the NCLEX-RN than generic students. The independent variables were final grades in nursing theory courses (Medical-Surgical, Obstetrics, Pediatrics, and Psychiatric Nursing), and NLN Achievement Tests and the Comprehensive Nursing Achievement Test. The study group included 195 graduates from a small, rural Associate Degree in Nursing program between the ...


Inclusion Of Gregorc's Mind Styles Concepts In Physical Therapy Curriculum And Instruction In Selected Baccalaureate And Post-Baccalaureate Programs, Keith R. Gaden Jan 1992

Inclusion Of Gregorc's Mind Styles Concepts In Physical Therapy Curriculum And Instruction In Selected Baccalaureate And Post-Baccalaureate Programs, Keith R. Gaden

Dissertations

Topic. The topic under study in this paper was the application of Gregorc's mind styles concepts in two baccalaureate and two post-baccalaureate physical therapy programs.

Purpose. The purpose was to determine how these concepts were used while addressing the teaching and learning theory competency of the accreditation standards.

Sources. I examined intra- and extra-classroom activities, noting how information on styles was given and/or modeled to the students. Gregorc's Energic Model of Styles formed the basis for style determination. The research design was multiple-case study (embedded). Accreditation documents, curriculum file materials, handout materials, and videotaped classroom sessions were ...


Anger And Type-Related Coping Resources In The Experience Of Adult Survivors Of Incest, Kathleen M. Giles Jan 1992

Anger And Type-Related Coping Resources In The Experience Of Adult Survivors Of Incest, Kathleen M. Giles

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine from a group of ending stage of treatment or post-treatment incest survivors their experience with anger before therapy, during therapy, and at present, using semi-structured interviews and the following objective measures: STAXI--State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory (Spielberger, 1988), CRI--Coping Resources Inventory (Hammer and Marting, 1988), MBTI--Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (Myers and McCaulley, 1985), a researcher-constructed outcome measure (a visual analog scale of awareness of feelings and symptom improvement) and a researcher-constructed Type-Related Anger questionnaire. Subjects who volunteered to participate in the study were 45 adult female (average 38 years old) survivors of childhood incest ...


Aids And The Academic Community: A Study In University Governance, Ann Dinius Jan 1992

Aids And The Academic Community: A Study In University Governance, Ann Dinius

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the policy making process used in a higher education institution with an academic health center when dealing with social justice issues. How the policy group was constituted, the components of the policy, and policy implementation and oversight issues were included. An attempt was also made to explore factors which could facilitate or impede the policy making process.;The development of an AIDS policy at Virginia Commonwealth University served as the case study. This institution, with one of the ten largest academic health centers in the United States, is a state-supported urban research ...


Leadership Development In Higher Education For Public Health, Grace Peak Erickson Jan 1992

Leadership Development In Higher Education For Public Health, Grace Peak Erickson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The dearth of public health leadership and lack of leadership development in higher education for public health, reported by the Institute of Medicine Committee for the Study of the Future of Public Health, prompted this study of leadership perspectives in schools of public health and the practices and behaviors of contemporary public health leaders and their followers. Ambiguity between management and leadership was evident. Academic responders identified transactional leadership roles and relationships more often than those of transformational leadership. Leader and follower ratings of leader performance were most often 'moderate' indicating that leaders sometimes or fairly often exhibit exemplary leadership ...


A Comparison Of Two Theories Of Resistance To Innovation In Medical Record Administration Baccalaureate Degree Programs, Joyce Brown-Harvey Jan 1992

A Comparison Of Two Theories Of Resistance To Innovation In Medical Record Administration Baccalaureate Degree Programs, Joyce Brown-Harvey

Health Services Research Dissertations

Resistance to innovation is a major obstacle to the successful implementation of planned change in colleges and universities. The purpose of this study was to compare two explanations of resistance to innovation to determine which one best explains the variance in receptivity and proposed innovations among faculty members in medical record administration programs. One explanation holds that organizational members' receptivity to change is a function of their personalities. The second explanation holds that members respond to specific innovations and that they do so in terms of whether the innovation would increase or reduce their present status.

The faculty of baccalaureate ...


The Use Of Humor To Relieve Stress In Psychiatric Nurses, Joanne Kwandt Jan 1992

The Use Of Humor To Relieve Stress In Psychiatric Nurses, Joanne Kwandt

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of humor as a coping mechanism to relieve work stress of psychiatric registered nurses (RNs).;The population was selected from 31 volunteer RNs who worked thirty-two to forty hours a week in psychiatric hospitals in the Norfolk-Tidewater-Williamsburg-Richmond areas of Virginia. The RNs completed three pretest self-report measurements on stress. The Social Readiness Rating Scale (SRRS) was given to assess preexisting life stress. The Work Environment Scale (WES), and the Psychiatric Nurses' Occupational Stress Scales (PNOSS) were given to measure for pre-treatment work stress.;The RNs were then randomly assigned to ...


Alumni As Givers: An Analysis Of Donor-Nondonor Behavior At A Comprehensive I Institution, Linda Faye Burgess-Getts Jan 1992

Alumni As Givers: An Analysis Of Donor-Nondonor Behavior At A Comprehensive I Institution, Linda Faye Burgess-Getts

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

There has been limited research published about the characteristics of alumni donors in higher education. The majority of the research that has been done focused on large universities, consequently, such research findings may not be generalizable to smaller institutions.;The purpose of this study was to determine to what extent selected demographic, academic, behavioral, and attitudinal variables would discriminate between donors and nondonors in a smaller college or university such as a Comprehensive I institution.;Data for the study were gathered through a questionnaire mailed to a simple random sample of 300 alumni of a Comprehensive I institution. A 72 ...


Racial Issues In White Dyads: An Investigation Of Helms's Interaction Model, Nancy G. Ochs Jan 1992

Racial Issues In White Dyads: An Investigation Of Helms's Interaction Model, Nancy G. Ochs

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Experienced counselors in three eastern states were surveyed about the incidence of racial issues presented by their White clients and were asked to complete the White Racial Identity Attitudes Scales (WRIAS) and to respond to a questionnaire about a White client presenting a racial issue. Nearly a quarter of the counselors responding to the survey reported having some clients raising racial issues as main issues in counseling, and 45% reported having some clients bringing up racial issues relevant to their counseling. Respondents generally did not have training to help White clients with racial issues, nor did many report having special ...