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1992

Medicine and Health Sciences

College of William and Mary

Articles 1 - 6 of 6

Full-Text Articles in Education

The Use Of Humor To Relieve Stress In Psychiatric Nurses, Joanne Kwandt Jan 1992

The Use Of Humor To Relieve Stress In Psychiatric Nurses, Joanne Kwandt

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of humor as a coping mechanism to relieve work stress of psychiatric registered nurses (RNs).;The population was selected from 31 volunteer RNs who worked thirty-two to forty hours a week in psychiatric hospitals in the Norfolk-Tidewater-Williamsburg-Richmond areas of Virginia. The RNs completed three pretest self-report measurements on stress. The Social Readiness Rating Scale (SRRS) was given to assess preexisting life stress. The Work Environment Scale (WES), and the Psychiatric Nurses' Occupational Stress Scales (PNOSS) were given to measure for pre-treatment work stress.;The RNs were then randomly assigned to ...


Anger And Type-Related Coping Resources In The Experience Of Adult Survivors Of Incest, Kathleen M. Giles Jan 1992

Anger And Type-Related Coping Resources In The Experience Of Adult Survivors Of Incest, Kathleen M. Giles

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine from a group of ending stage of treatment or post-treatment incest survivors their experience with anger before therapy, during therapy, and at present, using semi-structured interviews and the following objective measures: STAXI--State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory (Spielberger, 1988), CRI--Coping Resources Inventory (Hammer and Marting, 1988), MBTI--Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (Myers and McCaulley, 1985), a researcher-constructed outcome measure (a visual analog scale of awareness of feelings and symptom improvement) and a researcher-constructed Type-Related Anger questionnaire. Subjects who volunteered to participate in the study were 45 adult female (average 38 years old) survivors of childhood incest ...


Aids And The Academic Community: A Study In University Governance, Ann Dinius Jan 1992

Aids And The Academic Community: A Study In University Governance, Ann Dinius

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the policy making process used in a higher education institution with an academic health center when dealing with social justice issues. How the policy group was constituted, the components of the policy, and policy implementation and oversight issues were included. An attempt was also made to explore factors which could facilitate or impede the policy making process.;The development of an AIDS policy at Virginia Commonwealth University served as the case study. This institution, with one of the ten largest academic health centers in the United States, is a state-supported urban research ...


Alumni As Givers: An Analysis Of Donor-Nondonor Behavior At A Comprehensive I Institution, Linda Faye Burgess-Getts Jan 1992

Alumni As Givers: An Analysis Of Donor-Nondonor Behavior At A Comprehensive I Institution, Linda Faye Burgess-Getts

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

There has been limited research published about the characteristics of alumni donors in higher education. The majority of the research that has been done focused on large universities, consequently, such research findings may not be generalizable to smaller institutions.;The purpose of this study was to determine to what extent selected demographic, academic, behavioral, and attitudinal variables would discriminate between donors and nondonors in a smaller college or university such as a Comprehensive I institution.;Data for the study were gathered through a questionnaire mailed to a simple random sample of 300 alumni of a Comprehensive I institution. A 72 ...


Leadership Development In Higher Education For Public Health, Grace Peak Erickson Jan 1992

Leadership Development In Higher Education For Public Health, Grace Peak Erickson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The dearth of public health leadership and lack of leadership development in higher education for public health, reported by the Institute of Medicine Committee for the Study of the Future of Public Health, prompted this study of leadership perspectives in schools of public health and the practices and behaviors of contemporary public health leaders and their followers. Ambiguity between management and leadership was evident. Academic responders identified transactional leadership roles and relationships more often than those of transformational leadership. Leader and follower ratings of leader performance were most often 'moderate' indicating that leaders sometimes or fairly often exhibit exemplary leadership ...


Racial Issues In White Dyads: An Investigation Of Helms's Interaction Model, Nancy G. Ochs Jan 1992

Racial Issues In White Dyads: An Investigation Of Helms's Interaction Model, Nancy G. Ochs

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Experienced counselors in three eastern states were surveyed about the incidence of racial issues presented by their White clients and were asked to complete the White Racial Identity Attitudes Scales (WRIAS) and to respond to a questionnaire about a White client presenting a racial issue. Nearly a quarter of the counselors responding to the survey reported having some clients raising racial issues as main issues in counseling, and 45% reported having some clients bringing up racial issues relevant to their counseling. Respondents generally did not have training to help White clients with racial issues, nor did many report having special ...