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Full-Text Articles in Education

Factors Associated With Professional Role Socialization Of Nurses , Sharon Monley Hillery Jan 1991

Factors Associated With Professional Role Socialization Of Nurses , Sharon Monley Hillery

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Two hundred eighty-two female RNs from Iowa responded to a mailed questionnaire two years after graduating from: (a) diploma nursing programs; (b) associate degree nursing (ADN) programs; or (c) baccalaureate nursing programs for RN students who had previously graduated from ADN and diploma nursing programs (BSN-RN). Professional role was measured by Stone's (1979) Health Care Professional Attitude Inventory as modified for nurses by Lawler (1988). In addition, a variety of socialization factors were measured. Professional role was found to be associated with socialization factors of age, nursing education, academic achievement, practice setting, and some professional development activities (p. <.05). Nurses with higher professional role scores were more likely to be older, BSN-RN program graduates, with high grade point averages, who practiced in nonhospital settings, and who maintained current professional values and practice standards by reading nursing journals and enrolling in formal academic programs. Professional role was not associated with socioeconomic background, nursing position, perceived influence of reference groups, or the following professional development activities; enrollment in individual courses, membership in American Nurses' Association, and membership in other professional organizations. Based on these results, a preliminary professional nurse role model was proposed which reflects the following thesis. The professional role of the registered nurse is associated with many socialization factors. One socialization factor is participation in ongoing professional development activities. These professional development activities include reading professional nursing journals and enrolling in higher education programs. Age is a variable that interrelates with other socialization factors and also relates to professional role directly. For the older motivated registered nurse, factors that promote autonomy, personal accountability, and independent nursing judgements lead to socialization into the professional role. These factors include practice setting and academic achievement. Nurses come from diverse social backgrounds; their socioeconomic status is not associated with other professional role socialization factors. This model proposes that education is the key variable which links these other socialization factors as well as associating directly with professional role. Successful completion of a baccalaureate nursing program provides the foundation for the other socialization factors leading to internalization and enactment of the professional role for registered nurses.


Undergraduate Student Perceptions Of Academic Dishonesty As A Function Of Ethnicity And Religious Participation , Edward Michael Sutton Jan 1991

Undergraduate Student Perceptions Of Academic Dishonesty As A Function Of Ethnicity And Religious Participation , Edward Michael Sutton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose was to examine undergraduates' perceptions of the nature, frequency, and possible justification of dishonest behaviors in relation to ethnicity (African-American, White American) and religious involvement (low, medium and high);Fifteen dishonest behaviors were presented. Those rated "definitely cheating" were: taking an exam for another student, copying from someone's exam, giving or receiving signals and/or answers during an exam, using unauthorized exam notes, turning in a commercially prepared paper or one written by another student;Behaviors considered "probably cheating" were: bringing information to an exam on a disc, arranging seating in advance to facilitate copying, turning in ...


A Longitudinal Study Of College Students' Attitudes Toward Suicide, Richard Allen Stevens Jr. Jan 1991

A Longitudinal Study Of College Students' Attitudes Toward Suicide, Richard Allen Stevens Jr.

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


An Investigation Of The Relationship Between Critical Thinking And Moral Development Among Selected College Students, Bradley Scott Badger Jan 1991

An Investigation Of The Relationship Between Critical Thinking And Moral Development Among Selected College Students, Bradley Scott Badger

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


An Examination Of School Climate As It Relates To The Classified Staff , Linda Mae Turner Fortenberry Jan 1991

An Examination Of School Climate As It Relates To The Classified Staff , Linda Mae Turner Fortenberry

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of the study was to determine if the school's climate is a pervasive concept or if teachers and classified staff have a different view of life in the school. The study was designed to determine if there were differences in how certified staff view the school and if the perceptions of the school-based classified staff differ by buildings. The study also examined the influence of six selected factors on the perceptions of classified staff;Two hundred fifty-five certified staff members and one hundred ninety-three classified staff members completed the survey instruments. Two instruments were used: (1 ...


Development And Feasibility Study Of A Teacher Performance-Based Pay Plan , Terry Andrew Elfrink Jan 1991

Development And Feasibility Study Of A Teacher Performance-Based Pay Plan , Terry Andrew Elfrink

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to develop a turnkey model of a more comprehensive and accurate merit pay plan based on the total systems approach to teacher evaluation. This study reviewed the current incentive pay literature and validated the need, potential format, variables, and procedures for the development and implementation of the plan's algorithms. Finally, this study examined the cost feasibility of the model in terms of teacher compensation using a California school district's financial infrastructure;The review of literature substantiated three overwhelming reasons for the use of teacher performance-based pay plans: (1) to increase recruitment ...


Perceptions Of Existing And Desired Institutional Goal Priorities Among Four Major Constituent Groups At A Multi-Campus Community College , Daphanne Lynette Thomas Jan 1991

Perceptions Of Existing And Desired Institutional Goal Priorities Among Four Major Constituent Groups At A Multi-Campus Community College , Daphanne Lynette Thomas

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research provides an analysis of the perceptions of existing and desired institutional goal priorities at the multi-campus, single-unit, Des Moines Area Community College (DMACC). The purpose of this study was to determine the degree of similarities and differences both between and within key constituent groups--faculty, students, administrators, and trustees--regarding the importance of goal statements from the Community College Goals Inventory (CCGI), developed by the Educational Testing Service (ETS);An one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and t-test from the SPSSx statistical computer package was employed to determine the difference between the constituent groups and campuses. When statistically significant differences were ...


Teacher Performance Evaluation: A Nationwide Status Report Of The Procedures And Models In Use , Richard J. Wiederhold Jan 1991

Teacher Performance Evaluation: A Nationwide Status Report Of The Procedures And Models In Use , Richard J. Wiederhold

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This national study served to provide a status report of the teacher performance evaluation components, procedures and models in use. The mandates relating to teacher performance evaluation were collected from each of the fifty states. These data were analyzed, and nine of the fifty states were identified as mandating the teacher performance evaluation system that the school districts must use. From those states not having mandated systems, there were 700 school districts identified and surveyed. A total of 444 districts, or 63% of the sample, responded to the survey;The analysis of the collected data was designed to identify the ...


Alcohol/Drug Testing And Employee Assistance Programs As They Affect Candidates At The Iowa Regents Universities In The Job Search Process , Sally Lee Walker Hinders Jan 1991

Alcohol/Drug Testing And Employee Assistance Programs As They Affect Candidates At The Iowa Regents Universities In The Job Search Process , Sally Lee Walker Hinders

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore differences in attitudes among employers with regards to twenty EAP components specifically geared toward alcohol and drug abuse; to explore differences in attitudes among pre-employment drug testing and drug testing within the work place; and to identify characteristics conducive to successful EAPs. The survey used to obtain this information was developed by the researcher. Survey items were grounded in previous literature and related studies;Respondents in the research were 458 employers who recruited through the placement services in business and liberal arts and sciences at Iowa State University, University of Iowa, and ...


An Investigation Into The Roles And Responsibilities Of Chief Unit Administrators Within Multiunit Community College Districts , Judy K. Nissen Jan 1991

An Investigation Into The Roles And Responsibilities Of Chief Unit Administrators Within Multiunit Community College Districts , Judy K. Nissen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to identify the roles and responsibilities of chief unit administrators within multiunit community college districts. In addition, the study also included data about the perceptions chief unit administrators had toward their roles and their relationships with other unit administrators and central office administrators;The sample consisted of nine chief unit administrators in three multiunit community college districts located in Iowa, Missouri, and Nebraska. A qualitative approach was implemented to conduct the study and method triangulation was used to collect the data. The collection of data was accomplished through on-site interviews with chief unit administrators ...


Developing And Testing The Feasibility Of A Microcomputer System For Assisting In Evaluation And Supervision For Principal Performance Improvement , Rosemary D. Noel Jan 1991

Developing And Testing The Feasibility Of A Microcomputer System For Assisting In Evaluation And Supervision For Principal Performance Improvement , Rosemary D. Noel

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was conducted to test the feasibility of modifying the CATE/S microcomputer system from a teacher evaluation tool to one to assist in the evaluation and improvement of principal performance. The development of a bank of professional growth plans to be generated from the modified, software package and a substantive review of the literature were also contributions to the field of knowledge. Two circumstances that served as motivational factors initiating this study were the need for increased accountability, resulting in a quest for improved principal performance evaluation, and the research finding that effective instruction is strongly related to ...


An Analysis Of Fifty-One Computer Modules Designed To Enhance The Knowledge, Skills, And Attitudes Needed By Teacher Education Students , Patricia Crenshaw Elmore Jan 1991

An Analysis Of Fifty-One Computer Modules Designed To Enhance The Knowledge, Skills, And Attitudes Needed By Teacher Education Students , Patricia Crenshaw Elmore

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation analyzes and reports the findings of student reactions to a set of 51 computer modules called Performance Element Modules (PEMs). These modules focused on selected knowledge, skills, and attitudes needed by teacher education students at a midwestern university. The major purpose of the study was to assess whether students will accept the 51 computer-assisted modules as viable instructional tools;The questionnaires were designed to collect forced-choice and open-ended data as well as demographic data. Students rated the forced-choice items on a scale of 1 to 10. The higher the number, the more the students agreed with the statement ...


Estimating Course Difficulty , Daniel James Mundfrom Jan 1991

Estimating Course Difficulty , Daniel James Mundfrom

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The difficulty level of college courses has been identified as a value which varies across courses. A sample of fifty (50) introductory-level college courses was selected and four different measures of course difficulty, (1) perceived difficulty, (2) perceived amount of work, (3) average grade awarded, and (4) average ACT composite of enrolled students, were calculated for each course. The difficulty estimates were examined for consistency for each measure individually, over time, and in comparison with the others. Correlation analysis, multiple regression, factor analysis, hierarchical cluster analysis, and analysis of variance procedures were used. The four measures were combined into one ...


An Analysis Of Pay For Performance Plans In Iowa Schools , Veronica Waterman Stalker Jan 1991

An Analysis Of Pay For Performance Plans In Iowa Schools , Veronica Waterman Stalker

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

To attract the best people to teaching, and to keep good teachers, schools must begin paying for actual performance. Legislation enacted in Iowa in 1987 established the Educational Excellence Program, "... a performance-based pay plan for teachers who demonstrate superior performance in completing assigned duties.";This study seeks to determine what within-district factors are present which support the selection and development of a pay-for-performance plan. The following questions more specifically address the problem: (1) What conditions or attitudes are present in districts which adopt a pay-for-performance plan? (2) Does a relationship exist between the development of a pay-for-performance plan and the ...


Marketing And Recruiting Efforts Used In Hospitality Education Graduate Programs: Perceptions Of Effectiveness And Influence In Selection Of Graduate Program , Catherine Hemphill Strohbehn Jan 1991

Marketing And Recruiting Efforts Used In Hospitality Education Graduate Programs: Perceptions Of Effectiveness And Influence In Selection Of Graduate Program , Catherine Hemphill Strohbehn

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Two surveys were mailed to administrators and students of 23 identified graduate programs of hospitality education. Response rates of 87% and 47%, respectively, were achieved. A five-point rating scale (5 = very effective, 5 = very important) was used in both surveys;A profile of currently enrolled graduate students and characteristics of graduate programs of hospitality management were identified. Administrators identified the population of graduate students as 53% female, 52% international and 93% master's level. Of the 87 student respondents, 55% were female, 30% were international, and 86% were enrolled in master's programs. Less than half of master's level ...


Psychological Type And Preferred Learning Styles Of Institutional Advancement Officers: An Initial Study Using The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator In Three Geographic Areas , Phyllis J. Lepke Jan 1991

Psychological Type And Preferred Learning Styles Of Institutional Advancement Officers: An Initial Study Using The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator In Three Geographic Areas , Phyllis J. Lepke

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator was used to determine the psychological types of 545 institutional advancement officers (alumni administrators, educational fund raisers, public information officers, and senior advancement professionals) who were registered for one district conference of the Council for Advancement and Support of Education (CASE) in 1988, 1989, or 1990. There were 295 respondents from the Northeast (Districts I/II), 155 from the Midwest (District VI), and 95 from the Northwest (District VIII);ENTJ (18.90%) was the most frequent type in the total sample. While the general population is 75 percent Sensing, the advancement sample was 65 percent Intuitives ...


Identifying And Analyzing The Factors Utilized By Superintendents In Achieving Their "Personal Best" In Education , David L. Long Jan 1991

Identifying And Analyzing The Factors Utilized By Superintendents In Achieving Their "Personal Best" In Education , David L. Long

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purpose of this study was to identify and analyze the factors utilized by superintendents in achieving their "personal best" in education. The data for this study were gathered from fifty-two superintendents from California, Iowa, Missouri, and New York during the months of December 1989 and January 1990. The superintendents each filled out and returned a "Personal Best Survey" from which the data for the study were gleaned;Major findings of this study include: (1) The most frequently used practices utilized by superintendents in achieving their personal best effort were delineated. The most frequently used practice reported by superintendents ...


A Philosophical Analysis Of Conceptual Models Of Nursing , Sandra Courtney Sellers Jan 1991

A Philosophical Analysis Of Conceptual Models Of Nursing , Sandra Courtney Sellers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Behaviorism, in the form of the Ralph Tyler rationale, has prescribed nursing education curriculum development and the direction of nursing educational thought since the 1950s. Since 1952, nursing theory has focused on the development of numerous nursing paradigms or abstract conceptual nursing models. With the development of nursing theory in the form of conceptual nursing models, some nurse educators have argued that the sanctioned behaviorist educational paradigm in nursing education is incongruent with nursing's current philosophy and are advocating a curriculum revolution in nursing education;This investigation was initiated for the purpose of analyzing the philosophical orientations of the ...


Relationship Of Perceived Classroom Social Climate And Course Performance In Computer Literacy Classes , Jolyne Lockwood Ghanatabadi Jan 1991

Relationship Of Perceived Classroom Social Climate And Course Performance In Computer Literacy Classes , Jolyne Lockwood Ghanatabadi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The three conjectures which formed the basis for this study were: (1) People who have more authority and responsibility in a setting tend to see the setting more positively. (2) Perceptions of the classroom social climate may be influenced by factors involving the time class is offered, location of class, and gender of students. (3) Students choose to participate in learning activities when they feel comfortable and challenged within the classroom and in return have lower absentee rates and receive higher course grades;The population selected for the study were 25 sections of the course Introduction to Computer Literacy, which ...


An Analysis Of Perceptions Of Shared Decision Making In Early Stages Of Implementation As Related To Selected Factors Associated With School Improvement , Thomas J. Renze Jan 1991

An Analysis Of Perceptions Of Shared Decision Making In Early Stages Of Implementation As Related To Selected Factors Associated With School Improvement , Thomas J. Renze

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study analyzed perceptions of shared decision making (SDM) in early stages of implementation as related to selected factors associated with school improvement. The selected factors were restructuring of roles and decision-making processes, empowerment, involvement in decisions, collegiality, collaboration, and teaching and learning;Data were collected from the Marshalltown Community School District's Shared Decision Making project during the 1990-91 school year. Two methods were used to collect data. The first was a 52-item survey of all district staff members (N = 602) in January, 1991. The return rate was 64%. Survey data were disaggregated according to job categories and according ...


A Comparative Analysis Of Methods Used In Preparation For Occupational Testing , Donald Lee Cox Jan 1991

A Comparative Analysis Of Methods Used In Preparation For Occupational Testing , Donald Lee Cox

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Acceptable and recognized methods utilized to develop competency and prepare for occupational testing are strongly controlled by certifying agencies. Teachers, law enforcement officers, medical personnel and fire fighters, to name a few, operate under specific guidelines for training requirements to qualify for professional certification. Most certification examinations are competency based tests. What methods of preparation a certifying agency recognizes may severely restrict an individual's option to develop competency.;This research thesis specifically investigates fire fighter certification and methods of preparation to develop competency. Over five-hundred Iowa fire fighter candidates from 1989 to 1991 were studied. Written examination scores were ...


Humor, Fitness, Happiness, And Cardiorespiratory After Pulse As Components Of Wellness , Kay Rutherford Bartels Jan 1991

Humor, Fitness, Happiness, And Cardiorespiratory After Pulse As Components Of Wellness , Kay Rutherford Bartels

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the wellness concepts of humor, Fitness History, cardiorespiratory after pulse, and happiness. The social area of wellness was exemplified by the concept of humor, the fitness area of wellness by the concept of Fitness History, the physiological area of wellness by the concept of cardiorespiratory after pulse, and the emotional area of wellness by the concept of happiness. The data were collected from 98 Iowa State University employees or students enrolled in the Iowa State University exercise clinic classes for the Spring Semester, 1991;Four humor instruments, one Fitness History instrument, one ...


An Investigation Into Factors Affecting Academic Success Associated With On-Campus And Off-Campus Living Experiences For African-American Undergraduate Students At Iowa State University , Valencia Fields Jan 1991

An Investigation Into Factors Affecting Academic Success Associated With On-Campus And Off-Campus Living Experiences For African-American Undergraduate Students At Iowa State University , Valencia Fields

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this case study was to determine if on-campus versus off-campus housing location affected academic achievement among African-American students. The major objective was to survey and provide information on the different types of accommodations, African-American students' concerns, and how these affected their academic achievement. The results of this study indicated that there is no significant difference between the academic performance of African-American students residing on-campus and those who lived off-campus using grade point average as a measure. However, a relationship existed between the students' Scholastic Aptitude and American College Testing scores and their academic performance (GPA);The interviews ...


A Case Study Of A Midwestern High School Using Joyce's Model To Implement A Complex School Improvement Innovation: Authentic Assessment , Ann W. Johnson Jan 1991

A Case Study Of A Midwestern High School Using Joyce's Model To Implement A Complex School Improvement Innovation: Authentic Assessment , Ann W. Johnson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to examine factors that affected the implementation of a complex innovation--authentic assessment and the effect the professional development paradigm consisting of a training design (i.e., theory, demonstration/model, practice, feedback, and coaching) and support structure (i.e., study group and staff development specialists) had on the process. Its specific purposes included: (1) to determine the extent the professional development paradigm influenced the Levels of Use and Stages of Concern, (2) to determine what components of the professional development paradigm enhanced the implementation of the authentic assessment, and (3) to identify factors that ...


Development Of A Valid And Reliable School Culture Audit , Timothy Eugene Taylor Jan 1991

Development Of A Valid And Reliable School Culture Audit , Timothy Eugene Taylor

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to develop a valid and reliable school culture audit to identify values, normative behaviors, and culture gaps within a school. Following an extensive review of the literature, a national panel of experts and practitioners validated 31 key factors as an appropriate measure of school culture. These 31 factors were grouped into four subscales: (1) Group Support, (2) Achievement, (3) Motivation, and (4) Enabling;One-hundred eighty certificated staff members were randomly selected from six elementary, six junior high, and six senior high schools from six districts (two districts where K-12 2000) in central Iowa to ...


Etymology-Based Instructional System: Using Hypermedia To Teach The Recognition Of Chinese Characters To Beginning Learners Of Chinese As A Second Language , Shu Hor Jan 1991

Etymology-Based Instructional System: Using Hypermedia To Teach The Recognition Of Chinese Characters To Beginning Learners Of Chinese As A Second Language , Shu Hor

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As a logographic script, written Chinese conveys meaning directly from its graphic forms. Numerous researchers have suggested the pedagogical strategy of teaching Chinese writing by emphasizing the pictorial features of Chinese characters. This study was conducted to develop and to evaluate an instructional system in which instructional materials are based upon Chinese etymology and presented by hypermedia system;Thirty characters were selected, and pertinent information such as original forms, evolution of shapes, meanings, pronunciations,and applications were included. Presentation of the material, stored on a videodisc, was controlled by a HyperCard program;Twenty-eight beginning learner of Chinese as a second ...


A Comparative Study Of Stress And Coping Skills Among Learning Disabled And Regular Education Students , Natalie R. Davenport Jan 1991

A Comparative Study Of Stress And Coping Skills Among Learning Disabled And Regular Education Students , Natalie R. Davenport

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

School-related stress is the most prevalent untreated cause of academic failure in our schools. Baker (1987) states that this type of stress may afflict six to ten million children per year. There are several types of stress in the educational system. Separation anxiety, test anxiety, and teacher behavior are only a few. For the learning disabled child, along with the aforementioned stressors, there are additional sources of school stress. These include labeling, pull out programs and insufficient social skills. Even though stress-related events may be facilitators for growth and development of coping mechanisms, in certain stressful situations a child's ...


Predicting Educational And Occupational Attainment Among Male And Female Teacher Education Students: An Examination Of High School Extracurricular Participation And Other Selected Characteristics , Alyce Ann Holland Jan 1991

Predicting Educational And Occupational Attainment Among Male And Female Teacher Education Students: An Examination Of High School Extracurricular Participation And Other Selected Characteristics , Alyce Ann Holland

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The current study had two components: Study 1 and Study 2. The purpose of Study 1 was to examine variables that predict graduation from the Iowa State University Teacher Education Program among 2,008 prospective teacher education students who were enrolled in a beginning education course. The analyses were conducted separately for male and female students;College grade point average when enrolled in a beginning education course was the strongest predictor of graduation in teacher education for both male and female students. For females, the three best predictors of graduation in teacher education following college grades, were participation in teacher ...


Development Of A Causal Model Of Perceptions Of Boards Of Education Which Will Predict Effectiveness In Their Schools , Beth Ellen Ruiz Jan 1991

Development Of A Causal Model Of Perceptions Of Boards Of Education Which Will Predict Effectiveness In Their Schools , Beth Ellen Ruiz

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The present research had two purposes. First the study was designed to assess the perceived actual and ideal functions of school board members and also to examine the differences of district school board perceptions, both over time and geographically. The second purpose of the study was to determine the underlying component factors of the perceptions of Iowa school board members and based on these factors develop and test a causal model of these relationships as related to the effectiveness of the school districts;A random sample of 197 school districts totaling 1119 school board members from 16 states provided one ...


Superintendent Performance Factors That Promote School District Effectiveness: The Perceptions Of Practicing Superintendents, Board Presidents, And Building Principals , Harold Dennis Prior Jan 1991

Superintendent Performance Factors That Promote School District Effectiveness: The Perceptions Of Practicing Superintendents, Board Presidents, And Building Principals , Harold Dennis Prior

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to identify perceptions of superintendent performance factors that are most critical to school district effectiveness, assess superintendent performance in the most critical factors, and identify performance factors most in need of further professional development. Survey data were gathered from superintendents, their board presidents, and building principals in 101 Iowa school districts. Four superintendent performance factors were identified as most critical including (1) provides leadership in identifying school district needs, (2) provides leadership in identifying educational priorities in the school district, (3) decision making, and (4) provides leadership in developing short- and long-range strategic plans. Ratings of ...