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1991

Theses/Dissertations

The College at Brockport: State University of New York

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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Effects Of Weight Training On Self-Esteem, Jeffrey Carpenter Dec 1991

The Effects Of Weight Training On Self-Esteem, Jeffrey Carpenter

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of weight training on self-esteem. The investigator used a pretest-posttest randomized group design, using Fox' Physical Self-Perception Profile, in two high schools. The experimental group consisted of members of beginning weight training classes offered as part of the physical education curriculum. The control group was comprised of students in regular health classes. The investigation was conducted over a period of five weeks with three sessions per week for the experimental group. The weight training sessions lasted approximately 40 minutes and were supervised by district physical education teachers. Using the analysis ...


A Comparative Analysis Of Cognitive Differences Among Female Elite And Nonelite High School Field Hockey Players And High School Physical Education Class Nonathletes, Linda Berner Adams Dec 1991

A Comparative Analysis Of Cognitive Differences Among Female Elite And Nonelite High School Field Hockey Players And High School Physical Education Class Nonathletes, Linda Berner Adams

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

The Empire State Games Western Scholastic Field Hockey Team (n = 14), a high school field hockey team (n = 15), and nonathletes in a high school physical education class (n = 9) were given a battery of tests and inventories to compare mental aspects such as abstract visual reasoning, concentration, sport-confidence, psychological skills relevant to exceptional performance, and competitive anxiety. Analyses included multivariate analysis of variance for each cognitive category, one way univariate analysis of variance for each subtest within a cognitive category, and a stepwise multiple regression technique to determine which tests made the greatest contribution to predicting group membership. Multiple ...


Incidental Learning From Classroom Visuals Among Fourth Grade Students, Alan D. Van Camp Dec 1991

Incidental Learning From Classroom Visuals Among Fourth Grade Students, Alan D. Van Camp

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated whether fourth grade students can recall information to which they have been visually exposed in their classrooms without the teacher ever having directly taught the information. Two hundred and eighty-one students in fifteen classrooms were given a pretest on the names of the countries of South America and the names of twelve western state capitals. The month long treatment consisted of a map and a chart mounted prominently on the walls. At the end of the treatment, the pretest was readministered as a post test. A t test indicated that the students exhibited a significant growth in ...


A Comparison Of The Effects Of Cooperative And Competitive Methods As Reinforcement Of The Skill Of Answering Inferential Questions In A Fifth Grade Reading Class, Diane L. Arnold Dec 1991

A Comparison Of The Effects Of Cooperative And Competitive Methods As Reinforcement Of The Skill Of Answering Inferential Questions In A Fifth Grade Reading Class, Diane L. Arnold

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated whether a practice session in the previously learned skill of reading a paragraph and answering inferential comprehension questions was more effective when conducted competitively or cooperatively.

One fifth-grade homeroom class of 28 students was randomly divided into two groups: a cooperative group and a competitive group, each containing students from three different reading levels. A researcher-made pretest determined that there was no significant difference between the two groups before the treatment. A practice session was conducted in which the cooperative group worked in units of two or three. Each student in the unit was given an ‘A ...


Birth Order And Self-Concept: Their Relationship To Reading Achievement, Laurie Maryjanowski Penepent Nov 1991

Birth Order And Self-Concept: Their Relationship To Reading Achievement, Laurie Maryjanowski Penepent

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a statistically significant relationship between students’ birth order and reading achievement, self-concept and reading achievement, and their birth order and self-concept. Research has shown that educational achievement was influenced by birth order, and that birth order affected self-concept. A sample population of seventy-two subjects was used for this study. Subjects answered questions about their birth order and completed a self-concept scale. Their reading achievement score was taken from each subject’s permanent folder. The Chi-Square Test of Independence was used to determine if the relationship between each set of ...


Changing Attitudes Toward Physically Disabled Persons Using A Videotape Sport Intervention, Allan Bett Aug 1991

Changing Attitudes Toward Physically Disabled Persons Using A Videotape Sport Intervention, Allan Bett

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

The study investigated the effect of a videotape intervention on the attitudes toward physically disabled persons. The subjects were 86 elementary and secondary students from the same school district. Utilizing a stratified random sampling technique, subjects were assigned to control and experimental groups for each age range (11 to 13 and 16 to 19z0. All subjects completed the Attitude Toward Disabled Persons Scale, Form 0, on three occasions with two-week intervals.

The experimental group witnessed a 17-minute videotape of a wheelchair basketball game before the second administration. Results of the study indicated that the experimental group experienced a positive gain ...


The Effect Of Depth Jumping And Rope Jumping On The Vertical Jump Performance Of Junior High Females, Kelly Bissell Aug 1991

The Effect Of Depth Jumping And Rope Jumping On The Vertical Jump Performance Of Junior High Females, Kelly Bissell

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effects of depth jumping and rope jumping on vertical jump performance. The investigator used a 3 X 2 factorial design consisting of two treatment groups and one control group. Two hundred forty-one subjects in grades 6, 7, and 8 were pretested on vertical jumping ability using a jump and reach test and randomly assigned to a depth jumping group, a rope jumping group or a control group. The training period for the rope jumping and depth jumping groups consisted of two sessions each week for nine consecutive weeks. In each session ...


The Effect Of The Elementary Science Methods Classes And Field Work On Student Attitudes Toward Science And Science Teaching, Gretchen A. Northrup Aug 1991

The Effect Of The Elementary Science Methods Classes And Field Work On Student Attitudes Toward Science And Science Teaching, Gretchen A. Northrup

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The attitudes of sixty-nine elementary education students toward science and science teaching were measured at three different times as they progressed through the Elementary Science Methods course at the State University of New York College at Brockport during the spring of 1991. The course was divided into two parts. During the first half of the semester, the students attended methods classes at the college. At approximately midterm, the students entered elementary schools to do field work. The instrument of measure employed was the Science Teaching Attitude Scales. The three scores for each subject were compared to determine if there was ...


Kindergartner’S Oral Responses To Stories Either Told Or Read To Them, Mary Beth Ash-Jones Aug 1991

Kindergartner’S Oral Responses To Stories Either Told Or Read To Them, Mary Beth Ash-Jones

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of the study was to determine if there was a statistically significant difference in the quantity of words generated by kindergartners when retelling a story read to them from a book (read aloud) as compared to when a story was told orally, without a book (storytelling). The subjects of this study were 42 kindergarten students attending an urban school district in Western New York. The students listened to a story read aloud from a book. They then retold the story to an adult. The retellings were recorded. The same students listened to another story told orally, by an ...


Spelling Development Through Creative Writing, Kim Marie Gagie Aug 1991

Spelling Development Through Creative Writing, Kim Marie Gagie

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the spelling development of students whose spelling lists originate from their creative writing.


Readability: A Study Of Three Selected Stories From A Third Grade Whole Language Basal, Susan T. O'Keefe Aug 1991

Readability: A Study Of Three Selected Stories From A Third Grade Whole Language Basal, Susan T. O'Keefe

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine whether the readability levels of three third grade stories, that are found within a reading text, fall below or above the publisher's indicated readability level.

The sample group consisted of 78 third grade children. They were assessed through the means of cloze tests. There were three different tests, each one containing a passage from the story in the text. Over the Mountain from the Impressions series was analyzed. Two readability formulas, the Spache and the Lorge, were utilized in determining the readability levels of the stories independently of the publisher. The ...


An Investigation Of First Grade Students/Perceptions Of And Attitudes Toward Reading, Judy Dibattisto-Azzolino Jul 1991

An Investigation Of First Grade Students/Perceptions Of And Attitudes Toward Reading, Judy Dibattisto-Azzolino

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was conducted in order to investigate and compare first grade students/perceptions of and attitudes toward reading.

The subjects consisted of 110 first grade students. These participants were asked to complete a ten-question attitude survey and also answer ten interview questions concerning reading. These oral responses were tape recorded and transcribed.

The surveys and interviews were then examined and condensed. Responses to questions were descriptively analyzed and divided into categories. Percentages of similar responses were reported. These percentages varied among the questions.


An Investigation Into Teachers’ Attitudes Toward Their Own Writing Through The Use Of A Valid Writing Attitudes Instrument, Pamela Brady May 1991

An Investigation Into Teachers’ Attitudes Toward Their Own Writing Through The Use Of A Valid Writing Attitudes Instrument, Pamela Brady

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated teachers’ attitudes towards their personal writing using the Linn writing attitude scale. The researcher classified twelve elementary teachers as either perceived positive (6) or negative (6) in their attitudes towards their writing. The researcher then evaluated the teachers using the Linn writing attitude scale to see if their scores matched the researcher’s initial perceptions. Two independent district personnel were chosen as interraters to evaluate the twelve teachers using the researcher’s methods in order to establish data reliability. Of the twelve teachers, only two were found to have writing attitudes that did not match the researcher ...


A Study Of Preschool Children Telling “Book Stories”, Maureen Maas-Feary May 1991

A Study Of Preschool Children Telling “Book Stories”, Maureen Maas-Feary

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent of information preschool children who had been exposed to books and stories had internalized about books and stories. Developmental differences regarding knowledge of story elements and book-reading conventions observed between 3- and 5-year-olds were also probed. A wordless picture book was used to prompt the children to produce oral versions of the story depicted.

The subjects were eight 3-year-olds and eight 5-year-olds enrolled in nursery schools in western New

York.

The researcher tape-recorded the children telling or "reading" their stories and also recorded book-reading behaviors exhibited. The stories were then ...


A Description Of The Read Aloud Practices Of Elementary School Teachers, Leslie H. Kociuba May 1991

A Description Of The Read Aloud Practices Of Elementary School Teachers, Leslie H. Kociuba

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to examine the read aloud practices of elementary school teachers. It also looked at those practices in regards to the differences exhibited between the different grade levels, and the teachers' different philosophies of reading instruction.

Thirty-one teachers responded to a questionnaire designed to elicit their read aloud behaviors. The responses were recorded, tallied, and categorized according to the frequency and the similarities of the responses. These responses were then descriptively analyzed according to the three questions posed by the researcher.

The findings revealed that many teachers are using the read aloud activity as a part of ...


The Effects Of A Sustained Silent Reading Program On The Reading Attitudes And Habits Of Second Grade Students, Laura A. Siracuse May 1991

The Effects Of A Sustained Silent Reading Program On The Reading Attitudes And Habits Of Second Grade Students, Laura A. Siracuse

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a Sustained Silent Reading (SSR) program on the reading attitudes and habits of second grade students.

The subjects were two second grade classes from a suburban school in western New York. The control group of 25 students participated in a reading program using the basal and children's literature. The treatment group of 26 students participated in a reading program using the basal and children's literature plus. a daily fifteen minute period of SSR. The treatment group participated in SSR for ten weeks.

The modified Estes Reading Attitude ...


A Comparison Of The Perception Which Third-Grade Students And Sixth-Grade Students Have Of Themselves As Writers, Annette R. Shafer Apr 1991

A Comparison Of The Perception Which Third-Grade Students And Sixth-Grade Students Have Of Themselves As Writers, Annette R. Shafer

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Children learn to write at an early age, however, many children do not enjoy writing as an activity. This masters’ thesis investigates students’ opinions about writing, and compares the opinions of elementary students to those of middle school students. The author surveyed seventy-nine students from two 3rd grade classrooms and two 6th grade classrooms in western New York. The survey consisted of seventeen questions about how students felt about writing in the classroom. These surveys were then collected and sorted into three categories: positive, ambivalent, and negative. The researcher found that about 64% of 3rd grade students had ...


A Comparative Study Of The Effects Of Affective Response Techniques On Seventh Grade Students Of Low And High Abilities When Applied To Reading In The Content Areas, James G. Bennett Apr 1991

A Comparative Study Of The Effects Of Affective Response Techniques On Seventh Grade Students Of Low And High Abilities When Applied To Reading In The Content Areas, James G. Bennett

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of the study was to introduce concepts of the Affective Response Approach to Literature to students in two seventh grade classrooms in order to determine whether the use of affective responses changes students' attitudes about reading and about social studies. Also measured was student achievement in both areas.

The subjects for the study were the 88 seventh graders enrolled in the Blessed Sacrament Catholic Junior High School in the 1989-1990 school year. Prior to the study all students were evaluated using a modified Rhody attitude assessment tool in order to measure their attitude toward reading and social studies ...


A Longitudinal Study Investigating The Brain Spurts Theory, Deborah B. Westcott Apr 1991

A Longitudinal Study Investigating The Brain Spurts Theory, Deborah B. Westcott

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This longitudinal study investigates brain growth periodization, also known as the brain spurts theory. The theory calls for maximum brain growth between the ages 2-4 years, 6-8 years, 10-12 years, and 14-16 years. For several decades researchers have observed fluctuations in the rate of growth for various areas of student achievement. These fluctuations occur in an extreme form from ages 8 - 14. The brain spurts theory asserts that there is also variation during this period in the rate of brain cell development. This researcher utilized a random sample of 50 students in a western New York school district where data ...


Invented Spelling And Reading Achievement, Laurie Chaplen Lopez Mar 1991

Invented Spelling And Reading Achievement, Laurie Chaplen Lopez

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if first graders, invented spelling and Marie Clay’s Concepts of Print test, used together and separately, are significant predictors of future reading achievement. The study also compared the prediction ability of an invented spelling stage to the prediction ability of the Concepts of Print test.

The subjects of this study comprised 39 first graders from two classrooms in a rural Western New York school.

During the month of September, invented spelling samples from the subjects’ journals were analyzed and categorized into stages. In addition, classroom teachers administered the Concepts of Print ...