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1991

Theses/Dissertations

Iowa State University

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Articles 1 - 30 of 89

Full-Text Articles in Education

The Implementation And Evaluation Of A Sequential, Structured Approach For Teaching Logowriter To Classroom Teachers , Thomas E. Walsh Jr. Jan 1991

The Implementation And Evaluation Of A Sequential, Structured Approach For Teaching Logowriter To Classroom Teachers , Thomas E. Walsh Jr.

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The goal of this exploratory study was to implement and evaluate a Logo inservice model which focused on effective principles of staff development and emphasized Logo problem solving using teacher-mediated intervention strategies. The model was designed to facilitate teacher use of Logo in their classrooms;Subjects for this study included 19 elementary teachers and media specialists from the Ames Community Schools. Subjects completed The Stages of Concern Questionnaire (SoCQ), the LogoWriter Basic Comprehension Test, END-OF-DAY inventories, and the Inservice Evaluation LogoWriter Workshop Instrument. Additional outcome measures included projects shared during a final inservice sharing session, and questions, worksheets, and tape ...


Factors Associated With Professional Role Socialization Of Nurses , Sharon Monley Hillery Jan 1991

Factors Associated With Professional Role Socialization Of Nurses , Sharon Monley Hillery

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Two hundred eighty-two female RNs from Iowa responded to a mailed questionnaire two years after graduating from: (a) diploma nursing programs; (b) associate degree nursing (ADN) programs; or (c) baccalaureate nursing programs for RN students who had previously graduated from ADN and diploma nursing programs (BSN-RN). Professional role was measured by Stone's (1979) Health Care Professional Attitude Inventory as modified for nurses by Lawler (1988). In addition, a variety of socialization factors were measured. Professional role was found to be associated with socialization factors of age, nursing education, academic achievement, practice setting, and some professional development activities (p. <.05). Nurses with higher professional role scores were more likely to be older, BSN-RN program graduates, with high grade point averages, who practiced in nonhospital settings, and who maintained current professional values and practice standards by reading nursing journals and enrolling in formal academic programs. Professional role was not associated with socioeconomic background, nursing position, perceived influence of reference groups, or the following professional development activities; enrollment in individual courses, membership in American Nurses' Association, and membership in other professional organizations. Based on these results, a preliminary professional nurse role model was proposed which reflects the following thesis. The professional role of the registered nurse is associated with many socialization factors. One socialization factor is participation in ongoing professional development activities. These professional development activities include reading professional nursing journals and enrolling in higher education programs. Age is a variable that interrelates with other socialization factors and also relates to professional role directly. For the older motivated registered nurse, factors that promote autonomy, personal accountability, and independent nursing judgements lead to socialization into the professional role. These factors include practice setting and academic achievement. Nurses come from diverse social backgrounds; their socioeconomic status is not associated with other professional role socialization factors. This model proposes that education is the key variable which links these other socialization factors as well as associating directly with professional role. Successful completion of a baccalaureate nursing program provides the foundation for the other socialization factors leading to internalization and enactment of the professional role for registered nurses.


Interactive, Satellite-Delivered, Televised Instruction In Corporate Training, Douglas F. Lonowski Jan 1991

Interactive, Satellite-Delivered, Televised Instruction In Corporate Training, Douglas F. Lonowski

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Rhetorical Stance In A Humanities-Based Community College Advanced Composition Course, Michelle Gardner Ramthun Jan 1991

Rhetorical Stance In A Humanities-Based Community College Advanced Composition Course, Michelle Gardner Ramthun

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

One mission of the community college is to prepare students for transfer to four-year colleges and universities; therefore, community college English instructors must prepare students to write for upper-level courses in their majors. At four-year institutions, students face writing challenges that they probably would not take on at the community college level.


The Role Of Questions In The Physics Laboratory Classes Of Two Non-Native Speaking Teaching Assistants, Janet Maureen Searls Jan 1991

The Role Of Questions In The Physics Laboratory Classes Of Two Non-Native Speaking Teaching Assistants, Janet Maureen Searls

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Questions play an important role in science laboratory classes. This conclusion was reached following several observations of science and engineering labs at Iowa State University. Almost all interactions involved questions, and some dialogs seemed to contain even more questions than statements. The students and teaching assistants asked each other an impressive number of questions in various forms and for various reasons.

This case study of two introductory physics labs is an outgrowth of observations made for the Graduate College at ISU. It focuses on the questions asked by the international teaching assistants (IT As) in charge of the labs as ...


A Comparative Analysis Of Methods Used In Preparation For Occupational Testing , Donald Lee Cox Jan 1991

A Comparative Analysis Of Methods Used In Preparation For Occupational Testing , Donald Lee Cox

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Acceptable and recognized methods utilized to develop competency and prepare for occupational testing are strongly controlled by certifying agencies. Teachers, law enforcement officers, medical personnel and fire fighters, to name a few, operate under specific guidelines for training requirements to qualify for professional certification. Most certification examinations are competency based tests. What methods of preparation a certifying agency recognizes may severely restrict an individual's option to develop competency.;This research thesis specifically investigates fire fighter certification and methods of preparation to develop competency. Over five-hundred Iowa fire fighter candidates from 1989 to 1991 were studied. Written examination scores were ...


Development Of A Valid And Reliable School Culture Audit , Timothy Eugene Taylor Jan 1991

Development Of A Valid And Reliable School Culture Audit , Timothy Eugene Taylor

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to develop a valid and reliable school culture audit to identify values, normative behaviors, and culture gaps within a school. Following an extensive review of the literature, a national panel of experts and practitioners validated 31 key factors as an appropriate measure of school culture. These 31 factors were grouped into four subscales: (1) Group Support, (2) Achievement, (3) Motivation, and (4) Enabling;One-hundred eighty certificated staff members were randomly selected from six elementary, six junior high, and six senior high schools from six districts (two districts where K-12 2000) in central Iowa to ...


Superintendent Performance Factors That Promote School District Effectiveness: The Perceptions Of Practicing Superintendents, Board Presidents, And Building Principals , Harold Dennis Prior Jan 1991

Superintendent Performance Factors That Promote School District Effectiveness: The Perceptions Of Practicing Superintendents, Board Presidents, And Building Principals , Harold Dennis Prior

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to identify perceptions of superintendent performance factors that are most critical to school district effectiveness, assess superintendent performance in the most critical factors, and identify performance factors most in need of further professional development. Survey data were gathered from superintendents, their board presidents, and building principals in 101 Iowa school districts. Four superintendent performance factors were identified as most critical including (1) provides leadership in identifying school district needs, (2) provides leadership in identifying educational priorities in the school district, (3) decision making, and (4) provides leadership in developing short- and long-range strategic plans. Ratings of ...


4-H'Ers Anticipated And Actual Iowa State Fair Life Skill Experience Outcomes , Debbie Johnson Hall Jan 1991

4-H'Ers Anticipated And Actual Iowa State Fair Life Skill Experience Outcomes , Debbie Johnson Hall

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The objectives of this study were to determine: (1) if the stated state fair objectives for 4-H participants are consistent with the outcomes anticipated by 4-H participants, (2) the relationship of selected descriptive variables to the outcomes anticipated by 4-H participants, (3) the extent to which the stated objectives for 4-H participants are consistent with actual outcomes reported by 4-H participants, and (4) the relationship of selected descriptive variables to the actual outcomes reported by 4-H participants;The sample studied included 4-H'ers with advance entries in the communication department, livestock department, clothing programs and judging contests at the 1989 ...


Economic Hardship, Family Relationships, And Adolescent Distress , Camilla Siu-Na Ho Jan 1991

Economic Hardship, Family Relationships, And Adolescent Distress , Camilla Siu-Na Ho

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Adolescence is a period characterized by multiple life changes. Biological, psychological, and social factors interact at an accelerated rate to shape the adolescent's development. Additional life stress during this time is especially detrimental to the psychological well-being of a person. Not only is economic hardship directly harmful to the socioemotional development of the adolescent, it may exert indirect damaging effects on the adolescent through its adverse effects on the family supporting system of the adolescent. This dissertation aims to (1) examine existing literature on the relationship between life changes and stress during adolescence, (2) examine existing literature on the ...


Etymology-Based Instructional System: Using Hypermedia To Teach The Recognition Of Chinese Characters To Beginning Learners Of Chinese As A Second Language , Shu Hor Jan 1991

Etymology-Based Instructional System: Using Hypermedia To Teach The Recognition Of Chinese Characters To Beginning Learners Of Chinese As A Second Language , Shu Hor

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As a logographic script, written Chinese conveys meaning directly from its graphic forms. Numerous researchers have suggested the pedagogical strategy of teaching Chinese writing by emphasizing the pictorial features of Chinese characters. This study was conducted to develop and to evaluate an instructional system in which instructional materials are based upon Chinese etymology and presented by hypermedia system;Thirty characters were selected, and pertinent information such as original forms, evolution of shapes, meanings, pronunciations,and applications were included. Presentation of the material, stored on a videodisc, was controlled by a HyperCard program;Twenty-eight beginning learner of Chinese as a second ...


Selecting Criteria For The Evaluation Of District Level Curriculum Administrators Based On Item Discrimination Power , Charles E. Ruebling Jan 1991

Selecting Criteria For The Evaluation Of District Level Curriculum Administrators Based On Item Discrimination Power , Charles E. Ruebling

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Among the approaches to increasing the quality of education is a focus on the performance improvement of individuals relative to important job responsibilities, competencies, and outcomes. The purpose of this study was to identify valid, reliable, and discriminating performance evaluation items for district level curriculum administrators;A 54-item evaluation questionnaire was created based on a review of literature that included the roles of curriculum administrators and the characteristics of effective school districts. Job descriptions and evaluation instruments from school districts were also reviewed. The items were classified as job responsibilities, job competencies, or job outcomes. A five-point Likert type scale ...


An Investigation Of The Science Content Preparation Of Iowa State University Elementary Education Majors: Relationships Among Secondary And College Course Backgrounds, Attitude Toward Teaching Science, Science Teaching Efficacy, Science Misconceptions, And Science Achievement , Kenneth Wayne Thompson Jan 1991

An Investigation Of The Science Content Preparation Of Iowa State University Elementary Education Majors: Relationships Among Secondary And College Course Backgrounds, Attitude Toward Teaching Science, Science Teaching Efficacy, Science Misconceptions, And Science Achievement , Kenneth Wayne Thompson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The goal of this study was to explore the role that formal science content education plays in the process of educating future elementary teachers of science. The formal science content preparation of elementary education majors was investigated to explore the relationships between secondary school and college science content preparation and science achievement, attitude toward teaching science, science teaching efficacy, selected science misconceptions, and other demographic variables. Some of the instruments utilized included Enoch's and Rigg's Science Teaching Efficacy Belief Instrument Form B, Thompson's and Shrigley's Revised Science Attitude Scale, the ACT Science Reasoning Test, student constructed ...


An Examination Of Performance Evaluation Of Special Education Teachers In Iowa , Bonita J. Twedt Jan 1991

An Examination Of Performance Evaluation Of Special Education Teachers In Iowa , Bonita J. Twedt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purposes of this investigation were to (1) examine the quality of special education teacher evaluation in regard to teacher, evaluator, procedure, feedback and context attributes, (2) to determine whether a difference exists between the perceived quality of evaluation between regular and special education teachers, (3) to determine whether the presence of a director of special education within the district affects the quality rating of special education teacher evaluations, and (4) to determine whether the severity level of the instructional program in which a teacher is evaluated affects the quality rating of special education teacher evaluations;Two hundred forty-six ...


Undergraduate Student Perceptions Of Academic Dishonesty As A Function Of Ethnicity And Religious Participation , Edward Michael Sutton Jan 1991

Undergraduate Student Perceptions Of Academic Dishonesty As A Function Of Ethnicity And Religious Participation , Edward Michael Sutton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose was to examine undergraduates' perceptions of the nature, frequency, and possible justification of dishonest behaviors in relation to ethnicity (African-American, White American) and religious involvement (low, medium and high);Fifteen dishonest behaviors were presented. Those rated "definitely cheating" were: taking an exam for another student, copying from someone's exam, giving or receiving signals and/or answers during an exam, using unauthorized exam notes, turning in a commercially prepared paper or one written by another student;Behaviors considered "probably cheating" were: bringing information to an exam on a disc, arranging seating in advance to facilitate copying, turning in ...


An Investigation Into The Kinds And Amounts Of Writing Tasks Assigned In Some Black South African Secondary And High Schools, Goodman Thamsanqa Shezi Jan 1991

An Investigation Into The Kinds And Amounts Of Writing Tasks Assigned In Some Black South African Secondary And High Schools, Goodman Thamsanqa Shezi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Longitudinal Study Of College Students' Attitudes Toward Suicide, Richard Allen Stevens Jr. Jan 1991

A Longitudinal Study Of College Students' Attitudes Toward Suicide, Richard Allen Stevens Jr.

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Attitudes Toward And Adoption Of Dietary Behaviors To Reduce The Risk Of Heart Disease Among Rural Iowa Females, Mary Yang Jan 1991

Attitudes Toward And Adoption Of Dietary Behaviors To Reduce The Risk Of Heart Disease Among Rural Iowa Females, Mary Yang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Perceptions Of Iowa Young Farmers Regarding The Role Of International Agriculture In Agricultural Education In Iowa, Kamal Eldin Ali Elbashir Jan 1991

The Perceptions Of Iowa Young Farmers Regarding The Role Of International Agriculture In Agricultural Education In Iowa, Kamal Eldin Ali Elbashir

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


An Investigation Of The Relationship Between Critical Thinking And Moral Development Among Selected College Students, Bradley Scott Badger Jan 1991

An Investigation Of The Relationship Between Critical Thinking And Moral Development Among Selected College Students, Bradley Scott Badger

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Cross-Cultural Study Of Housing Adjustment Among Korean, Mexican, And American Households , Sehwa Yang Khil Jan 1991

A Cross-Cultural Study Of Housing Adjustment Among Korean, Mexican, And American Households , Sehwa Yang Khil

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation was to compare the housing adjustment propensities of Korean, Mexican, and American households. The theoretical framework was the Morris and Winter model of housing adjustment. Every household in every culture was assumed to perform a sequence of housing adjustment behaviors to attain desired housing. The purposes had been accomplished through an analysis of three data sets from different sources. Path analysis was employed for testing the empirical model, and the same procedures were performed individually with the three sets of data. There seemed to be some similarities in adjustment patterns between the Mexican and the ...


Professional Competencies Needed By Agriculture Teachers In Hyderabad Division, Sindh, Pakistan , Muhammad Umar Mallah Jan 1991

Professional Competencies Needed By Agriculture Teachers In Hyderabad Division, Sindh, Pakistan , Muhammad Umar Mallah

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study identified 92 professional competencies needed by agriculture teachers. All competencies were considered to be of moderate to high importance;The population for this study consisted of agriculture teachers and headmasters of 50 randomly selected schools in Hyderabad Division and all eight teacher educators at Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam, Pakistan. A 1-5 point scale was used to access the degree of competence needed by agriculture teachers for each of the 92 competencies included in the instrument. These competencies were grouped into six competency categories. These categories were: (i) program management, (ii) guidance, (iii) professional role and development, (iv) program ...


Educators' Beliefs About Kindergarten Practices , Gloysis Mayers Jan 1991

Educators' Beliefs About Kindergarten Practices , Gloysis Mayers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Educators' beliefs about kindergarten practices were investigated in this study. Subjects were 56 kindergarten teachers, 51 first-grade teachers and 47 principals from Iowa public school districts offering full-day every day kindergarten programs and 46 kindergarten teachers, 43 first-grade teachers and 45 principals from schools offering half-day every day programs. A majority of the kindergarten teachers have 11+ years of kindergarten teaching experience and an elementary (K-6) teaching certification. The Teacher Information Survey and the Teacher Questionnaire addressing teachers' beliefs and instructional classroom practices were completed. Results from ANOVA and the Duncan multiple range test revealed that kindergarten teachers first-grade teachers ...


An Assessment And Analysis Of Agricultural Extension Education Programs In Peru: Implications For Development , Rebecca Brown Mejia Jan 1991

An Assessment And Analysis Of Agricultural Extension Education Programs In Peru: Implications For Development , Rebecca Brown Mejia

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Over the past decades, there has been a decline in the performance of the Peruvian agricultural sector while the importation of food is increasing. The poor performance of the agricultural sector contributes to the decreasing standard of living among the majority of Peruvians and the increasing level of malnutrition and social unrest;The main purposes of this study were to develop a comprehensive profile of institutions which promote agricultural development in Peru and to provide baseline data on the status of the agricultural extension system as a foundation for future related research. A secondary purpose of this study was to ...


An Examination Of School Climate As It Relates To The Classified Staff , Linda Mae Turner Fortenberry Jan 1991

An Examination Of School Climate As It Relates To The Classified Staff , Linda Mae Turner Fortenberry

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of the study was to determine if the school's climate is a pervasive concept or if teachers and classified staff have a different view of life in the school. The study was designed to determine if there were differences in how certified staff view the school and if the perceptions of the school-based classified staff differ by buildings. The study also examined the influence of six selected factors on the perceptions of classified staff;Two hundred fifty-five certified staff members and one hundred ninety-three classified staff members completed the survey instruments. Two instruments were used: (1 ...


Examination Of A Cooperative Learning Supervision Training And Development Model , John M. Niska Jan 1991

Examination Of A Cooperative Learning Supervision Training And Development Model , John M. Niska

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a Cooperative Learning Supervision Training and Development Model (CLSTD) on the skills, confidence levels, and sense of efficacy of principals supervising cooperative learning. A non-equivalent pretest-posttest control group design with matching was used. Principals in the experimental (CLSTD) group attended two, one day training sessions learning how to collect data, analyze data, and provide feedback about the three major parts of a cooperative lesson. CLSTD principals practiced their new skills on the job as peer coaching teams;Data for this study were gathered from (1) thirteen Iowa principals in ...


A Comparison Study Of The Effectiveness Of A Strategic, Short-Term School Counseling Model And Traditional Counseling Models As Used By Elementary School Counselors , Mary Alice Bruce Christensen Jan 1991

A Comparison Study Of The Effectiveness Of A Strategic, Short-Term School Counseling Model And Traditional Counseling Models As Used By Elementary School Counselors , Mary Alice Bruce Christensen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purpose of the study was to compare the effectiveness of the Strategic, Short-Term School Counseling (SSTSC) model and traditional counseling models, as used by trained counselors in the elementary school. Drawing upon the work of family therapists Watzlawick, Weakland, and Fisch (1974) and de Shazer (1985), the researcher specifically proposed the 4-step SSTSC model which utilizes elements of student developmental levels and maximizes inherent capabilities of the school system. Following one individual counseling session, treatment groups were compared. It appeared that students in the SSTSC group improved at a faster rate than did students in the traditional group ...


Development And Feasibility Study Of A Teacher Performance-Based Pay Plan , Terry Andrew Elfrink Jan 1991

Development And Feasibility Study Of A Teacher Performance-Based Pay Plan , Terry Andrew Elfrink

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to develop a turnkey model of a more comprehensive and accurate merit pay plan based on the total systems approach to teacher evaluation. This study reviewed the current incentive pay literature and validated the need, potential format, variables, and procedures for the development and implementation of the plan's algorithms. Finally, this study examined the cost feasibility of the model in terms of teacher compensation using a California school district's financial infrastructure;The review of literature substantiated three overwhelming reasons for the use of teacher performance-based pay plans: (1) to increase recruitment ...


A Comparative Study Of Stress And Coping Skills Among Learning Disabled And Regular Education Students , Natalie R. Davenport Jan 1991

A Comparative Study Of Stress And Coping Skills Among Learning Disabled And Regular Education Students , Natalie R. Davenport

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

School-related stress is the most prevalent untreated cause of academic failure in our schools. Baker (1987) states that this type of stress may afflict six to ten million children per year. There are several types of stress in the educational system. Separation anxiety, test anxiety, and teacher behavior are only a few. For the learning disabled child, along with the aforementioned stressors, there are additional sources of school stress. These include labeling, pull out programs and insufficient social skills. Even though stress-related events may be facilitators for growth and development of coping mechanisms, in certain stressful situations a child's ...


Assignment Sequencing In Professional Communication Courses: The Search For An Innovative Pedagogy, Lynne R. Mcknight Herr Jan 1991

Assignment Sequencing In Professional Communication Courses: The Search For An Innovative Pedagogy, Lynne R. Mcknight Herr

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Kotler's cry for practical dialogue, rather than an exchange of complicated theories, among business communication professors is a rare one. It is not that professors in the discipline don't crave such a thing; rather their peer juries don't believe it to be a respectable quest, one weighted with scholarly worth.ยท Seldom do articles offering such practical advice appear in prestigious academic journals. If pedagogical practicality is included in these journals, the brief blurb (usually one paragraph) is usually confined to the last paragraph of the article, offering little chance for explanation of how to implement the theory ...