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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Influence Of Peers On The Food-Related Behavior Of Adolescents During And Post Pregnancy, Lisa Marie Varner Dec 1991

The Influence Of Peers On The Food-Related Behavior Of Adolescents During And Post Pregnancy, Lisa Marie Varner

Doctoral Dissertations

Peer influence on snack food selections and nutrient intake from snacks was investigated in adolescents during pregnancy and at 12 months postpartum. Seventy pregnant (PG) adolescents completed two 24-hour food recalls, one two-day food record, and a Peer Influence Questionnaire (PIQ) pertaining to participation with close friends in various activities and discussions (including nutrition- and food-related). Fifty-three of the 70 PG adolescents brought a peer to an interview session and participated with this peer in a Snack Food Selection Activity. Thirty-two of the PG adolescents also completed at postpartum (PP) the food records/recalls and the PIQ; an additional 27 ...


Pregnant And Postpartum Adolescents' Appetite Compulsions, Food Preferences, And Reasons For Dietary Change, Janet Faye Pope Aug 1991

Pregnant And Postpartum Adolescents' Appetite Compulsions, Food Preferences, And Reasons For Dietary Change, Janet Faye Pope

Doctoral Dissertations

This study was conducted to examine factors influencing the nutritional habits of adolescents during and after pregnancy. Data were collected on 97 white adolescents during the third trimester of pregnancy, and on 64 of the same adolescents at one year postpartum. The study included three components: (a) an exploration of reported changes in eating habits and reasons for the changes; (b) a semi-structured interview used to obtain information about appetite compulsions (cravings, aversions, and pica); and (c) a sensory analysis of preferences for 16 specific foods.

Data showed that adolescents made positive changes in their diets during pregnancy; 64% reported ...


Attitudes Toward And Adoption Of Dietary Behaviors To Reduce The Risk Of Heart Disease Among Rural Iowa Females, Mary Yang Jan 1991

Attitudes Toward And Adoption Of Dietary Behaviors To Reduce The Risk Of Heart Disease Among Rural Iowa Females, Mary Yang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Cross-Cultural Study Of Housing Adjustment Among Korean, Mexican, And American Households , Sehwa Yang Khil Jan 1991

A Cross-Cultural Study Of Housing Adjustment Among Korean, Mexican, And American Households , Sehwa Yang Khil

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation was to compare the housing adjustment propensities of Korean, Mexican, and American households. The theoretical framework was the Morris and Winter model of housing adjustment. Every household in every culture was assumed to perform a sequence of housing adjustment behaviors to attain desired housing. The purposes had been accomplished through an analysis of three data sets from different sources. Path analysis was employed for testing the empirical model, and the same procedures were performed individually with the three sets of data. There seemed to be some similarities in adjustment patterns between the Mexican and the ...


The Relationship Between Children's Cooperative Behaviors And Parent's Knowledge Of Cooperative Learning, Darice A. Delap Jan 1991

The Relationship Between Children's Cooperative Behaviors And Parent's Knowledge Of Cooperative Learning, Darice A. Delap

Masters Theses

No abstract provided.


Single-Family Home Ownership Preferences In The Nonmetropolitan North-Central Region , Mary Ann Sward Jan 1991

Single-Family Home Ownership Preferences In The Nonmetropolitan North-Central Region , Mary Ann Sward

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation is to analyze the differences in stated housing preferences and norms among farm, rural-nonfarm, and small-town households with some assurance that the differences, if any, are not produced by systematic measurement error. The theoretical basis of the research is the housing adjustment model (Morris and Winter, 1978) but the specific form of the analysis is different because the purpose is focused on measurement. The housing adjustment model is based on the idea that norms and preferences influence housing behavior and thereby housing conditions. The measurement-error model, in contrast, is based on the idea that apparent ...


Food Frequency And Nutritional Status Of Asian Children In The Wic Program , Ali Khomsan Jan 1991

Food Frequency And Nutritional Status Of Asian Children In The Wic Program , Ali Khomsan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Two sites were chosen as locations for the study: Ames, and Des Moines, Iowa. The sample consisted of 75 Asian children under five years old. A revised WIC food frequency was used to determine children's dietary scores that would reflect dietary intake. The mean dietary score was 15, which is taken to be equivalent to an intake of 80 to 100% of the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) for 11 nutrients. Stepwise regression identified children's age as the best predictor for children's dietary scores (p <.05);Anthropometric measurements of weight for age, height for age, and weight for height were used as indicators of children's growth that would reflect nutritional status. Gomez classification, which is based on weight for age ratio, classified 13.3% of children in the WIC program as mild malnutrition. Using the measurements of height for age and weight for height, the Waterlow classification indicated that 8.0% of the children were stunted and 1.3% wasted;Weight for age and height for age of children in small sized families were significantly different than children in large sized families (p <.01). Father's education was a significant factor in determining children's nutritional status. Less education was associated with lower nutritional status as measured by weight for age (p <.01), height for age (p <.01), and weight for height (p <.01). Mother's education was positively associated with children's weight for age (p <.01), height for age (p <.01), and weight for height (p <.01). The length of stay of the parents in the United States positively affected height for age of their children (p <.05) and 25% of the height for age variance was explained by combination of the length of stay of the parents in the United States and education of mother. The length of time in the WIC program was positively related to weight for age (p <.01) and weight for height (p <.01).


Economic Hardship, Family Relationships, And Adolescent Distress , Camilla Siu-Na Ho Jan 1991

Economic Hardship, Family Relationships, And Adolescent Distress , Camilla Siu-Na Ho

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Adolescence is a period characterized by multiple life changes. Biological, psychological, and social factors interact at an accelerated rate to shape the adolescent's development. Additional life stress during this time is especially detrimental to the psychological well-being of a person. Not only is economic hardship directly harmful to the socioemotional development of the adolescent, it may exert indirect damaging effects on the adolescent through its adverse effects on the family supporting system of the adolescent. This dissertation aims to (1) examine existing literature on the relationship between life changes and stress during adolescence, (2) examine existing literature on the ...


The Impact Of Parents And Peers On Teenage Sexual Behavior , Barbara Ann Henderson Kennedy Jan 1991

The Impact Of Parents And Peers On Teenage Sexual Behavior , Barbara Ann Henderson Kennedy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to develop a path model to explain adolescent sexual behavior. The findings indicate that peer's sexual behavior has a significant impact on the teen's sexual behavior. The transmission of parental sexual values appears to come from the opposite gender parent. Parenting practices of father appear to impact on the teen's attitudes and behaviors.


An Undergraduate Home Economics Core: Perceptions Of Students , Lisa Christine Lebleu Jan 1991

An Undergraduate Home Economics Core: Perceptions Of Students , Lisa Christine Lebleu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

An increased emphasis on specializations within the home economics profession has raised serious concerns about the necessity for common core concepts in home economics curricula and the role of such concepts in facilitating the students' understanding of the integrative nature of the home economics profession;The American Home Economics Association's documents outlining accreditation criteria and guidelines identify a common body of knowledge as a necessary criterion for programs of home economics in higher education. It cannot be assumed, however, that students' exposure to a common core of experiences will automatically result in shared concepts, and competencies with regard to ...


A Comparison : Grandparents' Attitudes Toward Grandchildren And Recall Of Attitudes Toward Own Children, Kimberly Ann Byrne Greder Jan 1991

A Comparison : Grandparents' Attitudes Toward Grandchildren And Recall Of Attitudes Toward Own Children, Kimberly Ann Byrne Greder

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/24201593


Sibling Relationships In Early Childhood : Perceptions Of 4- And 5-Year-Olds And Their Parents, Pamela Sue Reding Jan 1991

Sibling Relationships In Early Childhood : Perceptions Of 4- And 5-Year-Olds And Their Parents, Pamela Sue Reding

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.