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Full-Text Articles in Education

A Comparison Of The Effects Of Cooperative And Competitive Methods As Reinforcement Of The Skill Of Answering Inferential Questions In A Fifth Grade Reading Class, Diane L. Arnold Dec 1991

A Comparison Of The Effects Of Cooperative And Competitive Methods As Reinforcement Of The Skill Of Answering Inferential Questions In A Fifth Grade Reading Class, Diane L. Arnold

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated whether a practice session in the previously learned skill of reading a paragraph and answering inferential comprehension questions was more effective when conducted competitively or cooperatively.

One fifth-grade homeroom class of 28 students was randomly divided into two groups: a cooperative group and a competitive group, each containing students from three different reading levels. A researcher-made pretest determined that there was no significant difference between the two groups before the treatment. A practice session was conducted in which the cooperative group worked in units of two or three. Each student in the unit was given an ‘A ...


The Effect Of The Elementary Science Methods Classes And Field Work On Student Attitudes Toward Science And Science Teaching, Gretchen A. Northrup Aug 1991

The Effect Of The Elementary Science Methods Classes And Field Work On Student Attitudes Toward Science And Science Teaching, Gretchen A. Northrup

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The attitudes of sixty-nine elementary education students toward science and science teaching were measured at three different times as they progressed through the Elementary Science Methods course at the State University of New York College at Brockport during the spring of 1991. The course was divided into two parts. During the first half of the semester, the students attended methods classes at the college. At approximately midterm, the students entered elementary schools to do field work. The instrument of measure employed was the Science Teaching Attitude Scales. The three scores for each subject were compared to determine if there was ...


Readability: A Study Of Three Selected Stories From A Third Grade Whole Language Basal, Susan T. O'Keefe Aug 1991

Readability: A Study Of Three Selected Stories From A Third Grade Whole Language Basal, Susan T. O'Keefe

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine whether the readability levels of three third grade stories, that are found within a reading text, fall below or above the publisher's indicated readability level.

The sample group consisted of 78 third grade children. They were assessed through the means of cloze tests. There were three different tests, each one containing a passage from the story in the text. Over the Mountain from the Impressions series was analyzed. Two readability formulas, the Spache and the Lorge, were utilized in determining the readability levels of the stories independently of the publisher. The ...


Kindergartner’S Oral Responses To Stories Either Told Or Read To Them, Mary Beth Ash-Jones Aug 1991

Kindergartner’S Oral Responses To Stories Either Told Or Read To Them, Mary Beth Ash-Jones

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of the study was to determine if there was a statistically significant difference in the quantity of words generated by kindergartners when retelling a story read to them from a book (read aloud) as compared to when a story was told orally, without a book (storytelling). The subjects of this study were 42 kindergarten students attending an urban school district in Western New York. The students listened to a story read aloud from a book. They then retold the story to an adult. The retellings were recorded. The same students listened to another story told orally, by an ...


A Description Of The Read Aloud Practices Of Elementary School Teachers, Leslie H. Kociuba May 1991

A Description Of The Read Aloud Practices Of Elementary School Teachers, Leslie H. Kociuba

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to examine the read aloud practices of elementary school teachers. It also looked at those practices in regards to the differences exhibited between the different grade levels, and the teachers' different philosophies of reading instruction.

Thirty-one teachers responded to a questionnaire designed to elicit their read aloud behaviors. The responses were recorded, tallied, and categorized according to the frequency and the similarities of the responses. These responses were then descriptively analyzed according to the three questions posed by the researcher.

The findings revealed that many teachers are using the read aloud activity as a part of ...


An Investigation Into Teachers’ Attitudes Toward Their Own Writing Through The Use Of A Valid Writing Attitudes Instrument, Pamela Brady May 1991

An Investigation Into Teachers’ Attitudes Toward Their Own Writing Through The Use Of A Valid Writing Attitudes Instrument, Pamela Brady

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated teachers’ attitudes towards their personal writing using the Linn writing attitude scale. The researcher classified twelve elementary teachers as either perceived positive (6) or negative (6) in their attitudes towards their writing. The researcher then evaluated the teachers using the Linn writing attitude scale to see if their scores matched the researcher’s initial perceptions. Two independent district personnel were chosen as interraters to evaluate the twelve teachers using the researcher’s methods in order to establish data reliability. Of the twelve teachers, only two were found to have writing attitudes that did not match the researcher ...


A Comparison Of The Perception Which Third-Grade Students And Sixth-Grade Students Have Of Themselves As Writers, Annette R. Shafer Apr 1991

A Comparison Of The Perception Which Third-Grade Students And Sixth-Grade Students Have Of Themselves As Writers, Annette R. Shafer

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Children learn to write at an early age, however, many children do not enjoy writing as an activity. This masters’ thesis investigates students’ opinions about writing, and compares the opinions of elementary students to those of middle school students. The author surveyed seventy-nine students from two 3rd grade classrooms and two 6th grade classrooms in western New York. The survey consisted of seventeen questions about how students felt about writing in the classroom. These surveys were then collected and sorted into three categories: positive, ambivalent, and negative. The researcher found that about 64% of 3rd grade students had ...