Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1991

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Discipline
Keyword

Articles 1 - 30 of 89

Full-Text Articles in Education

Single-Family Home Ownership Preferences In The Nonmetropolitan North-Central Region , Mary Ann Sward Jan 1991

Single-Family Home Ownership Preferences In The Nonmetropolitan North-Central Region , Mary Ann Sward

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation is to analyze the differences in stated housing preferences and norms among farm, rural-nonfarm, and small-town households with some assurance that the differences, if any, are not produced by systematic measurement error. The theoretical basis of the research is the housing adjustment model (Morris and Winter, 1978) but the specific form of the analysis is different because the purpose is focused on measurement. The housing adjustment model is based on the idea that norms and preferences influence housing behavior and thereby housing conditions. The measurement-error model, in contrast, is based on the idea that apparent ...


A Comparative Analysis Of Two Educational Reform Movements In America : The Eight Year Study And A Nation At Risk, Leoni M. Padilha Henning Jan 1991

A Comparative Analysis Of Two Educational Reform Movements In America : The Eight Year Study And A Nation At Risk, Leoni M. Padilha Henning

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/24307997


The Implementation And Evaluation Of A Sequential, Structured Approach For Teaching Logowriter To Classroom Teachers , Thomas E. Walsh Jr. Jan 1991

The Implementation And Evaluation Of A Sequential, Structured Approach For Teaching Logowriter To Classroom Teachers , Thomas E. Walsh Jr.

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The goal of this exploratory study was to implement and evaluate a Logo inservice model which focused on effective principles of staff development and emphasized Logo problem solving using teacher-mediated intervention strategies. The model was designed to facilitate teacher use of Logo in their classrooms;Subjects for this study included 19 elementary teachers and media specialists from the Ames Community Schools. Subjects completed The Stages of Concern Questionnaire (SoCQ), the LogoWriter Basic Comprehension Test, END-OF-DAY inventories, and the Inservice Evaluation LogoWriter Workshop Instrument. Additional outcome measures included projects shared during a final inservice sharing session, and questions, worksheets, and tape ...


Factors Associated With Professional Role Socialization Of Nurses , Sharon Monley Hillery Jan 1991

Factors Associated With Professional Role Socialization Of Nurses , Sharon Monley Hillery

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Two hundred eighty-two female RNs from Iowa responded to a mailed questionnaire two years after graduating from: (a) diploma nursing programs; (b) associate degree nursing (ADN) programs; or (c) baccalaureate nursing programs for RN students who had previously graduated from ADN and diploma nursing programs (BSN-RN). Professional role was measured by Stone's (1979) Health Care Professional Attitude Inventory as modified for nurses by Lawler (1988). In addition, a variety of socialization factors were measured. Professional role was found to be associated with socialization factors of age, nursing education, academic achievement, practice setting, and some professional development activities (p. <.05). Nurses with higher professional role scores were more likely to be older, BSN-RN program graduates, with high grade point averages, who practiced in nonhospital settings, and who maintained current professional values and practice standards by reading nursing journals and enrolling in formal academic programs. Professional role was not associated with socioeconomic background, nursing position, perceived influence of reference groups, or the following professional development activities; enrollment in individual courses, membership in American Nurses' Association, and membership in other professional organizations. Based on these results, a preliminary professional nurse role model was proposed which reflects the following thesis. The professional role of the registered nurse is associated with many socialization factors. One socialization factor is participation in ongoing professional development activities. These professional development activities include reading professional nursing journals and enrolling in higher education programs. Age is a variable that interrelates with other socialization factors and also relates to professional role directly. For the older motivated registered nurse, factors that promote autonomy, personal accountability, and independent nursing judgements lead to socialization into the professional role. These factors include practice setting and academic achievement. Nurses come from diverse social backgrounds; their socioeconomic status is not associated with other professional role socialization factors. This model proposes that education is the key variable which links these other socialization factors as well as associating directly with professional role. Successful completion of a baccalaureate nursing program provides the foundation for the other socialization factors leading to internalization and enactment of the professional role for registered nurses.


An Investigation Into Factors Affecting Academic Success Associated With On-Campus And Off-Campus Living Experiences For African-American Undergraduate Students At Iowa State University , Valencia Fields Jan 1991

An Investigation Into Factors Affecting Academic Success Associated With On-Campus And Off-Campus Living Experiences For African-American Undergraduate Students At Iowa State University , Valencia Fields

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this case study was to determine if on-campus versus off-campus housing location affected academic achievement among African-American students. The major objective was to survey and provide information on the different types of accommodations, African-American students' concerns, and how these affected their academic achievement. The results of this study indicated that there is no significant difference between the academic performance of African-American students residing on-campus and those who lived off-campus using grade point average as a measure. However, a relationship existed between the students' Scholastic Aptitude and American College Testing scores and their academic performance (GPA);The interviews ...


An Analysis Of Pay For Performance Plans In Iowa Schools , Veronica Waterman Stalker Jan 1991

An Analysis Of Pay For Performance Plans In Iowa Schools , Veronica Waterman Stalker

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

To attract the best people to teaching, and to keep good teachers, schools must begin paying for actual performance. Legislation enacted in Iowa in 1987 established the Educational Excellence Program, "... a performance-based pay plan for teachers who demonstrate superior performance in completing assigned duties.";This study seeks to determine what within-district factors are present which support the selection and development of a pay-for-performance plan. The following questions more specifically address the problem: (1) What conditions or attitudes are present in districts which adopt a pay-for-performance plan? (2) Does a relationship exist between the development of a pay-for-performance plan and the ...


Assignment Sequencing In Professional Communication Courses: The Search For An Innovative Pedagogy, Lynne R. Mcknight Herr Jan 1991

Assignment Sequencing In Professional Communication Courses: The Search For An Innovative Pedagogy, Lynne R. Mcknight Herr

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Kotler's cry for practical dialogue, rather than an exchange of complicated theories, among business communication professors is a rare one. It is not that professors in the discipline don't crave such a thing; rather their peer juries don't believe it to be a respectable quest, one weighted with scholarly worth.ยท Seldom do articles offering such practical advice appear in prestigious academic journals. If pedagogical practicality is included in these journals, the brief blurb (usually one paragraph) is usually confined to the last paragraph of the article, offering little chance for explanation of how to implement the theory ...


Counseling Ethics And Practice: Student Understanding Of The Ethical Practices Of Counseling And Psychotherapy, Jon Michael Schwabach Jan 1991

Counseling Ethics And Practice: Student Understanding Of The Ethical Practices Of Counseling And Psychotherapy, Jon Michael Schwabach

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Assessing Moral Reasoning And Career Decision-Making Among Intellectually Precocious Youth , Cheryl E. Wiles Sanders Jan 1991

Assessing Moral Reasoning And Career Decision-Making Among Intellectually Precocious Youth , Cheryl E. Wiles Sanders

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Two separate research projects were conducted to investigate the moral reasoning and career decision-making of intellectually precocious youth. Moral reasoning was examined among 523 highly gifted youth. Two studies were conducted, with Study 2 serving as a replication of Study 1. Results obtained from the Defining Issues Test (DIT), a test purporting to measure moral reasoning, revealed that gifted individuals earned significantly higher moral reasoning scores than did their average ability peers; they also scored higher than college freshmen, 4 to 5 years older. Also examined among the highly gifted were possible correlates of principled moral reasoning: ability (SAT-M, SAT-V ...


A Cluster Analytic Approach To Interest Measurement With The Act Interest Inventory , David Clay Barnett Jan 1991

A Cluster Analytic Approach To Interest Measurement With The Act Interest Inventory , David Clay Barnett

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The study attempted to identify, replicate and validate subgroups of high school students based on similarity of their responses to items of the ACT-Interest Inventory. A data set collected in 1973 and in 1976-1979 by the American College Testing Program/Institute for Demographic and Economic Studies was used for this study. Random samples were selected and clustered with two hierarchical cluster analysis techniques (Ward's method and average linkage method). Average linkage did not yield a meaningful structure. A six-group solution was selected from Ward's method results for further study. Evidence for replicability of the clusters across samples was ...


Interactive, Satellite-Delivered, Televised Instruction In Corporate Training, Douglas F. Lonowski Jan 1991

Interactive, Satellite-Delivered, Televised Instruction In Corporate Training, Douglas F. Lonowski

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Word Processor In A Whole Language Environment, Dale R. Greer Jan 1991

The Word Processor In A Whole Language Environment, Dale R. Greer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Rhetorical Stance In A Humanities-Based Community College Advanced Composition Course, Michelle Gardner Ramthun Jan 1991

Rhetorical Stance In A Humanities-Based Community College Advanced Composition Course, Michelle Gardner Ramthun

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

One mission of the community college is to prepare students for transfer to four-year colleges and universities; therefore, community college English instructors must prepare students to write for upper-level courses in their majors. At four-year institutions, students face writing challenges that they probably would not take on at the community college level.


The Role Of Questions In The Physics Laboratory Classes Of Two Non-Native Speaking Teaching Assistants, Janet Maureen Searls Jan 1991

The Role Of Questions In The Physics Laboratory Classes Of Two Non-Native Speaking Teaching Assistants, Janet Maureen Searls

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Questions play an important role in science laboratory classes. This conclusion was reached following several observations of science and engineering labs at Iowa State University. Almost all interactions involved questions, and some dialogs seemed to contain even more questions than statements. The students and teaching assistants asked each other an impressive number of questions in various forms and for various reasons.

This case study of two introductory physics labs is an outgrowth of observations made for the Graduate College at ISU. It focuses on the questions asked by the international teaching assistants (IT As) in charge of the labs as ...


Iowa Survey Of Computer-Related Technology Use By K-12 Teachers , Denise Ann Schmidt Jan 1991

Iowa Survey Of Computer-Related Technology Use By K-12 Teachers , Denise Ann Schmidt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

It has been more than a decade since microcomputers became available as a new technology for schools. During this decade, computer-related technologies have become an integral part of the educational environment in schools throughout the United States. Many school districts have purchased large amounts of computer-related hardware and software, only to find that many teachers were uncertain of the potential instructional uses of these technologies. Becker (1990) stated that even though computer acquisition has continued to expand in most schools, there has continued to be a small minority of teachers using computers for instruction, learning, or productive work in the ...


A Comparative Analysis Of Methods Used In Preparation For Occupational Testing , Donald Lee Cox Jan 1991

A Comparative Analysis Of Methods Used In Preparation For Occupational Testing , Donald Lee Cox

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Acceptable and recognized methods utilized to develop competency and prepare for occupational testing are strongly controlled by certifying agencies. Teachers, law enforcement officers, medical personnel and fire fighters, to name a few, operate under specific guidelines for training requirements to qualify for professional certification. Most certification examinations are competency based tests. What methods of preparation a certifying agency recognizes may severely restrict an individual's option to develop competency.;This research thesis specifically investigates fire fighter certification and methods of preparation to develop competency. Over five-hundred Iowa fire fighter candidates from 1989 to 1991 were studied. Written examination scores were ...


Relationship Of Perceived Classroom Social Climate And Course Performance In Computer Literacy Classes , Jolyne Lockwood Ghanatabadi Jan 1991

Relationship Of Perceived Classroom Social Climate And Course Performance In Computer Literacy Classes , Jolyne Lockwood Ghanatabadi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The three conjectures which formed the basis for this study were: (1) People who have more authority and responsibility in a setting tend to see the setting more positively. (2) Perceptions of the classroom social climate may be influenced by factors involving the time class is offered, location of class, and gender of students. (3) Students choose to participate in learning activities when they feel comfortable and challenged within the classroom and in return have lower absentee rates and receive higher course grades;The population selected for the study were 25 sections of the course Introduction to Computer Literacy, which ...


Mother-Father-Child Play: Investigations Of Preschoolers' Home Play Behavior, Parental Involvement And Home Environment , Chittinun Tejagupta Jan 1991

Mother-Father-Child Play: Investigations Of Preschoolers' Home Play Behavior, Parental Involvement And Home Environment , Chittinun Tejagupta

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Relatively few studies have documented the nature of mother-father-child play interactions at home, especially during the preschool years. Based on the ecological approach regarding the relationship of play behavior as a function of the playing child and the play environment (Darvill, 1982), this study investigated the play of 48 3- and 5-year-old boys and girls with their parents in their home. The mother-father-child play was videotaped for 10 minutes and later coded for child's social-cognitive play behaviors and the parental involvement of mother and father. Quality of home environment was measured using the HOME Inventory scale (preschool version);Differences ...


Development Of A Valid And Reliable School Culture Audit , Timothy Eugene Taylor Jan 1991

Development Of A Valid And Reliable School Culture Audit , Timothy Eugene Taylor

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to develop a valid and reliable school culture audit to identify values, normative behaviors, and culture gaps within a school. Following an extensive review of the literature, a national panel of experts and practitioners validated 31 key factors as an appropriate measure of school culture. These 31 factors were grouped into four subscales: (1) Group Support, (2) Achievement, (3) Motivation, and (4) Enabling;One-hundred eighty certificated staff members were randomly selected from six elementary, six junior high, and six senior high schools from six districts (two districts where K-12 2000) in central Iowa to ...


Superintendent Performance Factors That Promote School District Effectiveness: The Perceptions Of Practicing Superintendents, Board Presidents, And Building Principals , Harold Dennis Prior Jan 1991

Superintendent Performance Factors That Promote School District Effectiveness: The Perceptions Of Practicing Superintendents, Board Presidents, And Building Principals , Harold Dennis Prior

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to identify perceptions of superintendent performance factors that are most critical to school district effectiveness, assess superintendent performance in the most critical factors, and identify performance factors most in need of further professional development. Survey data were gathered from superintendents, their board presidents, and building principals in 101 Iowa school districts. Four superintendent performance factors were identified as most critical including (1) provides leadership in identifying school district needs, (2) provides leadership in identifying educational priorities in the school district, (3) decision making, and (4) provides leadership in developing short- and long-range strategic plans. Ratings of ...


4-H'Ers Anticipated And Actual Iowa State Fair Life Skill Experience Outcomes , Debbie Johnson Hall Jan 1991

4-H'Ers Anticipated And Actual Iowa State Fair Life Skill Experience Outcomes , Debbie Johnson Hall

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The objectives of this study were to determine: (1) if the stated state fair objectives for 4-H participants are consistent with the outcomes anticipated by 4-H participants, (2) the relationship of selected descriptive variables to the outcomes anticipated by 4-H participants, (3) the extent to which the stated objectives for 4-H participants are consistent with actual outcomes reported by 4-H participants, and (4) the relationship of selected descriptive variables to the actual outcomes reported by 4-H participants;The sample studied included 4-H'ers with advance entries in the communication department, livestock department, clothing programs and judging contests at the 1989 ...


An Analysis Of Concerns Of Secondary Mathematics Teachers In The Implementation Of The Curriculum And Evaluation Standards For School Mathematics , Patsy J. Fagan Jan 1991

An Analysis Of Concerns Of Secondary Mathematics Teachers In The Implementation Of The Curriculum And Evaluation Standards For School Mathematics , Patsy J. Fagan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this investigation were: (1) to identify the categories of the stages of concerns secondary mathematics teachers have regarding the implementation of the Curriculum and Evaluation Standards for School Mathematics (Standards) (National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, 1989); (2) to investigate the existence of a relationship between the concerns and teacher demographic, participation in mathematics education organizations, content knowledge of the Standards, and philosophical consistency variables; and (3) to determine if the variables could predict, with a reasonable amount of accuracy, the categories of stages of concerns. All mathematics teachers of grades 9-12 who were members of the ...


Economic Hardship, Family Relationships, And Adolescent Distress , Camilla Siu-Na Ho Jan 1991

Economic Hardship, Family Relationships, And Adolescent Distress , Camilla Siu-Na Ho

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Adolescence is a period characterized by multiple life changes. Biological, psychological, and social factors interact at an accelerated rate to shape the adolescent's development. Additional life stress during this time is especially detrimental to the psychological well-being of a person. Not only is economic hardship directly harmful to the socioemotional development of the adolescent, it may exert indirect damaging effects on the adolescent through its adverse effects on the family supporting system of the adolescent. This dissertation aims to (1) examine existing literature on the relationship between life changes and stress during adolescence, (2) examine existing literature on the ...


Etymology-Based Instructional System: Using Hypermedia To Teach The Recognition Of Chinese Characters To Beginning Learners Of Chinese As A Second Language , Shu Hor Jan 1991

Etymology-Based Instructional System: Using Hypermedia To Teach The Recognition Of Chinese Characters To Beginning Learners Of Chinese As A Second Language , Shu Hor

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As a logographic script, written Chinese conveys meaning directly from its graphic forms. Numerous researchers have suggested the pedagogical strategy of teaching Chinese writing by emphasizing the pictorial features of Chinese characters. This study was conducted to develop and to evaluate an instructional system in which instructional materials are based upon Chinese etymology and presented by hypermedia system;Thirty characters were selected, and pertinent information such as original forms, evolution of shapes, meanings, pronunciations,and applications were included. Presentation of the material, stored on a videodisc, was controlled by a HyperCard program;Twenty-eight beginning learner of Chinese as a second ...


A Cross-Cultural Study Of Housing Adjustment Among Korean, Mexican, And American Households , Sehwa Yang Khil Jan 1991

A Cross-Cultural Study Of Housing Adjustment Among Korean, Mexican, And American Households , Sehwa Yang Khil

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation was to compare the housing adjustment propensities of Korean, Mexican, and American households. The theoretical framework was the Morris and Winter model of housing adjustment. Every household in every culture was assumed to perform a sequence of housing adjustment behaviors to attain desired housing. The purposes had been accomplished through an analysis of three data sets from different sources. Path analysis was employed for testing the empirical model, and the same procedures were performed individually with the three sets of data. There seemed to be some similarities in adjustment patterns between the Mexican and the ...


Food Frequency And Nutritional Status Of Asian Children In The Wic Program , Ali Khomsan Jan 1991

Food Frequency And Nutritional Status Of Asian Children In The Wic Program , Ali Khomsan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Two sites were chosen as locations for the study: Ames, and Des Moines, Iowa. The sample consisted of 75 Asian children under five years old. A revised WIC food frequency was used to determine children's dietary scores that would reflect dietary intake. The mean dietary score was 15, which is taken to be equivalent to an intake of 80 to 100% of the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) for 11 nutrients. Stepwise regression identified children's age as the best predictor for children's dietary scores (p <.05);Anthropometric measurements of weight for age, height for age, and weight for height were used as indicators of children's growth that would reflect nutritional status. Gomez classification, which is based on weight for age ratio, classified 13.3% of children in the WIC program as mild malnutrition. Using the measurements of height for age and weight for height, the Waterlow classification indicated that 8.0% of the children were stunted and 1.3% wasted;Weight for age and height for age of children in small sized families were significantly different than children in large sized families (p <.01). Father's education was a significant factor in determining children's nutritional status. Less education was associated with lower nutritional status as measured by weight for age (p <.01), height for age (p <.01), and weight for height (p <.01). Mother's education was positively associated with children's weight for age (p <.01), height for age (p <.01), and weight for height (p <.01). The length of stay of the parents in the United States positively affected height for age of their children (p <.05) and 25% of the height for age variance was explained by combination of the length of stay of the parents in the United States and education of mother. The length of time in the WIC program was positively related to weight for age (p <.01) and weight for height (p <.01).


Long Glass Fiber Embedment In Polycarbonate Thermoplastic , Jeong Goo Lee Jan 1991

Long Glass Fiber Embedment In Polycarbonate Thermoplastic , Jeong Goo Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The study was designed to investigate the effects of time and temperature on the mechanical property of hardness of a polycarbonate (thermoplastic) matrix, to achieve an 80% glass loading to a 20% wet-out for the polycarbonate pre-impregnated rod, to develop the prototype pultrusion equipment for polycarbonate pre-impregnated rod, and to develop the prototype pulforming equipment for polycarbonate fibersteel composite rod. Fibersteel rod is composed of seven pre-impregnated rods twisted into a spiral shape to act as a substitute for steel reinforcement rod in concrete;A polycarbonate matrix which had been solvent treated was tested according to Rockwell Hardness Test (ASTM ...


Guided Instruction With Logo Programming And The Development Of Cognitive Monitoring Strategies Among College Students , Mi Ok Cho Lee Jan 1991

Guided Instruction With Logo Programming And The Development Of Cognitive Monitoring Strategies Among College Students , Mi Ok Cho Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As our society changes and becomes more complex, and as new knowledge and technology emerge, the need for teaching students to be independent thinkers and problem solvers increases more rapidly than ever before. Responding to the ever increasing societal demands, educators have sought for proper learning tools and methodologies to improve students' higher-order thinking and problem solving skills. In particular, cognitive monitoring has been a primary concern of educators and cognitive psychologists. Cognitive monitoring has been regarded as one of the most important strategies in efficient thinking and problem solving. Logo programming has been considered a powerful tool to help ...


Identifying And Analyzing The Factors Utilized By Superintendents In Achieving Their "Personal Best" In Education , David L. Long Jan 1991

Identifying And Analyzing The Factors Utilized By Superintendents In Achieving Their "Personal Best" In Education , David L. Long

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purpose of this study was to identify and analyze the factors utilized by superintendents in achieving their "personal best" in education. The data for this study were gathered from fifty-two superintendents from California, Iowa, Missouri, and New York during the months of December 1989 and January 1990. The superintendents each filled out and returned a "Personal Best Survey" from which the data for the study were gleaned;Major findings of this study include: (1) The most frequently used practices utilized by superintendents in achieving their personal best effort were delineated. The most frequently used practice reported by superintendents ...


Professional Competencies Needed By Agriculture Teachers In Hyderabad Division, Sindh, Pakistan , Muhammad Umar Mallah Jan 1991

Professional Competencies Needed By Agriculture Teachers In Hyderabad Division, Sindh, Pakistan , Muhammad Umar Mallah

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study identified 92 professional competencies needed by agriculture teachers. All competencies were considered to be of moderate to high importance;The population for this study consisted of agriculture teachers and headmasters of 50 randomly selected schools in Hyderabad Division and all eight teacher educators at Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam, Pakistan. A 1-5 point scale was used to access the degree of competence needed by agriculture teachers for each of the 92 competencies included in the instrument. These competencies were grouped into six competency categories. These categories were: (i) program management, (ii) guidance, (iii) professional role and development, (iv) program ...