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Full-Text Articles in Education

An Analysis Of Health Related Fitness Practices In The Michigan Secondary School Physical Education Curriculum, D. Robert Salmon Dec 1991

An Analysis Of Health Related Fitness Practices In The Michigan Secondary School Physical Education Curriculum, D. Robert Salmon

Master's Theses

This study investigated the emphasis placed on health-related fitness in Michigan's secondary school physical education system. Information for this study was gathered from questionnaires. A total of 707 questionnaires was sent out, with 421 returned, representing a response rate of 59%. Analyzed variables included: (a) psychomotor, (b) cognitive, (c) socio-economic, (d) frequency, (e) geographical regions, (f) class size, (g) faculty, (h) public/private education, (i) facilities, and (j) evaluation tests. Statistical analyses included percentages, frequencies, and chi squares.

The findings from this study indicated that only two variables, (c) socioeconomic, and (j) evaluation, had a significant effect on fitness ...


Reinforcement Effects On The I.Q. Scores Of Institutionalized Children And Adults With Developmental Disabilities, Jody Robin Lewis Aug 1991

Reinforcement Effects On The I.Q. Scores Of Institutionalized Children And Adults With Developmental Disabilities, Jody Robin Lewis

Master's Theses

Eighteen institutionalized school-age and adult subjects with severe/profound developmental disabilities were evaluated for the effects of self-selected reinforcement for correct responding on their I.Q. scores when tested with the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale (Terman & Merrill, 1960) or the Leiter International Performance Scale (Arthur, 1952). Subjects were tested under both standard and reinforcement conditions. The results indicated that overall, subjects when tested under reinforcement conditions showed a significant increase in mean I.Q. scores when compared with the same subjects tested one month previously under standard conditions. Several features of the data reveal intriguing results with regard to subjects and ...


Comparison Of Body Assessment Using Bioelectrical Impedance And Skinfold Measurements In The Critically Ill, Elizabeth Mae Gohlke Aug 1991

Comparison Of Body Assessment Using Bioelectrical Impedance And Skinfold Measurements In The Critically Ill, Elizabeth Mae Gohlke

Master's Theses

This investigation compared two body fat assessment techniques, skinfold thicknesses and bioelectrical impedance, in an elderly population. Ten healthy adults and ten critically ill adults, aged 55-93 years, were tested. The body fat measurements were taken over a two-week period. Electrolyte levels, sodium and potassium, and hydration status were monitored. Intraclass reliability coefficients were calculated using a repeated measures analysis design (ANOVA). Bioelectrical impedance was not found to be a reliable method for estimating body composition in this study; reliability coefficients were R =.83, R =.98, R =.83, and R =.32 for healthy males, healthy females, critically ill males, and ...


The Effects Of Peer Tutoring On A Direct Instruction Reading Program, Robert Schuyler Brooks Aug 1991

The Effects Of Peer Tutoring On A Direct Instruction Reading Program, Robert Schuyler Brooks

Master's Theses

This study evaluated the effectiveness of peer tutoring with a direct instruction reading program prior to teacher-directed instruction. Six upper level elementary students participated in the peer tutoring program and two students participated in a control group.

The findings from this study indicate that: (a) pre-exposure to direct instruction in reading lessons with peer tutoring improves student reading rate without increasing error rate, and (b) the instructional time for a teacher-directed lesson decreases when peer tutoring is a part of the reading routine. It was concluded that peer tutoring prior to teacher-directed instruction increases student reading rates without sacrificing accuracy ...


The Effects Of Goal Setting And Supervisory Feedback On Staff Performance In A Human Service Setting, Michael D. Mack Aug 1991

The Effects Of Goal Setting And Supervisory Feedback On Staff Performance In A Human Service Setting, Michael D. Mack

Master's Theses

Goal setting and supervisory feedback were examined to determine their relative effects on the performance of direct care staff. The performance of five staff from a day treatment program for developmentally disabled adults was measured. The specific performance measure of interest was staff implementation rates of daily training programs with clients. The results demonstrated that adding performance feedback to goal setting had minimal impact on staff performance. Yet, goal setting alone as an initial technique was effective in improving the performance of staff. Unfortunately, the long-term effects of goal setting alone may be less desirable than these initial data indicate ...


Cocaine And Timing: Drug Effects Under A Mixed Fixed-Interval Extinction Schedule, Vincent O. Hodge Aug 1991

Cocaine And Timing: Drug Effects Under A Mixed Fixed-Interval Extinction Schedule, Vincent O. Hodge

Master's Theses

The effects of cocaine hydrochloride (3.2-56.2 mg/kg) were determined in rats performing under a mixed fixed-interval 60-seconds extinction 120-seconds schedule of food delivery. Responses were recorded in successive 5-second bins. With the exception of the highest dose (56.2 mg/kg), cocaine did not significantly affect rate of responding under the fixed-interval component or extinction component, or the time of peak responding under the extinction component. The highest dose significantly reduced response rates and shifted the time of peak responding leftward to quicker and earlier moments. Results are discussed in terms of possible rate- and time-dependent effects ...


Repeated Acquisition With Developmentally Disabled Adults: Some Methodological Improvements, Thomas M. Rueber Aug 1991

Repeated Acquisition With Developmentally Disabled Adults: Some Methodological Improvements, Thomas M. Rueber

Master's Theses

This study obtained repeated-acquisition data from four developmentally disabled adults. The procedure was a refinement of one used earlier by Madsen (1988) and a comparison was made between the two. Verbal praise, edibles, and money were used to reinforce correct responding. In addition, an informal comparison was made between individual repeated-acquisition performance and IQ scores. The refinements of the Madsen procedure included: (1) using a 10-second timeout as the consequence of an error, (2) placing poker chips in die-cut holes, (3) using different colored construction paper backgrounds, (4) limiting each session to one sequence, (5) using percent correct responses as ...


The Role Of A Chairperson Of A Michigan Accreditation Program Visitation Team, Ione M. Condit Apr 1991

The Role Of A Chairperson Of A Michigan Accreditation Program Visitation Team, Ione M. Condit

Master's Theses

This project report describes the functions and responsibilities of an accreditation team leader before, during and after a three-day, on-site visit to validate an elementary school's self-study findings. The elementary school accreditation process for both host school and visitation team is described.

The evolution of the Michigan Accreditation Program as conceived by the Michigan State Legislature and current obstacles to the planned implementation in the Michigan elementary schools are review.


Improving The Performance Of Corporate Instructional Designers, Karolyn A. Smalley Apr 1991

Improving The Performance Of Corporate Instructional Designers, Karolyn A. Smalley

Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine to what extent the job aid developed by Brethower (1968) controlled instructional designers’ behavior so that they effectively and efficiently produced performance-based learning programs. This study consisted of developing and testing two iterations of the Analysis-Design Instructional Guide (job aid). Instructional designers who used either version of the job aid were able to meet a higher percentage of general criteria for performance-based learning programs than designers who did not. In addition, they took less time to develop programs than industry norms suggest. Even though the behavior of the designers was not completely ...


A Comparison Of Functional Equivalence Training And Timeout Procedures In The Reduction Of Disruptive Behavior, Steven D . Goodman Apr 1991

A Comparison Of Functional Equivalence Training And Timeout Procedures In The Reduction Of Disruptive Behavior, Steven D . Goodman

Master's Theses

The use of nonaversive or aversive procedures continues to be debated regarding treatment of behavior problems of persons with developmental disabilities. This study compared the efficacy of a punishment and a nonaversive procedure in the reduction of problem behavior. The nonaversive technique involved the teaching of alternative, functionally equivalent, responses. Timeout was employed as the punishment procedure. The functional equivalence training included a functional analysis to identify the motivating conditions for the disruptive behavior of three boys with severe mental retardation. Treatment conditions were evaluated on rate of disruption, effects on learning trials, and time engaged in training. Results indicate ...


Counseling Intervention Methods For The Adult With Advanced Cancer: A Review Of The Literature, Rita Catherine Rogers Jan 1991

Counseling Intervention Methods For The Adult With Advanced Cancer: A Review Of The Literature, Rita Catherine Rogers

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


The Relationship Between Creativity, Neurosis, And Mood Disorders, Katherine L. Stetson Jan 1991

The Relationship Between Creativity, Neurosis, And Mood Disorders, Katherine L. Stetson

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


A Review Of Outcome Studies Of Rational Emotive Therapy, 1982-1989, Margaret. Mccarthy Jan 1991

A Review Of Outcome Studies Of Rational Emotive Therapy, 1982-1989, Margaret. Mccarthy

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Pattern Of Parental Grief Following The Manifestation Of Autism In A Progeny: Chronic Sorrow Versus Determinant Grief, Nancy L. Maurice Jan 1991

Pattern Of Parental Grief Following The Manifestation Of Autism In A Progeny: Chronic Sorrow Versus Determinant Grief, Nancy L. Maurice

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Disarming The Demon: Dealing With Denial In Alcoholism Intervention, Brynn Marie O'Brien Jan 1991

Disarming The Demon: Dealing With Denial In Alcoholism Intervention, Brynn Marie O'Brien

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Trainers And Users Guide To Corporate Management Inventory Inquiry, Christopher Dixon Jan 1991

Trainers And Users Guide To Corporate Management Inventory Inquiry, Christopher Dixon

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Factors Influencing The Sexual Satisfaction Of Spinal Cord Injured Male Veterans, Gail C. Bien Jan 1991

Factors Influencing The Sexual Satisfaction Of Spinal Cord Injured Male Veterans, Gail C. Bien

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Self-Esteem In Black Alcoholic Women: A Review Of The Literature, Kathleen Ann Best Jan 1991

Self-Esteem In Black Alcoholic Women: A Review Of The Literature, Kathleen Ann Best

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Training America’S Workforce, Marla Ruth. Schweikert Jan 1991

Training America’S Workforce, Marla Ruth. Schweikert

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.