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Full-Text Articles in Education

Arboreal Aging, Judi Harris Oct 1991

Arboreal Aging, Judi Harris

School of Education Articles

If the appearance of tree trunk cross-sections symbolically tell the tree's life story, why not use these woody models to help your students construct their own arboreous autobiographies? The color, thickness, and ring pattern of each year in their lives could be drawn with Logo Writer, and then shared and compared with those of classmates to see if any patterns emerge. Similar tree-ring histories for schools, historical figures, literary characters, or countries could also be created.


School Of Marine Science Graduate Program Catalog 1991-92, College Of William And Mary, School Of Marine Science Aug 1991

School Of Marine Science Graduate Program Catalog 1991-92, College Of William And Mary, School Of Marine Science

Miscellaneous

Catalog for the Graduate program of the School of Marine Science at the College of William and Mary for the listed academic year.


Did Nietzsche Know Logo?, Judi Harris May 1991

Did Nietzsche Know Logo?, Judi Harris

School of Education Articles

A selection of quotes shared because of their relevancy to the "Logo Philosophy". As their author listings will indicate, they originate from the common base of human experience from which Logo itself sprang, along with many other calls for reform in education throughout history.


The Handwriting On The Screen, Judi Harris Apr 1991

The Handwriting On The Screen, Judi Harris

School of Education Articles

Now that Logo, LogoWriter, and Logo Plus are common to intermediate-level classrooms, handwriting can be explored in a divergent way: as a vehicle through which to explore arc radii and degree measurement. If students are encouraged to examine cursive letter construction in detail and form a new perspective, their handwriting may improve by default.


Rhyme Paradigm, Judi Harris Mar 1991

Rhyme Paradigm, Judi Harris

School of Education Articles

Hinky Pinky puzzles can be used to help students explore new vocabulary, synonyms, syllabication, and rhyming patterns. Hinky Pinky is an excellent piece of educational software, but Logo can also be used to inspire some fascinating inductive work with Hinky Pinkies.


From A Different Angle, Judi Harris Feb 1991

From A Different Angle, Judi Harris

School of Education Articles

We are all familiar with the facilitative effects of kinesthetic experiences of abstract concepts for learners. Encouraging children to "play turtle" as an integral part of the Logo graphics problem solving process is probably a well-established part of your "facilitator's repertoire" by now. Why not capitalize upon this symbiotic relationship between cognitive and physical activity?


Toward A General Model Of Social Control And School Related Violations, Robin E. Sowell Jan 1991

Toward A General Model Of Social Control And School Related Violations, Robin E. Sowell

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Luminescent Explorations, Judi Harris Jan 1991

Luminescent Explorations, Judi Harris

School of Education Articles

As the winter holidays approach in many parts of the world, buildings, trees, windowsills, mantelpieces, sidewalks, and street curbs become luminiferous. This, of course, is not a naturally occurring phenomenon. Neighbors align equidistant paper bag luminaries along streets and walks. Hanukkah menorahs are lit with candles for eight nights. Gardeners trace the branches of their favorite tree with strings of lights. And, of course, Christmas celebrants often line their roofs, windows, and doors with multicolored electric bulbs. Inherent in this luminating decorations are motivating mathematical lessons on perimeter and area.


Pattern Microworlds And Microworld Patterns, Judi Harris Jan 1991

Pattern Microworlds And Microworld Patterns, Judi Harris

School of Education Articles

Young children are natural pattern-makers. Their fascination and facility with rap music, jump rope rhymes, percussive rhythms, and foreign language, for example, attest to innate interests in and abilities to detect, understand, and reproduce patterns in different contexts. If children are natural pattern-makers, then, according to G.H. Hardy (and Seymour Papert, the "father of the Logo turtle"), they are also natural mathematicians.


Siblings Of Elementary Gifted Students: The Sibling Relationship, Self-Concept And Classroom Behavior, Karen Elizabeth Poe West Jan 1991

Siblings Of Elementary Gifted Students: The Sibling Relationship, Self-Concept And Classroom Behavior, Karen Elizabeth Poe West

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study was undertaken for the purpose of determining if the siblings of gifted elementary students differ significantly from siblings of non-gifted elementary students in sibling affection, self-concept, or observable classroom behavior; and to investigate the relationship between sibling affection and self-concept, sibling affection and observable classroom behavior, and self-concept and observable classroom behavior.;The sample was selected from a large, urban school district located in the Mid-South. Thirty-eight pairs of siblings were selected from two-sibling families in which both children were enrolled in grades 3 through 6. Group 1 (Gifted/Siblings) consisted of first-born children who were state certified ...


The Utility Of A Computerized Assessment Battery To Evaluate Cognitive Functioning And Attention, Carl Richard Ellis Jan 1991

The Utility Of A Computerized Assessment Battery To Evaluate Cognitive Functioning And Attention, Carl Richard Ellis

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

In recent years much attention has been given to the application of computer technology to psychometric methods, but researchers have concentrated on adapting traditional methods of psychological testing to the new technology instead of utilizing it to develop innovative methods of assessment. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a computerized assessment battery designed to evaluate cognitive functioning and attention could demonstrate reliability and validity. The Computerized Cognitive Assessment Battery (CCAB) was developed according to the PASS Model of Cognitive Functioning and administered via a Macintosh computer and test results included response style variables (mouse movement and response ...


The Call Of The Wild: Investigating The Relationship Between Adventure Education, Character Development, And The College Curriculum, Barbara Ann Klingman Jan 1991

The Call Of The Wild: Investigating The Relationship Between Adventure Education, Character Development, And The College Curriculum, Barbara Ann Klingman

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this research was to investigate the potential utilization of adventure education programs to provide an effective and innovative alternative for enhancing the college undergraduate experience. Initial research consisted of performing an indepth study of higher education's curriculum reform literature and studies and literature on adventure education programs. Specific components of the curriculum reform literature regarding character development were then correlated with attributes discovered in the adventure education literature. The interrelationship that developed provided a theoretical rationale from which to propose that adventure education programs could indeed address many of the objectives of the recommended curriculum.;The ...


A Study Of The Effectiveness Of Public College And University Support Service Programs For Students With Disabilities In The Commonwealth Of Virginia: Do They Offer What They Purport To Offer?, Betty Jo Buck Jan 1991

A Study Of The Effectiveness Of Public College And University Support Service Programs For Students With Disabilities In The Commonwealth Of Virginia: Do They Offer What They Purport To Offer?, Betty Jo Buck

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The implementation of Public Law 94-142 (amended in 1990 by Public Law 101-476) guaranteed individuals with disabilities a quality public education. Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 opened the doors of postsecondary educational institutions to individuals with disabilities wishing to continue their educations past high school. This influx of diverse individuals to colleges/universities has created a need for support service programs to assist, guide, and ensure the success of this population. Postsecondary institutions have responded to this need by creating offices that provide a variety of services to students with disabilities. It was the purpose of this ...


Keeping The House In Order: Government Regulations And Campus Compliance. A Case Study Of Section 504 Of The Rehabilitation Act Of 1973 And Compliance By The College Of William And Mary, Robbie Lee Cordle Jan 1991

Keeping The House In Order: Government Regulations And Campus Compliance. A Case Study Of Section 504 Of The Rehabilitation Act Of 1973 And Compliance By The College Of William And Mary, Robbie Lee Cordle

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The topic of this study is federal regulations and university compliance. The purpose is to understand university compliance with public policy; the approach used is a case study of one particular university, the College of William and Mary, and its compliance measures with Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. Areas that are reviewed are as follows: (I) Public Policy and Compliance of Colleges; (II) Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973; (III) Organizational Behavior: College Response to External Mandates; (IV) Particular Case School: The College of William and Mary, Circa 1693.;This study looks at broad interpretations ...


Learning And Study Strategies Inventory (Lassi): A Validity Study, Anne Witt Perkins Jan 1991

Learning And Study Strategies Inventory (Lassi): A Validity Study, Anne Witt Perkins

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to examine the construct and predictive validity of the Learning and Study Strategies Inventory (LASSI). The LASSI is an instrument designed to assess utilization of learning and study strategies and methods for the purpose of measuring strategy use, diagnosing deficiencies, and prescribing intervention. The literature suggests that valid instruments of this type are sadly lacking. The LASSI User's Manual, however, presents no statistical evidence of instrument validity. The need for this verification became crucial with The College of William and Mary's selection of the inventory for administration to the 1990 freshman class ...


Reactions To Spousal Death Resulting From Cancer: A Descriptive Study Of Anticipatory Grief And The Cognitive Appraisal Of The Loss Of A Spouse, Jennifer Claire Kinyon Elison Jan 1991

Reactions To Spousal Death Resulting From Cancer: A Descriptive Study Of Anticipatory Grief And The Cognitive Appraisal Of The Loss Of A Spouse, Jennifer Claire Kinyon Elison

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study described spousal reactions to loss following a cancer related death. Anticipatory grieving behaviors and variables unique to cancer were examined using Lazarus' cognitive appraisal paradigm. An interview which focused on self-reported changes in thoughts and feelings from time of diagnosis to the time of the death was administered by the researcher to thirty men and/or women whose spouses had died from cancer over the past two and a half years.;Individual responses to the interview questions were categorized according to type of response. The findings suggest that the majority of men and/or women whose spouses have ...


Efficacy Of Self-Instructional Training In The Management Of Test Anxiety: A Primary Prevention Model, Rita Schreyer Wagner Jan 1991

Efficacy Of Self-Instructional Training In The Management Of Test Anxiety: A Primary Prevention Model, Rita Schreyer Wagner

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a program of self-instructional training, presented as part of the regular classroom guidance curriculum, in the reduction of test anxiety and improvement of test performance in third grade children.;The sample consisted of 88 third grade students enrolled in regular education in an elementary school. Intact classes were randomly assigned to treatment and control groups. A nonequivalent control group research design was used. Dependent variables were test anxiety, academic achievement, and test performance and were measured by the Test Anxiety Scale for Children, the Kaufman Test of Educational Achievement ...


The Current Attitudes Of Principals And Teachers Regarding Mainstreaming In Virginia Middle-Level Schools, Janice Landmesser Farley Jan 1991

The Current Attitudes Of Principals And Teachers Regarding Mainstreaming In Virginia Middle-Level Schools, Janice Landmesser Farley

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study investigated the relationship between the attitudes of principals and teachers toward mainstreaming and the level of comfort participants felt toward special education and mainstreaming. Sixty-five large and small middle schools from the state of Virginia were randomly selected to participate in this study. Participants completed demographic/information sheets, the Attitude Towards Mainstreaming Scale (ATMS), and the Comfortability Scale for Special Education (CSSE). Data were analyzed using statistical methods.;The following research questions were explored (1) do the current attitudes of school personnel differ from previous findings, (2) does a middle level principal's attitude relate to a middle ...


The Effect Of Computer-Assisted Instruction In Improving Mathematics Performance Of Low-Achieving Ninth-Grade Students, Thomas Everett Bailey Jan 1991

The Effect Of Computer-Assisted Instruction In Improving Mathematics Performance Of Low-Achieving Ninth-Grade Students, Thomas Everett Bailey

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine whether computer assisted instruction of mathematics produces significantly greater improvement in mathematics performance of low achieving ninth grade students than teaching mathematics skills without computer assisted instruction.;The sample consisted of four classes (N = 46) of ninth grade students who had registered for the course "Mathematics Nine," and whose eighth grade ITBS scores fell between the 1st and 30th national percentile. Identified students were randomly assigned to one of four instructors and one of two instructional groups (computer assisted instruction or non computer instruction). Two classes with different instructors were taught the ...


An Investigation Of Eligibility Decision Congruence Among School Administrators, Psychologists, And Social Workers For Virginia's Developmentally Delayed Population, John William Faircloth Jan 1991

An Investigation Of Eligibility Decision Congruence Among School Administrators, Psychologists, And Social Workers For Virginia's Developmentally Delayed Population, John William Faircloth

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The study investigated the construct of eligibility decision congruence as it applied to professional decision-makers for children with suspected developmental delays. Professional status and judgement format were the key variables of interest. Three distinct professional groups were surveyed: school administrators, psychologists, and social workers. The control group used professional judgement to determine eligibility, whereas the experimental group used a structured worksheet and eligibility criteria. One hundred and twenty subjects participated in a simulation of the eligibility decision process. Each subject was given five case summaries. A correct determination of eligibility was established for each case based on the decision of ...


A Comparative Study Of Students Served In A Transitional First-Grade With Students Retained In Grade And Regularly Promoted Students, Philip Iovino Jan 1991

A Comparative Study Of Students Served In A Transitional First-Grade With Students Retained In Grade And Regularly Promoted Students, Philip Iovino

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to compare three groups of students: (1) those who were served in a transitional first grade program by a teacher having an interactionist philosophy, (2) those who were previously retained in grade, and (3) a random sample of regularly promoted students. This study used the philosophical orientation of the teacher as the indicator for the type of transitional program (independent variable). The age of the student (birthdate) was also used as an independent variable. The dependent variables used to make these comparisons were ability scores, achievement scores, self-esteem scores, and attendance.;Findings indicate that ...


A Comparison Of The Performance Of Students Prepared For Study At Old Dominion University Through A Developmental Program With Those Accepted Directly From Secondary Schools, Nathaniel Elias Villaire Jan 1991

A Comparison Of The Performance Of Students Prepared For Study At Old Dominion University Through A Developmental Program With Those Accepted Directly From Secondary Schools, Nathaniel Elias Villaire

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the performance of freshmen, as measured by cumulative GPA, who received developmental preparation at the college level with those who were prepared by the secondary school systems. The author's intention was to obtain data for accountability of institutional performance and provide public officials with a program effectiveness base.;Data were obtained from the institutional research office of Old Dominion University in Norfolk, Virginia on all entering freshmen students for the years 1988 and 1989. The data base was sanitized for confidentiality and contained information on the sex, age, ethnic background, high ...


A Case Study Of The Predictive Ability Of Placement Tests For Principles Of Accounting, Sonja Ann Sanders Villaire Jan 1991

A Case Study Of The Predictive Ability Of Placement Tests For Principles Of Accounting, Sonja Ann Sanders Villaire

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The predictive ability of mathematics and reading placement tests used as a prerequisite for entry into the introductory level of accounting principles was investigated in a case study conducted at Thomas Nelson Community College in Hampton, Virginia for students enrolled during the 19-month period beginning with June 1988 and ending with December 1989. The entire population of 1353 students was used in the study which tested for the independence of two variables, assessed or non-assessed students and their success (or non-success) in the course. In addition, the scores on the placement tests were compared with the final grade of the ...


Antecedents Of Maternal-Infant Attachment: A Longitudinal Study, Jacqueline Jeanne White Jan 1991

Antecedents Of Maternal-Infant Attachment: A Longitudinal Study, Jacqueline Jeanne White

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation was designed to measure the longitudinal effects of several maternal and infant variables, on the security of attachment as assessed by the Strange Situation. The sixty mother-infant dyads who participated in this study were recruited from three Tidewater prenatal clinics. The goal of this dissertation was to determine the correlation of maternal and infant constructs with the criterion variables of maternal perception of her baby and the Strange Situation. The statistical technique of path analysis was utilized to analyze data collected over five periods: prenatal, postpartum, three-, six- and sixteen-months. The results of the path analysis revealed that ...


An Exploration Of Patterns Of Influence Shaping Rural Gifted Students. (Volumes I And Ii), Donna Pugh Owen Jan 1991

An Exploration Of Patterns Of Influence Shaping Rural Gifted Students. (Volumes I And Ii), Donna Pugh Owen

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study is to identify social and intellectual sources of influence shaping 14 gifted high school seniors in one rural culture, to delineate patterns among those sources of influence, and to generate questions for further investigation of giftedness--primarily in a rural culture.;All 14 seniors attending the single public high school in a rural county in eastern Virginia who had been identified according to state guidelines as gifted by school division personnel were selected as subjects for this case study research. The triangulated data collection methods used in this study encompass interviews, observations, and the examination of ...


An Investigation And Analysis Of Educator Perceptions Of Mainstreaming Mildly Handicapped Students In Grades 5-9 In Randomly Selected Urban And Rural School Divisions In Virginia Public Schools, Pamela Buckner Riedel Jan 1991

An Investigation And Analysis Of Educator Perceptions Of Mainstreaming Mildly Handicapped Students In Grades 5-9 In Randomly Selected Urban And Rural School Divisions In Virginia Public Schools, Pamela Buckner Riedel

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the perceptions that school principals, directors of special education/directors of pupil personnel/psychologists, regular educators, and special educators in Virginia public schools have of the process of integrating educable mentally retarded, learning disabled, and emotionally disturbed students into regular classes in grades 5-9. The study sought to examine mainstreaming perceptions of educators, factors that underlie educator perceptions, and obtain individual qualitative accounts of educator perspectives regarding the availability of instructional resources within their school divisions.;The Survey of Educator Perceptions of Enhancing and Restraining Forces Related to the Integration of Mildly ...


An Exception To The Rule: Bank Street College Of Education As An Independent Professional School (1916-1990), Jane M. Bailey Jan 1991

An Exception To The Rule: Bank Street College Of Education As An Independent Professional School (1916-1990), Jane M. Bailey

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This historical case study of Bank Street College of Education examines the organizational arrangement of an independent professional school as an alternative to standard college/university-based schools of education. Bank Street College of Education claims to be a school with a clear, purposeful mission that is organized in a free-standing arrangement. This study tests the efficacy of that claim by looking at five criteria for schools of education: clear mission, strong leadership, consonant external relations, mission-supported research, and strong structure; over five periods of time.;Using Burton Clark's (1971) theory of organizational saga and Grant and Riesman's (1978 ...


An Historical Policy Analysis Of Educational Articulation: A Case Study Of The Commonwealth Of Virginia, 1966--1990, Maxine Branch Singleton Jan 1991

An Historical Policy Analysis Of Educational Articulation: A Case Study Of The Commonwealth Of Virginia, 1966--1990, Maxine Branch Singleton

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Articulation was the topic of some educational leaders within Virginia over twenty years ago. More recently, however, the Commonwealth developed statewide articulation.;The procedure used in this research to present the findings of this study involved an examination of various documents. Some of these documents were produced by the State Council of Higher Education for Virginia, the State Board of Education, Minutes of State Council meetings, as well as Minutes of Board of Education meetings. Interviews were another source of data. Interviews were obtained from persons involved in educational articulation in the Commonwealth. A few of the persons interviewed included ...


An Analysis Of Characteristics Associated With Corporate Colleges, Jean Simpson Rose Jan 1991

An Analysis Of Characteristics Associated With Corporate Colleges, Jean Simpson Rose

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine the degree of change in corporate colleges between 1985 and 1989 and to examine the evolution of these institutions to structures and programs which more closely resemble traditional institutions of higher education. A random sample of three institutions was selected for analysis from the first of corporate colleges identified in the Carnegie Study, Corporate Classrooms: The Learning Business, conducted in 1985.;Data collection instruments were sent to 17 of the institutions identified in the Carnegie Study. of the institutions contacted, 11 responded which represented a return rate of 64.7 percent. All ...


Higher Education's Hidden Craftsmen: A Re-Examination Of The Roles Of Support Services Middle Management, Robert Kimball Seal Jan 1991

Higher Education's Hidden Craftsmen: A Re-Examination Of The Roles Of Support Services Middle Management, Robert Kimball Seal

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This research was designed to determine any differences that have occurred in the last fifteen years regarding the demographics, roles, responsibilities, and job satisfaction of support services middle management in higher education.;A sample of mid-level administrators in the state of Virginia responded to a demographics questionnaire and to the Job Descriptive Index (JDI) and Job in General Scale (JIG), two tests of job satisfaction.;The results showed that there has been no appreciable differences in the types of positions or the inherent responsibilities in the last 15 years. These positions were still dominated by white males by a two-to-one ...