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Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1991

Sociology

Education (Higher education)

Articles 1 - 2 of 2

Full-Text Articles in Education

Factors Associated With Professional Role Socialization Of Nurses , Sharon Monley Hillery Jan 1991

Factors Associated With Professional Role Socialization Of Nurses , Sharon Monley Hillery

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Two hundred eighty-two female RNs from Iowa responded to a mailed questionnaire two years after graduating from: (a) diploma nursing programs; (b) associate degree nursing (ADN) programs; or (c) baccalaureate nursing programs for RN students who had previously graduated from ADN and diploma nursing programs (BSN-RN). Professional role was measured by Stone's (1979) Health Care Professional Attitude Inventory as modified for nurses by Lawler (1988). In addition, a variety of socialization factors were measured. Professional role was found to be associated with socialization factors of age, nursing education, academic achievement, practice setting, and some professional development activities (p. <.05). Nurses with higher professional role scores were more likely to be older, BSN-RN program graduates, with high grade point averages, who practiced in nonhospital settings, and who maintained current professional values and practice standards by reading nursing journals and enrolling in formal academic programs. Professional role was not associated with socioeconomic background, nursing position, perceived influence of reference groups, or the following professional development activities; enrollment in individual courses, membership in American Nurses' Association, and membership in other professional organizations. Based on these results, a preliminary professional nurse role model was proposed which reflects the following thesis. The professional role of the registered nurse is associated with many socialization factors. One socialization factor is participation in ongoing professional development activities. These professional development activities include reading professional nursing journals and enrolling in higher education programs. Age is a variable that interrelates with other socialization factors and also relates to professional role directly. For the older motivated registered nurse, factors that promote autonomy, personal accountability, and independent nursing judgements lead to socialization into the professional role. These factors include practice setting and academic achievement. Nurses come from diverse social backgrounds; their socioeconomic status is not associated with other professional role socialization factors. This model proposes that education is the key variable which links these other socialization factors as well as associating directly with professional role. Successful completion of a baccalaureate nursing program provides the foundation for the other socialization factors leading to internalization and enactment of the professional role for registered nurses.


Town And Gown, Analysis Of Relationships: Black Hills State University And Spearfish, South Dakota, 1883 To 1991 , Suzanne Wrightfield White Jan 1991

Town And Gown, Analysis Of Relationships: Black Hills State University And Spearfish, South Dakota, 1883 To 1991 , Suzanne Wrightfield White

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this investigation is to develop a system of analysis to examine the relationship between an institution of higher education and the community in which it resides. A second purpose is to demonstrate the utility of the system by conducting a case study of the relationship between Black Hills State University (BHSU) and Spearfish, SD;The system of analysis includes: (a) five elements of interaction (i.e., event, purpose(s), participants, outcome(s), and interaction type(s); (b) five corresponding questions; (c) two constructed types from the literature; and (d) categorical and supplemental analyses;A list of ...