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1988

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Theses/Dissertations

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Articles 1 - 25 of 25

Full-Text Articles in Education

The Effects Of A Structured Group Experience On The Life Satisfaction And Subsequent Adjustment Of Functional Elderly Persons In A Nursing Home Setting, Elzo Parnell Dec 1988

The Effects Of A Structured Group Experience On The Life Satisfaction And Subsequent Adjustment Of Functional Elderly Persons In A Nursing Home Setting, Elzo Parnell

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a structured group experience (focusing on cognitive reprogramming) on the life satisfaction and subsequent adjustment of functional elderly persons residing in a nursing home. The study was designed to change the negative attitudes of participants towards themselves as elderly and to facilitate their adjustment to institutionalization. We are living in an aging society where increasing numbers of elderly people will spend their final years in a nursing home. The results of this study should be of significance to personnel employed in nursing homes, i.e., social workers, counselors, nurses ...


The Effectiveness Of Feedback Procedures On Machine Set-Up Time In A Manufacturing Setting, Connie J. Wittkopp Aug 1988

The Effectiveness Of Feedback Procedures On Machine Set-Up Time In A Manufacturing Setting, Connie J. Wittkopp

Dissertations

The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a treatment package designed to improve and maintain set-up time in the extrusion department of a rubber manufacturing company. Subjects were exposed to various behavioral techniques including training and a feedback system in the form of both written and verbal supervisory comments with an emphasis placed on improving performance through use of videotaping. An attempt was made to maintain treatment gains by teaching supervisors how to give information concerning set-up performance to their employees. Results indicate that average weekly set-up times for each machine were significantly below baseline ...


Stimulus Overselectivity: An Investigation Of Determinants, Margaret T. Mcglinchey Jun 1988

Stimulus Overselectivity: An Investigation Of Determinants, Margaret T. Mcglinchey

Dissertations

Stimulus overselectivity refers to a phenomenon in which, after discrimination training with a multiple component stimulus, behavior fails to come under the control of all of the components of the stimulus. After a screening process based on past research, a group of children with specific learning disabilities was categorized into one of two groups: overselective and non-overselective. Both groups were exposed to training and testing for generalization. All children in both groups evidenced "stimulus overselectivity" during these tests for generalization. Generalization training subsequently reduced stimulus overselectivity for all students. There were few differences between the two groups. The results suggest ...


Utilizing Daily Repertoire Behavior To Facilitate The Acquisition Of Generalized Imitation In Profoundly Mentally Retarded Adults, Scott A. Kremser Jun 1988

Utilizing Daily Repertoire Behavior To Facilitate The Acquisition Of Generalized Imitation In Profoundly Mentally Retarded Adults, Scott A. Kremser

Master's Theses

Two procedures were compared in teaching the skill of generalized imitation. One procedure incorporated some of the subject's daily behavior repertoire into the imitation training paradigm. Another similar procedure utilized non-repertoire responses during training. Two male profoundly mentally retarded adults were trained with each procedure. Overall, the acquisition of generalized imitation was facilitated by incorporating daily repertoire behaviors into the imitation training packages. Statistical analysis revealed a significant difference in levels of generalized imitation as a function of training condition. Results were variable across subjects however, and it is questionable whether the difference is clinically significant. Further and more ...


Inter-Rater Reliability: A Question Of Measurement In Social Science Research, Lani Kai Eggertsen Goff May 1988

Inter-Rater Reliability: A Question Of Measurement In Social Science Research, Lani Kai Eggertsen Goff

Undergraduate Honors Capstone Projects

Erik Erikson (1968) set forth the framework for the conceptualization and adolescent identity formation in the late 1960's. The assessment of identity invokes a subjective measurement of a youth's process and current standing regarding sociopsychological development. According to Adams (1987) throughout Erikson's writings a "conscious sense of individual identity," a process of "ego synthesis" and formation of sense of social "ideals and social identity" are central considerations when discussing identity.


Training Mildly Retarded Adults To Generate Effective Solutions To Daily Living Problems, Dennis Munk Apr 1988

Training Mildly Retarded Adults To Generate Effective Solutions To Daily Living Problems, Dennis Munk

Master's Theses

Two mildly mentally retarded adults, living in a semi-independent residential program received training in solving common social problems. The subjects were trained to perform five problem-solving component skills: (1) identifying the problem, (2) defining a goal, (3) evaluating a solution, (4) evaluating alternative solutions, and (5) selecting a best solution. The five component skills were trained in sequence, as a multiple-baseline across skill behaviors design. It was hypothesized that the training program would successfully improve the subjects' ability to perform the component skills when solving trained and unfamiliar problems. The unfamiliar problems were included to test generalization of skill. The ...


Validity Of The Squat-Thrust Test Component Of The New York State Physical Fitness Test As A Measure Of Cardiovascular Endurance, Mary Bates Dorman Jan 1988

Validity Of The Squat-Thrust Test Component Of The New York State Physical Fitness Test As A Measure Of Cardiovascular Endurance, Mary Bates Dorman

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

Many schools require the New York State Physical Fitness Test to be administered to grades four through twelve, at the beginning and end of the school year. The squat-thrusts are used to measure endurance. The purpose of this study was to determine if the squat-thrust test component of the New York state Physical Fitness Test was a valid test of aerobic endurance. Cooper's Twelve-Minute Run/Walk Test was used as the criterion measure of aerobic capacity. Eight hundred and thirty-six students were tested on the twelve-minute run/walk test and the squat-thrust test. Twenty students stopped while taking the ...


Development Of Data Base Software To Facilitate Instrument Selection In The Adapted Physical Education Assessment Process : A Thesis ..., Charles Jay Anema Jan 1988

Development Of Data Base Software To Facilitate Instrument Selection In The Adapted Physical Education Assessment Process : A Thesis ..., Charles Jay Anema

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Visually Displayed-Emg Biofeedback : Training Muscle Relaxation In Hearing Impaired Children :A Thesis ..., Cheryl Renee Bene Jan 1988

Visually Displayed-Emg Biofeedback : Training Muscle Relaxation In Hearing Impaired Children :A Thesis ..., Cheryl Renee Bene

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the present study was to test the use of visually displayed EMG biofeedback as a means for training hearing impaired adolescents to reduce anterior temporalis or frontalis muscle tension . Five male and four female hearing impaired students between the ages of 13 and 15 were chosen from the California School for the Deaf, Fremont, CA to serve as participants. Each participant was randomly assigned to either an experimental or control condition. Participants in the experimental groups were given five 15 minute EMG biofeedback training sessions. An additional group of 4 adolescents with normal hearing from Marshall Junior ...


Predictors Of Supervisors' Referrals Of Employees To An Employee Assistance Program , Janet Lovell Nord Jan 1988

Predictors Of Supervisors' Referrals Of Employees To An Employee Assistance Program , Janet Lovell Nord

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine what variables are associated with supervisors' referrals or nonreferrals of subordinates to an EAP. Variables selected for the study included variables found in prior research to be associated with referral or nonreferral and additional variables suggested by the human performance model of Gilbert (1978). Supervisors at the Iowa Department of Transportation (IDOT) were surveyed through in-house mail to measure their responses on variables found to be associated with referral or nonreferral. Supervisors were identified as referrers or nonreferrers based on the EAPs records. Discriminant analysis was used to determine which of the ...


The Relationship Of Field Dependence/Independence To Reading For The Main Idea In Adult Learners Of English As A Second Language, Danik Inger Wold Jan 1988

The Relationship Of Field Dependence/Independence To Reading For The Main Idea In Adult Learners Of English As A Second Language, Danik Inger Wold

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


An Analysis Of The Impacts Of Household Size And Composition On Food Expenditure In Haiti , Deepa Majumdar Jan 1988

An Analysis Of The Impacts Of Household Size And Composition On Food Expenditure In Haiti , Deepa Majumdar

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In this study, the problem of malnutrition in Haiti is examined from a food expenditure perspective. Using data from the Haiti household consumer expenditure survey, first a tabular analysis is done to describe the food expenditure patterns. Then, the effects of household size and composition, and total expenditure on food expenditures are examined by estimating Engel relationships. Household composition is introduced in the general and specific scales, and household size effects models. Income elasticities and weights for six age-sex categories are calculated from the parameter estimates. The empirical findings are used to describe the impacts of household size and composition ...


Stress And Coping Resources: A Study Of College Student Families , Barbara Jo Chaney Jan 1988

Stress And Coping Resources: A Study Of College Student Families , Barbara Jo Chaney

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The differences between male and female college student families on stress and coping resources were investigated in a sample of 133 male and 195 female college students and their spouses. The relationships among perceived stress, student stress, locus of control, marital satisfaction, social support, satisfaction with leisure time and housing satisfaction were also investigated. A questionnaire was developed by the researcher to measure student stress, social support, satisfaction with leisure time and housing satisfaction; standardized instruments were utilized to measure perceived stress, locus of control and marital satisfaction. Correlational analyses were used to explore the relationships among the variables. A ...


A Conceptual Framework For The Design And Delivery Of A University-Level Credit Course By Communications Satellite , Michael James Albright Jan 1988

A Conceptual Framework For The Design And Delivery Of A University-Level Credit Course By Communications Satellite , Michael James Albright

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The past few years have seen increased interest in the use of communications satellites for delivering instruction at the postsecondary level. This study was conducted to (1) compile a set of guidelines for the use of course developers in designing, delivering, and evaluating a satellite course; (2) identify those colleges and universities in the United States with experience in using satellites for credit course delivery; and (3) determine the degree to which the actual practices of these institutions conformed with the guidelines;A literature review in the fields of instructional telecommunications, distance education, and adult education was conducted, and twenty-three ...


Relationships Among Comprehension Strategies Reported By Proficient And Nonproficient Esl Students, Ruth A. Vogelaar Jan 1988

Relationships Among Comprehension Strategies Reported By Proficient And Nonproficient Esl Students, Ruth A. Vogelaar

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Readers seem to employ a number of different strategies in comprehending a text. What strategies do successful readers use? Are the strategies related in any way? Grant Cioffi (1986), who attempted to answer these questions for native English speaker readers, found that proficient readers seem to use clusters of comprehension strategies when reading unfamiliar texts. The use of one strategy seems to be complementary with the use or less frequent use of one or more strategies. However, he did not compare these strategies with those of the nonproficient reader.

This study is modeled after Cioffi's study. The purpose of ...


The Test Of English As A Foreign Language Sample Test As A Measure Of Adolescent Language Ability, Paul Gardiner Osborn Jan 1988

The Test Of English As A Foreign Language Sample Test As A Measure Of Adolescent Language Ability, Paul Gardiner Osborn

All Theses and Dissertations

Relative performance on the Test of English as a Foreign Language Sample Test (TOEFL-ST) was explored in sixty native English speaking high school students. Subjects also were administered the Fullerton Language Test for Adolescents and the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test Revised. The TOEFL-ST was not difficult for this population, indicating that TOEFL tests taken by foreign speaking college students probably assess a level of native English competency well below the high school level. The three tests, including subtests, appear to measure a wide array of subdomains of language competency. The data do not support the conclusion that any of these ...


An Outcome Of The Undergraduate Program Of The School Of Human Services, New Hampshire College, Margaret Mary Foy Jan 1988

An Outcome Of The Undergraduate Program Of The School Of Human Services, New Hampshire College, Margaret Mary Foy

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

This thesis is an outcome evaluation of the Undergraduate component of the School of Human Services (SHS), New Hampshire College (NHC). The SHS is unique in the alternative college movement of the 1960’s and the early 1970’s in the U.S., both for its focus upon social change and for its ability to survive the conservative restoration of the late 1970’s and the 1980’s, that has forced the closure of most of the alternative colleges. This project involved collaboration with the faculty and staff of the SHS to mutually define all stages of the research process ...


Communication Through Athletic History At Eastern Illinois University: 1899-1988, Michael H. Chron Jan 1988

Communication Through Athletic History At Eastern Illinois University: 1899-1988, Michael H. Chron

Masters Theses

This study is divided into 14 chapters, with an introduction, the 12 different sports categories and the year-by-year results, and a conclusion. The sports are arranged into chapters in accordance with the scheduling of the academic year.

The method of research involved collecting and classifying source materials, and interpreting and presenting these facts and findings. This method is critical in synthesizing the development and history of intercollegiate athletics at Eastern Illinois University.

This documented data will serve as a public relations project for the athletic department as a recruiting tool for prospective athletes and coaches who contemplate coming to Eastern ...


The Development Of A School Emergency Plan For The Blue Ridge School District #18, Farmer City, Illinois, Robert D. Hooker Jan 1988

The Development Of A School Emergency Plan For The Blue Ridge School District #18, Farmer City, Illinois, Robert D. Hooker

Masters Theses

The purpose of this study was to devise an emergency preparedness plan handbook for the Blue Ridge School District #18, Farmer City, Illinois. The handbook was designed to aid the school administration and staff by defining definite administrative action in carrying out the steps necessary to protect students and staff in the event of an emergency situation. A data base was formed from several sources. Information was received through a review of the literature; a review of organizational materials; a review of information from school districts through a questionnaire; interviews with individuals from professional agencies; and a review of school ...


Tutoring German Esl Students, Sabina Mussgnug Jan 1988

Tutoring German Esl Students, Sabina Mussgnug

Masters Theses

Tutors of American university writing centers can be invaluable advisors for German ESL students who come to study in the United States. The tutors can directly assist German students in coping with their particular academic and cultural difficulties.

German students must adapt to the American academic conventions to become successful students at their U.S. universities. The tutors can point out to them the features of the American academic standard and show them effective methods for learning and studying in the American environment.

The American academic standard includes the students' almost perfect reading comprehension. Students must be prepared for heavy ...


Sociometric Study Of Academic And Social Perceptions Of Learning Disabled Children In A Special Day Class, Craig Campbell Jan 1988

Sociometric Study Of Academic And Social Perceptions Of Learning Disabled Children In A Special Day Class, Craig Campbell

Theses Digitization Project

No abstract provided.


Syntactic Complexity, Error And The Holistic Evaluation Of Esl Student Essays, John S. Sparks Jan 1988

Syntactic Complexity, Error And The Holistic Evaluation Of Esl Student Essays, John S. Sparks

Dissertations and Theses

This study was designed to test five hypotheses in order to answer the following general research questions: 1) Are measures of syntactic complexity valid indices of ESL writing quality as measured by the holistic rating of student essays? 2) Would a measure of frequency and seriousness of error reflect evaluators' perceptions of ESL writing quality?


A Comparative Study Of Chinese Efl Reading Instruction And American Esl Reading Instruction, Changhua Wang Jan 1988

A Comparative Study Of Chinese Efl Reading Instruction And American Esl Reading Instruction, Changhua Wang

Dissertations and Theses

Reading instruction in China and that in the United States are so different that they are not compatible. In fact, they seem to go in opposite directions. This study examined some of the differences between Chinese EFL reading instruction and American ESL reading instruction through analyzing selected tape-recordings of reading classes from China and the United States, and comparing Chinese EFL reading textbooks with American ESL reading textbooks.

This study was intended to answer the following questions.

1. Is a bottom-up method of reading really taught in China while a top-down method is taught in the United States?

2. Compared ...


Script Effects And Reading Strategies : Ideographic Language Readers Vs. Alphabetic Language Readers In Esl, Minglang Zhou Jan 1988

Script Effects And Reading Strategies : Ideographic Language Readers Vs. Alphabetic Language Readers In Esl, Minglang Zhou

Dissertations and Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine script effects of the Chinese Language on Chinese ESL/EFL students· reading strategies, in comparison to those employed by ESL students from alphabetic orthographic backgrounds.


Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome Policies In Central Illinois: A Survey, Analysis, And Model, Daniel Lathrop Jan 1988

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome Policies In Central Illinois: A Survey, Analysis, And Model, Daniel Lathrop

Masters Theses

One purpose of this study was to develop model policies for school districts to use in dealing with Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). A second purpose was to identify which school districts in the Educational Service Region (ESR) comprised of Clark, Coles, Cumberland, Edgar, Moultrie, and Shelby counties had addressed the issue of AIDS policies. The population surveyed in the initial phase consisted of 22 superintendents within the ESR. A survey was developed utilizing many items from a national study (Keough and Seaton, 1987). The survey was administered during a monthly meeting of superintendents hosted by Regional Superintendent Rosemary Shepherd ...