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Full-Text Articles in Education

A Retrospective-Introspective Look At Second Language Acquisition, Janet R. Zinner Jan 1983

A Retrospective-Introspective Look At Second Language Acquisition, Janet R. Zinner

MA TESOL Collection

This is a personal paper in which I discuss my family’s acquisition of French during a two year sabbatical stay in Brussels, Belgium from 1979 to 1981. I discuss the factors influencing our decision to learn French, our respective modes of acquisition, our rates and degrees of proficiency, and then how that second language fared upon our subsequent return to the United States. I also offer a comparison between child and adult second language acquisition based upon our experience as well as discuss certain relevant psycho/social intra-familial dynamics which came into play while there as a result of ...


Art Activities For The Esl Classroom, Sally Elizabeth Stocking Jan 1983

Art Activities For The Esl Classroom, Sally Elizabeth Stocking

MA TESOL Collection

Teachers often use visual aids in language teaching. In the art activities presented in this paper, students involve themselves in creating their own visual aids, e.g., pictures, collages, and puppets, and use them as a basis for expressing themselves in various language activities. The seventeen art activities in this paper can be used to review specific grammar points, to provide practice in conversation, and to improve writing skills. Designed for intermediate English conversation students, these art activities are intended to involve no more than half of a sixty-minute class period.


Original Readings For Esl Learners, Robert G. Schnelle Jr. Jan 1983

Original Readings For Esl Learners, Robert G. Schnelle Jr.

MA TESOL Collection

Readings for ESL students are too often simplified and controlled. Literature that has been thus tampered with cannot bring satisfaction to learners who have achieved the intermediate levels of proficiency. They need pieces which are authentic in usage. Furthermore, if they are to be actively engaged in what they read, students must have access to material which touches their experience and invites them to reflect upon their values. This collection of original fiction attempts to address both concerns: a)the passages are written with the intent that they be affectively stimulating; and b) they replace simplicity of structure with brevity ...


Towards A Way Of Conducting Ongoing Evaluation Of Individual Students, Bruce H. Rindler Jan 1983

Towards A Way Of Conducting Ongoing Evaluation Of Individual Students, Bruce H. Rindler

MA TESOL Collection

Evaluation is more than giving tests. This paper chronicles my experience in developing a way to conduct ongoing student evaluation in the classroom, with the goal of individualizing instruction. Using an ESL class as a focus, this paper examines how and what to evaluate, the problems I encountered with evaluation--and the solutions I attempted. The relationships between teaching and learning, and teaching and evaluation are also examined.


The Cultural Entry Process In Japan And Mexico – Cultural Factors To Be Considered, David C. Riggs Jan 1983

The Cultural Entry Process In Japan And Mexico – Cultural Factors To Be Considered, David C. Riggs

MA TESOL Collection

This paper is intended to present a triangular cultural comparison of American, Japanese, and Mexican societies. It is written primarily for Americans who plan to live for extended periods of time in either Japan or Mexico, and is written from an American cultural point of view. Included are descriptions of my cross-cultural experiences in the three countries. The main body of the paper deals with the cross-cultural factors which I consider to be the most important to consider when attempting to successfully adapt oneself to living in either Japanese or Mexican society. It is hoped that in some way my ...


An Introductory Course On Computers For Esl Students, Anne Christenson Rice Jan 1983

An Introductory Course On Computers For Esl Students, Anne Christenson Rice

MA TESOL Collection

This paper details the process of creation and an evaluation of a computer course for non-native English speakers.


A Primer In Computer Literacy For Students Of English In A Second Language, David Allen Reynolds Jan 1983

A Primer In Computer Literacy For Students Of English In A Second Language, David Allen Reynolds

MA TESOL Collection

This series of seven readings for ESL students covers various topics in computer literacy. Their main aims are cognitive formation of basic concepts in computer literacy and acquisition of vocabulary pertaining to those concept areas. The intended readers are sixth grade students with an intermediate ESL ability. Grammatical structures are limited to those covered in an intensive beginners' course. Non-technical vocabulary ±s limited to a 1000-word frequency list. The readings are written at a fourth grade reading level according to Fry's Readability Scale.


Two Paces East An Introspective View Of A Cross-Cultural Experience, Rebecca Ann Reagan Jan 1983

Two Paces East An Introspective View Of A Cross-Cultural Experience, Rebecca Ann Reagan

MA TESOL Collection

This is a cultural project, a personal journey through a five and a half year period of my life, a period when I lived in the East, primarily in Nepal and Japan. In this project I discuss the history and cultures of these two countries, particularly that of Nepal, including some of the customs and traditions, values and belief systems. I further discuss the influence that living in these cultures had on my life and my world view. To facilitate the organization of the paper, I have chosen to use a model proposed by Theodore Gochenour and Anne Janeway, "Seven ...


Using Student Generated Material In A Student Centered Classroom, Katherine Rawson Jan 1983

Using Student Generated Material In A Student Centered Classroom, Katherine Rawson

MA TESOL Collection

This paper deals with a description and analysis of activities I developed for producing and using student generated material in a student centered classroom. The activities were developed during two months of student teaching in Mexico. The paper begins with a discussion of student centered learning, the role of the teacher and the role of the student in a student centered class, and how student generated material fits into this. The following section is divided according to each of .three· classes I taught in Mexico, and these include both children and adult classes, at beginning and intermediate levels. This section ...


55 And Over: A Study Of Success For The Senior Student, Kathleen Watson Quinby Jan 1983

55 And Over: A Study Of Success For The Senior Student, Kathleen Watson Quinby

MA TESOL Collection

The following paper is a report on a class that was taught to elderly Cambodian refugees in the Philippine Refugee Processing Center in 1981. It covers the development of the class from its inception to its final party for '"graduation'". There were many hurdles for the students to overcome in their learning. The strategies that were used to aid the students in overcoming these are discussed and described. Relevant curriculum, a supportive environment in the classroom, and achievable goals are the three key elements that are noted as necessary for success in such a class.


Grammar Charts For Advanced Esl Levels: A Teacher’S Reference, Francis Mausley Jan 1983

Grammar Charts For Advanced Esl Levels: A Teacher’S Reference, Francis Mausley

MA TESOL Collection

This project consists of twelve grammar charts presented in a concise box form. Each chart illustrates several generalizations about the usage of a part of speech. The charts contain such items as: types, categories, sequence tendencies, structure patterns, word and phrase examples, specific functions, transformation processes etc. etc.

The work is intended as an ESL teacher's reference and the format has been designed to present the content in an efficient manner. Each of the twelve charts deal with different subjects and are therefore divided into twelve separate units. All units contain the following four sections:

A. Definition and Assumed ...


The Drama Approach In E.S.L. Teaching An Exploration Of The Richard Via Approach, George Edward Matthews Jan 1983

The Drama Approach In E.S.L. Teaching An Exploration Of The Richard Via Approach, George Edward Matthews

MA TESOL Collection

This project is an attempt to explore the English Through Drama Approach developed by Mr. Richard Via of the University of Hawaii. Special attention is given to the approach's techniques, thoughts on the use of a play in the classroom, practical objectives for the use of drama, and the kind of teacher this approach requires.

There are three short case studies illustrating this writer's work with the Via approach.


Teaching Communicative Competence To Adult Learners: An Intensive Foreign Language Program In China, Wang Lingjun Jan 1983

Teaching Communicative Competence To Adult Learners: An Intensive Foreign Language Program In China, Wang Lingjun

MA TESOL Collection

The main purpose of this paper is to explore some feasible ways in which communicative competence can be taught at the Beijing Second Foreign Language Institute in Beijing, China. In the first part of the paper, a portrait of the institute's intensive language program, including its philosophy, a brief history and a description of the students, is provided so that the readers will have some idea why the paper is focused on communicative competence. Language is then described as a communication process involving linguistic, interactional and variational competence. The main part of this paper focuses on some innovative techniques ...


First Language (L1) Interference In Second Language (L2) Learning (Suggested Techniques And Procedures To Aid Spanish Esl Students Overcome First Language Interference), Burnis Lewis Jan 1983

First Language (L1) Interference In Second Language (L2) Learning (Suggested Techniques And Procedures To Aid Spanish Esl Students Overcome First Language Interference), Burnis Lewis

MA TESOL Collection

"First Language (L1) Interference in Second Language (L2) Learning: Suggested Techniques and Procedures to Aid Spanish Speaking ESL Students Overcome First Language Interference;" explores the evolution of the issues in the area of language interference and particularly the first language interference problems of Spanish speaking ESL students. A contrastive analysis is performed examining similarities and differences of Spanish and English. Theoretical predictions are checked out with actual Spanish speakers learning English. Finally, techniques and procedures are suggested to overcome first language interference.


Adjusting To Life In Mexico – One Couple’S Adaptation Process And Suggestions For Coping, Michael D. Krauss Jan 1983

Adjusting To Life In Mexico – One Couple’S Adaptation Process And Suggestions For Coping, Michael D. Krauss

MA TESOL Collection

In this paper I present challenges which confronted Sharon Beckett, my partner, and me as we underwent the process of adapting to life in Mexico during a three month stay. Some of the issues are unique to a couple with our respective back­ grounds, but, many are applicable to any couple or individual traveling to Mexico or other foreign countries. I discuss some guidelines and principles of interacting which proved helpful to us in Mexico and also offer some suggestions for coping to couples or individuals going abroad. The primary source of data for the paper is a daily journal ...


The Development Of Self-Confidence In A Novice Esl Teacher, Helene Phyllis Kendler Jan 1983

The Development Of Self-Confidence In A Novice Esl Teacher, Helene Phyllis Kendler

MA TESOL Collection

This is a personal paper in which I address the issue of teacher security in the classroom, specifically, the novice ESL teacher's development of self-confidence in his/her role and skill mastery. The paper is based on my second intern- ship as a teacher of English as a Second Language to Haitian refugees. The paper begins with a discussion of basic assumptions about student security and how teacher security is related to it. It goes on to discuss the process of growth of self­confidence from the first teaching internship to the second, comparing skill mastery in the specific ...


A Case Study Of A Child’S Acquisition Of Spanish As A Second Language, Jonathan Julian Jan 1983

A Case Study Of A Child’S Acquisition Of Spanish As A Second Language, Jonathan Julian

MA TESOL Collection

This paper is an individual case study of language acquisition. It is my intent to report the facts as they happened. The subject is my six-year-old stepdaughter, Gretchen, an energetic little girl who in the space of a year and a half achieved near-native proficiency in Spanish. She never attended one formal language class.

I have discovered through this study that dual cultural awareness through language allows for greater creativity within the individual and provides additional opportunity for personal growth and cognitive development. Certainly this has been true not only for the observed but for me, the observer, as well ...


Shifting Responsibility For Learning From The Teacher To The Student, John W. Harmsen Jan 1983

Shifting Responsibility For Learning From The Teacher To The Student, John W. Harmsen

MA TESOL Collection

This paper discusses a personal approach to teaching ESL which encourages greater student responsibility in the learning process. The project is designed to assist teachers who are interested in developing a teaching style which increases student initiative with the goal of helping students become increasingly independent, self-directed learners.

The project is organized into two main sections. The first is a discussion of the rationale and implications for teachers and students in this approach to teaching. Included also is a discussion regarding the necessity of meeting the affective needs of the learner. The second section presents a variety of different activities ...


Sounds Of Culture, Vera Dibov Jan 1983

Sounds Of Culture, Vera Dibov

MA TESOL Collection

This project is based on tape recordings taken from real life situations including recording different dialects, such as the Black American patois. Out of these tape recordings, a series of mini-lessons concen­trating on discussions of cultural awareness have been developed.


An Experience In Training Chinese E.S.L. Teachers In The People's Republic Of China, Albert Camhi Jan 1983

An Experience In Training Chinese E.S.L. Teachers In The People's Republic Of China, Albert Camhi

MA TESOL Collection

In this paper I have related the most important occurrences of my initial experiences in teacher training in the People's Republic of China. It deals with the problems I encountered working with the Chinese. It also treats the cross-cultural awarenesses that developed which helped me to deal with my trainees more effectively. Though the awarenesses relate specifically to Chinese culture, I think that anyone who plans to train teachers from different cultural backgrounds might gain some perspective from reading this.


Housewife's Curriculum: Survival English And Cultural Orientation For Vietnamese Housewives, Gaylord Barr Jan 1983

Housewife's Curriculum: Survival English And Cultural Orientation For Vietnamese Housewives, Gaylord Barr

MA TESOL Collection

The Housewife's Curriculum is a collection of six, self-contained, survival-level, English and cultural orientation lessons, The lessons were created for Vietnamese 'housewives' in Pulau Galang Refugee Camp, Indonesia. The topics covered in the six lessons of the Housewife's Curriculum are 1) greetings, 2) buying food, 3) buying clothing, 4) directions, 5) doctor, and 6) telephone. Included in each lesson are an introductory sheet, a teacher's outline, a teacher's guide, a vocabulary list (with a Vietnamese trans­lation), a cultural supplement (with a Vietnamese translation), a dialogue handout (with a Vietnamese translation), flip-chart models, and flashcard models,


Acquisition Of English "Wh" Questions By Native Haitian Creole Speakers: Evidence For A Rule Governed Interlanguage, Francis Marion Bailey Jan 1983

Acquisition Of English "Wh" Questions By Native Haitian Creole Speakers: Evidence For A Rule Governed Interlanguage, Francis Marion Bailey

MA TESOL Collection

The study uses the concept of Inter-language to investigate the process of language acquisition of fourteen adult Haitian Creole speakers learning English as a second language. The research is focused upon the acquisition of predicate based and embedded "lffi" questions. An analysis of the data is presented that suggests that the subjects are using two learning strategies: over generalization and simplification. There is also data patterning that indicates that the introduction of the negative into a question is a significant factor in the subjects' inter-languages. The findings from the research tend to emphasize the utility of approaching language acquisition from ...


Teacher-Training Across Cultures: A Workshop Given In The People's Republic Of China, Victoria Rose Badalamenti Jan 1983

Teacher-Training Across Cultures: A Workshop Given In The People's Republic Of China, Victoria Rose Badalamenti

MA TESOL Collection

This paper deals with a specific teacher training workshop which was given in an English for Special Purposes (ESP) Program to Chinese ESL teachers for a period of six weeks in the People's Republic of China. Both the Chinese teachers and foreign teachers worked together in language teams and provided English training to Chinese professionals who were going to go on training programs in English speaking countries. Although well-versed in ESL theory and teaching styles, the teachers lacked the ability to connect their passive knowledge of teach­ing with the reality of teaching in the classroom. This workshop aimed ...


Language Acquisition Diaries: Developing An Awareness Of Personal Learning Strategies, Abby Asher Jan 1983

Language Acquisition Diaries: Developing An Awareness Of Personal Learning Strategies, Abby Asher

MA TESOL Collection

During the summer of 1982, I led a group of Outbound students to Switzerland on a language/homestay program. Before going abroad, students underwent an intensive French course at North Adams, Massachusetts for a period of ten days. Afterwards, they spent approximately one month living with families in the French region of Switzerland.

In the course of this paper, I will describe the implementation of a project developed for these students which involved the use of Language Acquisition Diaries. The purpose of this project was to create an awareness in students of their own language learning process. Through the use ...


Implementing An Eclectic Approach To Teaching Adults In An Intensive Esl Course Based On Student-Generated Material, Marian Elizabeth Aldred Jan 1983

Implementing An Eclectic Approach To Teaching Adults In An Intensive Esl Course Based On Student-Generated Material, Marian Elizabeth Aldred

MA TESOL Collection

This paper is a study of my attempt to implement my approach to teaching in the context of my ESL internship at the Centre d'Etude de Langues in Fort.-de-France, Martinique, in the summer of 1982, It presents. the transposition of an eclectic approach to teaching from its conception to its concrete manifestations, in light of one particular feature: student generated material.


An Introduction To French Daily Life Cultural Activities For Use In The Language Classroom, Noel Gembarowski Jan 1983

An Introduction To French Daily Life Cultural Activities For Use In The Language Classroom, Noel Gembarowski

MA TESOL Collection

This project was written with the intent of demonstrating various means of introducing aspects of the French culture into the language classroom through the use of images, photos, and realia. The purpose of this project is to present cultural activities that will enable the language learner to explore the living patterns of the target language culture through observation and evaluation.


Development Of Awareness And Skills In Teaching: How I Learned Teaching Through The Internship, Ge Fengzhu Jan 1983

Development Of Awareness And Skills In Teaching: How I Learned Teaching Through The Internship, Ge Fengzhu

MA TESOL Collection

In this paper I present challenges which confronted me during the ten-week internship at the ESL program at Pine Manor College in the United States in 1983. I discussed, from my personal experience as a foreign student-teacher, issues in teaching multinational classes. Suggestions are also offered to any foreign student-teachers in dealing with situations similar to mine.


Alternatives In American Education: A Reader For Advanced Esl Students, Ellen Dussourd Jan 1983

Alternatives In American Education: A Reader For Advanced Esl Students, Ellen Dussourd

MA TESOL Collection

This reader for Advanced ESL students presents current issues in American education, specifically alternatives in the educational system. It consists of eight reading dialogues, each followed by a short glossary, suggested comprehension and discussion questions, and suggested activities, both oral and written. The dialogues present each educational alternative, together with a historical perspective, basic information on pertinent legislation and surrounding controversies.

The suggested comprehension questions (Comprehension) cover the essential points of the dialogues while the suggested discussion questions (Talk It Over) point up related issues which lend themselves to class discussion.

Following the Comprehension and Talk It Over sections are ...


Creating And Producing A Major Stage Production, Kristine Gjemre Jan 1983

Creating And Producing A Major Stage Production, Kristine Gjemre

MA TESOL Collection

This paper shows how to prepare for, create, and produce a major production. An ESOL teacher will be able to use this paper as a blueprint to put on a major dramatic production with an advanced English class.

Practice and enhancement of language skills are stressed, along with social and cultural awareness skills. The third part of the paper contains exercises, games, and techniques not only to promote the use of creative drama-· tics in the classroom, but also to suggest exercises which will prove as excellent preparations toward producing and creating a major stage production.


Authentic English For Italian Professionals, Kristin Single Hagge Jan 1983

Authentic English For Italian Professionals, Kristin Single Hagge

MA TESOL Collection

This project is an attempt to fill a need that I began to identify as soon as I began teaching in Rome, Italy. It includes an introduction to the idea of using timely authentic sources of material for teaching English to Italian professionals and contains eight lesson plans that are based on such materials. It provides a guideline for using materials which might be used in conjunction with or as an alternative to a textbook. These ideas should be of interest to all teachers of English as a foreign language.