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Full-Text Articles in Education

A Delphi Study To Identify Possible Futures Of Black Colleges: Public And Private, Gloria Jeanette Miller Duval Aug 1983

A Delphi Study To Identify Possible Futures Of Black Colleges: Public And Private, Gloria Jeanette Miller Duval

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to identify possible futures of Black colleges, public and private. The study addressed four questions: (1) Within the next 10 years, are the events concerning structure and administration of Black colleges likely to occur? (2) Within the next 10 years, are the events concerning programming at Black colleges likely to occur? (3) What will be the funding profile of Black colleges over the next decade? (4) What will be the impact of the events describing structure, administration, and programming at Black colleges? The Delphi technique was thought to be the most appropriate method to ...


The Quality Of Public Education In Boston: An Assessment And Some Recommendations, Karen Seashore Louis Feb 1983

The Quality Of Public Education In Boston: An Assessment And Some Recommendations, Karen Seashore Louis

Center for Survey Research Publications

Motivation, self-esteem, achievement and the development of tolerance and acceptance of others -- these are the goals that most, like Crain, et al., have come to accept as legitimate objectives of public schooling. Yet, there is substantial opinion that the public schools of Boston have been unable to achieve standards in these areas that are acceptable to the public, the students who occupy the schools, and the professionals who run them. For example, a recent survey of Boston residents' attitudes toward the schools indicates that approximately 3/4 of all respondents -- irrespective of race, or whether there were any school age ...


Learning To Read By 'Rote', Daniel A. Wagner, Abdelhamid Lotfi Jan 1983

Learning To Read By 'Rote', Daniel A. Wagner, Abdelhamid Lotfi

Journal Articles (Literacy.org)

Information about traditional Islamic (or Quranic) education dates back to its inception over 1400 years ago in the Arabian Peninsula. During this millennium, Islamic religious schools have spread with Islam to more than 40 countries, spanning half the globe and teaching tens of millions of children (although exact statistics are still unavailable). Until recently, most research on Islamic schooling was historical, focused on philosophy, and was based on secondary sources (e.g., Ahmed 1968; Nakosteen 1964; Rosenthal 1947; Tales 1939; Tritton 1957; Yacoub 1890). In the last several years, a number of investigators have begun to study the various roles ...


How To Shake Hands With A Foreigner. Review Of Stephen Bochner (Ed.), Cultures In Contact: Studies In Cross-Cultural Interaction, Daniel A. Wagner Jan 1983

How To Shake Hands With A Foreigner. Review Of Stephen Bochner (Ed.), Cultures In Contact: Studies In Cross-Cultural Interaction, Daniel A. Wagner

Journal Articles (Literacy.org)

"Culture shock" is a term that is frequently used by professionals and lay-persons alike when considering nontrivial interactions with a foreign culture. Although the term has long been understood by those who have experienced the sensation, it is only in the last decade or so that the psychology of culture shock has been seriously considered as a subject of scientific inquiry. In order to bring together research and researchers in this area, a meeting was held at Oxford University in 1979; the present volume of papers it its product.


A Retrospective-Introspective Look At Second Language Acquisition, Janet R. Zinner Jan 1983

A Retrospective-Introspective Look At Second Language Acquisition, Janet R. Zinner

MA TESOL Collection

This is a personal paper in which I discuss my family’s acquisition of French during a two year sabbatical stay in Brussels, Belgium from 1979 to 1981. I discuss the factors influencing our decision to learn French, our respective modes of acquisition, our rates and degrees of proficiency, and then how that second language fared upon our subsequent return to the United States. I also offer a comparison between child and adult second language acquisition based upon our experience as well as discuss certain relevant psycho/social intra-familial dynamics which came into play while there as a result of ...


Art Activities For The Esl Classroom, Sally Elizabeth Stocking Jan 1983

Art Activities For The Esl Classroom, Sally Elizabeth Stocking

MA TESOL Collection

Teachers often use visual aids in language teaching. In the art activities presented in this paper, students involve themselves in creating their own visual aids, e.g., pictures, collages, and puppets, and use them as a basis for expressing themselves in various language activities. The seventeen art activities in this paper can be used to review specific grammar points, to provide practice in conversation, and to improve writing skills. Designed for intermediate English conversation students, these art activities are intended to involve no more than half of a sixty-minute class period.


Two Paces East An Introspective View Of A Cross-Cultural Experience, Rebecca Ann Reagan Jan 1983

Two Paces East An Introspective View Of A Cross-Cultural Experience, Rebecca Ann Reagan

MA TESOL Collection

This is a cultural project, a personal journey through a five and a half year period of my life, a period when I lived in the East, primarily in Nepal and Japan. In this project I discuss the history and cultures of these two countries, particularly that of Nepal, including some of the customs and traditions, values and belief systems. I further discuss the influence that living in these cultures had on my life and my world view. To facilitate the organization of the paper, I have chosen to use a model proposed by Theodore Gochenour and Anne Janeway, "Seven ...


Using Student Generated Material In A Student Centered Classroom, Katherine Rawson Jan 1983

Using Student Generated Material In A Student Centered Classroom, Katherine Rawson

MA TESOL Collection

This paper deals with a description and analysis of activities I developed for producing and using student generated material in a student centered classroom. The activities were developed during two months of student teaching in Mexico. The paper begins with a discussion of student centered learning, the role of the teacher and the role of the student in a student centered class, and how student generated material fits into this. The following section is divided according to each of .three· classes I taught in Mexico, and these include both children and adult classes, at beginning and intermediate levels. This section ...


55 And Over: A Study Of Success For The Senior Student, Kathleen Watson Quinby Jan 1983

55 And Over: A Study Of Success For The Senior Student, Kathleen Watson Quinby

MA TESOL Collection

The following paper is a report on a class that was taught to elderly Cambodian refugees in the Philippine Refugee Processing Center in 1981. It covers the development of the class from its inception to its final party for '"graduation'". There were many hurdles for the students to overcome in their learning. The strategies that were used to aid the students in overcoming these are discussed and described. Relevant curriculum, a supportive environment in the classroom, and achievable goals are the three key elements that are noted as necessary for success in such a class.


Teaching Communicative Competence To Adult Learners: An Intensive Foreign Language Program In China, Wang Lingjun Jan 1983

Teaching Communicative Competence To Adult Learners: An Intensive Foreign Language Program In China, Wang Lingjun

MA TESOL Collection

The main purpose of this paper is to explore some feasible ways in which communicative competence can be taught at the Beijing Second Foreign Language Institute in Beijing, China. In the first part of the paper, a portrait of the institute's intensive language program, including its philosophy, a brief history and a description of the students, is provided so that the readers will have some idea why the paper is focused on communicative competence. Language is then described as a communication process involving linguistic, interactional and variational competence. The main part of this paper focuses on some innovative techniques ...


First Language (L1) Interference In Second Language (L2) Learning (Suggested Techniques And Procedures To Aid Spanish Esl Students Overcome First Language Interference), Burnis Lewis Jan 1983

First Language (L1) Interference In Second Language (L2) Learning (Suggested Techniques And Procedures To Aid Spanish Esl Students Overcome First Language Interference), Burnis Lewis

MA TESOL Collection

"First Language (L1) Interference in Second Language (L2) Learning: Suggested Techniques and Procedures to Aid Spanish Speaking ESL Students Overcome First Language Interference;" explores the evolution of the issues in the area of language interference and particularly the first language interference problems of Spanish speaking ESL students. A contrastive analysis is performed examining similarities and differences of Spanish and English. Theoretical predictions are checked out with actual Spanish speakers learning English. Finally, techniques and procedures are suggested to overcome first language interference.


Adjusting To Life In Mexico – One Couple’S Adaptation Process And Suggestions For Coping, Michael D. Krauss Jan 1983

Adjusting To Life In Mexico – One Couple’S Adaptation Process And Suggestions For Coping, Michael D. Krauss

MA TESOL Collection

In this paper I present challenges which confronted Sharon Beckett, my partner, and me as we underwent the process of adapting to life in Mexico during a three month stay. Some of the issues are unique to a couple with our respective back­ grounds, but, many are applicable to any couple or individual traveling to Mexico or other foreign countries. I discuss some guidelines and principles of interacting which proved helpful to us in Mexico and also offer some suggestions for coping to couples or individuals going abroad. The primary source of data for the paper is a daily journal ...


The Development Of Self-Confidence In A Novice Esl Teacher, Helene Phyllis Kendler Jan 1983

The Development Of Self-Confidence In A Novice Esl Teacher, Helene Phyllis Kendler

MA TESOL Collection

This is a personal paper in which I address the issue of teacher security in the classroom, specifically, the novice ESL teacher's development of self-confidence in his/her role and skill mastery. The paper is based on my second intern- ship as a teacher of English as a Second Language to Haitian refugees. The paper begins with a discussion of basic assumptions about student security and how teacher security is related to it. It goes on to discuss the process of growth of self­confidence from the first teaching internship to the second, comparing skill mastery in the specific ...


A Case Study Of A Child’S Acquisition Of Spanish As A Second Language, Jonathan Julian Jan 1983

A Case Study Of A Child’S Acquisition Of Spanish As A Second Language, Jonathan Julian

MA TESOL Collection

This paper is an individual case study of language acquisition. It is my intent to report the facts as they happened. The subject is my six-year-old stepdaughter, Gretchen, an energetic little girl who in the space of a year and a half achieved near-native proficiency in Spanish. She never attended one formal language class.

I have discovered through this study that dual cultural awareness through language allows for greater creativity within the individual and provides additional opportunity for personal growth and cognitive development. Certainly this has been true not only for the observed but for me, the observer, as well ...


Sounds Of Culture, Vera Dibov Jan 1983

Sounds Of Culture, Vera Dibov

MA TESOL Collection

This project is based on tape recordings taken from real life situations including recording different dialects, such as the Black American patois. Out of these tape recordings, a series of mini-lessons concen­trating on discussions of cultural awareness have been developed.


An Experience In Training Chinese E.S.L. Teachers In The People's Republic Of China, Albert Camhi Jan 1983

An Experience In Training Chinese E.S.L. Teachers In The People's Republic Of China, Albert Camhi

MA TESOL Collection

In this paper I have related the most important occurrences of my initial experiences in teacher training in the People's Republic of China. It deals with the problems I encountered working with the Chinese. It also treats the cross-cultural awarenesses that developed which helped me to deal with my trainees more effectively. Though the awarenesses relate specifically to Chinese culture, I think that anyone who plans to train teachers from different cultural backgrounds might gain some perspective from reading this.


Housewife's Curriculum: Survival English And Cultural Orientation For Vietnamese Housewives, Gaylord Barr Jan 1983

Housewife's Curriculum: Survival English And Cultural Orientation For Vietnamese Housewives, Gaylord Barr

MA TESOL Collection

The Housewife's Curriculum is a collection of six, self-contained, survival-level, English and cultural orientation lessons, The lessons were created for Vietnamese 'housewives' in Pulau Galang Refugee Camp, Indonesia. The topics covered in the six lessons of the Housewife's Curriculum are 1) greetings, 2) buying food, 3) buying clothing, 4) directions, 5) doctor, and 6) telephone. Included in each lesson are an introductory sheet, a teacher's outline, a teacher's guide, a vocabulary list (with a Vietnamese trans­lation), a cultural supplement (with a Vietnamese translation), a dialogue handout (with a Vietnamese translation), flip-chart models, and flashcard models,


Acquisition Of English "Wh" Questions By Native Haitian Creole Speakers: Evidence For A Rule Governed Interlanguage, Francis Marion Bailey Jan 1983

Acquisition Of English "Wh" Questions By Native Haitian Creole Speakers: Evidence For A Rule Governed Interlanguage, Francis Marion Bailey

MA TESOL Collection

The study uses the concept of Inter-language to investigate the process of language acquisition of fourteen adult Haitian Creole speakers learning English as a second language. The research is focused upon the acquisition of predicate based and embedded "lffi" questions. An analysis of the data is presented that suggests that the subjects are using two learning strategies: over generalization and simplification. There is also data patterning that indicates that the introduction of the negative into a question is a significant factor in the subjects' inter-languages. The findings from the research tend to emphasize the utility of approaching language acquisition from ...


Teacher-Training Across Cultures: A Workshop Given In The People's Republic Of China, Victoria Rose Badalamenti Jan 1983

Teacher-Training Across Cultures: A Workshop Given In The People's Republic Of China, Victoria Rose Badalamenti

MA TESOL Collection

This paper deals with a specific teacher training workshop which was given in an English for Special Purposes (ESP) Program to Chinese ESL teachers for a period of six weeks in the People's Republic of China. Both the Chinese teachers and foreign teachers worked together in language teams and provided English training to Chinese professionals who were going to go on training programs in English speaking countries. Although well-versed in ESL theory and teaching styles, the teachers lacked the ability to connect their passive knowledge of teach­ing with the reality of teaching in the classroom. This workshop aimed ...


Language Acquisition Diaries: Developing An Awareness Of Personal Learning Strategies, Abby Asher Jan 1983

Language Acquisition Diaries: Developing An Awareness Of Personal Learning Strategies, Abby Asher

MA TESOL Collection

During the summer of 1982, I led a group of Outbound students to Switzerland on a language/homestay program. Before going abroad, students underwent an intensive French course at North Adams, Massachusetts for a period of ten days. Afterwards, they spent approximately one month living with families in the French region of Switzerland.

In the course of this paper, I will describe the implementation of a project developed for these students which involved the use of Language Acquisition Diaries. The purpose of this project was to create an awareness in students of their own language learning process. Through the use ...


Implementing An Eclectic Approach To Teaching Adults In An Intensive Esl Course Based On Student-Generated Material, Marian Elizabeth Aldred Jan 1983

Implementing An Eclectic Approach To Teaching Adults In An Intensive Esl Course Based On Student-Generated Material, Marian Elizabeth Aldred

MA TESOL Collection

This paper is a study of my attempt to implement my approach to teaching in the context of my ESL internship at the Centre d'Etude de Langues in Fort.-de-France, Martinique, in the summer of 1982, It presents. the transposition of an eclectic approach to teaching from its conception to its concrete manifestations, in light of one particular feature: student generated material.


An Introduction To French Daily Life Cultural Activities For Use In The Language Classroom, Noel Gembarowski Jan 1983

An Introduction To French Daily Life Cultural Activities For Use In The Language Classroom, Noel Gembarowski

MA TESOL Collection

This project was written with the intent of demonstrating various means of introducing aspects of the French culture into the language classroom through the use of images, photos, and realia. The purpose of this project is to present cultural activities that will enable the language learner to explore the living patterns of the target language culture through observation and evaluation.


Development Of Awareness And Skills In Teaching: How I Learned Teaching Through The Internship, Ge Fengzhu Jan 1983

Development Of Awareness And Skills In Teaching: How I Learned Teaching Through The Internship, Ge Fengzhu

MA TESOL Collection

In this paper I present challenges which confronted me during the ten-week internship at the ESL program at Pine Manor College in the United States in 1983. I discussed, from my personal experience as a foreign student-teacher, issues in teaching multinational classes. Suggestions are also offered to any foreign student-teachers in dealing with situations similar to mine.


Alternatives In American Education: A Reader For Advanced Esl Students, Ellen Dussourd Jan 1983

Alternatives In American Education: A Reader For Advanced Esl Students, Ellen Dussourd

MA TESOL Collection

This reader for Advanced ESL students presents current issues in American education, specifically alternatives in the educational system. It consists of eight reading dialogues, each followed by a short glossary, suggested comprehension and discussion questions, and suggested activities, both oral and written. The dialogues present each educational alternative, together with a historical perspective, basic information on pertinent legislation and surrounding controversies.

The suggested comprehension questions (Comprehension) cover the essential points of the dialogues while the suggested discussion questions (Talk It Over) point up related issues which lend themselves to class discussion.

Following the Comprehension and Talk It Over sections are ...


Creating And Producing A Major Stage Production, Kristine Gjemre Jan 1983

Creating And Producing A Major Stage Production, Kristine Gjemre

MA TESOL Collection

This paper shows how to prepare for, create, and produce a major production. An ESOL teacher will be able to use this paper as a blueprint to put on a major dramatic production with an advanced English class.

Practice and enhancement of language skills are stressed, along with social and cultural awareness skills. The third part of the paper contains exercises, games, and techniques not only to promote the use of creative drama-· tics in the classroom, but also to suggest exercises which will prove as excellent preparations toward producing and creating a major stage production.


Authentic English For Italian Professionals, Kristin Single Hagge Jan 1983

Authentic English For Italian Professionals, Kristin Single Hagge

MA TESOL Collection

This project is an attempt to fill a need that I began to identify as soon as I began teaching in Rome, Italy. It includes an introduction to the idea of using timely authentic sources of material for teaching English to Italian professionals and contains eight lesson plans that are based on such materials. It provides a guideline for using materials which might be used in conjunction with or as an alternative to a textbook. These ideas should be of interest to all teachers of English as a foreign language.


The Process Of Lesson Planning, Ren Zhen Jan 1983

The Process Of Lesson Planning, Ren Zhen

MA TESOL Collection

This paper shows how to prepare a lesson plan for an ESL classroom. It is based on the author's personal experience as a beginning teacher. The paper presents an overview and the author's view of the process of lesson planning and discusses the factors which affect teaching. At the end of the paper, sample lesson plans are provided to further illustrate the author's idea.


From Haiti To The Esl Class: Working With Adult Haitian Esl Learners In The Us, Dona A. Vassall-Paquiot Jan 1983

From Haiti To The Esl Class: Working With Adult Haitian Esl Learners In The Us, Dona A. Vassall-Paquiot

MA TESOL Collection

This project provides the person unfamiliar with Haiti and its inhabitants with some background information on the country - politically, economically, socially. It also gives a perspective on why Haitians leave Haiti to come to the US, and the stages they must go through in order to do so. Teachers are given some insight into what to expect from their students in an ESL class, given their background and experiences. Finally, factual information is provided on Haiti - i.e. holidays, major cities, etc. - for the interest of the reader. It also serves to help the teacher make the ESL class more ...


Beyond Minimal Pairs, Erica Tesdell Jan 1983

Beyond Minimal Pairs, Erica Tesdell

MA TESOL Collection

In this paper, the author describes her experience teaching Standard American English pronunciation to speakers of other languages. She goes on to explore new ways of teaching pronunciation and explains why she thinks they can be more effective.


Recognition Of Student Input In Computer-Assisted Language Learning, Carol Chapelle, Joan Jamieson Jan 1983

Recognition Of Student Input In Computer-Assisted Language Learning, Carol Chapelle, Joan Jamieson

Carol Chapelle

Computerized instruction has captured the interest of many educators as a means of individualizing language study for their students. The quality of this individualization is maximally dependent on the degree to which a computer can understand what the student communicates to it usually by typing a message on the keyboard. This article provides an overview of this student communication, or input: its types, its recognition, and some uses of its recognition. A general understanding of the potential of student-computer interaction will enlighten those who are examining Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL) lessons for use in their curriculum. Some of this ...