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Theses/Dissertations

2011

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

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Full-Text Articles in Education

A Content Analysis Of Teacher Perceptions Of The Implementation Of Small Learning Communities At A High School, Christen Tonry Gonzalez Dec 2011

A Content Analysis Of Teacher Perceptions Of The Implementation Of Small Learning Communities At A High School, Christen Tonry Gonzalez

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Educational reform is vital to meet the educational, social, and personal needs of an ever-changing student population. Many attempts at educational reform have been made over the past century. A number of reforms were originated and directed by policy at the Federal, State and regional levels, and others were developed at the district or school level. Demands for educational change are ever-present, and the acceptance of or resistance to change continues to be a topic of discussion and focus of research.

The purpose of this study was to understand change in the implementation of small learning communities (SLCs) at a ...


A Comparative Historical Analysis Of Post-War Moral Panics And The Construction Of Youth From 1938 To 2010, Judy L. Castillo Jan 2011

A Comparative Historical Analysis Of Post-War Moral Panics And The Construction Of Youth From 1938 To 2010, Judy L. Castillo

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

For the past 50 years, various moral panics have emerged in response to concerns about children and teens. In particular, interest in entertainment appealing to youth has been the focus of social and legislative changes aimed at protecting youth from increased sexual and violent content associated with comic books, music lyrics, Internet content, and film and television.

The intent of this study is to compare the emergence and progression of moral panics related to entertainment appealing to youth, such as comic books, music lyrics, the Internet, and film and television, since 1938 to 2010 to better understand the ways we ...


A Reflective Exploration Of A Multiyear Elementary School Learning Community Experience, Susan Jean Ganley Jan 2011

A Reflective Exploration Of A Multiyear Elementary School Learning Community Experience, Susan Jean Ganley

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study reports a reflection upon the experience of a multiyear elementary school learning community designed for improved teaching and learning. The exploration uses interview data to describe the perceptions and reflections of the principal and teachers directly engaged in this project of educational reform. The goal of this process is to gain a deeper understanding of the experience and to determine to what factors the participants attribute the outcomes of this project.

Through an auto-ethnographic reflective critical practice inquiry and extended interviews, this study describes the context and environment of this learning community and how the participants reflect on ...


The Effect Of Unexpected Exercise Duration On Rating Of Perceived Exertion In An Untrained, Sedentary Population, Lisa M. Giblin Jan 2011

The Effect Of Unexpected Exercise Duration On Rating Of Perceived Exertion In An Untrained, Sedentary Population, Lisa M. Giblin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The Borg Rating of Perceived Exertion (RPE) scale is a primary tool for researchers and practitioners in exercise science to describe the intensity level subjects are experiencing when participating in exercise sessions. It has recently been suggested that RPE is not simply the direct result of interpretation of physiological changes as originally postulated, but is also influenced by affect, past experience, and time to completion, a concept coined as teleoanticipation.

The purpose of this study was to determine the role of teleoanticipation in a sedentary population, by examining the effect unexpected increases in exercise duration on rating of perceived exertion ...


Impact Of A Wellness Clinic Visit On Cardiovascular Risk Biomarkers In Employees Of A Va Medical Center, Margaret Asomaning Jan 2011

Impact Of A Wellness Clinic Visit On Cardiovascular Risk Biomarkers In Employees Of A Va Medical Center, Margaret Asomaning

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Background: Worksite screening programs are increasingly being provided by employers as a means to reduce cardiovascular risk in employees. A screening program that consists of fasting serum analysis of glucose plus a lipid panel is offered yearly to employees at the VA medical center in Tampa. A retrospective study was conducted to determine if a wellness clinic exposure resulted in significant changes in employees' markers of cardiovascular risk.

Methods: Computerized records were used to follow serial outcomes for glucose, triglycerides, HDL cholesterol, and LDL cholesterol in employees whose screening results showed abnormal levels of one or more of these markers ...


Relationships Between Educator Beliefs, Perceptions Of Educational Practices And Skills, Ps/Rti Implementation, And Educational Outcomes, Kevin Stockslager Jan 2011

Relationships Between Educator Beliefs, Perceptions Of Educational Practices And Skills, Ps/Rti Implementation, And Educational Outcomes, Kevin Stockslager

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the relationships between pilot school status and Problem-Solving/Response to Intervention (PS/RtI) implementation, educator variables and PS/RtI implementation, and PS/RtI implementation and student and systemic outcomes following the final year of a 3-year PS/RtI implementation Project. School-Based Leadership Team (SBLT) members from 34 pilot schools in seven demonstration districts received training, as well as ongoing technical assistance and coaching, related to PS/RtI implementation. Data on educator's beliefs, perceptions of educational practices, and perceptions of PS/RtI skills; PS/RtI implementation; and student and systemic outcomes were collected from the 34 pilot ...


Self-Efficacy In Music Performance: Measuring The Sources Among Secondary School Music Students, Michael S. Zelenak Jan 2011

Self-Efficacy In Music Performance: Measuring The Sources Among Secondary School Music Students, Michael S. Zelenak

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to develop a greater understanding of self-efficacy in music performance. I sought to (a) contribute to fundamental knowledge of self-efficacy in music performance, (b) determine whether scores from the Music Performance Self-Efficacy Scale (MPSES) were valid and reliable, and (c) provide insights for developing self-efficacy among secondary school music students. Participants (N = 290) were middle and high school students in band, chorus, and string orchestra ensembles from 10 schools in the southeast and western regions of the United States. Participants completed four online questionnaires: (a) Music Performance Self-Efficacy Scale, (b) Sources of Middle School ...


Geometric Transformations In Middle School Mathematics Textbooks, Barbara Zorin Jan 2011

Geometric Transformations In Middle School Mathematics Textbooks, Barbara Zorin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Abstract

This study analyzed treatment of geometric transformations in presently available middle grades (6, 7, 8) student mathematics textbooks. Fourteen textbooks from four widely used textbook series were evaluated: two mainline publisher series, Pearson (Prentice Hall) and Glencoe (Math Connects); one National Science Foundation (NSF) funded curriculum project textbook series, Connected Mathematics 2; and one non-NSF funded curriculum project, the University of Chicago School Mathematics Project (UCSMP).

A framework was developed to distinguish the characteristics in the treatment of geometric transformations and to determine the potential opportunity to learn transformation concepts as measured by textbook physical characteristics, lesson narratives, and ...


Guided By The Spirit: Understanding Student Behavior And Theological Philosophy Through The Lens Of Secondary Catholic School Teachers, Angela Marie Mucci Jan 2011

Guided By The Spirit: Understanding Student Behavior And Theological Philosophy Through The Lens Of Secondary Catholic School Teachers, Angela Marie Mucci

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine how secondary Catholic school teachers perceived problem behavior exhibited by students with or without disabilities based on their theological philosophy. Using the methods identified in grounded theory, seven secondary Catholic school teachers were interviewed to gain an understanding of the extent to which a theological philosophy was reflected in their perceptions, responses, and policies towards behavior challenges/problems. In order to conceptualize and contextualize the notion of a "theological philosophy," this study utilized three tenets of Catholic Social Teaching (dignity of the human person, common good, and preferential option for the poor ...


Managing School Behavior: A Qualitative Case Study, Pamela R. Dodge Jan 2011

Managing School Behavior: A Qualitative Case Study, Pamela R. Dodge

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this dissertation research were to understand the methods by which building-level school administrators collect office discipline referral data, and to understand the ways they make decisions based on that data. In order to achieve this overall objective, the following research questions framed this study:

1. To what extent do administrators have access to behavior data that inform their decisions on how to improve student success in school and society?

2. To what extent do administrators use behavior data to improve student success in school and in society?

3. What do administrators perceive it would take to enhance ...


Supporting Vocabulary Growth Of High School Students: An Analysis Of The Potential Of A Mobile Learning Device And Gaming App, Jennifer Redd Jan 2011

Supporting Vocabulary Growth Of High School Students: An Analysis Of The Potential Of A Mobile Learning Device And Gaming App, Jennifer Redd

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation was to explore the educational benefits of using an app on a mobile device (i.e. iPod Touch) to aid in the process of high school students' learning. The emphasis of this study explored the possibilities of learning vocabulary using a mobile device in an informal environment. Mobile devices embrace and encourage ubiquitous learning through their ease of portability and access to various activities that can allow for learning to occur. Learning theories and cognitive techniques were explored as a means of providing a mobile educational experience that is individualized, motivational, and beneficial for transfer ...


Factors That Contribute To Overall Job Satisfaction Among Faculty At A Large Public Land-Grant University In The Midwest, Trina Jo Ramirez Jan 2011

Factors That Contribute To Overall Job Satisfaction Among Faculty At A Large Public Land-Grant University In The Midwest, Trina Jo Ramirez

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Previous research studies have indicated that academic workplaces that do not acknowledge the multidimensional lives of faculty constitute an unsupportive and unwelcoming environment especially for women faculty who undertake both an academic career and motherhood. In recent years, institutions of higher education have adopted and made available to their faculty dependent care policies that extend beyond the federally mandated Family Medical Leave Act of 1993. These policies include, among others, options that allow faculty members with dependents to elect to stop the tenure clock or to modify their workload (e.g., work part time and reduce course loads and service ...


School Administrators' Perceptions And Practices Associated With The Utilization Of Ewalk During Classroom Walk-Throughs, Benjamin James Johnson Jan 2011

School Administrators' Perceptions And Practices Associated With The Utilization Of Ewalk During Classroom Walk-Throughs, Benjamin James Johnson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In the era of accountability, school administrators must not only meet the demands of merely managing a building but must also serve as the instructional leader and lead learner working to improve both the teaching and learning of the institution. Increasingly, administrators are using the supervisory practice of classroom walk-throughs as a means of formative evaluation to purposefully monitor and evaluate the intended curriculum as well as lead the learning within professional learning communities in order to assess the enacted curriculum as a means to improve student academic achievement. The classroom walk-through process can assist administrators in creating a systemic ...


Self-Authorship In Undergraduate Students In A Blended-Learning Multicultural Course, Vicki Rae Abel Jan 2011

Self-Authorship In Undergraduate Students In A Blended-Learning Multicultural Course, Vicki Rae Abel

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Self-authorships provided the theoretical lens for this exploration of a blended learning multicultural course. Universities must help students develop a complex array of capacities to function effectively in today's interconnected world. Self-authorship provides a framework to analyze student development across three domains: cognitive, intrapersonal, and interpersonal. Self-authorship development can be fostered through the use of the Learning Partnerships Model.

This qualitative study used the theory of self-authorship to analyze interactions in the online discussion portion of one section of twenty-one students in a multicultural course at a rural Midwestern university. The course used dialogic principles in a blended learning ...


Finding Rainbows In The Clouds: Learning About The Full Professorship From The Stories Of Black Female Full Professors, Natasha Nicole Croom Jan 2011

Finding Rainbows In The Clouds: Learning About The Full Professorship From The Stories Of Black Female Full Professors, Natasha Nicole Croom

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

There is little empirical research about the benefits, privileges, and experiences associated with faculty at the rank of full professor. This dissertation focused on the experiences of seven black female full professors, in various higher education programs and departments across the U.S., who successfully navigated the faculty promotion processes and attained the highest rank in the professoriate. Currently, black women comprise 1.26% of faculty at the rank of full professor nationally. Further, the number of black women at this rank in the subfields of higher education (e.g., higher education administration, student affairs, community college, adult education) is ...


Perceived District-Level Leadership Influences Upon Student Achievement, Dan Mart Jan 2011

Perceived District-Level Leadership Influences Upon Student Achievement, Dan Mart

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to understand district-level leadership's perceived influences on and barriers to improved student achievement. The following research questions were addressed: (a) How do superintendents view their influence on student achievement? (b) How do school board presidents view their influence on student achievement? (c) What do superintendents perceive are barriers to their influence on student achievement? (d) What do school board presidents perceive are barriers to their influence on student achievement?

Analysis of data this phenomenological study uncovered three themes: (1) alignment of the superintendent and board of education on student achievement goals, (2) continuous ...


Conceptualizing Latina/O Philanthropy In Higher Education: A Study Of Latina/O Undergraduate Alumni From A Predominantly White Jesuit Institution, José Angel Cabrales Jan 2011

Conceptualizing Latina/O Philanthropy In Higher Education: A Study Of Latina/O Undergraduate Alumni From A Predominantly White Jesuit Institution, José Angel Cabrales

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

There has been a growing body of research on Latina/o undergraduate students, primarily in the areas of access and retention, yet there is limited research on Latina/o baccalaureate alumni and their post-graduation institutional engagement. The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore and understand how Latina/o alumni define their roles as alumni, interact with their alma mater, and give to the institution. Using Yosso's (2005) Community Cultural Wealth model as a guiding framework for this study, four themes emerged which highlights the different ways Latina/o alumni approach giving: Latina/o alumni as university ambassadors ...


Exploring The College Experiences Of Students Adopted From South Korea, Jennifer Garrett Nissen Jan 2011

Exploring The College Experiences Of Students Adopted From South Korea, Jennifer Garrett Nissen

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This phenomenological study focused on the college experiences of students adopted from South Korea. The purpose of this qualitative study was to better understand the college experiences of Korean adoptees related to their personal development and Korean cultural awareness while at a mid-sized Midwestern university. Eleven students at a land-grant institution in the Midwestern United States participated in this study. Data were collected using the three interview structure that Seidman (2006) outlined. The first interview focused on life history, the second meeting on details of their college experience, and the final interview on the meaning made of these experiences. The ...


Business Internships And Their Relationship With Retention, Academic Performance, And Degree Completion, Robert Bruce Walker Jan 2011

Business Internships And Their Relationship With Retention, Academic Performance, And Degree Completion, Robert Bruce Walker

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to understand the relationship between internships and grade point average, retention, and persistence to degree completion for business students in a private, not-for-profit, 4-year, liberal arts baccalaureate institution. Research has indicated benefits for students and schools involved in internship programs. Student retention and persistence has become an important measure of institutional efficiency. Student involvement, as well as academic and social integration, have been linked to increased retention and degree completion. A well-structured internship should increase student involvement and academic and social integration leading to increased retention, persistence, and degree completion. This study sought to ...


Ncaa Division Iii Faculty Satisfaction With Intercollegiate Athletics, Kevin Lee Sanger Jan 2011

Ncaa Division Iii Faculty Satisfaction With Intercollegiate Athletics, Kevin Lee Sanger

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Few studies have focused on faculty perceptions of intercollegiate athletics (Cockley & Roswal, 1994). Further knowledge of faculty satisfaction with intercollegiate athletics will help lead the reform effort needed to reestablish the academic integrity that has been tarnished by the practices and behaviors of those involved in managing college athletics (Kuga, 1996).

The purpose of this study was to examine faculty satisfaction with intercollegiate athletics at 25 randomly selected NCAA Division III institutions. The unit of analysis was faculty members who responded to the Faculty Satisfaction with Intercollegiate Athletics Survey in the fall of 2010.

Approximately two thirds of the respondents ...


Real Diversity Or Just Another Mask: An Ethnomethodological Study Of Authentic Ethnicity Of African-American Community College Administrators, Albert Devon Farr Jan 2011

Real Diversity Or Just Another Mask: An Ethnomethodological Study Of Authentic Ethnicity Of African-American Community College Administrators, Albert Devon Farr

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

At the turn of the 20th century, W.E.B. DuBois theorized that African Americans, then referred to as Negroes, are forced to live a life of "double-consciousness" for survival. He asserts that navigating the thin line between the cultural expectations of White mainstream America, and being one's authentic self, creates immeasurable stress and contempt. This ethnomethodological inquiry of racial and cultural dynamics of the community college seeks to understand the intentional strategies of seven African American community college presidents and chancellors, as they balance their authentic selves and the cultural mainstream of the community and the college. This ...


Integrating A Computer-Based Flashcard Program Into Academic Vocabulary Learning, Cennet Altiner Jan 2011

Integrating A Computer-Based Flashcard Program Into Academic Vocabulary Learning, Cennet Altiner

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The main goal of this thesis is to investigate the extent to which a computer-based flashcard program, Anki, can help college-level ESL learners improve their vocabulary as well as the learners` perceptions about the program. The vocabulary targeted for the study consisted of Coxhead`s (2000) Academic Word List, including the most common words in university textbooks. An academic vocabulary dictionary which encompasses 210 academic words was designed for the study and thirteen students coming from two ESL classes used the Anki dictionary for ten minutes every day during the three week intervention process. Pretest and posttest scores of students ...


Picturing Learning: A Visual Ethnography Of Social Learning During A Short-Term Study Abroad Program, Carrie Anne Kortegast Jan 2011

Picturing Learning: A Visual Ethnography Of Social Learning During A Short-Term Study Abroad Program, Carrie Anne Kortegast

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this visual ethnography is to understand how social participation contributes to student learning during a short-term study abroad program. This project has a dual goal of exploring study abroad and exploring social learning. Using participants' photography, this study will examine the social practice of study abroad as well as the ways in which students engage in their study abroad experience. Additionally, this study frames learning and education as a sociocultural activity rather than solely an individual, cognitive process. This visual ethnography utilized three different theoretical approaches--interpretivism, critical theory, and critical postmodernism--to analyze student participation and create different ...


More Than A Window Dressing?: A Critical Race Institutional Ethnography Of A Multicultural Student Services Administrator At A Pwi, Jessica Janet Ranero Jan 2011

More Than A Window Dressing?: A Critical Race Institutional Ethnography Of A Multicultural Student Services Administrator At A Pwi, Jessica Janet Ranero

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Multicultural student services (MSS) emerged on predominantly white institutions (PWIs) as a result of student of color movements demanding equitable access, representation, and culturally relevant support systems. Over time, the goal and purpose of MSS has shifted away from its political roots and these offices are now expected to provide diversity education for all students thus limiting their ability to serve as advocates for racial equity. The purpose of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of how the policies, unwritten rules, and practices of institutions of higher education shape the work of MSS and influence the overall access ...


Teacher's Perception Of Their Principal's Leadership Style And The Effects On Student Achievement In Improving And Non-Improving Schools, Brenda Kay Hardman Jan 2011

Teacher's Perception Of Their Principal's Leadership Style And The Effects On Student Achievement In Improving And Non-Improving Schools, Brenda Kay Hardman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Teachers' perceptions of their school leaders influence student achievement in their schools. The extent of this influence is examined in this study. This quantitative study examined teachers' perceptions of the leadership style of their principals as transformational, transactional or passive-avoidant in improving and non-improving schools in relation to student achievement. The study population was a purposeful sample of 143 teachers in 16 schools in one school district. Leadership behaviors, as perceived by the teachers, were measured using the Multi-factor Leadership Questionnaire. Student achievement was measured with the Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test results for each school using three years of results ...


A Sociocultural-Theory-Based Study Of The Impact Of Mediation During Post-Observation Conferences On Language Teacher Learning, Jane Harvey Jan 2011

A Sociocultural-Theory-Based Study Of The Impact Of Mediation During Post-Observation Conferences On Language Teacher Learning, Jane Harvey

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The post-observation conference offers a potentially fecund context for promoting language teacher learning, but very little research has been conducted into how this actually happens. Taking Vygotskian sociocultural theory as its theoretical framework, this study examined the mediational discourse of a series of post-observation conferences between a mentor and two practicing English language teachers to investigate the nature of the discourse and the relationship between the mediational discourse and the language teachers` learning. Features of mediational discourse identified a priori (such as intersubjectivity, graduated and contingent help, and externalization of reasoning) were present in the data, but were found to ...


Investigating The Role Of The Internet In Women And Minority Stem Participation: A Case Study Of Two Florida Engineering Programs, Arland Nguema Ndong Jan 2011

Investigating The Role Of The Internet In Women And Minority Stem Participation: A Case Study Of Two Florida Engineering Programs, Arland Nguema Ndong

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Despite our awareness of the fascination modern humans have with the Internet, little is known about how and why colleges and universities create and maintain Websites. At the most general level, in this case study, I hypothesize that university Websites serve as communication and marketing tools in attracting students. At the most specific level, I postulate that civil engineering programs with Web pages depicting images of women and minorities would be more successful in recruiting and retaining women and students of color than civil engineering programs with Web pages displaying fewer or no images of women and minorities. The primary ...


To See And Be Seen: Exploring Layers Of Instructional Leadership And Supervision In The Enactment Of A District-Wide Teacher Evaluation Reform, Jenifer E. Neale Jan 2011

To See And Be Seen: Exploring Layers Of Instructional Leadership And Supervision In The Enactment Of A District-Wide Teacher Evaluation Reform, Jenifer E. Neale

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation analyzes instructional leadership and evaluation protocols from a large, diverse district in the Southeastern United States in order to investigate layers of accountability and tensions created when principals are asked to fill the dual roles of both instructional leader and supervisor in a newly implemented teacher evaluation system reform. For this dissertation I investigate the role of the principal as a colleague and mentor and compare this with the role of the principal as supervisor and evaluator in hierarchical systems. I include the role of the peer evaluator, a new position, in my analysis. Critical discourse analysis is ...


Crystal Engineering Of Molecular And Ionic Cocrystals, Tien Teng Ong Jan 2011

Crystal Engineering Of Molecular And Ionic Cocrystals, Tien Teng Ong

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Solubility enhancement of poorly-soluble active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) remains a scientific challenge and poses a practical issue in the pharmaceutical industry. The emergence of pharmaceutical cocrystals has contributed another dimension to the diversity of crystal forms available at the disposal of the pharmaceutical scientist. That pharmaceutical cocrystals are amenable to the design principles of crystal engineering means that the number of crystal forms offered by pharmaceutical cocrystals is potentially greater than the combined numbers of polymorphs, salts, solvates and hydrates for an API. The current spotlight and early-onset dissolution profile ("spring-and-parachute" effect) exhibited by certain pharmaceutical cocrystals draw attention to ...


Meta-Analysis Of Single-Case Data: A Monte Carlo Investigation Of A Three Level Model, Corina M. Owens Jan 2011

Meta-Analysis Of Single-Case Data: A Monte Carlo Investigation Of A Three Level Model, Corina M. Owens

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Numerous ways to meta-analyze single-case data have been proposed in the literature, however, consensus on the most appropriate method has not been reached. One method that has been proposed involves multilevel modeling. This study used Monte Carlo methods to examine the appropriateness of Van den Noortgate and Onghena's (2008) raw data multilevel modeling approach to the meta-analysis of single-case data. Specifically, the study examined the fixed effects (i.e., the overall average baseline level and the overall average treatment effect) and the variance components (e.g., the between person within study variance in the average baseline level, the between ...