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Full-Text Articles in Education

An Evaluation Study Of The Curriculum And Instructional Approaches Employed In The Norfolk Public Schools Gifted Program, Katie A. Dolph Jan 2009

An Evaluation Study Of The Curriculum And Instructional Approaches Employed In The Norfolk Public Schools Gifted Program, Katie A. Dolph

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine the degree to which the Norfolk Public Schools, Virginia, district elementary gifted grouping model was aligned with the National Association for Gifted Children Standards and its Local Plan for the Education of Gifted Students in regards to curriculum and instruction, as well as to provide data on classroom instruction techniques and the curriculum currently being used to provide gifted education services in the district.;The evaluation questions were (1) to what degree has the eighth recommendation of the 2005-06 evaluation study been implemented in the Norfolk Public Schools (NPS) district in regards ...


An Examination Of The Relationships Between Ego Development, Dabrowski's Theory Of Positive Disintegration, And The Behavioral Characteristics Of Gifted Adolescents, Carrie Lynn Bailey Jan 2009

An Examination Of The Relationships Between Ego Development, Dabrowski's Theory Of Positive Disintegration, And The Behavioral Characteristics Of Gifted Adolescents, Carrie Lynn Bailey

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships between ego development, Dabrowski's theory of positive disintegration (TPD), and the social, emotional, and behavioral characteristics of gifted adolescents. Literature exploring the experiences of gifted individuals has often focused on asynchronous development, particularly during childhood and adolescence. Also discussed in the literature concerning gifted students are the unique social, emotional, and behavioral characteristics innate to the gifted population. However, there is still an unclear picture concerning the implications of this work as related to the specific counseling needs of gifted students, and little empirical support is provided. This study ...


An Intervention Study Of Primary Age Gifted Students With Strong Nonverbal Abilities From Low Income And Culturally Diverse Backgrounds, Joanne Russillo Funk Jan 2009

An Intervention Study Of Primary Age Gifted Students With Strong Nonverbal Abilities From Low Income And Culturally Diverse Backgrounds, Joanne Russillo Funk

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The prevalence of high nonverbal reasoning strength among children from low income, culturally diverse backgrounds challenges the education community to provide effective instruction for these students (Briggs et al., 2008; Koshy & Robinson, 2006; Olszewski-Kubilius, 2007; Robinson et al., 1997; VanTassel-Baska, 2003b; VanTassel-Baska, Feng, & Evans, 2007). Research on the well-being and progress of young gifted students confirms that stimulating material resources, association with intellectual peers, and formal educational interventions designed to optimize students' strengths improves the educational outlook for these students (Bittker, 1991; Campbell et al., 2001; Clasen, 2006; Corno et al., 2002; Morelock & Morrison, 1999; Ramey & Ramey, 2004; Robinson et al., 1997; Sarouphim, 1999; VanTassel-Baska, 2006; VanTassel-Baska et al., 2002; VanTassel-Baska, 2007). In this study, a Vygotskian perspective provided the framework for an instructional intervention (Vygotsky 1978 version, 1986 version, 1994 version). Consistent with the perspective, the intervention included intellectual scaffolding to support conscious thought ...


Effective School -Wide Discipline Through Positive Behavior Supports: An Analysis Of Current Practice, Dawn H. Padden Jan 2009

Effective School -Wide Discipline Through Positive Behavior Supports: An Analysis Of Current Practice, Dawn H. Padden

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine the implementation status of School-wide Positive Behavior Supports (SWPBS) in selected elementary and middle schools (N = 123) situated within three regions of Virginia. Additionally this study sought to identify and determine the relative impact of specific facilitators and barriers to successful implementation. Finally, this study identified the types of professional development opportunities related to SWPBS available to school personnel. In order to answer each overarching research question, participants were asked to complete the School-wide Positive Behavior Support Systems Implementation Survey, a validated instrument, adapted from the Delaware PBS Implementation Self Assessment. Findings ...


Hurricane Katrina Families: Social Class And The Family In Trauma Recovery, Emilie E. Godwin Jan 2009

Hurricane Katrina Families: Social Class And The Family In Trauma Recovery, Emilie E. Godwin

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Hurricane Katrina has profoundly altered the lives of New Orleans residents as they continue three years following the storm to attempt to rebuild their community and their lives. Natural disaster literature has historically focused on the impacts on individuals and correlating variables. Significant literature gaps exist regarding family systems and disaster and analysis of the relationship of social class to recovery. This qualitative investigation situated in an emancipatory paradigm investigated the relationship between social class and family changes for seven Katrina families self-identified as members of marginalized social classes. Study conclusions reveal significant shifts in family identities and a strong ...


Is Empathy The Missing Link In Teaching Business Ethics? A Course-Based Educational Intervention With Undergraduate Business Students, Christopher P. Adkins Jan 2009

Is Empathy The Missing Link In Teaching Business Ethics? A Course-Based Educational Intervention With Undergraduate Business Students, Christopher P. Adkins

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Past approaches to teaching ethics have been rooted primarily within the cognitive developmental tradition, with the focus on developing moral reasoning. Recent studies in cognitive neuroscience and social psychology have challenged this emphasis, highlighting the primacy of the emotion in driving moral decision-making. This study proposed that empathy may be an appropriate construct for integrating both processes, and that an moral education intervention that focused on empathetic perspective-taking based on Martin Hoffman's work may prove effective in both advancing moral reasoning and empathy. This approach was applied using a quasi-experimental design with undergraduate business students (N = 181) within a ...


Recipe For Citizenship: Professionalization And Power In World War I Dietetics, Kathleen Marie Scott Jan 2009

Recipe For Citizenship: Professionalization And Power In World War I Dietetics, Kathleen Marie Scott

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation is an analysis of the professionalization tactics of white, native-born, Protestant, middle-class women who served with the U.S. armed forces as dietitians during World War I. Through the overlapping rubrics of maternalism, citizenship, and professionalism, I examine the ways in which dominant race, class, and gender ideologies inflected their quest for professionalization. I specifically examine the way hospital dietitians infused their expertise with rhetoric of race betterment and national security to acquire distinct status and authority in relation to other female medical/health practitioners. In this study, I locate the ideological origins of Public Law 36, 80 ...


Self -Efficacy Beliefs Of Elementary General Education Teachers In Inclusive Classrooms And The Role Of Professional Development, Sheila S. Ashley Jan 2009

Self -Efficacy Beliefs Of Elementary General Education Teachers In Inclusive Classrooms And The Role Of Professional Development, Sheila S. Ashley

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

In an effort to provide greater access and progress in the general education curriculum and higher levels of standards proficiency for students with disabilities, school districts across the nation have substantially increased placements in inclusive classroom settings. This thrust has significantly challenged and frustrated general educators due to their perceptions of incompetence related to meeting the needs of students with disabilities in the absence of appropriate training and support.;This study used mixed-methods research to explore differences in general educators' self-efficacy beliefs based on IEP-identified students' learning or behavioral challenges; variation in classroom practice between high and low self-efficacy teachers ...


The Impact Of Organizational Culture On The Academic Success Of Historically Black College And University Athletes: A Case Study, Ralph Charlton Jan 2009

The Impact Of Organizational Culture On The Academic Success Of Historically Black College And University Athletes: A Case Study, Ralph Charlton

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Increasing the graduation rates of student athletes is one of the more visible NCAA academic goals. Overall student-athlete graduation rates have improved significantly among many institutional members. However, Historically Black College and University (HBCU) student-athlete graduation rates lag considerably behind. Although the NCAA claims that a causal relationship exists between lack of economic resources and lower student-athlete graduation rate for HBCUs, analysis within Division I HBCUs indicates no relationship between per student academic spending and the student-athlete graduation rates. Seeking an additional explanation for graduation rates, this case study examined the organizational culture of an HBCU athletic department with an ...


The Power Of African American Parent Perceptions On Student Achievement, Melody Luretha Camm Jan 2009

The Power Of African American Parent Perceptions On Student Achievement, Melody Luretha Camm

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

With the implementation of No Child Left Behind, schools have been challenged to maintain Annual Yearly Progress (AYP) for low achieving subpopulations. Current research supported by historical data suggests that African American parent involvement could possibly be the missing link to African American student achievement. This study explores the possible connection between African American parent perceptions of their school involvement and student achievement. It surveyed 738 fourth grade parents from five Title I and five Non-Title I schools to see if there was a significant difference between the parent involvement perceptions of African American Parents and Non-African American Parents, as ...


The Relationship Between Thinking Style Differences And Career Choice For High-Achieving High School Students, Mihyeon Kim Jan 2009

The Relationship Between Thinking Style Differences And Career Choice For High-Achieving High School Students, Mihyeon Kim

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The intent of this study was to study high achieving students' career decision-making associated with thinking styles and to examine factors influencing career choices. A causal-comparative research design and correlational research design were used, with a sample of 209 high school students. Data were gathered from two International Baccalaureate (TB) programs and a Governor's School Program. Students responded to two types of questionnaire---the Thinking Style Inventory, and A Questionnaire Related to Career Choices and Students' Sensitivity toward Environmental Forces.;The findings of this study demonstrated that the effect of program on different thinking styles was significant (p < .05), and the effect of gender on different thinking styles was significant ( p < .01). Also, the findings showed that an external thinking style was a good predictor for choosing the social science area for future careers. However, students with a higher external thinking style chose computer and math areas 73% less than students with lower external thinking style. Also, the findings of the study demonstrated that students' passion for a specific subject and family environment were also important factors influencing career choices of high achieving high school students.;The study suggested the importance of taking thinking styles into consideration for the career development of high-achieving adolescents. In addition, the environmental influences of parents, family, and schools are also important considerations for students' career development, along with students' inherent interest in a subject. Therefore, parents, teachers, and guidance counselors should recognize their own critical roles in shaping students' career development.


Promoting Moral Reasoning And Ego Development Through The Use Of Deliberate Psychological Education In Family Counseling, Esther Benoit Jan 2009

Promoting Moral Reasoning And Ego Development Through The Use Of Deliberate Psychological Education In Family Counseling, Esther Benoit

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Families come to therapy wanting to know how to raise good citizens and address issues of justice and fairness in the context of their interpersonal relationships. Research literature suggests that the family may be the best context for moral learning. The implications of deliberately promoted developmental growth within the context of a family therapy intervention are explored. Specifically, the relationships between moral reasoning, ego development and relational functioning in family therapy are examined within a systems-based therapeutic approach.;Outcome research in family therapy suggests that there is at least a moderate positive effect of family therapy. This study examines the ...


The Mandate For Social Justice Advocacy In Counselor Education: Using Service Learning To Train Masters' Students As Social Justice Advocates, Kristi-Anne Lee Wyatt Jan 2009

The Mandate For Social Justice Advocacy In Counselor Education: Using Service Learning To Train Masters' Students As Social Justice Advocates, Kristi-Anne Lee Wyatt

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Talent Process Of Successful Academic Women Scientists At Elite Research Universities In New York State, Lisa M. Kaenzig Jan 2009

The Talent Process Of Successful Academic Women Scientists At Elite Research Universities In New York State, Lisa M. Kaenzig

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Academic Optimism And Community Engagement In Urban Elementary Schools, Misty M. Kirby Jan 2009

Academic Optimism And Community Engagement In Urban Elementary Schools, Misty M. Kirby

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Enhancing Counselor Empathy To Promote Moral Development And Conceptual Complexity: A New Model For Counselor Preparation And Supervision, Patricia Adele Logan Jan 2009

Enhancing Counselor Empathy To Promote Moral Development And Conceptual Complexity: A New Model For Counselor Preparation And Supervision, Patricia Adele Logan

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Looking At/Looking Through: Teachers Planning For Curriculum -Based Learning With Technology, Karen Work Richardson Jan 2009

Looking At/Looking Through: Teachers Planning For Curriculum -Based Learning With Technology, Karen Work Richardson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Predicting Success: Academic Potential And Talent Development Factors Among Black And White Students, Valija Cynthia Rose Jan 2009

Predicting Success: Academic Potential And Talent Development Factors Among Black And White Students, Valija Cynthia Rose

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Relationship Between Cultural/Ethnic Identity And Individual Protective Factors Of Academic Resilience, Dale E. Weaver Jan 2009

The Relationship Between Cultural/Ethnic Identity And Individual Protective Factors Of Academic Resilience, Dale E. Weaver

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


A Comparative Study Of The Course Taking And Performance Patterns Of High Achieving Secondary Students, Dewelynn Joyce Heeb Selberg Jan 2009

A Comparative Study Of The Course Taking And Performance Patterns Of High Achieving Secondary Students, Dewelynn Joyce Heeb Selberg

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Part one of this study relied on archival data of an urban public high school to explain and compare the Advanced Placement (AP) and International Baccalaureate (IB) course taking patterns and program exam performance of high school students who had participated in the district's program for gifted learners, the Extended Learning Program (ELP), when in grades 4-8, with those that did not.;Adapting Gagne's (2003, 2004) Differentiated Model of Giftedness and Talent (DMTG) as a conceptual framework, part two of this study examined the intrapersonal and environmental catalysts affecting the talent development process as perceived by seniors, enrolled ...


"--All United Like Sisters--": Education, Friendship, And The Bonds Of Womanhood At Litchfield Female Academy, 1782--1833, Amy E. Whelan Jan 2009

"--All United Like Sisters--": Education, Friendship, And The Bonds Of Womanhood At Litchfield Female Academy, 1782--1833, Amy E. Whelan

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Organizational Citizenship Behaviors, Collective Teacher Efficacy, And Student Achievement In Elementary Schools, Jeffrey C. Jackson Jan 2009

Organizational Citizenship Behaviors, Collective Teacher Efficacy, And Student Achievement In Elementary Schools, Jeffrey C. Jackson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study sought to examine relationship between teacher organizational citizenship behaviors (OCB), collective teacher efficacy (CTE), and student achievement in urban elementary schools. A convenience sample of 1,327 teachers from 35 elementary schools from a single urban school district completed surveys designed to measure OCB and CTE. Student achievement data were based on performance on the Virginia Standards of Learning exams for grade 3 and 5 mathematics and reading.;Pearson correlation statistics revealed a significant positive relationship between OCB and CTE. Significant positive relationships were found between OCB and student achievement scores in grade 3 mathematics, grade 5 mathematics ...


Situatedness: The Interrelation Of Factors Impacting The Educational Pathway To Degree Attainment Among Black And White Doctoral Students, Candice P. Baldwin Jan 2009

Situatedness: The Interrelation Of Factors Impacting The Educational Pathway To Degree Attainment Among Black And White Doctoral Students, Candice P. Baldwin

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Given the absence of a comprehensive theory of doctoral student persistence within the current literature base, the purpose of this study was to propose and test a model that would predict doctoral degree completion using an integrated scheme of background, financial support, and experience variables between Black and White students. The impact and interaction of these variables was explored individually and collectively to describe a concept defined as situatedness. The situatedness model illustrates that a student's background is related to the financial support they receive in doctoral programs; in turn, these factors are connected to a student's departmental ...


A Study Of The Talent Development Of Gifted Individuals With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Diann Gully Jan 2009

A Study Of The Talent Development Of Gifted Individuals With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Diann Gully

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.