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Full-Text Articles in Education

Overrepresentation Of Minority Students Enrolled In Special Education, Katie Bower Dec 2009

Overrepresentation Of Minority Students Enrolled In Special Education, Katie Bower

Education Masters

As studied in recent years, there is a growing number of minority students who are enrolled in special education around the country. In many schools, the percentage of minority students in special education compared to the total number of minority students is surprisingly high. The purpose of this study was to determine if this was true for schools in the Rochester, New York region. As a teacher, I wanted to learn more about why the high percentage of minority students in special education existed so that I can better serve the students that I work with. If we know why ...


An Examination Of Entrepreneurial Activity In Independent Colleges And Universities In New York State: A Presidential View Of Entrepreneurial Leadership, Gary M. Smith Dec 2009

An Examination Of Entrepreneurial Activity In Independent Colleges And Universities In New York State: A Presidential View Of Entrepreneurial Leadership, Gary M. Smith

Education Doctoral

This research study is an examination of entrepreneurial leadership and activity in independent colleges and universities in New York State. Many higher education institutions are facing serious financial challenges. Competition for enrollment and donations combined with price competition, increasing costs, student consumerism, and changing demographics are all factors that challenge the financial viability of independent colleges and universities. There is increasing pressure on the leadership of these institutions to find new sources of revenue to meet these financial challenges. The purpose of the study was to examine the relationships between and among the selfperceived entrepreneurial orientation of presidents and other ...


Don't Count Them Out: Transitioning Adolescents' Perceptions Of Issues Impacting Learning In Middle School, Concetta Lucchese Dec 2009

Don't Count Them Out: Transitioning Adolescents' Perceptions Of Issues Impacting Learning In Middle School, Concetta Lucchese

Education Doctoral

The transition from elementary to middle school presents adolescents with challenges that deter them from becoming learning-focused students. In urban settings, transitioning students are often confronted with issues as they enter middle school and attempt to acclimatize to the new environment. This study explored first-hand experiences of transitioning urban middle school seventh graders at the completion of their first year in a middle school setting. The purpose of the study was to describe students' perceptions of the issues negatively impacting their ability to focus on learning. This phenomenological research study was conducted primarily using pre-existing data from seventh grade test ...


Toward An Understanding Of The Effect Of Relational Demographics On Buyer Trust And Distrust In Technical Market Relationships: Grounded Theory Approach, David G. Long Aug 2009

Toward An Understanding Of The Effect Of Relational Demographics On Buyer Trust And Distrust In Technical Market Relationships: Grounded Theory Approach, David G. Long

Education Doctoral

Trust is at the heart of most human relationships, and for certain, at the heart of most long-term business relationships. The subject of hundreds of studies, books and papers , there is a universal yearning for the knowledge of how trust is gained, nurtured and protected. This study focuses on how trust in buyer-seller relationships may be affected by relational demographics – that is, how people appear to each other in terms of race, age and gender. In the United States, over $16 billion is spent annually on goods and services in the wastewater treatment market. How relational demographics influence the buyer ...


Examining Alumni Perceptions Of Care From High School Teachers As A Source Of Student Social Capital, Ryan P. Pacatte Aug 2009

Examining Alumni Perceptions Of Care From High School Teachers As A Source Of Student Social Capital, Ryan P. Pacatte

Education Doctoral

This study combined the literatures of social capital and care. Specifically, the study surveyed alumni perceptions of care from their high school teachers as a measure of teacher-based social capital. In contrast with previous literature that examined care as teacher-based social capital measuring from the teacher perspective, this is the first study to measure care as teacher-based social capital from the perspective of the former student. The study used an established instrument, Teven and McCroskey's (1999) Source Credibility Instrument, in an on-line format to measure perceptions of care from former teachers as the independent variable. The research survey collected ...


An Investigation Of After School Supports: An After-School Program And Its Impact On African American Males Aged 5-13, Leonard M. Brock Aug 2009

An Investigation Of After School Supports: An After-School Program And Its Impact On African American Males Aged 5-13, Leonard M. Brock

Education Doctoral

Evidence indicates that after-school programs are beneficial to children in the elementary school years, especially when they target more than just problem behaviors, but also focus on a wide range of positive developmental outcomes such as critical tihink.ing, self-awareness and self-confidence (Catalano et al., 2002). The most effective programs (a) target problem prevention and competency promotion simultaneously, (b) are well integrated into the school or community context (Weissberg & O' Brien, 2004), and (c) focus on social and emotional development (Catalano et al., 2002; Elias et al., 1997). The present study examined the effects of participation in a community-based after-school program for a sample of elementary school-aged African American males. This study was a mixed-method ...


A Study Of Self-Efficacy Of Educational Professionals In Managing Classroom Behavior And Their Readiness For Differentiating Discipline, Donna Riter Aug 2009

A Study Of Self-Efficacy Of Educational Professionals In Managing Classroom Behavior And Their Readiness For Differentiating Discipline, Donna Riter

Education Doctoral

Keeping children behaviorally appropriate and in their classrooms has become increasingly challenging for today's educational professionals where there is less tolerance for classroom disruption, greater expectation of performance and higher paced learning formats. These professionals face even greater dilemmas if they enter the classroom without confidence that the skills they have will be the right fit for managing students who struggle behaviorally. A Likert scale survey was used for this quantitative study to assess perceived beliefs of educational professionals concerning self-efficacy in managing classroom behavior, and their readiness (ability and willingness) to differentiate approaches to behavior intervention in order ...


The Influence Of Positional Leadership On Second-Year Male Satisfaction And Retention, Jennifer Lynn Furner Aug 2009

The Influence Of Positional Leadership On Second-Year Male Satisfaction And Retention, Jennifer Lynn Furner

Education Doctoral

The purpose of this study was to examine the influence positional leadership has on satisfaction and retention of second-year students, especially males. To accomplish this, the researcher conducted a mixed-methods study utilizing an online administration of the Student Leadership and Satisfaction Survey (Appendix B) and the completion of focus groups with second-year male positional leaders at Cazenovia College (CAZ), Hobart and William Smith Colleges (HWS), and Keuka College (KC). This study showed significant relationships between many of the variables within the study, resulting in an understanding that overall satisfaction influenced retention, but that being involved in campus memberships or exercising ...


Establishment Of Standards Of Practice At The Monroe Regional Information Center, Amy S. Perry-Delcorvo Aug 2009

Establishment Of Standards Of Practice At The Monroe Regional Information Center, Amy S. Perry-Delcorvo

Education Doctoral

The Monroe Regional Information Center (RIC) is part of an education service agency that provides technology support for instructional and administrative technology services. The Monroe RIC services 19 component public school districts in Monroe County, NY. Various administrative and instructional services are offered through the RIC. The problem statement is the 19 component districts of the Monroe I and Monroe 2 BOCES have stated significant concerns regarding the leadership, communication, cost and equity of Monroe RIC services (Rockefeller Institute, 2005). The purpose of the research study was to examine the RIC through the eyes of three stakeholder groups: Component District ...


Involvement Of Coaches In The Campus Judicial Process: Perceptions Of Judicial Affairs Administrators And Athletic Coaches, Tracy Mcfarland Aug 2009

Involvement Of Coaches In The Campus Judicial Process: Perceptions Of Judicial Affairs Administrators And Athletic Coaches, Tracy Mcfarland

Education Doctoral

High rates of binge drinking among college athletes are particularly troubling to campus administrators because drinking results in greater harms and increased disciplinary outcomes for athletes and because others in the campus community often experience secondhand effects as a result of athletes' binge drinking. The level of trust in the coach-athlete relationship makes athletic coach involvement in the campus judicial process a viable approach to reduce the binge drinking rates of athletes and the associated harms and disciplinary outcomes that they experience. This study explored the perceptions of athletic coaches and judicial affairs administrators regarding coach involvement in the campus ...


An Efficacy Study Of School Based Social Interventions Administered To Students With Autism, Carmine Peluso Aug 2009

An Efficacy Study Of School Based Social Interventions Administered To Students With Autism, Carmine Peluso

Education Doctoral

In an effort to comply with the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act 2000 (IDEA, 2004), schools are moving toward full inclusion in classrooms to offer students with disabilities the least restrictive environment. This has led to an influx of students on the spectrum of autism in general education classrooms at the middle school level. Students on the spectrum of autism are receiving social interventions as indicated on their Individualized Education Plan. There has been no use of consistent measures to establish if social interventions are effective and generalizable. A study consisting of 7 middle school students in a suburban school ...


A Study Of The Impact Of High School Physical Education Curriculum Choices On Health-Related Fitness Indicators And Motivation For Physical Activity, Beverly J. Ziegler Aug 2009

A Study Of The Impact Of High School Physical Education Curriculum Choices On Health-Related Fitness Indicators And Motivation For Physical Activity, Beverly J. Ziegler

Education Doctoral

Lack of physical activity and poor nutrition are factors that contribute to the obesity epidemic. Promotion and support of meaningful quality physical education experiences may be an appropriate focus to improve the health, fitness and wellness of students. The purpose of the research study is to determine if there is an impact in students in grades eleven and twelve physical education who receive choice vs. no choice on their health related fitness indicators and their motivation for physical activity. The research is grounded int eh Self-Determination Theory (SDT) of human motivation to determine if the social contexts (climate) in physical ...


An Examination Of Student Achievement In English Language Arts Through The Use Of Predictive Assessments, Standardized Testing, And Academic Interventions, Bridgitte B. Griffin Aug 2009

An Examination Of Student Achievement In English Language Arts Through The Use Of Predictive Assessments, Standardized Testing, And Academic Interventions, Bridgitte B. Griffin

Education Doctoral

The purpose of this study is to examine student achievement in middle school English Language Arts (ELA) through the use of predictive assessments, standard testing, and academic interventions. The researcher determined whether and how teachers at the Benford Middle School use the ThinkLink assessment results to change their instructional practices for students who have scored at levels one and two on the NYS assessment, scores that indicate these students are not proficient in reading at their grade level. Furthermore, the researcher identified teachers' perceptions about the usefulness of the Discovery Education ThinkLink Series. Specifically, the following research questions have guided ...


Does Participation In A School Choice Program Impact Student Achievement And Attendance?, Joseph C. Capezzuto Aug 2009

Does Participation In A School Choice Program Impact Student Achievement And Attendance?, Joseph C. Capezzuto

Education Doctoral

Quantitative statistical methods are used to address two research questions about the connection between participation in a school choice program and students' attendance and achievement. These questions are of interest to large urban districts which use expensive school choice plans to desegregate on racial and ethnic or on socioeconomic descriptors of students, in the hope that the resulting voluntary desegregation will benefit student attendance and then achievement. Participants in the kindergarten Schools of Choice plan in the Rochester City School District in the second year of the plan' s implementation, who used the plan to choose a school away from ...


Identifying, Diagnosing, And Interventions For Children With Autism, Amy Campbell May 2009

Identifying, Diagnosing, And Interventions For Children With Autism, Amy Campbell

Education Masters

The purpose of this literature review is to inform the reader about identifying, the diagnosis, and interventions for children with autism. It explains the research that is written about the exact criteria necessary to diagnose a child with autism and what symptoms a family member, educator, or any other person would need to identify if the child may have autism. The literature also goes into detail about what interventions work best with children who have autism. It shows what evidence is written in recent research and also how efficient each intervention is. I handed a questionnaire out to seven autism ...


Applied Behavior Analysis And Autism-Spectrum Disorders, Stephanie Kacurovski May 2009

Applied Behavior Analysis And Autism-Spectrum Disorders, Stephanie Kacurovski

Education Masters

The purpose of my research was to inform others about the facts of applied behavior analysis. Before researching ABA, I had a basic understanding, or I should say misunderstanding, of the use and practice of this treatment. Unfortunately, the mis-practice of ABA contributes to many myths about the treatment. Throughout this paper, the reader should have developed an understanding of applied behavior analysis and how it is used to treat those with ASD.


Ten Effective Teaching Practices For Students With Asperger's Syndrome, Kristen Zeppetella May 2009

Ten Effective Teaching Practices For Students With Asperger's Syndrome, Kristen Zeppetella

Education Masters

Research was conducted to determine what strategies were most effective for teaching students with Asperger’s Syndrome. After reviewing the literature ten strategies were chosen because they came up the most often. These ten strategies were researched in detail and were found to be the most effective when teaching students with Asperger’s Syndrome. A study was then conducted to determine if teachers were actually using the strategies recommended by the literature. The results of the study found that the participants did use a variety of the ten teaching strategies found to be most effective in the research.


Response To Intervention, David Moore May 2009

Response To Intervention, David Moore

Education Masters

In this literature review I looked at the vast literature on Response to Intervention (RTI). I focused on literature about Response to Intervention in regards to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) 2004, how Response to Intervention works as an academic model, and what a culturally responsive RTI program would look like. My research looked at a three tiered system of intervention that was in place in an elementary school for the 4th and 5th grade students for the 2007-2008 academic school year. I tracked student progress on reading levels using the Degree of Reading Assessment 2 throughout the ...


Do Students With Disabilities Successfully Transition Into The Work Force Or Postsecondary Education?, Kathleen M. Philbin May 2009

Do Students With Disabilities Successfully Transition Into The Work Force Or Postsecondary Education?, Kathleen M. Philbin

Education Masters

This research focuses on students with disabilities and their transition and career planning for postsecondary life. The United States federal government has put into law, regulations and guidelines for children with disabilities. The Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA) requires states and school districts to have a transition plan in place for all students with disabilities. The transition plan should prepare students for further education, employment, and independent living. Transition plans need to take into account the individual student’s interest and abilities. Educators are in agreement that children with disabilities need to have a transition plan. Educators often have different ...


Respect In Inner City Schools, Nicole Baccanti May 2009

Respect In Inner City Schools, Nicole Baccanti

Education Masters

This capstone focuses on respect within schools in the inner city. The literature review focused on emotional behavioral disorders and poverty, mainly whether or not the two are linked together. To find the presence of respect in the inner city schools, teachers and students were asked fill out a questionnaire giving their opinions on what respect is, giving and receiving of respect and whether or not respect is given at home. Ultimately, it was proven that the definition of respect between teachers and students is very different, thus resulting in a conflict that plays out in the classroom.


Intensity Of Applied Behavioral Analysis Across Grade Levels, Brenna Murphy May 2009

Intensity Of Applied Behavioral Analysis Across Grade Levels, Brenna Murphy

Education Masters

Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA) is a method used to teach children with autism. Because there are many components to this methodology, it is important to know the approaches linked with ABA. There are many factors to ABA which are important to know in order to apply ABA to a student that many parents and professionals do not full y understand. ABA is also a program which can be conducted at home or at school, and it is important to know the benefits of each.


A Framework For Understanding Participation Among African American Adolescents In The Rochester Step-Off Program: A Foundation For Evidence-Based Strategies To Improve Participation, Roderick L. Jones May 2009

A Framework For Understanding Participation Among African American Adolescents In The Rochester Step-Off Program: A Foundation For Evidence-Based Strategies To Improve Participation, Roderick L. Jones

Education Doctoral

Out-of-school time programs (OST programs) are effective at improving social-emotional development and academic performance. Much of the literature on out-of school time programs supports the relationship between levels of impact and participation (Durlak & Weissberg, 2007; Lauer, Akiba, Wilkerson, Apthorp, Snow, & Martin-Glenn, 2006). Research suggests that low-income African Americans benefit from out-of school time programs. However, they are less likely to participate than their White and more affluent counterparts (Simpkins, 2003). This study sought to develop a framework for understanding participation among African American adolescents in the Rochester Step-Off Program (RSO) using the Communities That Care Youth Survey. The study sample was 105 ...


Workplace Preferences And Expectations Of Generation Y, Victoria Larysz Apr 2009

Workplace Preferences And Expectations Of Generation Y, Victoria Larysz

Education Masters

This quantitative and qualitative study investigates the workplace preferences and expectations of Generation Y as compared to those of Generation X, the Baby Boom Generation, and the Veteran Generation. The study also aims to confirm or refute some of the common stereotypes outstanding about Generation Y. This research includes a review of current relevant literature, along with a survey including original questions and Kovach’s (1987) job reward factors.


Self-Harm And Self-Injurious Behaviors In Female Adolescents: A Silent Epidemic, A Review In Literature, Tess Dancause Apr 2009

Self-Harm And Self-Injurious Behaviors In Female Adolescents: A Silent Epidemic, A Review In Literature, Tess Dancause

Education Masters

Self-harm and self-injurious behavior is a widespread problem among female adolescents. Self-injurious behaviors are a dangerous coping strategy used by many female adolescents who lack in the primary needs for managing feelings and coping mechanisms. Although several of these adolescents share an association with diagnoses of traumatic childhood experiences, major depression, alcohol/drug use/abuse, and/or other recognized mental illnesses, the act of self-harm or self-injurious behaviors is not recognized as an isolated mental disorder by the 4th Edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Thus, self-harm or self-injurious behaviors continue to remain a problem that ...


Concept Maps In The Science Classroom, Paul T. Lubberts Apr 2009

Concept Maps In The Science Classroom, Paul T. Lubberts

Mathematical and Computing Sciences Masters

Science curriculums are often contain concepts and vocabulary that students are expected to memorize through reading and listening to lectures. Unfortunately rote learning is often short term without a complete understanding. Concept maps are designed to use a cognitive structure of hierarchical organization with more general concepts occupying higher levels and more specific concepts at lower levels. The map is a diagram that represents conceptual and verbal knowledge in graphical and visual forms. Prior studies have shown concept maps are a meaningful learning tool and an alternative to rote learning when students work cooperatively in small groups. The study investigated ...


Interactive Technology And Gaming To Enhance Understanding In Mathematics, Sarah Loturco Apr 2009

Interactive Technology And Gaming To Enhance Understanding In Mathematics, Sarah Loturco

Mathematical and Computing Sciences Masters

Integrating math and technology has been shown to enhance the educational future of children today. The integration of interactive technology through the use of electronic whiteboards and gaming to enhance student understanding in mathematics was investigated. High school students (N~80) reviewed content through an electronic whiteboard and gaming. It was shown that gaming through the use of electronic whiteboards increased student achievement in mathematics by ensuring a deeper understanding of the material presented.


The Effects Of The Workplace Covenant ™ At Frontier Communications Corporation: A Case Study, Joanne Enright Apr 2009

The Effects Of The Workplace Covenant ™ At Frontier Communications Corporation: A Case Study, Joanne Enright

Education Masters

The Workplace Covenant ™ is a team-building tool designed to increase trust and commitment among all members of a work group, including the work group manager. The supervisory group of the Operator Services Department at Frontier Communications Corporation along with their manager was assessed to measure current levels of job satisfaction, workplace engagement, team communications, interpersonal relations, and performance. A consultant performed the Workplace Covenant ™ team building intervention with the work group. Then, a final team assessment measured the success of the intervention.


Developing Hewitt Associates' Leaders Through A Global Leadership Forum, Tafra Debisschop Apr 2009

Developing Hewitt Associates' Leaders Through A Global Leadership Forum, Tafra Debisschop

Education Masters

No abstract provided.


Implementing An Effective Communication Strategy At A Small Organization In Transition, Debra M. Marshall Apr 2009

Implementing An Effective Communication Strategy At A Small Organization In Transition, Debra M. Marshall

Education Masters

No abstract provided.


The Added Value Of A Chief Learning Officer To An Organization, James Vonbramer Jan 2009

The Added Value Of A Chief Learning Officer To An Organization, James Vonbramer

Education Masters

No abstract provided.