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Theses/Dissertations

2009

Teacher Education and Professional Development

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Articles 31 - 60 of 217

Full-Text Articles in Education

Agent And Subject Of Discipline: How The Novice Teacher Experiences The Techniques Of Power, Lynn Anne Murray-Chandler Aug 2009

Agent And Subject Of Discipline: How The Novice Teacher Experiences The Techniques Of Power, Lynn Anne Murray-Chandler

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

This phenomenological study explored how five elementary school teachers experienced their first year of teaching as both the subject and agent of discipline. Drawing on Michel Foucault’s conceptualizations of power, discipline, and resistance, the investigator analyzed interview data that focused on questions concerning how novice teachers establish their own classroom management techniques, what norms they followed and resisted, as well as how and when they complied (or did not) in order to gain membership into their school/teacher community. Analysis indicated that, although novice teachers expressed many concerns, they largely complied with the norms established institutionally for managing student ...


The Effects Of Readers' Theater On The Fluency And Comprehension Of Students Reading Below Grade Level, Melinda E. Faatz Aug 2009

The Effects Of Readers' Theater On The Fluency And Comprehension Of Students Reading Below Grade Level, Melinda E. Faatz

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis explored the impact that readers' theater has on the reading fluency and comprehension of students who are reading below grade level. The study was conducted in 12:1:1 self-contained special education classroom in a rural elementary school in Western New York over the course of five weeks and included four students in 3rd to 6th grades, all reading at different levels.

Data was collected through a variety of measures throughout the course of the five-week study including daily observation and note taking of students reading out loud and practicing and/or performing readers' theater scripts. Data was ...


Environmental Print In Kindergarten: How Reading One's Surroundings Influences Early Literacy Development, Lisa Burgin Aug 2009

Environmental Print In Kindergarten: How Reading One's Surroundings Influences Early Literacy Development, Lisa Burgin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Whether found on billboards, containers, road signs or labels, environmental print is all around us. It is the text of one’s everyday world. This project probes the question of how environmental print impacts kindergarteners' literacy development - oral language, reading and writing abilities. It discusses the school-home connection (based on environmental print) and its impact on students' literacy development. It explores the perceived self-awareness of kindergartners as both readers and writers. The purpose of the research was the examination of how students' spontaneously use environmental print as well as how they respond to activities initiated in the classroom.

The project ...


Home Literacy Environment: The Perceptions Of Second Graders And Their Parents, Kathryn Antoinette Eckert Aug 2009

Home Literacy Environment: The Perceptions Of Second Graders And Their Parents, Kathryn Antoinette Eckert

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Understanding the literacy environment, and the funds of knowledge present there, are important aspects for teachers to consider when creating a balanced, student oriented literacy curriculum. The home literacy environment, coupled with other factors such as socioeconomic status, parent educational level, and cultural background all play significant roles in how a child will perform academically. This research project forms an investigation of the perceived components of the home literacy environment for a group of suburban second graders and their parents. It examines the ability of parents to support the child and maximize the potential literacy skillset of the student learner ...


The Impact Of Student Choice On Motivation For Struggling Readers To Complete Reading Activities, Rachael Parlett Aug 2009

The Impact Of Student Choice On Motivation For Struggling Readers To Complete Reading Activities, Rachael Parlett

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

How do teachers motivate their students to learn? Prompt, induce, or inspire – whatever word is used, educators recognize the importance of understanding students as individuals with idiosyncratic learning styles and the challenge of implementing the best practice for each. Former research in this subject defines the two types of motivation as intrinsic and extrinsic. This research project investigates and reports on the query, does giving student choices in reading activities impact their desire to learn? The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore different forms of motivation, driven by student choice as a catalyst, for learning in the classroom ...


Classroom Management As An Effective Means 6fpromoting Literacy Development, Deborah Lofthouse-Crowe Aug 2009

Classroom Management As An Effective Means 6fpromoting Literacy Development, Deborah Lofthouse-Crowe

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Educational research in academic success states that effective classroom management is the most important facet of effective student learning. Teacher’s attitudes can both improve and detract from their own and students’ attitudes regarding learning and scholastic experience. Research reveals that teachers who use instructional time ineffectively or unproductively, or do not involve students in meaningful and engaging activities, can risk losing students' attention and negatively impact their motivation to learn. Additionally, it is noted that many inexperienced teachers enter the classroom unprepared for the well-considered balance that is necessary for academic success; the precarious balance between instruction and classroom ...


Students’ Response In Terms Of Motivation And Engagement With The Use Of Informational And Nonfiction Texts, Melissa Sue Hundley Aug 2009

Students’ Response In Terms Of Motivation And Engagement With The Use Of Informational And Nonfiction Texts, Melissa Sue Hundley

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Student motivation and engagement for reading is a vital part of reading instruction, reading progress, and reading success. This thesis project examines the use of informational and nonfiction texts and trade books in Academic Intervention Services (AIS) instruction. It specifically focuses on two questions - How do third-grade students enrolled in AIS services for literacy respond to the use of informational and nonfiction texts and trade books in AIS instruction and how do they self-report on their motivation and engagement for reading and reading instruction when informational or nonfiction texts and trade books are used in AIS instruction? The literature review ...


Classroom Management: Teacher Training, Attitudes And Beliefs, And Intervention Practices, Margaret Catherine Davis Ladner Aug 2009

Classroom Management: Teacher Training, Attitudes And Beliefs, And Intervention Practices, Margaret Catherine Davis Ladner

Dissertations

This study examined the factors that are associated with teacher classroom management with regard to training, attitudes and beliefs, and intervention practices of general and special education teachers in dealing with classroom control. These factors were examined in general and special education classrooms. The participants for this study were teachers of kindergarten, 1st grade, 2nd grade and 3r grade students in three public school districts in a southeastern state. Participants were recruited through a convenience or voluntary sample selection.

The school districts chosen for this sample provide a good cross-section of schools; they were representative of buildings with different percentages ...


Modification Of Nancie Atwell's Reading Workshop For Implementation In A Homogeneous Group Of Struggling Adolescent Readers, Marilyn Ludwig Pickett Aug 2009

Modification Of Nancie Atwell's Reading Workshop For Implementation In A Homogeneous Group Of Struggling Adolescent Readers, Marilyn Ludwig Pickett

Masters Theses

The purpose of this qualitative study was to determine the effectiveness of Nancie Atwell's reading workshop in motivating homogeneously grouped, struggling adolescent readers in a public school setting. This naturalistic, personal narrative describes the Atwell workshop and the modifications made to it for implementation with this group of students. Atwell, a noted reading educator, uses specific strategies to teach the heterogeneously grouped students in her private school in Maine. Her students' independent thinking skills and personal connections to text are remarkable. Since I do not teach in the same environment as Atwell, I modified Atwell's strategies to meet ...


Dialogic Visual Literacy, Sharon Lafrenaye Aug 2009

Dialogic Visual Literacy, Sharon Lafrenaye

Master's Theses, Dissertations, Graduate Research and Major Papers Overview

Describes a visual art unit plan in which fifth grade students are taught visual literacy skills. Students first learn to decode a variety of imagery and then learn to encode their own imagery in the form of a narrative story scroll. Includes historical perspectives on visual literacy, along with case studies and commentary.


Active Student Engagement By Using Cooperative Learning Strategies, Austin Martinez Jul 2009

Active Student Engagement By Using Cooperative Learning Strategies, Austin Martinez

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore possible solutions to student interaction and product quality in a ninth grade English class by using strategies in cooperative learning. Reciprocal learning, jigsaw, and skills practice were used to promote student interaction and cooperation during a lesson on William Shakespeare's "Romeo and Juliet." The data reveals that the three student participants have the skills necessary to succeed and excel in cooperative learning strategies, and previous student achievements may not necessarily indicate an ability or inability to master a cooperative learning activity. Implications for using cooperative learning strategies in the classroom are ...


Motivating Kindergarteners To Write In A Half-Day Setting, Alison C. Barnes Jul 2009

Motivating Kindergarteners To Write In A Half-Day Setting, Alison C. Barnes

Theses and Dissertations

This research spawned from the observation of two half-day classes of kindergarten students at an elementary school in southern New Jersey. Being urged to write not only their first and last names but also letters, words, and even beginning sentences by the end of the year is a major requirement for New Jersey kindergartens in the year 2009. Noticing a lot of apprehension from the students when they were asked to write and use inventive spelling, methods were brainstormed of ways to encourage self-efficacy and motivation. It was decided to utilize an informal writing activity where the students would use ...


An Investigation Of The Support For Literacy Instruction In Elementary Mathematics Textbooks, Wendy Ann Williams Jul 2009

An Investigation Of The Support For Literacy Instruction In Elementary Mathematics Textbooks, Wendy Ann Williams

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the kinds of support offered for integrating literacy strategies into mathematics instruction in elementary mathematics textbooks so that students are given opportunity to achieve the vision NCTM (2000) has for mathematical power for all. The research methodology for this was a qualitative content analysis using a priori codes. Two textbook series were chosen for this study. In each series examples of literacy integration ideas based on Trabasso's and Bouchard's (2002) effective comprehension strategies to teach comprehension were cited and analyzed. The results show that there is support for teachers to ...


Deepening Understanding Of Science Content Through Text Structure Instruction, Karen Thomas Jul 2009

Deepening Understanding Of Science Content Through Text Structure Instruction, Karen Thomas

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of an instructional program designed to explicitly teach text structure awareness to fourth grade students to assist in their understanding of science content in a unit of study on weather. The changes that occurred in teacher thinking and practice were also examined throughout the process of developing and implementing the instructional program. A quantitative analysis was performed to reveal any differences in mean posttest scores between a control group and a treatment group. Results indicated that the treatment group students' science content knowledge was increased significantly more than the students ...


Examining The Effects Of Explicit Teaching Of Context Clues In Content Area Texts, Jessie Ruth Jensen Jul 2009

Examining The Effects Of Explicit Teaching Of Context Clues In Content Area Texts, Jessie Ruth Jensen

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of explicitly teaching students how to recognize and use context clues in content-area texts through a six-week instructional program. Quantitative analyses were performed to reveal any difference between a control and treatment group. Results indicated that students in the treatment group abilities to determine the meaning of unknown vocabulary words were increased significantly more than students in the control group. Students who received the six weeks of instruction more effectively used context clues to determine the meaning of unknown words than students who did not receive the instruction. Recommendations for ...


Using Web-Based Tools To Mentor Novice Teachers In Literacy Instruction, Teresa Moore Jordan Jul 2009

Using Web-Based Tools To Mentor Novice Teachers In Literacy Instruction, Teresa Moore Jordan

Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the virtual interactions between novice teachers and their mentor using web-based tools such as blogging and instant messaging. The purpose of the study was to determine the nature of online communication and how web-based tools function in the mentoring process. The mentor/researcher created an online website where novice teachers and their mentor interacted by blogging, instant messaging, and virtually sharing digital resources and ideas for teaching literacy. As the novice teachers interacted on the website, the mentor/researcher conducted an online survey and kept digital records of all blogs and instant message sessions. Later, participants were ...


Effect Of Hands-On Approach To Editing And Revising Process On Student Self-Evaluation Of Personal Skills, Lauren J. Usignol Jul 2009

Effect Of Hands-On Approach To Editing And Revising Process On Student Self-Evaluation Of Personal Skills, Lauren J. Usignol

Theses and Dissertations

The writing process is a series of four stages: prewriting, writing, editing and revising, and publishing. This action research project focuses on the editing and revising stage. The purpose of the study was to determine if the inclusion of a hands-on approach to editing and revising positively affects student self-evaluation of their skills. Students were introduced to the hands-on approach through the writer's workshop format. Through the use of surveys, interview, observations, and student work samples, I measured the confidence levels of students before and after the introduction of the hands-on approach. The analysis of the data revealed that ...


Alternativeness In Art Education: Case Studies Of Art Instruction In Three Non-Traditional Schools, Karin Lee Tollefson-Hall Jul 2009

Alternativeness In Art Education: Case Studies Of Art Instruction In Three Non-Traditional Schools, Karin Lee Tollefson-Hall

Theses and Dissertations

In this study I present case studies of the art classes at three private schools in the Midwest. The schools include a Catholic school, a Mennonite school and a Transcendental Meditation school. In the study I spent time observing art classes at each school for eighteen weeks totaling an average of thirty hours in each school. At the schools I observed the art classes and interviewed the art teachers, administrators and students in order to be able to describe the history and philosophy of each school as well as the art teaching and learning that occur in the art classes ...


A Guide To Teaching Writing In Kindergarten, Pamela Lynn Wangsness Jul 2009

A Guide To Teaching Writing In Kindergarten, Pamela Lynn Wangsness

All Graduate Projects

Research was conducted on the topic of writing in kindergarten. Many different forms of teaching writing were researched and summarized in the literature review of this project. Curriculum that is designed for kindergarten is mostly written for full day kindergarten, not taking into account the time constraints of half-day kindergarten. The results of the research were combined in the form of lesson plans that a half-day kindergarten teacher could use to begin teaching writing.


Increasing The Number Of Checkouts By Classroom Teachers Through Implementing A Levelized Class Set Library System, Beau Richard Hedrick Jul 2009

Increasing The Number Of Checkouts By Classroom Teachers Through Implementing A Levelized Class Set Library System, Beau Richard Hedrick

All Graduate Projects

The purpose of this project was to develop a levelized class set collection of books for second- and third-grade teachers. The project will summarize current research as to why teaching reading, while using appropriate leveled books, is one of the most successful ways of teaching. This project describes the steps taken to build and organize a checkout system of levelized books.


Shared Reading Lessons For Fourth, Fifth, And Sixth Grade English Language Learners, Erin Marie Goin Jul 2009

Shared Reading Lessons For Fourth, Fifth, And Sixth Grade English Language Learners, Erin Marie Goin

All Graduate Projects

This project explains what shared reading is and how it fits into balanced literacy. It explores the benefits of shared reading for English language learners and things the teacher should consider when teaching them. The project includes a collection of shared reading lesson plans for teachers of fourth, fifth and sixth grade ELL students. It explains what shared reading is, materials needed, possible texts, and skills and strategies that can be taught in a lesson. This guide is intended to help teachers of fourth, fifth and sixth grade ELL students teach shared reading lessons in their classrooms.


Quick Listening Activities To Improve Phonological Awareness In The Kindergarten Classroom, Jill Florence Stephens Jul 2009

Quick Listening Activities To Improve Phonological Awareness In The Kindergarten Classroom, Jill Florence Stephens

All Graduate Projects

Current research shows phonological awareness plays an important role in a kindergarten student's ability to read. Phonological awareness (PA) is identifying and manipulating parts of spoken language, such as words, syllables, onsets and rimes, and rhyming. Recent research also indicates a kindergartener's level of phonological awareness is connected to his or her ability to decode words, recognize vocabulary and comprehend text. Students lacking a sense of phonological awareness struggle learning to read. The good news is that kindergarteners' phonological awareness can improve with 10-15 minutes of focused instruction each day. This project guides kindergarten teachers through phonological awareness ...


Comprehensive Survival Guide For Substitute Teachers, Angela Jeanne Satterfield Jul 2009

Comprehensive Survival Guide For Substitute Teachers, Angela Jeanne Satterfield

All Graduate Projects

The struggles and challenges of substitute teaching were looked at as well as the rationale for supporting substitute teachers. Existing school district handbooks were examined and the limitations and advantages of these handbooks were given. As a result, a handbook was created with a list of suggestions, ideas, tips, and tools. These are all meant to support substitute teachers in their teaching and the students that they work with in experiencing an educationally productive school day.


A Manual For Improving The Working Relationship Of Teachers Through The Implementation Of A Peer Coaching Model, Mitchell Bennett Richards Jul 2009

A Manual For Improving The Working Relationship Of Teachers Through The Implementation Of A Peer Coaching Model, Mitchell Bennett Richards

All Graduate Projects

The challenges that teachers face today with educational standards are daunting. Many teaching practices have evolved over the last several years due to the constraints of standardized testing. These constraints require students and teachers to be held accountable for their performance. Teachers are now required to do more than simply educate students based on their beliefs of best practices. Teacher professional development is paramount to provide teachers with the tools needed to face the challenges in education today. This project presents a peer coaching model to foster teacher development, reviews the related research in the field of peer coaching, and ...


Strategies For Teaching Literacy, Susan Michelle Wolbert Jul 2009

Strategies For Teaching Literacy, Susan Michelle Wolbert

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

How do students learn to read and spell? How do they best construct meaning from literacy lessons? This study discusses a balanced approach to literacy education examining the use of phonetic and whole-language approaches to instruction. The author examines the benefits of teaching reading and spelling using each approach separately, and then in a balance of methodologies for student success. Differentiation and constructivism, defined as the way a teacher flexibly implements instruction based on student need and progress, along with student learning through experience to make meaning from information presented, as partners in the suggested balanced literacy approach. Word study ...


Teaching With Imagination And Learning By Doing: The Ideas, Methods, And Topics For Talk After School English Program In Korea From A Native English Teacher, Donovan P. Loomis Jul 2009

Teaching With Imagination And Learning By Doing: The Ideas, Methods, And Topics For Talk After School English Program In Korea From A Native English Teacher, Donovan P. Loomis

Liberal Arts and Engineering Studies

Teaching the students of Songseok elementary to love learning, love learning English, and confidence to speak like a Korean takes curiosity, imagination, and creativity. I demonstrate these skills to the students to challenge the students and help them develop their own gifts, talent, and abilities in these areas. Using sight and descriptive vocabulary I will develop their ability to remark on the remarkable and perceive the unique qualities of an object. They will have an understanding of how these new skills can benefit them and can communicate that understanding within the segment of the global economy in which English is ...


The Senior Secondary School Live-In Retreat: A Study Of The Views Of A Sample Of Teachers From One Metropolitan Catholic Diocese About The Purpose And Practices Of Retreats, Rachele Tullio Jul 2009

The Senior Secondary School Live-In Retreat: A Study Of The Views Of A Sample Of Teachers From One Metropolitan Catholic Diocese About The Purpose And Practices Of Retreats, Rachele Tullio

Theses

Senior school live-in retreats, which could be described as intensive personal/spiritual development seminars, are a distinctive feature of the religious programs of Australian Catholic secondary schools. While research on the views of young people has confirmed the popularity of retreats with students (Flynn, 1993; Maroney, 2008), there has been no systematic study of how teachers understood the nature, purposes and conduct of retreats, and of what they regarded as 'successful' retreat work. This thesis reports a two part research program on live-in retreats. The first, documentary/historical phase of the study examined the spirituality background to retreats within Catholicism ...


How Can Morning Meeting And Character Education Foster A Community Of Respect In A Second Grade Classroom?, Alyssa Conlon Jun 2009

How Can Morning Meeting And Character Education Foster A Community Of Respect In A Second Grade Classroom?, Alyssa Conlon

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative research study was to determine how Morning Meeting and the integration of character education values in a second grade classroom can lead to a respectful classroom community. As the United States becomes increasingly diverse, teachers need to learn ways in which they can create a positive learning environment where all students feel accepted and respected. Participants of this study include 13 second grade students; seven boys and six girls. Participants took part in daily Morning Meetings for approximately 20 minutes a day for a period of six and a half weeks. Data was analyzed and ...


Using The Four Agreements To Reduce Student Stress In A Zero Tolerance School, William Suarez Jun 2009

Using The Four Agreements To Reduce Student Stress In A Zero Tolerance School, William Suarez

Theses and Dissertations

As the No Child Left Behind Act of 2002 increased academic pressure on students, the Guns Free Schools Act of 1994 required school districts to implement zero tolerance discipline policies that called for expulsion of students who bring weapons to school or commit drug offenses on school property. The zero tolerance policy forced students to deal with punishments and requirements that many educators feel are unevenly meted out (National Association of School Psychologists, 2008). This resulted is a stressful climate for students.

The Four Agreements are part of an esoteric Toltec philosophy that emphasizes stress-free interpersonal interactions (Ruiz, 1997). By ...


What Happens To Student Engagement And Understanding Of Chemistry When Cross-Curricular Activities And Assignments Are Used In An Honors Chemistry Class?, Heather L. Keller Jun 2009

What Happens To Student Engagement And Understanding Of Chemistry When Cross-Curricular Activities And Assignments Are Used In An Honors Chemistry Class?, Heather L. Keller

Theses and Dissertations

The focus of this action research study was to determine if cross-curricular learning strategies could be used in a chemistry class to increase both student engagement and understanding of chemistry content. Two strategies were implemented in an honors chemistry course of sophomores and juniors. Participants were chosen on a voluntary basis, those students who chose not to participate still needed to complete the activities, however, their grades and responses were not included in the data. Participating students were required to complete a consent form and obtain parental permission. Students completed a creative writing activity and a kinesthetic activity in which ...