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Theses/Dissertations

2009

Elementary Education and Teaching

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Relationship Between Fluency And Comprehension For Middle School Students, Ingrid Mccallister Dec 2009

Relationship Between Fluency And Comprehension For Middle School Students, Ingrid Mccallister

Masters Theses

No abstract provided.


A Qualitative Case Study Of Natural Storytelling Strategies Used At The Nantahala School., Nancy J. Reeder Dec 2009

A Qualitative Case Study Of Natural Storytelling Strategies Used At The Nantahala School., Nancy J. Reeder

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative case study identifies what 8 teachers naturally do with storytelling at a K-12 school in western North Carolina. Through observations, interviews, field notes, document reviews, and artifact reviews, I used the constant comparison analysis method to discover themes from their formal and informal storytelling strategies. From these themes, I created a framework of 7 suggestions to enhance storytelling awareness. They are: sharing personal stories, developing voice control and body expression, connecting story to school culture, modeling well-developed stories with beginnings, middles, and ends, introducing stories with a pause, expressing the word "imagine" often during instruction, and finally, making ...


Bilingual Education : Searching For The Ideal Elementary Bilingual Program, Vanessa J. Brumaghim Dec 2009

Bilingual Education : Searching For The Ideal Elementary Bilingual Program, Vanessa J. Brumaghim

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Bilingualism refers to an individual’s ability to proficiently use multiple languages. Bilingual education, then, refers to all programs that seek to teach using two specific languages. Bilingual education’s goals are to not only academically but also culturally embrace the student learner and prepare them for the competitive, global market. This research project heralds the merits and challenges of each teaching model (two-way immersion, transitional, and developmental) being utilized in the United States. It argues the challenging question of best practices for these models as they are employed for future generations of K-12 learners, taking into account the various ...


What Students And Adults Are Allowed To Know About Christopher Columbus, Kimberly Ann Crawford Dec 2009

What Students And Adults Are Allowed To Know About Christopher Columbus, Kimberly Ann Crawford

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Often students and adults are told of the great accomplishments of Christopher Columbus. Columbus was an important explorer who discovered the New World. This account of history ignores many facts of Columbus. Many people do not know of the enslaving and murder of countless natives, and other atrocities that Columbus committed. The objective of this study was to see what information is provided to students, and what is omitted, and what message this sends to students.

This master thesis begins with a detailed historical account of the events preceding Columbus’ first voyage, up to and concluding with his death and ...


Literature Circles And Their Effects On Student Motivation And Reading Comprehension, Katie Covert Dec 2009

Literature Circles And Their Effects On Student Motivation And Reading Comprehension, Katie Covert

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Literature circles promote social interaction and cooperative learning, help target various learning styles, and promote student inquiry. Reading groups encourage reluctant readers and allow the opportunity for students to read, write, think, and talk about what they are reading. This thesis project examines the effectiveness of using literature circles as an intervention to improve interest and understanding. It evaluates the importance of student motivation and comprehension on reading competencies. The research study was conducted on two six student groups in a fourth grade classroom – a test group and a control group. Students took a pre and post survey about their ...


The Impact That Daily Exercise Has On A Student With Behavioral Issues In The Classroom, Kelly Radley Nov 2009

The Impact That Daily Exercise Has On A Student With Behavioral Issues In The Classroom, Kelly Radley

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

From the “daydreamer” to the most severe forms it is estimated that three to five percent of children in a given classroom will be diagnosed with some type of attention deficit disorder. Developing effective interventions for children with potential disruptive behaviors is an important goal for educators. This research project explored what impact a daily exercise program would have on students with behavioral issues, due to an attention deficit disorder, with regard to improved academic performance. In researching this ever growing issue in education and society, the literature examined the effect of ADHD on brain function, characteristics prevalent in these ...


The Roles Of Middle And High School Reading Specialists, Kathleen M. Stolfi Aug 2009

The Roles Of Middle And High School Reading Specialists, Kathleen M. Stolfi

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The main goal of The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001 is to hold school districts accountable to close the achievement gap. One way in which the NCLB is ensuring accountability is by requiring school districts to seek better qualified and prepared classroom teachers and well-prepared reading specialists who can serve as coaches or mentors for teachers in the schools. Elementary level reading specialists and their role in the school community has been widely researched however the secondary level lacks clarity in impact on academic success and in articulation of their purpose and partnership with teaching and administrative ...


The Effects Of Readers' Theater On The Fluency And Comprehension Of Students Reading Below Grade Level, Melinda E. Faatz Aug 2009

The Effects Of Readers' Theater On The Fluency And Comprehension Of Students Reading Below Grade Level, Melinda E. Faatz

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis explored the impact that readers' theater has on the reading fluency and comprehension of students who are reading below grade level. The study was conducted in 12:1:1 self-contained special education classroom in a rural elementary school in Western New York over the course of five weeks and included four students in 3rd to 6th grades, all reading at different levels.

Data was collected through a variety of measures throughout the course of the five-week study including daily observation and note taking of students reading out loud and practicing and/or performing readers' theater scripts. Data was ...


Home Literacy Environment: The Perceptions Of Second Graders And Their Parents, Kathryn Antoinette Eckert Aug 2009

Home Literacy Environment: The Perceptions Of Second Graders And Their Parents, Kathryn Antoinette Eckert

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Understanding the literacy environment, and the funds of knowledge present there, are important aspects for teachers to consider when creating a balanced, student oriented literacy curriculum. The home literacy environment, coupled with other factors such as socioeconomic status, parent educational level, and cultural background all play significant roles in how a child will perform academically. This research project forms an investigation of the perceived components of the home literacy environment for a group of suburban second graders and their parents. It examines the ability of parents to support the child and maximize the potential literacy skillset of the student learner ...


The Impact Of Student Choice On Motivation For Struggling Readers To Complete Reading Activities, Rachael Parlett Aug 2009

The Impact Of Student Choice On Motivation For Struggling Readers To Complete Reading Activities, Rachael Parlett

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

How do teachers motivate their students to learn? Prompt, induce, or inspire – whatever word is used, educators recognize the importance of understanding students as individuals with idiosyncratic learning styles and the challenge of implementing the best practice for each. Former research in this subject defines the two types of motivation as intrinsic and extrinsic. This research project investigates and reports on the query, does giving student choices in reading activities impact their desire to learn? The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore different forms of motivation, driven by student choice as a catalyst, for learning in the classroom ...


Classroom Management As An Effective Means 6fpromoting Literacy Development, Deborah Lofthouse-Crowe Aug 2009

Classroom Management As An Effective Means 6fpromoting Literacy Development, Deborah Lofthouse-Crowe

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Educational research in academic success states that effective classroom management is the most important facet of effective student learning. Teacher’s attitudes can both improve and detract from their own and students’ attitudes regarding learning and scholastic experience. Research reveals that teachers who use instructional time ineffectively or unproductively, or do not involve students in meaningful and engaging activities, can risk losing students' attention and negatively impact their motivation to learn. Additionally, it is noted that many inexperienced teachers enter the classroom unprepared for the well-considered balance that is necessary for academic success; the precarious balance between instruction and classroom ...


Students’ Response In Terms Of Motivation And Engagement With The Use Of Informational And Nonfiction Texts, Melissa Sue Hundley Aug 2009

Students’ Response In Terms Of Motivation And Engagement With The Use Of Informational And Nonfiction Texts, Melissa Sue Hundley

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Student motivation and engagement for reading is a vital part of reading instruction, reading progress, and reading success. This thesis project examines the use of informational and nonfiction texts and trade books in Academic Intervention Services (AIS) instruction. It specifically focuses on two questions - How do third-grade students enrolled in AIS services for literacy respond to the use of informational and nonfiction texts and trade books in AIS instruction and how do they self-report on their motivation and engagement for reading and reading instruction when informational or nonfiction texts and trade books are used in AIS instruction? The literature review ...


Dialogic Visual Literacy, Sharon Lafrenaye Aug 2009

Dialogic Visual Literacy, Sharon Lafrenaye

Master's Theses, Dissertations, Graduate Research and Major Papers Overview

Describes a visual art unit plan in which fifth grade students are taught visual literacy skills. Students first learn to decode a variety of imagery and then learn to encode their own imagery in the form of a narrative story scroll. Includes historical perspectives on visual literacy, along with case studies and commentary.


Agent And Subject Of Discipline: How The Novice Teacher Experiences The Techniques Of Power, Lynn Anne Murray-Chandler Aug 2009

Agent And Subject Of Discipline: How The Novice Teacher Experiences The Techniques Of Power, Lynn Anne Murray-Chandler

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

This phenomenological study explored how five elementary school teachers experienced their first year of teaching as both the subject and agent of discipline. Drawing on Michel Foucault’s conceptualizations of power, discipline, and resistance, the investigator analyzed interview data that focused on questions concerning how novice teachers establish their own classroom management techniques, what norms they followed and resisted, as well as how and when they complied (or did not) in order to gain membership into their school/teacher community. Analysis indicated that, although novice teachers expressed many concerns, they largely complied with the norms established institutionally for managing student ...


Motivating Kindergarteners To Write In A Half-Day Setting, Alison C. Barnes Jul 2009

Motivating Kindergarteners To Write In A Half-Day Setting, Alison C. Barnes

Theses and Dissertations

This research spawned from the observation of two half-day classes of kindergarten students at an elementary school in southern New Jersey. Being urged to write not only their first and last names but also letters, words, and even beginning sentences by the end of the year is a major requirement for New Jersey kindergartens in the year 2009. Noticing a lot of apprehension from the students when they were asked to write and use inventive spelling, methods were brainstormed of ways to encourage self-efficacy and motivation. It was decided to utilize an informal writing activity where the students would use ...


Effect Of Hands-On Approach To Editing And Revising Process On Student Self-Evaluation Of Personal Skills, Lauren J. Usignol Jul 2009

Effect Of Hands-On Approach To Editing And Revising Process On Student Self-Evaluation Of Personal Skills, Lauren J. Usignol

Theses and Dissertations

The writing process is a series of four stages: prewriting, writing, editing and revising, and publishing. This action research project focuses on the editing and revising stage. The purpose of the study was to determine if the inclusion of a hands-on approach to editing and revising positively affects student self-evaluation of their skills. Students were introduced to the hands-on approach through the writer's workshop format. Through the use of surveys, interview, observations, and student work samples, I measured the confidence levels of students before and after the introduction of the hands-on approach. The analysis of the data revealed that ...


Increasing The Number Of Checkouts By Classroom Teachers Through Implementing A Levelized Class Set Library System, Beau Richard Hedrick Jul 2009

Increasing The Number Of Checkouts By Classroom Teachers Through Implementing A Levelized Class Set Library System, Beau Richard Hedrick

All Graduate Projects

The purpose of this project was to develop a levelized class set collection of books for second- and third-grade teachers. The project will summarize current research as to why teaching reading, while using appropriate leveled books, is one of the most successful ways of teaching. This project describes the steps taken to build and organize a checkout system of levelized books.


Shared Reading Lessons For Fourth, Fifth, And Sixth Grade English Language Learners, Erin Marie Goin Jul 2009

Shared Reading Lessons For Fourth, Fifth, And Sixth Grade English Language Learners, Erin Marie Goin

All Graduate Projects

This project explains what shared reading is and how it fits into balanced literacy. It explores the benefits of shared reading for English language learners and things the teacher should consider when teaching them. The project includes a collection of shared reading lesson plans for teachers of fourth, fifth and sixth grade ELL students. It explains what shared reading is, materials needed, possible texts, and skills and strategies that can be taught in a lesson. This guide is intended to help teachers of fourth, fifth and sixth grade ELL students teach shared reading lessons in their classrooms.


Strategies For Teaching Literacy, Susan Michelle Wolbert Jul 2009

Strategies For Teaching Literacy, Susan Michelle Wolbert

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

How do students learn to read and spell? How do they best construct meaning from literacy lessons? This study discusses a balanced approach to literacy education examining the use of phonetic and whole-language approaches to instruction. The author examines the benefits of teaching reading and spelling using each approach separately, and then in a balance of methodologies for student success. Differentiation and constructivism, defined as the way a teacher flexibly implements instruction based on student need and progress, along with student learning through experience to make meaning from information presented, as partners in the suggested balanced literacy approach. Word study ...


Teaching With Imagination And Learning By Doing: The Ideas, Methods, And Topics For Talk After School English Program In Korea From A Native English Teacher, Donovan P. Loomis Jul 2009

Teaching With Imagination And Learning By Doing: The Ideas, Methods, And Topics For Talk After School English Program In Korea From A Native English Teacher, Donovan P. Loomis

Liberal Arts and Engineering Studies

Teaching the students of Songseok elementary to love learning, love learning English, and confidence to speak like a Korean takes curiosity, imagination, and creativity. I demonstrate these skills to the students to challenge the students and help them develop their own gifts, talent, and abilities in these areas. Using sight and descriptive vocabulary I will develop their ability to remark on the remarkable and perceive the unique qualities of an object. They will have an understanding of how these new skills can benefit them and can communicate that understanding within the segment of the global economy in which English is ...


How Can Morning Meeting And Character Education Foster A Community Of Respect In A Second Grade Classroom?, Alyssa Conlon Jun 2009

How Can Morning Meeting And Character Education Foster A Community Of Respect In A Second Grade Classroom?, Alyssa Conlon

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative research study was to determine how Morning Meeting and the integration of character education values in a second grade classroom can lead to a respectful classroom community. As the United States becomes increasingly diverse, teachers need to learn ways in which they can create a positive learning environment where all students feel accepted and respected. Participants of this study include 13 second grade students; seven boys and six girls. Participants took part in daily Morning Meetings for approximately 20 minutes a day for a period of six and a half weeks. Data was analyzed and ...


Values Education In The American School System, Angela Korch Jun 2009

Values Education In The American School System, Angela Korch

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine students and their values and the integration of teaching values in the school setting to determine whether or not it is beneficial to focus on teaching values within the classroom; and especially the value of respect. The instruments which were used to gather data in this study were a researcher journal, student artifacts, focus group meetings, and two charts. Students demonstrated a general understanding of what respect was and who they should be respectful to as well as how they should be respectful to them. In addition, the students completed a variety ...


The Impact Of Literature Circles On Reading Comprehenson In A Fourth Grade Class, Richard L. Kaufmann Jun 2009

The Impact Of Literature Circles On Reading Comprehenson In A Fourth Grade Class, Richard L. Kaufmann

Theses and Dissertations

In a fourth grade class where the majority of students were reading below grade level, literature circles were introduced and monitored for their ability to (a) raise student motivation to complete class work, (b) improve student interaction and behavior, and (c) raise Fountas and Pinnell reading comprehension levels. Students' class work in the literature circles was compared to similar work from whole group instruction. A rubric measured the attentiveness and behavior of the students in literature circle, whole group, and small group settings. The study was bookended by two Fountas and Pinnell benchmark reading assessments that were compared for signs ...


Using Multicultural Literature Across Curriculum To Foster An Understanding And Acceptance Of Diversity, Nina Stubblebine Jun 2009

Using Multicultural Literature Across Curriculum To Foster An Understanding And Acceptance Of Diversity, Nina Stubblebine

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this teacher research was to (a) use multicultural literature across curriculum to foster an understanding and acceptance of diversity and (b) examine more deeply how using multicultural literature in this manner might impact student learning, teacher-student relationships, student-student relationships and the overall environment of an elementary school classroom. In response to a cross-curricular multicultural literature unit, the four first grade self-contained participants of this study demonstrated progression from a recognition of physical differences to an acceptance of diversity. My methods for data collection were: keeping a teacher journal, conducting teacher interviews, informal student interviews, read-alouds, audio recordings ...


Effective Strategies For Creating Socially Developing And Accepting Inclusion Classrooms, Kristin Bishop Jun 2009

Effective Strategies For Creating Socially Developing And Accepting Inclusion Classrooms, Kristin Bishop

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate and determine the most effective strategies for creating a socially developing and accepting inclusion classroom. The study was conducted as teacher research and uses both quantitative and qualitative research methods. The population used in the study was that of a first grade inclusion classroom. All students who were given parental consent participated. A classroom observation rubric, student surveys, and student interviews were completed pre-implementation. Strategies for creating a socially developing and accepting inclusion classroom were implemented; reading pertinent literature, discussions, and lunch conversations. During this time student artifacts were collected. After the ...


What Happens When Students Learn A Step-By-Step Approach To Solving Math Word Problems?, Lindsay Brooks Jun 2009

What Happens When Students Learn A Step-By-Step Approach To Solving Math Word Problems?, Lindsay Brooks

Theses and Dissertations

No abstract available.


Elementary School Students And Homework: A Study Of Best Practices, Michelle F. Brown Jun 2009

Elementary School Students And Homework: A Study Of Best Practices, Michelle F. Brown

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to analyze fourth grade teachers' policies and opinions about homework in a southern New Jersey school and compare these findings with previously completed studies done by other researchers throughout the country. Through the methods of various surveys and discussions, five fourth-grade teachers, nineteen students, and sixteen parents were involved in this study. The researcher, who was student teaching in one of the fourth grade classrooms in this school where the majority of investigation took place, also kept a journal of observations relating to homework. The researcher found that although most students were spending an ...


Infusing Music In An Academic Curriculum, Katelyn E. Frevert Jun 2009

Infusing Music In An Academic Curriculum, Katelyn E. Frevert

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this teacher research was to examine the effects of music on student comprehension, cooperative learning and the surrounding learning community. This study was conducted within a third grade inclusion classroom. The students were exposed to educational songs in mathematics, writing and science. The students were also provided with the opportunity to create their own songs about matter and showcase them through their production of music videos. Data for this study was collected through video recordings, student interviews, teacher interviews, and teacher/researcher observations and journal. This study demonstrated that music has a positive effect on the learning ...


Using Movement And Kinesthetic Learning To Teach Academics In A Fourth Grade Classroom, Elise Fulginiti Jun 2009

Using Movement And Kinesthetic Learning To Teach Academics In A Fourth Grade Classroom, Elise Fulginiti

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research study was to determine what happens when movement and kinesthetic learning are implemented academically in a fourth-grade regular education classroom. Kinesthetics were used to help teach a social studies unit on Europeans in New Jersey and were later infused into the classroom curriculum. Qualitative inquiry strategies such as video-taped lessons, student written feedback, individual interviews, and observations written in my own teacher research journal were used to collect data. Sorting and categorizing data within and between data sources revealed that the kinesthetic learning lead to increased understanding of the topics being studied, heightened student engagement ...


Using Literature And Role-Playing To Teach Social Skills To Students In Self-Contained Classrooms, Lauren M. Massa Jun 2009

Using Literature And Role-Playing To Teach Social Skills To Students In Self-Contained Classrooms, Lauren M. Massa

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative research study was to explore the role of educators in teach social skills to self-contained students. Bibliotherapy, which utilizes books to help people solve their problems and role-playing were the two methods used to teach social skills. For this study, five data collection instruments were utilized: audio taped class discussions, video recordings of role-playing sessions, a teacher research journal, an instructional unit, and student projects and artifacts. For the sake of privacy and confidentiality, the names of people and places were altered. The qualitative research study was conducted in a Kindergarten self-contained classroom, located in ...