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Theses/Dissertations

1988

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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Effects Of A Structured Group Experience On The Life Satisfaction And Subsequent Adjustment Of Functional Elderly Persons In A Nursing Home Setting, Elzo Parnell Dec 1988

The Effects Of A Structured Group Experience On The Life Satisfaction And Subsequent Adjustment Of Functional Elderly Persons In A Nursing Home Setting, Elzo Parnell

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a structured group experience (focusing on cognitive reprogramming) on the life satisfaction and subsequent adjustment of functional elderly persons residing in a nursing home. The study was designed to change the negative attitudes of participants towards themselves as elderly and to facilitate their adjustment to institutionalization. We are living in an aging society where increasing numbers of elderly people will spend their final years in a nursing home. The results of this study should be of significance to personnel employed in nursing homes, i.e., social workers, counselors, nurses ...


Perceived Training Needs Of Principals In Northeast Tennessee: Analysis Of Data In Two Selected Years, Ann M. Little Dec 1988

Perceived Training Needs Of Principals In Northeast Tennessee: Analysis Of Data In Two Selected Years, Ann M. Little

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The problem of this study was to compare perceived training needs of public school administrators at two points in time and to analyze those needs as to age, sex, educational degree, and experience of respondents. The survey population consisted of public school principals in the 14 systems of the First Educational District in Northeast Tennessee. A descriptive research design was chosen for the study. A follow-up questionnaire was developed based on the 1986 Brown Survey which surveyed the same population for demographic and professional characteristics in addition to the perceived training needs of principals, superintendents, and school board members. Respondents ...


An Investigation Into The Relationship Of Parental Involvement, Parents' Income, And Parents' Level Of Education In Students' Achievement In Academic Work, Georgia N. Smith Dec 1988

An Investigation Into The Relationship Of Parental Involvement, Parents' Income, And Parents' Level Of Education In Students' Achievement In Academic Work, Georgia N. Smith

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of parental involvement, parents income, and parents level of education in students achievement in academic work. The basic thesis was to what degree parent a 1 involvement affect students academic achievement in reading, mathematics achievement concept scores, mathematics problem scores, and mathematics computation scores.

The sample consisted of 73 elementary and 104 middle school students who were randomly selected from three elementary and three low middle to high predominantly white suburban public schools in Douglas and Henry County, 174 of their parents 7 of their homeroom teachers and their 4 ...


Determinants Of Student-Faculty Informal Contact, Alan W. Barr Dec 1988

Determinants Of Student-Faculty Informal Contact, Alan W. Barr

Dissertations

There was an examination in this study of the relationship of classroom experiences (cues) and professorial initiative to the frequency of informal student-faculty interaction in the freshman year. The research was conducted at an independent, four-year urban college in the state of Michigan with a predominantly commuter population. A survey instrument was administered to the entire freshman class in the Spring semester of 1988. Information was derived from the survey on the nature and frequency of informal faculty-student contact.

Out of the 137 freshman receiving surveys, 101 returned them. The response rate was 74%. Data from one survey returned were ...


The Effects Of Leadership Style And Work Setting On The Job Satisfaction Of Teachers Of The Trainable Mentally Impaired, John Charles Woods Dec 1988

The Effects Of Leadership Style And Work Setting On The Job Satisfaction Of Teachers Of The Trainable Mentally Impaired, John Charles Woods

Dissertations

This study examined the effect that leadership style and work setting would have on the job satisfaction of teachers of the trainable mentally impaired (TMI). Leadership style was based on the adaptability score from the LEAD Other instrument by Hersey and Blanchard (1982). Work setting was defined by one of three teaching situations, (1) integrated, with one or two teachers of the TMI working in a regular education building; (2) clustered, with three or more teachers of the TMI working in a regular education building; or (3) segregated, with teachers of the TMI working in a separate facility. Job satisfaction ...


Intuition In Decision Making By Human Service Administrators, Judith Huber Halseth Dec 1988

Intuition In Decision Making By Human Service Administrators, Judith Huber Halseth

Dissertations

The phenomenon of intuition includes insights and hunches, as well as the ability to pick up clues and to see patterns. The role of intuition in interpersonal relationships, in problem solving and decision making, and in creativity makes it an important cognitive faculty. As a complement to more systematic and deductive decision making, intuition provides creative insights, especially when people consciously acknowledge intuition.

This study focused on the experience of intuition as reported by 25 administrators in human service organizations. In face-to-face interviews, the 10 women and 15 men who were known to use intuition were asked open-ended questions about ...


Applied Thermoplastic Screw Plastication Theory: Industry Acceptance And Implications For Plastics Processing Education, Paul V. Engelmann Dec 1988

Applied Thermoplastic Screw Plastication Theory: Industry Acceptance And Implications For Plastics Processing Education, Paul V. Engelmann

Dissertations

Rapid expansion of the thermoplastics processing industry has increased the need for plastics education and training. Screw plastication is the major method of melting plastics in order to mold or extrude them into useful products. Thus, information about the role of plastication is needed to provide guidance for plastics education and training.

This study sought confirmation of suspected differences existing in the amount of knowledge personnel have about thermoplastic screw plastication, dependent upon: (a) the type of plastics process used, and (b) their job classifications. Furthermore, the study collected data in three additional areas: (1) the extent to which persons ...


An Assessment Of The Relationship Between Decision-Makers' Opinions About Comprehensive Sex Education And Factors That Influence Those Opinions, M. Terri Voit-Devine Dec 1988

An Assessment Of The Relationship Between Decision-Makers' Opinions About Comprehensive Sex Education And Factors That Influence Those Opinions, M. Terri Voit-Devine

Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to investigate decision-makers' opinions about what was to be contained in comprehensive sex education programs, the degree to which decision makers believed course information was likely to be part of their own curriculum, and how much support they believed the community would give to various parts of the curriculum.

The instrument used in the study was created by combining parts of surveys by Wayne (1981) and Marini and Jones (1983). The study compared the opinions of decision makers about guidelines to be used when implementing sex education, reasons for offering sex education, reasons for ...


Effectiveness Of Employee Participation Groups In A Manufacturing Company, John F. Blamy Dec 1988

Effectiveness Of Employee Participation Groups In A Manufacturing Company, John F. Blamy

Dissertations

This case study investigated the short term effectiveness of Quality of Work Life participation groups in a Midwest manufacturing division of a major worldwide automotive corporation. Six traditional procedural measures were used to evaluate performance. These measures of performance were: employee attendance, written grievances, scrap produced, quality audits, customer complaints, and productivity.

Six hypotheses were formulated for this study: (1) Employees in departments with employee participation groups will improve their attendance more than employees in departments that do not have employee participation groups. (2) Employees in departments with employee participation groups will decrease the number of formal grievances more than ...


Effects Of Student Attitudes And Student Time On Achievement Gains In College Developmental Reading, Kathryn K. Welsch Dec 1988

Effects Of Student Attitudes And Student Time On Achievement Gains In College Developmental Reading, Kathryn K. Welsch

Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to provide a new focus on college-level developmental reading programs by examining course content (i.e., instructional activities) in a developmental reading class.

Attitudes and time spent on instructional activities were monitored for 47 students in three sections of college level developmental reading. Multiple regression analyses were used to relate these data to vocabulary and comprehension gains on the Nelson Denny Reading Test (J. Brown, Nelson, & Denny, 1976).

Students made significant gains in vocabulary and in comprehension. Student attitudes predicted gains in both vocabulary and comprehension. Because of reliability problems, the time data do ...


Small Michigan Schools: Course Offerings And Methods Used To Maintain Curriculum Despite Low Enrollment, Dona M. Hettle Dec 1988

Small Michigan Schools: Course Offerings And Methods Used To Maintain Curriculum Despite Low Enrollment, Dona M. Hettle

Master's Theses

Small schools face curriculum limitations because of low student numbers and financial constraints. The purpose of this study was to determine the course offerings and techniques for maintaining curriculum in selected Michigan small schools. Principals of 50 Michigan small schools chosen at random completed a questionnaire listing 79 courses and 15 strategies for maintaining curriculum. Responses were tabulated and listed in rank order. Course offerings in Michigan small schools vary greatly in numbers and kind. Sixty-nine percent offer a basic curriculum enabling students to meet the National Commission on Excellence in Education (1983) recommendations. In coping with small numbers, schools ...


An Evaluation Of A Student Orientation Pilot Project And Counseling Services As Retention Activities At Grand Valley State University, Mary T. Gustas Dec 1988

An Evaluation Of A Student Orientation Pilot Project And Counseling Services As Retention Activities At Grand Valley State University, Mary T. Gustas

Master's Theses

The field experience was completed in the Counseling Center in affiliation with the Dean of Students Office, and the Office of the Vice President of Academic Affairs, spring of 1986 through spring of 1987. An objective of the experience was to determine if an increased orientation program and counseling service impacted the retention of freshmen students at Grand Valley State University, Allendale, MI.

Data were gathered and compiled which supported an extended orientation program at other institutions. Recommendations for implementation were prepared and presented to the Retention Committee at Grand Valley State University.

Additional data collection was done for the ...


Community Education Plan For North Kent Consortium, Charlene M. Bunnell Dec 1988

Community Education Plan For North Kent Consortium, Charlene M. Bunnell

Master's Theses

The purpose of this project was to design a working document which could be used by the four-school community education consortium in its management practices. The underlying question was whether it was possible to design a document which would be simple and complete, by still address the many needs of four different school systems.

The completed project includes a document which addresses the many facets of administering a multi-district consortium. It outlines the duties and responsibilities of each district at the present time while allowing for the realigning of those duties and responsibilities at a later date.

As a result ...


Implementing Computer Use In A 5th Grade Curriculum: A Study Of The Process Of Implementation And Subsequent Impact, Walter F. Davison Dec 1988

Implementing Computer Use In A 5th Grade Curriculum: A Study Of The Process Of Implementation And Subsequent Impact, Walter F. Davison

Master's Theses

There has recently been an intensive effort on the part of school systems, administrators, teachers, and parents to bring computers into everyday classroom use. Yet, to a large degree, this effort has proceeded without appropriate planning about just how computers can best be used and integrated into the curriculum.

This study focuses on how an independent elementary school with a minimum of resources went about the process of integrating computer usage in the fifth grade, the steps required for integration and for continued student use of computers in the school. Computer usage was introduced as part of the writing classes ...


The Effects Of Nautilus Circuit Weight Training On Aerobic Capacity, Rhonda M. Ludwig Dec 1988

The Effects Of Nautilus Circuit Weight Training On Aerobic Capacity, Rhonda M. Ludwig

Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to identify whether Nautilus Circuit Training effected maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) levels of novice weight trainers. Fourteen college age male and female subjects (18-23 years old) from physical education classes at Western Michigan University participated in a six week Nautilus Training Program (NTP). Each subject performed a pre and post maximal treadmill graded exercise test to determine VO2max levels. A randomized block ANOVA design was used to analyze the dependent variable, VO2max. The mean of the pre-test VO2max level (42.83 ml x O2/kg ...


Pentylenetetrazol-Induced Seizures In Pigeons And The Effects Of Ethosuximide Thereon, James J. Jakubow Dec 1988

Pentylenetetrazol-Induced Seizures In Pigeons And The Effects Of Ethosuximide Thereon, James J. Jakubow

Master's Theses

Previous research has shown that ethosuximide in high enough doses will disrupt operant responding in pigeons. Whether or not these same doses will protect against seizure activity in this species has not been previously tested.

To test this question a system for scoring pentylenetetrazol-induced seizures in pigeons was developed and the effects of ethosuximide on such seizures were evaluated. In Experiment 1 pentylenetetrazol at 15, 27 and 47 mg/kg reliably induced seizures. In Experiment 2 non-behaviorally active and behaviorally active doses of ethosuximide were tested for their seizure controlling effectiveness.

Doses of 20, 40, 80, 160 and 320 mg ...


A Study Of The Development Of A Second Language Program Proposal For Decatur Public Schools, Linda L. Iciek Dec 1988

A Study Of The Development Of A Second Language Program Proposal For Decatur Public Schools, Linda L. Iciek

Master's Theses

The development of a second language proposal for Decatur, Michigan, Public Schools, was undertaken as a result of an established board goal for the 1985-86 school year. Chairing the committee which investigated the possibility of implementing such a program was undertaken to fulfill the requirements of a Specialist in Education degree through the Department of Educational Leadership, Western Michigan University.

The committee met on a weekly basis to study and develop the proposal by completing the following tasks: (a) identify and visit schools within the state implementing such programs; (b) research the effects of immersion language programs; (c) survey the ...


A Review And Evaluation Of Research On Suspension And Expulsion Of Handicapped Students In Public Schools, Debria D. Young Dec 1988

A Review And Evaluation Of Research On Suspension And Expulsion Of Handicapped Students In Public Schools, Debria D. Young

Master's Theses

The purpose of this report is to review and synthesize findings of research studies about suspension and expulsion of handicapped students as a disciplinary procedure in public schools.

The first chapter begins with a glossary of frequently used terms and definitions to assist the reader in understanding the terminology used in this paper.

Chapter II reviews literature relevant to suspension and expulsion of handicapped students.

Chapter III cites statutory and mandatory provisions set forth by the .Michigan State Board of Education on suspension and expulsion.

Chapter IV explores the historical content on suspension and expulsion of handicapped students.

Chapter V ...


A Comparison Of Video Disc-Presented To Teacher-Presented Direct Instruction, Charles P. Schira Dec 1988

A Comparison Of Video Disc-Presented To Teacher-Presented Direct Instruction, Charles P. Schira

Master's Theses

The video disc Mastering Fractions by Systems Impact (1984) was investigated for effects on student on-task behavior. The video disc uses basic principles of Direct Instruction and was compared to teacher-presented Direct Instruction. The study used a reversal design in a Special Education classroom where the classroom teacher normally used Direct Instruction. Three Special Education students at the junior high school level were used as subjects. The results of the study indicate a slight increase in student attending behavior with the use of the video disc. Subjects were also evaluated for the novelty effect of the video disc on attending ...


Code Switching Ability Of Deaf Students And Its Relationship To Reading Comprehension Performance, Michelle M. Nesbit Dec 1988

Code Switching Ability Of Deaf Students And Its Relationship To Reading Comprehension Performance, Michelle M. Nesbit

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between deaf students’ ability to code switch for ASL to written English and their reading comprehension performance.

A t-test was used to test the hypotheses presented in this study. The correlations between code switching ability and reading comprehension performance were established.

The findings of this study indicated that a strong correlation exists between deaf students' code switching ability and their reading comprehension performance. The findings of this study also showed a significant difference between the code switching scores of deaf students of deaf parents and deaf students of hearing parents ...


Tennessee's Administrators' And Supervisors' Level Of Concern Toward Mainstreaming The Classes For Severely Mentally Retarded And The Classes For Multi-Handicapped Into The Regular School, Leah P. Hurst Nov 1988

Tennessee's Administrators' And Supervisors' Level Of Concern Toward Mainstreaming The Classes For Severely Mentally Retarded And The Classes For Multi-Handicapped Into The Regular School, Leah P. Hurst

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The problem of this study was to determine the level of concern of supervisors and administrators in the state of Tennessee toward mainstreaming classes for the severely mentally retarded and the classes for the multi-handicapped into the regular schools. The Change Facilitators Stages of Concern Questionnaire (CFSoCQ) was the instrument selected as appropriate for the study. Permission was obtained from Dr. Gene Hall at the University of Florida to reproduce and administer the CFSoCQ. A stratified random sample was conducted as representative of the total population of superintendents, special education supervisors, special day school principals, high school principals, middle school ...


A Series Of Laboratory Exercises For Use In Undergraduate Studies, Daniel Patrick Frank Sep 1988

A Series Of Laboratory Exercises For Use In Undergraduate Studies, Daniel Patrick Frank

Biology Master’s Theses

This paper focuses on developing appropriate laboratory exercises to support learning for undergraduate students in advanced biology courses. The researcher created a series of lab exercises: isolation of rat liver mitochondria, restriction enzymes laboratory, ultraviolet repair system laboratory, bacterial transformation, and hybridoma module. Each lab exercise includes a description of the educational goals/rationale, the factors considered in lab design, background information on the task, a detailed description of the sub-tasks, and detailed methods.


The Effect Of Dietary Sulfur On The Metabolism Of Long Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids, Mei Fung Chen Aug 1988

The Effect Of Dietary Sulfur On The Metabolism Of Long Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids, Mei Fung Chen

Doctoral Dissertations

The test hypothesis of this investigation was that methionine-supplemented diets could possibly interfere with the metabolism of polyunsaturated fatty acids, thereby altering the biosynthesis of the active metabolites, prostanoids, and the profiles of tissue phospholipids. The postulated mechanism of action for this dietary regimen would be to increase the tissue concentration of the active methyl donor, S-Adenosyl-methionine (SAM) which is also called an activated methionine. SAM is a potent inhibitor of the cycloaxygenase enzyme which is important for the synthesis of biologically active prostanoids.

The results demonstrated that liver microsomes from rats fed the methionine-supplemented diet had a statistically significant ...


A Survey Of Health Risk Factors Among Tennessee Adolescents: Ninth And Twelfth Graders, Deborah Ann Fortune Aug 1988

A Survey Of Health Risk Factors Among Tennessee Adolescents: Ninth And Twelfth Graders, Deborah Ann Fortune

Doctoral Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to identify health risk factors for teens attending selected Tennessee public schools as either ninth or twelfth graders during the school year 1986-1987 and to provide baseline data for future school health education programs in Tennessee.

The data were collected using a computerized health risk appraisal questionnaire. The sample consisted of 1,348 ninth and twelfth grade students from seven selected Tennessee public schools across the state. Of the 1,348 students, 720 were ninth graders and 628 were twelfth graders. Descriptive statistics were used to obtain frequencies and percentages of the sample according ...


An Investigation Of Kindergarten Children’S Concepts Related To Reading In Emergent Literacy, Rhonda Aileen Smith Mannara Aug 1988

An Investigation Of Kindergarten Children’S Concepts Related To Reading In Emergent Literacy, Rhonda Aileen Smith Mannara

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the literacy concepts related to reading that children have acquired by the end of kindergarten. A secondary purpose was to examine the relationship between these concepts and reading comprehension ability as indicated by performance on a standardized reading achievement test.

The subjects of this study were twenty kindergarten children randomly selected from six heterogeneous classes totaling 122 students. The students were interviewed individually and administered Clay's (1979) Concepts About Print test (CAP) entitled "Stones." The semi-structured interview was given to each child to determine the child's understanding of the ...


A Relationship Between Vitamin B12, Folate, Ascorbic Acid, And Mercury Metabolism, Nancy Elizabeth Zorn Aug 1988

A Relationship Between Vitamin B12, Folate, Ascorbic Acid, And Mercury Metabolism, Nancy Elizabeth Zorn

Masters Theses

The effect of megadoses of vitamin B12, folate, and vitamin C on the in vivo methylation of mercuric chloride was studied in guinea pigs. The incorporation of high levels of vitamin B12, folate, and vitamin C resulted in a decrease in both inorganic mercury and methylmercury concentrations in all tissues except the lung and heart compared to controls. However, percent methylmercury levels tended to increase with vitamin treatments.

The addition of megadoses of vitamin B12 fed either singularly or in combination with the other vitamins resulted in increased methylmercury concentrations in the liver, spleen, and kidney tissues ...


The Ability Of Teachers Of Preschool Handicapped To Use Observational Behavioral Assessment Techniques In Assessing Social Skills, Stephen P. Barbus Aug 1988

The Ability Of Teachers Of Preschool Handicapped To Use Observational Behavioral Assessment Techniques In Assessing Social Skills, Stephen P. Barbus

Dissertations

Socially competent preschool children effectively use a variety of social skills, including initiating and maintaining interactions, using others as resources, expressing affection and hostility appropriately, and competing with, leading, and following peers. Children lacking these behaviors are at greater risk of interpersonal difficulties, delayed cognitive development, poor academic performance, school maladjustment, and mental health problems. Handicapped children are deficient in a variety of social skills. Before special education can provide effective intervention in requisite social skills it must establish accurate and reliable assessment techniques.

One such technique, behavioral assessment of social skills, uses several methods. Of these, observation in the ...


The Effectiveness Of Feedback Procedures On Machine Set-Up Time In A Manufacturing Setting, Connie J. Wittkopp Aug 1988

The Effectiveness Of Feedback Procedures On Machine Set-Up Time In A Manufacturing Setting, Connie J. Wittkopp

Dissertations

The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a treatment package designed to improve and maintain set-up time in the extrusion department of a rubber manufacturing company. Subjects were exposed to various behavioral techniques including training and a feedback system in the form of both written and verbal supervisory comments with an emphasis placed on improving performance through use of videotaping. An attempt was made to maintain treatment gains by teaching supervisors how to give information concerning set-up performance to their employees. Results indicate that average weekly set-up times for each machine were significantly below baseline ...


The Effect Of Self-Efficacy Training On The Willingness Of Preservice Teachers To Implement Social Skill Training In The Classroom, Linda J. Miller Aug 1988

The Effect Of Self-Efficacy Training On The Willingness Of Preservice Teachers To Implement Social Skill Training In The Classroom, Linda J. Miller

Dissertations

Self-efficacy is the belief that one can successfully perform a behavior, and is a cognitive process theorized to play an important role in the acquisition and retention of new behavior patterns. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effectiveness of utilizing self-efficacy training procedures to influence the performance of preservice teachers, specific to social skill instruction, in their directed teaching assignments.

A modified posttest only control group design was utilized to compare the performance of three groups: (1) a treatment group exposed to self-efficacy training procedures, (2) a treatment group exposed to social skill training content information, and ...


The Effects Of Using Print Media In Teaching Critical Thinking Skills To Adult Students, Gloria Jean Mccormick Aug 1988

The Effects Of Using Print Media In Teaching Critical Thinking Skills To Adult Students, Gloria Jean Mccormick

Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to investigate the effectiveness of an educational program in which print media were employed to teach critical thinking skills to adult education students. The major problem of this research was whether or not adult students, who lack a high school diploma, show greater improvement in critical thinking if they participate in a critical thinking skills program using print media, than if they do not. Adult education students in three suburban school districts of Macomb County, Michigan were the subjects of this study.

The methodology used in this study was a non-randomized control group, prettest-posttest ...