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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Chief Executive Officer Of Charter Management Organizations And Their Perspective On Instructional Leadership To Improve Student Achievement, Bryce Alan Geigle Jan 2019

The Chief Executive Officer Of Charter Management Organizations And Their Perspective On Instructional Leadership To Improve Student Achievement, Bryce Alan Geigle

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationship between academic emphasis and executive leadership from the perspective of a California charter management organization (CMO) chief executive officer (CEO). Executive leaders in California CMOs have a unique perspective that needs investigated. They experience educational leadership differently depending upon their individual backgrounds, educational experiences, and the families they serve. This study seeks to understand the experiences of a specific group of executive leaders and how they define academic emphasis in their CMO. The theoretical framework used to interpret the research findings was instructional leadership. The framework effectively built a lens ...


Family Child Care Providers' Perceptions Of Quality Of Training In The Early Head Start Program, Carmen Zuleyma Hercules Jan 2018

Family Child Care Providers' Perceptions Of Quality Of Training In The Early Head Start Program, Carmen Zuleyma Hercules

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

In order to give children quality child care, child care providers need appropriate training and coaching to develop effective teaching practices. Compared to center-based educators, family child care providers tend to have less education and training and offer fewer educational experiences. The purpose of this study was to investigate how family child care providers perceived the quality of Early Head Start training to support professional development, and to identify what professional areas and experiences or activities providers deemed crucial to their professional-development training. Bandura’s (1997) social-cognitive theory described the way people learn from each other, and identified four factors ...


Social And Emotional Effects Of A School Lottery On Gifted Adolescents: A Retrospective, Adrianne Michelle Go-Miller Jan 2018

Social And Emotional Effects Of A School Lottery On Gifted Adolescents: A Retrospective, Adrianne Michelle Go-Miller

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

Gifted adolescents who experienced a randomized lottery process to continue attending their school are the focus of this study. For more than 10 years, sixth-grade students at a Northern California school for gifted students have participated in a lottery process to continue attending their school for seventh and eighth grades. This study describes the reflections of nine lottery participants, and the social and emotional effects that a school lottery has on adolescents. The student perspectives were gained through in-person interviews and participants’ written impressions. Stress and anxiety were commonly endured by all participants. The study explores other effects such as ...


Elementary Teachers’ Perceptions Of Children Living In Conditions Of Poverty, Terri J. Robinson Jan 2018

Elementary Teachers’ Perceptions Of Children Living In Conditions Of Poverty, Terri J. Robinson

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

This study analyzed elementary teachers’ perceptions of their challenges working with children who live in conditions of poverty. This study found that teachers often work with children from very difficult situations, including exposure to alcohol, drugs, violence, and abandonment. This study found that no matter the challenges teachers encounter daily, they remain motivated, dedicated and determined to take the necessary steps to meet the needs of their students. One way they do this is by using Culturally Responsive Pedagogy, which attempts to include various aspects of their students’ daily lives and interests in the curriculum. The teachers in this study ...


Roles Of Parents’ Capitals In Children’S Educational Opportunities, Liping Pan Jan 2018

Roles Of Parents’ Capitals In Children’S Educational Opportunities, Liping Pan

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

Bourdieu, the French sociologist, proposed some significant concepts (e.g., habitus, capital and field) to help to explain how social agents play roles in social occurrences. Among his theories, Bourdieu’s trilogy of economic capital, social capital and cultural capital has now been used as a powerful theoretical framework to explain class reproduction and education equity. Over the past decades, his theories have begun to be introduced and recognized in Chinese academic world. And this research attempts to see whether this western theory works in the Chinese educational context.

Shanghai, one of the biggest cities in China, has a huge ...


Students And Faculty Indivisible: Crafting A Higher Education Culture Of Flourishing, Eileen K. Camfield Jan 2015

Students And Faculty Indivisible: Crafting A Higher Education Culture Of Flourishing, Eileen K. Camfield

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is comprised of three separate articles addressing related issues central to the culture and future of higher education. The questions that animate the investigations are: In what ways is writing self-efficacy forged in the learning relationships between student and instructor? In what ways, if any, do traditional assessment practices impact student development? In what ways, if any, does institutional culture shape faculty identity, and what is gained or lost in the process? These queries stem from concerns about possible disconnects between visions of higher education's potential and actual practices in the classroom. The dissertation uses grounded theory ...


First Language Instruction And Second Language Acquisition Among Spanish Speaking High School Students: A Case Study, Dolores Villarreal Del Barco Jan 1988

First Language Instruction And Second Language Acquisition Among Spanish Speaking High School Students: A Case Study, Dolores Villarreal Del Barco

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

This case-study had as its principal focus the applicability of James Cummins' theory of developmental interdependence in language acquisition to secondary age students. This theory postulates that, for younger children, the development and strengthening of the first language can ultimately lead to a more rapid and efficient acquisition of the second. The study set out to test the hypothesis that secondary age Limited English Proficient (LEP) students who receive Primary Language Arts instruction demonstrate higher levels of English acquisition than do comparable students who do not receive this instruction. The primary language of the students was Spanish. A quasi-experimental research ...


A Comparative Analysis Of Comprehension Questions In Three California State-Adopted Spanish And English Basal Readers, Ana Maria Bonilla Jan 1988

A Comparative Analysis Of Comprehension Questions In Three California State-Adopted Spanish And English Basal Readers, Ana Maria Bonilla

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to determine if there was a variation in the number of questions within a given taxonomy level between parallel Spanish and English basal readers at primary grade levels. A secondary purpose was to determine if questions in parallel Spanish and English series, that extended to fourth grade, facilitated the transition from the Spanish to the English reader. Specifically, the tasks to be accomplished in the study were: (1) to classify reading questions contained in California state-adopted parallel Spanish and English basal readers utilizing Barrett's Taxonomy, (2) to determine the number of questions ...


The Impact Of The "C" Average Policy On The Academic Achievement And Attendance Of Student-Athletes At Stagg High School Between 1981 And 1983, Jean Katherine Fitzgibbons Jan 1988

The Impact Of The "C" Average Policy On The Academic Achievement And Attendance Of Student-Athletes At Stagg High School Between 1981 And 1983, Jean Katherine Fitzgibbons

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of the "C" average rule on student achievement at Stagg High School, Stockton, California. This study particularly addressed the issue of whether there were significant differences between athletes' grade point averages (GPA) before implementation of the policy and after. In addition, the study included assessing differences in attendance patterns of the athletes. The 1981-82 school year was identified as the year prior to implementation of the "C" average-rule. The 1982-83 school year was considered the implementation year and, finally, the 1983-84 school year was identified as the year after the ...


The Effects Of Peer Administered Methods For Increasing Social Interaction Between Young Handicapped And Nonhandicapped Children, Marilyn Kathleen Errett Jan 1987

The Effects Of Peer Administered Methods For Increasing Social Interaction Between Young Handicapped And Nonhandicapped Children, Marilyn Kathleen Errett

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to compare the use of peer administered contingent reinforcement for social interaction with the use of play materials that facilitate interaction. The subsequent effects on the social interaction of mainstreamed preschool handicapped children with their nonhandicapped peers was examined. Three nonhandicapped kindergarten children were paired with three moderately mentally handicapped preschool children and trained to initiate play. A single-subject, alternating treatment design with a withdrawal phase was used to compare the effects of the two treatments. Generalization immediately following each treatment was also examined as was maintenance over time. Observers used an interval recording ...


Factors Contributing To Self-Esteem Structure In Males And Females, Jerry Steve Harris Jan 1987

Factors Contributing To Self-Esteem Structure In Males And Females, Jerry Steve Harris

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

The focus of this study was to test certain gender-related hypotheses regarding the relationships among personality traits as identified on the Personality Research Form (PRF) and self-esteem as measured by the Tennessee Self-Concept Scale (TSCS). The subjects who voluntarily participated in this research were 29 male and 96 female college students. The subjects were students in an Introductory Psychology course at a local community college and state university. A packet containing a short biographical questionnaire, the TSCS, the PRF, and an introductory letter was administered to and completed by each subject. A stastistical analysis of the data was accomplished with ...


Perceptions Of California Continuation High School Principals Of Effective Non-Classroom Actions In Combating Student Truancy, George Stephen Mathiesen Jan 1986

Perceptions Of California Continuation High School Principals Of Effective Non-Classroom Actions In Combating Student Truancy, George Stephen Mathiesen

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to gather and apply statistical treatments to measure the perceptions of California continuation high school principals relative to the effectiveness of various non-classroom actions in combating student truancy. This study was designed to develop a prioritized listing of non-classroom actions in combating student truancy and to determine if significant differences existed in perceptions of California continuation high school principals based upon respondents' school size as determined by the number of certificated staff members, sex, years of employment in education, years of experience in California continuation education, and years of employment as a California continuation ...


The Effect Of Kindergarten Nonpromotion Of The Developmentally Immature Child On Self-Concept, Peer Acceptance, Academic Attitude, Classroom Adjustment And Academic Achievement, Betty M. Carlson Mccarty Jan 1986

The Effect Of Kindergarten Nonpromotion Of The Developmentally Immature Child On Self-Concept, Peer Acceptance, Academic Attitude, Classroom Adjustment And Academic Achievement, Betty M. Carlson Mccarty

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a second year in kindergarten on the self-concept, peer acceptance, academic attitude, classroom adjustment, and academic achievement of children who were identified by their kindergarten teacher as developmentally unready for first grade.

The ex post facto study, which was conducted in a large school district in northern California, was unique in its longitudinal nature. Whereas other studies looked at subjects over a 2 or 3 year period, no other study was found that examined the effects of kindergarten nonpromotion over an 8 year span.

The sample comprised 63 pupils ...


Factors Relating To The Acquisition Of Computer Literacy And Computer Science Skills In California High Schools, Sarah Budinger Peterson Jan 1986

Factors Relating To The Acquisition Of Computer Literacy And Computer Science Skills In California High Schools, Sarah Budinger Peterson

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

Purpose. The purpose of this study was to identify factors that related to the acquisition of computer skills in California high schools. Procedures. The first part of the study was examination of data from a sample of 63 California schools: scores from computer skills tests, achievement tests, and other pertinent information. The second part was an in-depth study of four schools taken from the sample of 63 schools with high or low scores on computer skills tests. Case study methodology was used with the sample of the two high scoring and two low scoring schools to examine other factors that ...


A Comparative Survey Of Chicano And Anglo Community College Students, Jose Luis Hurtado Jan 1985

A Comparative Survey Of Chicano And Anglo Community College Students, Jose Luis Hurtado

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

Purpose. The purpose of the study was to examine the social and cultural characteristics of successful and unsuccessful Mexican American community college students and compare them to successful and unsuccessful Anglo American community college students. The goal of this study was to collect data on ten independent variables that consistently appeared in the review of literature and were suspected of affecting the success of Chicanos in the California College system. Procedures. The major research question of this study was exploratory in nature in that it looked at possible factors which might affect the success or failure of Chicano students. A ...


An Investigation Of The "Cume Assessment," An Instrument Designed To Measure Third Grade Children's Understanding Of Selected Cross-Cultural/Multicultural Concepts, Doni Kwolek Kobus Jan 1985

An Investigation Of The "Cume Assessment," An Instrument Designed To Measure Third Grade Children's Understanding Of Selected Cross-Cultural/Multicultural Concepts, Doni Kwolek Kobus

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

Purpose. The purpose of this study was to investigate an instrument, the Cross-cultural Understandings in Multicultural Education (CUME) Assessment, which was devised to measure third grade students' understandings of selected crosscultural/ multicultural concepts. These concepts were derived from a cultural anthropological perspective of human similarities and differences.

Procedures. The study examined the reliability and validity of the CUME Assessment, a multiple-choice, domain referenced test consisting of twenty-one items based on seven instructional objectives. Third grade students, whose teachers indicated on a Teacher Questionnaire having taught these objectives as a part of the formal curriculum, were assessed. Three instruments were administered ...


An Examination Of Sense Of Story In Proficient Bilingual, Partial Bilingual, And Monolingual Children As Evidenced In Stories Told In English, Kathleen Kenfield Jan 1985

An Examination Of Sense Of Story In Proficient Bilingual, Partial Bilingual, And Monolingual Children As Evidenced In Stories Told In English, Kathleen Kenfield

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to determine what differences, if any, existed among monolingual (English) children, partial bilingual (English-Spanish) children, and proficient bilingual (English-Spanish) children in the level of sophistication of their sense of story. Sense of story was defined as the degree to which one has internalized the features, conventions, and structures of the story genre. Sense of story was analyzed in three areas: structural complexity (number of words, number of T-units, mean length of T-units, number of characters, number of incidents), story convention usage (use of past tense, formal beginning, formal ending, use of quoted and described ...


A Comparison Of The Career Assessment Inventory And The Strong-Campbell Interest Inventory In A Minority, High School Drop-Out Sample, David Stanton Halferty Jan 1985

A Comparison Of The Career Assessment Inventory And The Strong-Campbell Interest Inventory In A Minority, High School Drop-Out Sample, David Stanton Halferty

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

Problem. The Strong-Campbell Interest Inventory (SCII), an inventory with some validity, was directed at the professionally oriented client. The Career Assessment Inventory (CAI) appeared in 1976 as an inventory normed on the non-professional, blue-collar worker, directed at the non-baccalaureate student. There had been little research on minority, non-college oriented youth. Purpose. The purpose of this study was to compare the predictive and concurrent validity of these two inventories for a drop-out, non-college oriented population. These inventories were compared for predictive validity to short-term occupational outcome, and for concurrent validity to Expressed Interest. Also, the distribution of interests across the six ...


Factors Influencing Post - High School Graduation Plans Of Students Enrolled In Food Service-Related Courses At California Regional Occupation Centers/Programs (Career Selection, Occupational Choice, Vocational), Faye Candace Stucy Johnson Jan 1984

Factors Influencing Post - High School Graduation Plans Of Students Enrolled In Food Service-Related Courses At California Regional Occupation Centers/Programs (Career Selection, Occupational Choice, Vocational), Faye Candace Stucy Johnson

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the degree of influence from various factors on a student's decision to enroll in a food service-related course and whether these factors were affected by post high school graduation plans.

Procedure: Sixty-nine percent of the Regional Occupational Centers/ Programs teachers and one section of students instructed by each teacher completed the survey instruments. The questionnaire items queried the respondents concerning demographic information as well as the degree of influence of various person- and job-related factors.

Findings and Conclusions: Results of this investigation revealed that the responding student population had a ...


Attitudes Of Retailers And College Educators Concerning Fashion Retail Internships (Merchandising, Cooperative Education, Employer Attitudes), Gwendolyn Cathers Sheldon Jan 1984

Attitudes Of Retailers And College Educators Concerning Fashion Retail Internships (Merchandising, Cooperative Education, Employer Attitudes), Gwendolyn Cathers Sheldon

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

Purpose: The purposes of this study were to: 1) provide information which will facilitate the development of meaningful and realistic internships for fashion merchandising students, 2) determine the degree of agreement between retailers and educators concerning internships, and 3) determine if different types of retailers have different attitudes toward internship experiences. Procedures: California four year college and university educators and retailers were surveyed. The questionnaire items concerned school characteristics influencing retailer participation in internship programs, intern selection criteria, coursework important for students to complete prior to internships, and activities that interns should experience during a retail internship. The responses analyzed ...


The Preschool Language-Cognitive Skills Assessment For Curriculum Entry Test: Predictive Validity In Relation To Academic School Achievement Of Early Grade Level Boys And Girls, Judy Basta-Brislain Jan 1984

The Preschool Language-Cognitive Skills Assessment For Curriculum Entry Test: Predictive Validity In Relation To Academic School Achievement Of Early Grade Level Boys And Girls, Judy Basta-Brislain

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

Purpose. The purpose of this study was to investigate the validity of the Preschool Language-Cognitive Skills Assessment for Curriculum Entry Test (PLACE) in predicting academic school achievement in the early school grades; 1, 2, 3, and 4. Procedure. The primary relationship which was important to this study was the relationship between scores attained on the Preschool Language-Cognitive Skills Assessment for Curriculum Entry Test and subsequent academic achievement in the early school grades; 1, 2, 3, and 4. This relationship was investigated through a comparison of scores attained on the Preschool Language-Cognitive Skills Assessment for Curriculum Entry Test and subsequent academic ...


Teacher Evaluation Process In Evangelical Christian Schools, John Alvin Farris Jan 1983

Teacher Evaluation Process In Evangelical Christian Schools, John Alvin Farris

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

The difficulty in developing an effective program of teacher evaluation is seen in the literature as stemming from the administrators' and teachers' different perspectives of evaluation. In this tenor the problem investigated four facets of an evaluation process: the need, purpose, procedure, and result of a teacher evaluation program found in evangelical Christian schools. The purpose was fourfold: To compare the responses of the experienced, Christian day-school teacher to those of the administrator of the Christian day-school as to the (1) need, (2) purpose, (3) procedure, and (4) result of an evaluation process found in their schools. The study was ...


The Relationship Between Bilingualism And Non-Verbal Creative Behavior Among Limited-English Proficient And Spanish-English Proficient Hispanic Girls Of Primary School Age (Cognitive Flexibility, Mexican), Pablo Andres Alvarez Jan 1983

The Relationship Between Bilingualism And Non-Verbal Creative Behavior Among Limited-English Proficient And Spanish-English Proficient Hispanic Girls Of Primary School Age (Cognitive Flexibility, Mexican), Pablo Andres Alvarez

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated and compared the non-verbal creative behavior of Spanish-English Proficient (SEP) and Limited-English Proficient (LEP) girls as measured by the figural form of the Torrance Test of Creative Thinking (TTCT); and examined the relationships of non-verbal creative thinking and selected home environment variables, as measured by the Index of Home Educational Environment (IEE). A sample of 31 LEP and 30 SEP students was selected from a total population of 140 girls. The selection of the sample was done in two stages. Girls who did not score within one standard deviation of the mean for each age group on ...


The Prediction Of University Residence Counselor Effectiveness Utilizing The Criterion Referenced Leaderless Group Interview, Rotter Internal/External Locus Of Control Scale And The California Psychological Inventory, Richard Edward Harkness Jan 1983

The Prediction Of University Residence Counselor Effectiveness Utilizing The Criterion Referenced Leaderless Group Interview, Rotter Internal/External Locus Of Control Scale And The California Psychological Inventory, Richard Edward Harkness

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

Methods of selecting and evaluating residence hall counselors were explored in this study. The Criterion Referenced Leaderless Group Interview (CRLGI) was defined as a selection technique and evaluated for its utility as a predictor of Residence Counselor effectiveness. In addition, the California Psychological Inventory (CPI) ad Rotter Internal/External Locus of Control Scale (LOC) were used as predictors of Residence Counselor effectiveness. The Harkness Assessment of Residence Counselors (HARC) was designed and subjected to psychometric reliability and validity studies. The HARC served as the criterion measure of Residence Counselor effectiveness. Seventy-two residence hall counselors at the University of the Pacific ...


The Match Of Style And Conceptual Level Of University Supervisors With Student Teachers In Relationship To Supervisor Effectiveness, Joyce Burton Shahzade Jan 1983

The Match Of Style And Conceptual Level Of University Supervisors With Student Teachers In Relationship To Supervisor Effectiveness, Joyce Burton Shahzade

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to investigate relationships that may exist between the supervisorial style and conceptual level of university supervisors and the student teachers supervised. The primary thrust of the investigation was an analysis of the match of style and conceptual level of supervisor and students. This analysis resulted in data concerning the influence of the match on supervisor effectiveness. The total population of the study included 187 student teachers and 37 supervisors at two university sites in California. Two instruments were administered to the participants at the beginning of the semester. One instrument was the Supervisorial Beliefs ...


Institutional Goal Priorities As Perceived By Campus Level Administrators At California Community Colleges, Dean Charles Colli Jan 1983

Institutional Goal Priorities As Perceived By Campus Level Administrators At California Community Colleges, Dean Charles Colli

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

Using data provided by administrators at California community colleges, campus level perceptions regarding institutional goals were analyzed with the purpose of studying the prospect of a statewide set of priorities. Two primary areas of inquiry were addressed: (1) Where do differences between administrators' ranking of present and preferred priorities suggest a need for change, and (2) are there differences in the ranking of priorities associated with particular institutional characteristics? Administrators of a representative sample of forty-seven California community colleges completed Educational Testing Service's Community College Goals Inventory. Participants ranked thirty goal areas in both the present and preferred dimension ...


The Effectiveness Of Supplementary Computer-Assisted Instruction In Reading At The 4-6 Grade Level (Four-Six), Lois Nentwich Ortmann Jan 1983

The Effectiveness Of Supplementary Computer-Assisted Instruction In Reading At The 4-6 Grade Level (Four-Six), Lois Nentwich Ortmann

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of supplementary computer-assisted instruction in raising the reading achievement of Chapter I pupils in grades 4, 5 and 6. There were 340 subjects in the sample, students in the Manteca Unified School District. Subjects were assigned to either the Experimental or Control Group based on their Reading Subtest scores on the Comprehensive Tests of Basic Skills.


A Study Of Catharsis (Abreaction, Emotional Discharge), In 4th, 5th, And 6th Grade Students, Drina Miriam Fried-Roberts Jan 1983

A Study Of Catharsis (Abreaction, Emotional Discharge), In 4th, 5th, And 6th Grade Students, Drina Miriam Fried-Roberts

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

Problem. Catharsis is becoming more widely talked about as a method to get rid of negative emotions, to gain increased achievement, social maturity, and emotional well being. The emphasis on affective education is one example. There have been few controlled studies testing the catharsis hypothesis directly. No formal research is available that uses (randomly chosen) young people as subjects in studying emotional discharge.

Purpose. The purpose of the study is to see whether elementary school students can accept training in this re-evaluation counseling mental health model. Comparisons of those who hear about the model are made with those who hear ...


Effects Of Parent Training Resource Specialist Inservice Upon Parent Participation During Iep Development, Sandie Lalack Nutter Jan 1983

Effects Of Parent Training Resource Specialist Inservice Upon Parent Participation During Iep Development, Sandie Lalack Nutter

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

PROBLEM: The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of direct and indirect parent training and of Resource Specialist inservice upon parents' participation during the IEP review meeting, parents' knowledge of the IEP process and parents' satisfaction with the IEP and IEP meeting.

PROCEDURE: Parents of 98 children being served in Resource Specialist Programs in one school district were observed during annual IEP review meetings. Parents were randomly assigned to one of six treatment groups. Six Resource Specialists volunteered to receive inservice and five others comprised the control group. Thirty-two parents participated in direct training conducted by the ...


Videotape Modeling Of Self-Disclosing Behavior In Counselor Trainees In Practicum Experiences, Manouchehr Moshggou Jan 1982

Videotape Modeling Of Self-Disclosing Behavior In Counselor Trainees In Practicum Experiences, Manouchehr Moshggou

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the effects of videotape modeling of self-disclosing behavior on counselor trainees. More specifically, the study was designed to determine whether an increased willingness to disclose one's attitudes and opinions in appropriate situations could be taught to counselor trainees as part of their training. The subjects were two groups of counselor trainees selected, not on a random basis, but on the basis of their availability from two different sections in the Counseling Practicum at Fresno State University. One group (the Experimental group, with l2 counselors) was provided self-disclosing training, and the other was not provided self-disclosing training ...