Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Theses/Dissertations

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication Year

Articles 1 - 30 of 2194

Full-Text Articles in Education

Along Divergent Paths: A Two-Part Thesis In Creative And Technical Writing, Angela C. Furtado-Rasmussen Jan 2008

Along Divergent Paths: A Two-Part Thesis In Creative And Technical Writing, Angela C. Furtado-Rasmussen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Due to the difference topics representing each co-major--Creative Writing and Rhetoric, Composition, and Professional Communications--this thesis is divided into two parts. Part I focuses on the creative writing portion of my thesis--the first half of my young adult fantasy novel. Part II focuses on my interests in visual communication and secondary education as fulfillment for the rhetoric portion of my master's degree in English.;Abstract Part I: Creative Writing Two magical books--one good, one evil--each concealed and protected until now.;It began 300 years ago in the secluded mountain town of Cennfhain. There, the battle between The Senchen and ...


Designing A Nutritional Packaging System For End Stage Renal Disease Patients On Hemodialysis To Maintain Their Diet And Health, Min Sun Lee Jan 2008

Designing A Nutritional Packaging System For End Stage Renal Disease Patients On Hemodialysis To Maintain Their Diet And Health, Min Sun Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

End Stage renal disease; or ESRD is a kidney disease that requires a strict dietary regimen in order to limit the life-threatening effects of a poor diet. This dietary regimen requires careful regulation of 8 essential nutrients: calories, proteins, sodium, phosphorous, calcium, potassium, vitamins, and minerals. This strict diet creates a number of complications in patients' lives, including malnutrition, fatigue, other diseases, and death.;The purpose of this study was to develop an appropriate packaging system that provided nutritional information, was appetizing, and focused on the cognitive, affective, and emotional dietary needs of ESRD patients.;The design research for this ...


Gender And Book Clubs In The Middle School Setting, Amanda Jayne Forsyth Jan 2008

Gender And Book Clubs In The Middle School Setting, Amanda Jayne Forsyth

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the influence of gender in designing and implementing book clubs at the middle school level. Several secondary questions address this concern. These include which gender dominates and/or supports the discussion, how gender influences book selection, how each gender enjoys reading and discussing books in varied gender groupings, and how gender influences the level of textual analysis enacted in discussion. This study used both quantitative and qualitative data. The following recommendation was made as a result of the study: Middle school students should be offered both mixed-gender and same-gender book clubs. This recommendation was based on the ...


Effects Of Multimedia Instructional Material On Students' Learning And Their Perceptions Of The Instruction, Laura Gabriela Yamauchi Jan 2008

Effects Of Multimedia Instructional Material On Students' Learning And Their Perceptions Of The Instruction, Laura Gabriela Yamauchi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The present study examined the effects of multimedia instructional material on students' learning and their perceptions of the instruction. A between-group quasi-experimental study design was used for the purpose of this study. One hundred eleven students enrolled in a Quantity Food Production laboratory class in two different semesters were designated to either the control or experimental group. Both groups received traditional instructor-led orientation sessions about table service and beverage preparation procedures. However, the experimental group was only allowed to access new instructional materials presented on DVD. A set of pretest and posttest was used to collect data. Test gain scores ...


Pregnant And Parenting Teens' Attitudes Toward Pregnancy And Motherhood And Their Perceptions Of Social Support, Cindy Ngoc Vo Jan 2008

Pregnant And Parenting Teens' Attitudes Toward Pregnancy And Motherhood And Their Perceptions Of Social Support, Cindy Ngoc Vo

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the social support network of pregnant (n=10) and parenting (n=22) teens recruited through local agencies. The support network was viewed both as support and as an agent of stress to adolescents. The pregnant and parenting teens' perceptions of motherhood and their attitudes toward being a parent were also studied. The teens had a variety of support types and support sources, but the two groups did not differ in those types and sources. They preferred support from boyfriend and mother over other sources and both groups had similar expectations and beliefs about motherhood and social support ...


Young Adult Attitudes Regarding Individuals With Disabilities: A Post-Intervention Comparison Of High School Graduates, Kendra Kay Naef Jan 2008

Young Adult Attitudes Regarding Individuals With Disabilities: A Post-Intervention Comparison Of High School Graduates, Kendra Kay Naef

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study utilized an experimental research design to investigate the differences in long-term attitudes towards individuals with disabilities among young adults who had participated in an intervention program designed to develop positive academic and social relationships among students with and without disabilities, and young adults who had not. The Interaction with Disabled Persons Scale was employed to determine if the primary independent variable (P.A.R.T.N.E.R.S. Program) produced more favorable attitudes among participants. After scores from both groups were obtained, central tendency comparisons of the dependent variable were made and inferential statistics t -test analysis ...


Leading Change: The Role Of The Principal Leading School Improvement Through Implementation Of The Iowa Professional Development Model, Pamela Armstrong-Vogel Jan 2008

Leading Change: The Role Of The Principal Leading School Improvement Through Implementation Of The Iowa Professional Development Model, Pamela Armstrong-Vogel

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In 2004, all accredited public schools in Iowa enacted a research-based program to increase student achievement. The Iowa Professional Development Model has outlined a sequence of steps that those in schools should follow. The purpose of this qualitative case study was to discover and understand the behaviors and practices of one school principal in a high-implementation school as he worked with a staff using the Model. Understanding how a principal led staff as the Model was implemented should help to inform others regarding the development of capacity and new knowledge and skills that are needed by those in schools.;Data ...


The Study Of The Impact Of The M.S. In Agronomy Distance Education Program On Student Careers, Jesse Duane Drew Jan 2008

The Study Of The Impact Of The M.S. In Agronomy Distance Education Program On Student Careers, Jesse Duane Drew

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research study was to examine whether the Master of Science in Agronomy Distance Education Program at Iowa State University has had an impact on students' career mobility and economic status. Lifelong learning opportunities for agricultural professionals, like a majority of other field professional are growing exponentially. During the 2004 fall semester, 53 participants in the Master of Science in Agronomy Distance Education Program were given the Distance Education Impact Assessment Survey (DEIAS). Additional knowledge and training for adult students is essential for career advancement, and this research project intends to demonstrate how a Master of Science ...


Uncertainty And Evolution: Contributions To Identity Development For Female College Students Who Identify As Multiracial/Biracial-Bisexual/Pansexual, Alissa Renee King Jan 2008

Uncertainty And Evolution: Contributions To Identity Development For Female College Students Who Identify As Multiracial/Biracial-Bisexual/Pansexual, Alissa Renee King

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In this study, I explored how female college students who identify as multiracial/biracial-bisexual/pansexual made meaning of their racial and sexual identities, how they described their identity development process, and the ways in which college contributed to their identity formation. Utilizing a proposed model of biracial-bisexual identity development and the ecology of student development model as foundations for this study, I sought to better understand the experiences both before and during college, and the impacts of those two environments on the processes of racial and sexual identity formation for the female college students in this study. Findings, based on ...


Identity Preservation & Traceability: The State Of The Art - From A Grain Perspective (Status Of Agricultural Quality Systems / Traceability / Certification Systems), Gregory Scott Bennet Jan 2008

Identity Preservation & Traceability: The State Of The Art - From A Grain Perspective (Status Of Agricultural Quality Systems / Traceability / Certification Systems), Gregory Scott Bennet

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A descriptive paper on the state of identity preservation and traceability (IPT) as it relates domestically and internationally to food safety and economics. While not exhaustive, it is illustrative of trends. Identity preservation and traceability (IPT) are not new concepts; however, the growth of public and business interest and concerns regarding them has grown tremendously during the past decade due to many events, which has resulted in these concepts joining together within a single concept (with the same title). This paper, while attempting to be thorough, will highlight the major systems of IPT from a US business perspective. Before and ...


Analysis Of Policy And Educational Approaches Within The Seattle Recycling Program, Ryan Joel Six Jan 2008

Analysis Of Policy And Educational Approaches Within The Seattle Recycling Program, Ryan Joel Six

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study aims to deepen our understanding of the policy and educational approaches within the Seattle, Washington residential recycling program. Through an analysis of Seattle's policy approaches and the role of education, this study makes recommendations for both its improvement and other communities looking to bolster and or implement their own recycling program. To guide the recommendations, it was necessary to find how a recycling program can target a broad audience to create more awareness and reach those in the community that have not been involved. Straughan (1999) noted that the success of a community's' recycling program relies ...


Effects Of Computer Self-Efficacy And Spatial Visualization Ability On Student Perceptions Of 2d/3d Cad Virtual Prototype Simulations For Apparel Design, Sandra Stewart Jan 2008

Effects Of Computer Self-Efficacy And Spatial Visualization Ability On Student Perceptions Of 2d/3d Cad Virtual Prototype Simulations For Apparel Design, Sandra Stewart

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The ability to visualize three-dimensional (3D) forms from two-dimensional (2D) shapes is critical to apparel designers. While most designers still use traditional techniques to analyze a 3D sample, advances in CAD for apparel design include use of 3D virtual prototypes assembled from 2D pattern data. Textiles and clothing research has examined both 2D CAD and student spatial visualization ability, but no studies compare spatial visualization ability with 3D virtual prototype use in the classroom. Other fields of research have found that a person's computer self-efficacy (CSE) can influence acceptance of a new technology and that spatial visualization ability can ...


Implementing The Science Writing Heuristic Laboratory Report Format In The Undergraduate Organic Chemistry Laboratory, Jacob Daniel Schroeder Jan 2008

Implementing The Science Writing Heuristic Laboratory Report Format In The Undergraduate Organic Chemistry Laboratory, Jacob Daniel Schroeder

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation describes how a traditional organic chemistry laboratory was reformed into a guided inquiry laboratory. Data presented illustrate the lack of correlation between the traditional laboratory and the corresponding lecture. After reforming the laboratory, student scores on lecture exams increased, specifically on exam questions directly related to concepts introduced in the laboratory. This dissertation covers work completed over the course of four years and includes the new laboratory manual, instructor notes for each new experiment, as well as a laboratory practical exam.


Process And Impact Evaluation Of The Verb Summer Scorecard Program, Travis William Hartke Jan 2008

Process And Impact Evaluation Of The Verb Summer Scorecard Program, Travis William Hartke

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There is currently a considerable public health concern about levels of inactivity in youth. This type of information has led to many state and national initiatives aimed at promoting physical activity, such as the VERB Summer Scorecard Program in Story County, Iowa where tweens (children ages 8 to 13) can complete a VERB Scorecard of physical activity by going to physically active activities and deals at businesses in the community with the outcome of earning prizes. The purpose of the study was to determine factors that influence interest and involvement in the VERB summer scorecard program. To do this, a ...


The Role Of Recasts In The Interactions Of Native-Speakers Of English With Korean English Language Learners, Hyunjung Lee Jan 2008

The Role Of Recasts In The Interactions Of Native-Speakers Of English With Korean English Language Learners, Hyunjung Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study partially replicates that of Braidi (2002). Like the original, it investigates occurrences and use of recasts, that is, reformulations of incorrect utterances, in relation to the number of grammatical errors in conversations of NSEs (Native Speakers of English) and NNSEs (Nonnative Speakers of English) and examines whether different types of tasks can affect the occurrences and use of recasts. In contrast to many previous studies, I examine here the occurrences of recasts in non-instructional interactions between NSEs and NNSEs.;Five dyads of American teaching assistants and Korean graduate students at Iowa State University participated in performing two different ...


Toward A Humor-Enhanced Classroom, Joseph Patrick Bartolotta Jan 2008

Toward A Humor-Enhanced Classroom, Joseph Patrick Bartolotta

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The inclusion of humor in public discourse has become more prevalent in recent years. While some teachers have worked to include humor in their classrooms, they often fall short of realizing the full potential of humor as a tool for reflection. This thesis examines the mechanisms of humor, beginning with ancient Greek and Roman philosophy and rhetorical considerations of humor through enlightenment and modern-era theories of humor. Ultimately, the text identifies how philosophical hermeneutics, as considered by Hans-Georg Gadamer, can illuminate the reflective qualities of humor. The thesis then imagines a unit in a foundation-level composition course which utilizes humor ...


An Exploratory Study Of Computer Assisted Language Learning (Call) Glosses And Traditional Glosses On Incidental Vocabulary Learning And Spanish Literature Reading Comprehension, Thomas Michael Lage Jan 2008

An Exploratory Study Of Computer Assisted Language Learning (Call) Glosses And Traditional Glosses On Incidental Vocabulary Learning And Spanish Literature Reading Comprehension, Thomas Michael Lage

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The following is an exploratory study investigating the difference in the incidental vocabulary learning (or recall) of Spanish vocabulary while reading for comprehension. A secondary area of investigation is the influence of learner characteristics on gloss access. High-intermediate/low-advanced Spanish students from two sections of the same Spanish course at an American university participated in this study. One group of participants was provided traditional English marginal glosses to the left of the reading while the second group of students was provided with computer-assisted language learning (CALL) glosses. The participants took three constructed response vocabulary post-tests in the following three weeks ...


Teaching Electricity In Elementary, Middle And High School: Some Real Life Examples, Beth Marie Zavala Jan 2008

Teaching Electricity In Elementary, Middle And High School: Some Real Life Examples, Beth Marie Zavala

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The teaching of electricity is described by six teachers at the K-12 grade levels. Their understanding of electricity concepts and their methods of instruction are explored. A list of research based best practices is used to analyze the methods of instruction used by the participants. Recommendations are suggested for the improvement of teaching electricity at the K-12 grade levels.


Families, Motivation, And Reading: Pre-Adolescent Students And Their Reading Motivation And Family Reading Habits, Jill L. Janes Jan 2008

Families, Motivation, And Reading: Pre-Adolescent Students And Their Reading Motivation And Family Reading Habits, Jill L. Janes

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Research indicates that reading motivation declines as elementary students grow older. This reading motivation is multi-faceted with a variety of influences. Additional research indicates that when families are involved with students' reading as well as with school activities, students can reap positive academic benefits. Involving families in reading, however, declines as students progress to the upper elementary and pre-adolescent years. There is a lack of research concerning family involvement in reading with pre-adolescent students, particularly in regard to the effect of family involvement on reading motivation.;The purpose of this study was to determine the reading motivation and family reading ...


Composition 2.0: Rethinking Web Literacy For The Twenty-First Century Classroom, Matthew Edward Morain Jan 2008

Composition 2.0: Rethinking Web Literacy For The Twenty-First Century Classroom, Matthew Edward Morain

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This thesis argues for an updated pedagogy of Web literacy in the first-year college composition classroom in light of radical changes to the Web, or what we have come to know as Web 2.0.


The Effect Of Error Codes On Second Language Writing, Mike Gilligan Jan 2008

The Effect Of Error Codes On Second Language Writing, Mike Gilligan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study focused on the ability of ESL students to revise their grammatical errors and produce more accurate writing in the future based on error codes. As the researcher, I analyzed the writing over time of four different students who received error codes. I examined three error types for three of the subjects, and two errors types for the fourth subject. The error types included verb errors, preposition errors, determiner errors and plural/singular confusion errors. I analyzed these errors to determine the correction ability and accuracy on future writing of the students.;The subjects were 4 males, two from ...


Bringing Ecocomposition To A Multimodal Composition Course: Critical Literacy And Place At Work In English 250, Londie Theresa Martin Jan 2008

Bringing Ecocomposition To A Multimodal Composition Course: Critical Literacy And Place At Work In English 250, Londie Theresa Martin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to explore how the interaction between ecocomposition and (eco)feminist pedagogy can create generative spaces for critical literacies and reflexive thinking in the multimodal composition classroom. A review of scholarship in ecocomposition praxis reveals a need for further inquiry into ecocomposition as a multimodal experience. This research study seeks to better understand how ecocomposition and multimodal communication can encourage the acquisition of critical literacy in foundational composition courses by examining student work on two communication assignments: a personal narrative essay about a meaningful place and a multimodal documentary photo essay about a local place ...


Educational Outcomes Of Children With Absent-Fathers: An Examination Of Children With Deceased Fathers And Children With Fathers Absent For Other Reasons Compared With Children With Fathers Present In A Two-Parent Home, Brandie Marie Ward Jan 2008

Educational Outcomes Of Children With Absent-Fathers: An Examination Of Children With Deceased Fathers And Children With Fathers Absent For Other Reasons Compared With Children With Fathers Present In A Two-Parent Home, Brandie Marie Ward

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Educational outcomes for children with fathers absent due to death and those absent for other reasons were examined with children from two-parent homes using the Adolescent Health data. Children without fathers for any reason completed a year less of school than children living with two parents. Children with deceased fathers and children with fathers absent for other reasons did not differ in the amount of education each completed. There was no association between the child's age when the father died and the amount of education completed, but there was a small relationship between the length of time a child ...


Strategies Used By Secondary Spanish Teachers In Heritage Language Student Classrooms, Tracie Korbitz Chandrasekaran Jan 2008

Strategies Used By Secondary Spanish Teachers In Heritage Language Student Classrooms, Tracie Korbitz Chandrasekaran

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Heritage language speakers (HLS) in Iowa have increased annually in recent years due to the growing number of immigrants moving into the state. According to the English Language Learners Report of 2001, English language learners of Hispanic descent have increased by 636.3% between the school years of 1985-1986 and 2006-2007 (Iowa State Board of Education, 2007, p. 64).;Although some educators and members of the public might view HLS in public schools as problematic because of their need for English as a second language (ESL) classes, these unique learners can also be viewed as an asset. HLS possess knowledge ...


Context Visuals In L2 Listening Tests: The Effectiveness Of Photographs And Video Vs. Audio-Only Format, Ruslan S. Suvorov Jan 2008

Context Visuals In L2 Listening Tests: The Effectiveness Of Photographs And Video Vs. Audio-Only Format, Ruslan S. Suvorov

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Although visual support in the form of pictures and video has been widely used in language teaching, there appears to be a dearth of research on the role of visual aids in L2 listening tests (Buck, 2000; Ockey, 2007) and the absence of sound theoretical perspectives on this issue (Ginther, 2001; Gruba, 1999). The existing studies of the role of visual support in L2 listening tests yielded inconclusive results. While some studies showed that visuals can improve test-takers' performance on L2 listening tests (e.g., Ginther, 2002), others revealed no facilitative effect of visuals on listening comprehension of test-takers (e ...


Exploring The Congruence Of Ethnic Minority Millennial Students' Transition To College, Social Identity And Community, And Online Social Network Services, Rex Heer Jan 2008

Exploring The Congruence Of Ethnic Minority Millennial Students' Transition To College, Social Identity And Community, And Online Social Network Services, Rex Heer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Students who are transitioning from high school to college are faced with separating from family, friends, and a familiar environment---and adjusting to new physical, social, and academic environments, and increased freedom as well as responsibilities. As a result of pre-college experiences, some individuals have been preconditioned for the social and academic aspects of the transition to college; while others (e.g., first-generation college students, socioeconomically disadvantaged, ethnic minorities, etc.) are more likely to be less prepared, face more unknowns, and confront wider social and academic transitional gaps.;This thesis includes a literature review that covers (a) theory related to the ...


Culture, Context, And Communication: Developing A Culturally Sensitive Curriculum In Graphic Design Education, Renee J. Meyer Jan 2008

Culture, Context, And Communication: Developing A Culturally Sensitive Curriculum In Graphic Design Education, Renee J. Meyer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Living in the fast-paced and ever-changing corporate world of today, it has become very easy for society---including designers themselves---to forget or confuse the identity and intrinsic cultural value of the graphic designer. Flaws such as these do not just suffocate the credibility of designers, but ultimately put the cultures they represent through visual artifacts in a very fragile position. As graphic designers, we are significantly responsible for interpreting and reinterpreting these cultural messages into visual vernaculars suitable for specific target audiences. This research explores how graphic design educators can improve and maintain the designer's integrity through social, cultural, and ...


An Exploratory Study Of Language And Nonlanguage Factors Affecting Nonnative Undergraduate Students' Reaction To International Teaching Assistants, Edna De Freitas Lima Jan 2008

An Exploratory Study Of Language And Nonlanguage Factors Affecting Nonnative Undergraduate Students' Reaction To International Teaching Assistants, Edna De Freitas Lima

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigates whether language and nonlanguage factors affect international undergraduates' perceptions of international teaching assistants (ITAs). Fifty-five students enrolled in first-year composition classes listened to a short lecture under one of three guises related to nationality of the speaker and rated the lecture and the speaker based on eight response variables. Results indicate that the information provided to participants about the nationality of the speaker did not influence their perception of both lecture and speaker. However, when participants' variables were analyzed, statistically significant results were found for two response variables: accent and speaker likeability. The results for accent indicate ...


The Impact Of Flexible Grouping On Reading Achievement For Sixth Grade Students, Jill Marie Reisner Jan 2008

The Impact Of Flexible Grouping On Reading Achievement For Sixth Grade Students, Jill Marie Reisner

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A quantitative case study at a three-section Midwestern elementary school examined a current flexible grouping method, with increased numbers of teachers, being implemented in sixth grade classrooms versus the traditional whole group instruction. Using Iowa Test of Basic Skills (ITBS) data, the research analyzed if flexible grouping can significantly increase reading achievement in sixth grade students. The research compared the means of sixth grade students national percentile rank (NPR) of the participating students in the area of reading, on their fifth grade ITBS test to their NPR on their sixth grade ITBS test. Results suggest there was no significant growth ...


Aporia-Triggered Knowledge Construction: The Use Of Interviews And A Focus Group To Further Assess Science Writing Heuristic Impact On Participating Teachers, Ryan Robert Kelly Jan 2008

Aporia-Triggered Knowledge Construction: The Use Of Interviews And A Focus Group To Further Assess Science Writing Heuristic Impact On Participating Teachers, Ryan Robert Kelly

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study stems from an examination of writing samples generated by the Science Writing Heuristic (SWH)---a multi-year longitudinal study that employs a teaching methodology meant to investigate the impact of connecting science learning with literacy---with additional insight generated by discourse analysis of teacher interviews and a focus group.;Among this study's goals are the investigation of the role of these writing samples within the practice of education, the use of writing as vehicle for the construction of knowledge, and the role of these samples within the larger SWH. More specifically, this study hopes to unlock connections between its ...