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Full-Text Articles in Education

A Report Of An Internship In Central Office Administration In The Forest Hills Public Schools, Joyce M. Newhouse Dec 1981

A Report Of An Internship In Central Office Administration In The Forest Hills Public Schools, Joyce M. Newhouse

Master's Theses

This is a report of an internship experience in central office administration. It is a study of the Forest Hills School District, Grand Rapids, Michigan, following a millage defeat, and depicts the central office administrators as they accept the challenges thrust upon them. It is an analysis of the roles and responsibilities inherent in the positions of the superintendency and assistant superintendencies of business, instruction and personnel as they emerged during a crisis period. The information is presented from the vantage point of the administrative intern who functioned as an additional staff member.


Schedule Effects And Interim Activities In Two Retarded Subjects, Raymond G. Miltenberger Dec 1981

Schedule Effects And Interim Activities In Two Retarded Subjects, Raymond G. Miltenberger

Master's Theses

Fixed interval (FI), fixed time (FT), and fixed ratio (FR) schedules of reinforcement were implemented with two retarded subjects and the effects on operant responding and interim activities were evaluated. One subject responded under FI 1 min, multiple FI 1 min, and multiple FI 1 min extinction schedules. Three interim activities were observed to occur under each schedule. The second subject responded under FI 1 min, FI 3 min, FR 20, FR 25, FR 35, multimple FR 35, FT 1 min, and multiple FR 35 extinction schedules. Two interim activities occured, primarily in the FI and FR schedules. Both subjects ...


A Report Of An Internship In The Kalamazoo Police Department, Roy C. Aslanian Dec 1981

A Report Of An Internship In The Kalamazoo Police Department, Roy C. Aslanian

Master's Theses

The modern police or law enforcement agency in America has evolved into a highly sophisticated organization in terms of technology > quality of personnel, organizational and managerial methods, procedures, and tasks performed. It is recognized that in order to adequately perform its public mission, law enforcement agencies must be politically sensitive, and publicly responsive, be able to manage its resources to a high degree of cost effectiveness, and select, train, and retain police officers who are professionally competent. Police administrators and supervisors are continually confronted with the problem of how to best develop a quality police officer in a short period ...


The Design And Development Of An Instructional Package On How To Locate Information In A Textbook, Steven P. Ragotzy Dec 1981

The Design And Development Of An Instructional Package On How To Locate Information In A Textbook, Steven P. Ragotzy

Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to design, develop and test the effectiveness of an instructional package on how to locate information in a textbook. The package contained worksheet activities on the use of the table of contents, index, and headings and sub-headings of a book. After the package was developed, its effectiveness on students' academic performance was assessed. The students' performance was assessed in two different ways — sample questions, or probes at different points of the program and classroom quiz results. The first experiment showed that the package was effective in teaching the skills of using the table of ...


A Report Of An Internship Experience At Three Rivers Community Schools, Robert E. Sickles Dec 1981

A Report Of An Internship Experience At Three Rivers Community Schools, Robert E. Sickles

Master's Theses

This report describes an internship experience completed in the central administrative offices at Three Rivers Community Schools, Three Rivers, Michigan, during the summer of 1981.

The purpose of the internship was to enrich the intern's experience and understanding of the role and responsibilities of an assistant superintendent. To accomplish this, the intern was actively involved in the daily activities of the assistant superintendent. Valuable practical experiences were acquired by placing special emphasis on the areas of negotiations, employer-employee relations; employee selection and evaluation; and preparing a school system to be staffed and physically ready for a new School year ...


A Diagnostic-Teaching Investigation Of The Feasibility Of Using The Hutchings' “Low-Stress" Algorithm For Addition Skill Development In Trainable Mentally Impaired Pupils, Joann Bankston Mckay Dec 1981

A Diagnostic-Teaching Investigation Of The Feasibility Of Using The Hutchings' “Low-Stress" Algorithm For Addition Skill Development In Trainable Mentally Impaired Pupils, Joann Bankston Mckay

Master's Theses

The feasibility of using the Hutchings' "Low-Stress" algorithm for the development of addition skills in trainable mentally impaired pupils was investigated in this exploratory diagnostic study. The four subjects were identified as trainable mentally impaired pupils (IQ 44-63), three females and one male, between eighteen and twenty years of age. Results indicate increased power with counting and numeral recognition. Results from "Low-Stress" training phases indicate an increasing trend in binary accuracy and rate. Diagnosis of error patterns resulted in adjustments in teaching strategies. Results support the feasibility of "Low-Stress" algorithm for addition skill development in trainable mentally impaired pupils with ...


A Report Of An Internship In The Buchanan Community Schools Buchanan, Michigan, Gloria M. Vanderbeck Aug 1981

A Report Of An Internship In The Buchanan Community Schools Buchanan, Michigan, Gloria M. Vanderbeck

Master's Theses

The purpose of this paper is to describe a six-week internship completed with the Buchanan Community schools during which the intern engaged in a variety of administrative activities.

Chapter I contains the rationale for the selection of the Buchanan Community Schools, a brief description of the school system, background information on the Buchanan Community Schools and the City of Buchanan, and the prospectus which structured the experience.

Chapter II describes the experiences during the internship which involve administrative tasks, budget preparation, and procedures.

Chapter III summarizes and evaluates the six weeks internship and recommendations for future internships.


Career Exploration At The Calhoun Area Vocational Center, David Johnson Aug 1981

Career Exploration At The Calhoun Area Vocational Center, David Johnson

Master's Theses

This project report records the internship experience as Administrative Assistant at the Calhoun Area Vocational Center in Battle Creek, Michigan. Chapter I is the background of the internship. The plan for the internship is found in the prospectus in Chapter II. The log for the internship is recorded in Appendix A which describes the leadership skills experienced in planning, organizing, controlling and evaluating. The achievement of objectives is described in Chapter III. Chapter IV are the conclusions and recommendations.


Development And Implementation Of An Outlining Preskills Program Utilizing A Multiple-Probe Design, Patricia Ellen Bird Aug 1981

Development And Implementation Of An Outlining Preskills Program Utilizing A Multiple-Probe Design, Patricia Ellen Bird

Master's Theses

This project proposed to develop, implement and validate an outlining preskills program utilizing a multiple-probe design (Horner & Baer 1978). The critical entry skills for any recording system (Carnine & Silbert, 1979) include: Determining the topic, main idea and supporting details of a paragraph. These skills and how to identify each in an outline were presented in the Outlining Preskills Program developed by the researcher. Measurement was taken on student responses to nine probes which tested every component and subskill presented in the program. For each component, student performance increased from a zero baseline to 50 percent or better accuracy during either ...


The Resistance To Temptation Paradigm With Modeling - A Review, Lorre Patricia Berger Aug 1981

The Resistance To Temptation Paradigm With Modeling - A Review, Lorre Patricia Berger

Master's Theses

The resistance to temptation paradigm and modeling literature was reviewed to evaluate imitation effectiveness as an instructional method. Varied interventions used in conjunction with modeling were: rehearsal of rule following behavior; consequences to the model; reinforced and nonreinforced interaction; alternative, attractive and available tasks; and rationales for temptation. The past experimental results of these interventions used with modeling have been diverse. All temptation research utilized the forbidden toy or movie procedures as the tempting situation, while most allowed the subjects to engage in toy play or a film editing task. Imitation proved to be effective in teaching resistance to children ...


Reduction Of Aggressive Behavior Of A Preschool Child Using Extinction And Teacher Attention Procedures, Greg Randle Aug 1981

Reduction Of Aggressive Behavior Of A Preschool Child Using Extinction And Teacher Attention Procedures, Greg Randle

Master's Theses

The subject was a 2 and a half-year-old male who engaged in a high rate of aggressive behavior that appeared to be maintained by teacher reprimands and physical contact. An extinction procedure in which all aggressive behavior directed toward peers was ignored was used in conjunction with teacher attention directed to the victim. Teacher attention was also used to positively reinforce the subject for interaction with peers. These procedures reduced the subject's aggressive behavior to a much lower rate. Although the subject's undesirable behavior was modified, a questionnaire responded to by the teachers indicated the need for open ...


Parental Involvement In Education: Issues And Procedures, Nancy Jane Nelson Aug 1981

Parental Involvement In Education: Issues And Procedures, Nancy Jane Nelson

Master's Theses

The topics that will be covered in this review of the literature will include parents' reactions upon discovering their sons or daughters are handicapped, needs of parents with handicapped children, the importance of parental involvement, and parent training. The sources used in this review are from published literature and from previous research bearing on the topic. The central thesis of the paper is the importance of involving parents in the education of their handicapped children. Prior to such involvement parental reactions need to be resolved and specific parental needs met. The major conclusion drawn is that parent training is a ...


A Diagnostic Teaching Analysis Of The Feasibility Of Teaching Trainable Mentally Impaired Students Hutchings’ Low-Stress Addition Algorithm, Marsha K. Markle Aug 1981

A Diagnostic Teaching Analysis Of The Feasibility Of Teaching Trainable Mentally Impaired Students Hutchings’ Low-Stress Addition Algorithm, Marsha K. Markle

Master's Theses

This study attempted to determine the feasibility of teaching trainable mentally impaired subjects Hutchings' low-stress addition algorithm. It was a non-experimental study of acquisition using diagnostic teaching techniques. Three trainable mentally impaired subjects participated in training. No subjects knew basic addition facts, so use of a number line was substituted. Training was divided into four steps: a) use of the DOOF for a single binary; b) notation; c) adding two binaries in one column; and d) adding binaries in two columns. Tests were scored immediately, error patterns diagnosed and program modifications implemented. All subjects acquired skill for the first three ...


Improving Instructional Skills Of Special Education Teachers Using A Group Training Package, R. Thomas Arkwright Jr. Apr 1981

Improving Instructional Skills Of Special Education Teachers Using A Group Training Package, R. Thomas Arkwright Jr.

Master's Theses

The objective of the present study was to develop and evaluate a training package which facilitates instructional skills of special education teachers in a practical, cost-efficient manner. After pretraining sessions of staggered baseline lengths, each teacher received sample program forms with written instructions and concise training on usage. As session performance stabilized, three teachers were taught specific performance feedback competencies and began giving verbal feedback during four other teachers' instructional sessions in a multiple-baseline across behaviors design. In addition to instructional competencies,generalization and maintenance effects were also assessed. Results indicate: 1) general training and program materials improved the instructional ...


Addressing Community Awareness Of Self-Help Groups, David Glenn Anderson Apr 1981

Addressing Community Awareness Of Self-Help Groups, David Glenn Anderson

Master's Theses

A directory of self-help organizations in Vermilion County, Illinois, was developed as a project to complete the requirements of the Specialist in Education degree through the Department of Education Leadership at Western Michigan University. The intern's training placement was with the Vermilion County Community 708 Mental Health Board, a mental health funding agency.

It was determined that the majority of self-help groups in Vermilion County were not listed in any existing directory and that a directory of self-help groups was needed. A self-help group directory was completed and a spring conference co-sponsored by his Vermilion County Council of Social ...


Business Office Internship, Kathryn S. Weeden Apr 1981

Business Office Internship, Kathryn S. Weeden

Master's Theses

Successful operation of a school district depends upon the functions of the business office. This internship at Grand Rapids Public Schools under the supervision of Dr. James Gallagher, Executive Deputy Superintendent of Business Affairs, involved experiences in the school business areas of accounting, data processing, investments, funding, payroll, and purchasing. Knowledge of school business functions will provide the author with the awareness she needs when she attains her career goal working in central office administration, preferably as a curriculum and instruction specialist.

In addition to an introduction this report is divided into four sections which discuss the site and the ...


Verbal And Non-Verbal Curricula For Teaching Color Names To Preschool Children, Cynthia A. Wagner Apr 1981

Verbal And Non-Verbal Curricula For Teaching Color Names To Preschool Children, Cynthia A. Wagner

Master's Theses

This study examined the effects of curriculum type on the acquisition and retention of color names. Ten 2 to 3 year old subjects were divided into two experimental groups of five each; subjects were of both sexes and approximately equal language ability . In a modified multiple -baseline design, one experimental group received the verbal curriculum and the other experimental group received the non-verbal curriculum. Data were gathered through regular testing of all subjects. Results indicated that the curricula were equally efficient in teaching color names in their respective modalities; there was no significant difference in the mean number of sessions ...


A Comparison Of Concurrent And Removed Component Procedures For Teaching Toothbrushing Skills To Preschoolers, Timothy Ian Mckinley Apr 1981

A Comparison Of Concurrent And Removed Component Procedures For Teaching Toothbrushing Skills To Preschoolers, Timothy Ian Mckinley

Master's Theses

The study compared the use of a removed component program to a concurrent training program in teaching toothbrushing skills to preschool children. The removed component program separated three response components from the terminal toothbrushing response and taught them separately out-of-the mouth before requiring them in the mouth. The concurrent training program required the three response components but did not train them separately in or out of the mouth. The removed component program taught the skills faster than or equal to the concurrent program, with a significantly higher percentage of correct responses.


A Comparison Of Speed And Accuracy In Addition Calculation For High And Low Achieving Math Students Using The Calculator, Conventional Algorithm And The Hutchings' “Low Stress Algorithm”, Edward S. Drew Apr 1981

A Comparison Of Speed And Accuracy In Addition Calculation For High And Low Achieving Math Students Using The Calculator, Conventional Algorithm And The Hutchings' “Low Stress Algorithm”, Edward S. Drew

Master's Theses

This study was an attempt to compare the differential calculation power (speed plus accuracy) with addition for the conventional algorithm as compared with the Hutchings' low stress algorithm as compared to hand held calculators for high and low achievers with two levels of difficulty. Also, it is a systematic replication of Zoref's (1976) previous research. The subjects were eight third grade students, four male and four female, approximately nine years old. A multielement baseline design was used varying type calculation method within sessions and level of difficulty across sessions. The Hutchings' "low stress" algorithm produced markedly better results in ...


An Experiential Project Examining The Realm Of The School Business Function, Robert J. Gabel Apr 1981

An Experiential Project Examining The Realm Of The School Business Function, Robert J. Gabel

Master's Theses

The objective of this experiential project was to examine the role and functions of the school business manager and the school business office.

Major areas that were examined were budgeting procedures, investigation of school district insurance coverage, investigation of developing alternative revenue sources such as a preschool and day care center, and shared time programs.

Through the investigation of these areas it was found that budgeting is an ongoing, year around process. It was observed that the South Haven Public Schools use a form of the Planning Programming Budgeting System (PPBS) and zero-base budgeting as management tools. Further it was ...


Component Analysis Of Hutchings' Low-Stress Addition Algorithm, Daniel V. Mccallum Apr 1981

Component Analysis Of Hutchings' Low-Stress Addition Algorithm, Daniel V. Mccallum

Master's Theses

An A-B-A-C counterbalanced reversal design was used with two groups to analyze the two components of Hutching's Low-Stress addition algorithm. Fourth grade students achieving 96% accuracy on a pretest of basic math facts were subjects of this study. Subjects were taught two new methods of computation; Hutchings' Low-Stress and the Conventional algorithm with a written record, along with reviewing the Conventional algorithm. Students were given worksheets containing fixed size addition problems and asked to complete as many as possible with a five-minute times session. Accuracy and speed were monitored across the three methods of computation. The results showed superior ...


A Peer-Managed Contract Study Program For High School Students, Jane F. Stinson Apr 1981

A Peer-Managed Contract Study Program For High School Students, Jane F. Stinson

Master's Theses

A contract study center was implemented in a high school setting. The center employed peer-tutoring and behavioral contracting procedures. The program was designed to assist students with assigned tasks and to increase the efficiency with which in-school study periods were used. Students either were referred by teachers or volunteered to use the center. The project was implemented for ten weeks on a pilot basis. The results indicated that students used the center extensively and adequately adhered to behavior management requirements. A large proportion of contracts were completed demonstrating that the center procedures were effective in facilitating productivity. Staff evaluations showed ...


The Effects Of Hutchings’ Low Stress Addition And Subtraction Algorithms On The Accuracy And Rate Of Problem Solving With Low Performing Math Students, Stephen Edgar Hadden Apr 1981

The Effects Of Hutchings’ Low Stress Addition And Subtraction Algorithms On The Accuracy And Rate Of Problem Solving With Low Performing Math Students, Stephen Edgar Hadden

Master's Theses

The accuracy and rate of problem solving using Hutchings' low stress addition and subtraction algorithms was investigated using four, fourth-grade low performers. Two multiple baseline designs were used, (one for addition and one for subtraction) where subjects were required to work addition and subtraction problems using the conventional method during Baseline. As Baseline for each subject stabilized, a brief training program was implemented using Hutchings' low stress addition or subtraction algorithm. Following training, subjects were required to work the addition and subtraction problems using the new algorithm. Probes were administered before and after training to measure knowledge of place value ...


A Confusion Matrix Intelligibility Testing Procedure For Preschool Children, Jane C. Coe-Kruse Apr 1981

A Confusion Matrix Intelligibility Testing Procedure For Preschool Children, Jane C. Coe-Kruse

Master's Theses

This study was conducted to develop and examine a procedure for testing and analyzing the speech intelligibility of preschool children through the use of a phonetically balanced pictured word list, confusion matrices, and computer analysis. Four subjects and 15 listeners were used to obtain data on perception of sound production. The results indicate that use of this procedure differentiates varying speech intelligibilities and allows for effective analysis of sound production parameters as they pertain to speech intelligibility.


Completing Long-Term Undergraduate Projects: Some Critical Variables, Timothy K. Zoia Apr 1981

Completing Long-Term Undergraduate Projects: Some Critical Variables, Timothy K. Zoia

Master's Theses

Completion of long-term academic projects involves large amounts of behavior over long periods of time. Steady rates of task completion may be difficult. This study is concerned with the completion of long-term projects by undergraduates who have received a prestigious university scholarship. Project completion and hours worked were correlated with the amount of supervision that the students received. The correlation between frequent supervisory meetings and completing project on time was significant (r=.70; df=1; P<.001). Suggestions for maintaining steady student performance are offered.


A Comparison Of The Hutchings' “Low-Stress", Fulkerson "Full-Record" And Conventional Addition Algorithms For Speed, Accuracy And Preference With Regular Education Students, John Robert Vanhevel Apr 1981

A Comparison Of The Hutchings' “Low-Stress", Fulkerson "Full-Record" And Conventional Addition Algorithms For Speed, Accuracy And Preference With Regular Education Students, John Robert Vanhevel

Master's Theses

The differential calculation power (speed and accuracy) of three different addition procedures were investigated using the Hutchings " Low-stress", Fulkerson "Full-record" and conventional algorithms. The subjects were nine fourth grade students, five female and four male, approximately ten years of age. Elements of both multiple baseline and reversal designs were employed, varying the type of calculation method across phases. After exposure to each algorithm, students were given a choice of methods to use in solving a problem. Results indicated that both the Hutchings "Low-stress" and Fulkerson "Full-record" algorithms were generally superior in producing stable, accurate and efficient calculations. When given a ...


A Comparison Of Calculation Speed And Accuracy On Two Levels Of Problem Difficulty Using The Conventional And Hutchings’ "Low Stress" Subtraction Algorithms And The Pocket Calculator, Margaret T. Mcglinchey Apr 1981

A Comparison Of Calculation Speed And Accuracy On Two Levels Of Problem Difficulty Using The Conventional And Hutchings’ "Low Stress" Subtraction Algorithms And The Pocket Calculator, Margaret T. Mcglinchey

Master's Theses

This study involved a comparison of three different calculation procedures for solving two different sizes of subtraction problems. A multi-element baseline design was used with three subjects: 2 females and 1 male, whose ages were 9.6, 24, and 8.1, respectively. The calculation procedures were varied randomly within, sessions, and the problem sizes varied randomly across sessions. Dependent measures included rate correct, rate incorrect, and percent accuracy. For all subjects, the conventional algorithm was the fastest calculation procedure. Accuracy data were not as consistent, since they varied across subjects and problem array sizes. Future research in this area might ...


A Study Of Item Bias Detection: An Application Of The Rasch Model To The Dental Aptitude Test, Dipti Shah Jan 1981

A Study Of Item Bias Detection: An Application Of The Rasch Model To The Dental Aptitude Test, Dipti Shah

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.