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Full-Text Articles in Education

A Phenomenological Study On Persistence To Program Completion Of Students Of A Second Language In Associate’S Degree In Nursing Programs In Central New York, Christina Granato Dec 2018

A Phenomenological Study On Persistence To Program Completion Of Students Of A Second Language In Associate’S Degree In Nursing Programs In Central New York, Christina Granato

Education Doctoral

With an increasingly diverse U.S. general population and an increased need for nursing staff, the Institute of Medicine Future of Nursing (IOM, 2010) has called for a needed increase of racial/ethnic and gender diversity in the nursing workforce to reduce health disparities. The purpose of this study was to explore factors that influence academic success of nursing students who speak English as a second language (ESL) in Associate’s Degree in Nursing (ADN) Programs. This qualitative, phenomenological study used semi-structured, face-to-face, individual interviews with a convenience sample of eight nursing students. Essential themes included cultural and language differences ...


The Key To Academic Success: A Qualitative Phenomenological Study On First- Generation African American Students Who Successfully Graduated From A Predominantly White Institution, Latoya Blount Dec 2018

The Key To Academic Success: A Qualitative Phenomenological Study On First- Generation African American Students Who Successfully Graduated From A Predominantly White Institution, Latoya Blount

Education Doctoral

First-generation African American students are graduating from college at lower rates than their White counterparts. Researchers have identified factors such as having kids, being a minority, and socioeconomic status as reasons that may hinder a first-generation African American student from completing college. The purpose of this study was to identify factors that led to the academic success of first-generation African American students from predominantly White institutions. The study employed qualitative methodology, specifically, a phenomenological approach. It found that first-generation African American graduates succeeded by being involved in clubs, student government, being an athlete or a Resident Assistant. This study also ...


How The Criminal Justice System Can Contribute To Eliminating Inequities In Healthcare At Two Pivotal Times: While Incarcerated, And During Reentry Into The Community, Karen A. Buck Dec 2018

How The Criminal Justice System Can Contribute To Eliminating Inequities In Healthcare At Two Pivotal Times: While Incarcerated, And During Reentry Into The Community, Karen A. Buck

Education Doctoral

The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore and understand, from the perspective of the jail administrator, the elements required for a comprehensive healthcare program for those incarcerated and during reentry into the community. Research confirms that a comprehensive, replicable healthcare model for services while incarcerated, and a reentry program that recognizes both the medical and social needs of the incarcerated are beneficial for the individual, and the community. In this qualitative descriptive study, the intention was to add to the body of knowledge; the elements required to provide comprehensive medical and social services while incarcerated and when transitioning ...


Exploring Kouzes And Posner’S Exemplary Leadership Practices Of Presidential Assistants In Higher Education, Sheila M. Strong Dec 2018

Exploring Kouzes And Posner’S Exemplary Leadership Practices Of Presidential Assistants In Higher Education, Sheila M. Strong

Education Doctoral

The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the frequency in which presidential assistants in higher education institutions engaged in Kouzes and Posner’s five practices of exemplary leadership and in the managerial functions performed daily to meet the needs of the strategic goals and objectives of their institutions. There is limited research on the position of presidential assistants, which has existed for more than 40 years, and it is important to learn about this critical role and its impact at colleges and universities. Due to the complex challenges facing higher education institutions, presidents of colleges and universities need ...


The Decline In U.S. Air Traffic Controllers: A Qualitative Exploration Of Current African American Air Traffic Controller Perspectives On Diversity Recruitment In Air Traffic Collegiate Training Initiative Schools, Wycliffe L. Walcott Jr. Dec 2018

The Decline In U.S. Air Traffic Controllers: A Qualitative Exploration Of Current African American Air Traffic Controller Perspectives On Diversity Recruitment In Air Traffic Collegiate Training Initiative Schools, Wycliffe L. Walcott Jr.

Education Doctoral

The Federal Aviation Administration’s (FAA) Air Traffic Control Specialists (ATCS) workforce has been in steady decline since 2012. The declining number of federal ATCS threatens a $1.5 trillion aviation economy in the United States. The results of fewer controllers are increased delays and cancelled flights (National Air Traffic Controllers Association [NATCA], 2018). Additionally, the controller workforce is predominantly White male (Carey, 2014). Diversity amongst ATCS is another troubling trend for the FAA (McCartin, 2011). According to Outtz and Hanges (2013), an underrepresentation of minorities, including women, exists among the candidates who were hired successfully in the FAA ATCS ...


The Principal Pipeline: A Qualitative Exploration Of Strategies For The Recruitment And Retention Of Black Male Public School Principals, Stephen Jackson Dec 2018

The Principal Pipeline: A Qualitative Exploration Of Strategies For The Recruitment And Retention Of Black Male Public School Principals, Stephen Jackson

Education Doctoral

Given the recent decline in the number of Black male principals, the purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore the teacher-to-principal pipeline recruitment process and retention strategies for Black male principals from the perspective of Black male principals in two urban school districts. Nine current and retired Black male principals from the New York City and Washington, DC public school districts were interviewed. Prior to becoming principals, these nine participants worked as teachers and as assistant principals. There were seven major findings: these nine participants (a) were unaware of any specific initiatives used to recruit Black male principals, (b ...


A Qualitative Exploration Of The Factors That Led Hispanic/Latina Middle School Students To Select A Stem High School Education In New York City, Maria Lopez Dec 2018

A Qualitative Exploration Of The Factors That Led Hispanic/Latina Middle School Students To Select A Stem High School Education In New York City, Maria Lopez

Education Doctoral

There is a significant gender gap in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) careers as well as in the STEM workforce that continues to expand, ultimately impacting the global economy. In response to this crisis, this qualitative study sought to identify the factors that led Hispanic/Latina middle school students to select a STEM high school education. For this study, a purposeful sample of twenty-five ninth-grade Hispanic/Latina students participated from two designated STEM private high schools located in a densely populated Hispanic/Latino area in the Bronx. Participants anonymously responded to The Middle to High School STEM Experience questionnaire ...


The Sky’S The Limit: Factors That Affect Females’ Decisions To Become Professional Pilots, Debra Henneberry Dec 2018

The Sky’S The Limit: Factors That Affect Females’ Decisions To Become Professional Pilots, Debra Henneberry

Education Doctoral

Despite evidence of males and females having generally comparable abilities as pilots, very few women choose this career path. According to the Federal Aviation Administration database of aviators, approximately 7% of the total pilot population in the United States is female, and 5% of professional pilot ratings are held by women. These statistics have been consistent for several decades. The purpose of this qualitative phenomenological study was to gain a better understanding of why females decide to become professional pilots. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 women who, at the time of this study, were employed or had been previously ...


African American Women In New York State Who Overcame Barriers To Become Superintendents Of Schools, Augustina Biney Amissah West Dec 2018

African American Women In New York State Who Overcame Barriers To Become Superintendents Of Schools, Augustina Biney Amissah West

Education Doctoral

African American women educators who possess the leadership characteristics to become superintendents of schools in New York State are not rising to top positions at the same rate as women of other racial and ethnic groups. There is limited research on the barriers and challenges experienced by African American women as well as the strategies that aided in their maintenance of the position. This phenomenological qualitative research study examined the perceptions of African American women who successfully obtained the position of superintendents of schools in New York State at suburban public schools, the barriers and challenges they overcame, and the ...


Teacher Perceptions Of Latino Parental Involvement In An Urban Public School District: A Survey Of The Predictive Role Of Teacher’S Cultural Intelligence, Vanessa A. Vasquez Dec 2018

Teacher Perceptions Of Latino Parental Involvement In An Urban Public School District: A Survey Of The Predictive Role Of Teacher’S Cultural Intelligence, Vanessa A. Vasquez

Education Doctoral

The Latino population in the United States is projected to increase significantly in the upcoming years, hence so will the numbers of Latino students enrolled in public schools. Although previous scholarly research indicated that parental involvement in U.S. school settings is correlated to student achievement, parental involvement is often reported as significantly lower for Latino parents relative to White parents. Although the classroom has become increasingly diverse, educators across the United States have remained mostly the same where more than 80% of educators are White and female, which does not mirror the demographics of the students in the classroom ...


Social Work Faculty And Graduate Student Perceptions Of A One-Year Residency Program: A Phenomenological Perspective, Patricia A. Gray Dec 2018

Social Work Faculty And Graduate Student Perceptions Of A One-Year Residency Program: A Phenomenological Perspective, Patricia A. Gray

Education Doctoral

Research shows that there is an increase in working professionals returning to social work school but are ill-prepared to give up their jobs to attend school full-time to obtain their master’s in social work degrees. The purpose of this case study analysis was to explore the perceptions of social work graduate students and faculty members within a model known as the One-Year Residency (OYR) Program on the east coast using both focus groups and interviews, respectively. Using a qualitative phenomenological approach with a purposive sample, the study focused on discovering the graduate students’ and faculty perceptions about (a) the ...


Employee Soft Skills And Organizational Culture: An Exploratory Case Study, Eliyahu Lotzar Dec 2018

Employee Soft Skills And Organizational Culture: An Exploratory Case Study, Eliyahu Lotzar

Education Doctoral

Students seek higher education to obtain better employment. While employers value soft skills at least as much as academic knowledge, the soft skills literature is without consensus as to which of the many soft skills or employability skills employers value most, making it challenging for colleges to provide effective soft skills education. To organize employers’ many different soft skill preferences, this study explores organizational culture as a conceptual framework. Specifically, the case study explores values and characteristics common to one organization’s culture, to the soft skills that its executives and managers prefer their employees to possess, to employee beliefs ...


New York State Superintendents And Social Media, Roger B. Clough Ii Dec 2018

New York State Superintendents And Social Media, Roger B. Clough Ii

Education Doctoral

Little is understood or has been researched regarding which social media tools New York State public school superintendents use in their jobs, how they use those tools, and what challenges they face using social media in their jobs. The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine and understand the challenges that superintendents face on a daily basis and to explain how social media is impacting the superintendencies of superintendents, ages 30 to over 65 years. A survey was sent to over 720 public school superintendents in New York State. Participants were drawn from urban, suburban, and rural school districts ...


First-Generation Latinas’ Perspectives Of College Involvement: A Phenomenological Study, Melissa E. Aponte Dec 2018

First-Generation Latinas’ Perspectives Of College Involvement: A Phenomenological Study, Melissa E. Aponte

Education Doctoral

The purpose of this study was to understand how first-generation Latinas define college involvement and how they feel this involvement contributed to their successful graduation from a community college. Because more Latinas are successfully completing college than their male counterparts (Latinos), this study sought to better understand the validating and student involvement factors that allow Latinas, who are also first-generation college students, to graduate from college. Community colleges are the primary entry into higher education for this student group; therefore, the study sought to explore college involvement at this type of institution. This study utilized a phenomenological approach to describe ...


Why Do They Stay? The Experiences And Perceptions Of Traditional Age Male College Students That Influence Persistence Beyond The First Year In College, Elizabeth A. Lambert Dec 2018

Why Do They Stay? The Experiences And Perceptions Of Traditional Age Male College Students That Influence Persistence Beyond The First Year In College, Elizabeth A. Lambert

Education Doctoral

The purpose of this study was to examine the experiences and perceptions of traditional age male college students that influence their persistence beyond the first year in college. This qualitative study uses Moustakas’ (1994) approach to transcendental or psychological phenomenology. The researcher collected data at two different small, private, 4-year liberal arts institutions situated in New York State. Semi-structured interviews were utilized as the primary source of data collection to capture the experiences and perceptions of traditional age (19 years old) male undergraduates, midway through their second year of college and enrolled full-time. This study uses Schlossberg’s (1981) transition ...


An Examination Of Staff Perceptions Of The Effectiveness Of The Professional Learning Community Model: A Multiple Case Study Design, Renee Martin Dec 2018

An Examination Of Staff Perceptions Of The Effectiveness Of The Professional Learning Community Model: A Multiple Case Study Design, Renee Martin

Education Doctoral

This qualitative multiple case study sought to understand staff members’ perceptions of the components of an effective and sustainable professional learning community. The Professional Learning Community Assessment questionnaire and interviews were the instruments utilized to attain data. The study’s results allowed the researcher to identify areas of strength and areas of weakness that were integral aspects of each learning community’s operation. Specifically, the study included 22 participants across three middle school study sites. There were 12 key findings that emerged from the data across the three study locations. The findings revealed the need for regular collaboration, supportive leadership ...


Maximizing Influence And Sensesight: A Grounded Theory Study Of How Executives Make Sense And Lead In Complexity, Ryan Clapper Aug 2018

Maximizing Influence And Sensesight: A Grounded Theory Study Of How Executives Make Sense And Lead In Complexity, Ryan Clapper

Education Doctoral

U.S. health care reform is a significant driver of complexity in healthcare organizations. The highly regulated directive began with the Affordable Care Act of 2008 and seeks to improve value of patient care by reducing costs and improving quality. However, to implement the required changes, executives must continue daily operations while they dismantle and reassemble core clinical and financial processes of the organization. The shift toward value exacerbates complexity in the already complicated and high stakes healthcare field. Complexity challenges improvement efforts and negatively impacts quality of care. Complexity also affects how executives make sense and lead. For success ...


The Strong Black Woman’S Perceptions Of Self-Care Engagement, Gina M. Gaines Aug 2018

The Strong Black Woman’S Perceptions Of Self-Care Engagement, Gina M. Gaines

Education Doctoral

The purpose of this qualitative phenomenological study was to identify self-care knowledge, perceptions, and behaviors of Strong Black Women (SBW) executives with graduate degrees. Stress has substantial damaging impact on health, and it may cause some of the disproportionately high rates of adverse health conditions that Black women experience. Neglect or postponement of self-care has been identified as a contributing factor to SBW’s health disparities. This study sought to identify the factors that limit self-care and those that may lead to engagement, enhanced self-care, and improved health for Black women. The study population consisted of Strong Black Women, between ...


The Academic Nurse Leader’S Role In Supporting Novice Nurse Educator Transition: A Grounded Theory Study, Marianne Markowitz Aug 2018

The Academic Nurse Leader’S Role In Supporting Novice Nurse Educator Transition: A Grounded Theory Study, Marianne Markowitz

Education Doctoral

Researchers have studied the phenomenon of the novice nurse educator transition to academia, however there is little understood about the academic nurse leader’s role in supporting transition. Exactly what is needed by novice educators as they transition to academia has been studied in the form of peer mentorship, but there is a gap in the nursing literature related to the academic nurse leader’s role. This study used a qualitative design, specifically grounded theory. Inclusion criteria for participants included master’s prepared, novice nurse educators as defined by being in their role less than 5 years and employed in ...


The Academic Impact Of Suspension On Black Male Students In An Urban High School, Sandy Hattar Aug 2018

The Academic Impact Of Suspension On Black Male Students In An Urban High School, Sandy Hattar

Education Doctoral

The focus of this research was the academic impact of school suspension on Black male students in an urban high school. Findings for the study were derived from archival data retrieved with permission from the school district that served as the site of the study. The performance of 400 Black male students in the 2015 cohort of eight high schools on the New York State Algebra Regents exam was analyzed to determine whether suspension from school affected achievement as measured by the passing score on an exam which determined successful high school completion and academic success. The implications of these ...


Why Aren’T We Getting The Part?, Jocelynne Rainey Aug 2018

Why Aren’T We Getting The Part?, Jocelynne Rainey

Education Doctoral

The purpose of this quantitative study was to compare the soft and social skills attainment of African American college seniors and non-African American college seniors. College graduates in the United States are experiencing the challenge of underemployment (low wages) and unemployment. However, African American college graduates are twice as likely to be unemployed and or underemployed when compared to their White counterparts. The research indicates that hiring managers value soft/social skills above technical skills and the education required for the position. This study reviewed data from a survey administered to college seniors graduating from a college in a large ...


Closing The Reading Achievement Gap: The Impact Of A Multitiered Response To Intervention Framework In Kindergarten, Victoria Borsella Aug 2018

Closing The Reading Achievement Gap: The Impact Of A Multitiered Response To Intervention Framework In Kindergarten, Victoria Borsella

Education Doctoral

The purpose of this quantitative, quasi-experimental, ex post facto study was to examine the impact the Response to Intervention (RTI) framework had on kindergarten reading scores as measured by the standardized test for the achievement of reading early literacy assessment (STAR-ELA). This study employed an ex post facto design utilizing a retrospective cohort. Two 2 × 2 mixed-subjects factorial analysis of variances (ANOVAs) were used in addressing the study’s three research questions. First, the study evaluated the combined effectiveness of Tier 1 and Tier 2 reading interventions on nonclassified kindergarten students’ reading achievement to determine if the implementation of RTI ...


An Examination Of Planning And Implementing Brain-Based Strategies In The Elementary Classroom, Gina Ditullio Aug 2018

An Examination Of Planning And Implementing Brain-Based Strategies In The Elementary Classroom, Gina Ditullio

Education Doctoral

Brain-based learning can positively impact student motivation, attitudes and academic achievement. Much of the research is situated in a quantitative paradigm designed to measure motivation, attitudes toward learning, and academic achievement. The purpose of the study was to investigate the extent to which teachers are aware of brain-based learning theory and applying the concepts of the theory to their teaching. The qualitative study utilized brain-based learning theory as a research framework. The study employed a semi-structured, face-to-face interview method to gain a better understanding of what information teachers currently know about brain-based learning and what they need in order to ...


Examining The Long-Term Suspension Process For Students Classified With An Emotional Disturbance, Samantha Brody Aug 2018

Examining The Long-Term Suspension Process For Students Classified With An Emotional Disturbance, Samantha Brody

Education Doctoral

The purpose of this qualitative, phenomenological study was to explore the lived experiences of students classified with an emotional disturbance who were long-term suspended from school, their parent/guardians, and school administrators. Using a semi-structured interview design, this study provided participants in an urban school district in upstate New York, with an opportunity to share their firsthand perspectives on the long-term suspension process and its effects on student identities, school experiences, and future ambitions. Research questions were aligned with Bandura’s self-efficacy theoretical framework. The first research question examined the experiences of students with an emotional disturbance during the long-term ...


9-1-1 Leadership: Perceptions Of Evidence-Based Quality Improvement, Steven C. Sharpe Aug 2018

9-1-1 Leadership: Perceptions Of Evidence-Based Quality Improvement, Steven C. Sharpe

Education Doctoral

The quality of 9-1-1 services can mean the difference between life and death. In 2015, national 9-1-1 organizations created a minimum standard for Public Safety Answering Point (PSAP) comprehensive quality improvement programs, yet there is no mandate for PSAPs to adopt such standards. This study focuses on quality improvement perceptions among New York State (NYS) wireless PSAP leaders from an evidence-based management theory framework. The study addresses the primary research question: How do NYS wireless PSAP leaders support effective implementation of quality care? Using directed content analysis out-transcripts from focus group sessions with NYS wireless PSAP leaders, the following themes ...


The Factors Influencing Interest, Processing, And Application Of Financial Literacy Education As Perceived By Students In An Urban College Setting, Stacy Crawford Aug 2018

The Factors Influencing Interest, Processing, And Application Of Financial Literacy Education As Perceived By Students In An Urban College Setting, Stacy Crawford

Education Doctoral

The importance of financial literacy has been acknowledged and well received. However, measures to evaluate the effectiveness of financial literacy education have focused on program outcomes rather than participant interest to receive and process the information. The purpose of this transformative, phenomenological qualitative research study was to identify and examine the factors influencing the interest, processing, and application of financial literacy education programs as perceived by students in an urban, college setting. Using a theoretical framework based on the Kirkpatrick model for evaluating effectiveness of training programs and the Sen financial capability model, the study enabled the marginalized voices and ...


Computational Thinking Unplugged: Comparing The Impact On Confidence And Competence From Analog And Digital Resources In Computer Science Professional Development For Elementary Teachers, Christopher Harris Aug 2018

Computational Thinking Unplugged: Comparing The Impact On Confidence And Competence From Analog And Digital Resources In Computer Science Professional Development For Elementary Teachers, Christopher Harris

Education Doctoral

The demand for computer science instruction is increasing across the K-12 spectrum, but in many cases elementary teachers are ill prepared to teach the subject. Based on prior research showing a preference for analog interfaces, this study compared the impact of analog and digital interface modalities on teachers’ confidence and competence gains in professional development on computational thinking conceived within the framework of cognitive acceleration. The analog group used the Robot Turtles board game and the digital group used the Scratch Jr. app on iPads while receiving the same professional development content. A single-case experimental design approach with a multiple-baseline ...


Leader Responses To Ambivalence During Ipe Organizational Transformation: A Phenomenological Study, Pam Youngs-Maher Aug 2018

Leader Responses To Ambivalence During Ipe Organizational Transformation: A Phenomenological Study, Pam Youngs-Maher

Education Doctoral

Executive leaders of higher education institutions that confer healthcare degrees are engaging in organizational transformations to meet the evolving needs of tomorrow’s healthcare professionals. Organizational transformations can trigger ambivalence at individual and collective levels. Researchers purport that ambivalence, a push/pull reaction, may play a functional role during decision making in the face of change. The purpose of this research was to examine what practices leaders, who felt ambivalent during organizational transformation, used to successfully lead change. Interprofessional education (IPE), where academic leaders are transforming healthcare education from silos to collaborative systems, was used as the context for study ...


The Perceived Effects Of Organizational Culture On Workplace Bullying In Higher Education, Laura Persky Aug 2018

The Perceived Effects Of Organizational Culture On Workplace Bullying In Higher Education, Laura Persky

Education Doctoral

Current research indicates that workplace bullying exists among a variety of industries in the United States. Further, the reported frequency of workplace bullying appears to be above average in some industries including higher education. Workplace bullying can cause long term harmful effects for the bullied target. Additionally, workplace bullying can create a negative work environment leading to decreased productivity and employee turnover. The purpose of this study was to learn from higher education faculty, administrators, and human resource personnel about their experiences with workplace bullying. This study examined the problem of workplace bullying through different roles and perspectives to better ...


Incivility In Nursing Education: The Role Of Nursing Education In The Perpetuation Of Incivility In The Nursing Profession, Jane Stephenson Aug 2018

Incivility In Nursing Education: The Role Of Nursing Education In The Perpetuation Of Incivility In The Nursing Profession, Jane Stephenson

Education Doctoral

According to Jones, Echevarria, Sun, and Ryan (2016), 80% to 90% of nurses experience bullying at some point during their career. In 2011, the American Nursing Association (ANA) reported incivility contributed to 40% of medication errors being unreported. A study by Clarke, Kane, Rajacich, and Lafreniere (2012) reported that 88.72% of the 674 participating nursing students had experienced bullying by faculty. The purpose of this study was to explore the impact nursing education has in the perpetuation of incivility in the field of nursing. Using a modified survey, data was collected from two disparate cohorts of nursing students at ...