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Full-Text Articles in Education

A Unit Of Instruction On Evolution, Judith Gail Williams Jan 1989

A Unit Of Instruction On Evolution, Judith Gail Williams

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Crimson Missionaries: Harvard College And The Robert Boyle Trust, John D. Burton Jan 1989

Crimson Missionaries: Harvard College And The Robert Boyle Trust, John D. Burton

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Relationship Between Husband-Wife/Assertiveness-Nonassertiveness And Marital Satisfaction, Jerry Douglas Kiser Jan 1989

The Relationship Between Husband-Wife/Assertiveness-Nonassertiveness And Marital Satisfaction, Jerry Douglas Kiser

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study was designed to examine the relationship between husband-wife/assertiveness-nonassertiveness and the level of marital satisfaction. One hundred seventy married couples, who volunteered to participate, served as the sample for the study. Each individual completed the Rathus Assertiveness Schedule (RAS) and the Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS). Based on the RAS scores of the husband and wife, the couple was assigned to one of four groups. The four groupings were: (1) Husband and wife were both assertive. (2) The husband was assertive and the wife was nonassertive. (3) The husband was nonassertive and the wife was assertive. (4) The husband ...


An Analysis Of The Relationship Between Race And Gender And National Student Placement In Programs For The Educable Mentally Retarded, Learning-Disabled, And Seriously Emotionally Disturbed From 1976 Through 1984, Robert Frederick Richardson Jr. Jan 1989

An Analysis Of The Relationship Between Race And Gender And National Student Placement In Programs For The Educable Mentally Retarded, Learning-Disabled, And Seriously Emotionally Disturbed From 1976 Through 1984, Robert Frederick Richardson Jr.

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Both prior to and since the passage of 94-142 in 1975, researchers and policy analysts have raised consistent concerns about the overrepresentation of black males in EMR and ED programs, especially in view of an often noted disproportion of white males in LD programs.;All of the empirical research on overrepresentation since 1975 has been characterized by one or more of the following limitations: (a) Small sample populations were drawn from one school district or state, (b) Larger samples, when studied, were analyzed at one specific point in time rather than over a period of time, (c) The power of ...


The Origins And Development Of Virginia's Student Assessment Policy: A Case Study, Serbrenia J. Sims Jan 1989

The Origins And Development Of Virginia's Student Assessment Policy: A Case Study, Serbrenia J. Sims

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to review the historical origins and chronology of the student assessment movement in the United States and to describe and analyze the development of Virginia's higher education student assessment policy within that movement. "Student assessment," the process of determining whether or not students have met educational goals set by their programs of study, institutions of higher education, or the state is a relatively new event in Virginia. Major participants involved in the passage and implementation of Virginia's policy were identified from historical documents and interviewed based on their specific areas of knowledge ...


Factors Accounting For The Development Of The Virginia Community College System, Patsy Rainey Joyner Jan 1989

Factors Accounting For The Development Of The Virginia Community College System, Patsy Rainey Joyner

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this dissertation was to explore the facts regarding the rhetoric of democratization and broadening the base of higher education with reference to the development of the Virginia Community College System. In a state with a tradition of conservatism and elitism toward public education, this study sought to identify those factors which accounted for the adoption of a populist notion, the community college system.;Established in 1966, the system was late in coming compared to other states. The first continuously operating two-year public college was established in Joliet, Illinois, in 1901, and California, along with other states, soon ...


Factors Affecting Persistence Of Re-Entry Women At An Urban State University, Carolyn Sheriff Mayfield Jan 1989

Factors Affecting Persistence Of Re-Entry Women At An Urban State University, Carolyn Sheriff Mayfield

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors that affect the persistence of re-entry women over age twenty-five at an urban state university using Vincent Tinto's academic-social fit theory of retention and persistence which posits that once this fit is achieved, persistence and retention will be positively affected.;The re-entry women's population at Urban State University, an historically black university, was studied. It was chosen because of its mission of serving special populations, its size, its historical prominence, and its location in an urban community.;Urban State University had an available pool of eighty-eight women over ...


Horace Mann: A Comparison Of A Traditional And A Revisionist Biography, George C. Whiting Jan 1989

Horace Mann: A Comparison Of A Traditional And A Revisionist Biography, George C. Whiting

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to compare a traditional biography, Burke A. Hinsdale's Horace Mann and the Common School Revival in the United States (1900), and a revisionist biography, Jonathan Messerli's Horace Mann: a Biography (1972), within a "neutral" frame of reference to determine which author made the more logical use of evidence to support his argument.;David H. Fischer's Historians' Fallacies (1970) and Richard E. Neustadt & Ernest R. May's Thinking in Time (1986) were used to formulate a "neutral" frame of reference within which to analyze the two biographies.;Hinsdale's explanation was found to consist of a series of generalizations few of which were supported by credible relevant evidence. Thus, while Messerli's explanation in part relied ...


Institutional Image: A Case Study Of George Mason University, Elizabeth Anne Acosta-Lewis Jan 1989

Institutional Image: A Case Study Of George Mason University, Elizabeth Anne Acosta-Lewis

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

During the past two decades, the image of higher education institutions, collectively and individually, has become more important as competition among colleges and universities for students, faculty, and resources has become more aggressive. In 1979 Mayhew asked whether it is possible for institutions that do not have well-established images to actually create them. This study addresses Mayhew's question by focusing on the concept of image at one institution, George Mason University.;This study examined both GMU's deliberate attempts to improve its image as well as the effects upon image of its inherent culture. Specifically, the two-part research question ...


Middle School Innovation: Interpretation And Assessment, William Bryant Williams Jr. Jan 1989

Middle School Innovation: Interpretation And Assessment, William Bryant Williams Jr.

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purposes of this study were to present a historical interpretation and explanation of the middle school innovation and to examine the characteristics of model middle schools. In light of the available body of knowledge is the middle school a reasonable innovation to sustain and implement? A subsidiary purpose was to determine if there were any consensually agreed upon characteristics. The main research question is:;A comprehensive review of the literature was completed to provide the history of middle level education. Beginning with an explanation of the work of the Committee of Ten in 1893, the study provided a report ...


Presenting The Past: Education, Interpretation And The Teaching Of Black History At Colonial Williamsburg, Rex Marshall Ellis Jan 1989

Presenting The Past: Education, Interpretation And The Teaching Of Black History At Colonial Williamsburg, Rex Marshall Ellis

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation began in 1926. Within four years after its initial construction, the need to begin some means of presenting information to a growing population of visitors became apparent. In this study, an attempt will be made to answer the question, "How has the history of interpretation at Colonial Williamsburg influenced its teaching of black history?".;The major research question and the subsidiary questions were prompted by the recent inclusion of a black history program at the foundation. In this study, primary focus will be given to the history of interpretation at Colonial Williamsburg. An attempt will be ...


Variables Influencing Recent High School Graduates' Choice Of Postsecondary Proprietary Schools Or Community Colleges: A Study Of Business Administration And Related Curricula At The Virginia Beach Campuses Of Commonwealth College And Tidewater Community College, Bill Carl De Weese Jan 1989

Variables Influencing Recent High School Graduates' Choice Of Postsecondary Proprietary Schools Or Community Colleges: A Study Of Business Administration And Related Curricula At The Virginia Beach Campuses Of Commonwealth College And Tidewater Community College, Bill Carl De Weese

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the reasons why recent high school graduates choose to attend a postsecondary proprietary school or a community college. Choice models based on the choices of prospective four-year college and university students provided the basis for the study. Three sets of variables--significant persons, relatively fixed institutional characteristics, and other institutional characteristics--were analyzed in order to determine students' choice of the two types of institutions.;The populations of this study were a group of 22 students in business and related curricula at the Virginia Beach Campus of Commonwealth College and a group of thirty ...


A Study Of Reading Achievement Gains In Classes Of Special Education Teachers Using The Beginning Teacher Assistance Program Indicators Of Competence, Cynthia Henshaw Jan 1989

A Study Of Reading Achievement Gains In Classes Of Special Education Teachers Using The Beginning Teacher Assistance Program Indicators Of Competence, Cynthia Henshaw

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

In Virginia, the State Board of Education has specified fourteen areas in which every teacher who is granted a Collegiate Professional Certificate must be competent and has established the Virginia Beginning Teacher Assistance Program (BTAP) for the purpose of assessing the competence of beginning teachers. The basis of BTAP is a "set of measurable or observable indicators through which beginning teachers can demonstrate their competence in each competency area specified by the Board of Education." In studies of teacher effectiveness in regular education, these competency areas have been consistently related to increased student achievement. Few studies in special education have ...


A Study Of The Relationship Of Social Planning Processes To The Social Competence Of Learning-Disabled Adolescents, Roberta Swithers Barton Jan 1989

A Study Of The Relationship Of Social Planning Processes To The Social Competence Of Learning-Disabled Adolescents, Roberta Swithers Barton

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study addressed three questions: (1) Are social planning processes, i.e., means-ends thinking, knowledge of social conventions, and social schematic ability, related to each other? (2) Are they related to the perceived social competence of learning disabled (SLD) adolescents? (3) Are they determinants of differences in perceived social competence?;Martin Ford's (1982) Social Competence Nomination Form (SCNF) assessed the social competence of 59 SLD adolescents from The New Community School in Richmond, Virginia. Extreme groups of SCNF scorers were compared on three social planning skill measures: Means-Ends Problem-Solving Procedure (MEPS) (Spivack, Shure & Platt, 1981) and the Comprehension and Picture Arrangement subtests from the Wechsler Intelligence Tests (Wechsler, 1974, 1981). The sample was described with the UCLA system of marker variables (Keogh, Major-Kingsley, Omori-Gordon, & Reid, 1982).;The hypothesized relationships were neither proved ...


A Survey Of State Educational Agencies On Criteria For Providing Related Services As Mandated By Public Law 94-142 And Section 504 Of The Rehabilitation Act Of 1973, Antonis Katsiyannis Jan 1989

A Survey Of State Educational Agencies On Criteria For Providing Related Services As Mandated By Public Law 94-142 And Section 504 Of The Rehabilitation Act Of 1973, Antonis Katsiyannis

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The related services component of P.L. 94-142 has been one of the most difficult features in providing a Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) for eligible handicapped students and it continues to be a persistent challenge. Related services have been a fertile area of disagreements between school personnel and parents because of the high cost of providing some services, and because of parents' requests for a variety of services, not necessarily within the intent of the law, to be provided at public expense. Issues involving related services have primarily focused on availability, service delivery models ensuring fiscal efficiency, compliance and ...


A Descriptive Study Of Sex-Trait Stereotypes Of Lay Church Members For Women Clergy, Loretta A. Mueller Jan 1989

A Descriptive Study Of Sex-Trait Stereotypes Of Lay Church Members For Women Clergy, Loretta A. Mueller

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the sex-trait stereotype church lay people had of women clergy. Two groups of lay people were studied, those who had and had not had a woman clergy as either pastor or assistant pastor of a church to which they belonged. Data was also obtained from women clergy.;Gough's Adjective Check List was used to determine a stereotype that the above described lay people had of women clergy. The goal was to determine if there were differences between lay men and women in the way they described women clergy and if there ...


Beyond The Campus: Image And Saga Of The State Coordinating Council: A Case Study Of The State Council Of Higher Education For Virginia, 1977-1987, Agnes Logan Braganza Jan 1989

Beyond The Campus: Image And Saga Of The State Coordinating Council: A Case Study Of The State Council Of Higher Education For Virginia, 1977-1987, Agnes Logan Braganza

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to contribute to an understanding of the milieu in which higher education policy is formed in the United States, using the Commonwealth of Virginia as a case study seeking to explain the image and saga of its State Council of Higher Education. Virginia is an appropriate state upon which to focus because it is taking its place among the leading states in public higher education.;Although control of higher education policy now resides largely in the states and their statewide coordinating councils and governing boards, there is not a clear identity of any state ...


Coping With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Manual For Parents And Teachers, Christine H. A. Peterson Jan 1989

Coping With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Manual For Parents And Teachers, Christine H. A. Peterson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.