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Full-Text Articles in Education

Promoting Student Success: A Program Evaluation Of A Ninth Grade Transition Program, Micah Lonae Smith Jan 2018

Promoting Student Success: A Program Evaluation Of A Ninth Grade Transition Program, Micah Lonae Smith

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this mixed-methods study is to evaluate the impact of Morrison High School’s ninth grade transition program, the Freshman Academy, on student outcomes. Based on the outcomes, decisions will be made to determine if the Freshman Academy is meeting students’ needs or if the program elements need to be revisited to improve student achievement. Participants included teachers, school counselors, and administrators at Morrison High School in southeastern Virginia. The study employed the product component of the CIPP model of program evaluation to guide the data collection and to determine the merit, worth, and significance of the program ...


Factors That Contribute To The Academic Success Of African American Males: Perceptions Of African American Male High School Students, Alexis C. Swanson Jan 2013

Factors That Contribute To The Academic Success Of African American Males: Perceptions Of African American Male High School Students, Alexis C. Swanson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Much of the literature dedicated to the academic achievement of African American males focuses on failure, obstacles, negative influences and explanations of factors that negatively impact their academic success. This qualitative research study provided an opportunity for African American male students at the high school level to articulate their experiences and speak to the factors that they perceived as contributing to their academic success. The constructs of identity and cultural capital were offered by this researcher as a conceptual framework into the insight of factors that impacted the academic achievement of this student group.;Through interviews, a classroom observation and ...


Quality Practices Of Alternative Education Learning Environments As Represented In Virginia's Individual Student Alternative Education Plan (Isaep) Program, Doris R. Feltman Jan 2013

Quality Practices Of Alternative Education Learning Environments As Represented In Virginia's Individual Student Alternative Education Plan (Isaep) Program, Doris R. Feltman

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to analyze a prominent alternative education practice in the Commonwealth of Virginia through an analysis of the Virginia Department of Education's Individual Student Alternative Education Plan (ISAEP) program and the alternative education environment it provides. This was a descriptive study using non-experimental survey research using quantitative and qualitative data to study the phenomena as it exists. Participants included 132 ISAEP program leaders attending the 6th Annual Conference in July, 2012. The study revealed that the ISAEP program is consistent with how alternative education is defined both in Virginia and nationally as it has ...


Faculty Perceptions Of Principal Support And Change Orientation In Virginia High Schools, Karen E. Cagle Jan 2012

Faculty Perceptions Of Principal Support And Change Orientation In Virginia High Schools, Karen E. Cagle

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Similar to other organizations, change is a part of any school setting. In this time of necessary educational transformation, school principals must have the knowledge and skills to be change agents. This study sought to expand on existing research on change orientation by examining how principal support affects the faculty's receptivity to institutional change. Thus, the focus of this study was to explore the relationship between two dimensions of principal support and three aspects of change orientation. The Principal Support Scale (PSS) and Faculty Change Orientation Scale (FCOS) were used to survey 1,276 licensed, professional teachers in 34 ...


Advanced Learner Perceptions Of Psychological Well-Being And School Satisfaction In Two Educational Settings, Janice C. Robertson Jan 2011

Advanced Learner Perceptions Of Psychological Well-Being And School Satisfaction In Two Educational Settings, Janice C. Robertson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The intent of this study was to explore the effects of two settings on self-concept and school satisfaction of academically advanced high school students. The research designs were causal-comparative and correlational. Participants were 224 partial-day academic Governor's School students and 56 academically advanced students in district schools in a southern U.S. state.;Self-concept for the total group appeared adequate to strong, and the two student groups were similar in total self-concept and its dimensions ( p > .01), as measured by the Piers-Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale -- Second Edition (Piers- Harris 2). However, frequent worry, nervousness, and feelings of differentness ...


A Comparative Study Of The Course Taking And Performance Patterns Of High Achieving Secondary Students, Dewelynn Joyce Heeb Selberg Jan 2009

A Comparative Study Of The Course Taking And Performance Patterns Of High Achieving Secondary Students, Dewelynn Joyce Heeb Selberg

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Part one of this study relied on archival data of an urban public high school to explain and compare the Advanced Placement (AP) and International Baccalaureate (IB) course taking patterns and program exam performance of high school students who had participated in the district's program for gifted learners, the Extended Learning Program (ELP), when in grades 4-8, with those that did not.;Adapting Gagne's (2003, 2004) Differentiated Model of Giftedness and Talent (DMTG) as a conceptual framework, part two of this study examined the intrapersonal and environmental catalysts affecting the talent development process as perceived by seniors, enrolled ...


Academic Optimism Of Virginia High School Teachers: Its Relationship To Organizational Citizenship Behaviors And Student Achievement, Charles Allen Wagner Jan 2008

Academic Optimism Of Virginia High School Teachers: Its Relationship To Organizational Citizenship Behaviors And Student Achievement, Charles Allen Wagner

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

For decades, educational leaders have sought to identify school-level variables that have a positive and significant impact on student achievement despite the indelible effects of student socioeconomic status and family background. The purpose of this is study was to investigate the relationship between an emergent attitudinal construct---academic optimism---and its relationship to organizational citizenship behaviors of teachers and student achievement among a sample of Virginia public high schools.;A convenience sample of 36 public Virginia high schools serving students in grades 9-12 was used to collect survey data from full-time teachers and faculty during regularly-scheduled faculty meetings during the 2006-07 school ...


Addressing The Learning Needs Of Struggling Adolescent Readers: The Impact Of A Reading Intervention Program On Students In A Middle School Setting, John Anthony Caggiano Jan 2007

Addressing The Learning Needs Of Struggling Adolescent Readers: The Impact Of A Reading Intervention Program On Students In A Middle School Setting, John Anthony Caggiano

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The present study aimed to build on existing research surrounding struggling adolescent readers. The purpose of the study was to determine the impact of the reading program READ 180(TM) by Scholastic, Inc., on struggling adolescent readers in a middle school setting and also to examine whether this intervention has promise for closing the achievement gap between African-American and white students.;The study was conducted using a nonequivalent control-group design. Archival data from the 2005-2006 school year was analyzed for 120 students in grades 6, 7 and 8 from ABC Middle School. The experimental group was comprised of 60 students ...


Working To Reduce Ninth Grade Failure Rates In Urban School Settings: A Multi-Case Study Of Ninth Grade Transition Programs In Four Urban High Schools In Virginia, Lynnell Theard Gibson Jan 2006

Working To Reduce Ninth Grade Failure Rates In Urban School Settings: A Multi-Case Study Of Ninth Grade Transition Programs In Four Urban High Schools In Virginia, Lynnell Theard Gibson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The focus of the ninth grade year as a crucial year for high school students is a current issue that raises national concern. Currently, rural and suburban school districts have been successful in implementing and in sustaining successful ninth grade transition programs. However, in urban settings, educators have been perplexed by the varying degrees of success with these same strategies. This study focused on four urban high schools' efforts to increase ninth grade promotion rates and ultimately high school completion rates. Each school's efforts have been described in order to gain insight into how each program was developed to ...


Organizational Citizenship Behaviors Of Middle School Teachers: A Study Of Their Relationship To School Climate And Student Achievement, Marsha Moye Jurewicz Jan 2004

Organizational Citizenship Behaviors Of Middle School Teachers: A Study Of Their Relationship To School Climate And Student Achievement, Marsha Moye Jurewicz

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

In response to accountability issues mandated by federal and state legislation, educators are looking at various aspects within schools to identify relationships between school variables and student performance. This study addressed this issue by investigating the relationship between organizational citizenship behaviors of middle school teachers and student achievement, and organizational citizenship behaviors of middle school teachers and school climate within 82 middle schools throughout the state of Virginia. This study also explored the relative effects of student socio-economic status (SES) and organizational citizenship behaviors on student achievement. The Organizational Citizenship Behavior in School Scale (OCBS) was used to measure teacher ...


The Relationship Between Teacher Sense Of Efficacy And Pupil Control Ideology In Urban Middle Schools, Thomas Hall Beatty Jan 2002

The Relationship Between Teacher Sense Of Efficacy And Pupil Control Ideology In Urban Middle Schools, Thomas Hall Beatty

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate teacher sense of efficacy and its relationship to pupil control ideology in urban middle schools. The following questions were investigated: (1) Among urban middle school teachers, what is the relationship between their level of self-efficacy for teaching and their pupil control ideology? (2) Are female middle school teachers more or less efficacious than male middle school teachers? (3) Are female middle school teachers more or less humanistic than male middle school teachers?;The study included middle school teachers from 4 urban school divisions in the Commonwealth of Virginia. Teachers from 13 middle ...


A Study Of The Congruence Between The Transition Planning Process And First -Year Outcomes For Students With Learning Disabilities, Donna Marie Sabel Jan 2001

A Study Of The Congruence Between The Transition Planning Process And First -Year Outcomes For Students With Learning Disabilities, Donna Marie Sabel

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Through quantitative and qualitative methods this study examined the transition planning process in Virginia's Henrico County Public School Division for secondary students with learning disabilities in an effort to determine the extent to which postsecondary outcomes identified in their transition plans were achieved. Specific objectives of the study were (a) to determine the congruence between written objectives in exiting students' transition plans and identified recommended practices in the literature, (b) to determine the congruence between the transition plans developed for students with learning disabilities and their postsecondary outcomes, (c) to determine the extent to which identified recommended practices in ...


Equity In Mathematics: Algebra For Everyone, Regina Lynn Hervey Jan 2000

Equity In Mathematics: Algebra For Everyone, Regina Lynn Hervey

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Research over the past twenty years supports the teacher as the critical factor in the implementation of educational programs. The primary purpose of this mixed design study was to determine teachers' perceptions in implementing the required Algebra I program that was mandated by the state of Virginia in 1995. The research was examined through the lens of the recommendations of the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM): communicating mathematically, making mathematical connections, becoming mathematical problem solvers, and reasoning mathematically. This study was limited to ninth grade Algebra I teachers in a school division in Virginia. Two Concerns Based Adoption ...


A Study Of The Special Education Administrator's Role Related To Secondary Transition: Management And Leadership Dimensions, Karen Richards Hudson Jan 1998

A Study Of The Special Education Administrator's Role Related To Secondary Transition: Management And Leadership Dimensions, Karen Richards Hudson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The primary purpose of this study was to explore the complex role of division level special education administrators relating to secondary transition services. Management and leadership dimensions of the role of special education administrators related to secondary transition services were explored by surveying all special education directors (133) in the Commonwealth of Virginia using a survey instrument specifically designed for this study.;Analyses of the data revealed significant overlap between the management and leadership components of the role suggesting that the two constructs can not be separated. The dimensions of management and leadership were highly correlated and ratings for importance ...


Comparison Of The Performance Of Students With Learning Disabilities In Inclusive Classrooms And In Pull-Out Special Education Programs, Patricia Jordan Rea Jan 1997

Comparison Of The Performance Of Students With Learning Disabilities In Inclusive Classrooms And In Pull-Out Special Education Programs, Patricia Jordan Rea

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between placement in inclusive and pull-out special education programs and academic and behavior outcomes for students with learning disabilities. Demographic data such as age, gender, ethnicity, socio-economic status, IQ, education level of the mother, years receiving special education services, and years in the school district established comparability of two groups of middle school students. Qualitative and quantitative methods were used to describe two schools and their special education service delivery models, one inclusive and the other pull-out. IEP goals and objectives, classroom accommodations, and teacher collaboration were examined to provide ...


The Characteristics And Degrees Of De Facto Consensus Concerning The Mission Of K-12 Public Education In Virginia, Christopher Ryan Gareis Jan 1996

The Characteristics And Degrees Of De Facto Consensus Concerning The Mission Of K-12 Public Education In Virginia, Christopher Ryan Gareis

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The history of public education in the United States is replete with attempts to define the purpose, aims, or mission of K-12 public education at the local, state, and national levels. However, given the historical precedent of the local control of schools and the legal precedent of state-level governance of public education, this study sought to address the more limited question of the purpose of K-12 public education in the state of Virginia. Specifically, within the context of the contemporary educational planning theory of strategic planning, this study sought to determine what content characteristics concerning the mission of public education ...


The Comparison Of Student Engagement Rates During Classroom Discourse, Cooperative Learning, And Lecture Methods Of Instruction In Secondary Schools, Wendy Meadors Geiger Jan 1996

The Comparison Of Student Engagement Rates During Classroom Discourse, Cooperative Learning, And Lecture Methods Of Instruction In Secondary Schools, Wendy Meadors Geiger

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to examine the degree to which cooperative learning affects the active participation or engagement of students in the classroom. Previous research has found that students were more engaged during lecture and classroom discourse methods of instruction (anderson & Scott, 1978). This study attempted to determine whether the instructional strategy of cooperative learning affected this result.;The sample for this study was selected from the students of two English and two social studies teachers for each instructional method (cooperative learning, lecture, and classroom discourse). Videotapes were made of each teacher's class for analysis. Each class had five students whose engagement levels were studied. The participants were students at a suburban high school ...


An Investigation Of The Achievement Of 4 X 4 Block-Scheduled Advanced Placement Calculus Ab Students, Carolyn Marie Keen Jan 1996

An Investigation Of The Achievement Of 4 X 4 Block-Scheduled Advanced Placement Calculus Ab Students, Carolyn Marie Keen

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The research investigated whether 4 x 4 block scheduling had any effect on students' achievement in Advanced Placement Calculus AB and described some of the dynamics involved in the shifts to 4 x 4 plans. Data from 52 schools (38 North Carolina, 14 Virginia) were divided into two groups: (Sample 1) 25 schools in which the course was taught in one semester (N = 252) and (Sample 2) 27 schools in which it was taught in two semesters (N = 355). Using two-tailed Z and chi square goodness-of-fit tests {dollar}(\alpha=0.05),{dollar} the 1995 AP test mean score of each ...


An Assessment Of Secondary School Counselors' Hiv-Related Knowledge, Attitude, And Stage Of Moral Development, Phyllis Johnston Jones Jan 1995

An Assessment Of Secondary School Counselors' Hiv-Related Knowledge, Attitude, And Stage Of Moral Development, Phyllis Johnston Jones

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study focused on secondary school counselors employed in public schools in the state of Virginia. It investigated the direction and strength of the relationship of level of moral development, locus of control, HIV knowledge and HIV attitudes.;Locus of control was measured by Rotter's Internal-External Locus of Control Scale (I-E Scale). The Defining Issues Test (DIT) was used to assess counselor level of moral development. An HIV questionnaire examined counselor attitudes and knowledge. Kohlbery's theory of moral development provided the basis for the study.;It was hypothesized that the level of moral development would show a significant ...


Separation-Individuation And Older Adolescents With Disruptive Classroom Behavior, Eunice Esther Lockwood Jan 1995

Separation-Individuation And Older Adolescents With Disruptive Classroom Behavior, Eunice Esther Lockwood

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The number of students with disruptive behaviors in the public school classroom has become an area of increasing concern for educators. In order to develop proper therapeutic remediation strategies for the behaviorally at risk student, it is important to identify specific roadblocks to the psychological development of adaptive behavior. Students who have been suspended from school multiple times may be representative of a group with specific pattern of psychological growth that are different from other students. This study was directed toward exploring possible variables that may set students who are frequently suspended apart from a control group of students who ...


The Impact Of Principal Instructional Leadership On Student Achievement In Small High Schools In Virginia, Joseph Roy Geiger Ii Jan 1994

The Impact Of Principal Instructional Leadership On Student Achievement In Small High Schools In Virginia, Joseph Roy Geiger Ii

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the degree to which a principal demonstrates instructional leadership and student achievement in small high schools in Virginia. This inquiry was an extension of previous research which has examined the relationship between these two variables in urban elementary schools. The study controlled for the effects of the socioeconomic status of the students, which has been demonstrated through research to have an important impact on student achievement.;Forty-four high schools with enrollments in grades 10-12 of 500 or less students participated in the study. Teacher and supervisor questionnaires were used ...


Lessons From The Past: An Historical Analysis Of Science Education (Biology) Curriculum Reforms, 1950 To 1975, Gwetheldene Louise Holzmann Jan 1994

Lessons From The Past: An Historical Analysis Of Science Education (Biology) Curriculum Reforms, 1950 To 1975, Gwetheldene Louise Holzmann

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine what relationship existed between preservice science (biology) teacher education and the reforms in secondary school biology that occurred between 1950 and 1975. Research questions were generated which dealt with the collaboration of the various sectors of education as well as if the prospective teachers were being trained to teach the reform curricula through their college science and teacher education coursework.;Content analysis of textbooks was utilized to determine the content of textbooks on the secondary and higher education level. The secondary texts contrasted were Modern Biology and the BSCS Blue and Green ...


A Study Of The Effectiveness Of Using Collegiate Mentors To Reduce Violent Behavior, Improve Self-Concept, And Increase Academic Success In An Urban Middle School, Faith Richards Newton Jan 1994

A Study Of The Effectiveness Of Using Collegiate Mentors To Reduce Violent Behavior, Improve Self-Concept, And Increase Academic Success In An Urban Middle School, Faith Richards Newton

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation was designed to determine whether mentoring programs which might be used in middle schools could be successful in increasing self concept in order reduce violent behavior and improve academic performance. The significance of this study lay in its intent to assess the outcomes of a semester-long intervention by collegiate mentors to effect a reduction in middle school violence by building self concept and improving academic success. Although there has been a substantial amount of literature documenting the linkages between violent behavior and self concept, and between self concept and academic success, there is little or no direct evidence ...


The Relationship Between A Locality's Fiscal Capacity And Its Per-Pupil Expenditure In The Commonwealth Of Virginia As A Result Of The 1988 Funding Formula Change, Mary Messer Mehaffey Jan 1993

The Relationship Between A Locality's Fiscal Capacity And Its Per-Pupil Expenditure In The Commonwealth Of Virginia As A Result Of The 1988 Funding Formula Change, Mary Messer Mehaffey

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

For the first time in 15 years in the Commonwealth of Virginia, a major restructuring in the elementary and secondary education finance formula was enacted during the 1988 General Assembly and revenue for education was increased by {dollar}576 million for the upcoming biennium. The overriding purpose of these modifications was to reduce disparities between more and less affluent school systems. The problem of educational disparity is not unique to Virginia. Over the last 20 years, between 60 and 70 individual pieces of litigation have been filed, contesting the constitutionality of public school finance systems in 41 of the United ...


A Different Drum: The Forgotten Tradition Of The Military Academy In American Education, Kurt Allen Sanftleben Jan 1993

A Different Drum: The Forgotten Tradition Of The Military Academy In American Education, Kurt Allen Sanftleben

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate little known and often neglected category of American education, the articulated military school and junior college.;Kemper Military School and College was chosen as the representative institution studied for several reasons: it has remained in almost continuous operation since its founding in 1844 at the height of the academy movement; it specialized as a military school in 1885 when the popularity of general academies began to wane; during the 1920s, it seized upon the rapid growth of the early junior college movement to expand in size and scope; and it was subsequently ...


An Evaluation Of Personality-Environmental Factors Related To Job Satisfaction Of Secondary School Natural Science Teachers, George Newton Deshazo Jan 1992

An Evaluation Of Personality-Environmental Factors Related To Job Satisfaction Of Secondary School Natural Science Teachers, George Newton Deshazo

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among certain personality traits, vocational interests, and demographic factors with job satisfaction among secondary school natural science teachers. Implications for future research and educational practice were explored.;Volunteers teaching secondary school natural science classes in seven Virginia public school districts primarily in the Hampton Rhodes area were subjects for this study. Subjects completed the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, the Vocational Preference Inventory, The Job Descriptive Index, and a biographical informational questionnaire.;It was hypothesized that (1) there would be a positive correlation between the predominant basic preference, INTJ, and job satisfaction ...


The Effect Of Computer-Assisted Instruction In Improving Mathematics Performance Of Low-Achieving Ninth-Grade Students, Thomas Everett Bailey Jan 1991

The Effect Of Computer-Assisted Instruction In Improving Mathematics Performance Of Low-Achieving Ninth-Grade Students, Thomas Everett Bailey

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine whether computer assisted instruction of mathematics produces significantly greater improvement in mathematics performance of low achieving ninth grade students than teaching mathematics skills without computer assisted instruction.;The sample consisted of four classes (N = 46) of ninth grade students who had registered for the course "Mathematics Nine," and whose eighth grade ITBS scores fell between the 1st and 30th national percentile. Identified students were randomly assigned to one of four instructors and one of two instructional groups (computer assisted instruction or non computer instruction). Two classes with different instructors were taught the ...


A Comparison Of The Performance Of Students Prepared For Study At Old Dominion University Through A Developmental Program With Those Accepted Directly From Secondary Schools, Nathaniel Elias Villaire Jan 1991

A Comparison Of The Performance Of Students Prepared For Study At Old Dominion University Through A Developmental Program With Those Accepted Directly From Secondary Schools, Nathaniel Elias Villaire

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the performance of freshmen, as measured by cumulative GPA, who received developmental preparation at the college level with those who were prepared by the secondary school systems. The author's intention was to obtain data for accountability of institutional performance and provide public officials with a program effectiveness base.;Data were obtained from the institutional research office of Old Dominion University in Norfolk, Virginia on all entering freshmen students for the years 1988 and 1989. The data base was sanitized for confidentiality and contained information on the sex, age, ethnic background, high ...


Migration For Secondary Education In The Netherlands Antilles, Elva Lee Smith Jan 1988

Migration For Secondary Education In The Netherlands Antilles, Elva Lee Smith

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Censorship By Librarians In Public Senior High Schools In Virginia, Laura Smith. Mcmillan Jan 1987

Censorship By Librarians In Public Senior High Schools In Virginia, Laura Smith. Mcmillan

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This investigation focused on censorship by librarians in senior high schools in Virginia during the 1985-86 school year. Emphasis was placed on determining the subject matter that the librarians censored, the means by which censorship was exercised, and the factors that were influential in causing these individuals to engage in such activity.;The primary method of securing data for the study was a questionnaire developed by the researcher and mailed to the head librarian in every senior high school in the state of Virginia. Responses were received from 68 percent of those surveyed.;Based on an analysis of the data ...