Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 76

Full-Text Articles in Education

Children Serve Too: An Investigation Of The Impacts Of Military Family Life On Adult Relationships, Karena Heyward Jan 2012

Children Serve Too: An Investigation Of The Impacts Of Military Family Life On Adult Relationships, Karena Heyward

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Military involvement in Operations Iraqi Freedom, New Dawn and Enduring Freed 3131 brings a focus on military families to the forefront of public and governmental attention. The military family represents a distinct cultural context, as each family is immersed in "the prevailing values, norms, philosophies, customs and traditions of the armed forces" (Collins, 2000, p. 213, i.e., military culture). Thousands of families live within these unique communities, but little is known about the role of such family experiences upon the development of children and their transitions into adulthood or the impacts of military family life throughout adulthood. Specifically, few ...


Student Trust In Teachers And Its Relationship To Student Identification With School, Student Perceptions Of Academic Press, And Achievement, Regina A. Bankole Jan 2011

Student Trust In Teachers And Its Relationship To Student Identification With School, Student Perceptions Of Academic Press, And Achievement, Regina A. Bankole

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Research has documented a plethora of evidence that children's perceptions of their relationships with caregivers, specifically teachers, impacts learning outcomes, including academic engagement and achievement (Furrer & Skinner, 2003; Owens & Johnson, in press; Stipek, 2002; Wentzel, 1997), identification with school (anderman, 2003; Bonich, 2007; Goodenow, 1993; McGannon, 2003; Meloro, 2006; Mitchell, 2004;) and academic press (Bonich, 2007; Lee & Smith, 1999; Middleton & Midgley, 2002). Yet the research base from the student perspective on the pertinent elements that influence meaningful relationships between students and teachers, namely trust, is largely missing.;The purpose of this study was to examine the construct of student trust in teachers and its relationship to student identification with school, student perceptions of academic press, and achievement in math and reading in an urban elementary school district. An additional aim of this reserach ...


An Examination Of The Relationships Between Ego Development, Dabrowski's Theory Of Positive Disintegration, And The Behavioral Characteristics Of Gifted Adolescents, Carrie Lynn Bailey Jan 2009

An Examination Of The Relationships Between Ego Development, Dabrowski's Theory Of Positive Disintegration, And The Behavioral Characteristics Of Gifted Adolescents, Carrie Lynn Bailey

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships between ego development, Dabrowski's theory of positive disintegration (TPD), and the social, emotional, and behavioral characteristics of gifted adolescents. Literature exploring the experiences of gifted individuals has often focused on asynchronous development, particularly during childhood and adolescence. Also discussed in the literature concerning gifted students are the unique social, emotional, and behavioral characteristics innate to the gifted population. However, there is still an unclear picture concerning the implications of this work as related to the specific counseling needs of gifted students, and little empirical support is provided. This study ...


Is Empathy The Missing Link In Teaching Business Ethics? A Course-Based Educational Intervention With Undergraduate Business Students, Christopher P. Adkins Jan 2009

Is Empathy The Missing Link In Teaching Business Ethics? A Course-Based Educational Intervention With Undergraduate Business Students, Christopher P. Adkins

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Past approaches to teaching ethics have been rooted primarily within the cognitive developmental tradition, with the focus on developing moral reasoning. Recent studies in cognitive neuroscience and social psychology have challenged this emphasis, highlighting the primacy of the emotion in driving moral decision-making. This study proposed that empathy may be an appropriate construct for integrating both processes, and that an moral education intervention that focused on empathetic perspective-taking based on Martin Hoffman's work may prove effective in both advancing moral reasoning and empathy. This approach was applied using a quasi-experimental design with undergraduate business students (N = 181) within a ...


Promoting Moral Reasoning And Ego Development Through The Use Of Deliberate Psychological Education In Family Counseling, Esther Benoit Jan 2009

Promoting Moral Reasoning And Ego Development Through The Use Of Deliberate Psychological Education In Family Counseling, Esther Benoit

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Families come to therapy wanting to know how to raise good citizens and address issues of justice and fairness in the context of their interpersonal relationships. Research literature suggests that the family may be the best context for moral learning. The implications of deliberately promoted developmental growth within the context of a family therapy intervention are explored. Specifically, the relationships between moral reasoning, ego development and relational functioning in family therapy are examined within a systems-based therapeutic approach.;Outcome research in family therapy suggests that there is at least a moderate positive effect of family therapy. This study examines the ...


Hurricane Katrina Families: Social Class And The Family In Trauma Recovery, Emilie E. Godwin Jan 2009

Hurricane Katrina Families: Social Class And The Family In Trauma Recovery, Emilie E. Godwin

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Hurricane Katrina has profoundly altered the lives of New Orleans residents as they continue three years following the storm to attempt to rebuild their community and their lives. Natural disaster literature has historically focused on the impacts on individuals and correlating variables. Significant literature gaps exist regarding family systems and disaster and analysis of the relationship of social class to recovery. This qualitative investigation situated in an emancipatory paradigm investigated the relationship between social class and family changes for seven Katrina families self-identified as members of marginalized social classes. Study conclusions reveal significant shifts in family identities and a strong ...


An Intervention Study Of Primary Age Gifted Students With Strong Nonverbal Abilities From Low Income And Culturally Diverse Backgrounds, Joanne Russillo Funk Jan 2009

An Intervention Study Of Primary Age Gifted Students With Strong Nonverbal Abilities From Low Income And Culturally Diverse Backgrounds, Joanne Russillo Funk

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The prevalence of high nonverbal reasoning strength among children from low income, culturally diverse backgrounds challenges the education community to provide effective instruction for these students (Briggs et al., 2008; Koshy & Robinson, 2006; Olszewski-Kubilius, 2007; Robinson et al., 1997; VanTassel-Baska, 2003b; VanTassel-Baska, Feng, & Evans, 2007). Research on the well-being and progress of young gifted students confirms that stimulating material resources, association with intellectual peers, and formal educational interventions designed to optimize students' strengths improves the educational outlook for these students (Bittker, 1991; Campbell et al., 2001; Clasen, 2006; Corno et al., 2002; Morelock & Morrison, 1999; Ramey & Ramey, 2004; Robinson et al., 1997; Sarouphim, 1999; VanTassel-Baska, 2006; VanTassel-Baska et al., 2002; VanTassel-Baska, 2007). In this study, a Vygotskian perspective provided the framework for an instructional intervention (Vygotsky 1978 version, 1986 version, 1994 version). Consistent with the perspective, the intervention included intellectual scaffolding to support conscious thought ...


Rape Myth Acceptance, Hypermasculinity, And Demographic Characteristics As Correlates Of Moral Development: Understanding Sexually Aggressive Attitudes In First Year College Men, Jerry Lee Tatum Jan 2008

Rape Myth Acceptance, Hypermasculinity, And Demographic Characteristics As Correlates Of Moral Development: Understanding Sexually Aggressive Attitudes In First Year College Men, Jerry Lee Tatum

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Male perpetrated sexual aggression has long been recognized as a serious problem on college campuses. The purpose of this Multiple Regression Correlation research design study was to assess the relationship between levels of moral development (measured by the Defining Issues Test) and the degree to which first year college men (N = 161) ascribed to rape supportive attitudes. Rape supportive attitudes, for the purposes of this study, included assessed levels of rape myth endorsements (measured by the Illinois Rape Myth Acceptance Scale [IRMA]) and hypermasculinity (measured by the Hypermasculinity Inventory). Respondents completed three research instruments and a demographic questionnaire prior to ...


Developmental Strategies And Styles And Their Measurement, Wenyu Bai Jan 2005

Developmental Strategies And Styles And Their Measurement, Wenyu Bai

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Developmental styles and strategies (DSS) are preferences and repeated patterns in intentional self-development. A taxonomy of DSS based on the convergence of talent development and Sternberg's Triarchic Model of Intelligences was proposed to distinguish school learners, street learners, talent developers (specialists), and all-knowers (generalists). This study explored the reliability of the researcher-developed Educational Developmental Style and Strategy Scale, the relationships of age, gender, birth order, ethnicity, and SES to developmental DSS adoption, and the characteristics of five types of DSS adopters (i.e., street learning specialists, street learning generalists, school learning specialists, school learning generalists, the neutral group). Eighty ...


Conceptual And Moral Development Of Substance Abuse Counselors: The Relationship To Counselor Level Of Education, Experience And Recovery Status, Shari Mcclung Sias Jan 2002

Conceptual And Moral Development Of Substance Abuse Counselors: The Relationship To Counselor Level Of Education, Experience And Recovery Status, Shari Mcclung Sias

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

In the Commonwealth of Virginia, substance abuse professionals are debating the licensure requirements for substance abuse counselors. The debate concerns the minimum educational and experience requirements for substance abuse counselor licensure (i.e., lowering the educational requirements to include individuals with less than a master's degree). In most counseling related helping professions, the minimum educational requirement for a counselor is a master's degree in a counseling related field. to obtain a state or national license, 4,000 hours of supervised experience and the passing of a licensure examination is required beyond a master's degree. The field of ...


Beyond Ability: Effects Of Caffeine And Impulsivity On Academic And Creative Performance, Sara E. Chambers Jan 2001

Beyond Ability: Effects Of Caffeine And Impulsivity On Academic And Creative Performance, Sara E. Chambers

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Relationships Between Teacher Self-Efficacy Beliefs, Teacher Job Satisfaction, Socioeconomic Status And Student Academic Success, Dana Elizabeth Gresham Jan 2001

The Relationships Between Teacher Self-Efficacy Beliefs, Teacher Job Satisfaction, Socioeconomic Status And Student Academic Success, Dana Elizabeth Gresham

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The major purpose of this study was to assess the relationships between the perceptions of self-efficacy of a school's teachers, the job satisfaction of a school's teachers, the academic achievement of a school's students, and a school's socioeconomic status.;The theoretical base for this study centers around the work of Bandura (1982, 1995) in the area of teacher self efficacy. Additionally, Herzberg, Mausner, and Snyderman's (1959) Motivation/Hygiene Theory and Maslow's (1968) Motivation Theory provide the theoretical base for the area of teacher job satisfaction.;Teacher self-efficacy and job satisfaction data were collected through ...


Correlates Of The Joint Attention Disturbance In Autism, Linda Sue Bourdon Jan 1999

Correlates Of The Joint Attention Disturbance In Autism, Linda Sue Bourdon

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Deficits in joint attention, imitation, and pretense are believed to contribute to subsequent difficulty in the development of a theory of mind in children with autism (Baron-Cohen, 1991; Mundy, 1995). Joint attention and other early social skills of children with autism (34 male, 4 female; ages 4 to 18 years) were correlated with measures of nonverbal cognitive ability (Leiter International Performance Scale), receptive and expressive language skills (Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-Revised and Expressive One-Word Picture Vocabulary Test-Revised), and the severity of autism (Childhood Autism Rating Scale) to gain a better understanding of these developmental relationships. Joint attention and other early ...


The Relationship Among Registered Nurse's Years Of Experience, Credentials, Work Location, Completed Non-Required Continuing Education Hours, Moral Development And Conceptual Level, Agatha Custodio Dado Parks Jan 1999

The Relationship Among Registered Nurse's Years Of Experience, Credentials, Work Location, Completed Non-Required Continuing Education Hours, Moral Development And Conceptual Level, Agatha Custodio Dado Parks

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Limited research has been done regarding the relationship among registered nurses years of experience, credentials, work location, completed non-required continuing education hours, moral development, and conceptual level. This study's theoretical framework is based on the cognitive-developmental theory domains of moral and conceptual development. A descriptive and correlational research design was used to discover the relationship between variables. One hundred registered nurses were selected from a hospital in southeastern Virginia. Participants completed a general questionnaire, Defining Issues Test-2 and the Paragraph Completion Method. Findings resulted in failing to reject the null hypotheses. There was no statistically significant correlation among the ...


A Transpersonal Approach In A Case Of Dissociative Identity Disorder, Deborah Hall Berkley-Carter Jan 1999

A Transpersonal Approach In A Case Of Dissociative Identity Disorder, Deborah Hall Berkley-Carter

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Psychoanalysis, behaviorism, and the humanistic movement have, in the latter years of the twentieth century, been joined by a fourth psychological force, Transpersonal psychology. This study utilized a Qualitative methodology, Social-Constructivist orientation, Case Study design, and Dual Narrative format to explore the feasibility of utilizing a transpersonal approach in a case of Dissociative Identity Disorder. Sub-units of the investigation were (a) the treatment of Dissociative Identity Disorder by traditional, psychoanalytic/medical model psychotherapy, (b) the functions of the altered states of consciousness within the client's personality system, (c) the functions of the Internal Self Helper in the integration of ...


Examination Of A Stress Process Model In People Living With Aids/Hiv, Bret Morgan Sawyer Jan 1999

Examination Of A Stress Process Model In People Living With Aids/Hiv, Bret Morgan Sawyer

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This survey research examined a stress process model (A-B-C) in People Living With AIDS and/or HIV (PLWAs) with point "A" representing stressful life events, point "B" the PLWAs' psychological make-up, and point "C" the emotional consequences. Point "A" was assessed by the HIV-stressor scale which yielded two results: (1) number of stressors experienced, and (2) the PLWAs' perception of how stressful each event was for them. Point "B" was assessed by measuring two constructs: (1) Sense of Coherence (SOC) which measured the PLWAs' ability to find meaning in their illness, and (2) Perceived Health Competence (PHC) which measured the ...


Contextual Variables Of The Counselor Internship Experiences From The Perceptions Of The Interns: Contributions To Their Psychological Development, Teresa B. Ancellotti Jan 1999

Contextual Variables Of The Counselor Internship Experiences From The Perceptions Of The Interns: Contributions To Their Psychological Development, Teresa B. Ancellotti

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this phenomenological investigation was to explore the counseling internship experience and gain knowledge of the variables that counselor interns perceived impacted their psychological growth. The interns who volunteered for the study were participating in a counseling internship to complete their requirements for a master's degree from a CACREP accredited institution. This qualitative study was chronicled for phenomenological analysis by conducting four interviews with each intern during their counseling internship. Further items for data analysis included a record of observations made by the researcher's attendance of their weekly internship class, analysis of videotaped counseling sessions presented ...


The Acculturation Process For Kaigaishijo: A Qualitative Study Of Four Japanese Students In An American School, Linda F. Harkins Jan 1998

The Acculturation Process For Kaigaishijo: A Qualitative Study Of Four Japanese Students In An American School, Linda F. Harkins

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to sort out and specify the dimensions of acculturation for kaigaishijo, Japanese sojourning students who presented an anomaly in a monocultural setting, based on factors that surfaced through data collected in the interviews and observations as a result of my conceptual framework that focused on the family, educational environment, and maturity. By sorting the data and comparing and contrasting one child's experiences to those of others as individuals and as an aggregate, nine factors appeared to repeatedly impact the process of acculturation. These essential factors that provide insights into acculturation are (1) the ...


A Cognitive Development Approach To Professional Ethics Training For Counselor Education Students, Nicole Marie Chase Jan 1998

A Cognitive Development Approach To Professional Ethics Training For Counselor Education Students, Nicole Marie Chase

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The study examined the effects of integrating a cognitive-developmental approach with professional ethics training on the moral and conceptual development, self-presentation styles, and ethical decision-making skills of graduate counseling students. The sample was comprised of students who enrolled in counseling courses at the College of William and Mary. The ethics intervention group was compared to two groups; one group who received the traditionally taught ethics course, and one group who had not taken the ethics course at William and Mary. Instruments used included the Defining Issues Test (DIT), Paragraph Completion Method (PCM), and Concern For Appropriateness scale (CFA). Students were ...


Adults "Making Meaning" At Colonial Williamsburg: A Descriptive Study Of Planners' Intentions And Audience Members' Constructions Of The 1996 History Forum, Joan Ellen Casey Jan 1998

Adults "Making Meaning" At Colonial Williamsburg: A Descriptive Study Of Planners' Intentions And Audience Members' Constructions Of The 1996 History Forum, Joan Ellen Casey

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Forecasts reveal an increase in the percentage of mid to older adults in the U. S. and the need of educational programs for lifelong learners. In recognition of changing demographics, the American Association of Museums urged its member institutions to place a high priority on adult programs and research into learning. While museums have experienced changes in adapting to environmental conditions and more explicit educative mission, professionals have noticed the emergence of a meaning-making, constructivist paradigm.;Previously, no study dealt with the mental constructions adults have or form as they interface with a multi-faceted museum program such as the History ...


A Statewide Survey Of Professionals' Opinions And Practices Concerning The Assessment Of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder In Children, Roberta Waller Thompson Jan 1998

A Statewide Survey Of Professionals' Opinions And Practices Concerning The Assessment Of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder In Children, Roberta Waller Thompson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate current practices used by clinicians when diagnosing children with AD/HD as well as to explore possible relationships between practices, professional disciplines, opinions, and theoretical leanings.;The study utilized a researcher designed questionnaire mailed to licensed Psychiatrists, Pediatricians, Clinical Psychologists, and Counselors in Virginia. The sample included 274 professionals.;Hypotheses examined relationships between professional discipline and use of assessment methodologies, consultation practices, and classification system preferences, as well as relationships between opinions about classification and assessment of AD/HD and practitioners' opinions about assessment practices.;It was found that physical examination was ...


Anxiety Sensitivity And Panic Among College Students: Cognition, Emotion, And Somatic Symptoms, Carla Lynn Messenger Jan 1997

Anxiety Sensitivity And Panic Among College Students: Cognition, Emotion, And Somatic Symptoms, Carla Lynn Messenger

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Relationship Between Parental Incarceration And African-American High School Students' Attitudes Towards School And Family, Willie Lee Stroble Jan 1997

The Relationship Between Parental Incarceration And African-American High School Students' Attitudes Towards School And Family, Willie Lee Stroble

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether African-American adolescent high school students who have (or have had) at least one parent incarcerated differed on several variables as compared to African-American adolescent high school students who lived with both parents and those who did not have an incarcerated parent but who lived with only one parent.;John Marshall High School in Richmond, Virginia was the institution studied for this project. John Marshall was chosen for several reasons: the student researcher had access to this population and it was believed that a majority of the students at this institution came ...


Applying The Transtheoretical Model Of Change To Court-Ordered/Dui Outpatient Treatment Clients, Cynthia Munch Levy Jan 1997

Applying The Transtheoretical Model Of Change To Court-Ordered/Dui Outpatient Treatment Clients, Cynthia Munch Levy

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study applied the Transtheoretical model of change to a court ordered/DUI client population to aid counselors in developing a more effective differential treatment model. Clients were individuals convicted of DUI and referred for treatment to one of 4 community mental health centers. at their first meeting, 150 clients completed surveys measuring stage of change (SOC), processes of change, self-efficacy, and decisional balance concerning their drinking. Demographic data was also taken. After treatment, number of sessions attended and successful or unsuccessful discharge was recorded.;Results found significantly more men (122) than women (28). There were significantly more men (81 ...


The Effects Of Self-Care Training On The Self-Concept, Self-Care Behavior, And Metabolic Control Of Diabetic Children, Caryle Hopkins Zorumski Jan 1997

The Effects Of Self-Care Training On The Self-Concept, Self-Care Behavior, And Metabolic Control Of Diabetic Children, Caryle Hopkins Zorumski

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of self-care training on the self-concept, self-care behavior, and metabolic control of diabetic children. The author hoped to obtain information to help improve training programs for children with diabetes.;Forty-nine diabetic children, ages eight to 13, participated in the study as they received basic self-care training from their physicians. Twenty-seven of the children also attended a week long summer day camp where they received additional instruction in diabetes self-care.;The subjects completed the Self-Perception Profile for Children and the Self-Care Questionnaire two times at a four month interval to measure ...


The Relationships Between Experience, Credentials, Ego Development, And Conceptual Level Of National Certified Counselors, Joel Foster Diambra Jan 1997

The Relationships Between Experience, Credentials, Ego Development, And Conceptual Level Of National Certified Counselors, Joel Foster Diambra

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate National Certified Counselors and relationships between their experience, credentials, ego development, and conceptual level. Benefits to continuing education requirements, developmental growth, and counselor insight were identified as justification for the research. It was hypothesized that there would be statistically significant positive correlations between counselor experience, credentials, ego development, and conceptual level. Four hundred (400) National Certified Counselors were randomly selected and contacted by mail survey using a General Questionnaire, Loevinger's Sentence Completion Test, and Hunt's Paragraph Completion Method. One hundred and thirty-four (134) responses were received. Significant correlations were found ...


A Comparison Of The Effects Of Head Start With And Without The Use Of A Newly Developed Resiliency-Based Curriculum, Elizabeth Holt Mcgee Jan 1997

A Comparison Of The Effects Of Head Start With And Without The Use Of A Newly Developed Resiliency-Based Curriculum, Elizabeth Holt Mcgee

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


An Investigation Of The Relationship Between College Student Development And Alcohol Consumption Patterns, Laura Greer Hensley Jan 1997

An Investigation Of The Relationship Between College Student Development And Alcohol Consumption Patterns, Laura Greer Hensley

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between college student development and alcohol consumption patterns. Student development was investigated in the domains of moral development through the use of the Defining Issues Test, identity development through the use of the Erwin Identity Scale, and intellectual development through the use of the Scale of Intellectual Development. Alcohol consumption patterns were studied in terms of binge drinking frequency according to responses on the Core Alcohol and Drug Survey. All participants were classified into one of four drinking pattern categories: Abstainers, Drinkers, Bingers, and Frequent Bingers. The study also used ...


The Use Of Visualization In The Treatment Of Substance Abusing Adolescents, Candice Jane Cook Jan 1996

The Use Of Visualization In The Treatment Of Substance Abusing Adolescents, Candice Jane Cook

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of visualization in the treatment of adolescents who abuse substances. This study measured whether the use of visualization had an impact on levels of depression, acting out behavior and ego development.;The sample consisted of 63 teenagers between the ages of 13 and 18 who had been referred to a residential group home by the court system. The adolescents were evaluated using the Child Behavior Checklist, the Beck Depression Inventory, and the Washington University Sentence Completion Test. The subjects were evaluated at the beginning of the study and again at ...


An Extension Of Dyadic Counseling To Multi-Family Group Training With Application For Head Start Families, Janet J. Zanetti Jan 1996

An Extension Of Dyadic Counseling To Multi-Family Group Training With Application For Head Start Families, Janet J. Zanetti

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of one short-term training model, Parents and Children Together (PACT), on parent stress and child behavior for families enrolled in the Head Start program. PACT is a program of structured play activities designed to replicate the interactions between parents and children during the first developmental stage of life. PACT has been adapted, by the researcher, from a program called Theraplay developed for Head Start children by Ann Jernberg (1967).;Thirty families completed the study. Experimental and Control groups were formed from volunteer participants. Only Experimental subjects received training. Sessions were ...