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Theses/Dissertations

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Language and Literacy Education

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An Evaluation Of Project Iread: A Program Created To Improve Sight Word Recognition, Theresa Meade Marshall Jan 2014

An Evaluation Of Project Iread: A Program Created To Improve Sight Word Recognition, Theresa Meade Marshall

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This program evaluation was undertaken to examine the relationship between participation in Project iRead and student gains in word recognition, fluency, and comprehension as measured by the Phonological Awareness Literacy Screening (PALS) Test. Linear regressions compared the 2012-13 PALS results from 5,140 first and second grade students at adopting and non-adopting schools. Similar regressions were performed at early and late adopting schools. The outcomes for Project iRead indicated statistically significant improvement in word recognition at the district level. However, the results were not practically significant as less than 1% of the variation was explained by the model. In addition ...


Fostering Parental Engagement In A Rural Title I Elementary School, Joyce R. Mcdowell Jan 2014

Fostering Parental Engagement In A Rural Title I Elementary School, Joyce R. Mcdowell

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The major purpose of this study was to find out how to encourage Title I family engagement as the school funds were decreasing in the next school year. I wanted to determine how to continue, as well as increase, parental engagement at a Title I elementary school in a rural setting.;The Title I program focuses on assisting students who are economically disadvantaged in order to raise their academic skills in the areas of reading and math. The parents of the children eligible for Title I reading services at the time of the study were the participants. I used the ...


Program Evaluation Of A School District's Multisensory Reading Initiative, Michael Patrick Asip Jan 2012

Program Evaluation Of A School District's Multisensory Reading Initiative, Michael Patrick Asip

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to conduct a formative program evaluation of a school district's multisensory reading initiative. The mixed methods study involved semi-structured interviews, online survey, focus groups, document review, and analysis of extant special education student reading achievement data. Participants included elementary special education teachers of high incidence students with disabilities, elementary assistant principals, central office special education leaders, and contracted training partners. Facilitating conditions that supported multisensory reading instruction included supportive school administrators, professional learning communities, intensive initial professional development, plentiful instructional materials, and supportive central office personnel. Constraints included school master schedules, limited time ...


Professional Development Practices In Literacy And Technology Integration At Socioeconomically Different Schools, Kendra M. Boykin Jan 2011

Professional Development Practices In Literacy And Technology Integration At Socioeconomically Different Schools, Kendra M. Boykin

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Socioeconomically disadvantaged and African American students consistently perform lower on literacy assessments that measure reading and writing achievement than their dominant culture peers. The changing nature of literacy itself is making this literacy problem even more challenging. Competencies for interacting in digital contexts, identified as new literacies, are necessary to effectively read, write, and communicate using the Internet and other information and communication technologies [ICTs]. According to extant literature, African Americans and socioeconomically disadvantaged students are more likely than their dominant culture peers to use digital technologies to build traditional literacy (Au, 2006; Harwood & Asal, 2007).;Teachers have an important role in ...


Literacy Coaching And Teachers' Instructional Practices: The Impact Of The Community Coaching Cohort Model, Sara Elizabeth Miller Jan 2010

Literacy Coaching And Teachers' Instructional Practices: The Impact Of The Community Coaching Cohort Model, Sara Elizabeth Miller

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to understand the effect of literacy coaching as a vehicle for professional development and growth by describing the impact of the Community Coaching Cohort Model on teachers' instructional literacy practices. Using a qualitative case study design, four questions were answered pertaining to participants' feelings and perceptions about the coaching model, how their experience impacted their knowledge and skills about literacy as well as the instruction in their classroom, and the impact their learning had on their students. Four cohorts of teachers in two schools from a large suburban district were used to complete the ...


A Critical Examination Of Practices And Perceptions Of Current Performance Evaluation Models For Theatre Arts Teachers In Virginia, Shelley L. Nowacek Jan 2008

A Critical Examination Of Practices And Perceptions Of Current Performance Evaluation Models For Theatre Arts Teachers In Virginia, Shelley L. Nowacek

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Methods and models used to evaluate the teaching performance of theatre arts teachers appear to have limited applicability due to the specialized nature of theatre in the classroom. Instructional leaders whose responsibilities include observation and evaluation may find additional challenges when charged with evaluating theatre arts teachers using general educational evaluation models. This qualitative study explored the nature of the practices and perceptions of theatre arts teachers and the administrators charged with evaluating them through the backdrop of Joint Committee Standards of Educational Evaluation.;Though the Joint Committee outlined specific measures to ensure that teacher performance evaluation models and methods ...


An Exploratory Study Of Teachers' Critical Thinking In Elementary Language Arts Classrooms, Susan Mcgowan Jan 2007

An Exploratory Study Of Teachers' Critical Thinking In Elementary Language Arts Classrooms, Susan Mcgowan

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This exploratory study examined how well elementary language arts teachers participating in a federal project to raise students' critical thinking abilities scored on tests of critical and creative thinking. Furthermore, it investigated the ways in which these teachers of the language arts have developed their understanding of critical thinking skills, what types of training they bring to the classroom which might enhance the teaching of critical thinking skills, and the methods by which they foster critical thinking in the classroom. Finally, this study examined the relationship among teacher scores on critical and creative thinking tests, their professional development hours, and ...


Addressing The Learning Needs Of Struggling Adolescent Readers: The Impact Of A Reading Intervention Program On Students In A Middle School Setting, John Anthony Caggiano Jan 2007

Addressing The Learning Needs Of Struggling Adolescent Readers: The Impact Of A Reading Intervention Program On Students In A Middle School Setting, John Anthony Caggiano

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The present study aimed to build on existing research surrounding struggling adolescent readers. The purpose of the study was to determine the impact of the reading program READ 180(TM) by Scholastic, Inc., on struggling adolescent readers in a middle school setting and also to examine whether this intervention has promise for closing the achievement gap between African-American and white students.;The study was conducted using a nonequivalent control-group design. Archival data from the 2005-2006 school year was analyzed for 120 students in grades 6, 7 and 8 from ABC Middle School. The experimental group was comprised of 60 students ...


The Development Of Self-Efficacy In The Teaching Of Reading, Peggy B. Mcmaster Jan 2005

The Development Of Self-Efficacy In The Teaching Of Reading, Peggy B. Mcmaster

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Licensed primary teachers (N = 93) in nine schools completed surveys of their self-efficacy beliefs, level of implementation, and the value they placed on the strategies before and after participating in four levels of inservice training in the Tucker Signing Strategies for Reading. The independent variable was the structure of the training teachers received, and the dependent variables were teacher sense of efficacy in general, teacher sense of efficacy for reading, implementation of the reading strategies, and the value of the reading strategies taught. Components of the training for the use of Tucker Signing Strategies for Reading were structured into four ...


A Study Of Professional Development At Three Midwestern, Urban, Public, Elementary Schools With Increased Student Achievement In Reading, Valerie Hastings Gregory Jan 2002

A Study Of Professional Development At Three Midwestern, Urban, Public, Elementary Schools With Increased Student Achievement In Reading, Valerie Hastings Gregory

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study investigated principals' and teachers' perceptions about professional development and conditions for change. Specifically, the following research questions were answered: (1) How do principals describe professional development at their schools? (2) What professional development experiences did teachers report as having an effect on their teaching practice? and (3) What common factors or conditions did teachers at the three schools report as influencing whether they change their classroom practices after participating in professional development initiatives?;Data collection incorporated both qualitative and quantitative methodologies using principal interviews and teacher surveys. Simple descriptive statistics were used to analyze and describe professional development ...


A Comparative Analysis Of School-Based Performance Of Mobile And Nonmobile Students, Yvonne Darcel Smith-Jones Jan 1997

A Comparative Analysis Of School-Based Performance Of Mobile And Nonmobile Students, Yvonne Darcel Smith-Jones

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The primary purpose of this study was to determine the impact of mobility on fifth grade students in an urban elementary school environment during the 1994-95 and 1995-96 school years. The significance of the study lay in its intent to assess the impact of mobility. Specifically, the study analyzed the demographic characteristics of mobile students and investigated the impact of mobility on student achievement, attendance, discipline referrals, and retention.;The sample consisted of 244 fifth graders. Archival data were obtained from the students' scholastic and directory information records for the 1994-95 and 1995-96 school years. The results were analyzed by ...


The Long-Term Effectiveness Of The Reading Recovery Program, Mary Jan Rozzelle Jan 1996

The Long-Term Effectiveness Of The Reading Recovery Program, Mary Jan Rozzelle

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study compared the sustained effects of the Reading Recovery (RR) Program through the fourth grade. The research compared the reading performance of 1991-92 RR students who were discontinued with 4th grade-age students who received Chapter I services. The accessible population included 16 RR students matched with 16 comparison students on six variables: age, gender, ethnic identity, grade, and first grade CogAT score.;The two groups were assessed on five variables: Text reading level; the ITBS vocabulary, comprehension, and spelling subtests; and frequency of placement in special education. Using a nonequivalent-comparison group design, data were analyzed by the t-test, the ...


The Impact Of A Cognitive Strategy On Students' Composing Skills, Macon Jasper Moye Jan 1993

The Impact Of A Cognitive Strategy On Students' Composing Skills, Macon Jasper Moye

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Cognitive Process of Instruction (CPOI), a cognitive strategy approach to writing instruction. An important emphasis o f the CPOI approach was a strategy designed to help students build a conceptual framework for the main idea paragraph as a means of improving composing skill.;The sample included 121 fifth grade elementary school students. Intact classes were assigned to the treatment or comparison group. The nonequivalent comparison-group design was used, and data were examined using analysis of covariance. The dependent variable was composing skill as measured by holistic and domain ...


A Study Of Programs Designed To Stimulate Students' Independent Reading, Elizabeth K. Welsh Jan 1992

A Study Of Programs Designed To Stimulate Students' Independent Reading, Elizabeth K. Welsh

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine what types of programs designed to stimulate students' independent reading were being utilized or had been utilized in the past five years in the Commonwealth of Virginia. This descriptive study examined how such programs were selected, implemented, and evaluated plus business involvement and incentives.;The sample consisted of 102 or 77% of the 132 school divisions whose superintendents had an original and confidential survey completed and returned.;of the 367 programs, Pizza Hut's accounted for 87% and SSR for 78%. A literature search or a professional journal influenced the selection of ...


Effects Of A Cognitive-Behavioral Program Designed To Increase The Reading Comprehension Skills Of Learning-Disabled Students, Jane Pindar Reilly Jan 1991

Effects Of A Cognitive-Behavioral Program Designed To Increase The Reading Comprehension Skills Of Learning-Disabled Students, Jane Pindar Reilly

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a cognitive-behavioral approach to reading comprehension instruction. An important component of the intervention was a training course for teachers designed to communicate a conceptual framework for understanding the comprehension deficits of learning disabled (LD) children.;The sample included 39 elementary and middle school students who were identified as learning disabled. Intact classes were assigned to the treatment or control group. The nonequivalent control-group design was used, and data was examined using analysis of covariance. Dependent variables were reading comprehension as measured by the Gates-MacGinitie Reading Tests and locus of ...


The Relation Between Improvement In Reading Achievement And Self-Concept In Fifth-Grade Groups, Alice Margaret Hedrick Jan 1971

The Relation Between Improvement In Reading Achievement And Self-Concept In Fifth-Grade Groups, Alice Margaret Hedrick

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Virginia High School Journalism Contrasted With The Professional Concept Of Journalism, Paul Frederick Rule Jan 1964

Virginia High School Journalism Contrasted With The Professional Concept Of Journalism, Paul Frederick Rule

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


A Comparative Study: Two Methods Of Teaching French 101-102 At The College Of William And Mary In Virginia, 1959-1961, Virginia Nelson Anding Jan 1962

A Comparative Study: Two Methods Of Teaching French 101-102 At The College Of William And Mary In Virginia, 1959-1961, Virginia Nelson Anding

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


An Evaluation Of The Curriculum In English At Hampton High School, Carleen Lillian Wells Yates Jan 1957

An Evaluation Of The Curriculum In English At Hampton High School, Carleen Lillian Wells Yates

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Humanism: A Study Of Its Historical Development In Philosophy And Education, Its Modern Significance As A Theory Of Education, And Its Implications For The Teaching Of Language Arts In The Secondary School, Betty H. Yarborough Jan 1955

Humanism: A Study Of Its Historical Development In Philosophy And Education, Its Modern Significance As A Theory Of Education, And Its Implications For The Teaching Of Language Arts In The Secondary School, Betty H. Yarborough

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


A Proposed Method For Teaching Reading, Writing And Spelling By Means Of Controlled Phonograms, Forrest Hampton Wells Jan 1952

A Proposed Method For Teaching Reading, Writing And Spelling By Means Of Controlled Phonograms, Forrest Hampton Wells

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Reading Deficiency Upon Scholastic Achievement And Personal Adjustment In College, William Franklin Stone Jan 1951

The Effect Of Reading Deficiency Upon Scholastic Achievement And Personal Adjustment In College, William Franklin Stone

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


An Experiment In Developing In Fourth Grade Children The Ability To Use English Through Experiences With Folklore Materials, Bessie Jennings Ansell Jan 1945

An Experiment In Developing In Fourth Grade Children The Ability To Use English Through Experiences With Folklore Materials, Bessie Jennings Ansell

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Growth In Punctuation And Capitalization Abilities, James E. Goodman Jan 1931

Growth In Punctuation And Capitalization Abilities, James E. Goodman

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Modern Languages In The High Schools Of Virginia, Clarence Luck Charlton Jan 1925

Modern Languages In The High Schools Of Virginia, Clarence Luck Charlton

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.