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Connecting Access And Efficiency: Community College Course-Taking Patterns That Predict Vertical Transfer, Laverne Wingate Ellerbe Jan 2019

Connecting Access And Efficiency: Community College Course-Taking Patterns That Predict Vertical Transfer, Laverne Wingate Ellerbe

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Vertical transfer is a centennial symbol of access that also provides inputs for operational funding and produces outcomes for performance-based funding (PBF). Thus, this mission-critical community college function may be leveraged to decisively impact the higher education completion agenda. Yet, deeper insights into student level data are needed to understand what powers vertical transfer efficiency. Previous research used administrative data, analyzed access, and tracked transfer outcomes, but few studies have used vertical transfer as a single analysis framework to reconcile access and efficiency goals while examining tensions between access, accountability, and resource allocation. The body of research tends to isolate ...


Critical And Creative Thinking In General Education: A Descriptive Case Study, Nicholas Richard Marsella Nov 2018

Critical And Creative Thinking In General Education: A Descriptive Case Study, Nicholas Richard Marsella

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Abstract as part of a strategic planning effort begun in 2008, the College of William & Mary began the process of reviewing and changing its general education program. Approved by the faculty in 2013, the university is implementing an innovative curriculum called the "College Curriculum," designed in part to help students acquire knowledge and develop the skills and habits of critical and creative thinking. The purpose of this study was to investigate the institution's and faculty's understanding of how the new curriculum addressed student development of critical and creative thinking. This descriptive case study provided a review of the literature on general education, critical and creative thinking; a review of key documentation; and structured interviews with faculty and other members of the community with an understanding of the problem. Lattuca and Stark's (2009) academic plan model provided a theoretical frame to analyze the data, determining that the impetus for initiation of the curriculum review was primarily driven by internal forces within the college. Using established governance procedures, the faculty played the leading role in its development and approval to include establishing the goal of developing critical and creative thinking as key ...


A Phenomenological Investigation Of The Lived Experiences Of Female African American Undergraduate Stem Students At An Elite Predominantly White Institution, Reginald O. Johns Aug 2018

A Phenomenological Investigation Of The Lived Experiences Of Female African American Undergraduate Stem Students At An Elite Predominantly White Institution, Reginald O. Johns

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this qualitative study was to gain an understanding of the experiences of being a female, African American STEM undergraduate who is enrolled at an elite Predominantly White Institution and who has a mentoring relationship. A hermeneutic approach to phenomenology was used to gather data through open-ended interviews. Research questions included: What are the lived experiences of female, African American, STEM undergraduate students of the STEM community at an elite Predominantly White Institution? What are the lived experiences of high achieving female, African American, STEM undergraduate students with their mentors? Four themes emerged from the interviews: (a) Discouraging ...


The Transitional Generation: Faculty Sensemaking Of Higher Education Reform In Ecuador, Mary Amanda Johnson May 2018

The Transitional Generation: Faculty Sensemaking Of Higher Education Reform In Ecuador, Mary Amanda Johnson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

In response to public sector criticism, higher education reform in Ecuador over the past decade has created a nation-wide transformation of faculty roles. The literature from researchers in Ecuador concerning reform and the role of faculty discusses the desired impact of these new expectations; however, very little is known regarding the substantive reality of faculty navigating new roles and work. This study explored faculty sense making of national reforms relating to their role and work at universities and sought to understand how faculty are navigating both policy and implementation of new work expectations ten years after government top-down reform efforts ...


The Duality Of Dual Enrollment: How The Relationship Between Student Demographics, Academic Metrics, And College Enrollment Adds Up, Tiffany Noel Ferrari Mar 2018

The Duality Of Dual Enrollment: How The Relationship Between Student Demographics, Academic Metrics, And College Enrollment Adds Up, Tiffany Noel Ferrari

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Dual enrollment (DE) programs provide high school students the opportunity to earn credit for college coursework completed while still in high school and help smooth the transition from high school to college by making the unfamiliar familiar—a valuable experience for students from a wide range of economic and academic backgrounds. Yet, the value of DE is largely undermined when students who have completed college credits do not enroll in college after high school graduation. Therefore, this study examined student demographics and academic metrics of Virginia DE students to explore potential patterns between student habitus and college enrollment, providing prototypical ...


Understanding The Lived Experiences Of Low-Income Pell Grant Undergraduate Students At A Most Competitive College, Michael Harold Postma Aug 2017

Understanding The Lived Experiences Of Low-Income Pell Grant Undergraduate Students At A Most Competitive College, Michael Harold Postma

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Abstract Low-income Pell Grant recipients represent a small percentage of undergraduate students at America’s elite colleges and universities. The purpose of this phenomenological case study was to understand the lived experiences of low-income Pell Grant students who attended a most competitive college. I used Tinto and Pusser’s (2006) institutional action model as my theoretical framework because this theory enabled a focus on the institutional factors low-income Pell Grant students identified as contributing to their persistence to succeed within the most competitive college context. My study employed a qualitative research approach. The 11 student participants – seniors, juniors, sophomores, and ...


Women In The Trenches: Barriers To Female Staff's Advancement In Higher Education, Carla A. Costello Jan 2015

Women In The Trenches: Barriers To Female Staff's Advancement In Higher Education, Carla A. Costello

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This qualitative phenomenological case study examined the intersection of organizational structures and gender, as well as perceptions of climate, and their collective impact on professional advancement opportunities of women working in lower-level positions in higher education, namely classified and professional staff (Acker, 1990; Allan, 2011; Kanter, 1977). Kanter's (1977) theory of the role of structure in organizations posits that position in the organizational hierarchy and work role influence the amount of access an employee has to information, resources, promotional opportunities, and support. In gendered organizations (Acker, 1990, 2006), women face barriers in advancement. While Kanter (1977) argued that structure ...


Understanding The Lived Experiences Of Students In A Comprehensive Four-Year Undergraduate Leadership Development Program, Jessica Walker Hench Jan 2015

Understanding The Lived Experiences Of Students In A Comprehensive Four-Year Undergraduate Leadership Development Program, Jessica Walker Hench

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Language Of Leadership A Feminist Poststructural Discourse Analysis Of Inaugural Addresses By Presidents Of High Profile Research Universities, Tehmina Khwaja Jan 2015

The Language Of Leadership A Feminist Poststructural Discourse Analysis Of Inaugural Addresses By Presidents Of High Profile Research Universities, Tehmina Khwaja

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Virtual Conversations On International, Students' Intercultural Communicative Competence, Jingzhu Zhang Jan 2015

Effects Of Virtual Conversations On International, Students' Intercultural Communicative Competence, Jingzhu Zhang

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Students' Self-Determined Motivation, Emotional Intelligence And Academic Persistence: An Examination Of Second Year Students At A Public And A Private Historically Black University, Evanda Shentelle Watts-Martinez Jan 2015

Students' Self-Determined Motivation, Emotional Intelligence And Academic Persistence: An Examination Of Second Year Students At A Public And A Private Historically Black University, Evanda Shentelle Watts-Martinez

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Conflict At The College: William And Mary 1750-1776, Andrea Lynn Williams Jan 2013

Conflict At The College: William And Mary 1750-1776, Andrea Lynn Williams

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Millennial Generation: Howe And Strauss Disputed, Holly Alexander Agati Jan 2012

The Millennial Generation: Howe And Strauss Disputed, Holly Alexander Agati

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Researchers have attempted to untangle the complexity of a generation through four primary effects---time interval, cohort, period, and attitude---based on personal and societal attributes. The Millennial generation, born 1982-2000, has received considerable attention through the media, in educational institutions, and in the workplace. The seven persona characterization of the Millennials of Howe and Strauss (1991, 2000) has been extensively cited, yet not been widely scrutinized. Higher education personnel, in particular, have utilized Howe and Strauss' theory to explain changes observed with the current college student population.;This case study sought to discover the relationship and interrelationship between the four-generation effects ...


Emancipated Foster Youth's Transition From Care To Virginia Community Colleges, Shylan E. Scott Jan 2012

Emancipated Foster Youth's Transition From Care To Virginia Community Colleges, Shylan E. Scott

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The focus of this study was the experience of students who had successfully achieved the transition from foster care to enrollment in Virginia Community Colleges. The following questions guided the inquiry: How do students who are emancipating from foster care describe their transition to enrollment at one of the Virginia Community Colleges? What challenges do students who are emancipating from foster care face in the transition to college? What types of support do these students require to successfully transition to college?;This study used a qualitative approach to examine the transition from care of emancipated foster youth to post-secondary education ...


Jumping Off The Couch: Infusing Creativity Into Counselor Education, Christopher Lawrence Jan 2012

Jumping Off The Couch: Infusing Creativity Into Counselor Education, Christopher Lawrence

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study infused key elements of creativity into the process of counselor education, exposing students in a counseling skills and techniques course to a curriculum designed to promote tolerance for ambiguity, appropriate risk-taking behaviors, and improvisational skills. Employing a phenomenological strategy of inquiry, the researcher sought to explore the ways the participants made sense of their experience in the course, as well as the ways the experience informed their perspective of counseling and the role of a counselor. Participants recognized counseling as a profession replete with ambiguity and rife with personal and relational challenges. They came to appreciate a clinician ...


A Balancing Act: Division Iii Student-Athletes Time Demands And Life Roles, Daniel R. Hoover Jr. Jan 2012

A Balancing Act: Division Iii Student-Athletes Time Demands And Life Roles, Daniel R. Hoover Jr.

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

A majority of the research on student-athletes occurs at the Division I level, acid less is known about Division III student-athletes. The scant research addressing the experiences of Division III students-athletes focused on academics, campus involvement, development, and athletic identity (Griffith & Johnson, 2002; Heuser & Gray, 2009; Richards & Aries, 1993; Schroeder, 2000; Umbach, Palmer, Kuh, & Hannah, 2006). What remains unknown is how they manage life roles as Division III student-athletes.;This case study sought to address the time demands and life roles (e.g. athletics, family, friendship, religion, academic, and romantic interests) of student-athletes. Two private, Division Ill institutions in the Midwest were selected. A total of 21 student-athletes from both men and women's basketball teams were interviewed. The findings suggest ...


To Seek The Good, The True, And Beautiful: White, Greek-Letter Sororities In The U.S. South And The Shaping Of American 'Ladyhood,' 1915--1975, Margaret Lynn Freeman Jan 2011

To Seek The Good, The True, And Beautiful: White, Greek-Letter Sororities In The U.S. South And The Shaping Of American 'Ladyhood,' 1915--1975, Margaret Lynn Freeman

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation examines the role of white, Greek-letter sororities in the creation and enforcement of standards for white women's behavior during the twentieth century. While sororities at white, southern universities first served as supportive networks for the few female students on newly coeducational university campuses, I argue that they transformed into spaces that promoted "heterosocial" activities and enforced members' heteronormativity through "lessons of 'ladyhood" and required attendance at fraternity parties and participation in heterosexual dating. as a means to guarantee their popularity among students on their respective campuses, sorority chapters sought the attention of the campuses' fraternity elite. This ...


Homogeneity In Heterogeneous Environments? An Analysis Of Generation Theory Applied To College Generations, Donna M. Eddleman Jan 2010

Homogeneity In Heterogeneous Environments? An Analysis Of Generation Theory Applied To College Generations, Donna M. Eddleman

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The prescriptive characteristics that have been assigned to the entire Millennial generation, suggest that the student population inhabiting college campuses today is neither demographically or experientially diverse. Current generation theory ignores specific environmental and regional influences, like those acknowledged in Bronfenbrenner's ecological paradigm and Mannheim's generation theory, and places a greater emphasis on the impact social movements and historical events have on generational development. to evaluate the accuracy of this Millennial characterization and to learn if immediate environment and region of the country influence trait development, 21 traditional aged college students from three different geographic regions of the ...


Serving Students From A Distance: A Content Analysis Of Persistent Characteristics In Distance Learners, Ann L. Sorensen Jan 2010

Serving Students From A Distance: A Content Analysis Of Persistent Characteristics In Distance Learners, Ann L. Sorensen

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Distance learning has experienced a noteworthy increase in both the number of institutions offering alternatives to traditional classroom instruction, and the number of students participating in the various distant modalities. Accompanying the increase of students utilizing distance learning is the subsequent increase in students leaving their studies before completion. These two opposing increases have elevated the need to address retention in distance learning and specifically, online distance learning. This study utilizes the results of a Transfer Student Survey administered to criminal justice and nursing online students between 2006 and 2008. Survey results were used to determine if specific traits of ...


Situatedness: The Interrelation Of Factors Impacting The Educational Pathway To Degree Attainment Among Black And White Doctoral Students, Candice P. Baldwin Jan 2009

Situatedness: The Interrelation Of Factors Impacting The Educational Pathway To Degree Attainment Among Black And White Doctoral Students, Candice P. Baldwin

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Given the absence of a comprehensive theory of doctoral student persistence within the current literature base, the purpose of this study was to propose and test a model that would predict doctoral degree completion using an integrated scheme of background, financial support, and experience variables between Black and White students. The impact and interaction of these variables was explored individually and collectively to describe a concept defined as situatedness. The situatedness model illustrates that a student's background is related to the financial support they receive in doctoral programs; in turn, these factors are connected to a student's departmental ...


The Impact Of Organizational Culture On The Academic Success Of Historically Black College And University Athletes: A Case Study, Ralph Charlton Jan 2009

The Impact Of Organizational Culture On The Academic Success Of Historically Black College And University Athletes: A Case Study, Ralph Charlton

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Increasing the graduation rates of student athletes is one of the more visible NCAA academic goals. Overall student-athlete graduation rates have improved significantly among many institutional members. However, Historically Black College and University (HBCU) student-athlete graduation rates lag considerably behind. Although the NCAA claims that a causal relationship exists between lack of economic resources and lower student-athlete graduation rate for HBCUs, analysis within Division I HBCUs indicates no relationship between per student academic spending and the student-athlete graduation rates. Seeking an additional explanation for graduation rates, this case study examined the organizational culture of an HBCU athletic department with an ...


An Exploratory Study Of Factors That Relate To Academic Success Among High-Achieving African American Males, Kianga Rhea Thomas Jan 2008

An Exploratory Study Of Factors That Relate To Academic Success Among High-Achieving African American Males, Kianga Rhea Thomas

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This exploratory study explored three factors -- self-efficacy, resiliency, and leadership -- that relate to academic success in African American male freshman college students. The study explored how self-efficacy, resiliency, and leadership interrelate, how a pilot group and study group differ in respect to self-efficacy, resiliency, and leadership, and how African American freshman males differ on these factors in respect to key demographic variables.;The study utilized the Student Academic Success Scale (SASS), which was an instrument developed by the researcher in a graduate course. The instrument was administered to 104 participants. Descriptive statistics, correlation coefficients, and a one-way analysis of variance ...


The Effects Of Preparing For Life As A University Student (Plus) On Student Achievement, Persistence, & Integration, Pascal P. Barreau Jan 2008

The Effects Of Preparing For Life As A University Student (Plus) On Student Achievement, Persistence, & Integration, Pascal P. Barreau

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of the Preparing for Life as a University Student (PLUS) transition program on student achievement, persistence, and integration. The mixed design study was conducted at a highly selective, coeducational, mid-sized university. Three cohort groups were combined as the treatment group and compared statistically to a closely matched sample of non-PLUS students. Focus groups with PLUS participants were also held.;Two research questions investigated whether there was a significant difference in academic achievement and persistence between PLUS participants and non-PLUS students after the first and second semesters. The remaining three research ...


Faculty Ritual, Solidarity, And Cohesion: Thirty-Five Years Of Change At Eastern Mennonite University, Nathan F. Alleman Jan 2008

Faculty Ritual, Solidarity, And Cohesion: Thirty-Five Years Of Change At Eastern Mennonite University, Nathan F. Alleman

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This historical case study of Eastern Mennonite University faculty between 1965 and 2000 explored the shifts in social bonds, examined through the concept of ritual (Collins, 2004), concurrent with cultural, social, environmental, and professional forces that impacted the institution. Employing the concepts of cohesion (as the specific other) and solidarity (as the general other) (Mead, 1934) provided a distinction between individual relational networks and the shared ideological commitments that bound faculty together.;Results of the study demonstrated the significance of intrinsic motivators on faculty hiring, persistence, and perceptions of institutional purpose and employment desirability. Physical space (as the place of ...


Rape Myth Acceptance, Hypermasculinity, And Demographic Characteristics As Correlates Of Moral Development: Understanding Sexually Aggressive Attitudes In First Year College Men, Jerry Lee Tatum Jan 2008

Rape Myth Acceptance, Hypermasculinity, And Demographic Characteristics As Correlates Of Moral Development: Understanding Sexually Aggressive Attitudes In First Year College Men, Jerry Lee Tatum

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Male perpetrated sexual aggression has long been recognized as a serious problem on college campuses. The purpose of this Multiple Regression Correlation research design study was to assess the relationship between levels of moral development (measured by the Defining Issues Test) and the degree to which first year college men (N = 161) ascribed to rape supportive attitudes. Rape supportive attitudes, for the purposes of this study, included assessed levels of rape myth endorsements (measured by the Illinois Rape Myth Acceptance Scale [IRMA]) and hypermasculinity (measured by the Hypermasculinity Inventory). Respondents completed three research instruments and a demographic questionnaire prior to ...


What Predicts Alumni Satisfaction? The Impact Of Investment, Involvement, And Post -College Outcomes, Amy Catherine Barnes Jan 2007

What Predicts Alumni Satisfaction? The Impact Of Investment, Involvement, And Post -College Outcomes, Amy Catherine Barnes

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of financial investment, involvement, and post-college outcomes on perceived alumni satisfaction. Based on a conceptual framework guided by Alexander Astin's I-E-O model, the researcher developed the "displacement model," which illustrated the possibility that one variable could displace the effect of another. This framework also aided in understanding the joint and separate effects of the independent variables of financial investment, involvement, and post-college outcomes on the dependent variable, alumni satisfaction. The analyses also explored the effect of gender and class year on the variables. The researcher surveyed alumni from the ...


Who Flourishes In College? Using Positive Psychology And Student Involvement Theory To Explore Mental Health Among Traditionally Aged Undergraduates, Virginia Miller Ambler Jan 2006

Who Flourishes In College? Using Positive Psychology And Student Involvement Theory To Explore Mental Health Among Traditionally Aged Undergraduates, Virginia Miller Ambler

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between undergraduate students' mental health and their engagement in the educational experience. The researcher identified traditionally-aged college students (18-23) who were flourishing and distinguished them from students who were moderately mentally healthy and/or languishing according to Keyes' (2002) continuum of mental health model. Mental health was the dependent variable. Student involvement was defined as the extent to which students engage in empirically derived good educational practices as measured by the National Survey of Student Engagement's College Student Report (2005). The five benchmark measures of student engagement were independent ...


Navigating The Academy: The Career Advancement Of Black And White Women Full-Time Faculty, Wandalyn Fanchon Glover Jan 2006

Navigating The Academy: The Career Advancement Of Black And White Women Full-Time Faculty, Wandalyn Fanchon Glover

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The recruitment, retention, and promotion of Black women in the academy continue to be a challenge even after numerous policies and programs to rectify historical and social injustices in American society. This study utilized a womanist lens as a framework to conceptualize the interlocking impact of race and gender on the experiences of Black women in higher education. Utilizing a quantitative design, the primary source for the study included data gathered from the National Study of Postsecondary Faculty conducted by the National Center of Education Statistics (NCES) in survey cycles of 1993, 1999, and 2004. The researcher examined the pace ...


A Comparison Of The Critical Thinking Dispositions Of Arts And Non-Arts Undergraduates, Nancy Ann Lampert Jan 2005

A Comparison Of The Critical Thinking Dispositions Of Arts And Non-Arts Undergraduates, Nancy Ann Lampert

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study investigates the variance in critical thinking dispositions between arts and non-arts undergraduates using quantitative data from the California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory (CCTDI), a survey instrument. Data were collected from a sample of 141 undergraduates at a large, urban, public university on the east coast. The population consisted of four groups: freshmen non-arts students, freshmen arts students, junior and senior non-arts students, and junior and senior arts students.;of the four groups which were compared, the junior and senior arts subjects showed the greatest mean total score on the CCTDI. This mean was significantly higher than that of ...


President J. A. C. Chandler And The First Women Faculty At The College Of William And Mary, Carolyn Lamb Sparks Whittenburg Jan 2004

President J. A. C. Chandler And The First Women Faculty At The College Of William And Mary, Carolyn Lamb Sparks Whittenburg

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study examines the progressive leadership of President J. A. C. Chandler in hiring the first women faculty at the College of William and Mary and explains the relationship between his presidency and his twenty-year career in education prior to 1919. During the early heyday of hiring women faculty in higher education, Chandler employed women educators at levels equal to national rates and surpassing regional standards. He did so in conjunction with his efforts to establish full coeducation at William and Mary. Chandler led a crusade to transform the College from a tiny, mostly male college into a vibrant coeducational ...