Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Theses/Dissertations

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Clinical Psychology

Articles 1 - 25 of 25

Full-Text Articles in Education

A Transpersonal Approach In A Case Of Dissociative Identity Disorder, Deborah Hall Berkley-Carter Jan 1999

A Transpersonal Approach In A Case Of Dissociative Identity Disorder, Deborah Hall Berkley-Carter

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Psychoanalysis, behaviorism, and the humanistic movement have, in the latter years of the twentieth century, been joined by a fourth psychological force, Transpersonal psychology. This study utilized a Qualitative methodology, Social-Constructivist orientation, Case Study design, and Dual Narrative format to explore the feasibility of utilizing a transpersonal approach in a case of Dissociative Identity Disorder. Sub-units of the investigation were (a) the treatment of Dissociative Identity Disorder by traditional, psychoanalytic/medical model psychotherapy, (b) the functions of the altered states of consciousness within the client's personality system, (c) the functions of the Internal Self Helper in the integration of ...


Examination Of A Stress Process Model In People Living With Aids/Hiv, Bret Morgan Sawyer Jan 1999

Examination Of A Stress Process Model In People Living With Aids/Hiv, Bret Morgan Sawyer

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This survey research examined a stress process model (A-B-C) in People Living With AIDS and/or HIV (PLWAs) with point "A" representing stressful life events, point "B" the PLWAs' psychological make-up, and point "C" the emotional consequences. Point "A" was assessed by the HIV-stressor scale which yielded two results: (1) number of stressors experienced, and (2) the PLWAs' perception of how stressful each event was for them. Point "B" was assessed by measuring two constructs: (1) Sense of Coherence (SOC) which measured the PLWAs' ability to find meaning in their illness, and (2) Perceived Health Competence (PHC) which measured the ...


A Statewide Survey Of Professionals' Opinions And Practices Concerning The Assessment Of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder In Children, Roberta Waller Thompson Jan 1998

A Statewide Survey Of Professionals' Opinions And Practices Concerning The Assessment Of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder In Children, Roberta Waller Thompson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate current practices used by clinicians when diagnosing children with AD/HD as well as to explore possible relationships between practices, professional disciplines, opinions, and theoretical leanings.;The study utilized a researcher designed questionnaire mailed to licensed Psychiatrists, Pediatricians, Clinical Psychologists, and Counselors in Virginia. The sample included 274 professionals.;Hypotheses examined relationships between professional discipline and use of assessment methodologies, consultation practices, and classification system preferences, as well as relationships between opinions about classification and assessment of AD/HD and practitioners' opinions about assessment practices.;It was found that physical examination was ...


The Relationship Between Parental Incarceration And African-American High School Students' Attitudes Towards School And Family, Willie Lee Stroble Jan 1997

The Relationship Between Parental Incarceration And African-American High School Students' Attitudes Towards School And Family, Willie Lee Stroble

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether African-American adolescent high school students who have (or have had) at least one parent incarcerated differed on several variables as compared to African-American adolescent high school students who lived with both parents and those who did not have an incarcerated parent but who lived with only one parent.;John Marshall High School in Richmond, Virginia was the institution studied for this project. John Marshall was chosen for several reasons: the student researcher had access to this population and it was believed that a majority of the students at this institution came ...


Applying The Transtheoretical Model Of Change To Court-Ordered/Dui Outpatient Treatment Clients, Cynthia Munch Levy Jan 1997

Applying The Transtheoretical Model Of Change To Court-Ordered/Dui Outpatient Treatment Clients, Cynthia Munch Levy

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study applied the Transtheoretical model of change to a court ordered/DUI client population to aid counselors in developing a more effective differential treatment model. Clients were individuals convicted of DUI and referred for treatment to one of 4 community mental health centers. at their first meeting, 150 clients completed surveys measuring stage of change (SOC), processes of change, self-efficacy, and decisional balance concerning their drinking. Demographic data was also taken. After treatment, number of sessions attended and successful or unsuccessful discharge was recorded.;Results found significantly more men (122) than women (28). There were significantly more men (81 ...


The Use Of Visualization In The Treatment Of Substance Abusing Adolescents, Candice Jane Cook Jan 1996

The Use Of Visualization In The Treatment Of Substance Abusing Adolescents, Candice Jane Cook

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of visualization in the treatment of adolescents who abuse substances. This study measured whether the use of visualization had an impact on levels of depression, acting out behavior and ego development.;The sample consisted of 63 teenagers between the ages of 13 and 18 who had been referred to a residential group home by the court system. The adolescents were evaluated using the Child Behavior Checklist, the Beck Depression Inventory, and the Washington University Sentence Completion Test. The subjects were evaluated at the beginning of the study and again at ...


Multisystemic Assessment And Intervention: Effects Of Joining Systems In The Process Of Family Therapy, Gail Bareford Hardinge Jan 1996

Multisystemic Assessment And Intervention: Effects Of Joining Systems In The Process Of Family Therapy, Gail Bareford Hardinge

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate multi-systemic training of counselors on families who participated in counseling to determine differences in the family's social functioning and in children's behaviors within home and school settings. The sample of counselors (n = 10) and families (n = 29) were from the New Horizon's Family Counseling Center, affiliated with the School of Education at the College of William and Mary.;Systemic theory as it relates to family therapy possesses two major tenets: the family is best understood as a system of mutually interacting and interdependent parts, and interventions should include the ...


Coping Strategies Of Depressed And Nondepressed Adolescents, Marcia A. Kennedy Jan 1995

Coping Strategies Of Depressed And Nondepressed Adolescents, Marcia A. Kennedy

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine if there are differences in the regulation of sad affect between depressed and nondepressed adolescents and between younger (12 years to 15 years, 6 months) and older adolescents (15 years, 7 months to 18 years). Using an information processing perspective, this study focused on several steps involved in emotion regulation including the generation, evaluation, and reported use of coping strategies.;Participants included 38 male students, 12 to 18 years of age, attending public middle and high schools in Chesapeake, Virginia. Participants were presented with two scenarios designed to evoke feelings of sadness ...


The Effects Of Psychodrama Treatment On Levels Of Assertiveness And Locus-Of-Control In Women Who Have Experienced Battering, Jeanne Ball Burger Jan 1994

The Effects Of Psychodrama Treatment On Levels Of Assertiveness And Locus-Of-Control In Women Who Have Experienced Battering, Jeanne Ball Burger

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to measure the effects of psychodrama treatment on assertiveness and locus of control for women who sought out-patient therapy to deal with the experience of having been battered. Subjects were required to have been out of their abusive relationships for at least two months.;Forty women completed the study. They were randomly assigned to an experimental group of psychodrama treatment or to a comparison group that received whatever treatment was available to them if the study were not taking place. Each of three sections of psychodrama experimental groups met for one eighteen hour weekend ...


Adult Children Of Alcoholics: Measuring The Personality Characteristics Of Autonomy, Inferiority And Intimacy, Cynthia Ann Walker Jan 1994

Adult Children Of Alcoholics: Measuring The Personality Characteristics Of Autonomy, Inferiority And Intimacy, Cynthia Ann Walker

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study investigated how adult children of alcoholics differ from adult children of non-alcoholics when measured on the personality characteristics of autonomy, inferiority and intimacy. The subjects were randomly selected from the employees of a large school district in southeast Virginia. Each subject received a questionnaire package that included the Adjective Check List, Personal Orientation Inventory, Children of Alcoholics Screening Test and The Personal History Questionnaire. The return rate for questionnaire packages was 72%. All subjects were volunteers and their identities remained anonymous to the researcher. The sample size was 130.;The subjects were placed in the adult children of ...


Selected Family Therapy Outcomes With Bowen, Haley, And Satir, Joan Elizabeth Winter Jan 1993

Selected Family Therapy Outcomes With Bowen, Haley, And Satir, Joan Elizabeth Winter

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate three models of family therapy: Bowen Theory, Haley's Strategic Family Therapy, and the Satir Process Model. The question that was explored concerned what family therapy approaches achieve what types of engagement, dropout, completion, satisfaction with treatment, locus of control, and family functioning outcomes with what kinds of delinquent families. Further, what effect do traditional court services have on a similar sample of delinquent youths and their families.;A non-equivalent, quasi-experimental design with pre and posttest treated (n = 188) and comparison (n = 61) groups was employed. Independent variables included the treatment interventions ...


Divorce Adjustment: Anxiety, Self-Esteem, And Locus-Of-Control, Grace John Hadeed Jan 1993

Divorce Adjustment: Anxiety, Self-Esteem, And Locus-Of-Control, Grace John Hadeed

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to examine personality factors related to adult divorce adjustment with a particular focus on anxiety, self esteem and locus of control.;Bowen Theory, with particular emphasis on the concept of differentiation of self, provided the theoretical rationale for this study. While Bowen related his concepts to marital and family functioning, the theory did not address the process of divorce. The present study attempted to fill a gap in the divorce literature by expanding Bowen Theory, with a primary investigative focus on adult post divorce adjustment and level of differentiation.;All 62 research subjects completed ...


Responsibility As A Factor In Adjustment For Siblings Of Children With Retardation, Victoria Boccelli Damiani Jan 1993

Responsibility As A Factor In Adjustment For Siblings Of Children With Retardation, Victoria Boccelli Damiani

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Forty mothers of children with retardation and forty-one mothers of children without disabilities rated their nondisabled children on levels of in-home responsibility and psychological adjustment. Siblings of children with retardation were found to show significantly more difficulty in psychological adjustment but not more in-home responsibility. Mean scores on ratings of psychological adjustment were in the normal range for both groups. There was no relationship between the degree of responsibility the sibling had in the home and the degree of psychological difficulty. Girls in both groups had significantly more responsibility than boys. Mothers of children with disabilities did not report closer ...


Relationships Among Therapists' Family Background, Personality Traits, And Therapeutic Approach, Jeffrey Neil Van Pelt Jan 1993

Relationships Among Therapists' Family Background, Personality Traits, And Therapeutic Approach, Jeffrey Neil Van Pelt

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study investigated whether therapists' health of family of origin, marital adjustment, and personality traits influence their approach to therapy in systematic and measurable ways. Approach to therapy referred to: (1) relative emphasis on clients' family of origin versus current presenting problems, and (2) preference for doing individual versus conjoint marital therapy.;This study employed a survey design. Questionnaires were mailed to a national random sample of 200 counselors from the membership of the National Board for Certified Counselors (NBCC). One hundred-six were returned, for a return rate of 53%. The following instruments were used to measure the variables in ...


The Relationship Between The Content And Quality Of Ex-Spousal Interactions And The Adjustment Of Stepchildren: An Exploratory Study, Bradley Lawrence Elison Jan 1992

The Relationship Between The Content And Quality Of Ex-Spousal Interactions And The Adjustment Of Stepchildren: An Exploratory Study, Bradley Lawrence Elison

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between ex-spousal interactions following remarriage and the behavioral and emotional adjustment of stepchildren. The subjects for the study were volunteers and were recruited for the study either through The PACES Family Counseling Center at The College of William and Mary or through a networking sampling procedure. The study participants included stepchildren between the ages of 8 and 16, and their residential biological parents.;Thirty-one stepchild/biological-parent pairs participated in the study by completing a series of questionnaires relevant to ex-spousal interactions and children's adjustment. Ex-spousal interactions were assessed using ...


Anger And Type-Related Coping Resources In The Experience Of Adult Survivors Of Incest, Kathleen M. Giles Jan 1992

Anger And Type-Related Coping Resources In The Experience Of Adult Survivors Of Incest, Kathleen M. Giles

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine from a group of ending stage of treatment or post-treatment incest survivors their experience with anger before therapy, during therapy, and at present, using semi-structured interviews and the following objective measures: STAXI--State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory (Spielberger, 1988), CRI--Coping Resources Inventory (Hammer and Marting, 1988), MBTI--Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (Myers and McCaulley, 1985), a researcher-constructed outcome measure (a visual analog scale of awareness of feelings and symptom improvement) and a researcher-constructed Type-Related Anger questionnaire. Subjects who volunteered to participate in the study were 45 adult female (average 38 years old) survivors of childhood incest ...


A Validity Study Of The Control/Nurture Dimensions Of The Sale-Hendren Model Of Structural Family Therapy, Robert George Mahan Jan 1992

A Validity Study Of The Control/Nurture Dimensions Of The Sale-Hendren Model Of Structural Family Therapy, Robert George Mahan

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to validate a model of Structural Family Therapy promulgated by M. S. Sale and Thomas Hendren and in use by many public agencies in the Commonwealths of Virginia and North Carolina since 1981.;The Newport News Department of Social Services was chosen as the main site for the investigation as this author had learned the model while working there; and at the time the research began, all social workers at the agency were being trained in the model. Many middle to lower class SES clients were receiving SFT at the time for a variety ...


An Analysis Of Virginia School Psychologists' Decisions Relative To Assessment Profiles And Recommended Handicapping Condition, Brian Alan Keith Jan 1992

An Analysis Of Virginia School Psychologists' Decisions Relative To Assessment Profiles And Recommended Handicapping Condition, Brian Alan Keith

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the classification congruency of Virginia school psychologists as it related to assessment profile analysis and, additionally, to examine assessment instrument rankings and demographic variables when classifying targeted handicapping conditions. The targeted conditions were learning disability, educable mentally handicapped, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder/attentional problems.;The seventy-two certified Virginia school psychologists who participated in the study were each mailed identical packets containing a letter of explanation, demographic questionnaire, the test profiles for each of the handicapping conditions, and a profile for a non-handicapped child.;The data were analyzed using a discriminant analysis ...


A Study Of Battered Women Utilizing The California Psychological Inventory-Revised, The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, The Constructive Thinking Inventory And The Demographic Variable Of "Times Previously Separated", Martha Miller Grenier Jan 1992

A Study Of Battered Women Utilizing The California Psychological Inventory-Revised, The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, The Constructive Thinking Inventory And The Demographic Variable Of "Times Previously Separated", Martha Miller Grenier

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The problem of most shelters is that they have very limited resources. In addition, space is at a premium in most shelters. Optimum employment of these limited resources is paramount. Since leaving the abusive relationship appears to be a process, it would be extremely useful to shelter managers and counselors alike if there were a way to ascertain which women were ready to leave the abusive relationship and which women were not.;Using the scales of Dominance, Independence, and Feminine/Masculine from the California Psychological Inventory - Revised (CPI-R), the scales of Emotional Coping, Behavioral Coping, and Naive Optimism from the ...


The Utility Of A Computerized Assessment Battery To Evaluate Cognitive Functioning And Attention, Carl Richard Ellis Jan 1991

The Utility Of A Computerized Assessment Battery To Evaluate Cognitive Functioning And Attention, Carl Richard Ellis

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

In recent years much attention has been given to the application of computer technology to psychometric methods, but researchers have concentrated on adapting traditional methods of psychological testing to the new technology instead of utilizing it to develop innovative methods of assessment. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a computerized assessment battery designed to evaluate cognitive functioning and attention could demonstrate reliability and validity. The Computerized Cognitive Assessment Battery (CCAB) was developed according to the PASS Model of Cognitive Functioning and administered via a Macintosh computer and test results included response style variables (mouse movement and response ...


Antecedents Of Maternal-Infant Attachment: A Longitudinal Study, Jacqueline Jeanne White Jan 1991

Antecedents Of Maternal-Infant Attachment: A Longitudinal Study, Jacqueline Jeanne White

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation was designed to measure the longitudinal effects of several maternal and infant variables, on the security of attachment as assessed by the Strange Situation. The sixty mother-infant dyads who participated in this study were recruited from three Tidewater prenatal clinics. The goal of this dissertation was to determine the correlation of maternal and infant constructs with the criterion variables of maternal perception of her baby and the Strange Situation. The statistical technique of path analysis was utilized to analyze data collected over five periods: prenatal, postpartum, three-, six- and sixteen-months. The results of the path analysis revealed that ...


Therapeutic Intervention In The Treatment Of Substance Abuser's Unresolved Grief Reactions In An Inpatient Hospital Setting: A Study Of Two Group Approaches, Alan Wayne Forrest Jan 1990

Therapeutic Intervention In The Treatment Of Substance Abuser's Unresolved Grief Reactions In An Inpatient Hospital Setting: A Study Of Two Group Approaches, Alan Wayne Forrest

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of two group counseling approaches upon adult substance abuser's unresolved grief reactions in an inpatient hospital setting. Forty-one adult patients hospitalized in an inpatient substance abuse treatment program were subjects in the study. All subjects were volunteers and assigned to either a higher level inpatient therapy group (Yalom model), structured didactic group, or control group. Pre and posttesting was accomplished by use of the Texas Revised Inventory of Grief, Beck Depression Inventory, and Adjective Check List. It was hypothesized that by virtue of a grief counseling group there would ...


Parental Perceptions Of Children Clinically Diagnosed As Affective Disorder, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Or Conduct Disorder: The Implications For Family Therapy, Pamela Mccomas Vaught Jan 1990

Parental Perceptions Of Children Clinically Diagnosed As Affective Disorder, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Or Conduct Disorder: The Implications For Family Therapy, Pamela Mccomas Vaught

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate parental perceptions of children clinically diagnosed as Affective Disorder, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, or Conduct Disorder. The results were assessed in reference to their implications for family therapy.;The sample utilized in this study was 97 sets of mother-father dyads who sought psychiatric intervention for their child at local mental health clinics. The mother-father pairs in these intact families completed a demographic questionnaire and the Peterson-Quay Revised Behavior Checklist. The data were analyzed using frequency analysis, t-tests, and multiple regression analysis.;This research indicates that there are significant differences between parents' perceptions ...


Adolescent Identity Formation: Inpatient Influence On Self-Concept, David John Mueller Jan 1990

Adolescent Identity Formation: Inpatient Influence On Self-Concept, David John Mueller

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study investigated the effects of psychiatric hospitalization on the self-concepts of 44 adolescents. Labeling theory suggests that the stigma of being labeled as a patient in a mental hospital will hurt an adolescent's self-concept. The sample for this study consisted of 44 adolescent acute care patients in a private psychiatric hospital in Norfolk, Virginia. their length of stay averaged 20.1 days and ranged from 8 to 38 days in the hospital. Each was diagnosed by an accredited psychiatrist or a licensed psychologist as having symptoms of depression or dysthymic disorder. Each subject was administered a semantic differential ...


Coping With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Manual For Parents And Teachers, Christine H. A. Peterson Jan 1989

Coping With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Manual For Parents And Teachers, Christine H. A. Peterson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.